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VOL. LXVII, No. 169
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, MAY 23, 1957
Needed To Disarm
WASHINGTON (M) - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower said yes-
terday the United States must be
ready to meet Russia "halfway" in
order to work out a disarmament
agreement needed to ease world
He called on Americans to "keep
our minds open" about the pros-
pects of a limited agreement des-
pite Russia's past record of broken
President Eisenhower's remarks
at a news conference could have
been an implied reproof to Admir-
al Arthur W. Radford, chairman
of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
'Don't Trust Reds'
Radford said Sunday in talking
about East-West disarmament
talks: "We cannot trust the Rus-
sians on this or anything. The
word with every country with
Communists have broken their
which they ever had an agree-
Eisenhower did not mention
Radford by name but said "in the
interest of the United States"
some progress must be made to
reduce the world's arms burden.
Speaking emphatically, he said:
"I think our first concern should
be making certain we are not our-
selves being recalcitrant, we are
not being picayunish.
'Need Open Mind'
"We ought to have an open
mind and make it possible for
others, if they are reasonable,
logical men, to meet us halfway so
we can make these agreements."
The President acknowledged the
Soviets, with their history of
breaking international treaties
force the West to be "especially
careful" in negotiating any sys-
tem of arms inspection.
But Eisenhower said he is seek-
ing initially only "the -first simple
moves" by both sides toward dis-
These first steps, he said, would
give all a chance to "test the good
faith" of each other as well as
the efficiency of any arrangement
for inspection of each other's ter-
ritoryto make certain that prom-
ises are kept.
"There has got to be progress
in some kind of disarmament or
there is going to be no reduction
in world tensions," he said.
The President's emphasis on the
need for a reasonable American
approach toward the Russians ap-
peared to foreshadow possible newj
United States concessions in the
disarmament talks, now in recess,
EVANSTON, ll. (P) - Football
coaches and athletic directors yes-
terday studied the Big Ten's new
financial aid to athletes program
and proposed further change in an
amendment aimed at modifying
The policy-making faculty re-
presentatives meet with the ath-
letic directors tomorrow and Sat-I
urday at which time a series ofI
proposed amendments w ill be
One proposed amendment would_
provide awards of board, room,
books, tuition and fees-regard-
less of proven need of an athlete-
to graduates in the upper quarter
of their high school classes, who
subsequently must maintain a B
The coaches and athletic direc-
tors today recommended that such
a scholarship award be granted to
athletes graduating in the upper
third of their classes and there-
after maintaining a "B-C" schol-
This would restore the same
standard for an academic scholar-
ship wnich prevailed under the old
Big Ten code. The new financial
aid program basically assists ath-
letes on the basis of need only and
requires financial statements from
the athletes' parents
r ,-' vsnnMr
Established by SGC
Speakers Selected Would Discuss
Educational, Controversial Subjects
By RICHARD TAUB
Student Government Council set up a committee last night to
prepare for the establishment of a forum program to discuss educa-
tional and controversial questions.
The committee will include the chairman of the Education and
Social Welfare Committee and three council members.
It will investigate possible speakers, sources of funds, and try to
find a name for the program.
According to the motion, the program aims at contributing to
campus discussion, and sponsorship by the Council of a balanced
JOHN F. ENGLISH
.. . new union leader
WASHINGTON (P) - The Eis-
enhower administration appears
to have drummed up some fresh
support and enthusiasm for its
$3,865,000,000 foreign aid program
in the last 24 hours.
Secretary of State John Foster
Dulles carried the fight for the
program to the Senate Foreign
Relations committee yesterday
and won the praise of several sen-
ators for his "persuasive" presen-
One of the committee members,
Sen. Homer Capehart (R-Ind),
said that "for the first time in 10
years I am going to vote for the
support of this program because it
is sound in principe."
Bill Faces Fight
Despite apparent gains, how-
ever, the big foreign aid bill still
faces a battle in Congress. De-
mands for substantial cuts in for-
eign aid and spending persist and
are supported by many leading
members of Congress.
One of these was Sen. Harry F.
Byrd (D-Va), chairman of the
Senate Finance Committee. He
called Wednesday for "a com-
plete blueprint" of future foreign
Sen. Byrd said in a statement
the President omitted from his
n a t io n w i d e radio-TV address
Tuesday night the fact that more
than six billion dollars of unex-
pended balances remain from pre-
vious foreign aid appropriations.
Must Help Allies
During the course of his argu-
ments before the foreign relations
committee yesterday Dulles said'
he still believes in the philosophy'
that if you don't spend money to1
help your friends abroad you may
eventually "have to spend blood."
