President of the Philippines
See Page 4
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXVH, No. 122
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCH 19, 1957
S i~lwI PAGES
City Group Asks
Local Corporation Petitions Council
To Operate Ann Arbor Bus Line
By PHILIP MUNCK and JAMES ELSMAN
A locally financed group, the Ann Arbor Transit Corporation,
asked the City Council yesterday for a franchise to operate a bus sys-
tem in the City when present arrangements expire April 6.
"I'm glad to see someone finally made us a concrete proposal,"
commented Mayor William Brown. The Council postponed a decision
on the request until later in the week, when a special meeting will be
Also last night, the Council directed City Administrator Guy Lar-
corn to send a letter protesting run
4Denies Deal I
Claims U.S. Makes P
No Secret Promises e
WASHINGTON (AP) - Secretary n
of State John Foster Dulles was
s reported to have told senators yes-
terday the United States has made w
n'o secret promises to support Is- $
rael's position in the Middle East. g
Senators who came out of a ti
closed meeting of the Foreign Re- p
lations Committee before which is
Sec. Dulles testified also said the
secretary gave them an optimistic W
report of conditions in the Middle P
Fresh from a conference with w
Goldta Meir, Israel's foreign min- fl
ister, Sec. Dulles was said to have e
been pressed as to whether this
country had promised Israel to
back up her claim of free passage e
of ships through the Gulf of Aqa- s
Expression of Hopes t
Sec. Dulles was quoted as re- /
plying there were no commitments
beyond the expression of "hopes a
and expectations" that Israel a
withdrawal of military forces A
from the Gaza Strip would lead
to that country's having free pas- re
sage through the gulf of Aqaba n
and other gains. t
Even before Sec. Dulles came w
out of the Senate committee cc
meeting, it seemed apparent that B
Mrs. Meir had failed in her first
effort to argue him into a tougher
U.S. policy toward President Ga- f
mal Nasser of Egypt. b
Mrs. Meir flew dramatically to i
Washington from Jerusalem amid le
Israeli statements that her goal t
was U.S. support of Israel's "stop
Nasser" campaign. s
SThree Hour Meeting h
But no change in U.S. policy w
showed up in the four-paragraph "v
joint statement issued after she A
met for more than three hours
with Dulles and his aides.
What it added up to was that
Mrs. Meir seemed to have blunted
her lance on the shield of Sec. I
Dulles' adamant disinclination to l
j abandon the U.S. friends-to-both
policy in the Middle East. ,
At United Nations, N. Y. Mrs.
Meir said later in the day that
she made clear to UN Secretary d
General Dag Hammarskjold that ye
Israel will not agree to "a belli- di
gerent Egypt" returning to the gr
Gaza Strip, of
Replying to a question of
whether she thought Egyptian re- 1,(
entry into Gaza could be undone, de
she said, "It must be." on
Meanwhile, Amercian officials a
had new cause for alarm in the to
troubled area. Sandi Arabia's for-
eign minister, Crown Prince Fai- ni
sal, arrived in Cairo for talks with M
Officials Alarmed tu
This was a followup to Saudi
Arabian statements that the Gulf ca
of Aqaba is Arab territory. And wE
it alarmed officails fearful lest ki
Saudi Arabia get embroiled in the
Egypt-Israel quarrel. If that hap- W
pened, U.S. policy towards Saudi te
Arabia would have to be reap- cc
Since Saudi Arabia has become gi
a cornerstone of the Eisenhower do
doctrine ir, the Arab world, this b
makes it much more difficult for lie
the United States to give Israel .
the support she demands for her
Those who know King Saud say i
Amerian nlACcure on the 4r a
nored changes in Census Bureau
olicies to the Bureau, United
tates Senators and Representa-
ives, the State Legislature, and
ther college cities.
Because the State redistributes
ax monies on a per-capita basis,
arcom said the City could lose
ver a half million dollars in 1960
f the University's enrollment was
ot included in the City's popula-
Ann Arbor Transit Corporation
roposed to offer bus service from
:30 a.m. to 7 p.m. every day
except Sundays and holidays.
