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"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
THURSDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: TAMMY MORRISON
The Myopuic Mr. Nehru:
For Virtue, Against Sin
NDIA'S Jawaharlal Nehru's Tuesday night States ideals. But in merely considering the
address to the American people indicated dangers of communist activities in India,
that he is one of the most mixed-up, if not my- Nehru is neglecting communist authoritarian-
opic, statesmen in the world. ism in other parts of the world.
Commenting on the recent events in Hun- The United States cannot see, and rightfully
gary and Egypt the distinguished Prime Min- so, how the Indian Prime Minister can con-
ister said, "Our deeply felt sympathies go out sider as irrelevant Soviet expansion in Central
to those who have suffered or are suffering, Asia and domination of Hungary, Poland and
and all of us must do our utmost to help them the other satellites.
and to assist in solving these problems in a
peaceful and constructive way." R. NEHRU often justifies the Indian posi-
Backtracking. then, to explain that "each tion by saying morality has no place in
country has not only the right to freedom, but rtion by ais.mosait no plde in
als todecde ts wn oliy ad wy o lie," international affairs. Is it not under moral
also to decide its own policy and way of life" standards that he justifies his intense hatred
he stated India's stand of "non-aggression and of colonialism? How can he hold such con-
non-interference In the affairs of other coun- victions on Hungary, a country different only
tries and belief in peaceful co-existence.' in degree from his own India when she was
HESE two statements point up Mr. Nehru's under the British yoke?
inconsistent outlook on world affairs. Neu- In view of these questions, we would like a
tralism (and its many official United States' reasonable explanation of the Indian fence-
jefinitions) aside, India and its Prime Minis- sitting policy. Mr. Nehru does not need to re-
ter are too concerned with past happenings and iterate that he is for virtue and against sin.
not concerned enough about what is happen- We know it.
ing now and what may happen in the future. The question is what will India do toward
India, in recognizing the dangers of imper- achieving virtue and freedom in the world'
ialism, colonialism and oppression of non-white -RICHARD SNYDER
peoples, is partially in accord with United Editor
ungry Out bestd
SFOR YiF ERI~SON~
WHO HAS I"
#u_ s ~ 1
r 4ti A 4,
AT HILL AUDITORIUM:
Sung With Spirit
THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN CHOIR gave Bach's Magnificat
an exhilarated reading last night. There was a consistently volum-
inous tonal quality that was, in sound, thick and solid; the musical
~ -t4.~ ASM'f: ;=-POE
BSecretly a Softie
By JACK ANDERS@N
THE LATEST REPORTS received from Hun-
gary indicate that the last remnants of re-
sistance are being effectively and mercilessly
squashed by Soviet troops. The Hungarian
people's bid for freedom seems at an end. And
what has the free world done to aid these
people? Practically nothing.
The UN has morally condemned Russia, and
caused the Soviets to lose much prestige, but
this has not helped the Hungarian people, this
has not relieved their suffering.
On one hand, Radio Free Europe has re-
peatedly urged people in satellite countries to
break away from their Red masters. But when
a nation has finally done this what has hap-
The foreign ministers of the NATO nations
have issued a monumental statement telling
the Russians that they have nothing to fear,
the western world will not interfere with Red
butchering. This is not democracy in action. It
merely hypocritical verbiage.
THE NAKED FACT is that the west, including
its leader, the United States, has sold out the
people of Hungary as was done in Munich in
1938. The names are different, the dictators are
different, but the situation is much the same.
How many more innocent people must be
killed before we will learn that no dictator can
The West stood mutely by while the last ra-
dio station in Hungary begged and implored us
to send aid; if not troops, at least arms and am-
munition so that they couldkeepupthe fight.
And we sent words. They asked the UN for aid,
the same UN which had senttroops to Korea
and now into the Suez, and they sent words.
Perhaps it is now too late. Our Voice of
America broadcasts will be looked upon with
scorn for the hypocrisy they utter. And Rus-
sia had gained another triumph over the West.
But, one wonders, how the members of the
free world will look at themselves in the morn-
ing knowing that during the night they be-
trayed the very principles they swore to defend
even with their lives.
REW PEARSON, who digs into
the secret lives of others, has
kept his own big secret from the
public. His fans would never sus-
pect from his hard-hitting column,
his angry voice on radio, his fights
with Washington officialdom, that
he is secretly a softie.
