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November 17, 1956 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1956-11-17

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Sixty-Seventh Year

"When pinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"


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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

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Mirror Reflection
Of a Small Town
A FAMILY PARTY by John O'Ilara-Random House.
JOHN O'HARA, master recorder of Pennsylvania small town life ("Ten
. North Frederick" and others), comes rather close to pure journalism
in "A Family Party"-a recent "Colliers'" Magazine long short story
which now appears in book form for the first time.
Recording is actually quite close to what O'Hara accomplishes in
this work for he has given the entire tale the guise of a "Stenographic
Report" taken from the homey, colloquial remarks made by Albert
Shoemaker on the occasion of a family party given in honor of Doc
Samuel G. Merritt. The good doctor's contribution to the community
of Lyons. Pennsylvania serves as inspiration for principal speaker
Shoemaker's roughly organized but nobly effective tribute.


Open Regents Meetings
Should Be Meaningful

OPEN Regents meetings have become little of what discussion prece
more than a depository for trivia and a forms only in a narrow(
handout session for News Service releases. All Further, open discussior
important business is confined to closed dis- problems would assure th
cussions the evening before the "official" that these problems were
meetings. The meetings have become so mean- attention.
ingless that what the Regents have done is On a more practical lev
'written up by News Service before the meet- ings would lead to greater
ings at which they are supposed to do it. understanding generallyt
For many years meetings of the Board of not always agreement.
Regents and the State Board of Agriculture g thnk theiR un
duct more of their 'unc
(MSU's governing board) were closed. Michigan the open.
Press Association opposed closed meetings on
the grounds that state university governing
boards were responsible to the people and
obligated to conduct their affairs subject to
public scrutiny. Last Hom
Several years ago both the Regents and the
State Board of Agriculture agreed to open their For. Severa]
meetings on a trial basis.
TODAY, fans will see th
WE THINK meetings should be open. But ance for some of Mic
more important, we think they should be ball players in the Michiga
more than a formality. It. is somewhat unfortu
with Indiana will have f
It may be that there are discussions that the crowd of the season and
Regents wish to conduct among themselves. the traditional climax at
But we doubt that these encompass the entire urday against Ohio State.
range of education with the exception of fac- But, as the season nears
ulty h6aves of absence and gifts and grants. to such outstanding play
Their evaluations of such problems as hous- Terry Barr, and Tom Maen
ing, growth, the University's obligation to the not be overlooked.
state, and the level of out-state enrollment It is with this thought
should be open to the people. that the inconsistent spiri
The rationale behind their formal actions ball fans can unify itsel
should be known in order that interested citi- morrow's home finale.
zens may better understand their workings. There should be more o
in the Stadium to the v
ALL ELECTED officers bear a responsibility just to hear the results oft
to keep their constituents (in this case, the and Minnesota-Michigan}
state) informed. The final action adopted,
without supporting rationale and knowledge
Hungarian Relief Drive

eded the action, in-
n of the University's
e people of the state
e receiving adequate
el, meaningful meet-
s understanding, and
breeds sympathy, if
would be wise to con-
official" business in
City Editor
e Game
I Seniors
e last home appear-
higan's senior foot-
an Stadium.
nate that the game
ar from the largest
that many will miss
Columbus next Sat-
a close, the tributes
ers as Ron Kramer,
ntz and others should
in mind one hopes
it of Michigan foot-
If somewhat in to-
f a desire to remain
very last play than
the Iowa-Ohio State
State games.
Sports Editor

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Expert in the Realm of Advocacy

WE HEAR a lot of talk these days about how It ends Tuesday. There is little time to or-
materialism has replaced the meaning in ganize and none for idle talk. Locally the drive
holidays like Thanksgiving and Christmas. has been endorsed by University President Har-
Maybe it's true. Certainly exchanging gifts lan Hatcher, Student Government Council and
has replaced the birth of Christ as the spirit Congressman George Meader.
of Christmas, and turkeys mean more than
giving thanks at Thanksgiving. O CONTRIBUTE, simply drop your check
The University community has a concrete off at the Ann Arbor Bank or State Savings
chance to demonstrate its awareness of the Bank. Make it payable to "International Res-
needs of others by contributing to the drive cue Committee." To help, contact Don Kenney,
for food and medical supplies for the people 'P7L; or George Milroy, local chairmen.
ofYou might feel a lot better on Thanksgiving
Sponsored locally by Young Republicans and YomihfelaotbtronTnkgvg
partofaationwideeyfbyfonroraeub linnd Day, sitting in an easy chair gorged with tur-
part of a nationwide effort to raise a million key, if you give to these people. You'll help
dollars for those who must fight for the advan- k e thif Thankv git inghs p ol e.as om'aning.p
tages we blithely accept, the campaign needs prove that Thanksgiving still has meaning.
not only contributions but hard work and -LEE MARKS
help. City Editor '
EduC1ationale e Cream Cones