Buses and drivers would be fur-
Ashed by Transit Corporation.
$200 in Good Faith
The local corporation's proposal
as accompanied by a check for
200 to the City as evidence of
ood faith. Also Transit Corpora-
ion said it would raise a $2,000
erfornance bond if the franchise
Fares on the proposed system
ould be twenty-five cents per
Although the Transit Corp. offer
vas the first concrete one, an offer
'om a Washington, D.C. firm is
Last fall, Greyhound Lines, pres-
nt operators of the City's transit
ystem, cited financial losses and
nformed the City they would have
o discontinue their services.
Greyhound originally set their
sitting date as March 1, but this
as later extended to April 6. so
provision for the City toroperate
bus line could be put on the
.pril l ballot.
In the letter to the Census Bu-
eau, Larcom said the City is
ow awarded $17.44 per student in
ax redistribution. He said the City
ould view with "extreme con-
ern" any proposed change in the
Nine Months a Year
Larcom said in his letter it was
air for the City to count students
ecause the City provides "govern-
ent services" to most students at
ast nine months a year and to
he University on a year-around
Prof. Charles Joiner of the law
chool, a council member, said he
ad recently discussed the issue
ith the mayor of Kalamazoo who
welcomed leadership" from Ann
nipped in Bud
EAST LANSING W)-Eight stu-
ents at Michigan State University
esterday were up for possible
isciplinary action as an out-
owth of a boisterous celebration
Spartan basketball prowess.
The youths were among nearly
000 who staged an impromptu
emonstration on campus that at
ne point threatened to turn into
"panty raid" on women's dormi-
The celebration, late Saturday
ght ana early Sunday, followed
ichigar State's 80-62 cage tri-
nph over the University of Ken-
cky at Lexington, Ky.
Richard O. Bernitt, assistant
ampus police chief, said the eight
ere detained for "action of a
nd that might incite a riot."
They were not arrested, but
ere released for appearances la-
r in the week before the faculty
mmittee on student conduct.
The demonstration, which ori-
nated in the vicinity of a men's
)rtnitory, carried first to the
ndshell, where student pep ral-
s customarily are held.
Then, a portion of the crowd,
ith some members shouting "We
ant panties," surged to the vici-
ty of some women's dormitories.
University officials said one un- I
Cairo Radio Says
UNEF Will Evacuate
GAZA WP)-The United Nations
Emergency Force clung to its
Gaza headquarters yesterday but
moved increasing numbers of
troops to 24-hour guard duty on
the Israeli frontier.
Egypt moved more firmly into
control of the Gaza Strip.
Cairo radio said the Egyptian
governor of Gaza announced
UNEF had agreed to move out of
its headquarters building in Gaza
and leave all towns in the Strip
within 48 hours.
The radio indicated the move-
ment of UNEF forces to the Israeli
frontier would be completed to-
Many Egyptian military vehi-
cles, mostly Soviet-made jeeps
and trucks, showed up in Gaza.
Aside from 50 military police-
men who came in last week with
the new Egyptian governor, the
number of Egyptian military per-
sonnel in the Strip could not be
Jail Goes to Egypt
The UNEF turned over the
Gaza jail to Palestinian police un-
der Egypt's control.
The principal task of the UNEF
now is to prevent any infiltra-
tion across the line from either
the Gaza or Israeli side. The
troops are under orders to warn
any violators and to fire if the
warning is not heeded.
The University Drama Board,
and directors of the Dramatics
Arts Center will meet tonight to
discuss the future of Ann Arbor
Prof. Albert Marckwardt of the
English department, chairman of
the Drama Board, described to-
night's meeting as "informal,"
adding "we're just going to talk
over the problems of theater here,
and do a little exploring in the
DAC did not request the confer-
ence, but accepted an invitation to
meet from the Board, according to
Richard Mann, Center president.
