EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
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"We're Still Wrestling With It"
"When Opliions Are Free
Truthb will Pevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
SATURDAY, MARCH 9, 1957
'NIGHT EDITOR: DONNA HANSON
P /' -
F1 . fi
AT THE STATE
L AURENCE Olivier's "Richard III" is, with little qualification, the
most successful Shakespearean film yet produced. A pompous and
stagey melodrama, it has been directed by Olivier with imagination
and vigor and turned into a thoroughly believable experience.
What is most amazing about this film is the clever way Olivier
manages to make Shakespeare's rhetorical work interesting and grip-
China News Ban -
More Muddled Policy
AL I 1 -, "--WA
- smewwwom Is; -- MOOMPOW&
CURREN'T HIGHLIGHT of United States
muddled policy concerning Communist China
is the Department of State's ruling forbidding
newspapermen from travelling to Peiping.
Secretary of State Dulles, in his press con-
ference earlier this week, further muddied the
waters. In explaining in some detail the De-
partment's reasoning for the ban, Secretary
Dulles set forth a line differing considerably
from earlier statements on the subject. These
latter arguments are not contradictions of those
previous but do take off on an entirely new
Mr. Dulles had contended that the United
States government could not protect newspaper-
men who went to China. Then the Department
reasoned that newspapermen should not go to
China as that nation is not diplomatically
recognized by this country.
Now Mr. Dulles says that if newspapermen
are allowed to go, strong pressures to lift the
ban for everyone will result, leading to possible
dangerous repercussions. He did not indicate
where these pressures would come from nor
what the repercussions would be.
THE SECRETARY of State reminds us of a
little boy who doesn't want to do something
but is not sure why. Continually grasping at
specious arguments to support the ruling, Mr.
Dulles has yet to demonstrate a good sound
logical reason for forbidding American newsmen
to travel to Communist China.
None of his statements justifies the censor-
ship imposed on the American people, keeping
information from them for which they have
a need and a right to know.
Even more inexplicable is'the State Depart-
ment's deliberate refusal to cultivate a source of
information from which data on the most
powerful nation in Asia can be obtained. Sound
policy can be formulated only on full and ac-
curate information - and the United States
lacks in both with regard to Communist China.
THE AMERICAN public is forced to conclude
that the Secretary of State either is not
willing to truthfully explain the ban or is not
quite sure himself why his Department is en-
- .. . .Yr: : ,-:
' 1, :3;
, Y }11WS :5tih7u J y4Y t
Mliddle East Spark Prevention
PRESIDENT EISENHOWER'S Middle East
Doctrine, after two months of being argued
and re-argued in Congress, has finally been
The House abandoned usual procedure
Thursday and swiftly approved the revised
version of the resolution as passed by the
Instead of "authorizing" the President to
use American troops if necessary in the Middle
East, the new version warns that the United
States is "prepared" to use armed force in
the area should the need arise.
Passage of the doctrine, and in a form still
recognizable compared to the original resolution,
was a heartening demopstration of bipartisan
cooperation. It serves to support the President's
belief in the feasibility of a truly bipartisan
It is especially significant to note that the
doctrine did not just sneak by with only small
Democratic support - substantial majority of
both parties approved it. The final roll call
vote in the House included 186 Democrats and
164 Republicans in favor, with only 33 and 27
Democrats and Republicans respectively op-
The Senate vote on Tuesday was equally
THOUGH TWO MONTHS of debate may
appear to have done little but waste time,
the , delay seems actually to have augmented
the effectiveness of the warning to the USSR,'
and increased American influence in the Mid-
Now that Israel is withdrawing from Egyptian
territory, the Suez canal being reopened, and
the sabotaged pipelines being repaired, there
will be a period of readjustment to "normalcy."
At such a time, when tensions are high as
each nation waits for a sign of possible trickery
or bad faith on the part of its enemies, a slight
spark would be sufficient to blow the lid off once
The Eisenhower Doctrine, issued officially at
apparently the right psychological moment, may
be the means of preventing that spark from
ever being struck.
Hats Off to 'Life'-
Students Get Publicity
0UR HATS go off to Life. They got us cold.
But we can take a joke.
