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VOL. LXVII, No. 103 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1957
LANSING ()-Gov. G. Mennen
Williams, as he often has before,
yesterday proposed a corporation
profits tax to put state government
finances back on an even keel.
Such a levy at the rate of six
per cent, coupled with two other
tax law changes, would net the
state an additional 76 million dol-
lars and provide the wherewithal
for a 411 million dollar spending
program in 1957-58, he said.
In a special message to the leg-
islature, the Governor rejected as-
sorted other taxing possibilities as
K a solution, including a state tax on
personal incomes, which he de-
nounced in strong language.
Republicans Discuss Tax
The income tax has been talked
up in recent weeks by Republicans.
The lawmakers had scattered for
the weekend when the tax message
was distributed, and there were
no Republican leaders on hand to
examine the Williams Plan and
comment on it immediately.
The Governor's budget calls for
expenditures 80.6 million dollars
above estimated general fund out-
go for the fiscal year ending June
~'30, and 75 million dollars beyond
anticipated 1957-58 resources.
In a second recommendation on
taxation, the Governor called for
repeal of the existing corporation
franhise tax, which covers some-
what th same field as the profits
tax but is based on net worth.
In a third, he asked foregive-
ness of the first $50 liability under
the business activities tax. This,
he said, would spell complete ex-
emption for about 25,000 small en-
terprises each with annual gross
receipts of less than $36,000.
He said the corporation profits
tax could be expected to yield 132
Franchise tax repeal would mean
a revenue loss of 52% million dol-
lars, and the business activities
tax exemption feature another
3/2 million loss, leaving a net rev-
enue gain of 76 million dollars.
He said his program would raise
the money needed without "un-
due hardship" on any corporation
or individual, and would tend to
mitigate inequities that now un-
fairly burden small and new busi-
Anticipating a "chorus of pro-
tests for specialhinterests," the
Governor said there would be
based for the most part on "false
and destructive propaganda" that
business is being driven out of the
Such talk, he said, tends to
frighten away business faster than
Big Ten Agrees,
Plan Limits Aid To Basic Expenses;
Parents To File Financial Statement
By The Associated Press
CHICAGO - Big Ten faculty representatives yesterday gave fi-
nal approval to a new financial aid program for conference athletes.
The aid program had reportedly received divided approval from
the faculty representatives in December. No breakdown was an-
nounced on yesterday's vote although William Reed, assistant Big
Ten commissioner, said "there were some dissents."
While there was no official word, University representatives re-
portedly supported the plan.
The main points of the aid program are that it is based on,
proven individual need and that the aid would be limited to the
Set To Quit
T O K Y O (IP) -Japan's two
month-old government decided to
resign yesterday because of the
prolonged illness of 72-year-old
Prime Minister Tanzan Ishibashi.
After repeated huddles Thurs-
day night and 'again yesterday the
leaders of the ruling Liberal-Dem-
ocratic party reached the decision
following a report from a commit-
tee of four doctors that the Prime
Minister must have at least two
more months to recover from a
bout with pneumonia.
Japan's newspapers predicted
that Foreign Minister Nobusuke
Kishi, who has been acting prime
minister, would be chosen by the
party to head a new government.
Kishi is more pro-Western that
Ishibashi, who wanted to open up
more trade with Red China and
contended Japan was not treated
as an equal by the United States.
By The Associated Press
'Prin e Philip'&. .
LONDON-Queen Elizabeth III
yesterday gave her husband the
title of "The Prince Philip."
The action was an indication of
the Queen's affection and her
confidence in him. No man born
outside the royal family has held
such a title in the British mon-
He was born Prince Philip of
Greece, but renounced the title to
by plain Lt. Philip Mountbatten,
a naturalized British subject, be-
fore his engagement to Elizabeth.
Before their wedding in 1947
King George VI raised him to the
peerage with the title of Duke of
Edinburgh. Britons went on call-
ing him Prince Philip, but the title
lacked official significance.
