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VOL. LXVII No. 117 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCH 12, 1957
Soviets Ask Big Four Declaration
On Mid-East; U.S. Doubts Sincerity
WASHINGTON (M)--The United States, acting jointly with Britain
and France, yesterday rejected a Russian proposal for a Big Four
declaration covering the Middle East.
The American government said the great nations should not
"arrogate to themselves decisions on matters of vital import" to the
Middle Eastern countries.
Good Faith Questioned
In a note delivered in Moscow and made public here, the United
States questioned Russia's good faith in proposing on February 11 that
the three Western countries join Moscow in a six-point statement of
principles regulating their Middle Eastern policies.
The American note told the Soviets bluntly that "there is cause
for considerable doubt as to the seriousness of the Soviet government's
LONDON (A')-Middle East oil is
flowing toward Western Europe
again after a four-month stand-
A London spokesman of the Iraq
Petroleum Co. announced here
that pumps started pushing oil
across Syria to the Mediterranean
yesterday. The oil will begin reach-
ing the coast terminal at Baniyas
These supplies by-pass the Suez
Canal, still closed to shipping, and
are loaded on tankers at Baniyas
for shipment to Western Europe,
A broadcast from the British-
protected island of Bahrein, in the
Persian Gulf, said oil had started
flowing to the refinery on the
island from Saudi Arabia Satur-
These were the first positive ad-!
vances toward relieving the oil
shortage that hit Western Europe
at the time of the Suez invasion
by British and French forces. Iraqi [
oil was then cut off from the West
because pipeline installations
across Syria were blown up by the
Sy'rian army. Saudi Arabia banned
oil exports to Britain and France.
However, the resumed pipeline
flow will be at a reduced rate for
An IPC spokesman explained:
"The 30-inch pipeline to Baniyas
is the newest of the three and
therefore was in better condition
and needed less repairs. We have
heard officially that pumping
through this pipeline actually has
The other IPC pipelines, a 16-
inch and a 12-inch, run to Tripoli
on Lebanon's Mediterranean coast.
They should be operating again
"within a day or two," the spokes-
man said. These also bypass Suez.
The company is owned by
British, French, Dutch and Ameri-
The London spokesman said: "It
will take a long time to get the
pipeline repaired completely. It
may be over a year before we get
back to the normal rate."
A team of 20 engineers had been
working on repairs since last Fri-
Oil shipped to Bahrein from
Saudi Arabia normally is shipped
through the Suez Canal.
There was no definite indication
when that waterway would be re-
opened to tankers. However, a
Suez Canal authority spokesman
} said yesterday the United Nations
salvage fleet will begin work todN'y
on the tug Edgar Bonnet, one of
the two major obstructions still
sunk in the canal.
The spokesman said ships of up
to 500 tons will be allowed to go
through the canal today.
The Egyptians have been wait-
ing for Israeli troops to get out of
the Gaza Strip and the Gulf of
The Canal might be opened to
ships of the largest tonnage in a
month or less
Race for SGC
*invitation to the government of
the United States to join it in
cooperation in the Middle East."
It said Soviet attacks on United
States Middle Eastern and Eastern
European policies, almost simul-
taneously with the delivery of the
Soviet proposal to the Western
powers, "suggests that the U.S.S.R.
neither desires nor expects such
Ready To Cooperate
The United States reply was
worked out in conferences with
British and French officials here
during the last month. Britain and
France delivered similar notes in
Moscow today. State Department
officials said they made the same
main points, but were not identi-
cal in wording.
The United States, the American
note said, is basing its Middle East
and other foreign policies on the
United Nations charter and is
"ready to cooperate with any coun-
try, great or small, sincerely dedi-
cated" to carrying out United Na-
It said it thus supports those
principles in the Russian-proposed
declaration which conform with
the UN charter. It named these as
"peaceful settlement of disputes;
non-interference in internal af-
fairs; respect for sovereignty and
Democratic candidate for Uni-
versity Regent, Irene Murphy, vis-
ited Ann Arbor yesterday to tour
the campus ^nd talk with student
Accompanied by Regent Eugene
Powers and her campaign man-
ager, Louise Kane, Mrs. Murphy
discussed problems of University
expansion, housing, the Lecture
Committee a n d discrimination
with members of Student Govern-
ment Council and the Daily staff.
Regent elections will be held
April 1. Other candidates are
Democrat Carl Brablec of Rose-
ville and Republicans Ethel Watt
of Birmingham and Alfred B. Con-
nable of Kalamazoo. Two Regent
posts are to be filled.
