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VOL. LXVII, No. 138 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 17, 1957
Y Army-, Police Maintain Strict Order
After Supporting King in Showdown
AMMAN, Jordan (P)-Jordan's new government, which is expected
to turn this Middle Eastern nation aside from its drift toward the
Arab pro-Soviet camp, appeared to be in solid control yesterday.
Tough Bedouin troops and security police, who supported 21-year-
old King Hussein when he placed his crown on the line at the height
of Jordan's six-day political crisis, maintained strict order.
All was quiet except in Jordan-held Old Jerusalem and Nablus,
where minor demonstrations were reported. A few persons were injured
in Jerusalem where some Leftist students staged a parade and were
.. creator of 'Pogo'
w Seek Truth,
By MURRAY FEIWELL
Speaking in alternately humor-
ous and serious veins, Walt Kelly,
nationally-known cartoonist and
creator of Pogo, yesterday stressed
the idea that journalists are "not
as honest as they should be."
The 1952 Cartoonist of the Year
spoke on the topic, "New Prob-
lems Needed for a New Day" in
Rackham Lecture Hall. Kelly has
appeared here four times in the
last five years.. The lecture was
sponsored by the journalism de-
Stressing, the importance of
honesty in reporting, Kelly said,
"Young journalists should check
up on honesty. Newspaper people
must continue to seek the truth."
'Pogo' Has Purpose
Explaining that his Pogo strip
daily attempts to remind us v1e
are all somewhat alike,*'Kelly of-
fered samples of his famous ar-
tistic talents to the 350 persons
in his audience.
He claimed journalists are not
treating human nature enough.
Despite the fact that Americans
have trouble being simple, the
humorist pointed out that the in-
dividual usually strives to win the
approval of the majority. "Each
person," he said "is a one-man
democracy operating on an im-
puse of caution."
Kelly told the receptive audi-
ence that "We can't afford to be
like the primitive or medieval
man. We must move ahead."
He bemoaned the fact that the
United States has failed to rec-
ognize Communist China and said
that he would offer to head a
group of his own choice to inves-
tigate the minds of the Chinese.
Kelly believes American reporters
should be allowed to go to China,
and he attacked attempts by vari-
ous organizations to curtail free-
dom of the press.
"The newspaper," he concluded,
"will benefit only if we are honest
NAIROBI Kenya (R) - Arch-
bishop Makarios of Cyprus left by
i plane for Athens yesterday short-
ly after Chief Secretary Richard
Turnbull of Kenya declared he
was not a welcome guest in this
Makarms stopped over in Ken-
4attacked by members of the Mos-
The new government of Premier
Hussein Fakhri Khalidi, which
took office Monday is expected to
carry out a swift cleanup of pro-
Communist elements who had in-
filtrated the government, schools
and army during the regime of ex-
Premier Suleiman Nabulsi.
Amman sympathizers of the ele-
ments expected to be purged have
been warned not to start any dis-
One sign of the drift in future
affairs niay be seen in whether
King Hussein now issues a firm
invitation to James P. Richards,
President Dwight D. Eisenhower's
special enIvoy who is in the Middle
East explaining the . President's
plans for military and economic
assistance to governments which
oppose communism. The new re-
gime's fate may depend largely on
the outside economic aid it re-
Nabulsi, who is foreign minister
in the new government, had not
issued such an invitation. While
premier he declared he would not
sign any agreement for United
States aid if he had to commit
himself to fighting communism.
His government also had started
proceedings to engage in full dip-
lomatic relations with Moscow,
something Jordan never has done
Syrians continued to interpret
Jordan events in a favorable light.
Syrian Premier Sabri Assali said,
the new Jordan government would
continue Jordan's "liberal Arab
policy" and would have the "full
cooperation" of the King.
