THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SATURDAY, MARCH 9,195
?AGK ~IX THE MICHIGAN DAILY SATURDAY. MARCH 1.1957
ROMANESQUE TO MODERNESQUE:
STARTED AFTER WAR:
Japan's Culture Studied at Center
Churches Show Style Evolution
Development of church architecture from eleventh century Rom-
anesque to twentieth century modern is manifested by many Ann
During the eclectic movement in the United States in the late
nineteenth and early twentieth centuries historical styles were used
to disguise the steel frames.
The medieval style of this movement dominates many church
structures in Ann Arbor. First Congregational Church, St. Mary's
Student Chapel, Grace Bible Church, First Presbyterian Church and
First Methodist Church are all eclectic adaptations.
The church first appeared when Christianity was recognized by
Constantine in 313 A.D. It was adapted from the Roman bascilica
whiph had served as a public
center, and twelfth centuries this type of
4mentally a basilican type build- X' somber, earthbound structure. was
line of the cross. It was funda-d n t in c arcteu
mentally a bascilican type build-
- ing at the end of which the tran- Its heavy, massive stone created
septor arms projected at right a dark, austere appearance, al-
. angles. At this same end on the most fortress-like. There was no
4 h4angles.sAtothisnsametendoon the
other side of the transept was the richness or ornamentation. The
".apse, a semicircular space in structure expressed monastic
which the altar stood. power, security in strength.
Since the first church there Contrasting with the heavy
has been little alteration in the somberness of the Romanesque is
worship section since there has the lightness and grace of the
been little change in ceremony. Gothic church dating from thir-
However, there has been change teenth and fourteenth centuries.
in the structure and material. With the use of high pointed
Grace Bible Church is pseudo- arches and thinner, lighter stone,
ASS MOSAICS-Because of the limited size of glass, bar trac- Romanesque. During the eleventh thereby overcoming the hard
ery was incorporated in the decorative pattern of the Gothic
window. This linear arrangement creates a frontal, static quality
in the complex stain in St. Mary's Student Chapel. Stone tracers
form a flamboyant, but simplified design in the stain of the First
Methodist Church. The loaf of bread and grapes of wine are
symbolically illustrated here.
solid effect there is a constant,
irresistible movement heaven-
ward. First Congregational Church
and the First Presbyterian Church
are exemplary adaptations of the
Successive periods of church
architecture after Gothic have
been Renaissance, B a r o q u e,
Georgian colonial (an English
conservative adaptation of Bar-
oque in the American colonies),
eclectic in which all styles were
used, and the modern influence
of the past fifteen years.
Overwhelmed by the complex-
ity of life, the eclectic architect
employed methods which indicat-
ed his inability to give expression
to the many-sided character of
modern life. Eclectism was merely
another phase of the romantic
desire to escape from reality.
Contemporary twentieth cen-
tury church architecture signi-
fies an attempt to express machine
methods. As seen by the First
Unitarian Church and the Luth-
eran Student Chapel, the tradi-
tional basilican type church has
been abandoned for a split-level
or rambling ranch structure.
Formal beauty is 'attained
through observance of functional
requirements, rather than by
By MARGERITA KORNE
The Cehter for Japanese Studies,
according to its director, Prof.
John Hall, is not a department but
a "holdig company of faculty
and students interested in Japan."
Under the direction of Prof.
Robert Hall of the geography de-
partment, the Center was started
in 1947 with funds supplied by the
The two Halls are not related,
and the present director says this
is hard for Japanese students to
Far Eastern Studies at the Uni-
versity concentrate on Japanese
history and faculty experience in
that area. Area studies sprung
up after World War II when many
people realized their ignorance of
many parts of the world.
Far Eastern Studies are divided
into such fields as sociology, his-
tory, geography and anthropology.
The Center, located on the first
floor of Haven Hall, enables per-
sons in these fields to concentrate
Part of the Far Eastern Studies
program is a field station in Japan,
which was started about 1950. The
purpose of the station is to spon-
sor and promote education and
experience for graduates doing re-i
Research in Japan
But, Prof. John Hall explained,
one must first get a Masters degrees
in Far Eastern Studies and then1
do research in his field toward a
Today it is easier to go to Japan
for research work because various
scholarships are available, he com-
It was not until Prof. Hall was]
an Amherst representative to Do-
shisha University in Kyoto in 1939
that he decided to "go into the1
field of Japanese history," although
he was born and raised in Kyoto.
With the coming of World War
II, Prof. Hall left Japan to come
to the United States.
It took him almost two months
Prof. Hazel M. Losh, of the as-
tronomy department, schedules
Spring's official opening for 4:17
p.m., March 20, nearly six hours
later than the date of last year.
Use of this column is restricted to
OFFICIALLY REGISTERED student
organizations. Registration forms are
available in the Office of Student Af-
fairs, 1020 Administration Building.
