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VOL. LXVII. No. 128 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 1957
Names Air Force Gen. Twining
As Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff
WASHINGTON (P-President Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday
ordered the biggest reshuffle of top military leaders since the year he
Named to head the Joint Chiefs of Staff was Air Force Gen.
Nathan F. Twining.
Gen. Twining, a member of the Joint Chiefs since 1953, will succeed
Adm. Arthur W. Radford as chairman on Aug. 15. Adm. Radford will
step down after serving two two-year terms-the longest tenure which
the law allows.
President Eisenhower also nominated--subject to Senate confir-
mation--a new Air Force chief of staff, a new deputy secretary of
In City- Jobs
Denied by Brown
By JAMES ELSMAN
Democratic mayoralty candidate
Samuel Eldersveld of the political
science department yesterday
charged there is discrimination
against Negroes in City depart-
Speaking at the University fac-
ulty luncheon, Prof. Eldersveld
supported his contention, remark-
ing there are "no Negroes in the
Fire Department and it is generally
difficult for a Negro to get any-
thing but a garbage collectors job."
Contacted by The Daily, incum-
bent Republican Mayor William
Brown fired back at Prof. Elders-
veld's charge, "That is a lie. I
was instrumental in employing
colored people in City Hall."
The Mayor said employment pol-
icy was set by the City Adminis-
trator and department heads. He
listed over five City departments
which now employ Negroes.
Prof. Eldersveld is on record as
advocating a Human Relations
Commission to work in the inte-
Mayor Brown said he is also
concerned with work in the human
relations area, and remarked he
appointed a Human Relations
Committee to study existing condi-
tions, but that they hadn't report-
ed yet because "the Democratic
member hasn't been attending
At the luncheon Prof. Elders-
veld called Republican promises
of tax reduction "irresponsible."
He voiced many suggestions for
gaining additional funds for the
City, including "perfecting" the
property tax as a revenue source,
attracting more industry to Ann
Arbor, and considering a munici-
pal income tax.
Mayor Brown noted during the
past year of his administration
assessed valuation in the City has
increased $9,000,000 and 1400
building permits, totaling $35,000,-
000 have been granted. He said
this would yield the City additional
tax rveriue now and in the future.
The Mayor said "smears and lies
that have no basis in fact" have
irritated him and caused him to
work harder than ever before to
win on April 1.
Prof. Eldersveld also said the
Mayor and Council have "befog-
ged" the bus issue with "the tech-
nicalities of negotiation and inves-
He criticized the present govern-
* ment for not clarifying "the pres-
ent state of thesituation" and
concluded, "It seems inevitable
that there will be some interrup-
tion of bus service after April 6."
Joint Judiciary decided yester-
day to "let stand" the recent elec-
tion of senior class officers for
education school, according to Ju-
diciary Chairman Herb Wander,
A petition from Sigma Nu fra-1
4of defense and a new secretary -of
the Air Force.
Donald A. Quarles, now secretary
of the Air Force, was named to be
deputy secretary of defense, the
No. 2 position in the defense estab-
lishment now held by Reuben Rob-
Effective in April
The resignation of Robertson,
who came to the Pentagon in
August 1955 with the understand-
ing he would remain not more
than two years, also was an-
nounced by the White House. Rob-
ertson asked that it become effec-
tve April 25.
To succeed Twining as com-
mander of the Air Force, President
Eisenhower nominated General
Thor. as D. White, now the vice-
chief of the USAF.
James H. Douglas, undersecre-
tary of the Air Force, was chosen
to fill the secretaryship being va-
cated by Quarles.
Adm. Arleigh Burke was at the
time nominated for a second two-'
year term as chief of naval opera-
The White House said Gen.
Maxwell Taylor will continue in
his term as Army chief of staff
until June 29, 1959.
Six newly-elected Student Gov-
erment Council members will
meet with the Council for the first
time at 7:30 p.m. today in the
Council Room, Student Activities
President Joe Collins, '58, plans
to bring up his proposal for a
fourth SGC officer, an administra-
tive vice-president, for discussion
The proposal also implies Ad-
ministrative Wing members tak-
ing over committee chairmanships
from SGC members. Coordination
of committees would be under the
Also on the agenda is a proposal
allocating Homecoming profits to
cover J-Hop losses.