Unusual Meeting .. .
usual meeting with top congressio
living quarters yesterday.
The White House refused to
when the session ended.
President Eisenhower invited
the Senate Democratic leader; S
Senate Republican leader; House S
Rep. Joseph Martin (R-Mass), Hou
White House press secretaryJ
called for a generalrdiscussion oft
haps other matters."
The meeting was unusual beca
House said in response to inquiries,
join Republicans for a discussion wi
not restricted to the foreign policy fi
Nixon Welcomed . .
ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia-En
warmly welcomed Vice President R
palace yesterday after an estimat
GOP Campaign .
Chairman Meade Alcorn said will
in history to elect a Republican Conj
It had President Dwight D. Eis
On PoliticalE gyp
Court Splits 6-3; Fr
WASHINGTON ()-The United
z States Supreme Court yesterday
rreinstated an indictment charging
the United Automobile Workers
with violating federal law by pay-
ing for political broadcasts.
Three justices dissented sharp-
ly. Justice William O. Douglas,
speaking for the dissenters, said
the ruling "abolishes First Amend-
ment rights on a wholesale basis,"
Chief Justice Earl Warren and SEA TO:
Justice Hugo Black agreed with
Douglas' argument that the court
should uphold the action ofu n st
United States District Court Judge
Frank A. Picard of Detroit in dis-
.a JusticeFelix Frankfurter, speak-
ing for the six-man majority, sa id In e s g
Picard erroneously interpreted the
Corrupt Practices Act and this
"led him to stop the prosecution
prematurely." CANBERRA, Austraila () - A
The majority was made up of spokesman for the South East
Frankfurter and Justices Reed, Asia Treaty Organization Council
Burton, Clark, Harlan and Bren of Ministers declared yesterday
nan. Reed heard the case argued the risk of overt Communist ag-
before his retirement from the gression in Southeast Asia has di-
court. minished; the threat on the sub-
The majority decision steered versive side has increased."
clear of all constitutional issues Defensive capacity of the eight-
raised by counsel for the union, nation alliance was reported to
merely sending the case back to have risen sharply, though the
district court for trial. size of the members' armed forces
Frankfurter dwelt at length on remains much the same.
what he called the court's "self- With new weapons helping to
imposed inhibition against pass- tilt the scales, Secretary of State
ing on the validity of an act of John Foster Dulles said SEATO's
Congress unless absolutely neces- over-all military strength has in-
sary to a decision in the case." creased appreciably since 1955,
WJBK-TV when he told a Council meeting in
The indictment charged the un- Bangkokthe power of United
nion used money from the union's States forces in the Pacific was
general fund to pay for political greater than at the height of the
broadcasts over station WJBK-TV war with Japan.
in Detroit in 1954. In appealing Pi- The United States is the most
card's ruling dismissing the indict- powerful member of the alliance,
ment, the Justice Department con- formed at Manila in 1954 to com-
tended the broadcasts were in sup- bat Communist aggression in
port of particular congressional Southeast Asia. Others are Bri-
and senatorial candidates. tain ,France, Australia, New Zea-
The Corrupt Practice Act, as land, the Philippines, Thailand
tightened up by Congress in 1947, and Pakistan.
prohibits corporations and labor Sec. Dulles said the potential
organizations from making "a enemy knows the member nations
contribution or expenditure" in can act immediately and that this
connection with any election for is the heart of the pact.
federal office. Sec. Dulles was among speakers
Picard avoided ruling on the in a closed session highlighted by
constitutionality of the act. He unanimous agreement on the use-
held that the union payments were fulness of the alliance in deterring
not within the meaning of the Red aggression in the treaty area.
word "expenditures" as used in A communique said there. was
the act. . agreement "on the need to main-
In another .ction yesterday, the tain vigilance in countering mani-
court ordered the release of Frank fold Communist policies designed
Costello, former New York king- to subvert and divide the free na-
pin gambler, from prison on $25,- tions in the treaty area."
Costello. has served nearly a-
year of a five-year sentence for Stanford Dal
income tax evasion.
The court, in an unsigned opin-
ion, said the government had pre- LS
sented "no adequate reason" why
bail should not be granted Costel- Be ins trike
lo pending a ruling on whether he ,t
received too stiff a sentence.
The staff of the Stanford Daily,
a Stanford University student!
newspaper, ceased publication on
sR ounduPMarch 7 in protest of a student
legislature by-law which allows
the legislature to disapprove or
recall the Daily editor.
