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January 16, 1957 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1957-01-16

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Sixty-Seventh Year

"Darn Good Speech But I Didn't Catch All Of It"




'hen Opinions Are Free
Trutt Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

Y, JANUARY 16, 1957


ment of
to be i
is as we
y space.
ative ap
the. Univ
tudent o
race, rel
. vocatio
bes "willk
afar as a

Residence Halls Integration:
The University Should Lead
IDENCE Halls Governors' "state- social contact, and one of its functions is to
policy" regarding roommates is at expose the sudent to as many different ways
ncluded in men's housing applica- of thinkting as it can.
11 as women's, clarifying somewhat It is not the University's place to say, "Ne-
ure involved in assigning dormi- groes, Catholics and Jews are completely equal
But the statement itself seems a to white, Anglo-Saxon Protestants." It is rath-
proach to the integration'problem er for it to say, "Here are several different
ersity. kinds of people from several different kinds ofj
r parental preferences with regard cultures. Get to know them and decide for
ligion, nationality, smoking habits yourself."
onal interests of assigned room-}
be respected in the Residence Halls, IN ASKING the "loaded" question, the Uni-
dministratively feasible." versity would give those who disagree with
this educationalv rinciple a chance to say so

I ~
~ ~-r~1I

Instead of encouraging students to broaden and then should comply with their feeli
their cultural contacts by living with mem-a
bers of different racial, religious, national and by respecting their right to choose with wh
nerst gf drup ra rgis, theUnierynoags n they will live. But it should not be a party
interest groups, the University encourages fostering a provincial attitude by sheer ne
them to retain previous attitudes in that "trau-
matic" first year. The University's responsibility lies in edu
Questions on the application blanks them- tion for living, not protection from the reali
selves are no improvement on the Governors' of life. In pussyfooting tactfully around1
statement. Men are asked "Are you interested
question and condoning insular attitudes,
in a roommate of a nationality or race other is shirking its educational duties.
than your own?", while women are merely And it is relnashing the leadership i
requested to "specify any preferences or quali-t
,,expected to assume.
fications you have regarding a roommate." -TAMMYMORRISO
The men's question, while more specific than
that for women, leaves much to be desired in
the way of out-and-out enthusiasm about in- Autumn Resolutions;
tegration. And the women's question implies
that smoking habits and retiring hours are Winter Reckoning
the most important criteria for roommates.
Both statements carry with them the underly- R EMEMBER the resolutions we made b
ing but possibly false assumption that most when the leaves were still on the treesa
people don't want to integrate. the most pressing question before us was h
"the team" would do against UCLA int
N ASSIGNING roommates, the University opener?
deals with three groups of people: those who This was the semester that was going to
want to integrate, those who are actively op- different. We were going to study diligen
posed to it, and those who honestly haven't all along instead of cramming at the last m:
thought about it enough to care. It is the last, ute.
and probably largest group, the indifferent one, We had learned our lesson. No more wait
that loses out on a significant cultural experi- until the last week of school to do papers t
ence because of the negatively-worded ques- were due the day before Christmas vacation
tion on the housing application. We were in school to learn, and learn
If the question were stated more positively- would - no shortcuts, like copying lect
"Do you object to a roommate of a nationality notes or reading outlines. No more caffein p:
or race other than your own?" - it might go bleary eyes, and minds so drugged by the v
a long way toward making entering fresh- ume of material poured in at the last min
men solidify their own beliefs on the subject. that they were incapable of clear thought.
Few people except the most rabid anti-integra- It must have been a long time ago that
tionists would answer such a loaded ques- walked across the diag and felt good ab
ion, "Yes." making our resolutions. The sun was wa
Admittedly, it is a loaded question, but there then and the Arboretum took over wheret
is no neutral-'ground on the subject of inte- General Library left off.
gration. The University must take a stand one There is a dirty snow on the ground n
way or the other, and it would be more consis- and it is bitter cold to get up for eight o'clo
ent with its much-touted educational prin- or even nine's. Judging from the lights bu.
ciples if the stand was pro-integration. ing late into the night, the hum of typewrite
Whether it should take sides on moral issues and the zombies with sunken red eyesf
is irrelevant here - as far as the University is habiting classrooms, things haven't been
concerned, this is not a moral issue, but an different after all. Finals start soon.
educational principle. The University's realm -LEE MARKS
extends beyond the classroom into a student's City Edito
Integration and Southern In ustr

