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VOL. LXVII, No. 135
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, APRIL 4, 1957
Citizens Rebel Agains
Rise in Cost of Living
SANTIAGO, Chile (A) - Stree
mobs fought soldiers and polici
in the heart of Chile's capita
yesterday in renewed rioting
against the runaway cost of liv-
From 40 to 70 persons are unof-
ficially estimated to have bee
killed and more than 200 injured
in a week-long wave of disorder
that has caused property damag
in excess of two million dollars.
Official figures placed the num-
ber of dead at 11 and the injured
at about 350.
Estimate 40 Dead
Reliable non-official sources es-
timated at least 40 were dead and
hundreds injured in a week-long
wave of disorder.
Col. Benjamin Videla, interior
minister, asked leaders of all the
political parties for their suppor
in getting extraordinary powers
for the government in the crisis
It was the most serious outbreak
President Carlos Ibanez, now 79
has faced since rioters turned him
out of office in his first term 26
Defying emergency military
law clamped on the entire nation
truckloads of rioters from the out-
lying poorer sections joined in
yesterday's demonstrations to
colhplain of a new spurt in the
inflation spiral' which has gone
steadily upward in Chile 'since
World War II.
Attack Police, Army
About 1,000 Chileans attacked
police and army troops. They tried
to storm the Pan American Bank
and were driven off after troops
In the face of more gunfire; the
mobs stoned the presidential pal-
ace, the Court of Justice and the
Army machine gunners, tanks
and armored cars fired repeatedly
on thousands of rioters when the
outburst here reached a peak of
violence Tuesday night.
President Ibanez then pro-
claimed a state of siege - a form
of martial law - and warned the
nation's six million people he
stands for "energetic use of arms,
whatever the consequences," to
put down the violence.
The government decree blamed
the rioting on international com-
muhism and lawless groups seek-
ing to damage the economy.
To some extent Ibanez hah
checked the inflation that began
some 15 years ago.
By ALLAN STILLWAGON
This year's literary college stu-
dent opinion survey is tentative-
ly scheduled for May 14 and 15,
Prof. Arthur Carr of the English
department announced yesterday.
Final approval of dates and ex-
penditures must still be approved
by the college's Executive Com-
The survey, once a hotly con-
troversial program, uses a subjec-
tive questionnaire to inform fac-
ulty members of their students'
"evaluation" of courses and teach-
Class Time Devotion
During the two-day survey,
class time is devoted to an essay
type questionnaire evaluating the
course objectives, the instructor's
effectiveness, his teaching meth-
ods, and his encouragement of
"lively, critical thinking."
They are then sealed in enve-
lopes and stored in the Adminis-
tration Bldg. until final grades
are recorded. Each instructor then
receives the unsigned question-
naires written by his classes.
Faculty rating was first intro-
duced 15 years ago, when the lit-
erary college devised an elaborate
plan to gauge classroom effective-
In addition to student reactions,
professors' opinions of their col-
leagues were collected, and filed
for administrative use. That sys-
tI m proved unwieldy and was dis-
Funds Voted To Prevent
Drastic Mail Curtailment
Seventeen Million Dollar Appropriation
Much Less Than Summerfield Requested
WASHINGTON (A) A House Appropriations subcommittee, faced
with the possibility of a drastic curtailment of mail service starting
Saturday, voted yesterday to give the United States Post Office De-
partment an extra 17 million dollars.
The department, through Postmaster General Summerfield, had
requested an extra 47 million dollars for operating expenses until
Summerfield said department needs were greater than had been
expected when its annual appropriation bill was passed last year.
Ask For Increase
To help wipe out the deficit that has plagued the department
for years, the. Administration asked Congress to increase postal rates
by $527,500,000 a year by 1961.
To accomplish this, the price of mailing a first class letter would
be raised from 3 to 4 cents.
