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January 10, 1957 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1957-01-10

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Yl r e

Latest Deadline in the State



See Page 4






-Daily-Ed Graft
DEBATE-Prof. Dow (standing) explains our policy in the Middle-
East from the American viewpoint. Other people participating in
the -IHC debate are Prof. Clark Hopkins on Prof. Dow's left, and.
Profs. Slosson and Schorger on the right.
Prof. Slosson Says Egypt
Desires Israel Extinction
Egypt, according to radio Cairo, desires the total extinction of
Israel, Prof. Preston Slosson of the history department said last night.
Arab leaders do not want to "drive Israel to the sea," but they
do want a satisfactory treaty, Prof. Clark Hopkins of the classical
studies department declared.
"Let us be careful, everyone of us, not to make broad categorical
statements" clearly opposed to each other, Prof. William Dow of the
electrical engineering department pleaded. Both can't be right 'and
we'll .never solve the problem that way, continued Prof. Dow.
The professors participated in a forum, moderated by Prof. Wil-
Ni m rlJJ h5 Uf th ' Mid l Ela..+

City Covered
By Blizzard;
More Today
'U' County Crews
Work Through Night
Between six to eight inches of
snow blanketed Ann Arbor yester-
day and early this morning with
the forecast for today offering no
The weather today is expected
to be cloudy and colder, with snow
flurries likely this afternoon. High
today is expected to be about 25
according to the Willow Run
Ann Arbor's biggest snowfall of
the season had University main-
tenance crews working since 7
p.m. yesterday.
As snow slowedlraffic in Wash-
tenaw County to a crawl in, many
places the County Road Commis-
said they are using six salt trucks,
eight hydro-scrapers and as many
plows as they could man to clear
the snow. Working through the
night, they are using ninety men
on a two shift basis until the
roads are clear.
Corporal George Burnette of
the Michigan State Police termed
driving conditions "hazardous."
At eleven last night the State
Police reported four accidents.
Because of the snow, Ann Arbor
police reported several complaints
of cars blocking driveways.
Snow covered widespread sec-
tions of the nation as cold air
moved from the Rockie into the
central plains and eastern states.
The weatherman estimated that
the Ann Arbor snowfall for the
period extending through Monday
would top ten inches. Only Florida
is expected to report higher tem-
Bad weather yesterday was held
responsible for 17 accidents in-
volving 34 cars on Detroit's ex-
pressways. Detroit police termed
the pile-ups among the worst in
the history of the expressways.
Student 'Cuts'
Tit New High
Attendance in the English de-
partment reached a low, of 30 per
cent of normal on the Saturday
before Christmas vacation.
Walter Robertson, assistant dean
of the literary college, cited the
figures as being representative of
literary college generally. He re-
ceived returns 'from surveys of
classroom attendance taken before
and after the. vacation.'
Next lowest figure was a drop to
'70 per cent of normal on the Fri-
day before vacation, 66 per cent
as compared with an ordinary
Friday attendance of 94 per cent.
The return to classes was almost
as fast as the departure, however.
The first day of the new year saw
a drop to 89 per cent of normal,
from 90 per cent attendance on
Thursdays generally to 80 per cent.
The low figure on Saturday rep-
resented a drop to 28 per cent
from a reported norm of 93 per

Democrat Middle East
P..lan Not Goodh-Dulles
WASHINGTON (A"P-Secretary of State John Foster ulles said
yesterday the proposed Democratic substitute for the administration's
Middle East program wouldn't do the job.
He said it would fail to grant President Dwight D. Eisenhower
"any authority" for the use of armed forces to protect a Middle East-
ern state against Communist armed attack.
Sec. Dulles made a seven-point assault on the "short-term" res-
olution which was passed along by House Speaker Samuel Rayburn
(D-'Tex) as the work of a prominent Democrat Rayburn would not
'Quick-Change Artist'

The secretary's criticism came


Consider Butler
Likely Successor
MacMillan, Sandys Mentioned
As Dark Horses for. Vacated Post
LONDON {.-Sir Anthony Eden, choking back tears, re-
signed yesterday as Prime Minister with the explanation his
health prevented his continuing.
Richard Austen Butler, Conservative party leader in the
House of Commons, seemed to most politicians to be Eden's
likely successor.
The leader of the opposition Labor party, Hugh Gaitskell,
called for a general election "because the whole Cabinet has
publicly identified themselves completely with the foreign
policy pursued . . . in the last three months."
Three Years To Go
But Conservatives won their last election in May 1955 and
have three years to go before another is necessary.
But as the majority party they could call one at any time
they desired, or political developments could force them into
Eden, 59, stepped down while the repercussions still were
sounding from the ill-starred invasion of Egypt he author-
izd in October. '-


