EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
"You Say You Have This Impression That You
Keep Smelling Oil?"
"When Opinions Are Free
Trutb Wfl Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
TUESDAY, APRIL 30, 1957 5NIGHT EDITOR: RICHARD TAUB
Criticisms of Panhel,
Suggestions for SGC
Making Panama Canal
Secure Costly Project
PANAMA, C. Z. WP)-The Panama Canal probably would be made
reasonably secure against bomber or missile attack or sabotage-by
spending about 3%/ billion dollars.
That, says Gov. William E. Potter, is the estimated cost of rebuilding
the present three-lock system into a sea level waterway.
Potter, in talking to newsmen, made clear he was neither advocating
nor opposing a change in the present canal or building the long-discussed
b , -
IF ONE IS to believe the recent statements of
past and present Panhellenic officials con-
cerning spring rushing, one can't help but be
impressed by the incompetence of the organi-
According to Chris Eckhardt, former first
vice-president, the group worked diligently for
13 months to come up with a satisfactory
spring program. But no matter how hard the
group tried, they couldn't come up with a plan
to satisfy everybody.
Yet, through all this, they never sought out-
side help. They never went to any University
administrator or to the student government
council telling of their problems and asking for
Miss Eckhardt explains it this way, "It was
our problem . . . and we wanted to follow it
through to the best of our ability." This is
commendable, but now SGC must come up
with a program in four weeks, which Panhel
couldn't get in 13 months.
As far back as December, Panhel had
dropped the idea of a spring rush, and was
working with a! rushing program to begin in
December. Here, seems to be the most logical
time to report to SGC, that they couldn't work
out a satisfactory calendar under spring rush-
ing and would like permission to begin in De-
cember. The Council would then have been
made aware of Panhel's problem.
But here again, Panhel has an answer. They
didn't know they might be violating anything.
SGC had ordained "a formal rushing period .. .
at the beginning of the spring semester." Pan-
hel's proposed program begins in December.
Not by any stretch of imagination can Decem-
ber be considered spring. It would seem that at
least some person might think there might be
some kind of violation.
THEN SOMETIME after April 1st, Panhel
panicked, and decided to request fall rush-
ing again. After what was only a very cursory
explanation of the request, at a sorority repre-
sentatives' meeting, the women approved it,
19-1-1. Why? Simply because they have been
mortally afraid of spring rushing. Panhel had
opposed it before SGC, because it might do
serious harm to the system.
SGC and Panhel are in one sense trying to
arrive at the same thing. SGC is concerned
with a strong, healthy University, Panhel with;
a strong Greek system and thereby, assuming
there are no conflicts, also interested in A
SGC would not have passed the ruling, if
the body felt it would do harm to the system.I
It might be added here, if one year of such a
new program could do such damage to the
sorority program at Michigan - one year of
an altered rushing set-up - the system must
be awfully weak, and by the same token, needs
Panhel realized this last year, and most
commendably agreed to abide by SGC's deci-
sion. It was only the alumnae who appealed
the decision to the board in review.
IN RELATION to these very alumnae, Pan-
hel has now done something else to reflect
their shaky position, and general incompetence.
At least one sorority national received a re-
quest from the new officers of Panhel to en-
dorse the request for fall rush. This is an at-
tempt to go around, or over other sororities'
heads, and appeal to alumnae who were ob-
stinately opposed to the deferred rushing pro-
gram in the first place. It can only reflect a
lack of faith in the members of a local soror-
ity by executives of the sororities' associa-
In view of the general lack of competence of
this organization, two recommendations should
1) In view of the lateness of the year, SGC
should endorse the December rush program
next year, for lack of a better alternative.
2) SGC should set up its own committee to
implement spring rush. This committee would
report to and be made up of council members,
and in all calendaring conflicts, deferred rush-
ing would get preference. If SGC can't come up
with a suitable program, then it will be time to
re-evaluate the deferred rushing act.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Inaccuracy, Oversight Criticized
THE WESTERN WORLD - or more pre-
cisely, the United States - probably is
going to have things a bit easier for the next
few weeks in the propaganda battle over the
Middle East. Tranquility has settled over the
area in the wake of a considerable diplomatic
victory for this'country.
It would be unfortunate, however, to believe
the strong position King Hussein now com-
mands in Jordan and in the eyes of Saudi
Arabia and Iraq means that Western diplo-
macy has been successful against the threat
of international communism, as it is penetrat-
ing the Middle East through Egypt's persident
Gamal Abdel Nasser.