. Syrian and Egyptian leaders use
"liberal Arab policy" to describe
the course pursued by their gov-
Power failure on North Campus
brought three hours of darkness
and inconvenience to 396 families
in the Northwood apartments last
George Hough of the plant de-
partment explained that a 4800-
volt motor-in the Automotive En-
gineering lab shorted the high-
voltage line into the apartments
at 5:50 p.m.
Powerdwas restored at 9:20 p.m.
Coincidental to the North Cam-
pus power failure were the dark-
ened classrooms faced by students
in Angell Hall and other buildings
on the main campus yesterday
morning and afternoon.
Plant department electricians
were not available for comment
UN To Hear
Egypt Insists on Full
Control of Operations
WASHINGTON ()-The United
States is expected to report to the
United Nations before Easter its
failure to budge Egypt's determi-
nation to operate the Suez Canal
The United States is reported
ready to give American ships an
informal "go - ahead" to pass
through the canal under Egyptian
terms - but under protest against
Such voyages would involve ac-
ceptance of Egyptian government
pilots and would mean paying tolls
directly to Egypt. Egyptian lead-
ers, it is recognized, would be cer-
tain to hail it as clear evidence
they are winning their 9-month-
old struggle to operate the 103-
mile waterway without foreign
At present, American shippers
are heeding State Department
"advice" that they stay away from
the canal even though it has been
To make clear it is dissatisfied
with Egypt's attitude, the Amer-
ican government plans to main-
tain a freeze on about 37 million
dollars worth of Egyptian assets
in this country.
This money, it was said, would
be held as a fund to compensate
American shippers in the event the
old Suez Canal Co. successfully
sues American vessels which pay
tolls directly to Egypt.
U.S. May Give
To UN Council
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (A') -
Sources close to the United States
delegation said last night the
United States will decide today
whether to ask for a meeting of
the United Nations Security Coun-
cil on the Suez Canal issue.
Ambassador James J. Wads-
worth, acting head of the delega-
tion. conferred separately with UN
Secretary General Dag Ham-
marskjold and Egyptian delegate
The sources said he was report-
ing to Washington, where the de-
cision would be made.
Loutfi, Hans Engen of Norway,
Arthur Lall of India, and Sir Pier-
son Dixon of Britain also had
separate conferences with Ham-
The United States was under-
stood to be weighing two con-
1. Whether a report to the
Council on United States-Egyptian
negotiations on canal operation
would help close the gaps remain-
ing between the two countries; or,
2. Whether this would only give
an opening for Soviet propoganda
among the Arab countries and
thus dosmore harm than good to
The remaining gaps were under-
stood to concern how far Egypt
would go toward granting canal
users a part in the operation, arbi-
trating disputes, and recognizing
the six principles for canal settle-
ment approved by the Council Oct.
WASHINGTON O) - Bulky, heavy-jawed Paul Bradshaw yester-
day drew the mayor and district attorney of Scranton into his ac-
count before Senate investigators of alleged union terrorism in eastern
Bradshaw, a former Teamsters Union steward, said Mayor
James T. Hanlon had asked him to "hold off" implicating other union
officials until after an election.
Hanlon immediately fired off a "categorical" denial from Scran-
Bradshaw told the Senate Labor Rackets Investigating Committee
he had "taken the rap" for a union-inspired dynamiting.
When the union failed to get him work thereafter, Bradshaw said,
he told business agent John Durkin of Local 229 he would go to
By TAMMY MORRIS
A University economics professor last r
value" is the real source of liberty.
Prof. Kenneth Boulding told a meetin
Club "the great bulwarks of civil liberties a
the intellectuals, but the groups who refuse
Prof. Daniel Katz of the social psych(
discussing "Conscience and Society: The
Prof. Boulding, advocated "clearer standa
ciples for protection of the individual aga
power by a group."
Pointing out that the legal profession
dards designed to protect the individual, F
GALVESTON, Tex. 1 -- The
Teamsters' top command declared
yesterday that AFL-CIO accusa-
tions of corrupt influences were
unsupported by specific charges
and that it would attend no hear-
ings until "fundamentals of fair
adjudication" are assured.
