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May 17, 1957 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1957-05-17

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4,

"Remember All Those Nice Peanuts?"

mlof~rhtg tt atin
Sixty-Seventh Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. 0 Phone NO 2-3241

tem OpinIons Are Free
Truth wil Prevan"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
DAY, MAY 17, 1957 NIGHT EDITOR: DAVID TARR

AT THE STATE:
Rock, Rock Rock
Miserable Failure
MINCING no words, Rock, Rock, Rock is a bad movie. It is a worse
advertisement for the talents of the all too many rock 'n' roll "ar-
tists it tries to plug. "Twenty-one new song hits" are promised and
there are that many musical presentatiohs in this thing. They all have
the same virtue. The lyrics rhyme.
One might call Rock a problem story. The heroine thinks that
one per cent of one dollar is one dollar. Now in a capitalist society
that can be either sheer genius or a nasty mistake. For this sweet
young thing it is a major catastrophe.
Actually, what little plot there is exists as a background for a
great number of very bad! performances by some very bad perform-

Final Exams

Should Be Returned to Students

TWO WEEKS from today, students begin their
semi-annual wrestling with the final ex-
amination-the greatest -unrealized educational
potential that exists at the University.
After fifteen weeks of study in most literary
college courses, the student reaches the point
where he is ready Ito show what he knows
and to find out for himself how well he com-
prehends the material offered him throughout
the semester.
Many of these literary college courses make
periodic tests of knowledge during the course,
but not all of them. Those that do, give tests
over short units of study or short quizzes
on miscellaneous subjects.
No test, however,.has the potential of a final
examination. No student approaches an hour
exam with the same attitude he enters a final
examination.
The "final" is doubtless'the greatest academic
challenge a student can meet. The final alone
can stimulate the serious student to deep
study and thought about the offerings of his
political science, economics, sociology or Eng-
lish class.
BUT' THIS academic challenge no longer
exists at the University. In its place is a
mechanical, strictly functional test of how
much the' student can cram into his head in a
day or two of concentrated, routine memoriza-
tion.
There is no more academic interest in finals;
there is an interest in getting through the
course with as high a mark as possible or, in,
some cases, in getting through the course.
Professors appear to have little interest, in
the majority of courses, in educating their stu-
dents. Rather, the present-day University
teacher has to give a mark to a name.
The easiest way to do this, of course, is to
give a multiple-choice exam-called "multiple
guess" by those instructors who realize what
they're doing--and to run it through an IBM
machine.
The result is a mechanically-accurate grade,
ready to be averaged with the term's work in

time to be reported to the records office to meet
the deadline.
The student never sees his final exam again,
nor does he know what mark it received, unless
he turns in a postal card requesting the infor-
mation. Very often this request is not even
complied with.
Those professors who do give essay finals
often lock themselves in a closet to read them
through. The result is the same: A , cold,
mechanical mark that gives no indication of
whether the student knew what he thought
he knew or not. The student never sees his
final examination; he never knows what com-
ment his essays met.
THE ATTITUDES of serious students toward
final examinations are greatly impaired by
this procedure. Initiative and the drive to per-
form well are lost in a feeling of futility and
uselessness.
Meanwhile, the drive to mass-educate and
mass-evaluate is satisfied by the machines in
the University records office. Many thousands
of studentst are graded and evaluated in a few
short days-and this is a source of pride to
many administrators.
But the student-the most important part of
this educational system--never realizes the
great potential of his final examination.
ONLY honors courses come near this reali-
zation; yet even they do not make returns
of final examinations, although the exams
themselves present the necessary challenge to
a group greatly prepared for and expectant of
that challenge.
What this University's academic program
needs most is the return of final. examinations
to the student after he has taken them. More-
over, creative examinations should replace most
memory tests.
These advances thorughout the literary col-
lege would give that added challenge to the
semester-and create in the student a greater
avareness of meaning in the work he does.
VERNON NAHRGANG

vi
MIR~

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_

ers and a few people who ought
to know better.
Allen Freed and 'La Vern Ba-
ker must have been awfully hun-
gry either for money or publicity
when they chose to appear in this
little gem.
POOR synchronization of the
sound track and the film togeth-
er with remarkably unlikely ly-
rics add to the impression the
"plot" and the "acting" create -
that this film was written'and
produced in less than a week.
Sample lyric: "I'm not a Juven-
ile delinquent." Sample line: "I
think you ought to have all the
things your heart needs."