While it may be true Nasser and his cohorts
will not attempt to forceably overthrow Hus-
sein, whose regime seems secure for the present,
it is quite clear that the Egyptian dictator
will attempt to gain control of Jordan through
other means. To a man like Nasser, who sees
himself as leader - possibly king of the en-
tire Arab world, one country or even one im-
portant man with the ability and courage to
oppose him is a threat that must be met at
any cost. Jordan's Hussein has done this; King
Saud of Saudi Arabia and King Faisal of Iraq
evidently are backing Hussein.
The United States has become deeply in-
volved in the Middle East now; a position that
could cause a very sticky situation if it became
necessary to prove militarily.
Although there seems to be little chance
of this, the United States has adopted and
cannot avoid an influential role in the econo-
my of that area.
A T THE moment, it is not clear if Jordan or
other Middle Eastern nations will turn to
this country for aid - presumably from the
Eisenhower Doctrine. To move rapidly and ob-
viously in a Western direction would undoubt-
edly cause the Middle Eastern countries trouble
from the still fanatical pro-Nasser anti-West-
ern mobs of the area. But to completely reject
the West and its promise of a better life,
would be equally disastrous. The economy of
the Middle East today is extremely unstable
and poor, as the potentates of the area realize.
While Jordan probably will not look too
eagerly to the West, it is hoped that she, Saudi
Arabia and Iraq are at least able to put a
damper on Nasser and moderate Arab nation-
alism. They may even be able to, in time, ac-
cept the Eisenhower Doctrine and other West-
ern assistance without risking loss of the sup-
port of the people. It would also be hoped that,
should this happen, Egypt and her ally Syria,
would fall in line with similar Western-oriented
Nasser will try to avoid this with every means
at his disposal. Not only must he control Jor-
dan, but also get greater influence over King
Saud and find some way of removing any in-
fluence Iraq may have in the Middle East. This
is the problem that faces the West and the
The victory in Jordan was only part of the
battle for the Middle East; the subtle, diplo-
matic struggles ahead must prove to be the
For the Record . .
To the Editor:
ON THE BASIS of prior experi-
ence, I have not come to ex-
pect accuracy in The Daily's re-
porting of campus events. But The
Daily's report of a talk I gave be-
fore the Culture Club April 24th
contained so much inaccurate re-
porting that I feel obliged to write
this letter in order to set the re-
I did not say that the Dred-
Scott case gave the Negro slave
jconstitutional standing. On the
contrary, the whole significance of
the case, as I pointed out, was that
it denied any constitutional status
In the Slaughter-House Cases,
the Court did not hold the Louisi-
ana statute invalid. On the con-
trary, the Court found nothing in
the Fourteenth Amendment to bar
such state legislation. My reason
for discussing the case was to
emphasize the Court's statement
that the Fourteenth Amendment
should be construed in terms of a
central historical purpose to fur-
nish constitutional protection to
the newly emancipated Negroes.
I DID NOT say that there would
probably be no more decisions by
the Supreme Court on integration
matters; I am sure there will be
a good many. What I did'say was
that since the Court regards the
constitutional issues as pretty well
settled, it is no longer writing
opinions to support its decisions in
the integration cases now coming
Finally, I should like to inquire
on what basis a Night Editor
chooses a title for a news story.
It is not possible to choose a title
that is meaningful in terms of
what the speaker said rather than
choosing one which puts the
speaker in a ridiculous position by
suggesting that he spent all his
time taking vengenance on the
--Prof. Paul G. Kauper
EDITOR'S NOTE: The Daily regrets
any embarrassment which inaccu-
racies in its article may have caused
Prof. Kauper. It is reviving a policy
of checking all lecture coverages and
interviews with the source person be-
fore publication in hopes that this
will eliminate the sort of errors of
which Prof. Kauper complains.
Honoraries . .
To the Editor:
NOTICED a few weeks ago the
news stories about the new
members of Scroll, Mortarboard
and Senior Society were played on
the front page of The Daily.
More recently, I noticed that
the list of members of the new
honorary, Circle, appeared on the
I would like to know why this
story should be relegated to the
Activities Page when the other
articles appeared on page one.
Please answer my question.
-Patience Hervig, '58Ed
EDITOR'S NOTE: Daily policy, ever
subject to space limitations andnews
developments, has been to print tap-
ping stories for all-campus honoraries
on page one. Organization honoraries
usually go inside.
