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December 18, 1956 - Image 4

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,'

cl4 £ic14au Uadj
Sixty-Seventh Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

"I'd Like To See Some Overalls"y

"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
TUESDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: DONNA HANSON
Eisenhower-Nehru Talks
Underline. Red China Question
THE GHOST of a long-standing American ing things over with Christian Pineau, or that
mistake will be hovering over part of the we determine our policy toward France after
Eisenhower-Nehru talks this week. conferences with Anthony Eden is facetious.
The hopeful prediction that the problem of Why, then, should the President be expected to
Thehpeu rdtinha hprbm f
Communist China might be partially solved learn a great deal from Mr. Nehru because of a
simple visit of Premier Chou En-lai to India.
during the meeting seems unlikely to come America is eagerly waiting to hear what the
true. And if little progress is made much of the c iseaerto sa-butoersett t
fault will lie with this country. Chinese have to say-but we refuse to talk to
them ourselves
The United States State Department and This "withdrawal," leading to a sort of vol-
the American press have been hailing the ap- untary unawareness can have little but bad
proach of the meeting for days. Reports from effects. The President and Mr. Nehru cannot
Bombay,.Istanbul, Geneva, Paris, and finally, discuss China, they can only discuss the Indian
London were wired to this country whenever impression of the Chinese.
the Indian Prime Minister made a new com- This situation, in which the U.S. has placed
ment on the possible success of the talks. Each itself at a notable political disadvantage, is
dispatch touched off a re-appraisal of the not in itself sufficient to demand recognition
probable agenda. By the time the talk opened of the Red Chinese government. But when
yesterday, a list of subjects had crystalized, weighing the pros and cons of future recogni-
and Red China was near the top. tion it lays heavily on the side of the pros.
Why? Are the two leaders going to recon-
sider their diplomatic, impressions of Red THE UNITED STATES cannot make valid
Chinese policy? Are they planning on adjudg- judgements of any nation without main-
ing the motives of the Peiping leaders? It taining direct relations with that nation's lead-
would be hard to say yes, as Mr. Nehru is the ers, be they legally or illegally in office.
only one of the two who has had official President Eisenhower and Prime Minister
contact with the Chinese Comiunist leaders. Nehru cannot improve on the Red China prob-
lem as long as India is required to supply all
O SUGGEST that the United States analyze of the diplomatic background.
the actions of the United Kingdom by talk- -ALLAN STILLWAON
ristmas Projects Admirable
MANY CHRISTMAS-SPONSORED projects the organization than a generous "gift." And
have unfortunately, and in some cases even admitted is the probability that listed
unjustifiably, resulted in negative impressions down among the secondary motives may be one
in the student body. with a tinge of public relations.
Case in point at present, and typical for this Still, accepting all these postulations is not
time of year, the Christmas programs staged tantamount to saying the prime motive of
under the auspices of League, Union, and student groups in putting on charitable projects
Inter-Fraternity Council. To those not affili- is a utilitarian one.
ated with these organizations, such actions The best case student organizations can
may be interpreted as strictly utilitarian, present in their defense would probably in-
TheL ea clude a comparison of the time and money
heLeague and Union combine twice yearly, spent to the publicity gained.
once at Christmas and again at Easter, to pre-
sent benefit talent shows to patients at Univer- HUNDREDS OF HOURS are spent annually
sity Hospital and other hospitals in the Ann 1
Arbor area. IFC opens the doors of almost all by the Union and League officials gathering
its fraternities to 2,000localgradcampus talent, organizing and presenting shows
itsfrteniie to2,00loalgrade-school boys that are staged one Saturday afternoon be-
and girls for games, parties and presents.htaesae n audyatronb-
fore Christmas or Easter. The small amount of
From some of our more cynical students are publicity and prestige gained certainly is not
heard condemnations because they suppose justified by efforts expended.
these actions are not based on admirable Fraternities open their doors, and to a
motives; that they are "publicity stunts" de- surprising extent, their pocketbooks, for their
signed to advance the prestige of the student Christmas "kiddie" parties. Again, the public
organizations. relations advancement is certainly not worth
the capital outlay.
GRANTED that such traditional projects as If there is a selfish motive involved it is
"kiddie parties" lose through the years the nothing more than the happiness one derives
spontaneous flavor of benevolence inherent at from making others happy. To this extent the
their inception. Also accepted is the fact that aforementioned student' projects are certainly
in the planning stages the project may appear useful.
designed to be more a duty or obligation of -WILLIAM HANEY
Eden Rationalizes

