EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
"When Opinions Are Free
Trutb Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1957 NIGHT EDITOR: WILLIAM HANEY
R ECENT APPEALS for American understand-
ing of Indian "neutralism" ask not so much
for understanding as rather unthinking accept-
ance of Indian international policy.
Indian 'neutralism" is one of the most exag-
gerated misconceptions in modern day interna-
national relations. For Americans to recognize
their "neutralism" for what it really is and
then attempt to comprehend it would be more
realistic and healthier in the long run.
The term "neutral" fits the Indian role
when viewed from Webster's definition of "not
engaged on either side." But when the concept
is widened, as the Indians have done, to include
treating both sides of a conflict fairly and
equally, it breaks down. India has not accorded
the major contestants equal treatment in the
current power political struggle.
For instance, India was quick to chastise
Britain and France for intervention in the Suez
dispute but was somewhat slower in criticizing
Russia for the bloody Hungarian massacre.
Nehru and Krishna Menon, in personal diplom-
acy, have shown themselves consistently more
friendly toward Communist China's Chou En-
lai and the Kremlin's Khrushchev and Bulganin
than they have toward Western leaders.
JNDIAN POLICY further calls for a concentra-
tion on solving internal economic problems as
a political stabilizer rather than relying on
military force to curb possible Communist infil-
tration. American economic aid has been offered
for this purpose and accepted albeit grudgingly.
Russian economic assistance, less in quantity
and usefulness than that from the United
States, has also been utilized.
Much is made by the Indians over Russian
help while little expression of gratitude or
even acknowledgement has been made to the
people of the United States for their efforts,
a practice which Americans resent.
In addition, some American assistance which
has been proposed has been turned down by
Indlia with the explanation that she does not
want to become entangled with nor subservient
to the United States. This decision appears
inconsistent with India's expressed desire to
expand economically and the fact that Ameri-
can aid was proferred with few strings attached.
x Neither by word nor action has India shown
herself equally disposed toward all concerned.
Rather she has consistgntly curried favor with
Russia and Communist China.
A QUICK LOOK at a map will explain this
difference between expressed policy and ac-
tual practice. India has common borders with
Russia and China, the two greatest land
powers on the Eurasian continent. Historically,
Russia has been looking longingly through the
Khyber Pass to the south Asian subcontinent
and onto warm water. China, besides being
directly on the Indian border in certain areas,
is moving closer as she brings Tibet under
tighter control from Peiping.
India is well aware that should she fall
out of favor with Russia and China, she
would be extremely vulnerable to subversive
infiltration or outright military action across
her northern borders. The fear of Russian
and Chinese aggression in one form or another
is the basis of Indian "neutralism."
Certainly, a distrust of Western Europeans
and their cultural cousins in America contrib-
utes to the policy as perhaps does some genuine
ideological motivation to be the great arbitors
of the Twentieth Century.
In its fundamental terms, however, the threat
of foreign domination governs the formulation
and articulation of Indian foreign policy. Al-
though it cannot be classed as appeasement
because no demands have yet been made upon
India, "neutralism" is but an instrument of
power politics designed to forestall the day of
Americans should recognize this when Messrs.
Nehru and Krishna Menon preach from their
ideological motivation to be the great arbiters
lofty and idealistic but precarious perch.
lPl/Aft'r''r f AW 111AM ',r '
®w, rew w1+.5 itntlscr.+N YocsTr co.
A I A A oftelf
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Bitter Bohemian Criticizes
Administration Uniustly Accused
Miller Excels in Debut
With Cincinnati Orch.
T HE audience at Hill Auditorium last night acclaimed the Ann Arbor
debut of Mayne Miller, pianist, as he performed the Beethoven
Concerto No. 4 in G, with Thor Johnson conducting the Cincinnati
In a definitely lyrical interpretation, which added a novelty of
style, Miller played with loving clarity and tender concern for every
nuance. This lyric quality was abetted by the rather slow tempo of the
first movement. Miller's runs were liquid clear and even, his
turns a delight, his performance entirely successful.
