C hr 11ritigan, Daily
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
"Let Me Know When You Decide Somethin
"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Wi Prevail"
SPEECH DEPT. PLAY:
RcadII But Impressive
ONE CANNOT fail to be impressed by the, Speech Department's cur-
rent production of Shakespeare's "Richard III." A great deal of
meticulous care has obviously gone into its making, coupled with a
good deal of skill. The result, however, is a faulty presentation that
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
FRIDAY, APRIL 26, 1957 NIGHT EDITOR: EDWARD GERULDSEN
Stiff C Penalties
IFO TOOK a commendably strong step Tues- IS CHIEFLY with this incident in mind
day night in its action on fraternities who that campus IFC's have outlawed "kidnap-
held pledge activities away from house grounds. ping", and made pledge activities outside the
The denial of 'social activities for both fray fraternity house illegal.
ternities, including pledge formals, constituted Yet fraternities refuse'to take these bylaws
a much stiffer sentence than the fine. Even at seriously. Not only is the normal potential dan-
its limitof $100, the fine means comparatively ger ignored, but the possibility is denied, with
little to a fraternity of any size,. as long as the strong existing traditions of "kidnappings"
it can be spread over the members. extant, a pledge class may increase these dan-
These fraternity pranks and Greek attitudes gers.
to them can be classed with the popular atti- IFC has properly realized that these tradi-
tude toward drinking - it's illegal, but many tions must become ancient customs, and it
do it anyhow. was with this in, mind that strong penalties
The Lambda Chi Alpha action Tuesday iight were imposed.
was apparently well organized, and probably But, in spite of pledge president assemblies,
quite "safe." Of course, as was implicitly ar- house president's duties, and the existence of
gued, the boat might have been sunk, the easily-read University Regulations handbooks,
pledges' car might have crashed, or the actives ignorance was claimed of these regulations.
might have met. harm on the island, despite Disciplinary action such as this sets an ex-
the pledge class president's statement that ample, perhaps the best one. Under present
there was an occupied house within a hundred circumstances, the penalties were undoubtedly
feet of the stranding-point of the actives. ncesayutheirenateswyrefundobtl
But it appears that, however sanely these necessary, but their necessity reflects back to
projects can be planned, a group of pledges (or a basic ignorance of the implications.
actives, in a hazing mood) are, going to forget IFC has not failed in their responsibility to
a possible safety factor. The MIT incident is "educate" their members in this respect. But
a good example. A student, left on a frozen the education has not stuck, and penalties ap-
lake, accidentally stumbled onto a weak spot, pear to be the next step..
fell in and drowned. --ROBERT S. BALL, JR.
Due-A Committee Report
promises more than it delivers. It
times striking. But it is almost
out excitement is only half-thea-
The main problem is pacing.
"Richard III" is far from a perfect
play, but it has a workable struc-
ture of growth. As the scenes pro-
gress the machinations take on
more meaning, the scope of Rich-
ard's character grows larger, the
picture broadens. All right, per-
haps this structure is found in any
good play, but Director James W.
Brock largely loses it here. The
action, up until the war with Rich-
mond, does not intensify, and the
character of Richard does not be-
come more interesting. There is
a quality of sameness that makes
the play seem static and when the
Richmond episode comes, it sud-
denly lifts the play to a level of
interest not achieved before. Such
a change in pacing is too sudden,
although what follows is the best
stuff of the night.
* * *
is interesting, yes, and it is some-
never exciting, and theatre with-
bN4S'? -t *E 4ais$44 bifrW. iPar'WO
Drought Program Scandal
By DREW PEARSON
SPRING is traditionally becoming such an
unpleasant season for University adminis-
trators who, despite public opinion, continue
to ask students for more money. It was just
a little over a year ago, April 12, 1956, to be
exact, that students living, in the Residence
Halls were told they would be paying $20 more
for room and board this year.
The students got mad, the Inter-House
Council got mad, the Board of Governors of
the Residence Halls got mildly upset and the
administration got its additional $20. Now
spring is here again and administrators are
being disliked even more than last year because
a'room ahd board hike plus a tuition increase
But from among the usual and traditional
explanations surrounding the increase came
one productive move - the establishment of
a committee under the Board of Governors,
composed of two faculty members, two admin-
istrators and two students, to "consider the
And IU' Faculty
CONGRATULATIONS and thanks are in order
this week for two outstanding faculty mem-
Prof. Louis I. Bredvold of the English depart-
ment and Prof. Elman Rogers Service of the
anthropology department have both been hon-
ored by their colleges as outstanding scholars
and teachers. Prof. Bredvold yesterday delivered
the 1957 Henry Russel lecture, discussing "Some
Basic Issues of the 18th Century," and Prof.