The Drama Board was formal-
ized Feb. 16 by the Regents as a
nine-man advisory body to the
annual Spring Drama Season,
Prof. Marckwardt then precluded
the group as "competition for
DAC," but suggested that it might
try to bring to Ann Arbor some
of the touring professional pro-
ductions at times other than the
At the same time, just five days
before the DAC Board of Direc-
tors announced suspension of the
Center's professional dramatic
series, Regent Eugene Powers, an-
other member of the new body, in-
dicated that if the Center should
have to close, a group of students
and professionals might be or-
ganized by the drama season board
to fill the vacuum.
Thirteen Seek SGC Terms;
Vote Feared Under 7,000
J-"op Committee, Union Directors,
Senior Class Officers To Be Chosen
By VERNON NAHRGANG
MEections Director Jim Childs, '57, fears less than 7,000 will vote
in all-campus elections today and tomorrow because of forecast
snow, sleet and rain.
The elections committee, still hoping, for a record 10,000 vote,
has offered to drive any student to and from the nearest polling
In the balloting, students will elect six Student Government
Council members, six Union Student Directors, a J-Hop Committee
senior class officers, and student members of the Intercollegiate Ath-
letics and Student Publications Boards.
Ferry For Voters
The elections committee, as a part of voting "hoop-la", bought
a 1939 Plymouth for $30, decorated it, and will use it as a ferry
OFFICIAL ELECTIONS CAR-Elections Director Jim Childs holds the door open on his committee's
recent purchase. The $30 vehicle will be used to drive students to and from polls during voting hours
today and tomorrow and will then be sold for junk.
DETROIT - An explosion in
the frame painting section of the
Ford Frame Plant ripped a 500
foot section of wall, injuring 26
and seriously burning five.
The explosion took place in an
800 foot long painting booth. The
plant is still operating and will
continue work this morning.
LOS ANGELES *(A) - Russian
submarine activity is increasing
and the area of its underwater
operations is expanding, the chief
of naval operations said yesterday.'
But when asked at a news confer-
ence if Russian submarines had
been spotted anywhere near the
United States, Admiral Arleigh
Burke smiled and said:
VENTURY, Calif. (R)-A sharp
earthquake jolted this southern
California coastal town yesterday
morning, breaking windows and
sending canned goods tumbling
from market shelves.
There were no reports of in-
* * *
LONDON (A') - Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan pleaded for ar-
bitration yesterday to end two
major industrial walkouts.
Macmillan said it caused him
"great grief" to have to leave
Tuesday for talks with President
Dwight D. Eisenhower in Bermuda
at a time when "domestic clouds
seem to be piling up."
* 4 *
WASHINGTON (AP)-Charles E.
Whittaker of Kansas City won
unanimous approval of the Senate
Judiciary Committee yesterday for
appointment to the United States
* * *
TUNIS MP)-About 250,000 joy-
ous Tunisians gave Vice-President
Richard M Nixon the most en-
thusiastic welcome of his Afican
They cheered, whistled and ap-
plauded him during a two-hour
parade through the city streets.
Garcia Takes Office;
Magsaysay Funeral Set
MANILA (AP) - Solemn-faced Carlos P. Garcia took the oath as
the Philippines' fourth president yesterday and ordered a state funer-
al and national mourning for President Ramon Magsaysay.
Magsaysay, 49 years old, hero of the young republic's fight to crush
the Communist Huk movement and establish a stable democracy, died
Sunday in a plane crash.
The country faced the prospect of election turmoil in the choice
of a new president next November.
Returned From Australia
Garcia, 60, vice president and foreign minister, had just returned
from a Southeast Asia Treaty Organization meeting in Australia,
when he raised his hand andt
swore the oath in 'a brief cere-
mony before Chief Justice Ri -
With Cabinet, Congress leaders
and newsmen as his witnesses, the
new president, who will serve un-
til November, made a brief speech
announcing he planned no change
in the Cabinet. He said he would
keep the post of foreign minister.