He's the kind of softie who'll be
embarrassed over this column, yet
softie enough not to fire me for
Drew usually ends up feeling
sorry for those he exposes. His
stories helped convict tax-fixer
Henry Grunewald; but he started
writing sympathetic stories after
a tearful appeal from Grunewald's
daughter. Drew also helped send
influence-peddler John Maragon
to jail, then wrote a letter in his
behalf to the parole board and
helped get him a job after his
Once Drew revealed that a Pen-
tagon employee, Charles Dillon,
secretly recorded a conversation
with NBC executive Frank Mc-
Call. The defense department de-
cided to fire Dillon for his bad
manners. Drew anxiously phoned
then-deputy secretary Steve Early
and talked him out of such drastic
* * *
ONLY A FEW inmates know how
Drew got Cardinal Stepinac out
of a Yugoslav jail. Drew persuaded
the Yugoslav ambassador here
that freeing Stepinac would im-
prove American-Yugoslav rela-
tions. In return for the Cardinal's
release, Drew offered to print any
statement Marshal Tito cared to
Upon the Ambassador's recom-
mendation, Tito accepted the deal
and let Stepinac go. The Yugoslav
leader explained his action in a
letter that Drew duly published.
It was so lengthy, however, that
several newspapers cut it. Re-
sult: Tito raised Cain, accused
Drew of bad faith.
Drew tried to make the same
deal with Czechoslovakian Am-
bassador for AP correspondent Bill
Oatis's freedom, but the Czech
government finally turned it
down. Neither Oatis nor the AP
ever knew what Drew tried to
Most people have also forgotten
how Drew discovered the man who
drugged Cardinal Mindszenty, Dr.
Emil Weil, serving right here in
Washington as Hungarian minis-
ter. Dr. Weil had helped torture
Mindszenty by administering a
drug during his Budapest trial.
Drew promptly made it so hot for
Weil that he was recalled.
* * *
DRYEW HAS been beaned by as
many brickbats as he has hurled.
Perhaps because of his Quaker
upbringing, he has a remarkable
ability to shrug off abuse and turn
the other cheek.
Walter Winchell recently print-
ed a wild, vicious attack on Drew.
Friends urged him to sue for libel,
or at least to slash back. Drew's
reply over the microphone was
characteristic: "Many years ago
Walter did a lot of helpful things
for me, and I'd rather remember
those things than his more recent
'orchids.' My only answer is to
suggest that you tune in on his
new TV program Friday night.
Give his rating a boost."
Drew may be a secret softie, but
don't get the idea he lacks guts.
During the 1952 campaign word
leaked to Vice-Presidential candi-
date Nixon that Drew was prepar-
ing to blast him. A Nixon aide
phoned me and warned that Nixon
would retaliate with a McCarthy-
style attack on Drew. I relayed
the message to the boss; I still re-
member his exact words.
"Okay, I'll change my story
about Nixon," he said. "I'll make
* * *
NOTHING distresses Drew more
than attacks on his veracity. He
is is the first to admit that he
makes mistakes. , But the best
newsmen occasionally are misin-
formed by their sources, and the
most respected papers have pulled
Even Time Magazine, which re-
cently sneered at Drew's 1956
predictions, has been wrong. (Ex-
ample: Time forecast the week
before election that the. Republi-
cans would win the House.) Actu-
ally Drew has done better than
most political prophets. One pre-
diction that Time derided came
true right after the Time article
went to press-namely, that "Sir
Anthony Eden, whose health is
worse than the public realizes,
will take a much less active part
in the British Government.
No less than White House
spokesman Jim Hagerty, who has
often tangled with Drew in pub-
lic, has apologized to him in pri-
vate. Twice Jim was man enough
to telephone and admit he had
been wrong in denouncing Pear-
(Copyright 1956 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
outlineswere written largely both
vature; and the movement forwardv
Thus the rhapsodic, fantasia-like
passages (the opening "Magnifi-
cat," the closing "Gloria") were
festive and gay. In like manner,
the more plaintive "Et misericor-
dia" was handled very expressive-
The orchestra was excellent, with
high honors going to the flutists
and the three continuo players.
The trumpeters were magnificent
despite their few flaws. The solo-
ists acquitted themselves honor-
ably, though in all instances, the
florid, melismatic passages were
* * *
THE PERFORMANCE, however,
was not without crucial flaws. All
of these flaws. I believe, can be
traced to a central fault. The choir
seems not to try to listen to them-
selves, especially the other sections.
The size of the group is under-
standably gigantic. Without spe-
cial care, everybody singing at will,
there cannot be a genuine pianis-
simo passage. Naturally some
portions will be quieter than others
by comparison, especially in the
slower movements. But in the
faster choruses, the dynamic range
loses any sense of subtle grada-
In this respect, the soprano
sections offended grossly. Listen-
ing at thehmiddle-front of the top
balcony, the soprano choir seemed
to be an independent entity di-
vorced from the rest of the chorus.
