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February 20, 1957 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1957-02-20

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Calendar Dissatisfaction
Can Be Resolved
See Page 4

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PARTLY CLOUDY, COLD

Latest Deadline in the State

VOL. LXVII, No. 100 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1957

EIGHT PAGES

President Faces
Sanctions Hurdle
Democrats, Sen. Knowland Oppose
Any Economic Pressure On Israel
WASHINGTON (R)-President Dwight D. Eisenhower sped back
from a Georgia vacation yesterday to find himself and his adminis-
tration caught in a terrific squeeze on the issue of sanctions for Is-
rael:
On one side was an increasing body of congressional opinion
against punishing Israel 'for her refusal to withdraw from Egyptian
territory wtihout nonaggression guarantees.
On the other side, the Arab world - which the United States
has been wooing in an attempt to block Communist expansion in th*
Middle East - was crying for United Nations economic sanctions if
Israel doesn't pull out.
Two Developments
There were two major developments in the squeeze yesterday:
1) A unanimous vote by the Democratic Policy Committee in
the Senate against sanctions. Senator William F. Knowland of
California, the Republican leader,

sould Accept

Students

Tuition

'U' MayAsk
Dorm Aid
-Hatcher
Special to The Daily

i.


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World Needs'
New Goals.,
Ward Says
By ALLAN STILLWAGON
Associate Editor of the London
Economist Barbara Ward last
night called for disarmament, "not
as an afterthoight, but as a foun-
dation of world order," to be the
object of our diplomatic aims.
"The idea of the total sufficiency
of our own nations is as strong as
the belief of our own ego," she,
warned. "It is the stumbling block
of all our lives."
In a. clipped stacatto style, the
sixth Lecture Series speaker called
for international inspection of
waterways, "even the Panama
Canal," as proof that the United
State's declarations are more than
lip service to compromise.
Concepts 'Tattered'
The British economist chal-
lenged the validity of several con-
cepts which "after the events of
last autumnn are .. every single
one a bit tattered at the edges.",
oWe must break away from the
ideal of a single, Moscow-control-
led bloc of Communist states, she
said, "and recognize a new factor
of plural Communist powers, less
likely to be directed from Moscow."
Harvard's visiting lecturer be-
lieves that it is "nonsense" that
the China of 1980-bloated with a
population of a billion-will be
controlled by the Kremlin.
Graer Danger to USS

and other members of his party,
already have expressed opposi-
tion to sanctions.
2) A declaration by Foreign
Minister Charles Malik of Leba-
non that sanctions would be de-
manded in the UN tomorrow and
he hoped the United States would
support the move.
Malik spent an hour with Assis-
tant Secretary of State William
Rountree going over the Arab po-
sition. Afterwards he told re-
porters:
"In the opinion of the whole
Arab world, and indeed of the
whole world, Israel must with-
draw unconditionally."
Dulles Waits
President{ Eisenhower went di-
rectly from the airport to the
White House to grapple with the
multiplying Middle Eastern prob-
lems. Waiting for him there was
Secretary of State John Foster
Dulles, who earlier in the day had
given Israel assurances that the
United States considers the Gulf
of Aqaba is an international wa-
terway.
The Democratic decision on
sanctions was announced in the
Senate by Majority Leader Lyn-
don Johnson of Texas. He said
the policy committee voted to ask
that the U.S. delegation to the
UN oppose any move to impose
economic penalties on Israel,
while other nations which have
ignored UN orders go unpunished.
Secretary Dulles discussed the
Gulf of Aqaba at his news con-
ference. Since it is an interna-
tional waterway, he said, Egypt
has no right to interfere with the
innocent passage of Israeli ships,
American vessels or those of oth-
er nations.