SGC Names,
Beginning of. preparations for
the tenth National Students Asso-
ciation Congress, to be held here
in August, could be seen in com-
mittee apl~intments made at
yesterday's Student 'Government
Council meeting.
SGC named President Bill
,Adams, '57BAd, Anne Woodard,
'57, and LeAnne Toy, '59, to serve
with Vice-President for Student
Affairs James A. Lewis, James D.
Shortt, managing supervisor of
University Relations Field Serv-
ices, Leonard A. Schaadt, Resi-
dence Halls business manager.
and;, one member of the National
Students' Association as an advis-
ory committee to the NSA Con-
David Grupe, '57E, was nomi-
nated for the position of Congress
/coordinator. The appointment
must be made by NSA.
Other appointments named'
Adams and Vice-President Joe
Collins, '58, to the University Com-
mittee on Lectures. These appoint-
ments are invitational and the
students have no vote.
Treasurer Lew Engman, '57, was
named to the Loan Committee.
Robert Anderson, '57, has been
appointed editor of the next edi-
tion of the "M" Handbook.
''To Host
Music Group
The 12th annual Midwestern
Conference on School Vocal and
Instrumental Music will be held
at the University tomorrow and
Featured in the conference will
be a concert given by the Michigan
Singers, under the direction of
Prof. Maynard Klein; the Univer-
sity Symphony Band, directed by
Prof. William D. Revelli; and the
University Symphony Orchestra,
directed by Prof. Josef Blatt.
The conference is being. given
under the auspices of the School
of Music and the Extension Serv-
Gala Presents
k "emun'e


!ma cnorger of Le' xaae as,
department, before a group of ap-
proximately 125 people, a great
many of whom were foreign stu-
dents. The debate was sponsored
by Inter-House Council.
Prof. Hopkins suggested that
the best way to solve the mid-
eastern problem was to establish
a bi-partite state in Palestine, run
by both Arabs and Jews. .
Prof. Slosson indicated the UN
should "maintain real force in
that part of the world," and re-
main until a satisfactory treaty
had been reached.
Prof. Dow explained American
policy in the middle-east is deter-
mined by self-interest and is "not
a moral problem."
The eight year old state with a
"liberal and democratic" form of
government, has shown more pro-
gress than any other eight cen-
turies of that countries' history,
Prof. Slosson declared. "The
country deserves to exist," he
Prof. Hopkins pointed out the
extreme economic difficulties of
the Arab states and mistreatment
they have received at the hands
of. imperialist countries.
Although impressed in a visit
to Tel Aviv in the 1930's by the
vast economic improvements the
Jew had wrought, Prof. Hopkins
had been disturbed when he no-
ticed the street signs were in He-
brew. "All communication be-
tween Jews and Arabs was cut off.
"What Arabs needed - doctors,
engineers, scientists, everything
the Jew had - and the Jews shut
the door in their face," he said.

By The Associated Press
State of the Union .. .
Dwight D. Eisenhower and his
Cabinet yesterday reviewed the
contents of his State of the Union
message, which he'll deliver in
person to Congress today, and the
budget message which goes to Cap-
itol Hill next week.
This session capped stepped-up
preparations for laying the ad-
ministration's 1957. program be-
fore Congress, and for inaugurat-
ing President Eisenhower for a
second four-year term.1
* * *
Filibuster . ..
WASHINGTON - The Senate's
Democratic and Republican lead-
ers joined forces yesterday to offer
a "middle ground" method of
curbing filibusters, the legislative
Sen. Lyndon Johnson (D-Tex),
the Democratic chief, announced
he woud cosponisor a resolution
drafted by Sen., William Knowland
(R-Calif), his GOP opposite num-
ber, to halt filibusters by a two-
thirds vote of those senators pres-
ent and voting.
* * *
Georgia and Buses .. .
ATLANTA, Ga. - Gov. Marvin
Griffin yesterday put the state
militia on a standby basis shortly
after six Negro ministers launched
an organized attack on segregated
seating on Atlanta city buses.
Gov. Griffin told a hastily called
news conference he was instructing
the adjuant general of Georgia to
hold his forces ready to put down
any "riots, insurrection and
breaches of the peace" at a mo-
ment's notice.
* * *
Soviet Bitterness.
United States disregarded, mount-
ing Soviet bitternessyesterday and
demanded creation of a special
United Nations committee to seek
out the truth on the Hungarian
The Soviet Union blasted the
United States for what it called
continued efforts to sow strife in
Hungary and criticized Secretary
General Dag Hammarskjold for
allegedly taking sides with the