* * P
'Pseudo-Liberals' * * *
'amount needed to provide an ath-
lete with room, board, books, tui-
tion and fees.
These vary according to the
schools and range from about $1,-
000 to $1,800 a year.
There is also a requirement that
an athlete's parents would have
to file a financial statement.
Some educators had objected to
this requirement, dscribing it as
an invasion of privacy.,
The faculty representatives met
in a joint session with conference
In other action, they voted to
recommend gnat the conference
vote in favor of the 1957 Nation-
al Collegiate Athletic Association
plan for televising football.
Reed said a separate agency
will be set up to process. the fi-.
nancial aid program and super-
vise it. This agency will determine
the degree of financial aid, but
the aid itself will be administered
by the individual schools.
The commission itself will act
as a policing agency to watch for
possible violations. The plan de-
tails penalties for violations -
penalties which have been de-
scribed as the toughest in Big
These provide that once a boy
accepts a grant from one school
he never can be eligible for anoth-
er if he transfers.
The boy would be ruled ineli-
gible forever in the conference by
accepting under-the-table aid.
A coach or other staff member
offering or paying such secret aid
would be fired and barred from
ever working in the conference
A school failing to take such
disciplinary measures would be
ordered to show cause why it
should not be suspended or ex-
No dollars and cents breakdown
was given for what the aid pro-
gram will cost the schools yearly.
The aid is limited to 100 ath-
letes in each school.
"The personal approach" will
be used in the May 5-11 Campus
Chest fund-raising drive, accord-
ing to Tim Felisky, '58E, drive
Felisky explained at a recent
meeting of Campus Chest that
students will be contacted by
drive representatives living in
their respective residence halls,
fraternities, or sororities.
The meeting was held to review
the purposes and programs of the'
unified drive. Participating in the
Campus Chest discussion were
representatives from World Uni-
versity Service, Assembly, Free
University of Berlin Exchange
Student Program, Panhellenic,
Junior Inter-Fraternity Council,
and the Union.
Felisky explained to the group
that the purpose of .Campus Chest
is "to bring various fund-raising
drives under one unified effort
and to spare students the annoy-
ance of constantly being ap-
proached by numerous separate
NEW YORK (P)-Wild, dun-
garee clad teen-agers by the
thousands stormed the Para-
mount Theater yesterday for a
rock 'n' roll show.
They smashed glass, danced
bare foot in the aisles and their
ecstatic screams at times
drowned out the savage beat
of the music that held them in
Two girls were slightly in-
Ijured in the jostling mob out-
side the big theater on Times
Square. Others had shoes,
scarves and other articles of
clothing ripped from their
bodies in the crush. Many
wept - but persevered.
A hundred and seventy-five
police were hard put to main-
tain even a semblance of con-
From early morning until
mid-afternoon the movie house
was packed with 3,700 boys
and girls, unwilling to leave
and bent on staying through
performance after perform-
The stage show featured
Alan Freed, a local disc jockey
who specializes in the rhyth-
mic rock 'n' roll beat.
By RICHARD TAUB
There are now about 100 vacan-
cies in men's residence halls due
to a decrease in room applications
following the December food riot.
Jack Hale, senior resident direc-
tor, reported that this decrease is
unusual for this time of year.
There is usually some drop off
about Dec. 1, he explained, but not
as much as there has been this
Due to Accounts
Hale expressed the opinion that
the slack might have been due in
part to the newspaper accounts of
the food disturbance.
He also said "as one member of
the residence hall conference com-
mittee," the vacancy situation has
made it harder to let people break
Those released were done so
"strictly on the merits" of their
cases and would have been releas-
ed whatever the situation, Hale ex-
However, some men who wished
to move into fraternity houses, he
continued, might have been re-
leased if residence halls really ha
Hale expressed the belief that
announced doubling-up in the
residence halls may have been ex-
aggerated. Expansion for about
450 students may have been an
over-estimation, due to the declin-
ing interest in the residence halls.
"We were told 700 extra students
would live in the residence halls
next year, about 450 of them men."
However, Hale added, this was
little more than a guess.