Service received this year's Russell Award.
It is to these me'n, and others like them, that
we must ;be consciously grateful. If a university
approaches excellence in any way, we may see
at its heart dedicated scholars continually sacri-
ficing their research for teaching. This assumes
even greater meaning when one considers the
watchwords of all academic communities, "Pub-
lish or Perish."
It will in no way diminish the honor of the
Mussel awards if we extend their significance
to the faculty that singled out Prof. Bredvold
and Prof. Service, a body of men excelling in
scholarship and distinguished as teachers.
entire area of future room and board increases
in Residence Halls."
THE MEMBERSHIP of the committee was
appointed only last November, however, but
when it was, extremely qualified personnel were
sejected. How this group interprets the word
,"consider" in the Board motion that estab-
lished it is the key to its success.
We hope it has a comprehensive written re-
port on the financial status of the Residence
Halls nearly ready for release. Already, the
group has one strike against it from the remark
of its chairman last October that "much of the
information would be highly confidential."
But how much is "much?" Was this commit-
tee intended only to soothe the ruffled feelings.
of students at the time of the $20 increase, or
has it considered all facets of Residence Hall
finance and made a sincere effort to- find
ways to save students some money. We may
never know, but certainly not until - if ever--
they release a report of their work.
Of An Ostrich
THE PARTIAL lifting of the ban on newsmen
travelling to Communist China, though be-
lated and grudgingly given, is a slight but
hopeful sign that the United States is waking
up to the realities of power politics in the Far
Secretary of State Dulles necessarily laid
down several conditions limiting correspon-
dents' trips to China. After adamantly denying
correspondents permission to enter China for
so long, he had to appear reluctant in backing
down, even though slightly.
The vast and potentially powerful People's
Republic of China, 600 million people strong,
is throwing more and more weight around in
international affairs. To date, the United
States government has chosen to largely ig-
nore this. The American people know little of
what is going on inside China.
Yet Americans expect their leaders to chart
an intelligent course as the leader of the free
world with little knowledge of the capabilities
or intentions of one of its major opponents.
Maybe the lifting of the press ban on China
will prove to be the first tug in pulling our
collective heads out of the proverbial sand.
ONE OF THE worst scandals
inside the Agriculture Depart-
ment is the manner in which big
farmers have cashed in on the
Emergency Drought Program, with
little or no supervision from Secre-
tary Ezra Benson's boys.
The feed program was estab-
lished to help stricken farmers feed
their cattle during the drought
winters. It was not supposed to
help big farmers, especially those
with other means of livelihood.
The emphasis was Placed on
"need." However in Pratt, Kansas,
Richard Robbins and his brother,
Ed Robbins, have been drawing
substanti&I drought benefits.
Richard Robbins is a director of
the Santa Fe Railroad, was former
president of Pennsylvania Central
Airlines, former president of
Trans-World Airlines, and has
other business interests. He is suffi-
ciently well fixed to belong to the
Yale Club and the University Club
in New York, the Park Hill Coun-
try Club in Pratt, Kans., the Alle-
gheny Country Club in Pittsburgh,
the Wichita Club in Wichita, and
the Graduates Club in New Haven.
He has also been a strong Repub-
lican and was, a delegate to the
GOP National Convention in 1940.
DESPITE THIS, he and his
brother drew on the Benson
Drought Relief Program for 173,-
060 pounds of cottonseed cake,
2,215 bushels of corn; and 1,500
bushels of oats up to February,
Again in 195, the, Robbins
ranches in Chase County, Kans..
requested 644,000 pounds of feed
grains. The application was signed
by Evan Kroger, manager. The
application was okayed and 515,000
pounds of feed authorized. Wheth-
er the Robbins brothers own both
land r( cattle in Chase county
could not be ascertained.
In Comanche County, Kanse., Ed
Robbins pays taxes on both land
and cattle. Richard i obbins isn't
listed. Here 3,333,000 pounds of
feed grain was requested and 2,-
323,000 was authorized.
Either Secretary Benson's boys
don't want to know about this or
are covering up. Persistent at-
tempts by this column to fmnd out
how much drought relief was being
used by big farmers generalby and
the Rebbins brothers specifically
When Kermit Hansen. head of
Farmers Home Administration,
was asked how much the Robbins
larothers received, he replied:
"Well, I don't know. I'm in a
peculiar spot. That would be di-
vulging personal information, and
I might get my neck in a noose. I
don't mean to be uncooperative,
but I don't know how to approach
it. I know I'm sparring with you,
but I'm not just passing thae buck.
