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VOL. LXVII, No. 133 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, API
ldersvel Beats Brown in
RIL 2, 1957 SIX PAGES
Mayor by 808 Votes
By JAMES ELSMAN
and JOHN WEICHER
City politicos' jaws dropped last
night as Democrat Prof. Samuel
Eldersveld of-the political science
department toppled incumbent-
Mayor William Brown from his 12-
year reign in the mayor's office.
However, the GOP captured
eight of ten Council seats.
The professor garnered a total
vote of 6,077 to Brown's 5,269, a
margin of 808. Prof. Eldersveld
carried 53% of the total, winning
four of the five wards.
Prof. Eldersveld is the City's
first Democratic mayor since Ed-
ward J. Staebler served from 1927-
29. City Clerk Fred M. Looker said
the approximately 12,000 total
vote is a City record.
Republican Council members
winning a two-year term were
Florence R. Crane and Clan Craw-
ford Jr. of the second ward, Prof.
Charles W. Joiner of 'the Law
School and Frank Davis of the
third ward, Ronald E. Hinterman
and George A. Keebler of the
fourth ward and Carl A. Brauer Jr.
and Russell T. Burns of the fifth
In the first ward Democrats M.
Alicia Dwyer and Richard Den-
nard were victorious.
Write-in mayoralty candidate
Dominic DeVarti drew 90 votes.
t Voters approved a special elec-
tion ballot for the City to acquire
a bus line 5,994 to 4,146, but turned
}down by 5,471 to 3,406 a further
proposal to increase the property
tax rate to finance the operation
of the line. They also disapproved
a $150,000 bond issue to purchase
"the bus line, 4,580 to 2,849.
An annexation proposal con-
t cerning 193 acres in Pittsfield
Township passed, 5,892 to 3,240. A
one-half mill tax increase for one
year to construct an addition on
the County jail was approved, 4,748
to 4,338. '
Brown, who coon by 690 votes in
his last elecvon was sorrowful in
defeat: "I gave 12 years to the
City and I guess they didn't like
Prof. Eldersveld issued a victory
statement late last night: "I am
tremendously gratified that the
people of Ann Arbor have con-
ferred this honor upon me."
"I am aware of the size of the
job. I hope, with the support and
cooperation of all the people of
this community, to carry out the
clear instruction of the voters. I
believe that they want a new Phil-
osophy of government in Ann Ar-
bor; a government whose policies
are responsible and responsive to
"I pledge myself to put into ac-
tion the principles and the speci-
fic proposals which I have put
before the people, and which they
have so clearly endorsed," he con-
Political experts of both parties
thought the split-ticket voting
was an expression of a "time for
a change" philosophy toward the
Buff Whelan, '60, Gargoyle cir-
culation manager, paused yester-
day to discover that his car, the
Gargmobile, was missing.
The Gargmobile was reported, to
contain a large part of this issue,
Meanwhile, a local citizen com-
plained to police about the latest
NEW MAYOR - Prof. Samuel Eldersveld and his wife Molly
listen to election returns which showed him elected as Ann Ar-
bor's first Democratic mayor in 20 years.
IBrowtinell Presents Plan
Pro osed by Presidet
WASHINGTON (A') - Attorney General Herbert Brownell spelled
out for an apparently unconvinced Congress yesterday President
Dwight D. Eisenhower's plan of action in case a president became
President Eisenhower's proposal calls for a constitutional amend-
ment to authorize the Vice-President to become temporary acting
Brownell told a House Judiciary subcommittee it is "fortunate"
the constitutional amendment plan probably would not become effec-
tive during Pres. Eisenhower's own term of office, so it can be con-
Aid Not Cut
TEHERAN, Iran (/P)-Informed
sources said yesterday Premier
Hussein Ala will resign tomorrow
because of the murder of three
Americans in a desert bandits' am-
The State Department said yes-
terday no instructions have been
issued from here to suspend for-
eign aid activities in southeast
Iran because of the murder.
