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April 30, 1957 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1957-04-30

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See Page 4



Latest Deadline in the State

VOL. LXVII, No. 149



_.r. .

Sabine River
Flood Kills
11 in Texas
Recent Drought Area
Wet Disaster Scene
DALLAS (M)-The greatest
flood in the history of the Sabine
River bore down on cities along
that stream, the Weather Bureau
said yesterday, as scores of other
Texas rivers and streams brought
creeping destruction to parts of
The floods ranged from the Red
River to the Gulf of Mexico.
1 Already 11 persons have drown-
ed in the 11 days of heavy down-
pours on a state that only a few
weeks ago was labeled a drought
disaster area by the government.
The Weather Bureau forecast
continued heavy rain at least
through Saturday.
Caused by Low Pressure
The stretch of rainy weather is
caused by a low pressure system
stationary over the Southwest.
Damage could not be counted.
But in Dallas alone, destruction
was estimated at 6% million dol-
The bright side of the picture
was in greening pastures and
fields, and city water supply lakes
that are full for the first time in
But on the dark side were the
flood threats, thousands of per-
sons forced from their homes by
high water, bridges washed out
and flooded highways and homes.
The Texas Highway Department
listed 74 roads closed.
Began April 18
The siege of devastating weath-
er began April 18, and included
cloudbursts, t o r n a d o e s, flash
floods and steady downpours.
Another tornado struck Sunday
near Edcouch near the Mexican
Numerous tornado funnels were
sighted yesterday around San An-
gelo in west Texas, Waco in cen-
tral Texas, Denison in north Tex-
as, and Orange in southeast Tex-
as, but apparently none touched
the ground.
The Upper Sabine appeared the
big menace at the moment.
The Shreveport, La., Weather
Bureau, which predicts for the
upper Sabine, sent flood warnings
the entire length of the river from
its headwaters deep in northeast
Texas and along the Louisiana-
Texas border to the Gulf of Mex-
The bureau said the crest at
Gladewater will be about 45 feet
by Wednesday, higher than any
recorded before.
Flooding also was occurring on
the Trinity, Brazos and Guada-
lupe rivers, while the Rio Grande
was being watched carefully.
Honduras Hits
Border Raids
Of Nicaragua
TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras ()-
Honduras yesterday formally ac-
cused neighboring Nicaragua of
aggression in a border dispute.
Honduras lodged the charge
with the Organization of American
States, which has headquartersin
Meantime, Jose Guillermo Tra-
banino, secretary general of the
regional organization of Central
American states, conferred with
the military junta and Foreign

Minister Jorge Fidel Duron on the
1 border dispute.
Details were not divulged, but
the talks were reported to have
achieved some progress.
Informed quarters sai.' early
yesterday Honduran troops were
driving out a force of about 50
Nicaraguans who moved last week
into the newly created Honduran
frontier province of Gracias a
All Honduran military personnel
had been ordered in broadcasts
Sunday night to report to their
ew Direetory
Peiltions Open
Petitions for publication and
distribution of ,the Student Direc-
tory are now being accepted by
the Board in Control of Student

Meany Stands by Decision;
Beck Claims Ouster Illegal

Budget Cuts
To Persist
Despite Ike
Congressional Drive
Gathers Momentum

U.S. Offers




Embattled Jordan;

WASHINGTON (-) - George
Meany, AFL-CIO president, yes-
terday told Dave Beck, belea-
guered Teamsters Union president,
that his suspension as an AFL-
CIO officer stands despite Beck's
claim his ouster was an illegal
Beck immediately went into a
huddle with his lawyers and fel-
low Teamsters Union chiefs to de-
cide their next moves in defend-
ing Beck and the union itself from
AFL-CIO charges stemming from
Senate Rackets Committee hear-

