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November 01, 1956 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1956-11-01

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State Made Progress
Under G. Mennen Williams~
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Latest Deadline in the State

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PARTLY CLOUDY

4

VOL. LXVII, No. 38 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 1,1956

SIX PAGES

Britain

and

France

Attack

Egypt

by

Air;

UN

Emergency

Session

Called

on

Crisis

'Uniting For Peace'
Proposal Drawn Up
Security Council Vote Overrides
British and French Opposition
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. () - The Security Council overrode
British and French objections yesterday and called the U. N. Gen-
eral Assembly into extraordinary session to halt the fighting in
Egypt.
The council vote was seven to two.
Joining the United States and the Soviet Union in calling for
the special session under the "uniting for peace" plan were Yugo-
slavia, Cuba, Peru, Nationalist China and Iran.
France Against
France and Britain voted against it. Belgium and Australia ab-

stained.
The 'permanent delegates of
Soviet Units
Moving Out
Of Budapest
BUDAPEST, Hungary (/)-Most
of the' Russian troops cleared out
of Budapest yesterday and ex-
uberant nationalists concentrated
their fire again on Communist
Premier Imre Nagy's government.
"Out with the government of
murders!" chanted a crowd of
2,000 demonstrators in Kossuth
Square outside Parliament, which
only Tuesday was packed with So-
viet armor.
Nagy, who has, promised free
elections and other reforms, talked
with them in vain.
His regime clearly does not com-
mand national confidence.
Bombardment threats by the
Hungarian air force spurred the
Soviet retreat. By dusk most of the
Russian military units had van-
ished
Through littered streets that
also saw the triumphant return of
Josef Cardinal Mindszenty, Rus-
sian tank columns clanked from
the battlefields of a Red cause
that was lost.
They left their dead and wound-
ed behind.
Parke-Davis
Issue Settled
By .U,' City
University and City officials are
"substantially in agreement", ac-
cording to University Vice -Presi-
dent Wilbur K. Pierpont, as to
the division of costs for sanitary
sewage and water facility ex-
penses in the establishment of
Parke, Davis & Co.'s $10,000,000
medical-pharmaceutical research
laboratory on North Campus.
Official adoption of the three-
way share-the-cost plan is ex-
pected to be given Monday night
at Ann Arbor's City Council meet-
ing.
If the proposal receives the ex-
pected approval of all three con-
cerns the facilities would be in
operation by August 1, 1958.
The water facilities would serve
Parke, Davis alone with a maxi-
mum of 521,000 gallons of water
per day.o
Six months of negotiatibns be-
tween University, City and Parke,
Davis spokesmen concerning divi-
sion of financial burden were cul-
minated when, according to Pier-!
pont, "We made considerable pro-
gress in meetings earlier this
week."
The conferences concerned esti-
mates made by impartial engi-
neers as to the percentage each
party should assume of facility '
installation expenses.
"University and City negotia-
tors concur on the costs estab-
lished by the engineers as the re-

the 76 U. N. members under this
4 action will be called into session
within hours to take up the Middle
East crisis.
Britain and France fought the
move to the end with a series of
objections and declarations that
its adoption would have the "grav-
est consequences."
British Planes
As they spoke British and1
French planes were carrying out
raids against military targets in
Egypt.
The United States, which split
from its Western partners Tues-
day in disagreement over using
force in Egypt, approved the plan,
put before the council by Joza
Brilej of Yugoslavia.
Brilej's resolution was not sub-
ject to a veto in the council,
where Britain and France twice
Tuesday blocked resolutions call-
ing for a cease fire in Egypt and
withdrawal of Israeli forces.
The Yugoslav delegate invoked
a procedure known as "uniting for
peace" by which the U. N. mem-
bers, stymied in the Security
Council, can obtain a moral judg-
ment from the General Assembly
in a severe case.
adlai W arns
Ike on Suez
NEW YORK P)--Adlai E. Ste-
venson yesterday telegraphed Pres-
ident Dwight D. Eisenhower that
he hopes the President is not "go-
ing to commit the United States to
the hasty use of armed forces" in
the Middle East.
He issued the text of the wire
before President Eisenhower went
on the air to explain the United
States policy.
"Of course the United States'
must stand behind its commit-'
ments but I hope the statement
issued by Press Secretary James
C. Hagerty in Washington yes-
terday does not mean that you
are going to commit the United
States to the hasty use of armed
forces, especially in view of the
confused history of this area,
where both parties have engaged
in shooting at one time or an-
other."