The executive board of the 1,-
350,000-member union said when
a hearing under satisfactory con-
ditions is held the entire board
will answer the charges, not just
President Dave Beck, target of
Senate and AFL-CIO investiga-
The Teamsters also said that'
the national labor federation was'
without authority in suspending
Beck as a vice president of the
AFL-CIO Executive Council.
The Teamster executive board
members did not flatly refuse to
attend a hearing set by the AFL-
CIO Ethical Practices Committee
SGC To Hear
On Book Store
Results of investigation into the
possibility of establishing a stu-
dent bookstore will be presented
to Student Government Council at
its meeting at 7:30 p.m. today in
the Student Activities Building.
A report will be presented by a
campus affairs subcommittee
which was established last spring
to explore the feasibility of a stu-
dent book store. The committee
will make recommendations con-
cerning a North Campus book
store and the existing Student
Study of the University Regula-
tions Handbook and the establish-
ment of a committee on increasing
enrollment will also receive SGC
attention along with a motion re-
garding calendaring of activities
before final exams.
District Attorney Carlon O'Malley
and name higher-ups.
"Go ahead, we've got him taken
care of," he quoted Durkin as re-
plying. "You're only going to get
yourself in deeper and deeper."
Hanlon Denies All
Bradshaw, now awaiting sen-
tence for dynamiting a house to
"organize" a building contractor,
said he told Hanlon on a Scranton
street, "I've got something that is
going to turn the city upside
He quoted the Democratic May-
or's reply: "Paul, wait until after
the election." He said Hanlon
added: "I'll see the district attor-
ney and see what can be done."
Bradshaw's testimony brought a
quick telegram from Hanlon say-
ing he never asked the witness to
"lay off" the case.
Telegram Not Admitted
Hanlon asked that his telegram
be read into the record, but com-
mittee Chairman John McClellan
(D-Ark.) refused. He directed
committee counsel Robert Ken-
nedy to notify the mayor he could
come to Washington and testify
or file a sworn statement.
Kennedy said Hanlon already
had been so advised.
Then Sen. McClellan recalled
Bradshaw to the witness chair, re-
minded him he was under oath,
and told him of the mayor's de-
nial. Bradshaw firmly repeated
He said one "Billy" Munley,
also of Teamsters Local 229 at
Scranton, was the man who "done
the actual job, set it off."
"Has it been general knowledge
in Scranton that the mayor ap-
proached you?" Sen. Barry Gold-
water (R-Ariz.) asked.
"No sir," Bradshaw said.
In his telegram, Hanlon called
Bradshaw "an admitted perjurer"
and said "at no time did I ask
the witness Bradshaw to 'lay off'
the case as he has tesified."
By DAVID TARR
Negro oversensitiveness to their
race was pictured yesterday by a
University psychology professor as
a hindrance to solution of racial
Speaking before the Culture
Club, Prof. Richard Cutler of the
psychology department urged Ne-
groes to work for better Negro-
white relations through individual
and personal relations.
In discussing "Psychological
Problems and Tools of Integration"
he warned against the Negro, in
his relations with others, acting
and thinking as a Negro instead of
as a person.
"But there is no reason to be-
lieve," he said in answer to a ques-
tion, "that any active policy in the
Residence Halls to place Negro
and white students together would
cause the former to think of them-
selves or act as 'Negroes' instead
society has not developed similar
standards to fit the bureaucratic
structure into which that society
A great amount of tolerance is
good for a society, Prof. Boulding
said. "And when division of labor
in a society is high, that society
can safely permit a great deal of
"If you want to have a dynam-
ic culture, you have to tolerate de-
viants on the assumption that the
good will outweigh the bad. If
you're intolerant, you can stay in
one place successfully, but you
can't go anywhere else."