It seemed to move at will, heeding
its own excitable nature, drown-
ing out the rest of the chorus even
in non-climactic passages. In a
forced, fortissimo, it acquired a
hard, shrill quality, hysterical and
The other fault is related to
this and probably cannot be over-
come, barring a reduction of the
size of the group. The fugal pas-
sages and the thickly counter-
pointed passages were muddy. The
entrances of the various voices
were thumped out obviously, but
under the onslaught of the so-
prano breaths, everything had the
tendency to undergo a blast fur-
* * *
THE PROGRAM opened with a
musical bauble, a Christmas carol
melody to the words of the Holy
Mass, written by M. Charpentier.
It is cute and pretty, with pleasant.
orchestral passages - but as often
as not, the tunes seemed in con-
gruous to the words of the liturgy,
especially in terms of the cadence
of the Latin. The chorus sang
with loud affection, and the orch-
estra was brave but inaudible ex-
cept as an undertow.
Swiftly Moving .. *
To the Editor:
ON December 28 many Ameri-
cans will, no doubt, observe the
hundredth birthday anniversary
of Woodrow Wilson, twenty-eighth
president of the United States,
whose famous Fourteen Point
Peace Program shortened World
War I and prepared the way for
the League of Nations, man's first
-major step toward establishing
political foundations for world
peace and justice.
When paying tribute to Wood-
row Wilson, it is interesting to
note that Baha'u'llahmFounder of
the Baha'i World Faith, while a
Turkish prisoner in 'Akka, Pales-
tine, some 80 years ago, foretold
the time "when the imperative ne-
cessity for holding of a vast, all-
embracing assemblage of men wil,
be universally realized. The rulers
and kings of the earth must needs
attend it, and participating in its
deliberations, must consider such
ways and means as will lay the
foundations of the World's Great
Peace among men . . . Should any
king take up arms against anoth-
er. all should unitedly arise and
This theme of collective security
for the world was elaborated on by
his son and appointed interpreter,
'Abdul'Baha, while he traveled the
length and breadth of America in
1912 to promulgate the principles
of universal peace. He predicted
that the foundations of interna-
tional peace and justice would be
established within this century
and repeatedly observed that Am-
erica has the capacity to take a
vigorous lead in this endeavor.
It is no wonder that Baha'is, not
only in America, but in some 250
countries and territories, regard
as matchless the position which
Woodrow Wilson achieved in the
history of this age and honor him
In counterpoint and melodic cur-
was enthusiastic and propulsive.
The Daly Official Bulletin is an of-
ficial publication of the University of
Michigan for which the Michigan Daily
assumes no editorial responsibility. No-
tices should be sent in TYPEWRITTEN
form to Room 3553 Administration
Building before 2 p.m. the day preced-
ing publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
THURSDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1956
VOL. LXVII, NO. 73
Plans for Midyear Graduation Exer-
cises, Saturday, Jan. 26, 1957, 2:00 p.m.
Time of Assembly - 1:00 p.m. (except
Places of Assembly:
Members of the Faculties at 1:15 pm.
in Room 2054, second floor, Natural
Science Building, where they may robe.
Regents, Ex-Regents, Deans and oth-
er Administrative Officials at 1:15 p.m.
in the Botany Seminar Room 1139,
Natural Science Building, where they
Students of the various schools and
colleges in Natural Science Building as
Section A - Literature, Science and
the Arts - front part of auditorium,
west section. Education - front part
of auditorium, center section. Busi-
ness Administration - front part of
auditorium, east section.
Section B - Graduate - rear part
of auditorium with doctors at west end.
Section C - Engineering - Rooms
2071 and 2082. Architecture - Room
2033. Law - Room 2033 (behird Arch.)
Pharmacy - Room 2033 (behnd Law.)
Dental - Room 2033 (behind Pharma
cy), Natural Resources - Room 2004.
Music - Room 2004 (behind. Natural
Res.) Public Health - Room 2004 (be-
hind Music) Social work - Room 2004
(behind Public Health.)
March into Hill Auditorium - 1:40
p.m. Academic Dress.
Regent's Meeting: Fri., Jan. 25. Com-
munications for consideration at this
meeting must be in the President's
hands not later than Jan. 16.
Students, All Schools and Colleges.