In his news conference yesterday, President Dwight D. Eisen-
hnxrrr~~nl+h, «Yr il ^ -+, -;,+ --T1 1.
Force in Rockies
By The Associated Press
April's -violent moods spawned
more tornadoes yesterday in the
Southern Plains while a spring
blizzard lost its punch in the Rocky
The tornadoes, which struck
Tuesday and yesterday night, and
the blizzard were blamed for 21
deaths, 10 of them in Dallas.
The damage mounted into the
millions. That at Dallas alone was
placed at more than four million
pouwer statea that --we wil not only ell
WASHINGTON (M)-The Team-
sters Union was invited yesterday
to defend itself against corruption
charges at an AFL-CIO hearing
Al Hayes, chairman of the AFL-
CIO Ethical Practices Committee,
said the Teamsters were entitled to
a hearing and would be given one
if it were the wish of the union's
Last Friday the AFL-CIO Execu-
tive Council ordered a broad in-
vestigation of the union on the
basis of derogatory information
turned up by Senate rackets prob-
The Council acted under an
AFL-CIO constitutional provision
empowering it to investigate any
member union alleged to be domi-
nated by "any corrupt influence."
It can suspend the union if the
charges are substantiated, or it can
give the membership an opportun-
ity to clean house on its own.
Any housecleaning operation
could include the ouster of Dave
'Beck, 62-year-old president of the
Teamsters, who took the Fifth
Amendment when questionedsby
the Senate investigators last
Beck claimed any answers might
tend to incriminate him. He re-
fused to explain his admitted use
cof some $300,000 to $400,000 in
union funds over a period of years.
Beck has already been suspendedf
as an AFL-CIO vice-president and
a member of the Executive Coun-
Hayes served notice of the May
6 hearing on Beck and John Eng-
lish, secretary-treasurer of the
union, in the Teamsters' marble
and glass headquarters here.
O0n Gaza Strip
JERUSALEM ()-Israel threat-
ened yesterday to erect her own
barbed wire fence along the Gaza
Strip border to keep out Arab in-
filtrators and suicidal commando
Declaring Israel's dissatisfaction
with arrangements UN Secretary
General Dag Hammarskjold made
with Egypt to supress across-the-
border raids from Gaza, a Foreign
Ministry official said his govern-
ment wants a physical barrier for
the 26 by 6-mile area.
He said Israel is discussing with
representatives of the UN Emer-
gency Force the erection of two
rows of barbed wire 30 feet apart.
with the area between mined and
If the discussions do not result
in implementing such an idea, he
added, Israel is considering erect-
ing a barrier of her own along the
border, now marked over most of
its length only by a plowed ditch.
The official made the statement
in connection with an assertion
that Palestine units of the Egyp-
ian army have returned to the
iminate the deficit, but I believe Minor Damage
robably there would be some New tornadoes menaced twister-
coney saved in the budget." jittery north Texas and Arkansas
Summerfield told the subcom- yesterday, but most of the damagea
iittee yesterday that if the ex- was minor.
a money was not made avaliable, One of them struck the little
r at least promised, it would be town of Cssh in northeast Arkan-
ecessary for the department to sas, but there were no Injuries and
alt Saturday mail deliveries, damage was reported minor.
ose post offices on Saturdays, There were many unconfirmed
ut business mail deliveries and reports of funnels being sighted
fect other service curbs imme- near Little Rock and Searcy, both
ately. in Arkansas.
GOP Outvoted Transport Planes
Republicans on the nine-man At Smyrna, Tenn., Sewart Air
ibcommittee reportedly favored Force Base started flying out 66
pproving the entire 47 million huge transport planes yesterday
ollars but were outvoted by five afternoon from the path of pos-
emocrats who favored the 17 sible high winds and tornadoes
illions. moving eastward from Arkansas.
