V6-Nod Sales, ightBills Rise: Finals Loom
Sales of coffee, cigarettes, no-nods and kilowatt-hours zoomed
as that semi-annual phenomenon of student life, exams, roll around.
Librarians reported a marked increase in attendance in the Gen-
eral Library, but noted a decrease in the number of books being with-
drawn from the stacks.
Union staff members reported the three cafeterias in the Union
were still well occupied by "grubbers" who liked socializing with their
Exams bring various reactions from the campus population. Com-
ments ranging from the junior man who gives up women, and liquor
and devotes the exam period to "good, clean living",to the bored senior
who advises "get plenty of sleep" were noted.
A senior man looked up from his newspaper, said "I might get
myself all confused if I start studying now," and went back to his
A reportedly tired-looking junior could not be located for com-
ment. His roommates say he has taken a quiet room someplace off
campus ;andleft no forwarding address.
In somewhat of a contrast is the exclamation of the equally
tired-looking senior woman: "Finals? Who thinks about them? I still
have two hour exams left to worry about!"
The comment of one graduate student was a bit difficult to
catch, since he was. lying with his head on the floor and his feet
propped against the wall. "Blood circulation. Good for brain effi-
ciency," was what he seemed to say as he turned another page in a
But for most it's not quite so colorful, just the somewhat drab
routine of studying - with sleeping and eating thrown in in small
STUDYING: IT CAN BE DONE IN MOST ANY ACTIVITY...
... OR STATE OF CONSCIOUSNESS .... OR CAN IT?
Solving Housing Problem
Needs More Initiative
, t it ~
See Page 4
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXVII, No. 87 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JANUARY 15, 1957
Red Danger 'Real'
Secretary Urges Senate Backing
Of Ike's Standby Military Authority
WASHINGTON (AP)-Secretary of State John Foster Dulles said
- yesterday "evidence is accumulating" that the Communists are try-
ing to take over the Middle East.
Appealing for Senate backing of President Dwight D. Eisenhower's
request of standby military authority to cope with possible Red aggres-
sion, he said the Soviet threat to Middle East security is dangerous
"I'd say that this is the most serious threat we have faced over
a period of 10 years," Dulles told the Senate Foreign Relations and
Armed Services Committees in joint session.
Senator Lyndon B. Johnson (D-Tex), Senate majority leader,.
"told Dulles that the Secretary was
basing his case on generalities ra-
ther than specific information.
o no ns Growing Evidence
" "Evidence is accumulating the
Soviet IOSoviets are trying to take over
this area," Dulles replied. "Some
details have to be. guarded for se-
-- PI1UIfl4I Dulles said some of the details
would be dealt with at closed ses-
WARSAW (P)--Communist boss sions. Yesterday's hearing was
Wladyslaw 'Gomulka, who rose to open to the public.
power ,on a wave of anti-Soviet Dulles said the threat to the
feeling three months ago, said yes- Middle East carried over into
terday Poland must veer back to- Europe.
ward Moscow's orbit. He said that if the Communists
Gomulka declared United States should get control of the Middle
policies are increasing world ten- East, "they will have a hand on
sion and, as a result, Poland is the throttle which will enable
obliged to consolidate its them to give, or cut off the life
strength with "the Socialist coun- blood of Europe."
.. tries headed by the Soviet Union" Control Two Ways'
even while pursuing a policy of Remarking that the Communists
some cooperation with Western would like to control Western1
countries. Europe, Dulles said: ,
The chief of the Polish United "One way to get control is fightl
Workers Communist party thus to get it. Another way to get an
fell in line with the opinion voiced area is to get control of its econ-1
here Friday by Red China's Pre- omy."
mier Chou En-lai that Communist And this, he said, is what the
parties must unite to clear the Communists could do to Western
road to socialism "under the lead- Europe if they won the Middle
ership of the Soviet Union." East.
In an address before electors in Dulles asked for the swiftest
Warsaw's towering Palace of Cul- possible Senate approval of au-
ture, Gomulka accused the United thority for President Eisenhower
States of threatening the use of to use American military forces, if
force to disrupt nationalist move- necessary, to help any Middle East'
ments and achieve domination, of country that asks for help in re-
the Middle East. sisting overt aggression.