It appeared that a showdown
might be in the making on Beck's
status as teamster's boss.
The union's most pressing im-
mediate problem was whether to
make an appearance on May 6 be-
fore the AFL-CIO Ethical Prac-
tices Committee on charges the
union wasrsubstantially domin-
ated by corrupt influences.
Meany, in one of three letters
released yesterday, expressed "sin-
cere hope" the union would avail
itself of this opportunity to defend
itself, but said the charges were

going to be "processed" regard-
C .iinltfinn rh hrP Cra. ain ct h

Segregation Ruled Out
In Philadelphia College
WASHINGTON (P)- The Supreme Court yesetrday ruled out ra-
cial segregation in Philadelphia's Girard College, which for 109 years
has admitted only "poor white male orphans" as specified in the will
of its founder.
In a unanimous, unsigned decision, the court held that the board
of directors of City Trust of Philadelphia, which administers the
school, is an agency of the State of Pennsylvania.
Therefore, even though the board was acting as a trustee, the
court said its refusal to admit two boys to the school "because they
">were Negroes was discrimination

t~orrupukW chargesIa e WASHINGTON (;')-A biparti-
union presumably would include
Beck's own admissions in inter san drive to cut President Dwight
Views that he used some $300,000 D. Eisenhower's $71,800 million
toi$4s0,000ainheadsmer$s fndsbudget gathered momentum in
to $400,000 in teamsters funds Congress yesterday despite fresh
for his personal affairs. diitaio eitne
Beck refused to tell the Senate administration resistance.
Rackets Committee about this un- The Senate's Republican and
der oath, invoking the Fifth Democratic leaders flattened any
Amendment. administration hopes that Con-
He also refused to repeat under1 gress members may have returned
oath his assertions to reporters from their Easter vacataion with
that he repaid the teamsters cooling ardor for economy.
money. Sens. William Knowland of Cal-
Beck earlier had written Meany ifornia, the GOP leader, and Lyn-
his March 29 suspension as an don B. Johnson of Texas, the
AFL-CIO vice president and coun- Democratic chieftain, expressed
cil member was a "nullity" be- the identical views in separate in-
cause he said ouster of an AFL- formal news conferences that
CIO officer could only come at an their colleagues came back to
AFL-CIO convention and, also, Washington more determined
had to be based on improper ac- than ever to reduce spending,
tivities as an AFL-CIO officer. Strong Demands
Meany's reply yesterday was Sen. Johnson said that in his 20
that the Council is empowered to years in House and Senate serv-
take whatever action is necessary ice he had "never seen such strong
to "safeguard and promote the demands" for economy in govern-
best interests of the Federation." ment.
He said the Council suspended The Democratic leader. Eaho
Beck in March because it decided toured Texas during the Laster
"certain actions on your part very vacation, said he found the people
definitely endangered the AFL- there "considerably concerned"
CIO itself and jeopardized the about business conditions.
best interests of the general mem- He added that the April 15
bership of the trade union move- "bite" of income tax payments
ment." had heightened demands for
"I think there will be material
av savings made in President Eisen-
hower's budget," he said.
He added he doesn't want to
Pa B b "grab any figure out of the air"
in predicting the amount of re-
Took Vacation
Beuendof1 Sen. Knowland, who made brief
trips to California and Florida
WASHINGTON (P) - Texar- f during the vacation period, said
kana, Tex., manufacturer testi- he found "no diminution in inter-
fied yesterday he paid a Teamster est in economy in the country.
Union official, with government' "The members who have re-
knowledge and Navy funds, to let turned from talking to the people
his trucks enter a federal depot. at home say the desire for econ-
Then Earl P. Bettendorf, the omy has been accentuated, if any-
Mnanufacturer, followed up by say- thing," Sen. Knowland said.
ing it was extortion and "I didn't Some of President Eisenhower'sr
consider it a bribe." advisers were reported as believing'
Bettendorf who has plants at the pressure among the lawmakersI
Ashdown, Ark., and Sandston, Va., for budget cuts might have been
told the Senate Rackets Investi- lessened by talking with voters at
gating Committee the Navy gave home.
him $18,591.30 "so the union could '
be paid off." Ike To Tal
Didn't Explain All

Nixon Calls U
Necessary; Ai
WASHINGTON (P) -Vice-Preside
United States Chamber of Commerce ye
but "sound" for the government to sper
year beginning July 1.
The chamber is advocating a $4,471
Defending President Dwight D. Eise
ber's 45th annual meeting, Vice-Preside
hower had already given Americans the
was now pressing for new sav-O-----