Imagine what our folks are going to say
when we go home for spring weekend.
Folks: We thought we sent you to school for
Us: Don't be ridiculous. We go to school to
kiss and nuzzle.
Folks: But we always thought that a univer-
sity was an institution of higher learning.
Us: Oh parents, you are losers. All we learn
is to kiss and nuzzle in cemeteries, cars and
swimming pools if we get kicked out of the
This magazine article causes quite a problem
because parents and the- rest of the nation
just don't understand. They won't realize that
average students have actually outdone the
football team and food rioters for publicity.
Maybe we can convince them that we do
have some sound thinkers at this place by
pointing out the picture of the Stockwell Coun-
Actually, though, the shot of the two dogs is
almost as funny.
Battle of Stock Manipulation
By DREW PEARSON
ping. No small part of the success
rant Shakespeare created. Even
the more embarassing scenes -
the elaborate verbal duel between
Richard and Anne, Richard's im-
possible soliloquies, Clrence's
murder - get done up with aris-
tocratic polish. "Richard III" is
a bombastic play, and Olivier is
not afraid of verbal sprays.
« * *a
TEXTUAL REVISION - the
critic's festering wound - is ren-
dered with great intelligence.
"Richard III" shows the culmina-
tion of a complicated era of Eng-
lish history, and Olivier has done
all he can to provide clarity. Many
scenes have been re-ordered, there
are additions from "Henry VI,"
and much has been cut, including
Cinematically, Olivier employs
few original devices, and anyone
who remembers his "Henry V"
will see that "Richard III" owes
much in conception and presenta-
tion to that earlier film. The
battle scenes, visual interpreta-
tions of "messenger" speeches,
and the heavy reliance upon props
for fluidity have all been worked
Olivier has directed himself and
his cast with sureness and preci-
sion. As Richard, he is the "lump
of foul deformity" Shakespeare
wrote. John Gielgud plays Clar-
ence with restraint, on the proper
side of sentimentality. And Claird
Bloom does remarkably with the
somewhat ambiguous Lady Anne.
When Shakespeare -wrote "Rich-
ard III," dramatic artistry was
being measured in the Elizabeth-
an equivalent of decibels. Most
modern directors are a little
afraid of bellowing the conse-
crated Shakespearean line, and it
is a tribute to Olivier that he is
not. His actors have been in-
structed to posture when neces-
sary, to read at a good pace, and
to articulate with melodramatic
intensity. In "Othello" or "An-
thony and Cleopatra," much of
this might be disastrous. In "Rich-
ard III," it produces superb en-
* * *
"RICHARD III" is one of
Shakespeare's weakest plays. It is
never profound and ought never
to be taken with more seriousness
than is accorded any other his-
torical melodrama. In the read-
ing, it can be dreadfully tiresome;
and unlike Shakespeare's later
historical plays, the character
motivation is shallow, and the
drama is conceived not as person-
al conflict, but as "scenes from
history." Only the ugly and un-
natural" Richard balances the
sentiment and alleviates the dry-
Olivier has done an outstanding
job in producing and directing
"Richard III," and the film will
probably be the standard cinema
version for the next few decades.
There is a great deal here, in-
cluding the scenes of horor, that
is highly memorable.
is achieved by diving head on into
AT THE ORPHEUM:
AN EXCELLENT film is playing
at the Orpheum this weekend:
"Mutiny on the Bounty" scarcely
requires further introduction. Like
any classic, its merits do not need
"Mutiny", in case you have nev-
er come across it, is almost the
original "sea-adventure" movie.
Well acted, filmed, and produced,
it has deservedly attained the cov-
eted position of a movie and is an
exciting example of cinemagraphic
The story is a close condensa-
tion of the novel by Nordhoff and
Hall. The leading characters, mu-
tineers and officers on the Brit-
ish ship, "Bounty", are accurately
and excellently acted by surpris-
ingly competent people. Charles
Laughton impersonates the for-
midable Captain Bligh with amaz-
ing theatrical acuity, and he is
ably assisted throughout the movie
by a young Clark Gable and a fine
* * *
BESIDES BEING a worthwhile
film, "Mutiny on the Bounty"
presents wdll justified commen-
tary on the successful civilization,
and on the conflicts which arise
when its established laws conflict
with the needs and desires of the
people involved. A group of mu-
tineers rebel againsththeir tyran-
nous captain, and those who try
to follow the right path conflict
with the majesty of the law. They
are rewarded only by domeless-
ness and destruction.