East Quadrangle is almost fin-
ished with its doubling-up re-
ports, he explained, and in West
Quadrangle one house has to be
By Easter vacation the admin-
istration should have worked out
a nearly-accurate figure, he added.
In Food Laws
WASHINGTON (P) - A cancer
researcher's statement that dan-
gerous dyes and chemicals are
being used in food for human
consumption was disputed yester-
day night by the Food and Drug
Deputy Commissioner John L.
Harvey said the agency knows of
no. substance being used in foods
that would produce tumors or
Ask Israeli Sanctions
U.S. Awaits UN Debates
New Israeli Withdrawal
WASHINGTON () -President
Dwight D. Eisenhower and Secre-
tary of State John Foster Dulles
decided yesterday to await a new
message from Premier David Ben-
Gurion before determining their
next move on the question.of sanc-
tions against Israel.
President Eisenhower and Dulles
conferred for 90 minutes at the
White House on the stubborn crisis
revolving around Israel's refusal to
pull its troops out of territory cap-
tured from Egypt last fall.
An announcement by White
House press secretary James C.
Hagerty after the conference made
it clear that in spite of Ben-
Gurion's rejection of presidential
appeals, President Eisenhower and
Dulles still hope for drastic revis-
ion of Israeli policy which would
result in withdrawal of the forces.
The two men conferred by tele-
phone with Ambassador Henry
Cabot Lodge, Jr. at the United Na-
tions. Hagerty said they talked
about "the presentation to the
United Nations of the United
No presentation will be made,
Hagerty said, until after Ambas-
sador Abba Eban had had an op-
portunity to meet with Dulles.
Eban left Jerusalem yesterday
and is due back in Washington to-
day. He is expected to meet with
Dulles immediately and to see him
again tomorrow if a further talk
this weekend appears to be nec-
In the fast developing situation
the day brought these other
1. British leaders in London pro-
fessed continuing concern about
the threat to American-British re-
lations inherent in the differing
views toward the Israeli troop is-
The British are cold toward
sanctions and would like to see Is-
rael get some of the guarantees it
wants for its interests in the Gaza
Strip and the Gulf of Aqaba.
2. At Paris, Premier Guy Mollet
declared that France is giving Is-
rael aid and "will continue to give
all we can."
This attitude is the exact oppo-
site of the United States which
suspended aid to Israel about the'
time of the British-French-Israel
attack on Egypt last fall
JERUSALEM (A') - The third
largest party in Premier David
Ben Gurion's government threat-
ened yesterday to bolt if he car-
ries out his heavily condition pro-
mise to surrender the Gaza and
Aqaba coastal strips.
Ben-Gurion may run into seri-
ous difficulty in getting a vote of
confidence Monday in the Knes-
In a reply to President Dwight
D. Eisenhower in a speech co the
Knesset Thursday night, Ben-
Gurion defied a threat of UN
sanctions, but said Israel would
pull back her last invasion forces
from the Gaza Strip of Palestine
and the Gulf of Aqaba if she re-
ceived guarantees her interests
would be protected.
MAXWELL SCORES-Michigan forward Wally Maxwell fires a
shot past Michigan State goalie Joe Selinger for the Wolverines'
third goal of the first period in last night's game at East Lansing.
Maxwell took a pass from Gary Starr (shown skating behind
Michigan Icers Outlast
Ldate MSU Threat, 5=4
By CARL RISEMAN
Special to The Daily
EAST LANSING-The Michigan hockey squad defeated a fired
up Michigan State team 5-4 last night at the Michigan State Ice
The Wolverines will play the Spartans again tonight at the
The Maize and Blue have not lost in its last 32 games with Mich-
igan State. The streak began in 1928.