Although he seemed a little ill at ease during the more vigorous
sections, he never wavered from his true course, and emerged vic-
torious. Furthermore, the interplay between soloist and orches-
SENATOR Mike Mansfield (D.-Mont) Mon-
day lashed out at the Eisenhower Admini-
stration for following what he called a "formu-
la for inertia" in relying almost wholly on the
United Nations to solve the Middle East crisis.
Senator Mansfield claims the administra-
tion has shown a "lack of policy", and "no evi-
dence of eagerness" to take the initiative in
seeking peace through channels outside the
Granted the administration has not taken
a hard and fast stand in Middle East policy.
But this is not out of vacillation, but because a
mild approachseems the best approach, con-
sidering the danger of provoking one side or
the other in the dispute.
If we take a firm, stand against Israel, the
repercussions will be felt at home as well as
diplomatically; should we take a stand against
the Arabs, the prospects of restoring oil flow
from the Arab countries will be lessened, and
our struggle to keep them out of Communist
hands will be made much more difficult.
W HEN ONE looks back on events of the last
six months, it is difficult to agree that the
administration has shown "no evidence of
eagerness" to negotiate for a settlement outside
the Nnited Nations.
Not long ago, President Eisenhower held a
series of successful talks with King Ibn Saud
of Saudi Arabia, in an effort to ease the ten-
And in very recent days, Secretary of State
Dulles has been negotiating outside the United
Nations with Israeli ambassador Abba Eban,
attempting to arrange withdrawal of Israeli
troops from Egypt.
In addition to the personal conferences,
President Eisenhower has sent a number of
personal notes and warnings to Israeli Pre-
mier David Ben-Gurion. He has offered more
than one proposal to Israel in an effort 'to
satisfy her demand for security of shipping and
prevention of border raids on her territory.
The Eisenhower administration and the
President himself believe strongly in the United
Nations. But they canxiot justly accused of con-
fining their efforts toward world peace wholly
to that organization.
Stolen Reporter .. .
To the Editor:
LET ME congratulate you on
stealing your star reporter,
Donna Hanson, from the Detroit
Times - where undoubtedly she
was at least trained, if not on the
Although lacking any semblance
of original imagination, she more
than adequately makes up for this
loss in her magnificent feeling for
journalistic sensationalism in her
Daily Magazine article (Feb. 24.)
It is rather intriguing to think
of oneself as a non-conformist (as
I was labeled in this article); how-
ever, the label 'Bohemian' is a bit
too bitter to swallow along with
Sunday morning coffee without
From a purely objective point,
I find it interesting to analyze the
reporter's response to my garb and
conversation. Since I have never
had the pleasure of meeting Miss
Manson, I assume her opinions
were drawn only in the length of
time it took to snap my picture.
However, (and now at the risk
of seeming the complete conform-
ist) at this time my reporting
friend decided that tennis shoes, a
crew-neck sweater, and a boy-coat
was my way of "flaunting my non-
conformity and Bohemianism."
Although it would be difficult to
object to her description of the
extreme intellectualism heard in
my conversation, I must continue
on this objective criticism and con-
fess we were engaged only in try-
ing to guess the measurements of
one Jayne Mansfield -- (who's
-Susan Gollman, '58E
72 Hazy Words .. .
To the Editor:
LAST NIGHT I attended and
thoroughly enjoyed the con-
cert by Janis. This morning (Feb.
22) I read how I shouldn't have,
My understanding of the func-
tion of a critic is that he should
weigh the merits and shortcomings
of a performer. In the critique of
this morning, about 72 words were
of a somewhat hazy meritorious
tone and about 240 words were de-
nouncing in tone.
Although the count of words is
not in itself determinative, a per-
son reading the critique could
easily conclude that time was
wasted by those attending. I am
not suggesting only praise should
be given, but I think one who
hadn't attended the concert should
be able to read the report and
have a good idea of what was
-Adrian M. Wenner, Grad
Highlight ,. ,
To the Editor:
, the students of Michigan's
latest university, accept your
hearty congratulations. We hope
that we can attain the high stan-
dards and ideals of a university
which you have set for us.
