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April 27, 1957 - Image 6

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1957-04-27

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PAGE 81X

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

SATURDAY, AP M 27,1957

PAGK SIX THE MICHIGAN DAILY SATURDAY, API~[L 27,1957

BACKGROUND AND INTERPRETIVE:
Jordan Holds Crucial Position in Arab

By DAVID TAR1R
The shaky regime of King Hus-
sein in Jordan, which appears to
be rapidly stabilizing, is probably
causing as many cases of ulcers in
Cairo and Moscow as it is in the
Western world.
The importance of the changing
political complexion in Jordan is
best seen against the current trend
of fanatic Arab nationalism as
personified in Egypt's President
Gamal Abdel Nasser. He has a
great plan for the Middle East
which includes destruction of Is-
rael, organization of an Arab
federation, to be run from Cairo,
and eradication of all Western and
imperialist controls.
But his plan may have hit a
snag in Jordan. That country was
created as a British mandate after
World War I and remained a pro-
tectorate until very recently.
Britain Gave Money
Britain gave her money to exist,
stationed troops there, and was
able to effectively control it until
recently. The actual Kingdom of
Jordan was formed in 1948 out of
the old British mandate of Trans-
jordan, as it had been known.
In 1951 the present King Hus-
sein's grandfather, King Abdullah,
was assassinated. After a political
struggle, Hussein became king in
1953 as a boy of 18 who. at first,
paid little attention to affaijs of
state.
But Jordan is a vital part of
Nasser's plan and soon came under
pressure from Egypt and Britain to
follow different courses. The latter
'wanted her to line up in a pro-
Western bloc of Moslem states in-
cluding Iraq. Egypt wanted Jordan
as part of the anti-Western coali-
tion of Egypt, Syria and Saudi
Arabia.
Attempt Failed
An attempt a year ago last
December by the British to bring
Jordan into the West's Baghdad
Pact was a failure. Communist and
Egyptian influence spread in Jor-
dan and eventually Egypt, Syria
and Saudi Arabia began to pick up
the bill for support of the kingdom
that lad been paid by Britain.

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Politics
ficult position. He indicated that
Nasser's world may have developed
a serious crack in its front.
"Evidently," he said, "American
diplomacy has penetrated some-
what into the area. Probably the
conference between King Saud and
President Eisenhower and the Eis-
enhower Doctrine have extended
influence on the recent events in
Jordan.
"But it must also be considered
that the rulers of the Mid-Eastern
nations have realized they may be
out of job some day if the present
social order is changed as it may
be under Naser's leadership."
Hope for Moderation
Experts on the Middle East have
written in recent days that there
is little chance Hussein will join
the West. They say a large Pales-
tinian faction in Jordan would
cause real trouble.
The most that can be hoped,
they explain, is that Saudi Arabia
and Jordan together push a mod-
erate Arab nationalism instead of
the fanatical one of Nasser. This
would leave Egypt with only Syria
as a close ally which might push
Nasser into an anti-Communist
line himself.
Still Problems
Although Hussein appears to be
making a strong stand in his move
against Communists and Nasser-
ism, he still faces problems.
Syria still has troops inside Jor-
dan. They were sent there last
fall ostensibly to protect Jordan
from Israel.
Iraq, which is ruled by Hussein's
Hashemite cousin, King Faisal, is
reported to have sent a demand
to Syria and to Egypt-that the
Syrians remove these troops. And
possibly most important is Nasser's.
immense popularity with the mass-
es throughout the Arab world.

DAC Board'
nnounces
New Chiefs
The Board of Directors of the
Dramatic Arts Center recently,
elected its officers for the coming
year.
The new officers are Mr. Richard
M. Robinson, president; Prof. Wil-
fred Kaplan, vice-president; Mrs.
Nan Conlin, secretary; and Mr.
Percy O. Danforth, treasurer.
As a result of the election and
subsequent appointments, the
board consists of the officers and
Mrs. Ethel M. Bibicoff, Mrs. Jessie
Coller, Prof. Marvin Felheim of
the English department, Dr. Thom-
as D. Gilson and Mrs. Sarah Graf.
Other members of the board are
Mrs. Robin Hall, Mr. Richard J.
Mann, Mr. Conrad Matthael, Mrs.
Burnette Staebler, Mrs. Ellen B.
Wilt and Mrs. Phyllis Wright.
The board is planning to contin-
ue the children's program and the
play reading group, as well as
sponsoring other dramatic activi-
ties in Ann Arbor. A meeting to
consider continuation of the pro-
gram is planned for May 21.
The Center previously produced
its programs at the Masonic Tem-
ple, but this space has been taken
over by the Bendix Corporation.