1 r. 'M r' t . z
LIgoo
V - y o .

AT THE STATE
The Opposite Sex':
Intermediate
WHATEVER THE POWER of lair Boothe Luce's "The Women," the
current musical remake is about as potent as a wet cookie. Retitled
"The Opposite Sex" and rescripted by Fay and. Michael Kanin, it
suffers considerably from the disease known as directiorfal indetermin-
ism.
Apparently Director David Miller was uncertain of what he was
doing, for "The Opposite Sex" emerges as: 1) a sentimental romance

I

4

3
.4

ct49i7+ T? W L SA4vN6rv POST 4.

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
The Near East Oil Reserve:

By DREW PEARSON

THERE can be no argument
about the importance of Near
Eastern oil to the United States.
The present proven reserves of
the Near East has a life of 100
years. In contrast, the proven
reserves of the United States have
a life of 12 to 13 years.
Of the free world's crude oil
reserves, 71 per cent is located in
the Near East. In barrels that's
126 billion out of a total reserve
of 178 billion. Most of this is
future oil. The United States, with
only 17 per cent of the free world's
oil reserves, consumes 60 per cent.
What the Soviet bloc wants, of
course, is the future oil of the
Near East. This is the chief, if
not the sole reason for pouring
arms into Egypt-so many arms
that the supply discovered by the
Israeli army in the Sinai desert
probably amounted to a future
base for either the Red Army or
Russian "volunteers."
* * *
WITHOUT minimizing the im-
portance of Near East oil, the
question is whether oil companies,
oil officials, and State Department
officials interested in oil should
dominate and direct American for-
eign policy. Also, should we put
oil ahead of our traditional allies,
France and Britain.
Yesterday this column described
the oil affiliations of Herbert
Hoover, Jr., the charming, some-
times naive Undersecretary of
State whose firm has worked for
most of the big oil companies. He
has made many of the recent deci-
sions which carried American-pol-

icy to a new low in Western Eu-
rope.
The man who will replace
Hoover, Gov. Christian Herter of
Massachusetts, also has oil con-
nections. His wife, Mary Caroline
Pratt, belongs to the Pratt oil fam-
ily and inherited millions. The
Pratts are affiliated with Stan-
dard Oil of New Jersey which
owns 30 per cent of the Arabian-
American Oil Company (ARAM-
CO).
* * *
JOHN FOSTER DULLE'S law
firm, it should be noted, repre-
sents Standard Oil of New Jersey.
Loy Henderson, Deputy Under-
secretary for the Near East, once
received an air cooler as a gift
from the Washington lobbyist of
ARAMCO.
Let's take a further look at how
American big oil influenced or
dominated American policy in re-
cent weeks.
First, part of the Russian arms
sold and bartered to Egypt was
paid for, indirectly, by American
oil. Nasser swapped cotton for
part of his Soviet arms, but part
was paid for in cash. And to get
the cash he put the bite on his
'fellow Arab, King Saud' in Saudi
Arabia, who in turn put the bite
on Arabian-American oil. They
advanced oil royalties to the
amount of around $200 million.
Thus Standard of N.J., Socony
Mobil, Standard of Calif., and the
Texas Co., all bitter haters of
communism, were indirectly help-
ing to import communist arms into
Egypt. They were afraid not to