The Emergency Program is hand-
led in the Secretary'; office. We'
merely implement it under the
direction of Ken Scott in the Sec-
retary's office. The Emergency Pro-
The star of V. K. Krishna Men-
on, Nehru's spokesman in the
United Nations, is very much on
He has just won a seat in the
lower house of the Indian parlia-
ment, which gives him a strong
political base at home. Motion pic-
tures of his performance before the
UN Security Council have been
shown all over India to applauding
Pres. Gamal Nasser of Egypt
trusts Krishna Menon and re-
cently spent two days in confer-
ence with him, presumably dis-
cussing a plan for breaking the
deadlock over Suez Canal Tolls.
In- short, Asia's number one
fellow-traveler is being groomed to
gram becomes too hot for us to
Wesley D'Ewart was next quer-
ied. He is the ex-Conglessman
from Montana, who later ran for
the Senate, and is now ass!stant to
Ken Scott, director of credit serv-
ices. Asked what the Agriculture
Department was doing to pievent
the misuse of arought relief funds,
D'Ewart gave this long and in-
* * *
"THE GOVERNMENT requires
the President to designate the area
as a disaster area. -Then Civil
Defense is responsible, but it dele-
gates the agricultural end to the
Secretary of Agriculture. If they
want a hay program, we have the
state and each county set up a
disaster committee and then the
farmers make application to the
county committee and in turn to
the state committee. Then the
state makes its recommendation
to the Secretary,
"The Secretary also sends an
experienced field man to look over
the situation and make sure it
qualifies under the law as a major
disaster area for drought assist-
ance," concluded D'Ewart.
"But how does Agriculture check
up to see which farmers are actu-,
ally getting the aid?" D'Ewart was
"The farmers make application
to f heir county disaster committee
and they recommend," D'Ewart
replied, which, of course, added
"But we have a case where aid
went to people who obviously
didn't need it. How does your office
police such abuses?" D'Ewart was
"First, you Aave the county
drought committee," he replied.
"They know the people who live
in the county. They issue the man
a certificate within the regulations,
one of which is 'need'. If there are
any reports of misuse, we have in-
vestigators we can send in.
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
GEORGE WARD'S portrayal of
Richard has merit, but it, too, is
responsible for letting the play's
interest lag. To be sure, this is a
tough part because it is not en-
tirely three-dimensional. The dif-
ficult job of the actor is to give
this villain some credulity,,to make
him human. Ward, however, plays
it too much on one level. It needs
coloring up and it needs some
The humor, for instance, which
appears in the play at odd times
is completely, absent from his
characterzation and, in fact, from
the whole production. We do not
follow, enthralled, the workings
of the twisted mind, mainly be-
cause there is a lack of depth in
this Richard. For most of the play
he ranges from vicious to impu-
Ward is excellent at times,
though, and in the dream sequence
and the scene wherein Richard
wins over the queen he is especially
notable. The character's physical
deformity is lessened greatly, by
the way, and the twisted hand
which he uses to condemn Hast-
ings comes as a surprise sice it
has been absent before. Perhaps
this is intentional, but I'm not sure
of the wisdom in it.
The rest of the cast ranges from
excellent to poor. Bailey Carroll
does a fine job as Buckingham and
incidentally makes him a more
interesting character than Rich-
ard. Thanks go also to Howard
Green, Susan Goldberg, Reginald
Graham, Catherine Campbell and
John Klein for effective perform-
* /* C
ALTHOUGH his approach to
the contents of the play lacks
subtlety, Director Brock has creat-
ed some striking physical staging.
A word of high praise goes to Mar-
jorie Smith for her fabulous, stun-
The lighting however, was the
major villain last night. Aside
from the annoying clickety-click
every time the lights dimmed, the
cyclorama resembled a color chart
as every hue in the rainbow drift-
ed lazily and without any apparent
pattern across the sy.,It was most
Whether br not "Richard III"
is an authentic tragedy, last
night's small attendance was a
major one. When students devote
all their effort to a production of
this size and scope, it is worth see-
ing. And a larger audience might
have helped last night's showing.
In any case, "Richard III' is a
noble effort and if it has only
partially succeeded it is still to the
credit of the Speech Department.
(Editor's Note: Letters to the Edi-
tor must be signed, in good taste, and
not more than 300 words in length.
The Daily reserves the right to edit
or withhold letters from publication.)'
Effective .. .