Sorority At
Cornell Gets
Council OK
Sigma Kappa Voted
Local Recognition.
Special To The Daily
By ANDREW D. KOPKID
Editor-in-Chief, The Cornefl Daily Sun!
ITHACA, N.Y.-Cornell.Univer-
sity's Student Council voted unani-
mously Tuesday night to support
the Cornell chapter of Sigma
Kappa sorority in its decision to
obtain local recognition.
The chapter had been suspended
by its national council, presumably
because it had pledged a Negro
woman last spring.
In a sharply worded resolution,
Council also pledged its support to
"any social organization at Cornell
University in its attempts to select
members by its own standards
without arbitrary dictation from
without."
Copies Sent
Copies of the resolution have
been sent to the University Ad-
ministration, National Fraternal
Organization, and all local social
organizations.
Council's action Tuesday night
represents the first definite asser-
tion of student opinion at Cornell
on the problem of discrimination
in social organizations.
An editorial prepared for today's
issue of the Sun praised Council
for its "rational and mature posi-
tion" in dealing with the Sigma
Kappa suspension, and called on
the university to produce a policy
which would act as a "deterrent to
this type of impudence and irra-
tional prejudice implicit in Sigma
Kappa National's actions."
Council Meeting
Tuesday night's Council meeting
was conducted before an unusu-
ally large crowd of student observ-
ers. While Council's meetings are
generally open to the public, few
of the sessions attract any sizeable
number of students.
Elsewhere on campus, student
interest ran high in the Sigma
Kappa controversy. It was evident
that sympathy was overwhelmingly
with the local' chapter in its fight
See CORNELL, Page 2

sembly, "where the opinion of the
world can be brought to bear" in
an effort to stop the hostilities.
President Eisenhower ruled out
any special session of Congress to
deal with the Middle East emer-
gency but promised to keep in close
contact with congressional leaders
on the swift developments.
Government Policy
The President, seemingly grave
and tense, laid down this govern-
ment's policy in a 15-minute ad-
dress from his office which was
beamed simultaneously around the
world by the Voice of America.
The President had been report-
ed angry and shocked at the Brit-
ish-French decision to attack
Egypt, but his speech yesterday
avoided any harsh denunciation
of them or Israel. He did make
clear he opposes this resort to
force.
"We believe these actions to
have been taken in error," he said,
"for we do not accept the use of
force as a wise or proper instru-
ment for the settlement of inter-
national disputes."
"The direct relations of Egypt
with both Israel and France kept
worsening to a point at which first
Israel-then France-and Great
Britain also-determined that, in
their judgment there could .be
no protection of their vital in-
terests without resort to force."
The mild language President
Eisenhower used in criticizing the
British and French government
clearly demonstrated his anxiety
to preserve the Western alliances
which are the foundation of Am-
erican policy.
Criticism Avoided
President Eisenhower also avoid-
ed any strong criticism of Israel,
whose forces touched off the Mid-
dle East war scare by sweeping
into Egypt's Sin ai Desert on Mon-
day.
During the day official sources
reported that economic measures
werebeing drafted for use against
Israel in an effort to get her to
pull her troops out of Egypt. It
was indicated these might include
stoppage of foreign aid. But Presi-
dent Eisenhower's speech gave no
hint of any such steps.
President Eisenhower gave no
clue to any specific economic
moves his administration was con-
sidering to back up its demands
that fighting stop promptly in the
Middle East.

IKE SAYS:
U.S.To Steer Clear
SOf Mid-East Fight
WASHINGTON (RP)-President Dwight D. Eisenhower said yester-
day the United States will steer clear of "involvement" in the Middle
East fighting, will strive to localize it and end "this tormenting prob-
lem."
In a television-radio address to the nation, the President said it
was an "error" for British, France and Israel to launch their attacks
on Egypt, though he asserted they had "grave and repeated provoca-
tions."
Security Council
He announced that the United States, having been vetoed by the
British and French in the United Nations Security Council, would
now turn to the U.N. General As-

SGC Okays
Dorm Funds
Investigation
By TAMMY MORRISON
After almost an hour of debate,
student Government Council last
night voted to study residence halls
financing.,
Acting on a motion tabled last
week, the Council approved a
Imotion "that the Campus Affairs
Committee gather pertinent in-
formation concerning financing of
residence halls at the University."
The study will cover the present
self-liquidating plan and its ef-
fectiveness, comparable systems at
other schools, the present system
in its relation to rising enrollment
and other plans of financing,
Motion Passed
The motion passed over a sub-
stitute motion presented by Inter-
House Council President Bob War-
rick, '57E. Besides a finance ap-
praisal, Warrick's motion provided
for a study of the amount of stu-
dent housing now available, pro-
jected expansion of student hous-
ing and the relationship of current
and projected housing to rising
enrollment.
During Members' time, the
Council launched a discussion of
demonstrations here Monday night
following Israel's invasion of
Egypt.
Approximately 150 students with
towels draped on their heads
marched around fraternities shout-
See RESIDENCE, Page 6