Month of Mourning
His first act was to arrange for
a state funeral on March 22 for
Magsaysay, and to order a month
of national mourning after the
A veteran of 33 years in Con-
gress, as governor of' his home
province on Bhol Island and as
vice president, the stocky Garcia
is considered a strong proponent
of Magsaysay's pro-Western poli-
. Magsaysay, who died with 26
other persons in the charred ruins
of his twin-engine plane on a
mountain side on Cebu Island, was
returning to Manila from a series
of commencement speeches in the
The only survivor, Nestor Mata
of the Philippine Herald, told his
newspaper the plane exploded be-
fore it hit the mountainside.
But the Herald said the news-
man was suffering from shock
when he dictated the story. He
suffered burns and had but a 50-
50 chance r recovery.
Not overlooking the possibility
of sabotage, authorities placed a
guard over the wreckage and the
scorched jungle area.
By -TAMMY MORRISON
President Ramon Magsaysay's
death was a severe blow to rela-
tions between the Philippines and
the United States, two University
political scientists agreed yester-
"The situation is a delicate one,"
Prof. Russell H. Fifield said. "We
have extensive military bases
there, but permanent agreements
on them have not been concluded
yet. With President Magsaysay
dead, such agreements will be all
the more difficult."
Prof. George W. Peek noted,
"the previous liberal policy will
probably be weakened, because
President Magsaysay's dynamism
The world can expect "a sort of
inter-regnum" until elections in
November, according to' Prof. Fi-
field. Senator Claro M. Recto,
President Magsaysay's political ri-
val, is the only person who has an-
nounced his candidacy.
Recto Wants Neutrality
According to both Prof. Fifield
and Prof. Peek, Sen. Recto is a
strong Philippine nationalist who
wants his country neutral and not
committed to the United States,
as President Magsaysay did.
The present Filipino chief, Car-
los P. Garcia, is "not a strong po-
litical figure. President Magsay-
say's death creates a vacuum in
terms of present leadership," Prof.
He also felt present Philippine
Ambassador to the U.S. Carlos P.
Romulo's chances for the Philip-
pine presidency were not good.
Magsaysay Took Risks
Both men were unwilling to
hazard a guess as to the likelihood
of sabotage in the President's
plane-crash death. Prof. Fifield
said, however, "The Communists
would like to have seen him killed
-he was their greatest foe. Presi-
dent Magsaysay took a lot of risks
and had a number of narrow es-
for voters wno ca b uG oficesz o
The committee plans to sell the
car for junk after the elections.
Other "hoop-la" adding to the
decor of spring elections is a
"German Band" scheduled to play
on the Diag.
Balloting places will open by 9
a.m. and cloe by 5 p.m. today
and tomorrow. A single poll in
front of the General Library will
stay open until 9 p.m. today.
Should it rain today as pre-
dicted, Childs said, voting booths
will be moved indoors at their
locations wherever possible. Post-
ers will indicate any moves.
13 For Six t
In the elections, 13 students are
candidates for six SOC positions.
Voters indicate their choices by
numbering any or all the candi-
dates in order of preference.
SGC candidates are:
Bob Bruton, '59; Scott Chrys-
ler, '59; Art Epker, '58BAd; Dun-
can Garrett, '58BAd; Ron Gregg,
'60; Judy Martin, '59; James C.
Park, '59; Jean Scruggs, '58; Nel
Sherburne, '59; Ronald Shorr, '58;
John T. Thomas, '58 BAd; Le-
Anne Toy, '59; and Phil Zook, '60.
Voters will also choose six Un-
ion Student Directors (formerly
vice-presidents) from a field of
12, and sophomores and first-
semester juniors will vote for nine
members of next year's J-Hop
Juniors in the literary and en-
gineering colleges and the educa-
tion and business administration
schools will elect class officers for
the coming year.