y to
t is

~59 '? "l+~ ~dA-~.IL M 'T~S\0Cv o


On Attlee; Medical Library

(Continued on Page 2)
From Tues., Jan. 29 through Wed.,
Feb. 6, the General Library will be open
8 a.m.-6 p.m., with the exception of
Sat.. Feb. 2 and Sun.. Feb. 3 when the
building will be closed. Divisional li-
braries will observe short hours from
Wed., Jan. 30 through Wed., Feb. 6.
Hours will be posted on the doors of
each library. The Medical Library, how-
ever, will maintain its regular sched-
ule during this period.
Regular hours will be resumed in
all units of the University Library be-
ginning Thurs., Feb. 7.
Applications for grants in support of
research projects: Faculty members
who wish to apply for grants from the
Faculty Research Funds to support re-
search projects should file their appli-
cations in the Office of the Graduate
School not later than Mon., Feb. 11.
Application forms are available in the
office of the Dean, Room 1006, Rack-
ham Building.
Regulations for the 1958 -Hop
Women's Housing and Hours
Arrangements for housing women
over night during J-Hop period, in
Men's Residences must be separately
approved at the office of Dean of Wo-
men. For fraternities occupied by wo-
men guests, a chaperone-in-residence
must be approved by the Dean of Wo-
men. The chaperone selected is to be
in residence for the entire period and
is not to attend the Hop.
Fraternities having over night wo-
men guests must vacate their houses
by 1:00 p.m. Monday, February 4th,
after which the women guests and
chaperones shall move into the houses
and regular men's calling hours will
be in effect Monday afternoon and
Tuesday. On Tuesday morning the
houses will be opened to men at 9:30
a.m. to return furniture from the Hop.
Occupancy of houses by J-Hop guests
shall not exceed that which is ap-
proved by the University Health Serv-
Women have 4:00 a.m. permission on
the morning following the J-Hop on
February 4th and 2:30 a.m. permission
on the following morning of February
5th. Regular calling hours in women's
residences will not be extended. This
includes fraternities which are hous-
ing women if no party is scheduled.
Fraternities housing women guests
must remain open during the hours
of the Hop and the chaperone-in-
residence must be at the house.
Regulations for Parties
Student groups wishing to have par-
ties during the J-Hop period are in-
structed to seek approval from the Of-
fice of Student Affairs following usual
procedures. Requests for approval for
specific social events should be filed on
or before Friday, January 18th. Chap-
erones are subject to the approval of
-the Dean of Men. Two married couples,
26 years of age or older, or one such
couple and the chaperone-in-residence
are required as chaperones. Exception:
For dinner preceding and breakfast
following the J-Hop dance, only one
qualified married couple or the chap-
erone-in-residence is required. It is
suggested that chaperones be selected
from such groups as parents of stu-
dents, faculty members, or alumni,
who will be willing to cooperate with
the president of the house to assure
that University regulations are ob-
No house parties will be approved for
the night of the Hop, Pre-Hop dinners
must end not later than 9:30 p.m.
Fraternities are closed to callers dur-
ing the hours a group attends the Hop
and may re-open if desired at 2:00 a.m.
Exception: Fraternities housing women
guests must remain open during the
hours of the Hop and the chaperone-
in-residence must be at the house.
Breakfast must close in sufficient
time to allow women students to re-
turn to their residences before 4:00
a.m. Fraternities occupied by women
guests must be closed to men promptly
at 4:00 a.m.
Parties are restricted to the Ann Ar-
bor area.
All parties involving women guests
shall be confined to the first floor.
Intoxicating Beverages
The use or presence of intoxicating
liquors in student residences is not
Church Street Parking Structure is
now open for parking to holders of
"staff" permits. Users of the struc-
ture will be required to observe an
eight mile an hour speed limit, always
keep to the right in going up and down
the ramps and to drive cars into park-
ing spaces rather than to back them
The University of Michigan assumes
no responsibility for articles left In
cars or for damage to cars or theft of