The secretary said it would be
"folly" to cut the mutual security
program below $3,800,000,000.
Sen. V. William Fulbright (D-t
Ark.) told Dulles he had presented
"a wise and imaginative program,"z
especially with respect to long-r
range economic development. 1
On Sale Today
About 300 copies of the year'sc
last issue of Gargoyle, campusf
humor magazine, will remain onc
sale today, according to Carl York,c
'58, circulation manager.J
'program would not indicate en-
dorsement of the speakers or their
points of view,
Might Commit Funds Too Early
Maynard Goldman, '59, treas-
urer, was concerned that the mo-
tion might commit council funds
too early in the year. Peter Eck-
stein, '58, newly appointed Daily
Editor, noted that the council
would have a surplus of several
thousand dollars next year, and
Jean Scruggs, '58, pointed out that
the whole program was subject to
Council approval, so no financial
commitment would yet be made.
Carol Bamburger, '60, Calendar
Committee chairman, presented
the council with next year's activ-
ities calendar. She reported that
Galens had requested permission
to have a campus fund raising
drive next December.
Galens was not permitted to
hold its drive on campus this
year because the Council had
thought it would harm the Cam-
pus Chest Program.
Should Permit Drive
John Wrona, '57, said the Coun-
cil should permit Galens to hold
the drive because, "the group has
been very successful .raising funds
in the past and wishes to wait
until the Campus Chest drive be-
comes an established success"
No action was taken, and calen-
dar approval was postponed to
Harlan Givelber, '57. Campus
Chest Board chairman, presented
the final Board report to the
Council, with recommendations
for next year's drive.
He said Galens had been guar-
anteed "the greater of either their
percentage (20 per cent) or the
difference between the amount
they collect in the city . and
$7,000." Under these conditions, he
noted, the group had nothing to
lose and actually stood to gain.
Dropped from Board
Inter-Cooperative Council and
International Students Association
were dropped from the Campus
Chest Board because of their lack
of interest. Neither group had at-
tended any meetings, Givelsen
The Council also eliminated
from the Board Vice-President for
Student Affairs James A. Lewis
because he did not have time to
attend the meetings, and was on
the allocations board anyway.
Joint Judiciary Council appoint-
ments were announced at the
meeting. The Council will include
Dave Cooper, '57, Mike Jacobsen,
'58, Harold Barron, '58, Frank
Knox, '57, and Lucinda Hendricks,
'59. First alternate is Michael Ru-
Because Wrona resigned from
the Council last night Shorr an-
nounced petitions have been re-
opened for the second Council
Position this spring. Petitions
closed last week for another Coun-
cil position which was vacated by
Jan Winklehaus, '57.
WASHINGTON (P) - The AFL-
CIO yesterday adopted a code that
P.r e s i d e n t'George Meany said
would have "very definitely pre-
vented" such misuse of union
funds as is charged to Teamsters.
boss Dave Beck.
The code contains a set of ac-
counting principles calling for
regular audits. It bars union loans
to union officers for their personal
profit or to firms with which a
union has labor contract dealings.
Meanwhile, a group of top
Teamsters Union officials, headed
by the union's secretary-treasurer,
John F. English, discussed plans
to seek Beck's ouster as president
because of the Senate Rackets
Committee charges he misused
large sums of the union's funds.
English, who talked freely about
his plans Tuesday night after being
named to Beck's place as an AFL-
CIO vice president, would not talk
to newsmen yesterday.
But it was learned he was con-
sulting with fellow Teamsters lead-
ers on a "Beck must go" campaign
and union clean-up.
The plan of the English group
is to demand that Beck convene
the Teamsters executive board
soon, within the next week or so.
If he refuses, the group intends to:
assemble the board anyway to de-
mand Beck's resignation.
Meany said the code, adopted
unanimously by the AFL-CIO Ex-
ecutive Council, was being recom-
mended for adoption by all the
federation's 140 unions.
Joe Sherman, '58, was appointed
Chairman of the Campus Chest
Board, Harlan Givelber, '57, pres-
ent board chairman, told Student
Government Council last night.
Sherman was appointed by four
organization representatives who
are members of the board, Givel-
ber said. The groups are Inter-
House Council, Council of Student
Religious Organizations, Michigan
Union and Michigan League.
Other groups who are on the
board, but not represented at the
meeting are: Interfraternity Coun-
cil, International Students Asso-
ciation, Inter-Cooperative Council,
Student Government Council, Pan-'
hellenic Association, and Assembly.