VILLAINNESS of the piece isa
girl who seems to be an escapee
from the cast of Li'l Abner. At
least the cut of her dress strongly
suggests the homey costume of
Moonbeam McSwine.
And, after Rock departs, he can
expect two really smashing films
to follow. One Abandon Ship, is a
bloody history of an obscure mili-
tary operation of World War IT
and the other features singer Nat
"King" ole as, a member of the
French Foreign Legion fighting in
Indo-China. Excitement!
-Jo Hardee

J

y 's twe
S N A aA

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-f4 w oo

NOT WORRIED-:
Flyers Sample Material
In Atom-Produced Clords
AN AIR FORCE pilot who ought to know says flying through aiA
atomic cloud is like flying through an extremely violent storm,
but otherwise it's nothing to worry about.
Capt. William N. Wright, Youngstown, Ohio, has flown Into the
awesome clouds 60 to 75 times - so often he's lost, track of the exact
number.
That's his military job, has been since operation Upshot-Knothole
at the AEC's Indian Springs, Nev., proving ground in 1953, and will
be during Operation Plumb Bob, beginning in Nevada next week. ,
He takes radioactive samples of the fearsome mushroom-shaped
clouds for the AEC to analyze.
"This is just an everyday job. We feel our flying is Just as sate as

1

P<r 4.

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
Ike's 'Team' Disintegrates
By DREW PEARSON

U,

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Surprise vs. Productivity
By WALTER LIPPMANN
IT SEEMS to be just possible that an agree- deterrent power of the big nuclear weapons. But.
ment of some sort will be reached at the it does open up the alarming possibility that if
London conference on the regulation of arma- the deterrent weapons shall fail to prevent war,
ments. Mr. Stassen and the A jministration in the continent of Europe might become an
Washington are talking hopefully, and there atomic battlefield.
has indeed been considerable evidence on the The net of all this is that there is, as Presi-
Soviet side, as well as on our own,' of a desire dent Eisenhower said some years ago, no alter-
to negotiate a limited and experimental agree- native to peace. This is another way of saying
ment. that there is no alternative to coming to some
From years and years of talk about "disarma- kind of agreement, explicit and implicit, be-
ment," we have all learned to be very skeptical tween Moscow and Washington.
-indeed, to suppose that neither side is willing The Soviet Union is also subJect to heavy
to pay the price of an agreement, and that the
pressure to reach some kind of pause or slow-
conferences are for propaganda and not for down in the race of armaments. For the time
negotiation. But somehow or other the givedoinhn ro farmameytsto , the
and akebeteenMr.Stassen and Mr. Zorin being, and probably for some years to come, the
nakegunto, r.ookas f assenuinenegr.iZtron Soviet Union is at a military disadvantage tn
has begun to.look as if a genuine negotiation the race of new armaments. The Soviet govern-
might actually be in the making. ment is showing a great deal of anxiety, and
If that turns out to be true, what, we may most probably the cause of this anxiety is
ask ourselves, has happened to bring it about? that the United States has a substantial
For there is no sign that the cold war has strategic lead in the field of the guided missiles
abated, and- that we are any nearerrthan we of intermediate range. Launched from NATO
were to a settlement in Europe or in the bases in Europe, these missiles can strike the
Middle East. Why, then, when a settlement of heart of the Soviet Union whereas Moscow has
the grea issues is not in sight, should we no missiles of sufficient range to strike back at
allow ourselves to think that there might be an the United States.
agreement on arms? Both sides, therefore, feel vulnerable and
threatened at this stage in the evolution of
WECAN SAY, I would suppose, that both armaments. Western Europe is, as the British
military coalitions are finding that the White Paper* said with such brutal candor, in-
competition in armaments has reached a point defensible in a modern war. The Soviet Union
where they cannot stand the strain. Neither, of has become vulnerable to a devastating attack
course, is wliling to abandon the competition. by missiles against which there is no defense
Both are however finding that the pace is too and no corresponding power of reprisal.
severe, and there are important signs that both
the NATO powers and the Soviet bloc need a These are not all the considerations why
breathing spell. there are now such strong inducements to
We are, we know, in the midst of one of the negotiate. But they are the main considerations.
greatest of all revolutions in the technology of Within this context, we can see too what each
war. For the military planners this poses a of the two parties is most concerned about.
perpetual dilemma. Shall they arm with the
weapons that exist, and take the risk that FROM OUR POINT of view, the principal
these weapons will be obsolete? Or shall they strategic asset of the Soviet Union is that,
get ready for the weapons of tomorrow, and being a closed country and a dictatorship, it
leave themselves badly armed for warfare can act 'by surprise. The United States, which
today? The dilemma is posed because neither will not soon forget Pearl Harbor, is supremely
coalition can afford to arm fully with the sensitive to the danger of -suprise attack, and
weapons of today and at the same time to American policy in these disarmament talks is
invent, develop, and produce the weapons of in the main addressed to the problem of sur-
tomorrow. prise.
This /dilemma is producing economic and Our emphasis on inspection from the sky and
military consequences which both sides-each on the ground is inspired by the wish to do
in its own way-find alarming. away with the secrecy behind which a surprise
In the West, .there is a strong tendency to attack can be mounted. We would like to make
resolve the dilemma as the British have decided it as impracticable for the Russians as it is
to resolve it. That is to say by concentrating on for us to strike without warning.
the deterrent power of the new weapons, and As seen by the Russians, the greatest stra-
in fact to accept the idea of a radical trans- tegic asset of the West is the productive capa-
formation of the orthodox and conventional city of the United States. They have not for-
military services. gotten how under war conditions the American
economy can produce weapons. What the
TT MAY TNDEED h ethat there is nn nracti- Russians are always seeking,- therefore, are