The smaller amount, the Demo- The planes are valued at about
ats claimed, was all that could 40 million dollars.
attributed to expenses which Military officials said a group of"
ae department could not have C123s will be taken to Pope Air
reseen last year. Force Base, N.C., and a group of
The subcommittee's action is C119s will be distributed among
bject to ratification by the en- four bases in Florida.
re 50-member Appropriations Numerous funnels were reported
mmittee later this month, in Texas. Some hit the ground,
but in open fields.
.rk s !-In Oklahoma Tuesday more than
) na dozen tornadoes swept across
the southern and eastern portions
lacm illan's of that state, causing five deaths.
Intermittent sunshine signalled
.osition Aided an end of a paralyzing April bliz-
zard in Colorado and the mountain
states. Pegged as the worst April,
LONDON W)-The end of two storm in 41 years it caused five
g industrial strikes yesterday deaths.9
WASHINGTON (P) - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower dismissed
as "the worst rot that I have
'heard," recurrent reports that he
intends to step out and turn his
job over to Vice President Richard
President Eisenhower talked at
his news conference like a man
planning ahead for his second
term-to the point of saying he
certainly hopes that somewhere
along the line there can be a gen-
eral tax cut.
He baid he would like to see ACADEMI
taxes slashed next year "but I am and Prof.
not even trying to be that specif-
ic." demic Free
From thlere the questioning Allow?" at
jumped around to a wide range
of subjects, with considerable em-
phasis on denials. ia u
President Eisenhower denied
that he had given Generalissimo
Chiang Kai-shek assurances that
the United States would help de-
fend Quemoy and Matsu, off the
Chinese mainland, from attacks
by Chinese Reds. Two Uni
Denies Invitation demic freedo
He denied that he had invited students and
Anthony Eden, British Prime Min- "It seems
ister at the time and Premier Guy of the histor
Mollet of France to the White that professo
House last November to announce profes
a cease fire in the invasion of Prof. Pre
Egypt There have been reports thought the
that Eisenhower extended. such an complete free
invitation and then withdrew it. or Harry us
C FREEDOM-Prof. Frank Grace (second from
Preston Slosson (second from right) discussed "
dom in Political Thought--How Much Can a Univ(
the Michigan Forensic Forum last night.
Ity Members Disagr
it Academic, Freedoi
By TAMMY MORRISON
versity professors disagreed last night on how mu(
m a state-supported University can practically a
s to me mainly a practical question," Prof. Preston,
'y department said. "It's for the good of the com
rs and students should enjoy and exercise their fre
ank Grace of the political science department s
pressure of expediency somewhat hampered exec
edom-"the University can't afford to allow any To
e University facilities
Study, Pledges Aid
By VERNON NAHRGANG
Student Government Council
initiated a student-faculty Honor
System Study Committee yester-
Work of the committee will be
to "collect data and make recom-
mendations" for introducing an
honor system in the schools and
colleges of the University.
SGC said such a system "may be
a desirable objective which might
be initiated by a cooperative ef-
Arnold fort of faculty and students if the
left) practicability and acceptance .. ,
'Aca- is demonstrated..."
ersity Worthy of Study
Vice-President and Dean of
Faculties Marvin L. Niehuss, in a
letter to a member of the SGC
yep committee recommending the
e-- honor system study, called "the
question of the more general adop-
tion of the Honor System .,. "one
worthy of study."
Vice-President Niehuss also said
the University "will be prepared
to assist the committee in its study
ch aca- in any way it .. "can be helpful."
Ilow its SGC, under recommendation of
its Education and Social Welfare
Slosson Committee, decided the committee
munity would consist of five faculty and
edom." five student members. One of the
said he latter would be a Council mem-
cise of ber.
mrck of The committee will collect data
m, Dick on student attitudes and on cor-
relation of honor systems to crib-
bing. The group is scheduled to
compile all previous research and
evaluate proposed systems. A re-
S Port from the committee is due
the last week in May.