Registration for the current semester
should be completed not later than
* * *
Roger Williams Fellowship, Bible
class studies Ecclesiastes, March 3, 9:45
a.m., Guild House.
Roger Williams Fellowship, supper,
March 3, 6:00 p.m. Guild House.
Unitarian Student Group, Tri-U
meet at Michigan State, March 3, 3-6:00
p.m.. transportation from the Uni-
tarian Church at 1:30.
The Congregational and Disciples
Student Guild, graduate-professional
group, March 2, 8:00 p.m., Guild House.
Program: "Jazz, its Meaning and Sig-
* * *
Graduate Outing Club, hiking and
supper, March 3, 2 p.m., Rackham.
" * !
University of Michigan Folk Dancers,
A program of basic couple dances,
March 4, 7:30-10:00 p.m., Lane Hall.
e * +
The Congregational and Disciples
Student Guild, discussion grop, March
3, 9:20 a.m., Guild House. Topic: "Phil-
osophy of Religion."
Hillel Foundation, meeting of Stu-
dent Zionist Organization, March 3,
7:30 p.m., Hillel Foundation.
Michigan C h r i s t i a n Fellowship,
March 3, 4:00 p.m., Lane Hall. Speak-
er: Dr. Evan D. Welsh, "Can Man Know
1216 S. University
Alumni Memorial Hall will dis-
play the sculpture and drawings of
Calvin Albert tomorrow through
Albert, a native of Grand Rapids,
works primarily in open form
metal. He uses a blow torch, a
soldering iron and a process. of his
own called "modalloy" to create
his pictorial and impressionistic
Also included in the special
traveling exhibition, circulated by
a New York galley, will be a
recently completed series of char-
In 1955 Albert was selected as
an outstanding talented artist by
critics throughout the country.
He began studying art at the
Grand Rapids Art Gallery in 1933.
Since that time he has had ten
one-man exhibitions and recently
his work has been displayed in
several large national exhibitions.
Some of Albert's work is now at
the Detroit Institute of Arts.
After teaching in several New
York art schools, Albert is now
an assistant professor at Pratt In-
stitute in Brooklyn, New York.
Yost Field House
To Hold JC Show
Ann Arbor Junior Chamber of
Commerce will hold its annual
Builders, Merchants and Automo-
bile Show in Yost Field House this
year for the first time.
In the past, the show has been
held at the Fairgrounds. The new
location will provide indoor pro-
tection and more space for ap-
proximately 150 displays.
An enlarged automotive display
will be included, along with, pos-
sibly, a larger swimming pool built
on the grounds. Ten amusement
rides will also be included in the
The show, which will exhibit
merchants' products and services,
will be held May 15 to 19.
CENTER DIRECTOR-Prof. John Hall heads the University's
Center for Japanese Studies
His plans for entering Harvard,
where he received his Ph.D. in
1948, were cut short by the United
States entering the war against
Japan. Because of his knowledge
of Japan, he served with the Naval
Although war was inevitable
when he left Japan, Prof. Hall
said his "individual relationships
were friendly and many of my best
friends were Japanese, but when
countries are at war individual re-
lationships are submerged."
Attracted by the Center, the
Japanese history authority came to
the University in 1948. During
1951 and 1952 he went back to
Japan for research work at the
Author of Books
Prof. Hall is author of "Tanu-
ma Okitugu" and a bibliography
on Japanese history. He is now1
working on Tokugawa Japan, a
period of Japanese history includ-
ing the 17th, 18th, and first half
of the 19th centuries.
His eyes take on a sparkle when
he describes Japan. He believes
autumn is the most beautiful sea-
son of the year in Japan. Unlike
autumn in Ann Arbor when all
the maples turn color at the same
time, Japan's fall season has a
contrast of color between the
maple and pine trees. He misses
the scenic mountains and sea in
Although Prof. Hall has no defi-
nite plans for a return trip to
Japan in the near future, he would
like to go back to the place where
he laughed, he "likes food the
SOMBER TONE - The heavy,
massive stone of Grace Bible
Church identifies it as a pseudo-
REREDOS-The reredos is the decorated part of the wall behind
the altar. In St. Mary's Student Chapel it is carved out with
canopies over the sculptured icons of Mary, the patron saint,
Joseph and Christ.
DAILY PHOTO FEATURE
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DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
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(Continued from Page 4) from obtaining a Michigan education. Academic Notices
It agrees with the position taken by
University President Harlan Hatcher Fencing instruction for men - stu-
eluding March 26. Mass picnic and that the ability to attend college eng nstructy:nin for e -su
marathon event, Yost Field House. should depend upon academic com- dents and faculty: Beginning foil
Marcn27, Movie, Architecture Audi- o fencing class held Mondays at 4:30 p.m.