THE AMAZING fact about this
Republican Administration is
that it forgot the lesson taught by
an earlier Republican Administra-
tion. It's the lesson that once the
budget is fixed no one on the Ad-
ministration team tampers with
it. If he does, he gets off the team.
The man who fixed the policy
was Charles G. Dawes in the Har-
ding Administration. His work as
director of the budget earned him
the vice-presidency of the United
States.
Prior to Dawes, everyone tam-
pered with the budget. The Con-
gress pulled it one way, different
members of the Administration
pulled it different ways, just as it's
being pulled today. It was a free-
for-all-as it is today. Every cabi-
net member put in his two cents
worth.
* * * s
DAWES decreed that Cabinet
members could all argue about
the budget - privately - before
the budget was fixed. But once it
was fixed everyone stuck together.
Every Cabinet member, every bu-
reaucrat fought on the same teim
against Congress to defend the
budget.
Every Democratic and Republi-
can President since that day
(1921) carried on the Dawes sys-
tem-until this winter. Then the
Cabinet member closest to Ike-
Secretary of the Treasury Humph-
rey-suddenly jumped on the bud-
get. It was unprecedented. Old-
line bureau chiefs waited for
Humphrey to be fired. Any pre-
vious President would have fired
him.
But he wasn't fired. Instead, Ike
went to spend two weeks on
Humphrey's Georgia plantation.
The result spread through gov-
ernment like the recording of an
earthquake on a seismograph. It
was an earthquake-government-
wise.
For when the man closest to the
President blasted the budget and

continued to enjoy the President's
close companionship, everyone else
in government figured he could
do it too. Even Mrs. Randolph
Burgess, wife of the undersecre-
tary of the treasury, is now giv-
ing off on what should or should
not be cut in the budget.
One day, Ike had a "team." The
next day he didn't ave a team.
He's right back to the chaotic
budget days before pipe-smoking,
Hell-and-Maria Charley Dawes
decreed there should be no more
inter-family bickering over the
budget.
* s R
MUCH-LOVED Walter George,
the venerable elder statesman
from Georgia, is no longer a mem-
ber of the Senate, but the other
day he sat in on a highly impor-
tant closed-door huddle. It was
held in the Senate's Vandenberg
Room to protest against the pro-
posed CAB award to Pan Ameri-
can Airways of a nonstop route
from New York to Mexico City.
Those who attended the meeting
were: Sens. Allen' Ellender and
Russell Long, (La.), Olin Johnson
and Strom Thurmond, (S.C.), Wil-
lis Robertson, (Va.), all Demo-
crats, plus representatives from
Eastern Airlines.
"Eastern Airlines pioneered this
route and built it up years before
Pan American tried to get it," re-
marked Senator Long. "This idea
of giving it to Pan American is
the most incredible example of
malfunction of government I have
ever seen."
"The man probably responsible,"
said Senator Ellender, "is Secre-
tary of Commerce Sinclair Weeks.
He's been the special friend of
Pan American for some time."
The lengthy discussion revolved
around the fact that in 1946 the
Civil Aeronautics Board awarded
Eastern Airlines the profitable New
York-Mexico City nonstop run.
Eastern had pioneered the routes