Region Disaster Area
ST. LOUIS (P) - New tornado
alerts, coming on the heels of two
days of 'power-packed twisters
that killed 51 in Missouri and a
fringe strip of Kansas, kept resi-
dents of the area jittery yesterday.
The frightening black funnels
were still on the move, having left
14 dead in the southeastern quar-
ter of Missouri Tuesday and 37 in
the Kansas City area Monday.
Meantime, in Washington Pres-
ident Dwight D. Eisenhower des-
ignated the tornado-battered re-
gions of Missouri as a major dis-
aster area eligible for federal aid.
The White House announced
that Federal Civil Defense Ad-
ministration officials will confer
with Missouri's Gov. James T.
Blair Jr. regarding the amount of
relief money required.
Heavy rains and high winds -
mistaken for, tornadoes at some
points-hit parts of southern Mis-
souri yesterday. Streams went out
of their banks in the south-west-
ern part of the state.
The twisters touched down at
scattered points in Missouri and
Illinois Tuesday from midafter-
noon on through to midnight,
A ktay NV ew
Gunay Aktay, '59E, and Cla-
venda Bright, '60P, were recently
elected president and vice-presi-
dent, respectively, of the Interna-
tional Students Association, Tues-
Aktay won over Chandra Ahooja,
'58, with a final count of 298 to
"We now have to plan our pro-
gram for next year," Aktay said.
"Since so many campus organiza-
tions have taken an interest in the
work of theIhternational Center,
ISA's work has become even more
Aktay is a Turkish Naval stu-
dent studying Marine Engineering
at the University. When he re-
turns to Turkey he will be working
at the naval yards in Istanbul.
"Much of our work next fall will
be centered around the World's
Fair," he said. The fair will fea-
ture international exhibits and an
Miss Bright, a Liberian, plans
to return there when she gradu-
ates from the University. "I hope
to work in a hospital for a while
and then start a pharmacy," she
Aktay and Miss Bright said they
will seek to make ISA better
known on campus during the com-
Buildings should communicate
an emotional feeling of wonder-
ment, sculptor-architect Mathias
Goeritz said yesterday.
Goeritz, discussing his own work
in the field of emotional archi-
tecture, showed several slides of
a new project that is being con-
structed in northern Mexico City.
This project consists of build-
ing a city within a city. Goeritz
helped design the towers at the;
However, the functional pur-
pose of the buildings in the project
is of little interest to him, Goeritz
said. Their aesthetic beauty is
what is important.
Goeritz who was born in Ger-
many was greatly influenced by
German Expressionism- and Dada-
His work is a combination of
primitive simplicity and freshness
combined with the frantic emo-
tion of German Expressionism.
n-E 0 0
LINKED IKE, BECK:
Senator Morse Target
Of Republican Assault
WASHINGTON (P-Republican senators linked hands yesterday
in a united assault on Sen. Wayne Morse (D-Ore.) for saying that
President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Dave Beck are "the same kind
of immoralists." But Sen. Morse fought back, repeating the charge
on the Senate floor: "In my book the President of the United States is
guilty of political immorality."
Sen. Morse challenged the Republicans to offer a resolution to
censure him. No one took the dare.
"Shocking," "very offensive," "unfair," "character assassination,"
"bad taste"-these were some of the verbal shells the GOP fired
in a demonstratiorr of solidarity.$
The sharp-tongued Sen. Morse, P"T.11'
who used to be a Republican him-
self, compared President Eisen-
hower to President Beck of the
Teamsters Union in a speech at
Detroit last Saturday night.
Beck has been accused by Chair-
man John L. McClellan (D-Ark.)
of the Senate Rackets Investigat-
ing Committee of misappropriat-
ing $320,000 of his union's funds.
He has been expelled from the
AFL-CIO Council and indicted on
charges of income tax evasion.
Sen. Morse accused the admin-
istration of doing big financial
favors for power companies, and
said it was guilty of "shocking
betrayal" of the interest of future
generations in water resources.
Hitting at the administration on
other scores, he said that when
Harold E. Talbott resigned as sec-
retary of the Air Force he was
given "a high medal." -
Settlement seemed near yester-
day between -the striking union
carpenters and laborers of Wash-
tenaw county and county contrac-
The strike, arising over pay dis-
putes, began May 14 and has
halted building in the Ann Arbor
Yesterday the case was pre-
sented to Circuit Judge James R.