Clark S. Gregory, director of
the Point Four program in Iran,
announced earlier yesterday in
Tehran that aid projects in the
area of the killings had been sus-
Gregory said after an on-the-
spot investigation that he was not
satisfied with measures taken so
far to wipe out the bandits re-
sponsible for the killings.
Troops and police pursued into
mountain country close. to the
Pakistan border a legendary ban-
dit leader and his men, sought as
The exact number of men with'
bandit leader Dadshah was not
known, but theywere reported be-
ing whittled down in runaway
fights with pursuers. A price of
$10,000 was put on the head of;
each bandit, dead or alive.
The American victims ofuthe
ambush in the dlesert of southern
Baluchistan province a week ago
Sunday were Mr. and Mrs. Kevin
Carroll and Brewster Wilson. Car-
roll, 37, was a United States Point
Four program official; and Mrs.
Carroll, 35, worked' as his secre-
tary.. Wilson, 35, was a develop-
ment spec1alist for the Near East
Brenton Godfrey Fuger, Univer-
sity student who was injured in an
automobile accident Friday eve-
ning, is still listed in critical condi-
According to University Hospital
authorities Fuger has a head in-
jury, broken jaw and a fractured
The accident took place on U.S.
12, one-tenth of a mile east of
Harris Road in Ypsilanti,
IRENE MURPHY CARL BRABLEC
... leads ticket . , . elected Regent
EgyptAgrees To Cease
aids Accepts UN Aid
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (Ai-Dag Hammarskjold said yesterday
Egypt has agreed to prevent infiltration from the Gaza Strip into
Israel and has accepted the help of the United Nations Emergency
Force to seal the demarcation line.
The UN secretary general said he had sent Cairo a message say-
ing the UN seven-nation advisory committee on UNEF hoped ar-
rangements made with Egypt would deter incursions into Israel.
Hammarskjold said Egypt sent this reply:
"1. Egypt is making known effectively to the refugees and other
inhabitants of the Strip that it is Egyptian policy to prevent infiltra-
tion across 'the demarcation line,.
Wi Easy Victory
Republicans Connable, Watt Trail
By Heavy Margin in Late Returns
Democrats Irene Murphy of Birmingham and Carl Bra-
blec of Roseville were elected University Regents yesterday,
Mrs. Murphy came in first out of a field of four, which
included Republicans Alfred Barnes Connable, seeking his
third tert as Regent, and Ethel Jocelyn Watt.
With 3,190 precincts out of 5,181 reporting, Mrs. Murphy
had 345,940 votes, with 332,047 for Brablec. Connable trailed
Brablec by 25,000 and Mrs. Watt was 30,000 votes away from
On receiving news of his victory, Brablec told The Daily
he plans to "become thoroughly acquainted with the prob-
lems of the University up to
the time I officially become a
member of the Board in Jan- Democrats
By DIANE FRASER
Marilyn Houck, '58Ph, was an-
nounced as new Panhellenic Asso-
ciation president at Installation
Night last night.
"I can't organize a thought in
my head," Miss Houck, a member
of Alpha Xi Delta, remarked
amidst. the excitement of the eve-
Reflecting on future plans, she
said, "I hope to strengthen and
expand Panhel in the coming
Miss Houck believes that house
officers meetings to discuss ideas
and problems will result in more
unity between individual sorority
houses. These meetings would be
on the order of the present meet-
ings of pledge trainers from the
. Future plans include a list of
people from each house who are
interested in working with Panhel,
sidered "solely from the long-range1
point of view.''
But Chairman Emanuel Celler
(D-NY) said the subject probably
would not even be under considera-
tion if it had not been for Presi-
dent Eisenhower's illnesses. He said
Congress should act quickly, simp-
ly passing a law on the subject.
Brownell said he could not agree
with Rep. Celler that there is a
"current emergency" so grave that
the country could not wait for a
constitutional amendment to be
considered by the states.
Brownell, frequently emphasiz-
ing that he was speaking for the
President, spent the morning
largely replying to objections that
have been made against the two
main features of the Eisenhower
and this will be re-emphasized
from time to time, as necessary.