To bring "nuisances" to the
fore, "you need strong sub-
groups," Prof. Boulding com-
mented. "Factors which are con-
tributing to our present homogen-
eous society are suppression of im-
migration, public education and
the natural tendency of a society
Prof. Katz noted that the tech-
nological deviant has been able
to find support for his research
and even comparatively swift ac-
ceptance of his ideas, while ac-
ceptance of new social and poli-
tical ideas has core very slowly
in this country.
"One saving grace," Prof.
Boulding said, "is our system of a
very active employment market.
There are many niches available.
None of my good Communist
graduate students are starving;
it's hard to be excluded from the
Only seven petitions have been
taken out for the four Student
Government Council committee
Vice-President Ron Shorr, '58BAd,
Petitions are due Thursday noon
for students interested in chairing
SGC's Student Activities Com-
mittee, the Education and Social
Welfare Committee, the National
and International Relations Com-
mittee or the Public Relations
Committee. The positions of Elec-
tions Director, Personnel Director
and Office Manager are also open
Forms may be obtained from
Ruth Callahan, Administrative As-
sistant to Dean of Men, in the
Student Activities Building.
Interviews will be held tomorrow
afternoon, Shorr said.
them a c
by the F
in the U
bert F. N
oups Aid Grant Helps
f Liberty Ease Crisis
ON Extra Funds Given
night suggested "nuisance For Fiscal Deficit
g of the Political Issues WASHINGTON (P) -President
ren't the universities and ight D. Eisenhower signed a
to be bullied out of their 41 - million - dollar appropriation
bill for the Post Office Depart-
ology department, jointly ment last night.
Right to Dissent" with Postmaster General Arthur
*rds, more ~definite prin- Summerfield immediately an-
inst the arbitrary use of nounced the resumption of nor-
mal mail srvice, to be made ef-
has a tradition of stan- fective within 24 hours.
Prof. Katz said American While Summerfield used the
term "rcrmal mail service" in his
announcement, details of his
o h sstatement showed that some re-
strictions would be continued for
a time at least.
To Seven Dwl"er Schedules
S Downtown business area deliv-
eries are to be kept at two a day
Se s Mondays through Fridays, with
one delivery on Saturday, he said.
The money will provide addi-
LLAN STILLWAGON tional operating funds for the re-
mainder of this fiscal year, end-
ial Woodrow Wilson fel- ing June 30.
totaling $640,000 have In order to make it available
arded to 302 men and without further delay, Congress
interested in graduate put on an unusual display of
for college teaching, Prof. speed yesterday.
C. Boys of the English de- Final Action
t announced today. Final congressional action came
Boys, national director of with House acceptance of a com-
son program, listed seven paratively minor item put in the
ty recipients, placing the appropriation bill by the Senate.
ty second in number of The appropriation bill con-
ips received. Princeton tained approximately 523 million
he list of 149 institutions dollars in all, but only the 41 mil
g 14 awards. lion postal fund was in dispute.
fellowships, sponsored by The Senate added an item of
ssociation of Graduate $800,000 for Senate investigations
are awarded upon invita- and other work, and this meant
er nomination by "estab- the whole bill had to go back to
iembers of the academic the House for approval there in
n." They are intended to its final form.
ew graduates to "try out Other Items
erests" in the first year of Other items included 200 mil-
work, thereby giving lion dollars for rural electifica-
hance to consider careers tion oas monsura eera
e teaching and scholar- tion loans, 250 millions in federal
grants to the states for highway
,000 has been designated construction, 24 2 million extra
lord Foundation to extend for the Social Security Adminis-
elou theWoodrow Wilson tration and 6 millions for fight-
. ing forest fires in the West.
ations for the grants are The 41 million voted by the
ytlocal faculty members. house and senate for the post of-
lections are made by re- fice was six million less than
)mmittees (the University Summerfield had said he needed
ed in region seven, Michi- to maintain service at a normal
i Ohio) and a national rate.