Back to New York
CAIRO (P)--United Nations Sec-
retary General Dag Hammarskjold
flew back to New York yesterday
with a modified Egyptian plan for
operation of the Suez Canal.
A reliable informant said the
plan "would please everyone but
it should be acceptable to the
Diplomatic circles and Egyptian
and UN sources said the "ameli-
orated" Nasser canal plan shapes
up as follows:
1) Egyptian authorities will col-
lect all canal tolls.
2) A fixed percentage will be de-
posited in a separate account for
use by the UN Technical Assist-
ance Board to maintain and de-
velop the canal. One press report
here said this would be 25 per cent.
3) Freedom of shipping will be
guaranteed by reaffirmation of the
1888 Constantinople convention
guaranteeing unhindered access to
Gaza Strip Unsettled
Informants also said no solid
agreement was reached on the
Egyptian position in the Gaza
Strip but that much progress was
made in clarifying it.
Egypt has restored its civil ad-
ministration to the strip over Is-
The informant hinted that Nas-
ser may have given Hammarskjold
an oral commitment not to move
troops into the strip immediately
or to take any other action to dis-
turb the situation.
Not Going to Israel
Hammarskjold is not going to
Israel on this trip. He had made
known from the first that an Is-
raeli visit depended on develop-
The sunken tug Edgar Bonnet,
last block in the canal to passage
of ships up to 20,000 tons, is to be
towed out of the way Wednesday.
Only Egyptian permission will
then be needed for three-fourths
or more of normal canal traffic to
YD's 'To Elect
The Young Democrats will hold
an organizational meeting at 7:30
p.m. today in Rm. 3G of the Un-
ion, according to President Bill
Club officer nominations and
elections will be held. There will
also be discussion of future plans,
initiation of a membership drive
and formation of committees to
represent the local club at the YD
BOARD OF GOVERNORS:
By RICHARD TAUB'
A careful study of the freshman-upperclassman structure of Uni-
versity residence halls was suggested yesterday by Prof. Lionel Laing
of the political science department.
He said the most effective use of the system and students' atti-
tude toward the set-up should be determined.-
Prof. Laing told the Residence Hall Board of Governors such con-
sideration might lead to a "change in philosophy" of the Board toward
its present housing program.
Discussion grew out of a motion by Jean Scruggs, '58, former As-
sembly president, that Betsy Barbour residence remain a junior-senior
- house next year, reverting to a
By MICHAEL KRAFT
"The last election demonstrated
that political parties are reaching
a new low in influence," John Fei-
kens, former Michigan state chair-
man of the Republican Party said
Speaking before the University
chapter of the American Society
for Public Administration, Feikens
declared "personalities dominated
politics" during the last election
and cited the victories of President
Dwight D. Eisenhower and Gover-
nor G. Mennen Williams.
"Political parties, by their trend
to run toward partisanship, are
losing out," he said during an in-
formal question and answer period
following his speech.
He noted that "patronage or-
ganizations, the big city machines,
took a clobbering and are just
"In Wayne County we have a
more issue-type orientated group
which will still hold on," he said,
referring to the strong Democratic
"The one thing that will beat
personalities is an issue," said the
man who chaired the state GOP
party from 1952 until last Febru-
ary's convention, and headed the
1952 "Citizens for Eisenhower
Committee' in Michigan.
During his introductory remarks,
the former chairman said "my
motivation for getting into politics
was mostly personality. I was im-
pelled by what I feared if another
candidate got the GOP nomina-
tion." Since then, he added, "my
motivations have been issue moti-
Focusing on state politics, he
observed "In much the same way,
people have not been thinking in
issues but how to get somebody
Feikens cited this as a reason
that "one problem, especially on
the state level, is the formation of
party programs and platforms, be-
cause platform committee mem-
bers often don't have background
in the issues."
four-year residence in 1958-59.
Miss Scruggs requested the ex-
tension, which was granted, for a
further study of upper-class dor-
mitories, adding that it would not
be easy to effectively convert Bar-
bour into a four year dorm in Sep-
Seniors Moving Out
Vice-President for Student Af-
fairs James A. Lewis noted the
trend of seniors moving out of resi-
dence halls as well as fraternity
"But we may. have been over-
estimating the role of seniors in
the residence hall," he cautioned.
He suggested the council think
seriously about the establishment
of a freshman residence hall or
house, on an experimental basis.
"We have been speculating on
what would happen with a fresh-
man residence hall. Maybe we
ought to try it," he explained.