Under the banner headlines,
"LEGISLATURE MOVES IN;
ight D. Eisenhower had an un- DAILY STAFF MOVES OUT," the
nal leaders of both parties in his staff voted to refrain from pub-
lishing until the legislation is res-
let newsmen interview the leaders cinded.
The California newspaper is a
Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson (D-Tex), part of the Associated Students
en. William Knowland (R-Calf), of Stanford University. It was the
peaker Sam Rayburn (D-Tex) and ASSU Legislature that passed the
se GOP leader. by-law which, beside, calling for
James C. Hagerty said they were approval of the editor appoint-
the legislative situation "and per- ment, includes provision for re-
call of the editor by a three-
fourths vote of the legislatureon
use it was the first time, the White petition of five per cent of the
the Democrats had been asked to student body.
4-h Pro idn t Ei cnhn 1 rf m Atrc
GAZA GATHERING-Flag waving, Arabs congregate in Gaza to chee
entered the area. But Egypt announced yesterday she will admi
Beck Hits Investigating r
SEATTLE (M)-Teamsters Union
President Dave Beck yesterday
criticized sharply the conduct of
the Senate's special committee in-
vestigation of alleged labor rack-
ets, but said he would appear as a
witness without awaiting a sub-
In his criticism of committee
procedures, in a Post-Intelligen-
cer interview, Beck declared:
"It is my impression that the
hearing in Washington is not at
all in harmony with any judicial
atmosphere. It is colored. It has
all the semblance of political ac-
tion, and I personally cannot un-
derstand giving credence to testi-
mony by prostitutes, gamblers,
narcotic agents -- such as have
been giving testimony against our
people in the Washington hear-
Beck also charged the Secretary
of Labor James Mitchell's with-
drawal of his credentials to the
International Labor Organization
convention in Europe was "in ef-
fect a pre-judgment of me and it
was politically inspired."
He labeled a statement about
him by James B. Carey, an AFL-
CIO vice president and one of his
bitterest critics, as "the tintinabu-
lations of an automatic mouth."
Beck made his statements in an
exclusive interview with the Post-
Intelligencer. Beck was not avail-
able for interview to other news-
men following his return from
Europe Sunday night ahead of
Beck said he flew home from
Europe ahead of schedule because
Mitchell had withdrawn his cre-
dentials as an American delegate
to the international labor session.
McClellan Says . .
WASHINGTON ()-Sen. John
McClellan (D-Ark) said yesterday
he has a message from President
Dave Beck of the Teamsters Un-
ion indicating "ahmeasure of re-
servation" about how much coop-
eration Beck may give to Senate
Sen. McClellan said Beck, just
back from Europe, sent his word
by messenger that he plans to get
a physical checkup and consult
with tax attorneys before deciding
"what materials or records he
will submit" to the investigators.
Sen. McClellan is chairman of
the special Senate committee con-
ducting the inquiry into alleged
U of D Hikes
University of Detroit has taken
the first step in what may prove
to be a statewide hike in tuitions.
The privately-supported school
gave the necessity "to continue to
provide the highest possible edu-
cation" as its reason for a general
tuition raise of about $50.
A news release called the $50
amount "the same tuition in-
crease that legislators have been
urging at tax-supported universi-
ties in Michigan."
Baldwin To Talk at Hill
Today in Lecture Series
- ~CAIRO ()- Egypt announced
- yesterday it is taking over admtin-
Istratlon of the turbulent Gaza
The announcement surprised
United Nations officials in Gaza as
they were smoothing out working
arrangements between local Arab
officials and the UN E ergecy
Ralph Bunche, UN undersecre-
- tary general, said on his return to
Cairo from Gaza, however, that
the UN "never has questioned
Egypt's legal rights regarding
h>.,It was Bunche who arranged
a£the 1949 armistice pacts between
Israel and the Arabs and won a
r when UNEF troops first Nobel peace prize.
iRstrate the area herself. In two swift moves Egypt:
1. Anouced appoiinmnt of
ernor of Gaza. The 26- by 8-mile
...m.ttee strip was given u only last week
by Israel's a Admy.
