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March 02, 1957 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1957-03-02

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OPEN LETTER
TO RUSSELL KIRK
See Page 4

P

Latest Deadline in the State

tiy

C
CLU,CLE

VOL. LXVII, No. 109 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MARCH 2, 1957

SIX PAGES

Dulles Given
Supervision
Of Stassen
Disarmament Aide's
Office Also Altered
WASHINGTON (R) - Presiden
SDwight D. Eisenhower yesterda
gave Secretary of State John Fos
ter Dulles direct control over th
activities of Harold E. Stasser
presidential disarmament aide fo
the past two years.
Under the change, effective im
rnediately, Stassen will operate un
der the policy guidance of Se
Dulles and report directly to th
State Department head instead o
to President Eisenhower.
Stassen's office also will be phy
sically moved to the State Depart
ment from its present locatio
across the street from the Whit
House.
Title Retained
The former Minnesota governo
will remain on the White Hous
payroll, however, at $22,500 a yea
and retain his title as special as
sistant to the President on dis
armament matters.
The change wa.. announced to
reporters by Sec. Dulles and Stas
sen after they had conferred with
President Eisenhower.
Its principal effect will be to
give Sec. Dulles firmer control i
the disarmament field and short
circuit Stassen's direct access to
the President ,on such matters.
The shift came on the heels o
reports that Sec. Dulles was no
satisfied with the way Stassen's
office was functioning-that it i
effect has been "a foreign policy
function removed from the Stat
Department.
'No Change'
Sec. Dulles said the transfer
means "no change" in Stassen's
title. 'He also said the shift wil
not change Stassen's status a
chairman of the United States
delegation to the United Nations
Disarmament subcommittee meet
ing starting in London March 18
Stassen denied reports that h
intends to resign after the Lon-
don conference.
But he would not say whether he
would quit later to run for the
Republican nomination for gov-
ernor in his adopted state of
Pennsylvania in 1958, a step he is
said to have under consideration
despite strong opposition in the
Keystone State.
Stassen has been under sharp
criticism from some Republicans
mostly of the conservative school,
ever since his move last summer
to drop Vice-President Richard
M. Nixon from the President's
second term ticket.
Civic Group
Approves City
Bus Company
By THOMAS BLUES
Approximately 20 members of
the Ann Arbor Chamber of Com-
merce yesterday discussed and en-
dorsed the proposed Ann Arbor
Transit Co., according to Maury
Dalitz, discussion chairman.
Headed by local Attorney John
W. Rae, the proposed corporation
of 12 Ann Arbor men will own and
operate a bus line in the city
pending the outcome of the April
1 elections and decision of City
Council.

On April 1, citizens will go to
the polls to decide whether to
accept a proposed $150,000 bond
issue putting the city in the bus
business.
Busses To Stop
The present bus operator in the
Scity, Greyhound Lines, is ending
service April 6 because of financial
losses.
According to Rae, he is now
offering subscriptions for common
stock in the corporation at the
rate of one dollar a share.
A down payment of $15,000 is
needed on 12 buses. Rae says
townspeople havte already sub-
scribed to $5,000 in stock.
Chamber member Dalitz felt the
proposed bond issues would have
little chance of passing the voters
in view of the past bond proposal
and the proportionately small
number who ride the busses.
Busses Surveyed d
A University survey indicated
three per cent of the city popula-

MID-EAST DOCTRINE:
Democrats Split
Over Resolution
WASHINGTON (A') - Seven Democrats rallied to the support of
President Dwight D. Eisenhower's Middle East resolution yesterday as
the Senate moved toward a vote on a Democratic-sponsored drive
to cut it in half..
Spearheading the intraparty fight, Sen. John F. Kennedy (D-
Mass) said defeat of the resolution or chopping it drastically would
lead to "disastrous effects" on.American leadership abroad.
Kennedy Backs Program, Still Critical
Sen. Kennedy, while backing the President's resolution, was
critical of it.
He called it "an unnecessary error" but said its rejection by Con-
gress would accomplish nothing but "political embarrassment" for