FOR THE UN, which finds itself
attempting to deal with the
two great crises in Hungary and
'in the Middle East, the critical
fact is this: the United States is
acting wholly within the legal
system of the United Nations
whereas the Soviet Union is in
the main acting outside that sys-
tem. The heart of the difference
is that the Kremlin is using mili-
tary force as the instruments of
Soviet national policy. The United
States, on the other hand, has
gone further than any great power
has ever gone before to renounce
the use of military force except
as it might be called for and
authorized by a majority of the
United Nations.
* * *
THUS, THE United Nations, or
at least a substantial majority of
them, have called upon the So-
viet Union to desist in Hungary.
But as it was certain that they
would not oppose the Red Army,
the Kremlin has used the Red
Army to achieve the Soviet ob-
jective. The Red Army, we have
sees, is not subject to any of the
limitations which the UN has
wished to impose.
In the Middle East the United
Nations have called upon Britain,
France, and Israel to desist. They
are desisting and they are ack-
nowledging the authority of the
UN. But here again the Soviet is
using its military power outside

the UN. It is making threats of
military intervention which have
never been considered, much less
authorized, by the UN, and it is,
unless the available reports are
wrong, building up a military
bridgehead of its own in the Mid-
dle East. The UN is being passed
* * *
THE FIRST conclusion to be
drawn from all this is not that
the United States should decide
for a freehand, should in its turn
cast off the United Nations, and
proceed in its own way to use the
influence which its military power
can exert. Our first business is to
explain to the United Nations this
fundamental problem-the prob-
lem of the Soviet Union's unilat-
eral use of force as the instru-
ment of its national policy. This
should be done, if necessary to
give it proper emphasis, by the
President in person. For if this
problem is not understood by the
governments of the world, and its
grave potentialities taken to heart,
we may all find ourselves on a
slippery slope where events are
out -of control.
In adhering to a United Nations
policy, we must realize clearly that
there are two very different ways
of acting on such a policy. One is
the way the Administration first
took; then modified somewhat, but
has never seriously reconstructed.
This was in essence to treat Brit-
ain, France and Israel as aggres-
sors, to treat Egypt as the inno-

cent victim, and to commit the
whole United States influence to
the single issue of the withdrawal
of military forces.
* * *
THE OTHER WAY, which in
view of Nasser's record should
have been the original way, is to
commit our influence in the UN
insistently and decisively to a
solution of the problems which
caused the explosion. The UN is
now being put to its severest test.
It is being tested at its weakest
point. Its inherent weakness is
that it is not, or at least that it
has never been, an agency for
making peace. It has been only an
agency for the making and keep-
ing of truces.
In the Middle East another
truce will not be good enough now
that the Soviet Union is by way of
establishing itself as a primary
military power. We should not
leave it to Britain and to France,
or to Israel, to argue this crucial
issue. We should argue it our-
selves, remaining within the lim-
itations of the UN but refusing to
accept and to compound its char-
acteristic impotence to deal with
the solutions of great conflicts.
It must be said that for a task
of this kind the American repre-
sentation at the UN needs to be
strengthened by the addition of
an advocate of the highest ability
-by someone who in the realm
of advocacy can take the place of
Secretary Dulles.
1956 New York Herald Tribune Inc.