ante up when King Saud demand-
ed cash.
* * *
LATER, after the Suez storm
broke, Syria, a virtual Soviet satel-
lite, put the bite on ARAMCO for
oil. Again this was done through
King Saud who relayed the "re-
quest" to ARAMCO. Before mak-
ing the "request" the Syrians
carefully mined ARAMCO's pipe-
line passing through Syrian terri-
tory and threatened to blow it up
unless they were allowed to tap
the line for their own needs.
Nervously ARAMCO agreed. In
other words, the Rockefeller fam-
ily, whic hdominates ARAMCO,
is now in the position of helping
supply oil for the Russian tanks,
trucks, and MIG's that were rush-
ed to Syria and which have been
threatening both Israel and Iraq.
Much more important was the
pledge which the Arabs exacted
from ARAMCO th'at no oil would
be sold to the British and French.
It was in return for this pledge
that the Arabs refrained from
blowing up ARAMCO's pipeline.
It is still pumping oil and has
continued to do so all during the
Suez crisis on the -condition that
not one drop would fall into
French and British hands,
,* *- *
THIS IS believed to be a potent,
if not controlling reason, why both
Hoover and Dulles leaned over
backward against giving oil to the
British and French. For oil can-
not be compartmentalized.
(Copyright 1956 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

about marital problems; 2) a
song-and-dance revue; and 3) a
weak diatribe on the viciousness
of females.
Kay Hilliard (June Allyson) loses
her bedroom privileges with hubby
Steve (Leslie Nielsen) through the
scheming of a testy chorus girl
(John Collins) and a shrewish
gossip (Delores Grey).
Writer-friend Amanda (Ann
Sheridan), one of those women
who knows men from the objective
point-of-view, advises Kay to fight
back with spunk and a tight gown.
Needless to say. Kay learns quick-
ly. But the introduction of men
into Mrs. Luce's script deadens the
surgical bite like dental cotton.
* * *
1 IN THE musical department,
Miss Allyson, absent for some time
from Terpsichorean chores, is sur-
prising lithe in her two dancing
turns. However, her numbers are
staged by Robert Sidney with utter
banality. In addition, there is a
bannana-bongo bit, "Dere's Yellow
Gold On Da Trees," and a new
addition to the teen-age "hit par-
ade," "Rock and Roll Tumble-
weed."
Miss Allyson. sings with her not-
ablyshoarse voice and Harry
James, Dick Shawn and Jeff Rich-
ards are on hand to supply musical
accompaniment. The difficulty,
however, is that' the music i
more of an inspiration than an
addition.
The major performers work
hard, but Director Miller keeps
them from moving consistently in
any single direction. One of the
major difficulties is that "The
Opposite Sex" never seems to make
up its mind about morality, wheth-
er to be prudishly suggestive, flam-
boyantly promiscuous or dull.
* * *
TWO hyper-handsome MGM
starlings, Neilson and Richards,
are given an opportunity to dis-
play their virility. And Sandy
Descher, by far the cinema world's
most repulsive child star, gives an-
other portrait of a youngster with
the vision of Aristotle, the deduc-
tive powers of Acquinas and the
heart of Heloise.
On the whole, "The Opposite
Sex" is a great waste, failing to
use its performers and script to
advantage.
-Ernest Theodossin
AT THE MICHIGAN:
Hitchcock
,Success
ALFRED Hitchcock, the modern
master of suspense, has been
around a long time. Although he
is usually thought of today only in
terms of his recent flood of techni-
color thrillers, "Rebecca," the
movie at the Michigan, is one of
his early triumphs and shows all
the earmarks of fine direction
that have since made his name a
household synonym for success.
The screenplay, of course, is
partially responsible for the qual-
ity of the film. A Robert E. Sher-
wod adaptation-of the best-selling
novel by Daphne DuMaurier, the
script moves quickly from an ordi-
nary beginning to an effective, if
slightly over-dramatic end.
"Rebecca," as most of the novel-
reading public must know, is the
story of a naive young girl who
is swept off her feet by a dashing
British aristocrat, Max DeWinter,
while acting as a domestic com-
panion to an obnoxious society
woman at Monte Carlo. Apparent-
ly entranced by her fresh young
innocence, DeWinter marries the
girl and carries her back to Man-
derly, his huge and gloomy estate
in Cornwall.