Indian Independence ,.,.
To the Editor :
DEMOCRACY is not like a suit
that you may take off a peg
and hang on anybody, it may not
fit, it does not fit. The problem
of granting independence to India
was one of the nonhomogeniety of
people. So we divided the Indian
Empire into three nation=-India,
Pakistan and Ceylon, which led
to frictions between the Hindus
and the Moslems, Brahmins and
non-Brahmins, caste and non-
caste . . . so ran Lord Atlee's ex-
planiation of the fall of imperial-
ism due to the recognition of the
rights of the colonial peoples by
the imperialists which later crys-
talised in the creation of the ami-
able family of nations are Com-
Unfortunately, the whole story
of the downfall of imperialism in
general, and the British Empire
in particular, is neither as bright
nor as full of magnanimity and
nobility on the part of the rulers
as Lord Atlee would have us be-
lieve. Countries formerly under
the British rule are independent
today because the imperialists
were forced to realize and recog-
nize the rights of the peoples of
their colonies. In particular, since
they could not stall the Indian
demands they resorted to their,
conventional weapon-division.
When Pakistan was created the
political engineers in Britain were
fully aware of the evident insta-
bility of the new nation which
would give them an excuse and
thus a hand in the affairs of the
subcontinent which would be
otherwise a great potential power.
Besides, by this means they could

keep India and Pakistan well oc-
cupied and thus hinder their rapid
progress. To achieve their pur-
poses they resorted to the calcu-
lated disruption of Hindu-Mos-
lem relations which had been
built up over a long period of time.
-C. R. Ahooja
Undergrads Welcome
To the Editor:
WE WOULD like to correct the
impression created in your
columns by Misses Firk and Ab-
rams (Daily, Jan. 8) that the
Medical Library is a restricted
club run only for the benefit of
the medical students. The Medical
Library is a division of the Uni-
versity Library and its function
is to serve all the members of the
University community. Its pri-
mary responsibility, however, is
to the Medical School, School of
Nursing and staff of the Univer-
sity Hospitals, and not to provide
study hall facilities for under-
graduate students. Nevertheless,
the Library has never attempted
to exclude undergraduates during
those hours of the day when there
was not great demand made on its
seating space, or even during the
busy hours of the evening, if the
student were able to present' an
acceptable reason for using its
facilities. In the past because of
its proximity to the dormitories.
many of the seats in the Library
have been taken up by undergrad-
uates who were not using library
resources but using the library as
a study hall. The staff of the
Library regrets that it has to act
in this unhospitable fashion dur-
ing the evening hours when study
space in the library is at a pre-

mium, and wishes it could vwel-
come all the students as cordially
during the hours from 6 p.m. to
10 p.m. as it does in the hours be-
tween 8 a.m. and 6 p.m. Limita-
tions of space make this impossi-
ble, and we hope the students will
understand that this predicament
is not one of our own choosing.
-Staff of the
Medical Library
Brickbats 'n Biases ,,,
To the Editor:
IT WAS entertaining to read
your editorial about the South's
racial problems in Saturday's
Daily - entertaining because of
the concern and tongue clucking
the great northern liberals inhab-
iting this institution show to-
wards southern problems of
school and transportation inte-
gration - entertaining because
of almost the deliberate effort the
liberals make to ignore bigotry,
racial and religious discrimina-
tion which is less remote, and
which effects people closer to
home: discrimination in frater-
nities and sororities.
I doubt if your paper, or any-
one at this University has the
right to criticize the South in
this time of turmoil while such
things as "bias clauses" and dis-
criminatory gentleman's agree-
ments exist and are tolerated;
what is wrong for one part of the
country is wrong for all parts.
Shouldn't we take the precaution
of cleaning our own house before
throwing briclbats at others, lest
we discover our house is made of
glass too?
-Ronald Pivnick, '60L