s, available for study of
anities, social sciences, na- ueer Begins
iences and mathematics,
ble at any graduate school or
Jnited States' or Canada, Conference
g to Prof. Boys. Thirteen
p winners will come to the One of the world's leading theo-
y next year from other logians will speak today at the
and one local reciepient, University, beginning a religious
McLaughlin, '57, will con- conference scheduled to conclude
Spanish studies here. Friday.
x other University fellows, Prof. Martin Buber of the He-
ols which they will attend, brew University of Jerusalem, will
r fields of concentration discuss "Elements of the Inter-
Human" tonight at 8 p.m. in
rn Booth, '57E, (Honorary Rackham Lecture Hall. He has
winner); George Elison, written numerous books which
'isconsin, History; Charles have had great influence on Chris-
'57, Harvard, Slavic lan- tian and Jewish theology, includ-
Richard Kuisel, '57, Wis- ing the famous "I and Thou".
History; Charles Maurer, The conference; held in honor of
thwestern, German; Ro- Prof. Buber, opens today with a
Miller, '57, Harvard, Rus- luncheon at 12:15 p.m. An infro-
dies. duction to Prof. Buber's thought
will be presented at a panel dis-
cussion at 1:45 p.m. today in Kel-
logg Aud This will be followed by
a discussion of "Martin Buber as
Creator of a Literary Image of
Man" at 4:15 p.m., also in the
;s Kellogg Aud.
Tomorrow, Prof. Buber will dis-
cuss "Man in Flight" at 10 a.m. in
an chairman of a United Kellogg Aud. Small group discus-
dine Salah, was assassin- sions will be held in the Union at
itory. 2:30 p.m., divided according to
and, one of the colonies professional interest.
Snow is administered by Prof. Buber and Prof. Carl Rog-
ers of the University of Chicago
will hold a dialogue at 8:30 tomor-
row night in Kellogg Aud. The
conference will conclude Friday
iuarters last night report- morning with a talk on "Prophecy
IN MEN'S DORMS:
Photo Cut from Staff Applications
By RICHARD TAUB
Pictures and questions of reli-
gious preference have been elimi-
nated from staff applications for
men's residence halls, Jack Hale,
senior resident di ector of men's
residence halls, told the Residence
Halls Board of Governors yester-
This was done, he said, in line
with new Fair Employment Practi-
ces regulations, and pertains to
members of the counseling staffs,
such as resident advisors and as-
Hale also hoped the board would
be continually aware of similar
problems in placing roommates.
He felt the group should think
about changing roommate 2.nnli-
tures were important in room ap-
plications. Often, she explained,
one can tell a great deal about an
individual personality just from
his picture, and are able to fit
roommates this way.
She explained they were also
valuable in helping students to
If pictures and religious prefer-
ence questions are dropped, she
wondered how the Dean's office
could accommodate the "person
carrying a torch" who demands a
foreign student or a Negro.
"But I guess we'll have to leave
that problem to the idealists," she
She noted that about 70 per cent
of all applications requesting a
were designed to provide maxi-
mum adjustment for students and
that a great deal of work is done
in this direction.
However, she noted that even
where preferences are listed at-
tempts are made to at least provide
religious and racial distribution in
Vice-President for Student Af-
fairs James A. Lewis felt the Hu-
man Relations Board should en-
courage an intensive educational
program concerning advantages of
"cultural living" after students
Jean Scruggs, '58, said a close
knit house unit, will generally en-
courage a greater desire for inte-
gration. She was in favor of Hu-
World News R
By The Associated Prey
Salah Assassinated . *
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y.-- The Egypti
Nation committee for Somaliland, Kamal Ed
ated yesterday in that East African trust terr
The area was formerly Italian Somalil
lost by Mussolini's ill-starred war effort. It
Italy for the UN.
* * *
Israeli Borders Ablaze .. .
TEL AVIV, Israel-Israeli military headq