LANSING-University President
Harlan Hatcher yesterday hinted
to the Senate AppropriationshCom-
mittee that the self-liquidating
system of residence halls may have
outlived its usefulness.
"I think we're going to have to
do more than we have in the area
of aid to housing," Hatcher told
the legislators.
Otherwise, the University may
have to reject students "because
they can't find a place to live."
He suggested more explicit ideas
may come later in deliberations on
this year's budget.
Hatcher cited support which
Maine, among other states, has
recently given to college housing.
His remarks came as part of
discussion on selection of Univer-
sity students. Hatcher startled leg-
islators with a statement that one-
half to two-thirds of "qualified"
high-school students are not going
to college.
"The thing we musn't let hap-
pen is let selection be on the basis
of economic factors," he concluded,
citing such factors as the major
drawback for most qualified stu-
dents who do not go to college.
From this standpoint Hatcher
praised the University's scholar-
ship program and made another
plea for low tuition rates. And he
also asked that housing not be
allowed to join economic factors
as an obstacle to selection of stu-
dents on the basis of academic
competence.
SGC To Fill Post
Filling of the vacant seat on
Student Government Council and
announcement of committee ap-
pointments are on the agenda for
today's SGC meeting at 7:30 p.m.
in the Student Activities Building.

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LAGGING FEES-State Sen. Elmer Porter bases arguments for increased student fees on this chart, which shows a negligible increase
in tuition payments in the face of greatly increased appropriations and enrollments. University administrators reply that 1947, the base
year for the chart's comparisons, was one of abnormally high fees due to the influx of veterans heavily subsidized by the federal government.
Figures are for all state-supported colleges except Wayne State University.

IFC Seeks
Exemption
From Taxes
In an effort to gain tax exemp-
tion for affiliate groups under the
Michigan Employment Security
Act, Inter-fraternity Council has
had a legislative amendment sub-
mitted to committees of the state
Senate.
State Senator Lewis G. Christ-
man (R-Ann Arbor) presented
the amendment to the Senate last
week, Assistant Dean of Men Wil-
liam Cross said.
Under present conditions fra-
ternities and sororities are liable
to a tax on all their employees.
William Conlin, an Ann Arbor
lawyer working with the Council,
explained that prior to 1956, fra-
ternities and sororities were
exempt from state tax.
The present act exempts "do-
mestic service in a private home,"
and the proposed amendment
calls for the addition of "local
college club or local chapter of a
college fraternity or sorority."
Conlin said the proposal has
been referred to committee study,
and should come before the Sen-
ate in the near future.
He estimated the tax would ini-
tially cost each fraternity from
$250 to $300 a year and later al-
most twice as much.

$350,000 PROPOSED:
Legislature To Consider
Human Research Funds

I

"Some of the pressures of this
erpanded power are certain to be Minister Stresses Fa it
of greater danger to Russia than
to the United States," she pre-
dicted.
While an even larger China may
or may not mean increased West-
ern insecurity, the New YorkBY RICHARD TAUB
Times writer clearly interpretsByRCAD AU
events in Poland and Hungary as Before an eager audience of 18 people, the Rev. Dr. Henry Kuiz-
a reduction in Red power. enga of Ann Arbor's First Presbyterian Church emphasized the im-
But, rejecting any consequent portance of faith in Protestantism.
lante alliance wshich includes The talk was one of three Inter-House Council Symposiums de-
United Sates newealth and pclwer, signed to explain the three major religions of the West.
Mis Wad added, "We canniot be Because of the strong basis of faith, Dr. Kuizenga pointed up
Miss War ,er that the Ger- an apparent paradox in explaining Protestantism.
man people are completely differ- By telling of the truth of God as seen through the life, teaching,
ent, even after two world wars. death, and resurrection of Christ, "we leave ourselves open for
The reported renunciation of misunderstanding," the ministerb
Prussian militarism by the West said. f SA
Germany should be viewed with a Finite and imperfect beings STEP TO SPACE:
thankful, but a 'somewhat skep- can't be perfect, witnesses of
tical eye," she suggested. something infinite and perfect. "u ems pa, ecn a -u r
___Van ar S
tinued. 'We must witness to the
Class Officer, truth," because the truth has W
been proclaimed by God.
He criticized students who
SGC Petition5 "window-shop" for religion. Onex
can't learn Christianity from a
NoW Available study of a set of principles, Dr.
Kuizenga explained. A persony
Petitioning begins today for sxcould study most carefully for a\
one-year terms on Student Gov- lifetime and still never .come to,
eyment Council and other stu- grips with its fundamental truth.
dent positions to be filled in all- The minister made it clear he!
campus elections March 19 and was not deriding this type of stu-
20. dy, but "one must get down from X
Four senior class officers each his intellectual perch to experi-
of the literary and engineering ence Christianity." A person can't
colleges and business administra- learn about it from the outside.
tion school, 10 J-Hop committee "Christ himself," he continued,
members, seven Union vice-presi- "refused to give a rational ex-
dents, three members of the planation, "because of the impor-Y
Board in Control of Student Pub- tance of faith.
lications and one member of the A primary difference between
Board in Control of Intercol- Protestantism and the rest of.
legiate Athletics will also be Christianity, Dr. Kulzenga said,
elected next month. is the emphasis on "prayerful
Petitions for all positions are study" of the Bible.
now available from 8 a.m. to noon God, according to the minister,
and 3 p.m. to 5 p.m. daily in Rm. is willing to speak in the hearts of4
1538, Student Activities Building. all those who honestly seek to
Academically eligible students iough the scriptures."