from New York and Boston to At-
lanta, New Orleans, and Houston
years before; and it is customary
to let the first operator of a route
extend it further; also fly over
the same route nonstop.
* * *
BUT despite the CAB award to
Eastern Airlines, negotiations with
Mexico bogged down. Senators at
the closed-door discussion pointed
out that.Pan American was prob-
ably behind the impasse; since Pan
Am owns 42 per cent of Mexico's
CMA, and 20 per cent of a second
Mexican line, Aeronavies.
"I have read the report of an*
investigator President Truman sent
to Mexico to see why Eastern was
not awarded this route," Senator
Ellender told his colleagues, "And
he made it quite clear that Pan
American was working through its
Mexican subsidiaries to block
Eastern."
Now, 11 years after the CAB
awarded the New York-Mexico
City route to Eastern in 1946, a
CAB examiner has recommended
that Pan American get this prize
nonstop route.
Senators pointed out what this
really meant was that powerful
Pan American Airways would op-
erate two lines between Mexico
City and New York. For, in re-
turn for the United States carrier
whicha will operate between Mexi-
co City and New York, a Mexican
carrier gets the privilege of operat-
ing the same route.
And since Pan American owns
42 per cent of CMA and 20 per cent
of Aeronavies, it will be acting
with Mexico in operating the
Mexican line as well as its own.
"It means that Pan Am will be
operating two nonstop lines be-
tween Mexico land New York,"
said Senator Ellender.
The senators plan to go to the
White House to protest personally
to President Eisenhower.
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate Inc.)

any other type of flying. All that
- like in anything else," Wright
says.
Wright, 32 years old, is flight
commander of a small and unique
organization, the 4926th Test
Squadron, Sampling. The outfit
includes only 20 officers and 139
airmen and was organized in 1953
because atomic scientists needed
samples of what was produced in,
nuclear and thermonuclear explo-
sions.
* * * ,
BEFORE the unit was created,
atomic cloud samples were taken
by manned aircraft on a much
smaller scale and by "drone"
planes, but experts decided a spe-
cially trained unit which could
concentrate on this specific duty
would do a better job.
Although Wright is inclined to
tone down any suggestion of risk,
there are plenty of indications this
work is not just routine.
For one thing, the men who fly
the F84 jet fighters and the B57
jet bombers used as sample-takers
wear vests in which the cloth has
been impregnated with lead to
ward off radioactivity.
* * C
ANOTHER safeguard is the re-
quirement that every man making
these flights carry a "badge" in
a pocket under the lead vest. The
little disc-like filter picks up a
sample of the amount of radio-
activity which seeps through the
vest, and frequent checks show
when the pilot or, crewman has
about reached the amount of ra-
dioactivity he canstand. When he
gets close to that deadline he is
pulled off duty. '
Wright shaves the night before
a flight. so any razor cuts or
scratches have a chance to close
up before the mission. The helmet
and oxygen mask he wears protect
his face and lungs fairly well, but
he wants to make sure there are
no open cuts to serve as open
doors to radioactivity.

is necessary is to follow the rules
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michi-
gan Daily assumes no editorial re-
sponsibility. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Room
3519 Administration Building, be-
fore 2 p.xn. the day precedg
publication. Notices for Sundy
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
FRIDAY, MAY 17, 1957
VOL. LXVII, NO. 162
General Notices
The Spanish Honor Society, Sigma
Delta Pi, will hold its annual initiation
today, East Conference Room, Rack-
ham Building, at 7:15 p.m. All members
are invited to attend and meet the
new members. Following the ceremony,
Professors Charles Staubach and En-
rique Anderson-Imbert will address
the membership.,
Honor Residents: Anyone interested
in the Honor Resident Program is in-
vited to the League between 3:30 and
5:30 p.m. Friday to get information and
applications. A presentation of the en-
tire program will be given at 4:15 p.m.
The following student sponsored so-
cial events are approved for the cor
ing weekend.
May 17, Acacia, Alpha Delta P1, Al-
pha Epsilon PI, Alpha Gamma Delt,
Alpha Omicron Pi, Alpha Phi, Alpha
Tau Omega, Chi Omega, Couzens Hall,
Delta Delta Delta, Delta Theta Phi,
Kappa Delta, Kappa Kappa Gamma,
Lutheran Student Center, Michigan
House, Phi Epsilon Pi, P1 Beta Phi,
Stockwell.
May 18, Adams House, Alien Rumsey,
Alpha Epsilon PI, Alpha Kappa Kappa,
Alpha Kappa Psi, Angell House, Betsy
Barbour, Chi Phi, Cooley House, Delta
Chi, Delta Theta Phi, Delta Tau Delta,
Delta Upsilon, Deutcher Verein, Gom-
berg House, Mosher, Newberry, Nu
Sigma. Nu, Phi Delta Chi, Phi Kappa
Psi, Pi Tau Sigma, Phi Kappa Tau, Phi
Mu, Phi Sigma Delta, Phi Sigma Kappa,
Sigma Alpha Epsilon, Sigma Phi Epsi-
lon, Tau Delta Phi, Theta Xi, Trigon,
Tyler House, Van Tyne, TWinchell,
May 19, Alice Lloyd, Delta Theta Phi,
Geddes House, Jordan, Tyler House.
Student Government Council Summary,
Meeting of May 15, 1957
Approved minutes of previous meeting,
appointments to International Cen-
ter Study Committee: Jean Scrugg,
Drake Duane, Ron Gregg, Brenda
Ackerman.
Received report of award of Student
Activities Scholarships to Tom Cleve-
land, Richard Ruhala, Arline Krista,
Formalized the relationship of the Stu-
dent Activities Building Administra.
tive Board as a related board respon.
sible to Student Government Cou.
il; composition of the Board to in-
clude a representative from Student
Government Council, Panhellenic As-
sociation, Assembly Association; three
members chosen in May by Student
'Government Council from the or-
ganizations using the second floor;
a representative from the Office of
the Dean of Men and a representative
from the Office of the Dean of Wo-
men. Officers shall be selected by
the Board. The Board shall be res-
ponsible for administrative and man-
agerial tasks subject to review by
SGC; major policy decisions of the
Board are subject to approval by
SGC. The Board shall report to the
Council three times a semester Ad-
ministrative costs shall be appropri-
ated from the general funds of the
Student Government Council.
Heard preliminary report on Campus
Chest, final reportrfor National and
International Affairs Committee.
Approved Doris Esch as the recipient
of the second Free University of
Berlin scholarship.