AT MANDERLY, however, the
new Mrs. DeWinter finds that,
despite her husband's wishes, she
is not the real mistress of the
house at all. Everywhere she
turns, she is confronted by the
memory of Rebecca, DeWinter's
first wife. The ghost of the past
seems to haunt every aspect of her
new life,
Upset by the influence of Re-
becca, and by Mrs. Danvers, a
predatory female housekeeper, the
second Mrs. DeWinter is on the
verge of suicide, when a shipwreck
throws a' new light on both the
death and the character of the
mysterious Rebecca. Max conse-
quently becomes involved in a
murder charge at the insistence of
someccousin of his first wife.
I can't say very much more
about the plot without ruining the
surprise ending,
- -e . , .* - *

DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an of-
ficial publication of the University of
Michigan for which the Michigan Daily
assumes no editorial responsibility. No-
tices should be sent in TYPEWRITTEN
form to Room 3553 Administration
Building before 2 p.m. the day preced-
Ing publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
TUESDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1956
VOL. LXVII, NO, 71
General Notices
Regent's Meeting: Fri., Jan. 2. Com
munications for consideration at this
meeting must be in the President's
hands not later than Jan. 16.
Women's hours for the week before
Christmas vacation: Dec. 19, regular
10:30 night. Thurs., Dec. 20, 11 o'lock
p.m. Friday, Dec. 21, regular 12:30
night. Automatic late permissions can
be taken as usual on Wed, night.
Health Service Clinic will close at 4:00
p.m. on Tues., Dec. 18, except for emer-
genies.
SGC: Student Activities Scholarship
Board. Petitioning open for three po-
sitions on the Student Activities Schol-
arship Board through Dec. 19. Petition
forms available 1020 Administration
Bldg., Mrs. Callahan.
Institute of Internation Education has
announced foreign study grants avail-
able for the year 1957-58. Awards will
be granted to the following countries:
Austria, Brazil, Ceylon, Cuba, Denmark,
England, France, Germany, Iran, Israel,
Italy, The Netherlands, Spain, Sweden,
and Switzerland, Students may apply
for Fulbright Travel Grants (travel
only in conjunction with some of these
awards. Further information about
these grants may be obtained in the
Office of the Graduate School.
Orientation leaders for the spring se-
mester are now being selected. Only
experienced men should sign up from
2-5 \p.m. this week in the student of-
fices of the Mihigan Union. Groups
will be coed and meals will be provided
those men chosen.
Lectures
Dr. R. G. Bickford, assoc. prof. of
physiology, University of Minnesota,
and consultant in electroencephalo-
graphy at Mayo Clinic, will present a
University Lecture at 8:00 p.m UTe.,
Dec. 1, in the NPI Amphitheater, Un-
versity Hospital. "Behavioral Changes
Produced by Depth Stimulation of the
Human Brain." Sponsored by the De-
partment of Psychiatry."
Robert Ahier, United Press sports cor-
respondent from France, will speak at
4:1' today, Aud. B, Angell Hall, on the
topic, "The Challenge of Communism
in the Churches of Europe."
Operations Research Seminar: Prof.
Harry Goode, will lecture on "The Ap-
plication of the System Design Process
to Business Problems," on Wed., ec..
19, Coffee hour at 3:30 in room 243,
West Engineering Building and semi-
nar in Room 229, West Engineering at
4:00. All faculty members are welcome.
Concerts
Student Recital: Michael Avharian,
Jr., violinist, will perform works by
Vitali, Bach, Beethoven, and Ravel,
at 8:30 p.m., Tues., Dec. 18, in Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. Nelita True will
accompany him. Avsharian is a pupil
of Gilbert Ross. This recital is in par-
tial fulfillment of the requirements
for the degree of Bachelor of Music and
is open to the public.
Annual Christmas Concert by Uni-
versity of Michigan Choir, Maynard
Klein, director, 8:30 p.m. Wed. even-
ing, Dec. 19, in Hill Auditorium. Mid-
night Mass (for Christmas) by. Char-
pentier, and Bach's Magnificat; solo-
ists: Bette Claire Grotegut, soprano,
Kathleen Rush, soprano, June Tows,
soprano, Mary Mattfeld, contralto,. Don-
aid Nelson, tenor, John Cantrel, bass,
and Willis Patterson, bass, with
Charles Schaefer, organist. Open to the
general public without charge.
.planshathese tstoKpeeBektt
Noon Showing, Wed., Dec. 19, 12:30
p.m. Audio-Visual Auditorium, 4051
Administration Building. "Children of
Germany," "Life in Mountains (Switz