Wording of the motion, that the
system "may be" desirable and
mocrats "might be" initiatedl, replaced the
day to original wording, that it "is" de-
ries in sirable and "should be" initiated--
an amendment that came with
ler said several others that first removed,
llusion- then restored, the whole state-
second In other action yesterday, SGC
decided to "organize a cultural and
himself educational delegation to visit
iumphs Southeast Asia for the summer of
ory by 1958."
year's Anne Woodard, '57, maker of the
motion t a b le d last week, an-
nounced petitioning would open
he Re- today for "a steering committee
situa- to complete a perspectus, obtain
work." funds, and select and train the
is news Financial support for the dele-
Texas gation, estimated last week at a
a "bad cost of $30,000, will be sought from
some foundation or foundations.
vily in Reasons Listed
"loyal" Lack of contact with the United
gh won States, small number of American
l elec- students studying there, cultural
of con- ignorances, University faculty
te. - strength in that area, and lan-
n ran guage were listed as reasons for
selecting Southeast Asia for the
s gave trip.
37.2 per SGC also established a Housing
tabu- Policy Committee yesterday.
Comprised o f t h r e e elected
Council members, the group will
ngress- compile information and make
268,476 "policy recommendations to the
n, Re- Council pertaining to all phases
85. The of University housing."
ections Rector Name
offices Music Society
ate su-Adinist drator
blicans Charles A. Sink, president of
Michi- the University Musical Society, has
te held announced the appointment of
Gail W. Rector as Executive Direc-
tor of the Society.
,} Rector's services will begin Sept.
le Rector will take over the admin-
e jistrative duties performed by Sink
for manyv up,,v_ SinkIrwill enifi..,,e
strengthened Prime Minister Har-
old Macmillan's government, re-
cently beset by threats of Conser-
vative party rebellion and asharp
drop in voter appeal.
The government stilr faces some
big hurdles - particularly the Cy-
prus issue and defense cuts-but,
all in all, it seems to have ridden
out the storms.
Macmillan's report to the House
of Commons Monday on his Ber-
muda conference with President
Dwight D. Eisenhower helped.
He succeeder -- at least *or the
time being - in calming fears
among his Conservative followers
that he had "sold out" British in-
terest to the Americans.
The immediate result was a ral-
1ying of the party faithful in Par-
liament around him.
And with the presentation of
the budget April 9 the govern-
ment has a chance, especially if
it makes tax concessions, to win
back some of the popular support
it lost when gasoline rationing and
economic austerity followed the
Cuts in defense costs might en-
able Chancellor of the Exchequer
Peter Thorneycroft to give the
people the concessions they have
been demanding against the back-
ground of rising living costs.
Strikes in the shipbuilding yards
and dollar-earning factories have
been called off pending a probe of
wage disputes by a commission of
inquiry which opened hearings
Faces Many Problems
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the last of a series of three articles concern-
ing honor systems at colleges and universities.)
By RICHARD TAUB
The new student-faculty committee initiated by SGC yesterday
will be faced with certain basic problems.
Prof. Arthur Carr of the English department noted the diversity
of students in the literary college in contrast to those in the engi-
neering and medical schools.
Many students in the literary school, he said, are pre-business
administration, and are taking courses for pharmacy school, nursing
school, and music school. It will not-be easy for these people to identify
themselves with literary school
traditions, he declared.
He also noted engineering school
has a long standing tradition,
which makes the code a more nat-
ural part of the college.
The latter problem, he ex-
plained, can be solved in only one
way. The program must be started
He had two suggestions which
might help to overcome the first
difficulty. First, he suggested, stu-
dents in the new Honors council
program might be the first group
to utilize an honor system.
He also felt the program might
be started on the junior and se-
nior level. The people in these
classes, he said, are generally com-
mitted to the literary college.
Begin With Freshmen
However, according to Jerry
Blackstone, '60, a member of the
present SGC committee, many
professors feel the program should
begin with freshmen.