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.4

COUNCIL COMMENTARY:
Campus Chest Points Up Communications Snags

By RICHARD TAUB
Daily Staff Writer
The conflict over the prelimin-
ary Campus Chest report at the
SGC meeting Wednesday night
pointed up the complexities of
programming a joint charity on
campus.
The issue is so complex that the
blame for the drive's failure can-
not be laid at any one doorstep.
The responsibility for the drive is
ultimately the Council's, and even
more so, because each ex-officio
organization had or was supposed
to have, a representative on the
Campus Chest Board.
The lack of Chest success and
Wednesday's meeting, serve to
spotlight one of student govern-
ment's major internal problems,
communication.
* e
MOST campus organizations are
faced with this difficulty. Last

difficulties have been encountered
in both areas.
The Council didn't know what
Panhel was doing about a Spring
rushing calendar they had been
working on for 13 months until
three weeks ago. It is now clear
that a great many people who
should have known weren't aware
of what was happening with Cam-
pus Chest.
One person says they couldn't
get enough people to man six
buckets; another answers she was
asked to supply only six buckets.
One person says his group wasn't
contacted; another answers that
the group's representatives hadn't
come to meetings.
Of course, all, or almost all,
bureaucracies have communica-
tions problems. Secretary of De-
fense .Wilson has said things
which contradict President Eisen-
hower, President Eisenhower has
said things which conflict with
Sertayof the 'Tresv uim-

portant of areas, and continually
devise new ways to maintain con-
tinuity. As with a floodwall, the
Council must keep an anxious eye
on communications; shoring it up
as soon as weak points develop.
Janet Winklehaus gave her
farewell speech to the Council
Wednesday night. Miss Winkle-
haus, who will graduate in June,
has been conspicuous in the group
by her quiet, conscientious man-
ner. She certainly will be missed,
especially in a group such as SGC
in which members, understand-
ably, sometimes seem to get car-
ried away by the sound of their
own voices.
Her farewell speech made one
point, which might constantly be
emphasized to the Council. "We
have a great deal of power," she
said. "We should use it carefully,
but we shouldn't be afraid to use
it."
* * *
THE COUNCIL held a banquet

Bill Adams, former Council
president, then told the group it
was time for it to become an inte-
gral part of the academic commu-
nity, and to become interested in
academic areas.
The separate comments dovetail
nicely, As the Council reaches ma-
turity, one can already see great
Council interest in the academic
area. Both the honor systems re-
port, and a motion the Council is
now considering to sponsor a lec-
ture series are solid examples of
this in both breadth and depth.
* * *
A TRULY unrecognized group
of hard workers in SGC, in fact
both the backbone and foundation
of the organization is the Admin-
istrative Wing of the Council. At
the banquet, both keys and cer-
tificates were awarded to members
of the wing who had done out-
standing work.
Members of the wing who have
won keys for outstanding leader-

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