shortly after Sen. W. Kerr Scott
(D-NC) told the Senate that Sec.
Dulles-whom Scott described as
the champion quick-change artist
when it comes to diplomacy"-
should resign in thg interests of
national security.
"If the President expects to keep
his country on an even keel in
oreign affairs," Scott said, "then
he must have a secretary of state
who generates confidence instead
>f confusion."
Scott linked his criticism to
President Dwight, D. Eisenhower's
roposal pushed by Sec. Dulles,
hat Congress authorize the Presi-
dent to use American armed forces
if necessary to block Communist
aggression in the Middle East.
Independence and Integrity
The substitute proposal routed
via Rayburn would say this in-
stead :
"The United States regards as
vital to her interest the preserva-
ion of the independence and in-
egrity of the statesof the Middle
East and, if necessary, will use
her armed forces to that end."
Sec. Dulles testified; before the
House Foreign Affairs: Committee.
Some information on his testi-
nony was given out immediately
Sec. Dulles' points are:
The Democratic proposal "could
be interpreted" as designed to
establish a United States "pro-
tectorate" over the Middle East
without regard to the wishes of
the countries themselves "and as
such it might well be resented in
the area."
Chairman Thomas Gordon (D-
[11) of the House committee quoted
Sec. Dulles as saying on ,this point
that the -resolution would be "bit-
terly resented" by the Middle
Eastern states.
'Not Limit'
The Democratic r e s o l u t i o n
'would not limit" the use of
United States forces in the Mid-
dle East to "defense against armed
attack, which under Article 51 of
bhe United Nations Charter is the
basis for collective self-defense."
The resolution "seems to call
for United States armed action to
preserve the integrity of all the
Middle East states not merely
against a Communist attack but
against any external attack."
Sec. Dulles said this raised the
question of the conformity of such
action with United States obliga-
tions under the United Nations
Charter and the interpretation of
the Charter adopted by the United
States last fall at the United Na-

Falls State Police began drag-
ging the river yesterday in the
chance of finding the bddy of
Erdogan_C. Altay, '58E, missing
since Monday and considered a
possible suicide by Ann Arbor
police. Altay's automobile was
found abandoned Tuesday near
the falls by the Niagara police,
with what they termed a suicide
note inside. The search for Altay
has so far proved fruitless.
'57 Budget
The 1957 session of the Michi-
gan Legislature, which will soon
consider a total University budget
request of more than $55,000,000,
opened yesterday.
The University's requests are
now being studied by' the state
budget office in Lansing. Accord-
ing, to Vice-President for Financial
Affairs Wilbur K. Pierpont, the
budget office -will hold hearings
shortly, with a report expected in
two or three weeks.
The budget will then be studied
by the legislature's finance and
appropriations committees before
final approval by the legislature
Initial requests of the University
include a general operating budget
of $34,121,458, a capital outlays
request of $15,237,000 for educa-
tional facilities and $4,000,000 for
hospital facilities, $384,000 for
operations of the Flint branch and
$1,550,000 for five special research
Plans Crash
'Kills TU' Grad
United States Air Force Lt."
Robert E. McMillin, '55, 22 years
old, died Monday in a plane- crash
near Greenville, Miss.
An instructor and a student in!
the second plane were injured.
While he was at the University,
McMillin belonged to the Air Force
ROTC unit and was a member of
Alpha Tau Omega social frater-
nity. He was married and had a

He resigned with "utmost
regret," saying:
"I do not feel that it is
right for me to continue in of-
fice . . . knowing that I shall
be unable to do my full duty."
To Take Office Today
The new prime minister is ex-
pected to take office today.
Butler, 54, is a cool, intellectual
type who has spent most of his
career as a quiet theorist in poi-
Both he and Harold MacMillan,
another possibility for the job, are
short on what is known as "the
common touch." But so was Eden.
MacMillan, 62, is Chancellor of
the Exchequer -- boss of the na-
tion's austerity program.
There still was a chance that a
dark, horse might emerge for the
job, and among those mentioned
in this category was Duncan San-
dys, Sir Winston Churchill's son-
Eden succeeded Churchill in
April 1955.
"Never to Apologize"
The dominant party in the
House "of Commons forms Brit-
ain's government. It normally
designates the Prime Minister,
subject to the approval of the
sovereign, in this case Queen Eliz-
abeth II to whom Eden submitted
his resignation.
Eden, to the end, stuck by his
determination "never to apolo-
gize" for the invasion of Egypt -
a venture that split Britain and'
imperiled this country's relations
with the United States.
In a farewell statement, he said
"When I returned to this coun-
try a month ago from a three
weeks rest in Jamaica I hoped
that my health had been suffi-

