"Man, You Must Be Out Of Your Mind"
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSTrY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
"'When Opinions Are Free
Truth WID Prevau"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1957 NIGHT EDITOR: EDWARD GERULDSEN
Georgia Game Decision
A Constructive Approach
A PROTEST against the scheduling of Georgia But the Board is on more solid ground in
as a football opponent here next fall has another main argument-especially if it really
been rejected by the University's Board in cares to implement it.
Control of Intercollegiate Athletics. The Board contends that no good can come
But the controversy is not over. from our joining Southern schools in a policy
Led by a group of public officials from Detroit, of isolation. Instead, it feels it is "educationally
including United States Rep. Charles C. Diggs, sound to bring young citizens of a Southern
Jr., the drive to cancel the game has been state to Michigan to play in an athletic contest
centered around racially discriminatory official with our teams on which Negroes and white
actions in the state of Georgia. players are accorded positions on the basis of
These actions extend from non-admittance merit alone, without regard to race or religion."
of Negroes at the University of Georgia to Here is a hint of real contribution to the
resolutions in the state legislature opposing cause of civil rights-only a hint, however.
athletic contests involving persons of both
races. In fact, a bill is now before that body to IT COULD BE "educationally sound" to bring
outlaw all inter-racial athletics within the state. Southern college students here for a football
It is no wonder that to some opponents of game. But the educational value for the South-
discrimination it is considered "an affront to ern visitors will depend on more than just a
the integrity of Negroes . . ." to play Georgia meeting on the gridiron.
here. Why, they ask, should we entertain in Sociological research and common sense tell
Ann Arbor a team that would not have us us that impersonal contact such as that be-
play with our Negro athletes at its home? tween members of opposing football teams can
be expected to have little effect in changing
AN ATTEMPT to answer this criticism has prejudicial attitudes. It requires more than
been made by the athletic board. Some of just physical interaction to do this.
its arguments have the ring of ex-post-facto The contribution that Georgia's visit could
rationalizations, but one could be the basis make would have to be in a more social setting.
for the most constructive approach to the deli- For instance, the athletic board might arrange
cate situation, a post-game banquet or party at which the
That the game was scheduled three years ago Georgia players could really get to know Michi-
before any opposition arose and that its being gan players of both races in a situation of
played in Ann Arbor will permit our "local laws equality.
and customs to prevail" are two rejoinders The athletic board has claimed the Georgia-
that don't really answer the basic charges of Michigan game is an advancement for the
the game's opponents. They don't explain why cause of human rights. It can and should prove
the game was scheduled in the first place and its point.
why we should have dealings anywhere with -RICHARD CRAMER
discriminators. Associate Sports Editor
A Return to Stalinism?
WESTERN DIPLOMATS and political specu- seems doubtful that the iron fist will ever rise
lators were given a meaty problem to to its old heights.,
consider last week when Andrei Gromyko sud- Russian policy has gone from one extreme-
denly displaced Dmitri Shepilov as Soviet the ruthless cruelty of Stalin-to the other-the
Foreign Minister, soft touch, by comparison, of party boss Khru-
One point of speculation has been that the shchev.
shuffle indicates the beginning of a return to Now it appears that an attempt is being made
power of V. M. Molotov and his cohorts, all to strike a reasonable midpoint-a firm grip,
old-line Stalinists. Gromyko has long been but one not tight enough to prod the restless
identified with this wing of the party, as a satellites to the explosive point, nor tax them
protege of Molotov. enough to give them courage to follow Tito's
example and pull away from Moscow domi-
Otber. theorists have guessed that perhaps it nation
means merely a downgrading of Shepilov, or naon.
even of the entire Foreign Ministry. IN ADDITION to the stiffening of policies at
When one looks back on events since the home, the Russian leadership has once again
ascendency of Nikita Khrushchev and his anti- launched a campain to stir things up in other
Stalinist, "kid gloves" politics, it seems likely parts of the world, notably Germany and the
that the former possibility is closest, to the -Middle East.
truth. This is another symptom of a moderate "get
THE REVOTS i Poland and Hungary, the The end result of these shifts in top echelon
failure of the new soft line to lure Tito back of the party and the changes being made in
into the Kremlin fold, and the riots and the handling of foreign affairs is still in the
rumblings and signs of Titoism in some of the realm of speculation. Developments over the
other satellite countries - East Germany, next few months can be expected to show the
Romania, and Bulgaria in particular - have trend.
apparently aroused fears that the empire is A great deal is at stake-in particular, the
crumbling course of the cold war and the fate of the
Though there may be an attempt to reimpose satellite empire, now threatening to collapse.