"2. The Egyptian regulations
against infiltration, which include
penalties, are being again put into
force. The role of UNEF in assist-
ing in the prevention of infiltra-
tion will .be made clearly known
to the population of the Gaza
Strip by appropriate authorities."
Egypt bars Israel's ships from
the Suez Canal on the grounds
that the two nations still are at,
Under the 1888 convention for
freedom of navigation in the ca-l
nal, Egypt could legally bar an
enemy from the waterway.
In Suez. Egypt, a 1,592 - ton
freighter, said by its agents to
be a British ship, reportedly plans
to pass through the Suez Canal
today. It arrived at the Red Sea
entrance to the waterway last
By The Associated Press
FRANKFURT, Germany - The'
first West German draftees since
World War II swarmed into their
barracks yesterday, boosting the
strength of the Bonn Republic's
new army to 90,000 men.
* * * -
WASHINGTON - The Senate
yesterday voted 54-23 to permit
barter of surplus United States
farm commodities to Iron Curtain
countries, and passed a bill making
an additional billion dollars avail-
able for surplus disposal abroad.
* * *
WASHINGTON - The United
States yesterday lifted its five-
month-long ban on travel to Egypt,
Israel, Syria and Jordan,
He said it would take time to
become familiar with University
finance, the faculty and the stu-
In answer to a pre-election
Daily questionnaire Brablec said
that tuition raises must be con-
sidered in light of the demand for
teachers, engineers, scientists and
other professionally trained per-
Mrs. Murphy, who conducted a
vigorous campaign throughout the
state, said "The people have told
me what they want. Now I must
find out how it can be done."
She commented that during her
campaign, which included greeting
workers at factory gates, she learn-
ed things no alumnae group could
tell her. "The people are more con-
cerned with education now than
Late returns at 2:30 a.m. today
had Irene Murphy and Carl
Brablec leading their Republi-
can opponents by approximately
ever before. They feel that their
children cannot survive without a
sound educational background."
Mrs. Murphy said we are now in
the second chapter of the twen-
tieth century. "The first chapter
was the accomplishment of eco-
nomic security," she said. "The
second achievement will be solving
the problems of educational secur-
Mrs. Murphy will also take ofice
Brablec has been superintendent
of schools in Roseville since 1947.
He is a University graduate and
has also attended Eastern Michi-
gan College and Michigan State
Mrs. Murphy received her MA
from the University in 1928.
She has directedarcase work
program for the Detroit Public
Welfare Department and served on
a United States mission to Manila
to administer foreign aid. She also
advised the Philippine government
on social welfare in behalf of the
With the election of the two
Democratic candidates the eight
member board will have four mem-
bers from each party. Mrs. Murphy
and Brablec will replace Republi-
cans Vera Baits and Connable.
The Regents govern all Univer-
sity internal affairs. The Board is
a corporate body and a constitu-
tional part of the state govern-;
ment. The state legislature cannot,
by constitutional guarantee, govern,
University internal affairs.
YDs, YRs Aida
DETROIT WP) - With strong
Wayne County support, Democrats
pushed into comfortable leads for
all 10 offices at stake in the state-
wide Spring election.
They threatened to drive Repub-
licans out of the last two major
administrative positions held by
the GOP in Lansing, to gain con-
trol of the State Board of Agricul-
With more than half the vote
counted, three Democratic nomi-
nees for the State Supreme Court
also were ahead, and appeared on
the way to preserving the five to
three Democratic majority on the
Republicans were putting up the
stiffest opposition in contests for
State Highway Commissioner and
State Board of Education.
-In the Highway Commissioner
race, Democrat John C. Mackie,
young Flint surveyor, was ahead
of Republican George M. Foster
367,848 to 330,762 on the basis of
returns from 3,351 of the state's
Chris Magnusson,Democrat for
the State Board of Education, led
Republican George WV. Dean 274,-
561 to 257,433 with 2,647 precincts
As returns continued to pile up,
these were the figures on other
For State Superintendent of
Public Instruction: 3,352 precincts
gave Democrat Lynn M. Bartlett,
assistant superintendent of schools
in Grosse Pointe 360,672 votes to
316,557 for Edgar L. Harden, presi-
dent of Northern Michigan College
Two Full Terms
Thomas M. Kavanaugh and Tal-
bot Smith of Ann Arbor, incum-
bent, were leading in the race for
the two full term vacancies on the
Michigan Supreme Court.