Coupled with a Michigan Tech-Minnesota tie, the Wolverines
still have hopes of making the NCAA playoffs. At present, the team
is in fourth place, one half point
WASHINGTON () -- Senate VALLEY FORGE, Pa., - FBI
rackets investigators said yester- Chief J. Edgar Hoover charged
day more teamsters union finan- that "self-Styled social reformers
cial records are missing, this time in the name of defending free-
from files in Portland, Ore. dom," have become the ready tools
The special Senate committee of "the Communist conspiracy"
conducting the inquiry into al- in the United States and thus
leged racketeering in labor unions aided Red expansion.
and industry plans to launch pub- Hoover attacked what he called
lic hearings Tuesday to explore al- "pseudo-liberals" who, though
leged gangster infiltration of, the they proclaim themselves anti-
teamsters union in Portland. Communist, "have made efforts
Robert F. Kennedy, committee in recent years to curtail govern-
counsel, disclosed the disappear- ment authority to defend our na-.
ance of the Portland union rec- tional security."
ords after a union lawyer accused "Some of them may be honest
him and Chairman John McClel- and sincere but they are mis-
lan (D-Ark) of giving a "totally guided," he said.
false impression" about the des- * ,
truction of some Seattle records
of the 11 state Western Conference Ships Can Slide .
of Teamsters. ISMAILIA, Egypt - United Na-
Thecommittee hadsought to tions salvage experts measured
subpoena these documents, and again and decided yesterday 10.-
said Thursday it had just learned 000-ton ships can slide past the
the papers have been destroyed, sunken Egyptian frigate Abukir in
Samuel Bassett, a teamsters un- the Suez Canal.
ion lawyer, said in Chicago the Previously the experts had fig-
Seattle records were "inadvertent- ured the Abukir would have to
ly destroyed" in 1953 or 1954 when be removed before ship traffic
the basement of the union head- could begin moving.
quarters was being cleared of
refuse upon orders of the Fire De-
partment. 'Modern Republicanism'
He said the committee "knows
all about the records" and wasn CHICAGO - Mead Alcorn, the
givig afale imresionabout new GOP national chairman, took
giving a false impression abu rticism by conservatives of
their disappearance.j critiim b oyevtvso
r"modern Republicanism" by the
horns yesterday in a Midwest visit.
The phrase, which President
out of third.
.eThe Wolverines surged to a 4-1
lead in the first period, only to see
it almost vanish as the Spartans
came roaring back with goals in
the remaining two periods.
Dick Dunnigan started the scor-
ing with a shot that got by MSU's
goalie, Joe Selinger, at 3:02 of the
The Spartans had previously
dominated play but had been un-
able to score. Dunnigan's goal
broke the spirit of the host team
for most of the remainder of the
period as Michigan flicked in three
Gary Starr, the big, fast-im-
proving 'M' sophomore, got the
next tally at the 7:51 mark. Skat-
ing fast from the blue line, Starr
feinted Spartan defenseman Bru-
no Pollesel out of position, then
skated in on goalie Selinger,
flicking the puck into the corner
of the net, out of Selinger's reach.
Wally Maxwell got the first of
hi. two goals at 11:34 He beat
Selinger again at the 17.21 mark.
With only 33 seconds to go in
the first period, the host team fi-
nally got past sophomore goalie
Ross Childs. Bill MacKenzie
scored on a rink-length pass from
The partisan crowd of 2,450
roared with approval. The Spar-1
tans from then on played inspired
The second period was almost
completely dominated by Michi-
gan State. Only the stalwart de-
fensive play of Bob Schiller and
Bernie Hanna prevented the
Spartans from scoring before over
half the period had passed.
Wingman Glenn MacDonald
beat Childs with a shot that
whizzed past the goalie's shoulder
At 15:47, John Rendall was giv-
en a two minute penalty, and with
a man advantage, State struck
again. Captain Bob Jasson scored
this one at the 16:22 mark to pull
the Spartans to within one goal
of the visitors.
See EARLY, Page 3
Race Bill Fails
ATLANTA, Ga. (AP)-After an'
uproarious session, the House yes-
terday withstood strenuous admin-
NEW YORK (A')-Union leaders
yesterday ordered 45,000 long-
shoremen back to their piers from
Maine to Virginia this morning.