Stalinism to some degree in Soviet policy, it -EDWARD GERULDSEN
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:'
Sanctions Debate Resumes
'(0M I.- -N
Unique Tonal Quality
WHAT A JOY to write a review about a concert such as the final one
given here Sunday afternoon by the Quartetto Italiano! The only
difficulty consists in finding sufficient words of praise, and in pointing
out specific factors which-constitute such excellence.
As has been mentioned in previous reviews of this group, once ex-
cellent musicianship and technique have been noted, the unique tone
quality remains the Quartet's most striking characteristic.
From the opening bars one becomes aware of a refinement-of a
truly aristocratic sound-which is as thrilling as it is rare. The quality
of velvet is the most obvious analogy. And if one speculates as to how
this is achieved, the answer must necessarily fall into two categories:
The left hand of each quartet member has a highly developed vi-
brato which is narrow in width,
which can be subtly varied at will.
It is so even and constant as to be
Herein it achieves high success.
Such a technique and/or musical
accomplishment is an important
factor wherever a tone of excel-
lence is produced.
The second factor which con-
stitutes their beautiful sound is
bowing. Here, likewise, each per-
former demonstrated a perfect and
breath-taking mastery. Every bow
stroke, when intended to be firm
and loud, was neversrough or
harsh, and when softness was de-
sired, the bow clung to the string
enough to be highly resonant and
* * *
THEIR WHOLE CONCEPT of
this technique was to bow into the
string, and not drop the bow from
above; to allow the arm to pull the
bow, and not the bow to drag the
Moreover, each member seemed
to conceive his instrument as a
singing one, and thus even rhyth-
mic, chordal passages partook of
a sort of lyrical beauty. The ugly,
percussive quality many quartets
force from their instruments was,
fortunately, entirely lacking.
This final program of the three-
day "Festival" consisted of the
Quartet No. 2 by Cambini (1746-
1825), the Mozart D minor (K.
421), and the Schubert C major
T h e Cambini, chosen from
among his 144 quartets, opened
the program, and is one of the
more pleasing contributions from
the pen of an often minor com-
poser. The performance gave to it
so much that its charm seemed
intrinsic. At the hands of lesser
players, however, the music itself
would perhaps seem less interest-
The performance of the Mozart
K. 421 was likely as rewarding as
any ever given to this work. On
the surface, this music is simple,
straight-forward, and of a trans-
parent texture. The performers,
extremely rapid in pulsation, and
WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND: ;s
Jet Jockey Pearson
Bly DREW PEARSON
therefore, have nothing "to hide
behind." Every slight flaw will be
apparent, and every subtlety and
nuance is an integral requirement
of the musical material.
FOR THESE REASONS, the
second movement was the most
successfully met challenge of the
entire concert. Due to the sparcity
of music material, the interpre-
tation assumes paramount impor-
tance. The Quartetto was unspeak-
ably excellent in this deceptively
"simple" Andante. The delicious
charm of the third movement
Trio, and the beautifully executed
syncopated section of the final
movement should also be noted
as being unusually well executed.
The last programmed number,
the Schubert, was a fitting con-
clusion for a concert which was a
rare privilege to attend. As a gra-
cious farewell, the "Festival" con.
cluded with a Vivaldi Sonata play-
ed as an encore.
The Daily Official Bulletin Is an
official publication for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Room
3553 Administration Building, before
2 p.m. the day preceding publication.
Notices for Sunday Daily due at 2:00
Tuesday, February 19, 1957
Vol. LXV1I, No. 95
Film, for Wed., Feb. 20, will be Nancy
Hanks instead of One Nation Indivis-
ible, Part I. Nancy Hanks is the last of
the films in the Lincoln Series, to be
shown at 12:30 p.m. In the Audio-Vis-
ual Education Center Auditorium, 4051
Barbara Ward, British economist~
author and lecturer, will speak at
Hill Auditorium Tues., Feb. 19 at 8:30
p.m., the sixth in a series on the Ora-
torical Association. Her subject: "The
Untiy of the Free World". Tickets on
sale tomorrow and Tues. at the Audi-
torium box office.
Military History Lecture: Prof. Wil-
liam B. Willcox, Department of History,
will speak on "The2American Revolu-
tion," Wed., Feb. 20, 7:30 p.m., Aud.
C, Angell Hall. Open to the public.