The count from 3,162 precincts
gave Michael O'Hara 237,835; Rob-
ert E. Childs, 157,801; Kavanaugh,
269,037; and Smith, 266,142.
John D. Voelker, also a present
Justice, led Joseph A. Moynihan,
254,988 to 200,145 for the short
term Supreme Court vacancy'.
For State Board of Agriculture,
Michigan State University govern-
ing body, with two to be elected:
3,351 precincts gave Democrats
G. Don Stevens of Grand Rapids
358,307 votes and Jan P. Vander-
ploeg of Forth Muskegon 349,292.
Their Republican rivals trailed
with Frederick H. Mueller of
Grand Rapids, bidding for another
Honor Systems Vary in Form, Scope
(Ed. Note - This is the first of a
series of three stories dealing with
honor systems at higher educational
By RICHARD TAUB
An honor system is something
difficult to define.
Basically, it is a way of life
built upon the principles of per-
sonal integrity. Wherever an hon-
or system is in effect, it is assumed
students are honest and can be
trusted to uphold certain regula-I
tions without external supervis-1
Honor systems apply to a great
many phases of college life. In
some schools they reach into the
social sphere. Students enforce
their own rules about drinking,
smoking in rooms, signing out and
other phases of school conduct.
Applies to Testing
But wherever an honor system
of any form does exist, it will
usually apply to the way in which
examinations are given. At some
schools, this mns only non-proc-E
not given or received aid on this
Some schools, as the University
medical school, also require "I
have seen no one give or receive
aid on this examination" to be
signed. Failure to report someone
violating the code is considered
"tantamount to cheating."
Report for Cheating
For most schools, however, the
second statement is implicit in
the first. For many, honor sys-
tems stand or fall on whether stu-,
dents are willing to "turn in"
somebody else for cheating.
Some small colleges require a,
pledge to be signed only upon en-
tering the school.
There is dispute about the value
of pledges Some people maintain
if a student will cheat, he won't
hesitate to sign a pledge. Those in
favor of the pledge often agree
with this, but claim the pledges
help to remind the students of the
system at all times.
Where pledges are required, pa-.
through the lines of his comrades, of preventing dishonesty and hope-
never to return aga-in. less as a means of education."
In a survey conducted by the The report encourages students
United States National Students' to turn in people caught cheating,
Association, 1200 colleges and uni- because "auniversity in which
versities were asked if they had cheating, stealing, or lying is tol-
any type of honor system. Of those erated is discredited, as are its
answering, 231 have honor sys- students."
tems, 429 do not. Past experience As the university clearly con-
ILas shown schools which do not siders cheating to be a violation of
answer generally do not have such the system, it also discourages sev-
a program. eral practices which are "fringe
A violations." These include pla-
Achool rietyh hoosys giarism, falsifying the class roll
Schools with honor systems and signing false names to library
range from eastern Princeton to cards.
far midwestern Colorado A&M, I Students must sign the "pledge"
from tiny Reed College in Oregon, on any paper or exam they turnj
to the University of North Caro- in or it will not be graded.
lina at Chapel Hill. A faculty member may also
According to the USNSA report, turn in a student suspected of
about five large co-educational cheating. However, it is empha-
state universities comparable to sized the honor councils are the
I the University have honor systems. only groups to act on all cases.
Our engineering 'college also main- Two Councils
tains such a program. There are two councils, men's
The co-educational University of and women's, to which members'
North Carolina has about 7,000 are elected in bi-annual all-cam-
students. Not only is an honor sys- pus elections, after interviews with
Youn Deocrts ad Yungterm, showing 319,554 votes and
Youbn Democrad anpYoungeFrank Merriman, Deckerville dairy
Republicans supplied manpower fre,3747