Organization Notices
Roger Williams Fellowship, fellow- University of Michigan Folk Dancers,
ship program ,April 28, 6:45, Chapman a program of basic and intermediate
Room, Dr. Devadutt of Colgate-Roches- couple dances, April 29, 7:30-10:00, Lane
ter Divinity School will discuss the Hall.
Christian Church and how it helps man * * *
in the struggles in the world today. Graduate Outing Club, hike and sup-
* s * per, April 28, 2:00 p.m., Rackham.
Roger Williams Fellowship, student * * *
class continues its study of the books Michigan Christian Fellowship, lece-
of the Old Tstament, April 28, 9:45 a.m. ture, April 28, 4:00, Lane Hall. Speaker:
Guild House. Dr. Edward J. Young. "The Teacher
* " * of Righteousness and Jesus Christ."
Roger Williams Fellowship, retreat in * * *
cooperation with the student group at The Congrgational and Disciples Stu-
Ypsilanti, April 27, 1:30, meet at the dent Guild, April 28, 7:00, Memorial
Guild House. Dr. Devadutt will lead Christian Church, Speaker: Mr. Bill
the discussion. Swing, Field Representative of United
* * * Student Fellowship.
The Congregational and Disciples * *
Student Guild, annual Guild-Alumni The Congregational and Disciples
Banquet, April 27, 6:00, First Congrega- Student Guild, April 28, 9:20 a.m., Guild
tional Church. House. Discussion: "Intellectual Prob-
r* * * lems in Religion."
Wesley-Kappa Phi, "almost May Mel- * * *
odee" dance, April 27, 9:00, Wesley N.A.A.C.P., Polk Sing., April 24, 7:30-
Lounge. 10:00, Lane Hall (Fireside Room.)
SEE THE WV"INNERS
CONTEST WINNING PHOTOS IN:
*CAMPUS
* HOME TOWN
" SPORTS
* TRAVEL
ON DISPLAY 3RD FLOOR CONFERENCE ROOM
MICHIGAN UNION

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7

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Britain's influence in the country
was over.
But King Hussein has since be-
gun to fear the influence that Nas-
ser and the Communists have
shown in his country. In February
he ordered his Premier to clamp
down on this activity. The Premier,
being oriented toward Moscow, re-
fused and ten days ago was fired.
Jordan in the past critical weeks
has been treading a dangerous
path between West and East. At
the moment Hussein appears to
be rejecting Egypt and Nasser
and, if not leaning toward the
West, at least trying to look
straight ahead.
Drift from Nasser?
The real headaches for Moscow
and Cairo is that other Arab

countries are or have drifted from
Nasser's leadership.
Both Egypt and Syria (the latter
bordering on Jordan) have cast
aggressive rooks at King Hussein
in recent days. But Saudi Arabia,
a country many believed to be a
member in good standing of Nas-
ser's league, and definitely pro-
Western Iraq, have indicated they
will come to Jordan's aid if she
is invaded.
Further, the United States has

sent its Sixth Fleet to the Eastern
Mediterranean as a show of force.'
The implication is that Jordan,
under the Eisenhower Doctrine,
might be eligible for U.S. military
assistance if trouble arose. It is,
however, doubtful that Egypt and
Syria are militarily strong enough
to invade Jordan.
Prof. Philip Taylor of the politi-
cal science department said yes-
terday that these factors have
placed Nasser in an extremely dif-

11

MICHIGAN CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP
invites you to hear
Dr. Edward J. Young
Professor of Old Testament at Westminster Theological Seminary
Speaking on
The Teacher of Righteousness and Jesus Christ
-a discussion of the Dead Sea Scrolls
4 P.M. SUNDAY AT LANE HALL

GOOD BOOKS -
-BOB MARSHALL'S

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Catering at Your Home or Hall Henry Turner, Prop.

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