No Harm In
bomb Tests
-Gomberg
By EDWARD GERULDSEN
There is not great danger of
poisoning the human race gen-
etically by continuing nuclear
tests,. Prof. Henry Gomberg, as-
sistant director of the Phoenix
project, said last night.
Tests of nuclear weapons should
be stopped, but "we still have room
for political considerations." If
national security demands their
being continued, he said, we may
do so without much fear of damage
to the race.
Speaking as part of a panel. de-
bating the issues of the H-Bomb
and the draft last night in the
League, Prof. Gomberg pointed out
that the amount of radiation to
which the average person has been
exposed due to the testing of nu-
clear weapons in the past five
years is very small in comparison
to that which he has been exposed
all his life from sources apart from
nuclear weapons.
Mutations Attributed
The number, of mutations that
could be attributed to this extra
radiation, he said, is very low,
percentage-wise, in comparison to
the number of mutations from
other causes.
"Granted that the percentage of
radiation-caused mutations would
be low," answered Prof. Cyrus Lev-
inthal of the physics department,
"But we are dealing with human
beings, and regardless of how low
the percentage is, still includes
quite a number of individuals. This
makes it an ethical rather than a
scientific question."
In the discussion of the other
issue in the debate, Prof. Marshall
Knappen of the political science
department said that Adlai Ste-
venson 's suggestion to end the
draft was an "unfortunate, if not
reckless suggestion" in an effort
to answer the Republican claims
of being the party of peace.
Slosson Defends
Prof. Preston Slosson of the
history. department defended Ste-
venson's suggestion ,by saying
that too many people had read
only the headlines announcing the
proposal, missing the fine print
and the qualifications attached to
the suggestion.

r
a'
i
G
P
6

Intensify Fight
As Forces Clash
British Cruiser Newfoundland Sinks
Egyptian Warship in Gulf of Suez
LONDON P) - British and French jet bombers today pounded
Egypt in an opening naval-air asault and a British cruiser kas
sunk an Egyptian frigate in the Gulf of Suez.
These were the first fast-paced developments in the fateful as-
sault from the West ori Egypt in the midst of the Israeli-Egyptian
cbnflict.
The British Admiralty said the cruis Newfoundland sent the
small Egyptian warship to the bottom after it ignored a challenge
last night while the Newfoundland was on "Suez shipping protection
duty" in the Gulf of Suez. This is at the Red Sea end of the Sues
Canal.
Second Frigate
It was the second Egyptian frigate lost in the new fighting. The
other was disabled and captured by the Israelis in a small air-sea
battle in the eastern Mediterra-

fm

Vulcans Tap
Mighty Vulcan, holding court in
his forge, Mount Aetna, sat em-
bittered at man's misuse of his
beloved fire. Now came to him
his faithful followers, saying
"Mighty Vulcan, bear this candi-
date for admission to our sacred
order, he being. an engineer, the
only worthy form of mankind."
And Vulcan answered so: "Sub-
mit this candidate to the supreme
ordeal, let all witnecss his per-
formance. And so the ordeal must
begin."
Those subjected are: Robert
Armstrong, James Barger, Neil
Barnett, and Ralph McCormick.

BAND TO' ACCOMPANY TEAM:
Michigan Grid Fans To Trek

AraIsraeli Students
Give Views on Dispute
By DONNA HANSON
Though the Israeli, Arab and Egyptian student contingent on
campus is comparatively small, they have naturally expressed the
greatest concern and most comment on the Middle East dispute.
. Michael Bentwich, an Israeli graduate student in engineering
mechanics, expressed the view that Israel has been justified in cross-
ing the border into Egypt.
"Israel has been constantly attacked by trained infiltraters,"
Bentwich said, "who crossed the border to kill, destroy and run
back home. The only way to stop it is to destroy their bases in
Sinai and Gaza strip."
Israel Took Risk
Bentwich claimed that Israel
took the risk that England and
1 0 France would not intervene with
To Iow a only the surrounding Arab states
would attack them.
"But, Arab attack was unlike-
ly, Bentwich observed, because
Egyptians have been under the
constant suspicion that Israel has
already a pact with France and
Britain and would intervene-
As for possible intervention by
the United States, Bentwich said
>..<. Israel knew America would be in-
active - "and they have been."
"Since France and England are
obviously anti-Egypt, and Russia
probably has a secret treaty with
Egypt, since they supplied them
~ with arms, then the United States
must join hands with Russia
against England and France.
............... .. ' _............:...._ ,...:. _..t7 7 r nr n R a