erland)," "Scandinavian Lands: Nor-
way, Sweden, Denmark."
Academic Notices
Mathematics Colloquium: Tues., Dec.,
18, at 4:10 p.m. in 3011 A. H. Freder-
ick Bagemihl of the University of Notre
Damewill speak "On a Theorem of Lin-
delof."
Chemistry-Pharmacy Building Christ-
mas Party. Wed., Dec. 19, 7:30 p.m.,
Rooms 1300 and 1400.
Doctoral Examination for Dell Spen-
cer Wright, Political Science; thesis:
"The Prestige of the Public Service in
a Metropolitan Community," Tues., Dec.
18, 4609 Haven Hall, at 1:30 p.m. Chair-
man, Ferrel Heady,
Doctoral Examination for Gertrude
Evelyn Dole, Anthropology; thesis: "The
Development of Patterns of Kinship
Nomenclature", Wed., Dec. 19, 1406 Ma-
son Hal, at 3:30 p.m. Chairman, L. A.
White.

PIME MINISTER EDEN'S statement that
a United Nations force would never had
entered the Middle East but for British and
French action, is little more than a means of
rationalizing aggression.
From the time Egypt's President Nasser
nationalized the Suez Canal on July 26, Britain
has advocated the use of force to regain control
of the canal, and has been unwilling to settle
the issue under UN authority. The Egyptian-
Israeli crisis offered the British an opportunity
to elude this authority and settle matters by
their own means.
The UN' calls for the settlement of arguments
by peaceful means rather than through the use
of force. England and France were denying
the purposes of the UN when they tried to
protect the Suez Canal and to separate Israeli
and Egyptian forces on their own. It is actions
such as this that have made the UN ineffective.
Moreover, Britain has accomplished nothing.
The Egyptian-Israeli crisis is not yet resolved;
there is still conflict between Egyptian, UN,
and British forces; control of the Suez Canal
has not yet been settled; the canal itself is
blocked, preventing all trade. All these prob-
lems will ultimately have to be settled in the

UN. Why couldn't they have been brought
there in the beginning?
IT IS VERY POSSIBLE that there would have
been no need for UN forces to enter the con-
fighting between Israel and Egypt, asking all
flict. If England and France had not vetoed the
U.S. proposal calling for an immediate end to
UN members to refrain from using force, the
crisis might have been settled then, as Israel
had agreed to bow to a UN ultimatum if Egypt
also agreed.
When Eden claims Russia would have se-
cured another satellite in the Middle East if
Britain had not intervened, he is overlooking
the fact that just as the UN took reprisal steps
against French and British aggression, so they
would have taken similar steps against Russian
aggression. It's a little like saying if there
hadn't been a traffic accident on a corner
there would never have been a light put on
that corner; therefore, bt's a good thing there
was a traffic accident.
UN intervention was a proper and necessary
action, but that does not mean that the British
and French aggression which caused this action
was either proper or necesary.
-MARGARET MOORE