-Daily-Charles Curtiss
PROF. PHILIP ROCHE
... on the mental state

Mn-tate
s Determines
Il
s Act-Roche
s
. By EDWARD GERULDSEN
e An individual's behavior is al-
ways an expression of the internal
mental state of that individual,
Prof. Philip Roche, '30, of the
University of Pennsylvania, said
last night.
From this premise, Prof. Roche
attempted to show that present
legal criteria for determining a
criminal's responsibility for devi-
ant behavior are largely a matter
of definition of terms.
No real distinction, he said, can
' be drawn between insanity and
' free will as the motivation for a
criminal' act.
Presenting the last in a series of
lectures at Rackham Amphithe-
atre, Prof. Roche said an1individu-
al cannot determine the course of
his behavior-"there is an in-
dissoluble subjective element in ev-
ery criminal act."
Criminal's Responsibility
The courts regard certain men-
tal conditions, defined as insani-
ty, as releasing the criminal from
responsibility for his act.
They regard the behavior of
such an individual as the product
of a diseased mind, not of the
will. This, in effect, Prof. Roche
said, makes the criminal a spec-
tator at his own crime."
The responsibility the courts
delegate to the psychiatrist in de-
termining the sanity or insanity
of an individual places him in the
untenable position of a "moral
inquisitor", a role taken by the
theologian of medieval times,
Roche noted.
A criminal is adjudged insane,
he explained, if the psychiatrist
finds him guilty of antipathic acts
without antipathic intentions.
Mores Dramatized
Our present legal system, ac-
cording to Roche is more for the
edification of the society as a
whole than for the criminal.
"A trial serves to dramatize the
mores of the society . .. it has be-
come an inviolable ritual," which
may be analogized to child-rear-
ing practices.
The role of the psychiatrist in
criminal proceedings should be
not that of moral inquisitor or
oracle, but of a reporter o ob-
servations within his competence"
and an advisor.
Scholarship
Petitions Duce
Monday is the last day to peti-
tion for Alumni Student Leader

<President Eisenhower at a criti-
cal time in world affairs.
Joining Sen. Kennedy in oppo-
sition to a move to strip the reso-
lution of its 200-million-dollar
military-economic aid authority,
were these other democrats:
Sens. T. C. Hennings (Mo),
Stuart Symington (Mo), John
Sparkman (Ala), John Carroll
(Colo), Frank Church (Idaho)
and John O. Pastore (RI).
Like Sen. Kennedy, most of
them were critical of administra-
tion foreign policy.
Against Amendment
But in interviews and floor
speechesthey came out against
an amendment co-sponsored by
Democratic Sens. Richard Russell
(Ga), Harry F. Byrd (Va), John
Stennis (Miss) and Clinton An-
derson (NM).
This amendment proposed a
substitute resolution declaring the
United States is prepared to use
armed force if necessary in re-
sponding to appeals from other
nations for help against Commu-
nist aggression.
The other half of the adminis-
tration resolution, giving the
President immediate authority to
spend up to 200 million dollars
in the Middle East, would be
dropped.
Higher Planes
Sen. Pastore said that to cue
out the aid provisions would be
to put 200 million dollars "on a
higher plane than American
bodies and blood."
He said he would oppose the
amendment "in order that the
President can never come back
to us and say that had we given
him' the authority he asks he
might not have been required to
use an American boy in conflict."
Opposition to the whole resolu-
tion came from other senators on
both sides of the aisle. Sen. Estes
Kefauver (D-Tenn) said there
was "too much evidence" that the
administration program was de-
signed primarily "to fit the needs
of the international oil compa-
nies."
Official Tells
Of Teamsters
WASHINGTON (P)-An Oregon
-state official testified yesterday hel
had been told Teamsters Union1
officials were willing to pay $10,0001
to have one of their men on the
Oregon Liquor Commission.<
Appearing voluntarily before as
special Senate investigating Com-1
mittee, Howard Morgan, Oregon1
public utility commissioner, said
the information came to him lastf
September from Manton Spear, a1
Portland beer distributor.
He testified that Spear's sugges-
tion was "profanely" rejected by#
Oregon's Gov. Robert Holmes.