cars oraccessories while parked in this
There are two entrances and exits on
Church Street and one on Forest Ave-
nue. After 6 p.m. the Forest Avenue
entrance and the southerly entrance on
Church Street will be closed and traf-
fic will enter and leave through the
north entrance adjacent to the office.
Cars which are parked in the south
ramps of the structure can cross over
to the north ramps to leave the build-
ing on either the top level or the, bot-
tom level of the structure.
A limited number of spaces are re-
served on the first level for University
An attendant is on duty from 7:30
a.m. until 10:30 p.m. to assist you in
your parking problems.
Enforcement of the above rules as
well as all other established parking
rules and regulations will begin on
January 15, 1957 by the AnnArbor Po-
lice Department.
Ski Clinic -- Women Students. Free
ski clinic Fri., Jan. 18 from 200-4:00
p.m. at the Women's Athletic Build-
ing. Skis will be furnished for those
who have ski boots; others may come
for instruction only. Notify the matron
in advance by calling NO. 3-1511, Ext.
702, by Thurs. noon, Jan. 17.
Delta Delta Delta General Fund
Scholarship Eligibility: Any woman stu-
dent of better-than-average standing.
Use of Scholarship: May be applied to
Summer Session 1957, or Fall Semester
1957. Amount: Not to exceed $200. Apply
to Office of the Dean of Women Jan.
15 through 25.
Late Permission: All women students
who attended the concert at Hill Audi-
torium on Mon., Jan. 14, had late per-
mission until 11:35 p.m.
University Lecture: Prof. Samuel A.
Stouffer, Harvard University, will speak
on "Studies of Social Mobility." Wed.,
Jan. 16, 4:15 p.m., West Conference
Room, Rackham.
Research Seminar of the Mental
Health Research Institute. Dr. Ed-
ward F. O'Day, Jr., Foundation for Re-
search on Human Behavior, will speak
on "The Effects of Life-Style upon
Accuracy in Predicting the Self-Evalu-
ation of Persons Familiar and Unfamil-
iar (A Personality Study of Neurotics,
Character Disorders, Alcoholics, Sehizo-
phrenics and Normals)" on Jan. 17,
1:15-3:15 p.m. at the Conference Room
of the Children's Hospital. On Jan. 24,
Dr. Frank M. Berger, Discoverer of
Miltown, Medical Director of Wallace
Laboratories, will speak on "A Critical
Review of Tranquilizers," 1:15-3:15 p.m.
at the Conference Room of the Chil-
dren's Hospital
Vienna Choir Boys will give the sev-
enth concert in the current Choral
Union Series, auspices, of the Univer-
sity Musical Society, Sun,, Jan, 20, at
2:30 p.m. in Hill Auditorium, Informa-
tion at the offices of the University
Musical Society in Burton Tower.
Student Recital: June Hollyer, or-
ganist, at 8:30 p.m. Wed, Jan. 23, in
Hill Auditorium, performing composi-
tions. by Walther, Bach, Mendelssohn,
Hindemith, and Reger, in partial ful-
fillment of the requirements for the
degree of Bachelor of Music, Miss Holl-
yer is a pupil of Robert Noehren, and
her recital will be open to the public,
Academic Notices
Notice to all Students:bThe ,lan
guage placement tests will be given for
the Spring Semester on Fri., Feb. 1
from 7:00 to 9:00 p.m.
French-And. A, Angell Hall
Spanish-Aud. B, Angell Hall.
German-110 Tappan
Latin-2009 Angell Hall
Any desiring to take these tests should
come at the time and place indicated
Application for Fellowships and
Scholarships in the Graduate School
for 1957-58 and supporting letters of
recommendation will be accepted un-
til 4 p.m., Fri., Feb. 15 in the Graduate
School Offices, Present holders of ap
pointments must file application for
renewal at this time.
All Students, College of Literature,
Science and the Arts: If you haven't
had your courses' approved for the
Spring Semester, please report during
the half day preceding your registra
tion time. Students with 54 hours or
less elected go to And- D Angell Hall:
those with 55 hours or more to Angell