past work; in form, in restraint, in s
respect, the author offers us what he
"A GROWN-UP picture for
grown-up emotions," said the
publicity for "Teen Age Rebel,"
and this assertion combined with
the highly original title brought
a near-capacity crowd to the
Michigan Theatre last night. At-
tendance is likely to fall off for
the rest of the showings.
Instead of a saga of leather-
jacketed delinquents slugging it
out with their environment, the
somewhat rowdy audience was
treated to another of Hollywood's
conceptions of child psychology on
* the split-home level.
* * *
LITTLE DODIE Fallon is a self-
contained fifteen-year-old when
she arrives for her first visit in
seven years with her re-married
mother. To relate a plot is always
an ordeal, but in this case less
so than watching it was. Dodie
finally loosens up after a little
normal contact with the two kids
next door and after a few catas-
trophes, such as being stood up
for her first formal dance, is re-
united spiritually withi Mother in
accordance with Production Code.
The exaggeration of teen-age
speech and manners was suffi-
cient to be amusing. Throughout
the entire movie, Dodie, who was
supposed to look different any-
way, was the only female under
thirty who appeared in a skirt.
And while the other members of
the cast presented plausible physi-
ologies, the role of Dodie was
awarded to a hussy of at least
THE YOUNG hero was played
by Warren Beringer, memorable
for his portrayals of Dexter
Franklin, Corlis Archer's TV
sweetheart. Ginger Rogers was
there, playing The Mother. She
got a chance to dance a little,
once on a hall rug and again on
a patio, but it didn't amount to
much. She still looks' good though.
There was a Short called "April
in Portugal" during which every-
one waited for something to hap-
pen between an American girl
and the handsome bullfighter as-
signed to escort her around, but
nothing did.
-Roberta Hard
"RIVIERA" is a film crammed
full of biting continental cyni-
cism. Starring Martine Carol and
Raf Vallone this Italian import is
characterized by some sensitive
acting and frank philosophy.
The action centers around a
prostitute (Miss Carol) who has
taken her daughter out of board-
ing school and whisked her to the
seaside for some salt air. Desper-
ately concerned about the future
welfare of,her child she is trying
to find respectable employntent.
R «
THE VARIOUS people at the
hotel where she is staying accept
Miss Carol as the well-bred lady
she appears to be. Among the
morally degenerate guests are an
English woman who is accustomed
to dining simultaneously with her
lover, husband and children and
an avaricious Italian couple who

worship money.
The plot unfolds amid some
glorious sunlit shots of the Medi-
terranean until Miss Carol's past
is discovered and she and her
daughter (delightfully played by
an appealing brown-eyed urchin)
discover themselves socially ostra-
cized. Not even the warm-hearted,
idealistic mayor of the town (Raf
Vallone) is able to aid them.
At this crucial point the area's
single multi-millionaire, a hawk-
eyed perceptive creature who is
constantly watching the drama of
human existence unfold along the
sand-swept beaches through his
binoculars, steps in. He attempts
to convince Miss Carol that people
are essentially rotten and that the
nny ,lnnlam -nhfninan h hann -

any ways unlike novelist O'Hara's
tress this is surely true. But in one
knows his readers want. Quenching
the virtually unquenchable curios-
ity about and their live shas
ity about other people and their
lives has always been a quality of
master story tellers. It is a quality
of O'Hara's work; and is very
much in evidence here as we learn
bit by bit of Sam Merritt's heroism
at the scene of a tragic train
wreck, of his absent-mindedness
about delinquent clients, of his
happy marriage and its sad out-
A good part of the joy of "A
Family Party," this reviewer con-
fesses, came from the mirror-per-
feet reflection of a small town
American's speech-as only O'Hara
seems able to trap it. One of the
most delightful examples:
(Mr. Shoemaker speaking) "If
you wanted to go from brakeman
to fireman or fireman to engine-
man, you had to study the rules
and pass difficult examinations
that if you ever saw the examina-
tion for fireman, I, wonder how
many college graduates could pass
it today."
- Donald A. Yates
The Daily Official Bulletin is an of-
ficial publication of the University of
Michigan for which the Michigan Daily
assumes no editorial responsibility. No-
tices should be sent in TYPEWRITTEN
form to Room 3553 Administration
Building before 2 p.m. the day preced.
ing publication.
VOL. LXvII, NO. 49
General Notices
Thanksgiving Holiday: All offices and
service departments of the University
will be cldsed on Thanksgiving Day,
Nov. 22, and will resume operations
on Fri., Nov. 23. Heating plant and
emergency maintenance operations will
operate on the regular holiday basis.
League House Payments: Payments
for board and room for the second
half of the fall semester are to be made
by Mon., Nov. 19, in all League Houses.
Academic Notices
Pharmacology Seminar, 10:00 a.m.,
Tues., Nov. 20, Room 205,Pharmacology.
"Ribosides and Related Compounds as
Substrates for Ion Exchange in Human
Erythrocytes," Dr. J. B. Kahn, Dept.
Pharmacology, University of Cincin-
nati. Coffee served in the departmental
library at 9:40 a.m.
Doctoral Examination for Alfredo P-
nero-Perez, Mathematics; thesis; "Le-
gendre Integral Transforms", Sat., Nov.
17, East Council Room, Rackham Build-
ing, at 9:30 a.m. Chairman, R.V. Chur-
chill. Acting Chairman, C. L. Dolph.
Coming Events
Research Club: November meeting
Wed., Nov. 21 at 8:00 p.m., in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre. The following pa-
pers will be presented: Ralph A. Saw-
yer (Physics): The University's Pro-
gram in Atomic Energy" and Robert S.
Niess (Romance Languages): "Zola
and Cezanne",
Placement Notices
The following school will be at the
Bureau of Appointments, on Nov. 20 to
interview for teachers for Feb., 1957.
Battle Creek, Michigan - All Elemen-
tary grades; Social Studies.
For additional information contact
the Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Ad-
ministration Building, NO 3-1511, Ext.
Personnel Interviews:
Representatives from the following
will be at the Bureau of Appontment:
Mon., Nov. 19
Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., Akron,
Ohio - plants and offices throughout
U.S. and world - men with any de-
gree for Sales Training. Retail sales
involves serving customers, ordering