2. Fired off a protest to UN
Secretary General Dag Hammar-
keteer infiltration of labor un- skjold against the United Nations
and industry. Asked by re- Emergency Force for firing shots
ers whether the message sat- over the head of a mob in Gaza
ed him as to the degree of co- Sunday. The mob was demanding
ration he may expect from returin of Egyptian administration.
b, Sen. McClellan replied: A Israel government official i
Stook it there was a measure Jerusalem expressed grave concern
eservation. I couldn't interpret over the takeover announcement,
ny other way." fearing it might mean more blood-
en. MtClellan told reporters he shed Israel quit the strip on an
ild be highly curious if Beck's "assumption" that the UN would
siciazms recommend against hlis take over.
ling to Washington for ques- Terror Campaign
ing by the committee. The Jewish Telegraph Agency
:n my opinion," he said, "Mr. reported 300 Egyptian police have
k's travels abroad clearly indi- moved into the Gaza Strip. It said
he caa travel from Seattle to Egypt's flag was hoisted next to
hingt5i. It would take some the UN flag over the governor's
ty strong evidence to refute headquarters.
" y Walter Eytan, Israeli Foreign
:eanwhile one of last week's Ministry director general, charged
iessa bfor th comiteeEgypt was waging a terror cam-
iesses before the committee, paign in the strip, raiders again
tar Terry Sob runk of Portland,
., took a lie detector test in were striking into Israel, and de-
ffort to back up his testimony. manded UNEF protection.
chrunk has denied the stories "Israel has made it perfectly
sevr awtsdeie thetorwiles clear she will not tolerate provo-
-evra w eC-un the ile cations of this kind," Eytan warned
tnomah County sheriff in nabodst
, he accepted a $500 bribe to in a broadcast.
off a raid on a gambling Teease of the Egyptian an
se. nouncement reflected the tension
en. McClellan said he still as- growing between the Egyptians and
es that Beck wlil step forward the UNEF.
a voluntary wtiness and sur- Came as Surprise
ler the personal financial rec- Neither Bunche nor Maj. Gen.
the committee has asked of E. L. M. Burns, UNEF commander,
without being subpoenaed. had an inkling that Egypt intend-
ed to take, such a step, it was
Bunche did not hear of the
Egyptian announcement until he
arrived in Cairo nearly two hours
- IIBack after the statement was released.
There apparently was no prior
consultation with the UNEF.
There appeared to be hope that
KSON, Miss. ()--Prof. len- Egypt might be persuaded to de-
King"ca reurnanytim helay its takeover f or a short time.
ts" to Alcorn A&M, a State Bunche refused to state precisely
ege Board spokesman said yes- the UN attitude toward Egyps
ay after a two-hour interview appointment of Latif as governor.
the history processor. Bunche said, however, that when
ing himself said ne does not the governor reaches Gaza "Gen-
e to return immediately De- eral Burns will shake his hand."
e he understands the students Egypt administered the Gaza
is world history class are not Strip under terms of the 1949
ng those who have returned. armistice of the Palestine war un-
he professor, whose pro-segre- til driven out by the invading
on newspaper articles set off Israel army last fall.
udent boycott which almost
d the school last week, was
rviewed behind closed doors by rin Four
Z. Jobe, executive secretary of
State College Board, and board
ident H. G. Carpenter.
ng, who fled the campus under
t he claimed were threats to The Stanley Quartet will pre-
life, was obviously still under sent a concert at 8:30 p.m. today
t strain. Jobe said "he's been in the Rackham Aud.
Huh a trvina exnerienc. " Kinz T"^Ur... i +ho n trr--arni
ilrres~~tj en sueI1 Wer Uo waers
iperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia
Richard M. Nixon at his imperial
ed 50,000 Ethiopians cheered his
launched yesterday what National'
be "the most intensive campaign
enhower's "warm-hearted endorse-
Author of the by-law, John
Cardozasaid that he didn't think
an editor would be recalled or dis-
approved in the next ten years but
that it would "keep him on his
A student petition. with 1,100
signatures was submitted to the
legislature as a protest to any
legislation regarding the news-
paper. The legislature's president,
however, felt the petition was
A week before the Legislature
meeting Daily staffers voted to
walk out if restrictive changes
wprP mrnn ta_ -m ncr n
An expert on what the United
States' General Staff is thinking
will speak here Tuesday at 8:30
Hanson Baldwin, military ana-
lyst of The New York Times, will
appear at Hill Auditorium replac-
ing General Albert Wedemeyer on
the University Lecture Course.
His subject will be "Where Do
We Go From Here?"
Baldwin, Times Military Edi-
tor since 1942, received the Pu-
litzer Prize in 1943 for his articles
from the Pacific battle zone. Dur-
ina Wnrd War TT he alsenvera
moral and economic influences of
the new weapons.
Tickets for Baldwin's address
will be on =sale today in the Hill
auditorium box office.