He declared the board should
"think dangerously" about money
now being spent for counseling.
Dean of Women Deborah Bacon
said seniors moved out because of
a basic conflict in "the four year
cycle" of the academic structure,
and maturation in a "social-socio-
logical way of life in a three year
She said the Dean of Women's
office was considering establish-
ment of some type of upper class
dorm in the new Markley Hall
scheduled for completion in the
fall of 1958.
Prefer Freshman Dorms
Miss Scruggs said if special resi-
dence halls were established, she
had believed women would prefer
freshman and sophomore dorms to
purely freshman ones.
Lewis stressed the importance of
this discussion. While new resi-
dence halls are under considera-
tion, the board should determine
what changes it should make, he
The Inter-House Council motion
to set up a faculty-adviser-student
committee to study residence halls
was tabled until the scope of the
study could be determined.
Eddins To Lecture
Prof. Berkley Eddins will speak
on "A Re-evaluation of the Ne-
gro's Approach to Racial Advance-
ment" at 8 p.m. today in Rm. 3R
of the Union.
The talk is being sponsored by
the Culture Club.
IMPACT OF MILITARY-Prof. Morris Janowitz (left) and Prof.
Cecil Land spoke before an audience of forty people at the Politi-
cal Issues Club meeting last night. .
Political Club .Discusses
U.S. Military Influence
By TAMMY MORRISON
The first Political Issues Club program of the semester broke out
in hot discussion last night as the audience and two professors debated
the implications of increasing military influence in American life.
Prof. Morris Janowitz of the sociology department told an audience
of 40 people jammed into the Union's Rm. 3M that the present selective
service system is inadequate for the military problems the United
States is now facing.
"We need a standing army that's ready to operate instantan-
eously," he said, and further asked for more understanding of the
military on the civilian level.
Members of the audience particularly took issue with military
influence on 'political discussion. Club President Al Lubowitz, '57,
said today's college students,
STATE SCHOOL HEAD
Clare Taylor Predicts
More College Mergers
By DIANE LABAKAS
A continuing merger of state colleges was predicted yesterday
by State Superintendent of Public Instruction Clare Taylor.
Speaking at the Board of Education Conference in Rackham
Lecture Hall, Taylor said "the 48 or 50 state colleges are not ade-
quate to meet today's modern education needs."
The expansion problem of Michigan colleges will probably have
to be solved through merger instead of financing of independent
schools by the state and by local tuition, Taylor declared.
He cited the University's branch at Flint and Michigan
State University's new expansion in Oakland County as ex-
amples of the "new pattern" of
merging. SHAKESPEARE, STUD
"As long as the need for more
schools exists and the people'want
it, this new pattern will continue
to develop," Taylor asserted. He
pointed to the $150 million Michi-
gan taxpayers bonded themselves One of Shakespeare's best known
last year to verify their interest dramas will be presented this week
in school expansion. by the Ann Arbor Civic Theater.
The Past Must Go "The Merchant of Venice" will
Looking into the future, Taylor open at the Dramatic Arts audi-
foresaw the elimination of one- torium at 8:15 p.m. tomorrow in
room rural school rooms by 1965 the a Tep.
and fewer school districts. the Masonic Temple.
"We are trying to get school Termed "a good tale admirably
districts to again be a central vo- told," by Prof. G. B. Harrison of
cal point like they were intended the English department. "The
"knowing they're going to be hand-
ed a list of organizations when
they get into the army, and askedj
to check the ones they belonged to,
are afraid to form any political
connections while they are in col-
Depends on Student
Prof. Cecil Land, director of the
Reserve Officer's Training Corps
here, said such a list depended on
which area of the army the stu-
Another student countered Prof.
Janowitz's previous contention that
the army had removed racial bar-
riers with "we may get social free-
doms in the army, but not political
ones. Soldiers wouldn't dare ex-
press themselves freely on contro-
The question of maintaining civil
control over the military should
therefore be taught in college, in-
stead of leaving it up to military
indoctrination, Prof. Janowitz an-
swered. The solution, he said was
not to isolate the military element
from the civilian one.
An international student sug-
gested that upping the military's
prestige could lead to American
Prof. Janowitz returned "civilian
society must be willing to meet
the problems raised by the ready
reserve. I'd like to get up and
say 'throw away your guns,' but
I don't think that's looking at the
present situation realistically.