To the Editor:
I WOULD like to congratulate you
on the mature sense of values
which you expressed on the edi-
toial page of Easter Sunday's
Daily. I belieye that your decision
to print a photograph of the Cross
instead of your regular political
cartoon was in excellent taste. It
shows that you are sensitive to the
ideals of your readers, and also
that you too can place value upon
that which deserves it.
How much less effective a politi-
cal cartoon would have been. On
at least one day a year it is com-
toxtingF to not be reminded by a
cartoon that Beck is a scoundrel,
or that the Kremlin has just re-
jected another plan for peace. On
this one day when men raise their
eyes from the baseness of every-
The Daily Official Bulletin Us an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michi-
gan Daily assumes noheditorial re-
sponsibility. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Ropm
3553 Administration Building, be-
fore 2 p.m. the day *preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
FRIDAY, APRIL 26, 1957
VOL, LXVII, NO. 144
Women students living in the Mar-
tha Cook Building, and those accepted
for September, 1957. wsing to apply
for the Anne E. Shipman Stevens
Scholarship may call at the Building for
an application blank before May 1,L.
Qualification is based on academi
standing, financial need, extra-curri-
cular activities and contribution to
Student Government Council, Sum-
mary of Action Taken April 24, 1957.
Approved: Minutes of previous meting,
Activities: (Interim, action) Apri-261
International Students Association,
show, Angell Hail Auditorium A, 8:00
April 28: NAACP, folk sing, Lane Hall,
Received report: Appointments to th
Honors Convocation Committe by
President Hatcher: Nancy M. Willard,
Arnold M. Ruskin,
Recived preliminary report on spring
elections, including recommendation
from the Elections Committee.
Approved. Student Government Coun.
eli appointments as follows: Judy
Martin, Student Activities Committee
Chairman; Gerald Blackstone, Educa-
tion and Social Welfare Committee,
ghairman,; Connie Hill, National and
International Committee, Chairman;
Art Epker, Public Relations, Chair-
man; Jo A. Hardee, Elections Direc-
tor; Carol Siebert, Office Manager;
Joan Rodman, Personnel Director.
Committee on Increasing Enrol.
ments: Ron Shorr, Chairman, Ron
Gregg, Pete Eckstein, Marylen Segal.
Finance Committee: Maynard Gold.
man, Chairman, Betsy Alexander,'
Ron Shorr, Nelson Sherburne, Don
Accepted report on plans of Wolverine
Club for next year, including a jazz
concert following Ohio State Rally
and all-campus mixer following the
Michigan State Rally.
Heard progress report on University
Calendar Committee and on Orienta.
Granted recognition to the Modern Jas
Established and named a Health In-
surance committee which is to gather
student opinion and make recoin-
mendations to Student Government
Council regarding a health insurance
program. Scott Chrysler, Jim Park,
John Wrens, Judy Martin.
Mathematics Lecture, A talk will be
given on Fri., April 26 at 4:10 p.m. In
Room 3011, Angell Hall by Hans J.
Bremermann of the Institute for Ad-
vanced Study entitled, "On a Gener-
alized Dirichlet Problem for Plurisub-
harmonic Functions and Pseudo-Con-
vex Domains." Refreshments at 3:45
in Room 3212, A. H.
Catholicism Looks at Birth Control.
Fr. Bradley of St. Mary's Chapel will
speak informally on this topic at the
Friday afternoon coffee hour of the Of-
fice of Religious Affairs, Lane Hall, 4:15
p.m., April 26. This is the first of a
two week series; the second program
will look at the Protestant viewpoint
on the same subject.
Astronomy D e p a r t m e n t Visitors'
Night. Fri., April 26, 8 p.m., Rm. 2003.
Agell Hall. Prof. Fred T. Haddock will
spak on "Radio Waves from the Solar
System." 4fter the lecture the Student
Observatory on the fifth floor of An-
gell Hall will be open for inspection and
for observations of Jupiter and double
stars. Children welcomed, but must be
accompanied by adults,
Monolingual Demonstration (The
technique of learning a language by
gesture), by Prof. Kenneth L. Pike,
Aud. A, Angell Hall, 4:10 p.m., Mon.,
April 29. Public invited.
Student Recital Postponed. The reci-
tal by Neva Vukmirovich, pianist, pre-
viously announced for Fri., April 26,
has been postponed until Sun., May 12,.
School of Music Honors Program, 4:15
Fri., April 26, in Aud. A, Angell Hall.
Presentation of student honor awards
and speech by Prof. Garnet R. Garrison,
Diretor of Television, "Television in the
Modern World." Open to School of Mu-
sic students, faculty and friends.