It takes a brave man to deter-
mine the worth of his own so-
ciety. Fletcher Christian, the lead-
er of the mutinous sailors, rejects
the accepted ideas of human sla-
very and necessary evil that he
sees as characteristic of the mar-
tial form of civilization, and in-
stead submits himse: and his
band to the lesser miseries of iso-
lation. Yet this very rejection is
ambiguous in its consequences and
complications, and the conflict is
MOST important stock manipu-
lation in years has been going
on under the nose of the Securi-
ties and Exchange Commission
with that agency, charged with
policing the stock market, holding
no public hearings. It has, how-
ever, collected a lot of interesting
data available to the public.
The manipulation involves the
proxy battle between Hitler-refu-
gee Leopold Silberstein and his
Penn-Texas Company on one side
and the old-line American family
firm of Fairbanks-Morse on the
Fairbanks-Morse, whose scales
have been a familiar sight on rail-
road platforms, farms, and facto-
ries for half a century, is fighting
against being swallowed by a refu-
gee who fled from Hitler to Hol-
land around 1932, then went to
England, Australia, Shanghai, and
thence to the U.S.A. In approxi-
mately 10 years since he has been
in the United States, he has built
up one of the 500 largest indus-
trial combines of the nation, and
is now trying to take over Fair-
SILBERSTEIN is a likable gen-
tleman, whose status as a refugee
has aroused sympathy and won
him friends. However, his finan-
cial wizardry has raised the ques-
tion of whether he is practicing
the same tactics in the U.S.A.
which have given capitalism a bad
name in Europe.
Silberstein is head of Penn-
Texas, the holding company which
he developed and which now owns
a dozen firms, most of them hav-
ing defense orders from the gov-
ernment. As president and chair-
man, he draws a $75,000 salary,
plus expenses and a house.
He also operates a company
called UNO Equities Corp., of
which he owns 96 per cent. UNO
is a brokerage firm, actually not
much more than a telephone and
a set of books.
SEC records show that UNO
buys and sells securities that are
being acquired by the Penn-Texas
company. It buys securities on the
outside, then sells them to Penn-
Texas on the inside, taking a com
mission on the sale.
* * *
THUS Silberstein operates a
brokerage company, which, with
the inside knowledge available
from him, can make money from
his transactions on behalf of
SEC records are quite clear on
this. Anybody can take a look at
them. The only trouble is that
the average investor can't take
time to go down to the SEC, dig
out the records and read them.
Between Feb. 3, 1956, and Jan.
31, 1957, Silberstein bought for
tJNO 50.600 shares of Fairbanks-
Morse stock for $2,595,349.13. This
stock was then resold to Penn-
Texas, of which Silberstein is
president, with a commission paid
to his UNO equities.
Another transaction on file with
the SEC involves Peter Cats, son-
in-law of Silberstein, who is a cus-
tomers man with the brokerage
firm of Francis I. DuPont and Co.
During the same period - Febru-
ary '56 through January '57 --
according to SEC records, Cats
bought 63,300 shares of Fair-
banks-Morse stock for $3,019,-
960.17 and sold it to Penn-Texas,
on a commission basis.
IT MIGHT be argued that what
Silberstein's son-in-law does on
the stock market is his business.
However, an affidavit filed by
Cats shows that he listed himself
as an official financial advisor to
Penn-Texas, in which case he
should be giving Penn-Texas the
benefit of his financial advice,
not making a broker's profit at
the expense of Penn-Texas.
Silberstein has acquired for
Penn-Texas over 550,000 shares of
Fairbanks-Morse stock worth over
$25,000,000. Most of it was first
acquired through his son-in-law
Peter Cats, then resold to Swiss
operators, who resold to Penn-
Texas with Silberstein's son-in-
law making a commission.