By WILLIAM HANEY
If the University receives an
appropriation from the state leg-
islature for research and develop-
ment of human resources, 1957
will be the second year state funds
have been allocated for this pur-
pose.
The legislature, in April, 1956,
appropriated $300,000 to develop
studies which "will make a funda-
mental contribution to the success-
ful living" of the people of Mich-
igan.
Last month the University sub-
mitted a request for an appropri-
ation of $734,000 to continue and
expand work in human resources
in 1957-58.
Governor Requests $350,000
The Governor's office studied
the University proposal, and re-
quested the state legislature to al-
locate $350,000 for the project.
Dental experts have been work-
ing on solving storage problems
that now stand in the way of tooth
bank establishment. If this diffi-
culty is overcome, prematurely lost
or decayed teeth could be replaced.
University engineers studied 4,-
000 accident reports and 30,000
pictures of traffic to find ways to
reduce highway accidents. From
these, dangerous stretches on the

roads are determined and im-
provements made.
Human Adjustment experts have
surveyed state convalescent hos-
pitals and have concluded "step-
ped-up activities and self-help for
elderly patients" is the long-term
objective in that field.
Speech Clinic Project
Speech Clinic is utilizing new
techniques of showing illustrated
cards and conveying the sound of
the object on the card by ear-
phones to stimulate youngsters
who are slow in learning to speak.
In Social Work, progress is be-
ing made toward enabling mothers
and children dependent on state
aid to become self-sustaining.
Studies have revealed independent
families often enjoy a better
standard of living than those under
state aid.
Work on mentally retarded
children has been concentrated on
testing non-retarded brothers and
sisters of retarded children. Doc-
tors can then determine which
characteristics are natural to the
children and which are results of
conditions in his environment. Ed-
ucation, training and care of the
child can then be better deter-
mined.

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Plan Failure
Gets Varied-
Comments
By THOMAS BLUES
Ann Arbor's defeated capital
improvements plan drew varied
comments yesterday from city of-
ficials and a prospective municipal
leader.
Most outspoken in his comments
was Prof. Samuel J. Eldersveld,
Democratic candidate for mayor,
who said, "It appears that these
proposals were defeated because
of inadequate leadership by the
Mayor and City Council."
Raymond C. Eastman, City Plan-
ning director, seemed to be un-
concerned over the defeat of the
three million dollar bond issue
program. When asked what he
thought was the reason for the
failure of the bond issues at the
polls he answered, "I wouldn't
have any idea. They just didn't
want them, I guess."
Moore Comments
Prof. Arthur D. Moore, past City
Council president, said the failure
of the bond issues calls for edu-
cation of the public on the bene-
fits of capital improvements. Com-
menting on Prof. Eldersvelds'
judgment, he said shortly, "He
doesn't know enough about it."
City Administrator Guy C. Lar-
corn said it is up to the Council to
decide on any further action along
the capital improvement line.
There are ways open to the
Council that would allow certain
of the proposed bond issues to be
implemented despite voter un-
popularity. For example, storm
sewers could be provided through
special assessments.
'Too Early'
Councilman Charles W. Joiner
felt it is too early to see the long
range effects of the bond issue
defeat and the program, he said,
will have to be completely re-ex-
amined by the planning commis-
sion.
Mayor William E. Brown, Jr.,
who was nominated for his seventh
city mayoralty race, was not happy
over the outcome of the capital
improvements program but said,
"We will still get along." Mayor
Brown left Ann Arbor yesterday
to attend the United States Con-
ference of Mayors in Washington,
D. C. He will return late next week.
Series to Feature
American Pianist
Byron Janis, American pianist,;
will appear in the Choral Union
Series at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow in
M11 AliAjhwjinm