WITH THE White House con-
sidering a $20-$30 billion pro-
gram for air-raid shelters and with
Dr. Edward Teller warning that in
case of atomic war a part of the
nation would have to spend days
underground, it's essential to make
sure that enemy planes can't pen-
etrate our defenses.
That's why I went out to And-
rews Air Force Base, where the
85th Air Divisionischarged with
defending the Atlantic seaboard
from New Jersey to North Caro-
lina. My ride in a jet fighter-in-
terceptor and my exciting partici-
pation in a simulated attack on
the United States was only part of
trying to find out how well defend-
ed we are.
Admittedly, the Intercontinental
Ballistic Missile, when finally de-
veloped, could penetrate our de-
fenses. Also, guided missiles re-
leased from an enemy submarine
close to our shores are a serious
danger. But I came to the con-
clusion that conventionalhenemy
aircraft would have an extremely
difficult time effectively penetra-
ting the carefully charted defenses
ing the carefully charted defenses
of the United States.
* * *
THESE DEFENSES are laid out
so unobtrusively that the average
citizen isn't aware of them. But
they are there. They begin far out
to sea, where the Navy has subs
and patrol vessels equipped with
radar on duty night and day. Over
the sea, the Air Force also has
flying laboratories equipped with
long-range radar, constantly on
guard. In theuFar North, at such
bases as Thule, Greenland, which
I recently visited, radar is also on
the lookout. And in cooperation
with Canada are various intricate,
delicate early warning systems, the
most important-to detect the
ICBM-not yet finished.
On the ground, in the conten-
ental United States are 16 Air
Divisions, of which the 85th at
Andrews in southern Maryland is
one. At these Air Divisions is per-
formed the hardest work of all-
the job of watching and charting
every suspicious or unknown plane
that approaches the United States.
Since there are 33,000 flights daily
in the U.S.A., with 600 foreign
flights, this is an exacting and
very difficult task.
But on a huge glass board in
"The Blockhouse" or "Crribat Op-
erations Center" of Andrews Base
are chartered the flights of planes
along the Middle Atlantic sea-
board. In similar blockhouses
around the U.S.A., men are doing
the same thing, night and day.
It's a tedious, meticulous job, but
it has to be done.
IN A SORT of amphitheatre,
looking down on this huge glass
board, sit officers of the Air Force,
the Army, Navy, Marines, and
Civil Defense. A representative of
each is always present, looking
down, watching .hat glass board,
ready to jump into action. There
isn't any friction between these
different branches of the service
where the job of watching for un-
known planes is done.
Behind the big glass board
which reaches right up to the ceil-
ing, three airmen sit with tele-
phones to their ears, pieces of
chalk in hand, marking the loca-
tion of each plane as it approach-
es the area. They know what the
commercial flights are. But if an
"unknown" plane approaches, if
for instance a British Overseas
Airline plane coming up from Ber-
muda should get off course and be
unidentified, then the machinery
of the 85th Air Division would
jump into action.
It would first get a report from
a Navy patrol out at sea. And if
neither the Navy nor the Air
Force's flying radar planes off the
Coast identified the plane, the
95th Fighter-Interceptor Squad-
ron under Lt. Col. Joel D. Thor-
valdson of Spokane would go up to
take a look at the plane.
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Junction in the Near East
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
DEBATE RESUMES in the United Nations
today on the refusal of Israel to withdraw
her troops from Egyptian territory, and therein
lies the key to the urgency with which Eisen-
hower and Dulles are pursing direct negotia-
tions with Israel.
They facethe possibility that some time
during this debate the United States delega-
tion will have to vote on whether to impose
sanctions in an effort to enforce the General
Assembly's resolution of Feb. 2 calling on'Israel
to get out. Such a vote would place the admin'
istration in a serious political dilemma.
RICHARD SNYDER Editor
RICHARD HALLORAN LEE MARKb
Editorial Director City Editor
GAIL GOLDSTEIN ................Personnel Director
ERNES'[I rHEODOSSIN Magazine Editor
JANET REARICK Associate Editorial Director
MARY ANN THOMAS...... .......Features Editor
DAVID GREY ...... Sports Editor
RICHARD CRAMER...........Associate Sports Editor
STEPHEN HEILPERN........Associate Sports Editor
VIRGINIA ROBERTSON ..... Women's Editor
JANE FOWLER ..........Associate Women's Editor
ARLINE LEWIS............... Women's Feature Editor
JOHN HIRTZEL .............. Chief Photographer
DAVID SILVER. Business Manager
MILTON GOLDSTEIN Associate Business Manager
WILLIAM USCH .. ........Advertising Manager
CHARLES WILSON . .---- ,..., inane Manager
It has declared repeatedly its support of the
numerous UN resolutions passed since the
Middle East crisis arose with Egypt's seizure
of the Suez Canal. Thus the United States has
made considerable gains with the Arabs.