Suez Closing
Costs Navy
.. /!
$8 Million
WASHINGTON ()-Closing of
the Suez Canal cost the United
States Navy eight million dollars
in extra fuel transportation
And the State Department
doen't expect to collect on all of
its bills for evacuating private
American citizens and foreigners
from the troubled area.
These financial footnotes to the
Middle East crisis showed up in
testimony given earlier this month
to a House Appropriations sub-
committee considering bills to tid
over until June 30 government de-
partments which spent more than
they anticipated.
The testimony was made public
Operations Increased
Adm. R. J. Arnold told the
subcommittee that last fall "fleet
operations in the Mediterranean
area were increased and at the
same time our source for petrole-
um products in that area dried up
due to the closure of the canal."
Asa result, he said, "we were
Sobliged to redistribute stocks of
oil which we had in storage in
the continental United States."
Getting these stocks out to the
Mediterranean and making the
necessary readjustments at home
cost $4,014, the admiral said.
Then, he continued, a tanker
shortage developed so that the
Navy had to concentrate some of
its aviataion fuels at Navy depots
where they could be picked up.
Needed Pipelines
This involved pipeline and ship-
ping costs to the tune of $3,182,-
000, Arnold said.
Finally, he said, the Military
Sea Transportation Service, which
was doing some of the transport-
ing, found its costs going up and
raised the bill to the Navy $804,-
State Department witnesses told
the subcommittee the department
evacuated from Egypt, Israel, Jor-
dan and Syria, after the fighting
began, some 3,213 persons, in-
cluding 233 who were employes
of the department itself or their
The cost ran to about one mil-
lion dollars.
Some of the Americans taken
out, McQuaid said, were employes
of large American corporations,
which have said they will pay. As
for the rest, McQuaid said:
"We don't anticipate frankly
collecting very much. We are still
trying to collect from the first
World War."
Guartet PlaysI

by the state."
'Such discrimination is forbid-
den by the 14th Amendment," it
The court cited its 1954 decision
holding racial segregation in pub-
lic schools to be unconstitutional.
French - born Stephen Girard,
who amassed a vast fortune as a
miner, merchant and banker, left
most of his estate to Philadelphia
for various municipal purposes
when he died in 1831, 80 years old.
A major bequest was two million
dollars to establish Girard College.
The will named the City of Phil-
adelphia as trustee to set up and
operate a school for "poor white
male orphans."
The case in which the court act-
ed yesterday began in February
1954, when William Ash Foust and
Robert Felder applied for admis-
sion to the school.
The board of directors at City
Trust adopted a resolution reject-
ing their applications as contrary
to Girard's will.
Health Better
WASHINGTON (M)-Sen. Joseph
R. McCarthy (R-Wis.) was re-
ported yesterday to be slightly
improved but still in serious con-
dition at Bethesda Naval Hospital.
The illness of Sen. McCarthy,
who has been in an oxygen tent
since he was admitted to the hos-
pital at 5 p.m. Sunday, was diag-
nosed as acute hepatitis, or inflam-
mation of the liver.
"His condition is considered seri-
ous but not critical," a hospital
spokesman said. "He is slightly
improved from yesterday morning,
He, said Sen. McCarthy was "re-
sponding well" to treatment.
There was no indication how
long the senator would be in the
An aide in Sen. McCarthy's office
said the senator had not com-
plained of being ill last week.
Twice during the past two years
Sen. McCarthy has been treated at
Bethesda Naval Hospital in nearby
Maryland for a wartime knee in-

"This budget is high," Vice-
President Nixon said, "but this
budget is a balanced budget and it
is the third balanced budget in a
row to be submitted by President
The American people have re-
ceived the largest dollar tax cut
in history - seven billion dollars
as a result of the fiscal policies of
this administration."
About 60 per cent of the budget
reflects outlays for national se-
curity, Vice-President Nixon said.
"I know you will agree that we
should never risk our freedom and
security in shortsighted attempts
to cut costs today," he added.
Vice-President Nixon was warm-
ly applauded by the 3,000 delegates
and guests at the chamber's open-
ing session.
He put in a good word for the
administration's foreign aid pro-
U.S. May Pay
40 .Per Cent
States government proposes to pay
about 40 per cent of the cost of
maintaining a United Nations
Emergency Force in the troubled
Middle East.
Soviet Russia has declined to pay
any part of the expenses of the
international force which was dis-
patched to the area where the
British, French, Israelis and Egyp-
tianas were fighting last fall.
Asst. Secretary of State Francis
0. Wilsox told a House Appropria-
tions subcommittee about the fi-
nancial arrangements at a closed
session April 2.
Wilcox, asking for approval of a,
$7,464,384 special appropriation to
help the State Department meet
its obligations through June 30,
said it includes $6,583,000 for the
United States share of the UNEF
He said the cost of the expedi-
tion originally was estimated at 10
million dollars and UN members
were assessed on the same formula
that determines their regular dues.
The United States regularly meets
one-third of the UN budget, so
its share of the 10 million was set
at $3,333,000.
However, Wilcox said, the cost
of the force rose until another 6 /2
million dollars was budgeted by
the UN for the remainder of 1957.
The United States offered, subject
to congressional approval, to pay
half the extra cost, or an addi-
tional 3% million.