We realize that we are relative-
ly small in number but we also
feel that quality always 'exceeds
Receiving university status will
most certainly be one of the high-
lights of Western's history.
Western Michigan University
To the Editor:
W E FEEL it is bad enough when
obscene, suggestive, and com-
pletely worthless magazines are
sold in private business establish-
ments in the Ann Arbor area.
We would like to inquire as to
who authorized the sale of such
literature in the Michigan Union.
The University should be con-
cerned with intellectual, not sex-
ual, stimulation of its students.
The Michigan male is encour-
aged to become sexually aroused
by magazines he has purchased at
the Union. Then he is not allowed
to release his frustrations in Stock-
-David Hecht, '58E
Co-ed Shows . .
To the Editor:
DON'T wish to detract glory
from the sophomore's Soph
Show, but I'm afraid they can't
claim the honor of being, "The
first co-ed show to be presented
on the University Campus," as the
Daily erroneously stated in Thurs-
If what I understand to be cor-
rect, the claim for first co-ed
show, or at least for largest run-
ning co-ed show, goes to the Uni-
versity of Michgian's Gilbert &
This society has been produc-
ing at least one all campus co-ed
show each semester since the fall
of 1947, and its performances of
Gilbert & Sullivan's Princess Ida
this March will be its twentieth
consecutive co-ed show.
tra, in the profoundly moving
second movement ,was perfection
.* * *
THE MAJOR orchestral work
was the youthful First Symphony
of Shostakovich. Throughout the
winding rhythms and ironic mel-
odies of this virile, humorous
work, the orchestraeably met the
challenge, and excelled. This re-
markable first symphony, written
at the age of nineteen, is mature
and complete in approach, al-
though it understandably lacks
some of the unity and purity of
style exhibited by Shostakovich's
later works in this form. This fac-
tor was most noticeable in the
The orchestra showed delight-
ful balance, with neither basses
nor violins trying to outdo each
other. The effect was one of
teamwork, without the of ten-
found search for attention in
some of the European ensembles.
The horns blended in delicate
shadings, the pizzicatos of the
bases and cellos were sounded as
on one instrument.
Mr. Johnson conducted
throughout with a dignified style,
and modest manner, but with
command and assurance.
* * *
THERE WAS a discordant note
to the evening, sad to say. The
opening work was a monstrosity.
The Suite from "Music for the
Royal Fireworks" by Handel, as,
edited by Thor Johnson, evolved
Into a, late-Romantic treatment
of Baroque music. This is always
disastrous. The effect was a
Brucknes-like tone-poem (itself
an oddity), with Baroque melody
and harmony, twentieth-century
dynamics, alarming crescendos,
a carte blanche tympani, all re-
sulting in a feeling of a lush
It takes a Handel to re-write
Handel, and unfortunately Mr.
Johnson is not one of these. He
should have played it straight.
The ability of the orchestra was
no help - it showed up every
fault. The original score of the
Fireworks Suite would have been
far more appreciated.
By The Associated Press
HESITATION by investors and
traders was apparent yesterday
when stock market volume shrank
to the smallest in four months.
The list closed mixed.
It was more of the same lack-
luster trading that has pervaded
the market since its gyrations of
the week before last, only more
The market spent most of the
day narrowly on the upside ex-
cept for some selected issues
which made wider moves.
In the final hour, however, there
was a spat of profit taking which
slashed some of the best gains.
The market's sluggishness is
based both on technical factors
and the news, brokers said.
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Room
3553 Administration Building, before
2 p.m. the day preceding publication.
Notices for Sunday Daily due at 2:00
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1957
VOL. LXVII, NO. 102
The next regularly scheduled meet-
ing of the Board of Regents will be
held on Fri., March 15, 1957. All com-
munications to be presented to the Re-
gents at that time should be in the
hands of the President no later than
Thurs., March 7.