IF THE AFRICAN-ASIAN resolution calling
for sanctions is the only measure offered to
enforce the UN demand, the United States will
either have to vote for it or risk the loss of this
If she does vote for it, the administration is
in for a hair-raising fight in Congress, where
members of its own party are determined that
the United States shall not take steps to punish
Israel over Egypt as long as Russia remains
unpunished over Hungary.
The issue could force a final split between the
Knowland and Eisenhower factions of the
Republican party. The California senator is
prepared to resign from the UN delegation to
lead the fight against unilateral sanctions.
There is a possibility that someone else will
offer an alternative resolution, as happened in
the Algerian case agailnst France, letting the
United States off the hook. Some delegations,
including Canada, have been busily conferring.
OTHERWISE, observers believed the Presi-
dent woulr have to go a little farther in
the way of assurances, to get something out
of current negotiations with Israel, with Israel
possibly giving up part of her demands.
There is always the danger that the situation
such as now exists can produce new outbreaks
of violence in the Middle East.
But there is nothing to indicate an increase
in tension there comparable with the scramble
By DAVID GELFAND
Daily Staff Writer
THE SITUATION in the Near
East has slowly reached a
junction. From here, it can take
one of three paths; one leads to
war, another would preserve the
status quo, and the last could lead
The future of that area is inti-
mately tied to the objectives and
attitudes of the four countries
most involved: Israel and Egypt,
Russia, and more recently, the
United States. For peace to exist,
the interests of these nations must
either be thwarted of compro-
mised in a way agreeable to all
Israel's objectives are quite
clear. First, she wants to secure
her borders against attack. Sec-
ond, she wants freedom of navi-
gation in the Suez Canal and the
Gulf of Aquaba.
But Israel's present position is
ambivalent. Because of her at-
tack on Egypt, her prestige and
goodwill are low. Israel can ex-
pect little sympathy from the UN
General Assembly and will con-
tinue to be morally outcast from
However, Israel's trump is her
occupation of the Gaza Strip and
the entrance to the Gulf of Aoua-
ba. Israel thus protects herself
from attack along the Egyptian
border and a trade outlet to Asia.
No nation now able to do so is
willing to wage the war necessary
to dislodge her from these posi-
Some believe that economic
If sanctions were imposed by
the UN, they would undoubtedly
be violated, thus lowering respect
for the UN. This may explain why
Secretary of State Dulles is nego-
tiating feverishly with Israel, try-
ing to get her out of Egypt before
the pressure for unenforceable
* * *
EGYPT is the other principle
party to the dispute. Her imme-
diate objective is to get Israeli
troops out of Egyptian territory.
But because she cannot wage ef-
fective war against Israel at the
present time, Egypt must work
through diplomatic channels.
Currently, Egypt is enjoying
the diplomatic benefits of having
been the victim of aggression.
However, this cannot be ex-
pected to last. Every time Egypt
brings up the question of Israeli
troops in Egypt, she also raises
the questions of Indian troops in
Kashmir and Russian troops in
Hungary. In this way, she neutra-
lizes the sources from which she
expects her greatest amount of
When speaking of the rise and
fall of Egyptian diplomacy, other
factors must be brought to mind.
These are the surly attitude of
Egypt toward the West, and ter
innumerable statements to tare ef-
fect that she will never make a
peace treaty with Israel. Under
these conditions, Egypt's halo
may quickly evaporate.
In the past, Egypt has relied
heavily on Russia for materiel.
This will continue but to a lesser
WHERE DOES the United
States enter into the picture?
America has assumed the part of
arbitrator, which has been made
possible by the measure of respect
she commands from both Israel
and her Arab neighbors.
The Arab goodwill was created
by morally supporting Egypt
when that country was attacked.
Israeli goodwill is to a great de-
gree retained by similarity of
ideologies and U.S. financial aids.
The United States takes the po-
sition of mediator because she
wants the support of two oppos-
ing groups: Western Europe and
the Arab-Afro-Asian bloc of na-
tions. She can only keep these
loyalties if no great tensions arise
between the two groups. If ten-
sions do arise, the U.S. must side
with one at the expense of losing
the other, of aiding neither at the
expense of losing both. Under the
conditions of a cold war, the
United States cannot afford to
lose the support of anyone.