Athletics and Publications
Also at stake in today's elections
are three seats on the Board in
Control of Student Publications
and a single seat on the Board in
Control of Intercollegiate Athle-
Although Childs hopes for'a 10,-
000 vote, the highest for an SOC
election came in November, 1956,
when 7,120 students cast ballots.
Ballots will be counted, follow-
ing the closing of polling places
tomorrow, in the Union Ballroom.
Students must have their I-D
cards with them in order to vote.
Demand for all types of person-
nel to staff colleges and univer-
sities has increased 20 to 25 per
cent during the past year.
H. Glenn Ludlow, director of
the University Bureau of Ap-
pointments, said recently, "We're
experiencing a real upsurge in de-
mand for everything from instruc-
tors to deans and presidents."
Last year, the Bureau received
notice of 2,000 college teaching
vacancies. Ludlow expects this
year's vacancies to reach 2,500.
Sharply increased demand from
both industry and higher educa-
tion has created terrific competi-
tion for Ph.D graduates. "As a re-
sult' many colleges are simply not
going to have enough properly
The University, Ludlow notes,
with one of the largest mathemat-
ics departments in the country,
expects to produce only eight
Ph.D's in this field yearly. One
large equipment firm recently told
WASHINGTON (A) - A federal
grand jury yesterday indicted two
Teamsters Union vice presidents
and two lesser teamsters officials
on charges of contempt of Con-
The vice presidents indicted
were Einar O. Mohn of Washing-
ton, top administrator of the 1-
million-member union under Pres-
ident Dave Beck, and Frank W.
chairman of the 11-state Western
Brewster, Seattle, who is also
Conference of Teamsters.
The indictments came during a
recess in hearings of the Senate
committee iflvestigating alleged
racketeering in labor and indus-
try. Brewster is to resume the
witness stand when the hearings
get under way again today.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
meanwhile ordered federal in-
come tax records opened for the
rackets commtitee for the years
1945 to 1957.
Robert Kennedy, the commit-
tee's chief counsel, promptly said
he would request access to the
returns of Beck and Bewster.
Beck so far has not met two com-
mittee requests to turn over his
personal financial records.
Yesterday's indictments stem
from mid-January proceedings of
the Senate Investigations subcom-
mittee. Sen. John McClellan (D-
Ark) heads both the subcommit-
tee and the special rackets com-
Results of the subcommittee
Work led McClellan to set up the
broader rackets committee.
Claim No Jurisdiction
All 'four were charged with re-
fusing to answer questions put by
McClellan's Investigations sub-
committee in an inquiry prelimi-
nary to the present full-scale
The four claimed the subcom-
mittee lacked jurisdiction to in-
vestigate labor unions. Brewster
had appeared and answered ques-
tions in the rackets investigations
The White House, in announe-
ing President Eisenhower's action
giving the rackets committee ac-
cess to income tax returns, said it
was a step often taken to accom-
modate Senate investigations.
Generation, campus inter-arts
magazine, goes on sale today and
"The Bear, the Fox and Piran-
dello", a farce in once act by Vic-
tor Perera, grad., and "Song With-
out Words," a Hopwood winning
essay by Nancy Willard, '58, will
"A Pattern of Courtship" by
Ronald Beck, '58, and "The Sec-
' ond Life" by David Lowe, grad.,
are the two short stories in the
This Generation features eleven
poems by eight poets: Carin Claar.
Unions Aiming To End Rackets
By JOHN WEICHER
Organized labor is determined to wipe out every vestige of racket-
eering, Michigan CIO Council President Gus Scholle said last night.
Speaking before the local Young Democrats, he said the number
of union leaders engaging in racketeeriing of the type being investi-
gated by the McClellan Committee is "very insignificant."
The vast majority of union leaders, Scholle asserted, intend to
drive these racketeers out of the trade union movement.
He noted that at the time of the AFL-CIO merger in 1955 an Ethi-
cal Practices Committee was set up to investigate cases of misuse of
union funds and similar abuses.
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