The Office of Registration urges that
all students who have applied for or
expect to apply for work with either the
coming Orientation program or the
Registration program secure approval
of new course elections as soon as the
school or college will allow. This action
will be to your advantage and that of
the Counselling Orientation and Regis-
General Library will observe the fol-
lowing schedule during the holiday
Open: Sat., Dec. 22, 8:00 a.m.-12 noon.
Wed., Fri., Dec. 26-28, 8:00 a.m.-6:00
Mon., Dec., 31, Wed., Jan. 2, 8:00 a.m..
Closed: Noon, Sat., Dec. 22-Tues., Dec.
Sat., Dec. 29, Sun., Dec. 30, Tues.,
Beginning on Wed., Dec. 26, the Di-
visional Libraries will be open on short-
ened vacation schedules on the days
that the General Library is- open. Medi-
cal Library hours, however, will vary
but slightly from. those of the regular
Schedules will be posted on the door
of each individual library. Informa-
tion as to hours of opening may be ob-
taed by calling University Ext. 652.
Engineering Research Institute an-
nounces that five fellowships will be
available for the spring semester, 1957.
Candidates must have been employed
in the Institute for a period totaling at
least one year on a half-time basis. The
stipend will be $1000.00 per semester.
Application for renewals must also be
made at this time. Applications are
available at the Office of the Graduate
school and must be returned to the
Office by 4:00 p.m., Jan. 7, 1957.
Research Seminar of the Mental
Health Research Institute. Dr. Russell
L. DeValois, Vision Research Labora-
tory, will speak on "Sensitivity to Elec-
trical Stimulation of the Eye" on Dec.
20, 1:30-3:30 p.m., Conference Room,
401 Interdisciplinary Seminar on the
Application of Mathematics to Social
Science, Room 3401 Mason Hall, 3:00-
4:30 p.m. Dec. 20, Donald Davidson
(Stanford Univ.), "Stochastic Modifi-
cations for Decision Theory." Dec. 27,
(Christmas Vacation), Jan. 3, John At-
kinson, "Behavior In Competitive Ach-
Doctoral Examination for Hans Ralph
Menkes, Aeronautical Engineering; the-
sis: "A Theoretical and Experimental
Investigation of Laminar Flame Propa-
gation". Thurs., Dec. 20, East Council
Roomat 2:00 p.m. Co-chairmen, A. M.
Kuethe and M. S. Uberoi.
Doctoral Examination for Morton
Peter Moyle, Chemical Engineering;
thesis: "The Effect of Temperature on
the Detonation Characteristics of Hy-
drogen -Oxygen Mixtures", Thurs., Dee.
20, 3201 East Engineering Building, at
3:00 p.m. Chairman, S. W. Churchill.
Doctoral Examination for John Henry
Waddell, III, Astronomy; thesis: "An
Empirical Determination of the Tur-
bulence Field in the Solar Photosphere
Based on a Study of weak Fraunhofer
Lines," Thurs., Dec. 20. at 2:00 p.m.
Dulles' Statement nept
SECRETARY of State John Foster Dulles this
week offered Russia assurance that the
United States would oppose converting Eastern
European satellites into a ring of hostile na-
tions surrounding the Soviet Union.
He said that the Eisenhower administration
does not wish to capitalize on the present tur-
moil in the Russian Empire in this way, but
desires only to see an orderly evolution of ef-
forts by the satellite governments to gain more
freedom from Soviet domination.
If the word "hostile" is -given any but the
strictest literal interpretation, Dulles' state-
ment is incompatible with previous American
The United States has consistently been op-
posed to Russian influence in any degree in
any nation, and very wary of those which ap-
pear to cultivate close Soviet relations and
ACASE in point is Yugoslavia. As long as
Marshall Tito was unfriendly to Russia, we
were happy. As soon, however, as he appeared
to be straying back into the Soviet camp, our
relations with Yugoslavia came under a heavy
strain and a serious re-evaluation.
The United States is adamantly opposed to
Communism, particularly the Russian brand.
Why, then, should we not wish to capitalize
on unrest among the satellites, as Dulles avers?
Any situation which tends to weaken or destroy
Russian influence should have American sup-
port. There is no cogent reason why we should
offer the Reds any assurances to the contrary.
If the intent behind Dulles' statement was
to encourage the Soviet Union to grant more
freedom to its satellites, Dulles can be given
credit for good intentions but nothing more.
THAT IT could possibly have any such effect
is indeed remote. Far more likely is that it
will have the opposite effect-that of assuring
Russia that she is free to tighten control on her
empire without fear of serious threat from the
More than this, the Dulles "friendly reassur-
ance" to Moscow could only be disheartening
discouragement to those Russian slave states
which have already attempted rebellion, which
we are and have been trying to help and en-
courage, and to anti-Russian. anti-Communist
revolutionary elements in the other satellite
Dulles' declaration was inept, ill-timed, and
in poor judgment. It served only to weaken the
United States' position.