Mrchu27 petence and not upon economic fac- starting March 4. Intermediate class
torium.tors. This is one of the basic tenets
March 29, Louis Armstrong Concert, of the concept of a public education. epee and saber meets Tuesdays at 4:30
Hill Auditorium. "In order for the University to main- pm. starting March . Classes held In
March 30, IFC Sing, Hill Auditorium, tain its high standing, Student Gov- Boxing Room of IM Building. No charge
2:30 p.m. ernment Council further believes or formal registration. weapons and
March 30, Greek Week Ball, 9-1, that it is also imperative that the protective equipment provided. Ex-
League Ballroom. present ration of out-of-state and pritecieswordmentdesroigeto trai
Received:BIFC-IHC Rushing Progress foreign students be retained. These perienced swordsmen desiring to train
Report. Tabled discussion until next persons are of great importance in and fence with other advanced fencers
week. creating an environment of real edu- call NO 2-2400.
Reported to Council: Resignation of cational value to the Michigan com-
David Baad from SGC Evaluation munity."
Committee since he is leaving the ___
campus. Women's Research Club will meet'
Plans for All-Campus Conference on Concerts Mon., March 4, at 8 p.m., in the West
Relition, March 4-9. Conference Room, Rackham Building.
Distribution of Out-or-order Regis- Boston Pops Tour Orchestra, con- Mrs. Hester Reed Gehring will speak
tration passes. ducted by Arthur Fiedler - with Ruth on, "Mysticism in Medieval German
Establishment of and prospects for Slenczynska, pianist - will give the Dominican Convents."
the Alumni Student Leadership Ex- concluding concert in this season's
change Fellowship program. Extra Concert Series, on Sun., March
Appointed: Leonard Wilcox, Scott 3, at 2:30 p.m. in Hill Auditorium. Placem ent Notices
Chrysler, Mary Terry to serve on the A limited number of tickets is avail-
University Calendar Study Commit- able at the offices of the University Personnel Requests:
tee. Musical Society until Saturday noon; Ed Schuster & Co., Milwaukee, Wis.,
Granted recognition to "Powder and and will be on sale at the Hill Audi- announces a six months Junior Ex-
Horn" honorary society. torium box office Sun. at 1:30 p.m. ecutive Training Program. Schuster's
Unanimously adopted the following is the largest independently owned and
statement: "Student Govrenment Pslocally operated department store In
Council of the University of Michi- s Wisconsin.
gan is cognizant of the rising costs New England Deaconness Hospital,
of higher education. It is aware that Third Experimental Playbill, under Boston, Mass., is offering paid-on-the-
the financial resources of the Uni- the auspices of the Department of job-training in the Clinical laboratories
versity must necessarily be increased Speech will be presented at 8 . to girls interested in becoming Lab.
in order to maintain its high stan- Aud. A, Angell Hall, Sat., March 2. Technicians.
dards in the educational realm. The ThrerstuytJ in one-s, '57; Tea by Mich. Civil Service Commission an-
problems of maintaining an out- QWilliuarters by Hawes,hn Grad. Szusand Her' eby nounces an examination for Plant In-
standing faculty, of providing the come by Donald Kaul, '57. Open to the dustry Inspector I.
necessary facilities and adequate cmbyDonadms'7On toarge Dept. of the Air Force, Civilian Over-
housing for expanding enrollment public with no admission charge. seas Personnel, has positions for trans-
must be met if the University expects lators, people in social science, psy-
to continue to attract outstanding Films chology, personnel, administration,
students from the nation as a whole. clerical and stenogrpahic fields, science
"However, Student G o v e r n m e n t Special Showing of the Bell's Sys- acctg., engineering, business, and edu-
Council views with deep concern the tem Science Series Program new Film, cation. The positions are in various
proposals which recently have been "Hemo the Magnificent," telling the overseas locations, and range from
made suggesting that the Board of story of blood and its circulation. 3:30 G.S.-3 to 12.
Regents consider a substantial tui- p.m., Mon., March 4, in the Audio- For further information contact the
tion raise. Such an act would hinder Visual Education Center Auditorium, Bureau of Appointments, exi. 3371,
otherwise highly qualified students, 4051 Administration Building. 3528 Admin. Bldg.
LIGHTER TONE-Rising movement is achieved by the high
pointed arch and extremely tall carved screen and drapery simu-
lating the reredos. This chancel end of the First Presbyterian
Church is vaulted in wood after an English influence.
f w ,i,.,ri'V
SUNLIT CROSS-In the Lutheran Student Chapel the altar
table; sits in front of a natural stone wall acting as the reredos.
Windows are placed so that sunlight is always shining tn the
polished aluminum cross.
to service a route of CIGA-
RETTE machines. NO SELLING
OR SOLICITING. Route estab-
lished for operator. Full or part
time. Large earnings. $1995.00
Please don't waste our time un-
less you have necessary capital
and are sincerelv interested in
p SIELORS AIN MCUfFTREPRESENTIVE
IS COMING INi PERSON 10 ThLL YOU ROW
T0 iIIICU lOUt R ENERINGfUTR
10 pt BELOIER
9 .", 00 O y
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