To the Editor:
W E WERE sorry to note that
your otherwise excellent Stu-
dent Activities Building Supple-
ment failed to mention the Office
of Religious Affairs as one of the
administrative occupants of the
The Office of Religious Affairs
was created last year as a suc-
cessor to Lane Hall, and is one of
the student services responsible
to Vice-President for Student Af-
fairs James A. Lewis, as are the
Deans of Men and Women, the
Admissions office, Residence
Halls, Health Service and others.
The Office is the agency
through which religious resources
are made available to the campus
and which seeks to keep those re-
sources relevant to campus life.
It is the counseling center through
which religious counselors are re-
lated to the University. It is the
sponsor of Freshman Rendezvous,
Winter Rendezvous and numerous
conferences and lectures.
IT PROVIDES resources for
such major programs as the Cam-
pus Conference on Religion. Na-
tionally, it provides leadership in
the study of problems related to
the place of religion in the state
university and in the solution of
these problems. In Lane Hall, it.
maintains a library, music collec-
tion and numerous facilities for
use by both individuals and or-
The new Office of Religious Af-
fairs was placed in the Student
Activities Building specifically for
the purpose of keeping religious
affairs relevant to student life.
Our office is proud to be located
in the new building and eager to
make the best use of the oppor-
tunities which it provides.
We invite both students and
staff to acquaint themselves with
our services and to use them
whenever the need arises.
-C. Grey Austin
of Religious Affairs
ocean level route across Nicaragua.
However, Potter - who is an
Army major general as well as
governor of the Canal Zone -
points out the following:
From the standpoint of national
defense, the need is for a canal
which could be repaired quickly
and easily if damaged.
The present canal could not. If
an explosion should destroy a lock
or the dam which holds the big
lake of Gatun it might take as
much as three years to repair the
damage and get the waterway
back into operation. Just to refill
Gatun Lake would take a year; the
average annual net inflow into the
lake is more than 173 billion cubic
feet; the loss just from evaporation
is over 21 billion cubic feet.
* * *
A STUDY was made about 10
years ago of the possibility of a
sea level canal. One could be built
across the isthmus entirely within
the confines of the present zone,
Because of the difference in tides
between the Atlantic and Pacific-
about 20 feet in the Pacific and
only 2 in the Atlantic-a tidal gate
or lock about 18 feet high might
have to be built. But this would
be of reasonably simple construc-
tion and easy to repair.
However, the amount of exca-
vation for a sea level route across
the canal zone would be tremen-
dous. The bottom of such a canal
would have to be 100 feet below the
present water level of Gatun Lake,
which is about 80 feet above sea
The estimated cost for modern-
izing the existing canal into a big
lock system which could handle the
largest ships is about 2% billion
dollars. the present canal cannot
handle some of the biggest carriers
nor even some of the new oversize
tankers now operating or being
Canal defense now rests on jet
planes of the Air Force and Navy
and missiles to come later Primar-
ily, that defense must be oriented
against attack from the sea, prob-
ably by submarines firing missiles
from locations off the approaches
to the canal. The Navy maintains
an extensive antisubmarine guard
in both the Caribbean and Pacific.
THE MILITARY men like to
think than an enemy would want
to capture rather than destroy the
canal, putting the waterway to its
own wartime use, then later using
is for colpmerce.
It is on this theory that the
military demonstration called
Carib-Ex, just completed, was
The script of that maneuver was
written around the theme that an
aggressor had landed and was
holding the canal. The effort was
to recapture it.
That strategy was fitted to the
idea that aircraft from bases in the
United 'tates could blast out the
enemy with tactical size atomic
weapons, followed by amphibious
and airborne landing of troops
from the States.
Modern age defenses of the canal
are entangled further in the prob-
lem of negotiations with the re-
public of Panama. The United
States wants to be allowed use of
land outside the canal zone for in-
stallation of missile sites. For over
a year, the two governments have
discussed that proposal, with no
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michi-
gan Daily assumes no editorial re-
sponsibility Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Room
3553 Administration Building, be-
fore 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 200 p.m. Friday.
TUESDAY, APRIL 30, 1937
VIL. LXVII, NO. 147
By Error, the School of Public Health
was not specifically designated on the
University Senate ballot as a unit from
which a nominee mightbe elected.
The candidate from that School i
eligible for election.
Want to be a Freshman Rendezvous
Counselor? Application blanks avail-
able now at Lane Hall, or at the Of-
fice of the Coordinator of Religious
Affairs, Student Activity Building.