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Srponftict ither tin
Cooperation On New Housing
PLANNING for the New North Campus dor-
mitory has gotten off to a good start.
Both business and education staffs as well
as the administration claim to be interested
in student suggestions for construction. This
takes on even greater import, as the North
Campus dorm will be the University's first at-
tempt at a planned unit where men and wo-
men will share many facilities.
In fact, the decision to construct the unit
with certain co-ed facilities was in accord with
Vice-President Lewis set the tenor for the
Residence Halls Board of Governor's meeting
Wednesday when he explained "all of us are
interested in making the best use of the new
Of course, student suggestions must be com-
patible with the interests of the administration
as well as the business staff. Some recommen-
dations will seem unreasonable to the admin-
istration .and certainlv n t will nlv a maior
lished. through various committes and an at-
mosphere of cooperation nurtured, care must
be taken to make the best use of it.
Apparently, the Inter-House Council and
Assembly committee were planning initially
with a unit for 1200 students in mind - un-
sure just what administrative plans were in
this area. Many thought that two separate units
of 1200 each were being considered.
Inter-House Council and Assembly had been
working on a plan to present to the Board of
Governors Wednesday, concerning administra-
tion of the new dorm. On short notice, they
were informed that the architect was waiting
for preliminary suggestions, and suddenly the
group had to throw together "a most prelim-
inary" report. Often hasty action is worse than
no action at all but should be avoided in the
By WALTER LIPPMANN
ALL THE evidence available here
seems to agree with the report
that there is sharp conflict inside
the Kremlin. What we do not
know as yet is how far the issues
of this conflict involve the regime
within the Soviet Union itself.
But we can be sure they do in-
volve directly and immediately
the basis of the foreign policy of
the Soviet Union.
First Poland and then Hungary
have demonstrated beyond all
possible doubt that in Eastern
Europe there may be satellite gov-
ernments but there are no satellite
nations. More than that, the
Soviet Union is now faced with the
fact that the East European
armies, far from being a military
asset, are grave liabilities. As a
result, the whole strategic position
in Eastern Europe is undermined,
and by way of being turned over.
The lands lying between the line
of the Iron Curtain on the West
and the Soviet frontier in the East,
between the Baltic on the north
and the Balkans on the south,
have been looked upon as vigil
parts of the Soviet military sys-
tem. They are no longer that.
They are danger spots within that
system. This is a strategic upset
of the first order which is bound
to have profounds effects on the
rope, which Stalin incorporated
into his empire, can be prevented
from becoming implacably hostile.
It must be evident to the con-
tending faction in the Kremlin
that in this region of Europe the
nations are opposed to the Soviet
presence, and that the military
occupation is bound to run into
increasing popular resistance.
There is an old Stalinist faction
which has been dominant in the
Hungarian crisis. It musttbe argu-
ing, we may suppose, that the
Soviet position in Europe will be
lost without a stern totalitarian
use of military force.
THERE MUST be also, we must
suppose, a younger and more
moderate faction who argue that
Stalinism will not work. They
must be arguing that the vital
interests of Soviet security can
now best be protected by making
settlements on the principle of
There arenow several interest-
ing and important precedents for
settlements of this kind. There
is the example of Austria, which
is a neutralized national state.
There is the example of Finland,
which is a free country within
the Soviet military system. There
is Yugoslavia, which is an inue-
pendent national state, but avow-
Germany, to Czechoslovakia and
to Romania by Soviet consent and
under Soviet auspices, the fires
which are still smoldering in Hun-
gary will burst into a flame and
* * *
IT IS THE American interest,
and it is the interest of the
Western world, that the liberation
of Eastern Europe should be
achieved not by an explosion but,
by negotiated settlement. This is
the considered view of the Admin-
istration. It is the considered view
of the NATO powers.
The great question is whether it
is now too late for a rational and
orderly solution of the East Euro-
pean problem. Much blood has
been spilled. Fierce hatreds have
been aroused. It would be hard
to make such settlements now if
the Kremlin were decided to make
them. The Kremlin appears to be
divided and undecided.
There ai'e two things which we
can do which may help. One is to
keep making it clear that we
hope for peaceably negotiated
settlements between the Soviet
Union and all its East 1uropean
neighbors. The other is to keep
alive and in the field of open pub-
lic discussion all over the world
the idea of a general settlement in
which NATO would enter - a