If this were done by anyone in
government a howl would go up
from Congress and there would
be a public investigation. How-
ever, the SEC has held no public
investigation. It has secured some
facts, belatedly, and they are on
record for the public to read.
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Egyptians To Tighten Belts?
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
PRESIDENT NASSER of Egypt appears to be
ready to put his country through an increas-
ingly severe belt-tightening process rather than
yield any part of the political position he at-
tained by nationalization of the Suez Canal.
The fact that Israel has withdrawn'from
Egyptian territory, thus alleviating the tension
which has existed throughout the area for
months, has brought a resumption of canal-
But all evidence from Cairo is that Nasser
intends to see it operated under his own terms.
Among these is payment of all tolls directly
to Egypt. This is counter to an internationally
supported proposal for payment of part of the
ols to Egypt and part to an international fund
RICHARD SNYDER, Editor
RICHARD HALLORAN A LEE MARKS
Editorial Director City Editor
GAIL GOLDSTEIN.........Personnel Director
ERNEST THEODOSSIN............Magazine Editor
JANET REARICK ..... Associate Editorial Director
MARY ANN THOMAS................Features Editor
DAVID GREY ............... ... Sports Editor
RICHARD CRAMER......... Associate Sports Editor
STEPHEN HNILPERN.........Associate Sports Editor
VIRGINIA ROBERTSON ........ Women's Editor
JANE FOWLER........... Associate Women's Editor
ARLINE LEWIS ............ women's Feature Editor
JOHN HIRTZEL.................Chief Photographer
DAVID SILVER, Business Manager
MILTON GOLDSTEIN ... Assocaite Business Manager
which could be held as a guarantee of proper
operating conditions until the World Court can
pass on the whole question.
E GYPT has also -said that the canal will not
be open to Israeli shipping. This constitutes
an exception to a previously reported Egyptian
view that a settlement can be reached under
the terms of the international treaty of 1888.
This is also a key to Egypt's attitude in the
whole matter of Middle Eastern settlements.
She refuses to alter the attitude that she is
sill at war with Israel despite the 1949 armis-
She thus maintains the basis for continuation
of the Arab campaign of hate against Israel.
Israel has just given at least partial token
that she is not guilty of the Arab charge that
she plans eventual expansion at Arab expense
to meet the demands of her unlimited immigra-
But the Arabs are by no means satisfied
regarding Jerusalem's attitude toward Jordan.
Jordan is a state founded after World War
I on a politically rather than a nationalistic or
economic foundation. Britain has supported it,
but Jordan has bucked her out in favor of
support from other Arab states, primarily Egypt
and Saudi Arabia. How long that will prevent
collapse is a question.
THE ARABS expected Israel to make a move
toward Jordan as soon as the Sinai cam-
paign was cleaned up. World reaction to that
campaign has probably put a damper on
Israel's intentions toward Jordan, if any.
Israel has a vital interest, however, in what
happens. So has Iraq, which might contem-
plate its split with Egypt and Syria if they try
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Of Booksellers, Doctors, Candidates. and Queens
To the Editor:
T HE DAILY is a source of inter-
est to me as a journalist, and a
source of pleasure and pride to me
as an alumnus,
Please, then, avoid running any
future material like the book-
seller's doggerel on page 8 of the
February 28 edition. I am not one
to be stampeded by the use of
monsyllabic Anglosaxon - but it
isn't good journalism to use it in
a daily newspaper.
As the limerick says, "Our cul-
ture's in a hell of a mess" indeed
when you let an advertiser put the
arm on you to this extent.
Anyhow, the thing doesn't even
For a last line, I suggest: "There
might be one bookseller less!"
-Whit Hillyer, '32
Tobacco or Polio?
To the Editor:
WILLIAM HANEY'S editorial
(March 5) contains inconsis-
tencies and groundless assump-
tions calculated to generate more
heat than light in the reader.
It states that since the medical
profession stands to profit from
mass polio inoculations, it is un-
ethical for it to advocate mass
supposedly non-profit and subsi-
dized organization, with the fees
charged by private Detroit physi-
This inconsistency is propogated
when he suggests that local doc-
tors lower the price of the shots
so that more can take advantage
of the protection.