Hall. Study Hall, 1223 Angell Hall, Stu-
dents who are not degree candidates
report to 1223 Angell Hall. Studenl
with special registration passes mu
report the half day before the pass is
good. Office Hours: Sat., Feb. 2, 1:30-
4:00 p.m., Mon., Feb. 4, 8:30-11:30 a.m.;.
1:30-4:00 p.m.; Tues., Feb. 5, 8:30- 11:30
a.m., 1:30-4:00 p.m.; Wed., Feb. 6,.
8:30-11:30 a.m.
Graduate Record Examination: Can-
didates taking the Graduate Record
Examination on Jan. 19 are requested
to report to 100 Hutchins Hall at 8:45
a.m. Afternoon session in 250 Hutchins
Political Science 67. All make-ups for
midterm or section final will be given
Jan. 17 in 2419 M. H. from 10:00 to
11:00 a.m. Final, Political Science 67.
Mr. vaerno's sections, 5, 8 and 9, wifl
meet in 35 A. H., Jan. 26, 9:00 a.m.
to 12:00 noon.
Philosophy 34 Final: Mr. Todds' sec-
tions (Sec. 4 and 13) will take the
final examination in Room 2203 An-
gell Hall. Mrs. Benkard's, Mr. Bell's
and Mr. Henle's sections Sec. 1, 6, 7,
10 and 11) will take the final examina-
tion in Room 231 Angeli Hall. All oth-
er students should go to Angell Hall,
Aud. A.
History 38. Final examination, Thurs.,
Jan. 24, 9-12 a.m., in Room 2003, A.H.
History 91. Final examination, Tues.,
Jan. 29, 9-12 a.m., in Room 35, A.H.
English Journal Club Thurs., Jan. 17,
in the East Conference Room in the
Rackham Building at 8:00 p.m. .Two
graduate students, wolfgang Staab, of



ANOTHER EFFORT to continue segregation
in Southern schools was stopped quickly
last week when Federal Judge Walter E. Hoff-
man declared Virginia's pupil placement law
The pfacement plan was set up to give a
three-man committee power to assign all pu-
pils to various grade schools within the state
system,. It provided that rulings of the board
could- be appealed to state courts and to the
governor. It also stipulated that state funds
would be withheld from any integrated schools.
Although the plan did not state race or color
as criteria for placement, it would most likely
prevent integration if enforced.
W HEN THE Supreme Court first ruled that
the Southern Negro be enfranchised,
Southern legislatures set up legal road blocks
such as the literacy test and the "Grandfather
,Clause" to prevent the edict from taking ef-
In this situation, analagous to the school in-
tegration problem, the South stalled until it
was forced to relent and obey the Supreme
Court decision. As a result, Negroes today hold
offices on school boards and city councils in
Editorial Staff
Editorial Director City Editor
GAIL GOLDSTEIN..............Personnel Director
ERNEST THEODOSSIN. ........ ... Magazine Editor
JANE'I REARICK Associate Editorial Director
MARY ANN THOMAS.......... .... Features Editor
DAVID GREY ............... Sports Editor
RICHARD CRAMER...........,Associate Sports Editor
STEPHEN NEILPERN.......Associate Sports Editor
VIRGINIA ROBERTSON...... .Women's Editor
JANE FOWLER _. ........Associate Women's Editor
ARLINE LEWLS................ Women's Feature Editor
JOHN HIRTZEL ............... . Chief Photographer
Business Staff
DAVID SILVER, Business Manager
MILTON GOLDSTEIN Associate Business Manager
WILLIAM PUSCH ............. Advertising Manager

several large cities in the South. They use their
positions to benefit both Negro and white citi-
Because of its resistance to school integra-
tion, the South is forfeiting a valuable human
resource. Southern leaders should realize that
with an equal education representatives of the
Southern Negro may potentially develop into
intellectual, professional caliber citizens. With
increased automation in Southern industry,
there will be less need for the manual and un-
skilled labor which uneducated Southern Ne-
groes now supply. There will be an increased
need for scientists and technologists which the
educated Southern Negro may fulfill.
S OUTHERN leaders are reluctant to admit
that one of the reasons why many Northern
industries do not open plants in the South is
that they refuse to subject their administrative
and skilled Negro personnel to Southern dis-
crimination, segregation and humiliation. Lack
of educational opportunities for their children
bars these Negroes from considering Southern
The South, currently striving to diversify its
agrarian economy, could attract industry and
raise its low standard of living by making its
social conditions more attractive. The South-
ern economic base would then be widened
enough to increase opportunities for both white
and Negro.
One way to make social conditions more
attractive to Northern industry is to carry
out school integration and to stop procrastin-
ating enforcement of the Supreme Court's de-
cision with such schemes as the pupil place-
ment law. Judge Hoffman's decision is a posi-
tive step towards making the South a more
desirable place for future industry and edu-
New Books at the Library
Brant, Irving - James Madison: the Presi-
dent, 1809-1812; Indianapolis and NY, Bobbs-
Merrill, 1956.
Cohn, David L. - The Life and Times of
King Cotton; NY, Oxford Univ. Press, 1956.