m o
by t
in S

To Accepallt A id
Russian Says.
J.S. Budget U.S. 'Culprit
thacks Cuts In Mid-East
nt Richard M. Nixon told the
sterday it is not only necessary Moscow Radio Calls
nd $71,800 million in the fiscal Situation Dangerous
7,000,000 cut in appropriations. AMMAN, Jordan (') - The
enhower's budget at the chain- United States yesterday offered 10
nt Nixon said President Eisen- million dollars in economic aid to
biggest tax cut in history and King Hussein's new anti-Com-
munist government.
Jordan indicated immediate ac-
ceptance. Talks began at once on
ways to put the money to quick,
use in this troubled, poverty-
Ten . stricken Middle East kingdom.
w ardsL Lincoln White, State Depart-
ment press officer, said in Wash-
ington the 10 million dollars is
e oibeing made available in response
to a Jordanian government request
last weekend.
By DIANE LaBAKAS The Soviet Union called the
)hn Simon Guggenheim Me- United States the "main culprit"
r i a 1 Foundation fellowships in the Jordanian crisis.
e been awarded to 10 Univer- A Foreign Office statement
faculty members. broadcast by Moscow Radio. said
he awards are a part of a re- the situation is dangerous and
number 'of fellowships total- could lead to "grave consequences."
$1,500,000 awarded by the The Jordan radio heard in Cairo
n Simon Guggenheim Memo- said Hussein and King Saud had
Foundation. agreed in their surprise talks in
he kind of grants presented Saudi Arabia Sunday that the Jor-
pend on the seniority and repu- dan crisis was an internal affair.
on of the recipient," Prof. The new Jordan aid offer was
rles L. Dolph, one fellowship announced by the United States
ner, said. Embassy soon after Jordan's For-
he fellowships are granted to eign Ministery emphasized it
ens of unusual capacity for wants nothing to do with President
)arly research, demonstrated Dwight D. Eisenhower's Middle
he previous publication of con- East Doctrine-possibly for inter-
utions to knowledge of high nal political reagons.
it, and to persons of unusual The aid is proffered outside the
proven creative ability in the framework which provides military
arts. as well as economic support to any
rof. Dolph of the mathematics Middle East nation requesting help
artment won a fellowship -for to resist Communist aggression.
research in partial differential The United States Embassy an-
ations as tlhey occur in the nouncement said the offer was
lied mathematical fields of made in recognition of "the brave
tering and fluid mechanics. He steps taken by His Majesty King
spend a year in Europe. Hussein and the government and
study of suspended judgment people of Jordan to maintain the
hakespeare's plays won Prof. integrity and independence of their
Shaespares lay wo Prf. ato.
hur M. Eastman of the English nation.
artment a fellowship.
rof. Karl F. Lagler, of the zo- Russia Claims
y department won his fellow-
with a study of the riverine U .S.SixthFleet
eries of Western Europe.
fellowship went to Prof. Max Spells Danger
r of Far Eastern art for his
ly of the Chinese landscape els D nr

Bettendorf said his total pay-
ments were around $4,000. He did
not testify as to what happened
to the other $14,000.
The witness, appearing at his
own request in order to correct
what he said were injustices done
him by previous testimony before
the committee, saidhthe payoffs
were made to Joseph McHugh,4 a
business agent of a teamsters lo-
cal at Scranton, Pa., in order to
insure delivery of his merchan-
dise to the U.S. Army Signal Corps
depot at Tobyhanna, Pa.
Government Knew
"I was paying him a bribe," he
said at one point. "I paid it with
the complete knowledg of the
United States government."
But a moment later he was say-
ing he didn't consider it a bribe.
Not so with Sen. John Kennedy
(D-Mass), who said it was a bribe,
"there is no other word for it,"
and "a bribe is against the law."
"I was paying him with govern-
ment money," Bettendorf de-
He repeated over and over that
the government knew what was
going on and said that he coop-
erated with the FBI on the case
for two years.