This last "solution" contradicts
some economic facts. First, in this
day it is the rare individual who
cannot afford to pay nine dollars
for three polio shots. Those who
indeed cannot can avail themselves
of local public health facilities.
And it should be brought out
that the American public pays as
much for tobacco and alcohol each
year than it pays for m'edical care.
It is also true that the average
American in general takes better
care of his TV set than his health.
-Victor Bloom, '57Med
Studies or Glory? T h dtr
To the Editor:
HE NUMBER of candidates for
SGC positions has been called
"discouraging" and an indication
of "the powerfully apathetic nature
of University of Michigan stu-
dents." These criticisms are largely
Student government at the Uni-
Economics of Kissing .. .
To the Editor:
IWE SHOULD consider the eco-
nomic portents of the ban on
kissing in Stockwell lounge, not to
mention the effects on interna-
tional understanding and coopera-
With the quality of Stockwell
women, we may assume that kiss-
ing will continue, although not so
much within Stockwell. Perhaps
the cemetery will be visited more
often and, if a couple sits down,
laundry bills will ;o up.
There will be increased use of
automobiles for saying good night,
leading to possible accidents, hos-
pital bills, law suits, and certainly
gasoline expenditures. The cost
of living, already high in Ann Ar-
bor, will climb further. Inflation
The Eisenhower administration
has pledged itself to curb infla-
tion. Will Stockwell flout the Ad-
-Arthur S. Bechhoefer, '58
Victorianist ? .
To the Editor:
O NOT scrounge in Stock-
well's lounge! How disgust-
ingly quaint! It would seem that
a wave of that delightful attitude,
known as Victorianism, is threat-
on their dorms' front porches! In
this way, no relationship would
stand a chance of passing the
The prospects of such an era's
enveloping the Michigan campus
are staggering, to say the least!
-Lyn Rosenberg '59.
Best of Season? .
To the Editor:
LET US respect the critic's rea-
soned opinion-so long as that
opinion is based on the highest
standards in relation to the art
form at hand; in musical per-
formance, a stringent evaluation
of such matters as communi-
cativeness, discipline, tonal beauty
Mr. David Kessel has consis-
tently manifested such sound
judgment in'the realm of criticism
and it is therefore with particular
dismay that I note his reference
to the Boston Pops concert as the
"best concert of the season" in
the Extra Series.
Mr. Kessel's ears may have been
beguiled by the sauve tones of
the B.P.O., but surely he cannot
have forgotten the recital of
Elizabeth Sschwarzkopf earlier in
the same series, (assuming from
his generalization, of course, that
he has heard all five concerts.).
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Room
3553 Administration Building, before
2 p.m. the day preceding publication.
Notices for Sunday Daily due at 2:00
SATURDAY, MARCH 9, 1051
VOL. LXVII, NO. 111
Urgent notice to all Lecture Course
ushers: You are reminded that the lec-
ture by General Wedemeyer which was
originally scheduled for March 5 has
been cancelled, and that Manson Bald-
win will lecture instead on Tues.,
March 12. Please make every effort to
be present at this lecture.
Senior Society announces its annual
scholarship competition M ar ch 2
through March 16. A $100 scholarship
is offered for any deserving indepen-
dent woman, second semester junior or
first semester senior, who shows evi-
dence of leadership and service in ex-
tra-curricular activities, and financial
need. Applications may be obtained
from the Secretary in the Undergrad-
uate Office in the Michigan League.
These should be completed and re-
turned to the same office by March 16.
Applicants should sign up for an inter-
view when returning the applications.
Cavalleria Rusticana and The Fair
will be presentedby the Department of
Speech and the School of Music at 8
p.m. tonight in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre. Tickets are on sale at the Ly-
dia Mendelsohn Box Office 10 a.m.-8
Cleveland Orchestra, George Szeil,
conductor, will give the concluding
concert in this season's Choral Union
Series, Sun,, March 10, at 8:30 p.m. in
Hill Auditorium. A limited number of
tickets are available at the offices of
the University Musical Society in Bur-
ton Memorial Tower. The box office
in Hill Auditorium will be open after
7:00 on the evening of the concert.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: The freshman five-
week progress reports will be due 'Wed.,