Breakey Jr., who conferred with
Bernard Butler, attorney for the
local and William Kelley, attor-
ney for the Washtenaw County
General Contractors Association
and the Ann Arbor Home Build-
ers Association for one and one-
The associations alleged that
Local 512 of the Carpenters and
Joiners had tried to bypass them
in negotiations by taking blank
contracts directly to independent
Butler believes that settlement
can be reached in a reasonable
amount of time. He also feels that
the circuit court does not have
jurisdiction over the case.
Judge Breakey said that if a
settlement has not been reached
by Monday he will probably dis-
miss the case.
Eisenhower Vows Fight
Over Slashed Budget
At Weekly Conference
PORT AU PRINCE, Haiti (A') -
Haiti's military government is-
sued fire-without-warning orders
to police yesterday in an effort
to break up looting, arson and
It banned political meetings and
demonstrations. The aim was to
force this Caribbean Negro repub-
lic back into a regime of order
after six months of turbulence and
Brig. Gen. Leon Cantave, the
mild army chief who Tuesday
sent home the seven members of
a governing Executive Council and
set up army rule, was accused
by the ousted councilmen of be-
ing an outlaw "in open rebellion
against the executive authority."
He was faced with strikes and
lockouts in Port Au Prince which
Strike tactics have overthrown
three Haitian governments since
Dec. 12, but there was no indica-
tion the resistance movement was
spreading to the five provinces
outside Port Au Prince.
The first night of the curfew
passed without incident.
It remained to be seen whether
the 10 contending candidates for
president would be able to stir up
hostile reaction to the army, a
small but well-trained force of
2,500 regulars and 3,000 reserves.
Critic To Give
Malcolm Cowley will speak at
the Hopwood Awards Lecture at
4:15 today in Rackham Lectur
The noted author ana critic wfil
discuss "The Beginning Writer In
Cowley has written, among other
things, "Exile's Return," and "The
He is a visiting lecturer in the
English Department through June.
Political Aid Offered
In Coming Campaign
To Budget Backers
WASHINGTON W) - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower declared
yesterday with a glint of fire in
his eye, that he'll fight to the end
for his slash-threatened budget.
President Eisenhower told a
news conference a spending re-
duction voted Tuesday by the
House Appropriations Committee
would "cut directly into defense"
-in the vital fields of planes and
The President said he would
give more enthusiastic support in
next year's congressional elections
to those Republican lawmakers
who support his program than to
those who buck it.
To Work With Democrats
And he served notice that, in
trying to get his program enacted,
he'll work with "sympathetic"
lawmakers outside the GOP lead-
ership - but not, he emphasized,
without letting the Republican
leaders know that he's doing so.
President Eisenhower's com-
ments came less than 24 hours
after his second radio-TV address
in a week on behalf of his $71,-
800,000,000 budget, which a num-
ber of Republicans as well as
Democrats in both houses of Con-
gress have been voting to whittle
Public Favors Plan
He said public opinion, as re-
flected in letters and telegrams to
the White House, has been swing-
ing toward support of his spend-
ing program. The White House
said later that 90% of the reaction
to his talk Tuesday night has been
favorable. This speech dealt spe-
cifically with the $3,865,000,000
foreign aid bill.
Budget and related matters
dominated President Eisenhower's
meeting with nearly 200 newsmen.
The President's manner was
emphatic rather than angry. He
seemed to enjoy putting some of
his firmer views on record. He
commented to an aide, in fact,
"Well, that was a short half-
hour," when the session ended.
As for his budget, the President
was all primed to discuss the two
and one-half billion dollar cut
voted by the House Appropriations
Committee Tuesday in his defense
He said some $1,300,000,000 of
this was "not a budget cut at all"
-- just a bookkeeping operation
which might mean Congress would
have to be asked for more money
ON THE DIAG:
'U' Symphony Gives Annual Concert
Course Changes Planned
For Political Science
By DAVID TARR
Changes in the basic course offerings of the political science
department have been arranged for next year.
Political science one and two will be eliminated and in their place
political science 11, a new one-semester course, will be offered.
It can be elected by first semester freshmen and others entering
the field of political science.
This course will be a prerequisite to any of the second semester
courses, 52, 67 or 91. These are now offered only to students on a
sophomore or higher level.
The student concentrating in political science will now take 11
in combination with at least one of the other courses.
The changes have the effect of creating an inverted pyramid
leading from a single basic course through a direct line to specialized
Political science 11 "is envisaged as a 'gateway' which may lead]
PROF. EDWIN A. ENGEL
... receives Fulbright grant
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