Concerning Tight Money and U.S. Economy

THERE is an overriding condi-
tion in our domestic affairs
which is that our economy, though
enormously productive as com-
pared with any that has ever ex-
isted, is still not productive
enough for all the demands made
upon it. With full employment
there is not enough labor, and
with the, basic industries- in full
production there are serious shor-
tages in critical goods. Labor and
the materials do not exist to sup-
ply the total demand.
The economy cannot produce
all that consumers want to buy,
plus all that corporations would
like to spend and to borrow for
capital goods, plus all that the
Federal government needs to
spend on defense and its welfare
measures, plus all that the state
and local governments are being
pressed to spend on schools, hos-
pitals, roads, recreation and oth-
er public works.
Although the American econo-
my is growing prodigiously, it is
not growing fast enough to keep
up with the growth of the popu-
lation, with the rapid rise in what
Ameriuans have come to expect

problem of combatting inflation-
that s to say, of managing the
supply of money and credit so
that the total demand for goods
and services is kept in balance
with the supply.
But insofar as we solve the fun-
damental problem of preventing
inflation, we run into a second
pi oblem which is not so well un-
derstood. About it there are many
differing views among the experts
and authorities. This is the prob-
lem of how tv allocate the re-
duced supply of credit. It is a
problem of how to ration credit as
between the stronger borrowers,
like the big corporations, and the
weaker borrowers like home build-
ers; anc as between public bor-
rowing, say, for schools, and pri-
vate borrowing, as for office
* * *
THE PRESIDENT showed in his
message that he is acutely aware.
of the primary problem, which is
how to combat inflation. Besides
exhorting business and labor to
practice self-discipline, the Fed-
eral government has two main
ways of reducing the inflationary
pressure. One is for the govern-

is to keep expenditures from ris-
ing as fast as they might. With
our growing population and our
growing public needs at home
and abroad, there is no prospect
of reduction in public spending.
* * *
batting inflation rests on the Fed-
eral Reserve Board because of its
power to expand or to contract
the volume of money that the
banks are able to lend. The Fed-
eral Reserve Board has been us-
ing its power with great courage
and true public spirit. The result,
is the famous tight money policy,
and to that policy the country
owes the fact that the inflation-
ary rise in prices is being held
down to moderate proportions.
But as the tight money policy
takes effect, the second problem
arises. This is the problem of the
allocation of the reduced supply
of* credit among the various in-
terests, public and private, who
want to borrow. The allocation to-
day is made by the financial mar-
kets, and as the supply of credit
is less than the demand, the price
of credit, that is to say the rate of
interest, is rising. This means
that those w~xho an affordi to nav~

the need for a broad inquiry into
-the adequacy of our financial in-
stitutions. There is much com-
plaint in Congress on behalf of
farmers and businessmen about
the allocation of credit as be-
tween them and the big corpora-
tions. The problem of allocation
is posed even more sharply for
the states and localities which
need to issue bonds for schools,
roads, and other public works.
They are finding that the high
interest rate and the tight money
policy are a great burden.
Mr. Arthur Levitt, the Comp-
troller of New York State, has, for
example, pointed out that the cost
of borrowing to finance the build-
ing of schools has very nearly
doubled since 1952. This is a very
serious thing. It is a brutal fact
which interferes greatly with the
ideal theory that the localities
should meet public needs, like the
need for schools, hospitals, low
cost housing, roads and public
* * *
IT IS EASIER to pose the prob-
lem than to solve it. But this
much at least is clear. We must
resist inflation. We must there-

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