As mediator, the U.S. faces dif-
ficulties imposed by the attitudes
and objectives of the Israelis and
the Arabs. She must get Israel
out of Gaza and the entrance to
the Gulf of Aquaba; but Israel
will not leave without guarantees
that these places will not again
be made available to her enemies.
The U.S. must also assure the
Egyptians that they will never
again be attacked; but at the
same time, the U.S. must exact
responsible guarantees from
Egypt that the Suez and the bor-
AT THE STATE:
THERE is apparently some
strange axiom prevalent in the
script-writers union that the only
clever way to get a specific idea
through the skulls of the general
public is to use a sledge hammer
and chisel. A fine example of this
technique is "Top Secret Affair".
When it became necessary to
create a film dealing with the
problems faced by a brave, re-
sourceful, intelligent, handsome,
young major general caught in
the sticky mess of civilian life, the
job had to be done rather heavily.
Unmentionable Senate itvestiga-
tors, elegant female journalists,
and fat army career men plod
around the screen with all the un-
subtlety of a young poet at mating
Kirk Douglas, as one might eas-
ily guess, is the perfect officer.
Hard and Fast, Bold and Brave,
High and Mighty, Kirk fulfills all
the latest and oldest movie cliches
by wandering into the den of Su-
san Hayward, an iniquitous young
woman of the business world. Su-
san, the rich and stubborn o.wner
of a national magazine oddly
titled Newsworld, is on the trail of
a Kirk Douglas expose, since she
wishes to replace him in the dip-
lomatic corps with a fellow more
friendly to Newsworld's journa-
* * *
BUT honest Kirk is True Blue,
and with extraordinary skill and
extrasensory perception, he
emerges from the mental seduc-
tion unscathed and uncorrupted.
Unfortunately, however, he makes
the sad mistake of failing stars
over sabre for Miss Hayward. One
can't help suspecting thathad he
seen enough of these bad films,
he might be able to recognize her
quivering lips, twitching shoul-
ders, and watery eyes as evidences
of some contagious disease called
SEX, and would have left at the
end of the previews.
In any case, Susan manages to
wheedle a nasty secret out of the
poor officer, which like any good
journalist or any irate woman,
she blabs to the public when Kirk
Dr. Jacob A. Arlow, Associate Research
Psychiatrist, Presbyterian Hospital, New
York City, will present a University
Lecture at 8:00 p.m., Wed., Feb. 20, in
the Auditorium of Children's Psychi-
atric Hospital, on "Ego Psychology and
Its Development." Sponsored by the
Department of Psychiatry.
Summer Job Opportunities for so-
ciologically-minded students will be
discussed by Professors R. D. Vinter,
R. O. Blood, and H. P. Sharp on Wed.
Feb. 20 at 4:10 p.m. in Room 2402,
Mason Hall. All undergraduates in-
Organ Recital by Robert Ellis, guest
organist, 8:30 p.m. Wed., Feb. 20, in
Hill Auditorium. Graduate of School
of Music (M. Mus. 1951), Ellis is now
head of Organ Department of Hen-
derson State Teachers College (Ar-
kansas); program will include compo-
sitions by Bach, Mozart and Widor,
and will be open to the general pub-
lic without charge.
School of Business Administration.
Faculty meeting Tues., Feb. 19, at 3
p.m., Room 164.
Makeup Examination in Economic*
51, 52, 53, 54 and 153 will be given Iii
Room 103, Economics Building on Thur.
Feb. 28, at 1:00 p.m.
Philosophy 34 Make-up Final will be
held on Wed., Feb. 20 from 2 to 5 p.m.
in 2208 Angeli Hall.
" The Extension Service announces the
following class to be held in Ann Ar-
bor beginning Wed., Feb. 20.
The Romantic Viewpoint in the Arts.
-7:30 p.m. Auditorium B, Angell Hall.
This lecture course will explore both
the work of individual artists and cer-
tain cultural movements reflected in,
the arts. Lectures and panels. Ten
weeks. $15.00. Lecturers, Prof. Marvin
Feiheim, Prof. H. Wiley Hitchcock,
Prof. Marvin J. Eisenberg, and 'Prof.
Leonard K. Eaton.
Registration for this class may be
made in Room 4501 of the Administra-
tion Building on South State Street
during University office hours and in
Room 164 of the School of Business Ad-
ministration, Corner of Monroe and
Tappan, from 6:30 to 9:30 p.m. Mon.
through Wed., Feb. 18, 19 and 20.