Briton Says
Laborite Win
Hughes Calls". Election
Doubtful at Present
If general elections were to be
held now in Britain, it is doubtful
whether the Labor party would
win, a British visiting lecturer in
political science declared/ last
Edward Hughes, from Kings
College, Newcastle upon Tyne, said
although many "quite respectable"
British newspapers have been
highly critical of Sir Anthony Ed-
en's Suez action, "the man in the
street doesn't feel morally guilty
about it. I rather suspect his feel-
ing would be 'Well, we probably
made a mistake, but not a bad
However, Prof. Lionel Laing, also
of the political science depart-
ment, said, "In view of the gen-
eral standing of the Conservatives
at the moment, they probably
would lose" if a general election
was called.
New Elections Doubtful
Both men doubted Laborite
Hugh Gaitskell's demand for elec-
tions would meet with success.
"The form has been that, within
a reasonable time, the new Prime
Minister will want to submit to a
vote. But the Conservatives will
probably try to delay it as long as
possible," Prof. Laing 'said.
"My guess would be they will
try to ride the storm and not hold
a vote until they feel some of the
crisis has blown over," Hughes
said. "Perhaps, when the effects
of rationing are felt, there may be
a change."
The two likeliest candidates ,to
replace Eden are Chancellor of the
Exchequer Harold MacMillan and
House of Commons party leader
Richard Butler.
"Butler is probably the best bet,"
Hughes asserted. "He managed to
survive all the trouble under
Chamberlain and really organized
what rethinking there was in the
Conservative party after the war.
He was the first one to say that
his party had to accept the things
the Laborites had done. There's
no doubt that he's an able man,
although lacking popular appeal."
MacMillan Strong
Prof. Laing commented, "Mac-
Millan occupies the key cabinet
post and is obviously a strong
candidate, though a few years ago,



Lions Assemby's emergency session. daughter.

New 'U' Calendar Result of Two

Years' Work

(Editor's Note: This is the first in
a series of articles on the Univer-
sity calendar. Today's article ex-
plains the origin of the present cal-
endar and the work of the calendar-
ing committee, 1953-55.)
Last September a new, revised
University calendar was, put in
operation, the result of two years
of istudy and compromise among
student, faculty and administra-
tion groups.
This revised calendar, now in
its first year, represents no major
change, but a numoer of adjust-
ments in what has been the tradi-

sent the first time the calendar,
has been studied by committee in'
recent years.
The arrangement of the calen-
dar from year to year is an auto-
matic function governed by the
requisite number of class days,
the examination period and the
standard Thanksgiving, Christmas
and spring vacations.
But the Thursday-Friday-Sat-
urday Thanksgiving vacation was
not a reality on this campus five
years ago, and it was student con-
cern over this that began the
series of events leading up to the
recent calendar revision.

This in turn led to the petition- equalizing the spring and fall Under the Crary Plan, school
ing of the University for revision terms. would begin the last week in Aug-
of the calendar on behalf of the Students wanted to. keep the ust and the first semester would
University community. pre-examination study period, and be completed by Christmas.
In 1953, Assistant to the Presi- the one day the committee felt This plan, however, met. strong
dent Erich A. Walter was named should be granted, Walter ex- opposition from faculty members
chairman of a committee to revise plained, was the' compromise with who taught in the summer and
the calendar. The committee in- a s t u d e n t-advocated five-day wanted a few weeks off to be with
cluded student, faculty and ad-. "dead period." their families and from students
ministration representatives. To make up for the Thanks;giv- whose summer work contracts ex-
'Quarter'eing holiday beginning on a Thurs- tended to Labor Day.
The first question facing the day, classes were rescheduled to -
committee, Walter explained yes- Plan Rejected
terday, was whether to continue begin on a Thursday at thebyin- Another plan, which would have
with the traditional two-semester Wing on the Tuesday-Thursday- started school just one week earlier
calendar or consider the "quarter" Saturday sequence as fairly as the in September, was also eected
plan. - ..1._._ . . . . . IMonday - Wednesday - Friday se- the same reasons.

a Tory steps down.

ciently restored to enable me to
carry out my duties effectively
for some considerable time. That
hope has not been realized.
"Cause for Anxiety".
"I have therefore decided with

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