They have been on strike for
The back-to-work order from
headquarters of the striking In-
ternational Longshoremen's As-
sociation was held up most of the
day for a tabulation of a New York
vote on a proposed new contract.
Late in the day, ILA President
William V. Bradley set the return
to work deadline after it was an-
nounced that New York dockers
favored the new contract 6,829 to
The 'vote appeared to be the
final obstacle to resumption of
dock work. Contract deadlocks in
Baltimore and Norfolk were set-
tled overnight. All other ports had
come to terms earlier.
The strike, which began Feb. 12
as a renewal of last November's
walkout, has cost an estimated 30
million dollars in losses to ship-
pers and industry.,
his recent "draft-dodger" state-
ment still a subject of heated de-
bate, yesterday paid a visit to a
National Guard unit to make a
formal plea for support of the six
months training program for
Wilson last month stirred up
angry comment among guards-
men when he said that some!
youths joined the National Guard
to avoid the draft during the
Egypt Will Accept
UTN Troops in Strip
By The Associated Press
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y.-The
27 Asian and African members of
the United Nations yesterday
agreed to support a resolution call-
ing for sanctions against Israel.
The action came at a private
meeting just before the 80-nation
General Assembly began a new
round of debate on Israel's failure
to get out of the Gaza Strip and
the Sharm El Sheikh area, on the
Gulf of Aqaba. The group decided
to submit a formal proposal to the
Assembly at once.
The move followed a proposal
by six Arab-Asian nations to con-
demn Israel for failing to with-
draw from Egypt and to penalize
her with economic, military and
Tense and Crowded
The six-nation proposal came as
Secretary-General Dag Hammarsk-
jold announced to a tense and
crowded Assembly that Egypt
consented to the UN Emergency
Force taking over the Gaza Strip
from Israel and to UN assistance
in putting- an end to all raids
across the border from either side.
Israel has refused to budge from
the Gaza Strip until assured there
will be no more raids. Worried
delegates saw new hope in the
Hammaskjold announcement and
waited for Israel's reaction.
Foreign Minister Charles Malik
of Lebanon presented a resolution
to invoke restriction until Israel
Time to Talk
The Assembly then adjourned
the Middle East debate until Mon-
day to give the United States more
time to talk with Israel. President
Dwight D. Eisenhower has been
attempting to work out some
method of obtaining compliance
with the Assembly requests short
The resolution was originally
sponsored by Afganistan, Indone-
sia, Iraq, Lebanon, Sudan and
The resolution noted previous
requests by the Assembly for Israel
to evacuate Egypt and asked the
Assembly to "view with grave con-
cern" Israel's failure to comply.
Then it called for this action:
1. Condemn Israel for not with-
2. Urge all states to deny eco-
nomic, military and financial as-
sistance to Israel until she com-
3. Request all states to cooperate
with Hammarskjold in implement-
ing the restrictions.
Report on Implementation
4. Request the secretary general
to report on the implementation
of this resolution and the previous
requests to Israel.
While the delegates resumed de-
bate on the political situation, the
Assembly's Budgetary Committee
completed recommendations for
paying the 16% million dollars
estimated for the cost of the UN
Emergency Forces on duty in
The Assembly already has de-
cided that 10 million dollars will
be raised by the regular assessment
on all 80 members, with the United
States paying its regular one-third
The Budgetary Committee rec-
ommended that the members con-
tribute the additional 6%/2 million
By The Assoiated Press
LANSING-Pressure to recruit
young men into the fields of sci-
ence and engineering is "nearing
hysteria," according to University
vice-president William E. Stirton.
In an address to the Grand Val-
Marshall Advocates Non-Violence
Bob Marshall, a local bookstore owner, said yesterday the southern
Negro is "cracking the South with the tactic of non-violent, direct
Speaking informally before a small group at Lane Hall, Marshall
mentioned Ghandi's non-violence as one of three ways "people's daily
lives are being changed in race relations."
Committees such as the Human Relations Board on the University
campus, he said, are a second mechanism for improving race relations.