merchandise, building displays, etc.
Budget Sales involves handling time
payment sales and control of custom-
ers budget accounts.
Proctor and Gamble Co., Cincinnati,
Ohio - work in various areas - men
for Sales Training with opportunity to
progress to Supervisory and Managerial
positions. Primary requisites are an in-
terest in selling and a strong desire for
a career in Sales and Sales M~gt.
Mon., Tues., Nov. 19 & 20
City of Easton, Pennsylvania - men
and women withodegree and extensive
background of courses in Recreation
and Playground Management for Rec-
reation work with City Recreation De-
partment and Board of Education.
Tues., Nov. 20
Aeroquip Corp., Jackson, Mich. - po-
sitions in Mich., Ohio, Calft., and Can-
ada - men with degrees in Liberal
Arts or BusAd for Sales Training and
Industrial Sales.
The Canada Life Assurance Co., Jack-
son., Mich. - offices in U.S. and Can-
ada - men with any degree for Sales






EDUCATION should be a big ice cream cone.
So it seems from the increasing tendency
to cry for more "integration," more "sur'vey
courses," more "broadly-oriented courses."
That there should be some unity in know-
ledge in the liberal arts, no one will deny. That
compartmentalization of the disciplines is bad
when it leaves uncovered areas between the
disciplines is also a virtuous remark.
But when a student asks for a course which
will coordinate all the knowledge in a given
area of natural sciences, social sciences or the
humanities, then he is citing evidence of his
own shortcomings. The function of the liberal
arts school and faculty is not to crawl inside
the mind of the student and form all the know-
ledge from the various courses he has taken
into some kind of a map of life..
IT IS THE student's responsibility to assimi-
late the various disciplines, to give them pro-
per balance in view of what his aim in life
is. The faculty may tell him what balance of
courses would be advisable, but it cannot and
should not also provide a mental blueprint
showing where each intellectual two-by-four
goes and how it should be nailed in.
If education were to consist of a mass of
survey courses - where the student gets a
"broad" view of Science or Culture or Life -
its products would wind up knowing plenty

about everything in general, nothing about
anything in particular. Moreover, the Science
or Culture or Life major would have no power
or ability to find out anything in particular.
(We would have to grant, however, that he
would be able to speak eloquently after grad-
uation on any subject - for ninety seconds.)
We agree with Prof. Eisenberg that educa-
tion in breadth comes only after education in
depth in a particular area. For it is not until
a student develops his faculties of thinking and
expression that he can grasp the relation of
particulars. And these faculties cannot be de-
v'eloped without concentrated work in specific
disciplines where there are specific problems
and philosophies to be discussed. The power
to think does not develop in a vacuum.
IN THIS ROLE, the faculty should only act
as the catalyst. It should not mix the ingre'-
dients for the student. It should not serve Edu-
cation-Under-Glass to the'student. Obstacles
in the way of a liberal education today ;are
caused more by student irresponsibility than
by some of the notorious flaws in teaching
The faculty can to some extent dip the stu-
dent an educational ice cream cone. But it
would not take too long for that type of edu-
cation to melt.