Gomulka avoided any reference
to what Chou, in marked con- e
trast to the thinking of Polish Minnesota U' 1
Communists, calls "the mad stepr
of the imperialists in the diver-
sontyeactivities against Hun- J d ym
The Poles have regarded the University of Minnesota judic-r
Hungarian uprising as a revolt iary was unable to reach a dec-i
against tyranny. And since Go- ision Thursday in its second hear-c
imulka took power they have re- ing on Sigma Kappa pledgingt
ferred to relations with Soviet practices on the Minnesota cam-a
Russia only in terms of equality pus.f
and independence-not in terms In a similar hearing here Dec.c
of leadership. 5, SGC found local Sigma Kappas
"The imperialist powers are in violation of University regula-
strengthening their attacks against tions because its national hadt
the Socialist bloc," Gomulka said. shown discrimination in dropping
_ __ -_the only two chapters which hadT
Restrictions on Space Missiles
Before UN Political Committee
TIP IN-Michigan Captain Ron Kramer makes a two-pointer sion 'o
against Wisconsin in a game at Yost Fieldhouse last night. Michi- trainin
gan eventually won the game 71-62. Attempting to block Kramer's quire a
shot are Brian Kulas (8) and Steve Radke (45). to takf
Mi chigan Ca -ers Whi immedi
iness Wisconsin 71-62he.~t
By JOHN HILLYER tary of
Michigan coasted to an easy 71-62 conquest of Wisconsin's cold, militar
under-manned basketball team at Yost Field House last night be- except
fore about 5,000 spectators. vide a
The win gave the Maize and Blue a 3-1 Big Ten record, good for cape dr
a second-place tie with Illinois and Purdue. Ohio State won over TheI
Minnesota to remain on top with three wins and no defeats. months
The Wolverines ran a. ay from the Badgers, who behaved like vision,
blind men until it was too late for them to do anything about it. will do
After the visitors' Bob Litzow hit a jump shot from the free-throw portanc
line to make it 4-2 Michigan with 14:05 to play in the first half, der th
they were unable to connect from Guard
TT1 To e the floor again until 6:501re- for the
U' To ffer mained in the opening round. Army
Wisconsin's shooting average in plain t
the first half was .281. Secreta
Scho arsh 'S iMeanwhile, the Blue pleased its Bruckei
* W"partisans with some fancy netting, tary sei
To H un aria s hitting for a field-goal percentage servists
" e of .433 in the initial stanza and start o1
controlling the backboards effec- Unde
By CAROL PRINS tively. three y
English Language I n s t i t u t e Wisconsin lacked the size un- ice in
scholarships to be given to 24 der the boards that Michigan cut fror
Hungarian students have been sported, and this hurt them. Ron pre-dra
made available for second semes- Kramer and Pete Tillotson were to take
ter, University President Harlan the ringleaders in not only seeing trainin
Hatcher announced yesterday. I to it that the Badgers only got one Youn
The number of scholarships shot at a time, but working their serves
more than doubles the eight orig- way under to keep the pressure on hereaft
inal full tuition scholarships auth- offensively, instead
orized by the University. Seventy- Yet it might even have become in a rea
two hundred dollars has been set a contest in the second half as the pleting
aside by the Administration to red-clad guests attained at least three ye
finance full academic costs for normal shooting proficiency. But This la
one semester's study in the In- when Michigan guard George Lee lar trai
stitute. See MICHIGAN'S; Page 7 effort,
Semester's study in the Insti-
tute will enable the Hungarians to CAFETERIAS SNACK BAR:
gain adequate proficiency in the
English language to enroll as reg-T
versity beginning with the fall se-nion T o E n
HINGTON (P)-The Army
ay announced a major revi-
f the military service and
g program .which will re-
ll new National Guardsmen
e six months active duty
announcement brought an
ate protest from the Na-
Guard Assn. which threat-
o carry the fight to Con-
Army decision, described as
on a directive from Secre-
f Defense Charles E. Wil-
l1 automatically reduce the
y service obligation of all
career soldiers and will pro-
way for most youths to es-
raft duty altogether.
National Guard said the six
compulsory training pro-
which is effective April 1,
wngrade the Guard's im-
ce "if not, destroy it." Un-
e 1955 Reserve Act, new
recruits could volunteer
officers who sought to ex-
the new order signed by
iry of the Army Wilbur
said the reductioninnili-
rvice obligations for all re-
will be retroactive to the
f their service.
r the new order, they said,
ears of training and serv-
the ready reserve will be
m the military obligation of
ft age men who volunteer
six months of active duty
g men who entered the re-
through this option will
er serve four and one half
of seven and one half years
ady reserve unit, after com-
training, and then have
ears in the standby reserve.
Lter duty requires no regu-
ning or organized military
I BRITISH GOVERNMENT:
New Cabinet Sworn In;
Tackles Top Problems
LONDON (IP)-Prime Minister Harold Macmillan's new govern-
ment plunged yesterday into talks ranging from the Suez Canal
crisis to'setting up a free trade market in Western Europe.
The new Cabinet was sworn in before Queen Elizabeth II at
Then Macmillan and Foreign Secretary Selwyn Lloyd hustled
off to confer with Foreign Minister Charles Malik of Lebanon, who
had come from Cairo talks with President Abdul Nasser of Egypt.
First Major Task
One of the first major tasks of Macmillan's government is to
settle the Suez dispute and get ships moving through the' canal once
it is cleared of wreckage.
"The situation is very difficult,"
Malik told reporters before leav-'
ing to attend United Nations ses-
sions in New York. "It is certainly
not hopeless at all because the
business of the world must go on
and therefore everybody must help
smooth over whatever difficulties
Malik said he filled in Macmil-
lan and Lloyd on his "instructive
and exceedingly extensive talks"
with Nasser. He added the Britons
gave him no hint of their reaction.