Women's Hours: Women students will
have 1:30 a.m. permission for the Slide
Rule Ball, Fri., March 1.
Delta Delta Delta annual scholarship
competition extends to March 7. Thred
scholarships of $150.00 each are offered
to any deserving women students, in-
dependent or affiliated, who show evi-
dence of scholastic capability, superior
citizenship, and who have financial
Applications may be obtained from
the office of the Dean of Women.
These should be completed and, with
the three specified letters of recom-
mendation, returned to the Dean's of-
fice. Winners of the competition will
be announced at League Installation
Registration, Student Organizations:
Student organizations planning to be
active during the second semester
mustvregister in the Office of Student
Affairs, 2011 Student Activities Build-
ing, not later than March 2. Use of
meeting rooms and use of the Student
Organizations' Announcement column
in the Michigan Daily will be restricted
to registered groups.
Evaluation of Student Government
Council. The committee recently ap-
pointed by Vice-President Lewis to
report to him an evaluation of Student
Government Council invites communi-
cations from informed and interested
individuals and organizations on the
functioning and structure of Student
Government Council under the plan
adopted two years ago. Pleaseaddress
such communications wtihout delay to
Prof. Lionel H. Laing, Chairman, Stu-
dent Government Council Evaluation.
Committee, at 301 Michigan Union.
Activities Sponsored by Student Or-
ganizations. All activities and projects
sponsored or produced by student or-
ganizations must receive the approval
of the Student Government Council.
Petitions from officially recognized,
registered student organziations only
will be considered, and activities and
projects under the sponsorship of an
individual student or group of students
not constituting a recognized organ-
ization are not permitted.
Petitions for consideration by- the
Council should be submitted to the
Administrative Secretary, Mrs. Ruth
Callahan, 1538 or 2013 Student Activi-
ties Building, at least two weeks before
the event is to take place. Petition
forms are available in either office.
Publicity for Activities Sponsored by
Student Organizations may not be re-
leased until approval of the activity
(Continued on Page 6)
Labor Study Beneficial
T HE CURRENT Senate Labor Racketeering
investigations of the AFL-CIO may prove
beneficial to labor.
If the committee can show convincingly any
corrupt practices occurring in the unions, oust
those responsible, unions should be able to
acquire the respect of both their members and
A housecleaning of the AFL-CIO has been
necessary for several years. AFL-CIO leaders
George Meany and Walter Reuther have com-
plained about the racketeers in their organiza-
tion but have made little actual effort to clean
out the big ones,
Since Teamster leaders Dave Beck and James
RICHARD SNYDER, Editor
RICHARD HALLORAN LEE MARKS
Editorial Director City Editor
GAIL GOt DSTEIN ............Personnel Director
ERNEST THEODOSSIN.............Magazine Editor
JANET REARICK .... Associate Editorial Director
MARY ANN THOMAS ...............Features Editor
DAVID GREY.. ......... . Sports Editor
RICHAiRD CRAMER ........ Associate Sports Editor
STEPHEN HEILPERN. A.Associate Sports Editor
VIRGINIA ROBERTSON ........Women's Editor
JANE FOWLER ..........Associate Women's Editor
ARLINE LEWIS ............ Women's Feature Editor
JOHN HIRTZEL ................ Chief Photographer
DAVID SILVER, Business Manager
MTO rWTY1V.'T ( . r Acc ntaT 4- --
R. Hoffa will be primarily involved in the in-
vestigations, Meany and Reuther do not want
to press charges. Both Beck and Hoff a are
powerful and have yearsofkunion leadership
behind them. To attack them could cause dis-
sension within the AFL-CIO, something the
organization has been trying to avoid in order
to strengthen its power and influence.
Hoffa was a target of a special House
investigation in 1954 for being involved in
racketeering, extortion, and gangsterism in
connection with the vending machine business.
Howevertnot enough evidence could be gathered
to convict him.
Now that the Teamsters are accused of collu-
sion with various city officials, Meany has de-
fended Hoffa, saying, "He is doing a good job
and operating within the law.