Freedom of Expression


(Ed. Note: Although the follow-
ing letter is considerably longer than
usually acceptable, we believe it to
be a worthwhile and pertinent con-
mnentary on freedom of expression.)
Freedom of Expression
To the Editor:'
WHEN a man chooses a career
he has to accept risks that go
with it. A soldier has to face the
prospects of battle, the physician
knows some of his patients will die
and the journalist knows some of
his views are going to be.unpopu-
las. It was Benjamin Franklin who
said that if every writer made sure
that everything he said was ac-
ceptable to all, then there would
be very little printed.
As a newspaperman I have often
expressed my opinion on contro-
versial matters and have criticized
my own country, the U. S., India
and many others. Never was my
freedom of expression ever chal-
lenged. It is being done now. An
attempt has been made to answer
my opinions, as expressed in a
Daily interview; Abusing letters
have been written to the Daily;
the Daily reporter's suspension
has been demanded; the editor has
been accused of favoritism; it has
been demanded that I. S. A. remove
me from chairmanship of the
Committee on Publications; tele-
phone calls have been made to me,
abusing and cursing me; and,
finally, "an emergency meeting" of
the Indian Students' Association
has been called to consider the
araw cilia i n .ic - - nii of fh

The American people, I believe,
have a stake in the world. If not,
they would not have participated
in two world wars, in the Korean
war and in the gigantic economic
development program that is pour-
ing millions of American dollars
into other countries. Right now,
millions of American dollars are
helping to build India's industries,
agriculture, transportation a n d
other facilities. This being so, the
Americans have a right to knowv
about the people they are helping.
When I was approached for my
views on India, while I expressed
regret that I was being interviewed
on India rather than on Pakistan,
I did agree to give my honest opin-
ion. My .opinions are based on 18
years spent in India since my
birth; on frequent visits to India
since my migration to Pakistan in
1950, including a four-month visit
during 1954-55; exchange of ideas
with prominent Indian officials,
n e w s p a p e r m e n, and common
people; travel in many regions of
India; and study of Indian news-
papers, magazines and books.
A correspondent has asked me if
my views were based on sympathy
for India or hatred for India. I.
make no secret of the fact that
next to Pakistan, the following
countries are most dear to me and
I wish them well: the, Muslim
countries, the U. S. A., India, the
Philippines, and Canada.
My main contentions, in my
answers to Miss Labakas, were:
1) The Indian Communist Partv

colonialism, they never criticize
Communist imperialism.
4) India's foreign policy is con-
tradictory because they criticize
Western colonialism and keep
mum where Communist imperial-
ism is involved; and
5) India's foreign policy is con-
tradictory because though they
talk a great deal on self-determin-.
ation and human rights, they do
not applythe same in Kashmir.
These are my opinions. They
may be wrong and, if so, I soould
be glad to be corrected. But I can-
not change my opinion, or refrain
my expressing my opinions, due to
abuse or pressure. I would change
my opinions if someone puts forth
arguments and knowledge better
than my own. So far this has not
been forthcoming. If and when my
views are attacked, I should be
happy to give the reasons that lead
me to these views.
The day Diane Labakas' story
appeared, there was an editorial
in a Detroit paper on India's for-
eign policy and an editorial in the
New York Times on Kashmir. The
next day there was an article in
the New York Times Magazine by
A. M. Rosenthal on "False Gand-
hiism Plagues Nehru." And on
Monday Stanley Swinton, AP chief
of bureau in Rome, who has spent
three years in the Indian-Pakistan
subcontinent aid who recently met
Nehru at the Brioni Conference,
gave his views on the world situ-
ation to journalism majors.
Most of my views were substan-
fma a hx - nn-"- ma -- ~

* 'S

SGC, MIRA Don't Mix

STUDENT Government Council took a slight-
ly brave but very necessary move yester-
day when it rescinded its previous endorse-
ment of Moral Re-Armament and the three
plays with %yhich they have been proselytiz-
ing around the world.
It was brave because it was an admission
that last week's action to tentatively spon-
sor the plays and recommend that the cam-
pus give serious consideration to its goals was
... -- -

hasty and ill-advised, epecially in the lgiht of
the complete ignorance of the movement which
prevailed at that meeting.
But it was necessary because any group
which works so militantly for "moral" goals
is bound to come across a number of people
who quite strongly feel that 'morality" in that
usage has been seriously misdefined. Any stan-
dard of morality is bound to be controversial,
and in sponsoring MRA the Council was un-
wittingly but obviously taking sides in a spe-
cific controversy the character of which it did
not know.
T+ is -inr- - - n + o h- i, _. nam -


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