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
a A frica, an Religion

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Emerging From Quarrel

Impressive List ..
To the Editor:
V7ERNON NAHRGANG is to be
commended on his interest in
1 playreading in Ann Arbor (Dec.
11), however, his attention should
be called to the fact that a play-
reading group consisting of Uni-
versity students, staff, faculty, and
anyone else interested, has been
functioning very actively since
last year. This group, the Ann Ar-
bor Playreading Group, reads us-
ing props, costumes appropriate
lighting, etc., at the Dramatic Arts
Center and all performances are
open td the public free of charge.
The group has done some quite
professional acting in an impres-
sive list of plays including "The
Devil's Disciple," "Waiting for
Lefty," "The Exiles," and this fall
- "Arms and the Man," "Tea-
house of the August Moon," and
a bill of three one acts, includ-
ing "Hello, Out There." In Janu-
ary three more one acts from the
following will be given; Shaw's
"Saint Joan," "Caesar and Cleo-
patra," and "Salome."
It might also be pointed out to
Mr. Nahrgang that there have
been posters on campus preceding
all performances, and there has
usually been a small item in the
Daily announeing the nlav and

weapon in his hand stood alone in
protest of the severe injustice and
oppression practiced on the native
African millions and other Asian
settlers in South Africa. He was
Mahatma Gandhi. And it was
South Africa where his experiment
with truth was initiated and the
novel way of passive resistance
was discovered. Things have
changed much since then. India
along with many countries re-
gained its independence, but the
medieval oppression in South
Africa remained as such, rather,
multiplied several times.
The sole voice of independent
India has been heard from time
to time expressing her grave con--
cern over the situation. It is a
pity that the countries which talk
so much about freedom and justice
elsewhere are surprisingly silent
in this case.
The barest human rights have
been denied the Africans, the na-
tives of the land, and to Pakistanis,
Indians, and other Asiatic settlers.
Fresh news of arrests of hundreds
of European, African and Indian
freedom fighters has been reported
on the charge of subversive activi-
ties. As a lame excuse. the govern-
ment, which is not a democratic

brand the South African govern-
ment as an enemy of freedom and
democracy. Communism is not the
only threat remaining that must
be fought by the freedom-loving
multitude of the world. There yet
exist other reactionary inhuman
institutions to jeopardize democ-
racy.
Shashanka S. Mitra
Religious Respect...
To the Editor:
[ON'T know will this (sic) hurt
George Lea. Guess not. Hurts
us though. His "The Shortest
Story Never Sold" (Pace Maga-
zine, this month) is a Saroyan-
like satire on the Crucifixion
Story. Very funny! Don't know if
Mi. Lea is saying something pro-
found or if this is one story Gar-
goyle had the decency to refuse.
We take.no affront, religiously, to
a questioning of Biblical detail.
But we are deeply embarrassed
for Mr. Lea in his flippant ap-
proach to that which forms the
basis of life for half the world-
Christianity. Makes no difference
what Mr. Lea's faith is or what
he's trying to prove: his affected
style must be shocking to anyone
who respects the religious beliefs

By WILLIAM L. RYAN
AP Foreign News Analyst
THE THREE Western powers, emerging from
a family quarrel, are struggling to get
their relations back on the former cordial
basis. The United States, whether it likes it
or not, now is undisputed boss of the partner-
ship.
There is a .realization here and in London
that the United States, however reluctant it
might be to shoulder new responsibilities, is
the only country which can enforce peace in
+V .m - - , r

THIS DOUBTLESS will mean sacrifices for
Americans. But it is going to mean some-
thing more. It indicates that the voice of the
United States must become stronger and make
plain to the Soviet Union and the Communist
world just where the line between war and
peace lies.
The United States probably will have to drop
the fiction of "peaceful coexistence" as it
emerged under the aegis of the now spectral
Geneva spirit. Obviously, if there is to be
peaceful co-existence, it will be up to the
Russians to do the coexisting.

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