TEAMSTERS J. Albert Woll, Einar Mohn, and
Frank Brewster have taken the easy way
out of the investigations. Woll has resigned as
Teamseter general counsel and Mohn and
Brewster are attempting to hide behind the
Because of Meany's and Reuther's indiffer-
ence to union graft and corruption, a Senate
Labor Racketeering Committee had to be estab-
lished to investigate labor activities in Phila-
dephaia, Chicago, Scranton, Pa., Minneapolis,
California, Washington, and Oregon.
Headed by Senator John McClennan (D-
Ark.) the committee includes Republicans
Joseph McCarthy, Karl E. Mundt, and Barry
Goldwater, Democrats Sam J. Irvin, Patrick
MacNamara, and John F. Kennedy. With the
INTERVIEWING, COLLECTING, INTERPRETING:
Self-Survey Result of Year's Investigation into Human Relations
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the fitst
in a series of three articles on the
Ann Arbor Self-Survey. Today's ar-
ticle will deal with the Survey's his-
tory and what it discovered about
the needs of Ann Arbor youth.)
By TAMMY MORRISON
Daily Staff Writer
"HUMAN RELATIONS in Ann
Arbor: 1956" is the book's title.
A 160-nr ge report, it is the re-
sult of a year's interviewing, data
collecting, tabulating and interpre-
tation by Ann Arbor residents who
felt that human relations in the
city needed investigation.
The Self-Survey is something
that, like Topsy, "jest growed."
The first of its three roots dates
from Brotherhood Week of 1955,
when the Student Religious Asso-
ciation sponsored three seminars
to discuss the advancement of
brotherhood in Ann Arbor. Speci-
fically, the group was concerned
with foreign student adjustment
But it continued to meet after
the end of Brotherhood Week, and
sought advice from Prof. Donald
C. Pelz of the Survey Research
Center, who also taught social
psychology. He urged them to talk
veys in other Michigan cities.
After two public meetings dur-
ing the summer, a temporary
steering committee drew up con-
crete proposals in the fall and
began to seek financial sponsor-
ship from community organiza-
Almost a year after the first
group met in Lane Hall-January,
1956-a public meeting was held,
a constitution adopted and dele-
gates elected. Twenty-nine civic
groups had agreed to sponsor the
project. As it grew in size, 16 more
hopped onto the bandwagon.
In the spring, the Policy Com-
mittee of delegates investigated
several topics anc decided on
three: employmern opportunities
for members of different groups,
the needs of youth, particularly in
employment and adjustment and
reception of new residents.
One hundred fifty volunteer in-
terviewers talked to 520residents
of the community, including a
cross section of white adults who
were residents of a year or more,
University and business officials
and labor union officials.
The results of such interviews,
"Human Relations in Ann Arbor:
office or sales work, jobs in hos-
pitals, restaurants and semi-skill-
Employers have their problems
too. They are hampered by state
and federal labor laws, lack of
part-time work, frequentaturn-
over and, in some cases, lack of
Outside the University, 61 em-
ployers reported only 200 jobs for
which they have hired people un-
der 18. The University has open-
ings, but most of them are filled by
Most of the teen-agers inter-
viewed (66 white and 30 Negro)
were optimistic about their own
job chances. White children were
more confident in their training
than Negroes; fewer of the Negro
youngsters, for instance, think
they are qualified for clerical
work, although Negro girls have
taken more courses in office skills
than white girls.
THE NEGROES relegated them-
selves to personal service jobs,
such as baby-sitting, nurses' aides
and restaurant work. Some say
that restaurant opportunities are
limited to dishwashing. Yet more
groes. About half the teen-agers
interviewed have received voca-
tional guidance, and about one-
quarter of those feel the need for
more. A large majority of all teen-
agers want to learn more about
Most of the teen-agers inter-
viewed belong to a club of some
kind, although two out of five
Negro girls do not. Those who do
definitely want an adult adviser
along, but also feel that group
members should plan activities. In
a substantial number of groups,
the opportunities for such self-
direction are limited, and the adult
does the planning.