Free Trade Plan
From Suez and the Middle East,
Lloyd turned to the projected West
European free trade plan. He dined
with Foreign Miflister Paul-Henri
Spaak of Belgium, who arrived
to discuss the plan. Spaak is the
new secretary general of the North
Atlantic Treaty Organization.
Detailed discussion opens today
at the Treasury under the chair-
manship ofhBritain's new chan-
cellor of the exchequer, Peter
In his former office as presi-
dent of the Board of Trade,
Thorneycroft pushed the idea of a
common European market area.
The talks will center on ways
of broadening the plan for a com-
mon market so that Britain and
other West European countries
can take part.
France, Italy, Belgium, Ger-
many, Holland and Luxembourg
are well advanced on the plan.
TUCSON, Ariz. (A) - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday
surveyedrecord drought damage
in a wide area of the parched
Southwest and he promised hard-
hit farmers and ranchers "every-
body will do his best" to help
Making a 4,500-mile tour taking
him into six sun-scorched states,
the President's first round of air
and ground travel took. him to
wind-swept regions in Texas, Ok-
lahoma, and New Mexico.
Thenhe flew on to Davis-Mon-
than Air Force Base near Tucson
for the night and for a parley on
Arizona's drought problem in the
morning before visiting Colorado
Talking as one farmer to others,
President Eisenhower told those
faced with one of the worst
droughts in years:
"I'm delighted to see you keep-
ing Your chins up." Out of bed at
6 a.m., the President started his
tour of badly damaged drought
areas at San Angelo, Tex., then
flew on to Woodward, Okla., and
Clovis, N.M., where he tramped
over more parched country.
At all stops on the ground in-
spection trips and at airport con-
ference with state and local offi-
cials President Eisenhower got
plenty of advice on how the fed-
eral government could provide ad-
But for the time being he with-
>.eld comment on both emergency
and long-range relief proposals
advanced. He may set forth his
own views when he concludes his
two-day tour late today at a con-
ference in Wichita, Kan.
To Limit Stockpiles,
Cut Armed Forces,
Ban Nuclear Tests
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (P)-
The United States yesterday pro-
posed international controls of
outer space missiles as -part of a
new five-point disarmament plan
approved and blessed by President
Dwight D. Eisenhower.
U.S. Chief Delegate Henry Cab-
ot Lodge Jr. in a speech to the
United Nations Assembly's Politi-
cal Committee also called for con-
trols on the stockpiling of fission-
able materials, a limit and event-
ual ban on nuclear test explosions,
a reduction of armed forces of the
powers and a watchdog system to
guard 'against surprise attacks.
All of this would be done under
strict and effective internation'al
control and supervision.
Vassily V. Kuznetsov, Soviet
deputy foreign minister, said the
United States plan would be stud-
ied. However, he threw the dis-
armament debate back to the cold
war stage at its hottest by linking
a Moscow plan to a slashing at-
tack on the "Eisenhower doctrine."
Finally, he demanded a special UN
Assembly on disarmament alone,
Kuznetsov accused the Ameri-
cans of colonialism' of trying to
take the place in the Middle East
held by Britain and France and
of interfering in affairs of Arab
After Kuznetsov finished, Lodge,
obviously angered, said the charges
against the Americans came from
"the government which has per-
petrated the blood bath in Hun-
gary . . ." He said the proposals
were made in good faith.
To Be Presented
Midyear graduation ceremonies
will be highlighted by the pre-
sentation of a portrait of Univer-
sity President-emeritus Alexander
G. Ruthven 'to the University.
Regent Roscoe 0. Bonisteel will
present the portrait, which will be
hung in the Alumni Memorial
Hall. Ruthven has been with the
University for fifty years. For-
merly a professor of zoology, he
was President from 1929 to 1951.
Tickets for the graduation must
ht- ninkarl im al +ip r Mchierc nf-
pledged Negroes - those at Cor-
Bogart Succumbs nell and Tufts universities.
After two hours of hearings and
To Cancer Illness deliberations, the Minnesota ju-
diciary postponed its decision until
HOLLYWOOD 'P)--Tough guy a future undetermined date. A sim-
Humphrey Bogart finally gave in ilar meeting, held 45 days ago,
yesterday to the one foe he could was recessed to allow the Sigma
not lick-cancer. Kappa national time to answer a
TH diedar1t his home s t the a~e juici inuinrniv . N reunly vac, va-
orce Ban on Studying
Provision for those who know
English well enough to begin as
half-time students has been made.
Any student with complete profic-
iency in the language may enroll
as a full-time student in regular,
By JAMES BOW ing restrictions varied from sug-
Strict enforcement of the Union l gestions to further enforce the
Board of Directors resolution to resolution to comments on the
control studying in the Union advantages of the Union to stp-
cafeterias and snack bar will go dents who at times found it dif-
into effect immediately after the ; ficult to study elsewhere.
I can see that students do get in
"Let students study in the South
Cafeteria, and restrict studying in
the North Cafeteria and the
Snack Bar at all .times," Sandy