nean.
The British Air Ministry an-
nounced late yesterday night that
RAF aircraft attacked Egyptian
air force fields in Egypt, using 4-
jet Vickers Valiants and 2-jet Can-
berras in the raids.
Cairo radio said five Egyptian
cities, including Cairo, were
bombed. The British denied Cairo
was blasted.
Joint Command
The British-French joint, com-
mand assault was aimed at seiz-
ing the Suez Canal and had the
announced purpose of stopping an
Israeli-Egyptian war.
Sinking of the Egyptian frigate
by the 8,800-ton British cruiser,
was the first naval engagement
announced by the British.
The whole British-French oper-
ation began yesterday at 6:40 p.m.
Cairo time.
The Air Ministry statement
mentioned neither opposition nor
losses. Compared with World War
II bomber attacks, it was not a
large operation, a spokesman said.
Number of Planes
He declined to say how many
planes took part but said the
bombers went out individually in
darkness to drop high explosive
bombs.
His statement disputed the
Cairo radio broadcast that incen-
diary bombs were used.
Cairo radio said the capital an,
four cities in the Suez Canal zone
were hit by British jets and that
ersons were killed in Cairo.
Lloyd Denies Bombing
But British Foreign Secretary
Selwyn Lloyd denied it. He told
the House of Commons: "It is
quite untrue that Cairo has been
bombed."
Lloyd added that the British-
French operations are limited
strictly to military targets,;main-
ly airfields.
The first Cairo attack at 7:00
p.m. local time caused some dam-
age but no loss of life, the radio
reported.
An Air Ministry announcement
at 5:00 p.m. CST yesterday said:
"Royal Air Force aircraft have
attacked Egyptian air force air-
fields in Egypt. No targets other
thandairfields have been at-
tacked."
Cairo Cut Off
Cairo was all but cut off from
the world. Occasional radio broad-
casts were the only source of in-
formation for what was going on
in Egypt.
Britain had warned Egyptians in
Arabic broadcasts before the raids
to keep away from all airfields for
their safety.
The British and French have
the announced intentions of de-
fending the canal and separating
the Egyptian and Israeli forces
fighting across the Sinai Penin-
sula.
Conflict Set Off
The Israeli-Egyptian conflict
was set off by Israel's invasion of
Egypt Monday.
From the east, an Israeli ar-
mored task force now has plunged
across Egyptian territory to cut
ofn e + pis ,.rr A'a,, -i o,

yesterday banned travel by Amer-
ican citizens into Egypt, Israel,
Jordan and Syria except where a
trip is judged "in the best inter-
ests of the United States." All
American embassies and legations
were being notified of the action,
a State Department spokesman
said.
The department also reported
that 1,139 Americans had left the
Middle East tinder box as of 5:00
a.m. CST yesterday. With evacu-
ation picking up, the department
said 5,627 Americans still remain
in the four Middle East countries.
The Navy announced that trans-
port units of the U.S. 6th Fleet,
backed by combat vessels, were
standing by near Haifa, Israel and
Alexandria.
First Coimmunique
The first communique Cairo
broadcast on the air raids said:
"British jet bombers carried out
an air raid against Cairo at 7:00
p.m. local time, dropping incendi-
aries and high explosive bombs.
No losses of life occurred, but
isome m a t e r i a l damage was
caused."
The second communique broad-
cast from Cairo said:
"At 8:50 p.m. local time British
bombers carried out attacks on
Cairo, Alexandria, Port Said, Is-
mailia and Suez.
Seven Persons Killed
Seven persons were killed in
Cairo and minor material losses
occurred."
The British did not pinpoint the
targets under attack. The French
said the attacks might hit much
of Egypt.
Mystery shrouded details of the
joint French-British command as-
sault on Egypt hours after the air.
sea attack began.
Eden Withholds
Hours after bombardments be-
gan, Prime Minister Eden still
withheld official notification to
the British Commons that the as-
sault was under way.
He refused to answer opposition
demands that he confirm or deny
the assault was undertaken as a
result of collusion with Israel.
Israel spokesmen in London
called the charge of collusion non-
sense.
Lloyd's statement was the first
official notice to the House that
the assault was under way
The British- French forces
moved in defiance of President
Eisenhower's personal pleas for
them to keep out of the fighting
touched off by Israel's armored
lunges into Egypt's Sinai peninsu-
la toward the Suez Canal.
The situation - had given the
British and French an opportunity
to seize the canal zone, which
Egyptan President Nasser nation-
alized July 26 - and perhaps also
to topple him from his power in
the Middle East while his be-
friending power, Russia, is busy
with her own troubles with her
satellites.
Direct cable communications be-
tween Cairo and London were sub-
ject last night to indefinite delay.

By RICHARD TAUB
Although Rose Bowl hopes have
dimmed on campus, about 2200
people have purchased tickets here
for the Iowa game at Iowa City,
Saturday, according to . Athletic
Department Ticket Manager Don
Weir.
There will be no special student
train.
After a morning workout, the
football team will be flown to
Cedar Rapids Friday afternoon. It
will spend Friday night at a hotel
in Cedar Rapids.
Marching Band
University marching band will
appear for the first time in the
Iowa stadium.

1,3 AA .
x-114U'.34r .

I

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