Nixon Starts
Policy Tour
In AfErica
Crowds Greet Group
With Royal Welcome
RABAT, Morocco () - Vice-
President Richard M. Nixon
launched his friends-making tour
of Africa yesterday with old-
fashioned American campaign
methods, pumping hands and
questioning Arab youngsters.
Hundreds of thousands re-
sponded lustily with cheers in
English, French and Arabic.
There were cries of "Nixon, Nix-
on" "Long Live America" and
another chant in Arabic which
sounded like "Long Live the
King."
Official Explains
A Moroccan official explained
that many in the crowd were ac-
customed to cheering royalty, and
automatically assumed Vice-
President Nixon must be at least
a king.
Berber tribesmen who lined a
part of the route from the airport
to the city fired rifles and waved.
The Vice-President, accom-
panied by his wife and nine aides,
arrived at Sale-Rabat Airport for
the start of a 22-day, 18,000-mile
tour intended to demonstrate
United States interest in the Afri-
can continent and its growing
number of independent nations.
Other Stops
Beside his chief stop on the
Gold Coast, which becomes the
independent British Common-
wealth nation of Ghana next
week, he plans visits to Liberia,
Uganda, Ethiopia,. Sudan and
Libya.
It was likely that Sultan Mo-
hammed V would mention Moroc-
can desires for immediate Ameri-
can dollar aid.
New Missile
Successful
WASHINGTON (A) - The Army
was reported by informed sources
late yesterday to have successfully
launched its Intermediate-Range
ballistic missile Jupiter in Florida
yesterday.
But there were indications there
may have been trouble with it.
The Defense Department said in
response to queries that extens-
ive flight testing of rocket ve-
hicles, in support of the long-range
ballistic missiles program and oth-
ers, has been going on for some
time at the Air Force missile test
center and that tests are to be con-
tinued.
Defense spokesmen said that a
malfunction had occurred in a test
firing of an unspecified missile
yesterday, but that there were no
casualties.
It was added that in the entire
period covered by these tests at
Patrick Air Force Base, there have
been no casualties
If the Army did succeed in suc-
cessfully launching the Jupiter, it
was ahead of the Air Force and
the first service to successfully
launch an IRBM.
Erik Bergaust, managing edi-
tor of the magazine Missiles and
Rockets. said he was informed the
Jupiter was launched at 5 p.m.
Bergaust said informed sources
told him it was a "conspicuously
successful" flight.

Israeli
T- To Pa

Itrol

Vacated

Aa

TRACK
wolverine
Title Hopes
Look Dim
By ROBERT BOLTON
Special to The Daily
COLUMBUS, O. - Barring the
unexpectetd, Indiana should be
crowned the new Big Ten track
champion this afternoon to end
Michigan's two-year grip on the
title.
The Hoosiers led all teams by
qualifying 13 men for the finals
in yesterday's nine preliminary
events. The distance, pole vault,
high jump, shot put and mile re-
lay events are on this afternoon's
program.
Behind Indiana came North-
western and Ohio State who quali
fled nine men each, followed by
Michigan and Michigan State,
each with eight men qualifying.
Indiana Places
Indiana placed at least one man
in each of five events and two men
in four events.
Michigan track coach Don Can-
ham said that unless the Wolver-
ines get some fantastic perform-
ances today, all Indiana will have
to do to win the title is show up
for the meet.
The Wolverines figured to score
heavily in the shot put and high
jump and will probably get place
points, at least, in the pole vault
and distance events.
But this will not be enough to
stop the high-riding Hoosiers who
figure to grab their first track
crown in either indoor or outdoor
competition since 1941.
A serious blow was dealt to
Wolverine title hopes when sopho-i
more Milt Robinson pulled up
lame in his heat of the 600-yd.
dash.
Robinson Out
Robinson was slated to run in
today's mile relay and his absence
could cause Michigan upwards of
10 points.
The Wolverines and the sur-;
prising Northwestern team, figured;
as no more than another entry in1
the meet, tied for the most first
places in last night's action-four;
apiece.
See PACE, page 3
Gates Named
'Naval Head 7
WASHINGTON ( ) - CharlesI
S. Thomas resigned as secretary
of the Navy today and President
Dwight D. Eisenhower nominatedI
Undersecretary Thomas S. GatesI
Jr. to succeed him.I
Gates, a Philadelphia Republi-
can who will be 51 years old April1
10, succeeded Thomas three years'
ago as undersecretary. .