To Stop Troop
WASHINGTON P) - Secretary
of State John Foster Dulles moved
yesterday to'keep Egypt from arbi-
trarily kicking out United Nations
peace troops and to avoid a shoot-
ing showdown in. the Gulf of Aqa-
Dulles told his news conference:
1. Egypt has no right at this
time to order withdrawal of the
UN Emergency Force.
2. The United States will ask
the United Nations to seek, an ad-
visory opinion from the World
Court on whether the Straits of
Tiran, which form the narrow
mouth of the Gulf of Aqaba, em-
brace international waters.
Dulles underwent questioning
also on the U.S.=British talks at
Bermuda, which ended last Sun-
day. In response, he declared:
1. It. seemed unprofitable to try
to reach a formal arrangement for
a common U.S.-British policy to-
ward the Middle East. But, he
said, hope for such was made more
likely during long, informal talks.
2. The U.S.-British practice of
coordinating systems for warn-
ings of possible Soviet attack was
reviewed, but not changed sub-
3. In time, France and other
U.S. allies will be outfitted with
guided missiles and similar mod-
ern weapons, but as a practical
matter plans immediately call for
starting only with Britain.
He said the United States also
believes that, under the Feb. 2
UN resolutions, the UN troops
should be stationed on both Egyp-
tian and Israeli sides of the truce
Faces AFL-CIO Ban,
Charges of Contempt
WASHINGTON (M)-Dave Beck.
boss of the far-flung Teamsters
Union, wrapped himself in the pro-
tective folds of the fifth amend-
ment yesterday and refused to say
whether he took more than $320,-
of union money for personal use.
Beck also declined flatly to say
whether he was lying or telling the
truth before millions looking in
on television March 17 when he
said he had borrowed between
$300,000 and $400,000 from the
union in the last 10 years and re-
paid it without interest.
The chunky, voluble president
of the teamsters immediately en-
countered not so veiled suggestions
from Senate rackets probers that
he may wind up on trial and may
encounter charges of contempt of
He also may face punishment by
the AFL-CIO executive council. He
is a council member and an AFL.
If he was bothered by it all,
during a day-long grilling by a
special senate committee, Beck
showed it not at all. He rejected
firmly a demand from Senator
John Kennedy (D-Mass) that he
hand in his resignation as head
of the nation's biggest union.
"I'm personally confronted," he
said, "with a situation I'm positive
will be disposed of 100 per cent
satisfactorily to me when the final
days of accounting come in court."
Beck declared he was exercising
his constitutional right against
self-incrimination, under the fifth
amendment, only on the advice of
his lawyers. He did it dozens of
times, under a formula his attor-
neys revised as he went along,
when confronted by contentions
from the investigators that he:
Used union funds to repay loans
from banks, build his Seattle,
Wash., home, bolster his own
bank account, and pay personal
bills for such items as gardening,
shirts, and expensive neckties.
Comiittee counsel Robert F.
Kennedy said some $85,000 of un-
ion money was used to pay per-
sonal bills. He said it was chan-
neled through Nathan Shefferman,
Chicago labor consultant for busi-
ness firms around the country and
a friend of Beck for some 20 years.
Shefferman himself took the
witness stand at the end of the
day and testified he paid Beck
$24,500 in 1949 and 1950 for busi-
ness Beck swung his way.
Annual spring fashion sup-
plement will appear with to-
le e t wl ap ermorrow 's issue of The T e l teD ais y en a d wo e i l yued
ThelaestInstyle for both
men and women will be fea-
Reds Say No
To Test Plan
MOSCOW (M')- Soviet Russia
yesterday gave the brush-off to the
Bermuda plan to give advance
notice on atomic test explosions
and to invite international obser-
vation of the experiments.
But Leonid F. flyichev, Foreign
Ministry prese chief, stopped short
of outright rejection of the pro-
posal made by President Dwight D.
Eisenhower and British Prime
Minister Harold Macmillan.
He said Russia favored a "radi-
cal solution"-outright prohibition
of nuclear tests - rather than
partment, Civic Theater Plays Ready
University speech department
will present performances of two
one-act plays, "The Burning
Ground," and "Man In Armour,"
at 8 p.m., tomorrow through Sat-
urday at Lydia Mendelssohn The-
The plays will be presented
through the cooperation of the
"The Burning Ground," by Ron-
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