Student Recital: Svea Blomquist_ so.
prano, in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the Bachelor of Music
degree at 8:30 p.m., Sat., April 27, in
Aud. A, Angell Hall. Miss Blomquist
is a pupil of Chase Baromeo, and her
recital will be open to the public.
Student Recital Postponed. The rect.
tal by Robert Rickman, violist, pre-
viously announced for Sun. evening,
April 28, in Aud. A, Angell Hall, has
been postponed until the Summer ses-
Student Recital by Mary Oyer, cell-
ist, 4:15 p.m. Mon., April 29, in the
Rackham Assembly Hall, in partial
fulfillment of the requirements for the
degree of Doctor of-Musical Arts. Miss
Oyer is a pupil of Oliver Edel, and her
recital will include Beethoven's Sonata
in G minor, Op. 5, No. 2, Sonata in A
major, Op. 69, and Trio in B-flat major,
RUSSIA AND SATELLITES:
Propaganda Bill-$3 Billion
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Ike Doctrine in Jordan
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
STATEMENTS by the American, Jordan and
British governments, have set the stage for
application'of the Eisenhower Doctrine to the
King Hussein, especially, emphasized the
relationship of international communism to the
troubles of his government.
The United States put an exclamation point
after her statement of,vital interest in Jordan's
independence 'by ordering the Mediterranean
fleet, including the world's biggest fighting
ship, to the trouble area.
It's a strange things to see the American
Navy taking up the role which Britain played
in the area for so long, while British discussion
refers primarily to their air power.
Another strange angle of the posture now
assumed by the United States is her support,
for purposes of free world security, of a govern-
porated into Jordan through the Israel-Arab
war and as a result of international action par-
titioning Palestine. 1
This creates a moral atmosphere different
from the usual fashion in which a minority as-
sumes control. Nevertheless, there remains a
distinct conflict between the Jordanian' politi-
cal setup and the traditional American policy
of self-determination for peoples.
The answer, of course, is that Western sup-
port of the King is an effort to prevent the
ignorance of the majority, and its hatred
for Israel, from throwing the country into the
hands of a suffocating Communist hegemony.
In this confusing situation, the King's claim
that the trouble is being caused by Communist
infiltration from the outside becomes an im-
The statement by Secretary John Foster
Dulles that Hussein can be the judge of what
help he needs from the United States would
._ tee "." b, nor7frn" fn 1im
By HAL BOYLE
THINGS a columnist might never
know if he didn't read his mail:
That you are' legally blind if you
have 20-200 vision or less ... that
is, if you can see less at 20 feet
than a person with normal vision
sees at 200 feet.
That if all the blind people in
the world lived in a single city it
would have a population of about
seven million - as does greater
That it has been estimated Soviet
Russia and its satellites spend
three billion dollars a year on
propaganda . . . even more than
we do on chewing gum!
THAT LITTLE Rhode Island has
the shortest state motto "Hope"
... Maine the most egotistical "I
guide" . . . Montana the loveliest-
sounding "Gold and Silver" . . .
Oklahoma the dullest "Labor Con-
quers All Things" . . . Washington
the laziest 'Bye and Bye" and New
Vrk einmost annronriate for the
That in the United States durig
1955 there were six and four-tenths
traffic deaths for every 100 million
miles traveled by motor cars . . .
what does this mean? . . . If you
have average luck and drive 100
miles every day, the chances are
that in about 425 years you'll be
killed in a traffic accident. The
trouble is-everybody doesn't have
* * *
THAT THERE really is a town
called Podunk in Massachusetts.
That the Hotel Edison here has
an unusual service . . . it will ar-
range blood transfusions for guests
needing them. Get a credit card,
That a goose isn't so silly as
birds go, it's fairly intelligent; and
fish sometimes act like pigs . . .
they'll sneer at a hook with only
a single worm but snap at one
baited with four.
That if Friday the 13th worries
you, you can relax until next
Shaw who observed, "The fickle-
ness of the woman I love is only
equaled by the infernal constancy
of the women who love me."
THAT IF you want to catch a
liar, fasten your gaze just above
the bridge of his nose... most
people perspire slightly when tell-
ing a lie, and that's the easiest
place to detect it. Warning: This
is no help if he lies in a Turkish
That crooner Bill Hayes, who
today earns over $100,000 a year
skipping tunes through his vocal
cords, started his career by singing
happy birthday messages for West-
That bandleader Sammy Kaye
has taken on the unusual all-
America chore of writing a new
song for each of the 48 states ...
his score: 12 down, 36 to go.
That medical statisticians claim
a bachelor is three times as likely
as a married man is to become
mentall yunhalanced u hut the