Hike
Fee Raises
Don't Match
State Funds
Porter Says State
Subsidies May Hurt
Smaller Schools
By PETER ECKSTEIN
Special to The Daily
LANSING-University President
Harlan Hatcher told legislators
yesterday the state should be will-
ing to pay more to support "one
of the nine or ten top universities
in the world."
Members of the Senate Appro-
priations Committee told him they
thought the students should pe
willing to do likewise,
If the students are receiving a
"superior product," Sen. Clarence
Graebner (R-Saginaw) argued,,
"their earning capacity is being
increased and they should be will-
ing to pay more."
Spirited But Friendly
After a day of spirited but
friendly hearings on the Univer-
sity's operating budget requests of
$34,000,000, committee chairman
Sen. Elmer Porter (R-Blissfield)
told The Daily student fees have
not kept pace with state- educa-
tional appropriations.
Sen. Porter produced a chart to
back up his contention that there
has been almost no increase in
statewide student fees despite
tripling of legislative appropria-
tions. Copies are to be given to
every member of the legislature.,
State-subsidized schools with
their low tuition rates may be
driving smaller, privately owned
colleges out of business, Sen. Por-
ter commented.
Part of the chairman's agru-
ment was anticipated in the hear-
ings by University Vice-President
for Financial Affairs Wilbur Pier-
pont, who presented a chart of his
own to the committee, this one
showing that fees now contribute
20 per cent of the costs of the Uni-
versity. They contributed 19 per
cent in 1920.
"Over a period of time fees have
been increased to maintain about
the same proportion to total costs,"
Vice-President Pierpont argued.
1948 Fees a Record
Fees in 1948 contributed to a
record high of 42 per cent of op-
erating costs, he pointed out, but
attributed this to peak veterans
enrollments under the GI Bill of
Rights. "It was essentially a fed-
eral government contribution,"
with Congress appropriating $500
per veteran student to the Univer-
sity.
Arguing from the same facts,
Vice President and Dean of Fac-
ulties Marvin Niehuss said later
that 1947, which Porter's chart
uses as a base year, was."not a
normal situation for the fee-ost
relationship" throughout Michigan
education.
Vice-PresidentNiehuss said he
could see "no danger at al' of
state-supported schools bankrupt-
ing Michigan's private colleges.
"The most expensive schools in
the country turn away the highest
number of students."
100,000 More
Vice-President Niehuss' presen-
tation to the committee, in which
he argued for higher faculty sal-
aries, was premised on an expected

enrollment increase for Michigan
colleges of 100,000 over the next
ten years. At present ratios, he
contended, 8,000 new college tech.
ers and about 4,000 replacements
would be needed.
But the state will grant only
5,000 doctorate degrees during the
period if present rates continue.
During the hearings much inter-
change centered over out-of-state
students, who constitute about
one-third of the University's en-
rollment. Legislators questioned
again and again the justification
for support df over $1,000 per non-
resident student.
Niehuss warned against raising
out-of-state tuition so high as to
lose those students as a source of
revenue and defended their nres-

atellite Displayed at Rackham Building

By MICHAEL KRAFT
Man's steppingstone to space
travel is on campus.
The earth satellite, which will
probe space is being displayed to-
day on the third floor of the Rack-
ham building.
Although fragile looking - a
hollow sphere of thin magnesium..
only 20 inches in diameter-the
"man-man moon" is rugged. A
three stage rocket will push it
some 300 miles into the outer
atmosphere for man's first pene-.
tration of space. Being exhibitedt
in connection with last night's
meeting of the American Rocket
Society, the satellite has been
described as the first step in the.-
development of interplanetary
flight.
First comes the unmanned satel- -
lite, then a manned satellite rocket
plane, a permanent space station,.
space ships, and finally, inter-
planetary flight, Frank Perkins of
Convair Division of Genera'l Dy- -Photo-Courtesy Brooks & Perkins Inc.
namics said before the Baltimore CIRCLING EARTH - Artist's conception of the "man-made
cninn of the nri+tV. ._ , . ..____41. ..- Th. -a

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