Freshman Rendezvous, to be held Sept.
10-12. is sponsored by the Office of Re-
ligious Affairs with IFC, IHC, Assemb-
ly, Pan-Hellenic, Council of Student
Religious Organizations, and SGC co-
operating. Application deadline Mon.,
Attention all Seniors: Order your
caps and gowns for June graduation at
Moe's Sport Shop on North University*
as soon as possible.
All veterans who expect education
and training allowance under Publie
Law 550 (Korea G.. Bill) must turn in-
structor's signature form in to Dean's
office by 5:00 p.m., Fri., May 3.
Dr. Emanuel Ben-Dor, deputy direc-
tor of Antiquities of the Government
of Israel, will deliver a public lecture
on "Recent Excavations in Israel" Tues.,
April 30, 4:15 p.m., Aud. B, Angell Hall.
Sponsored by the Dept. of Near Eastern
W. D. Falk, senior lecturer at the
University of Melbourne and visiting
lecturersin the Department of Philo-
sophy, will speak on "Why be Moral?"
Tues., April 30 at 4:15 p.m. in Angell
Hall, Aud C auspices of the Depart-
ment of philosophy.
Linguistics Club meeting, Tues., Ap-
ril 30 at 7:30 p.m. in West Conference
Room, Rackham Bldg. Speaker: Prof.
Albert H. Marcwardt, "A Report on
the Texas Conference on English Lin-
May Festival concerts, May 2, 3, 4
Thurs., May 2, 8:30 p.m. All-Beetho-
ven program; Philadelphia Orchestra;
Alexander Brailowsky, piano, soloist;
Eugene Ormandy, Conductor.
Fri., May 3, 8:30 p.m., verdi's "Aida"
in concert form. Philadelphia Orches-
tra; University Choral Tnion; Leontyne
Price, soprano; Martha Lipton, con-
tralto; Kurt Baum, tenor; Robert Mc-
Ferrin, baritone; Nicola Moscona, base;
Thor Johnson, conductor.
Sat., May 4, 2:30 p.m. Soloist: Jo-
seph Szigeti, violinist; Philadelphia or-
chestra; William R. Smith, conductor,
Festival Youth Chorus, Geneva Nel-
Sat., May 4, 8:30 p.m. Philadelphia
Orchestra; Robert Merrill, baritone,
soloist; Eugene Ormandy, conductor.
Sun., May 5, 2:30 p.m. Philadelphia
Orchestra; John Krell, piccolo; Gina
Bachauer, pianist; University Choral
Union in . "Five Tudor Portraits"'
(Vaughan Williams), with Martha Lip
ton, contralto, and Donald Gramm,
bass-baritone; Thor Johnson, conduc-
Sun., May 5, 8:30 pm. Philadelphia
Orchestra; Rise Stevens, soloist; Eugene
The ticket office will be open in Bur-
ton Tower through Wed., May 2; and
the Hill Auditorium box office will be
open beginning Thurs.,. May 2, through
Mathematics Colloquium: Tues., Ap-
ril 30, at 4:10 p.m. in Room 3011, An-
gell Hall. Prof. A. H. Copeland will
speak on "Convex Geometries." Re-
freshments at 3:45 pem. in Room 3212,
The following schools have listed va-
cancies on their teaching staffs with
the Bureau of Appointments for the
1957-58 school year. They will not be
here to interview at this time.
Boyne City, Michigan - Art.
Crown Point, Indiana - 6th Grade
(man); 4th Grade; 5th Grade; Elem.
Music; Math; English/Speech; Vocal
Music/English or Social Studies; Dean
of Girls/English or Social Studies;
High School Librarian.
Detour, Michigan - Industrial Arts;
English; Music; Physical Education/
El Paso, Texas -- (Radford School)
Science; English; Dramatic Arts; Li-
Grandville, Michigan - Journalism/
English or Math.
Hemlock, Michigan - Junior High
Highland Park, Michigan - All Ele-
mentary; Elem. Homemaking; Elem.
Librarian; High School English/Speech;
Girls Physical Education; Instrumen-
tal Music; Latin; Vocational Home-
making; Speech Correction; Sight Sav-
Ft. Gratiot, Michigan - 2nd Grade/
3rd Grade; Junior High Core.