-Daily-Charles Curtiss
TEA AND SUICIDE-James Kent contemplates suicide while
Barbara Levin consoles him in a rehearsal of "Tea."
Speech Group -To Offer
t hree Students' P lays
Two psychological adjustment problems and a "morality play"
form the basis of three student-written one-act plays to be presented
by the speech department at 8 p.m. today in Aud. A, Angell Hall.
In "Quarters," by John Szucs, '57, a boy-girl relationship is
analyzed. The boy needs solitude, but the girl desires to share their
common values. The separate needs create the play's conflict.
In "Tea," by William Hawes, Grad., man continually contemplates
self-destruction, constantly assigning new values to his gods. The gods

Military
t Gaza;I

1l

[TN Police

Forces

'Talent Acts
In Gulantics
Cash prizes of $100, $50 and $25
will be awarded to the top three
acts appearing in Gulantics, the
all-campus talent show, at 8 p.m.
today in Hill Auditorium.
Dale Hanson, '58, and John
Schubeck, '57, will emcee the pro-
gram and also perform.
Eight competing acts are tenor
soloist Dan Pressley, '57Mu; vocal-
ist Marian Mercer, '57Mu; baton
twirler John Kirkendall, '60;
pianist Clark Bedford, '57Mu; the
Psurfs, Law Club singers; dancer
Randy Oslund, '57; folksinger
Gersham Morningstar, Spec., and
the Miss-Chords, a Victor Vaughn
sophomore quartet.
Non-competing acts include
Prof. Harold -A. Haugh of the
Men's Glee Club; and a cornet
Men's Glee Club; and a coronet
trio by last year's winners, John
Alexander, '58Mu, Emerson Head,
'57Mu, and Richard Longfield,
'57Mu.

are changeless, while man changes
from egocentricity to unselfish-
ness, and prolonging his existence.
"Hero's Welcome," by Donald
Kaul, '57, dramatizes the age-old!
problem of the war veteran seek-
ing understanding upon his return
home, while family and friends
cannot reconcile themselves to his
changes.
Admission to the third experi-
mental playbill is free.
Sacred Music
To Highlight
Religion Week
A concert of sacred music will
be given Friday in Hill Auditor-
ium as part of next week's All-
Campus Conference on Religion.
Prof. Seth Bingham, of Colum-
bia University's music depart-
ment, will narrate the concert and
discuss the development of sa-
cred music of the Jewish, Catholic,
Orthodox and Protestant faiths.
Prof. Bingham's "Concerto for
Organ and Brasses" will be per-
formred at the concert.
Bingham to Talk
Prof. Bingham will also speak
at a Bach organ recital by Prof.
Robert Noehren of the music
school Monday in Hill Auditorium,
in another conference feature.
Other highlights will include a
faculty-student panel Tuesday on
"What Happens to God on the
Campus," and lectures by visit-
ing professors on Wednesday,
Thursday and Friday.
Prof. Paul Holmer of Minne-
sota's philosophy department will
speak Wednesday on the subject,
"Can We Be Both Intelligent and
Religious?"
Nash To Speak
Thursday Prof. Arnold Nash of
North Carolina's history depart-
ment will discuss, "What Are the
Campus Gods?"
"Is Organized Religion a Hin-
drance to Integration?" will be