They believe, Blackstone ex-
plained, the program should im-
mediately begin for new students
so it becomes "an accepted way
Mechanics of the program are
also to be considered. It could be
entirely run by students as it is
at the University of North Caro-
lina; it can be run by students
with faculty right to review as our
engineering school, or it can be
run by a student-faculty commit-
Dean of the literary college
Charles Odegaarde feels the bur-
den of the program should fall'
upon the students. They must want
it, he declared, - and they must
largely administer it,
Speaking before an audience of
25 people at the Michigan Forensic
Forum, Prof. Grace said he
thought heand Prof. Slos eson
agreed on principle but differed
Noting the public tendency to
convict, in essense, an individual
who pleads Fifth Amendment be-
fore a Congressional investigating
committee, Prof. Grace pointed out
tnat presumed innocence was ef-
fective only in judicial proced-
Prof. Slosson said he was "will-
ing to be a martyr for my own
opinions, but not implied ones. If
you have convictions, speak out!
Pleading Fifth Amendment only
convinces people of your guilt."
The loyalty oath required of
teachers, Prof. Slosson commented.
"is an abysmal folly-if a man is
a dangerous conspirator, he's not
going to mind also being a per-
Prof. Slosson also said he
thought any professor who intro-
duces propaganda in his courses
should be judged by his colleagues
rather than laymen.
David Marlin, '57L, asked both
professors if they thought any-
thing specific could be done to
correct some restrictions on free-
dom-the Lecture Committee, fir-
ing of professors that refuse to
testify-that have existed at the
Prof. Slosson said one positive
step in this direction would be
for "the Lecture Committee to an-
nounce that any student organi-
zation is free to invite anybody
they choose to speak."
reactied jubilantly yester
off-season election victor
Texas and Michigan..
Party Chairman Paul But
they mark national "disil
went" with the way Pi
Dwight D. Eisenhower's
term is going.
said the Democratic tr
hardly "point to any vict
the Republicans" in next
But he added: "I think t
publicans are alert to the
tion, and are really going to
This was President Eis
er's reply when asked at h
conference if he saw the
and Michigan results ass
omen" for the GOP.
Democrats scored heav
both states. In Texas,'
Democrat Ralph Yarboroug
Tuesday's special senatoria
tion and assured his partyc
tinued control of the Sena
publican Thad Hutcheso
Almost complete return
Yarborough 326,616 votes, 3
cent of the 877,891 votes
His nearest opponent, Co
man Martin Dies, had
votes, and Thad Hutcheso
publican of Houston, 208,98
rest of the 19 candidates
Michigan held state el
Monday and Democrats wo
the GOP the two statewide
which were up for grabs.
Not only were the state
way commission and the st
perintendent of public inst
positions held by the Repu
won by the Democrats in
gan but also the entire sla
previously by the party.
BEST JOB FOR THE BEST MINDS':
Prof. Angell To Head Newly Formed Honors Council
By SHIRLEY CROOG "In view of the growing number i for students to get credit for
Prof. Robert Angell of the soci- of students, it is increasingly im- courses by examination, the new
ology department has been named portant to be sure the superior director said.
director of the Honors program by student gets the special opportuni- "We will cooperate closely with
literary college Dean Charles E. ties he deserves," he said. the admissions office, the literary
Odegaard. Bear Job for Best Minds college curriculum committee,
Presently on leave from the Uni- "The Honors Council is one im- counseling groups and depart- I
versity until June, Prof. Angell will portant way the University can do mental chairmen," he added.
head a five-man executive cor- the test icb for the best minds it Setting up a counseling program
mittee of the new Honors Council x gets," he added. and discussing with faculty thej
to consoliaate and create honors The program will deal with adjustment of courses are two con-f
programs and courses. ' detecting and recruiting superior siderations which will come before
Prof. Angell's appointment mdi- students for participation in hon- the Council after it is named in a
3*. i&X:: :: -