With Leaders
Of Congress !
AUGUSTA, Ga. - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday
called Democratic and Republican
congressional leaders to a May 9
conference in Washington on
the administration's $4,400,000,000
foreign aid program.
The program already is under
attack in some quarters in Con-
gress as too costly, even in ad-
vance of its formal presentation.
Plans for the bipartisan confer-
ence and for the special message
were announced as the President
near the end of his Southland va-
Some Congress members have
been demanding substantial re-
duction of the budget and many
have centered their attacks on the
foreign aid program.
At the May 9 White Houses con-
ference top congressional leaddrs
of both parties will be joined by
Democratic and Republican dele-
gations from the Foreign Affairs,
Appropriations and Armed Serv-
ices committees of both the Senate
and House.


painting of the five dynasties and MOSCOW (P)-The Soviet Un-
Northern Sung. J ion charged last night that the
Other fellowships went to Prof. United States increased the dan-
Sidney Fine of the history depart- ger of war in the Middle East by
ment, Prof. George Makdisi, who sending the powerful 6th Fleet to
will spend one year in Paris and the eastern Mediterranean.
Istanbul; Prof. Erich H. Rothe of A Foreign Ministry statement
the mathematics department, Prof. pictured the United States as
Mahinder S. Uberoi of the school leading a sinister Western plot to
of engineering, and Prof. Herbert deprive the Arab countries of their
C. Youtie of papyrology. freedom, and cast the Soviet Un-
ion itself in the role of the Arabs'
e friend.
Brueker Cites The statement was broadcast
by Moscow radio and heard in
Troop Mobl1*-t yLondon.
Summaries of the declaration
were broadcast twice in the early
WASHINGTON (,') -Secretary Moscow Arabic program with an
of the Army Wilbur Brucker said announcement that the full text
yesterday the United States could would be repeated in Arabic to-
get troops into Jordan "in a matter day.
of days - not weeks or months" Assessed as a whole, the state-
if the occasion should arise. ment was relatively mild by So-
He said the United States has a viet standards.
number of divisions "that are There was no hint that the So-
completely ready, equipped and viet Union planned to send "vol-
able to be air transported and unteers" to the oil rich Middle
dropped. East.
"We have an air lift waiting for The Foreign Ministry said Jor-
that purpose," he added. dan's government had been sub-
He would not give an estimate jected for the past two to three
on the number of troops in readi- weeks to "rude pressure from the
ness, but said it would be "enough outside, accompanied by threats
to meet the emergency." The to disintegrate its territory."
United States 6th Fleet already Recent changes in the Jordan
is in the general area. governmentthatrun counter to
______________Kremlin interests were passed
-{aover with the remark that "such
rrest Student 'questions are exclusively the in-
r sdternal affair of each country."
The statement charged recent
Donald C. Ellison, '57E, was f troubles in the Middle East arise
arrested early Sunday morning for from a desire of "American bil-
drnkenness and disorderliness af- lionitaires" to become rulers of the
ter he and Douglas G. Lewis, '59, area.

Music Society's May Festival To Open Thursday

The 64th season of the annual
May Festival will open Thursday1
under the sponsorship of the Uni-
versity Music Society.
Under the direction of CharlesE
A. Sink, Society president, top
notch performers are scheduled
to appear before Ann Arbor audi-
ences during the Festival from
May 3-5.
Eugene. Ormandy, conductor of
the Philadelphia Orchestra will
open the season with an all-Beet-
hoven program.
Renowned Pianist

mediate success and was favorably
reviewed in the nations press as a
new institution of lasting value. In
the succeeding years, the numbers
of performances has increased
from the original three to six.
The history of the May Festival
includes a listing of the worlds
top-notch musicians. Leading sym-
phony orchestras, operatic and
concert stage soloists perform
yearly in the concerts at Hill audi-
Variety of Works
Choral, operatic and symphonic


V _ _ _ _ _ i


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