Israel Plans
To Retaliate
If Attacked
Lodge Hails Decision
As 'Turning Point'
In Mid-East Affairs
UNITED NATIONS, NY., (-
The United Nations moved late
yesterday to post its police forces
in the Gaza Strip and along the
Gulf of Aqaba as Israeli forces
leave under theyagreement an,
nounced Yesterday,
The Israeli decision, forecast
Thursday night by its UN dele-
gation, was put before the UN
General Assembly by Foreign
Minister Golda Meir.
The effect is to return Israeli
soldiers to the positions they oc-
cupied before last October's in-
vasion of Egypt-behind the 1949
armistice lines.
Meets Demands
By withdrawing, Israel meets the
demands of both the UN and
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
and escapes the possibility of the
punitive sanctions proposed by
Arab neighbors in the UN.
Mrs. Meir warned that Israel
will fight back if violence flares
up against Israeli shipping or Is-
raeli territory-and appealed to
the Arabs to work with Israel for
development of the Middle East.
She enumerated steps that Is-
rael understood Would take place
with the withdrawal, but did not
class these as conditions.
United States Chief Delegate
Henry Cabot Lodge hailed the Is-
raeli action as a turning point in
affairs of the Middle East.
He said the United States un-
derstands it to mean immediate
withdrawal without conditions.
Orders Issued
UN Secretary General Dag Ham-
marskjold issued orders for Ma.
Gen. E. L. M. Burns, Canadian
commanding the UN Emergency
Force in Egypt, to meet Israeli
army leaders today to arrange for
taking over the disputed areas.
In the only Arab comment of
yesterday's session, Egyptian For-
eign Minister Mahmoud Fawz
said he assumed the Assembly Is
unanimous in accepting full and
honest implementation of its reso-
lutions calling for immediate and
unconditional withdrawal of Israel.
He observed that nothing said in
the Assembly or elsewhere could
affect the lawfulness of Egypt's
rights and those of the Arab peo-
ples of the Gaza Strip.
Mrs. Meir told the Assembly:
"The government of Israel is
now in a position to announce its
plans for full and prompt with-
drawal from the Gaza Strip."
Mrs. Meir said it is generally
recognized that the function of the
UNEF in the Straits of Trian area
of the Gulf of Aqaba "includes the
prevention of belligerent acts."
SGC 'Petitions
Now Total 19
For Six Posts
Ronald Gregg, '60, Perry Cohen,
'59, and Arthur Hanlon, '60, yes-
terday signed out Student Govern-
ment Council petitions for all-
campus elections March 19 and 20.
Petitions, due at 6 p.m. Tuesday,
have now been taken out by a total
of 19 students. Six one-year seats
on the council will be filled in the
election.

15 candidates are running in the
literary college, six in the engi-
neering college, five in education
school and four in business admin-
istration school.
To date, three students are run-

PIANIST SLENCZYNSKA FEATURED:
Fiedler To Conduct Boston Pops Tomorrow
I Arthur Fiedler will conduct the
Boston Pops Orchestra at 2:30
p.m. tomorrow in Hill Auditorium.
Featured in the concert will be
Ruth Slenczynska, pianist, who
has been touring with the orches-
tra this season. She will be heard
in Mendelssohn's "Concerto No.
6 1, in G minor."
Miss Slenczynska appeared in
Ann Arbor earlier in her own
concert as a child prodigy.
The concert program will in-
clude Cortege from "Le Coq d'Or"
by Rimsky-Korsakoff, "Water Mu-
sic" by Handel-Harty, "London-
derry Air" arranged by Granger
and Off enbach's Overture to
"Orpheus ~in Hades."

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