Le Roy, New York -- Kindergarten;
2nd Grade; 6th Grade; English; Amer-
cn nd Wnrld Wmam-
TALKING ON TELEVISION:
NBC Plays Ugliest Sister in This Fairy Tale
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
E UROPE HAS taken another step toward
unity and international co-operation under
The ball which started rolling so slowly and
so tentatively after World War II has acquired
First there came Holland, Belgium and Lux-
embourg, in dire need of economic recovery,
with a customs union called Benelux.
The Council of Europe was established, with-
out legislative authority, where mutual prob-
lems could be threshed over and the tone of
Western Europe thinking set.
A pool was established to supervise the pro-
duction and marketing of coal and steel.
More recently, six of the nations extended
the coal and steel pool trade idea to all trade,
including agriculture, and to the development
of atomic power for peaceful purposes.
Two more international control bodies were
thus agreed upon, with an international fund
for development purposes. This latter is especi-
ally revolutionary, since it means German and
French cooperation in development of Europe's
territories and appendages overseas.
SOON THESE vast European businesses will
come under the direction of a new council,
not appointed as the various control bodies are
now, but elected from each country by popular
And there, after all the centuries, you will see
a Parliament of Europe in the making.
The latest step was taken yesterday at
Strasbourg, at the opening of the Council of
Europe's 1957 session.
By LARRY EINHORN
Daily Television Writer
ONCE UPON a time, in the ever
ever land of the United States
of America there lived three sis-
ters. The two ugly sisters were
called National Broadcasting Com-
pany and Columbia Broadcasting
System. The poor beautiful sister
was called Walt Disney Produc-
tions, Inc. (She didn't really have
to be poor, but she was too proud
to melt down her Oscars)
The 'poor beautiful sister lived
in a magic place called Disneyland,
U.S.A. A long time ago she decided
to make a movie about another
poor beautiful girl named Cin-
derella. The movie was made, and
enchanted just about everyone
who saw it. It was basically a story
for children, but it equally fascin-
ated the parents and grandparents
who escorted the children to the
THE FIRST ugly sister, to whom
we shall refer in the future by her
nickname, CBS, lives at 485 Madi-
son Avenue in New York City. Last
mnn-h ha ianrfrl o nacat
on Sunday night and gave it to
this spectacular. She dusted off
her little-used color cameras and
put them to work. She had a lot
of costumes and scenery specially
made for this performance.
After it was all over she felt
quite pleased. The Trendex people
were kind to her and gave her a
nice rating for her efforts.
The soundtrack containing the
musical number was processed into
a long-playing record which sold
pretty well. The music was beau-
tiful and deserved this response.
* * *
BUT THIS production lacked
the magic of the Disney produc-
tion. And one can't rationalize
by saying that a fairy tale loses
its fantasy characteristic when
portrayed by real people. And one
can't say that one can't put over
such a story on television as one
can in the movies. If you remem-
ber Mary Martin's Peter Pan, you
will recall that it can be done.
After this first ugly stepsister
publicized this new Cinderella, the
poor beautiful sister in Disneyland
rarrtac-a l11nriaal Oirarall
decided that it would be a good
idea to use ballet as the medium
in which she would present the-
So she hired the old Sadler's
Wells troupe with Margot Fon-
teyn in the title role. And so last
night NBC had her version of
Cinderella. To keep up with the
adjectives previously used in this
story, one could say that her ver-
sion was the ugliest.
SHE DOESN'T realize that there
are very few people in this ever
ever land that appreciate ballet.
Similarly, and maybe unfortun-
ately, there are a like number that
understand ballet. And so, for the
most part, very few people could
really enjoy last night's Cinderella.
Most of the children. who watched
the program probably didn't even
know it was the story of the little
girl who married a prince because
of a glass slipper.
Last night, NBC's sponsor's paid
her about $300,000, so she isn't
poor either. One person who s
n'rnhhlyverv hann that NBC ie-
THAT JUST ABOUT ends our
little tale for today. As in the
original story the poor beautiful
girl wins the prince, beating out
her two ugly sisters. Only the
prince in this case is the approval
of the American public and the
glass slipper is the magic that Dis-
ney seems to have monopolized.
Mary Martin took that magic
away for one night, but except for
Disney's own show, it has never
since been used on television.
The beautiful poor sister has
gained more prominence since he
entered the medium of which the'
ugly sisters are a part. And the
two ugly sisters are pretty friendly,
except when Mr. Trendex decides
in favor of one of them,
So I guess one could say that
they all lived happily ever after.
THE COMMUNISTS-- to para-
phrase Noel Coward-do it. We
-to continue the paraphrase-do
it Andorso ru n, the -znnr