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October 30, 1956 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1956-10-30

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Handwriting On The Wall

Sixty-Seventh Year

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

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j~L~55&IE~ 440

More Like oncerts
Would Be Welcome
THE BAROQUE TRIO played Baroque music Sunday night in Mason
Hall; more people should do this more often. I am only slightly
acquainted with the genre, which may make my judgment of Oerform-
ances suspect. It seems that once the threshold of competence is
passed, the range of individual expression for the performers is smaller
than is allowable in playing music of the later romantic periods. *It is
not that the music cannot take it: the Boston Symphony played their
Bach most lushly, but such were definitely out of place in chamber
music. Within the smaller confines, however, there is room for skill:
phrasing and dynamics are required, and must be under control at all
-times; balance between the instruments must be perfect; and the
proper interweaving of the contrapuntal lines is delicate. It is a pleasure


Stevenson Proper Leader
For The 'New America'


W HETHER AMERICANS desire it or not,
the coming years will bring 'them face to
face with a "New America." It promises to be
more than a campaign slogan, no matter what
the outcome of the election. It will be an
America of unprecendented material prosperity
as technological and economic science con-
tinue to advance., It will be an America with
unprecedented proportions of its population
made up of school age children as a result of
higher birth rates and of retirement age adults
as a result of increasing longevity. It will be
an America of unprecedented urban decay, as
the houses and apartments erected to support
fantastic growth of our towns and villages into
giant cities fall into ruin and blight. It will
be an America faced with unprecedented-and
almost daily-evolution in the strategy and
structure of the Soviet empire.
The New America is, in fact, already upon us,
and if its problems grow daily so do the oppor-
tunities they present. If there are many more
leisure hours to waste, there are many more
to be creatively filled. If there is much more
prosperity on which to grow fat, there is much
less sacrifice in aiding the lean. If there are
many more children to tax an already overtaxed
school system, there are many more minds
eager to be stimulated. If there are many more
older people in need of actiyity and subsistence,
there are many more years to be fruitfully filled.
If there are many more neighborhoods rapidly
crumbling into- slums, there are many more
urban areas where modern, carefully planned
developments can emerge. And if there are
many more dangerous and confusing changes
in the nature of the Cold War, there are
many more opportunities for an imaginative,
adaptable foreign policy to advance American
r _- QUESTION which has been placed before
the voters in 1956 is not whether there
shall be a New America but whether it shall
be a Better America. For if the challenges
which 1956 presents are lost-if the New
America is. smugly metrwith the Old Solu-
tions-opportunity will degenerate into tragedy,
and future generations will be forced to con-
sider how the New America can be again made
as good a place as the Old.
The New America will not become the Better
America through the efforts of one man, or
even one party. But in 1956, when the outlines
of the last half of the Twentieth Century are
beginning to emerge, Adlal Stevenson has
emerged as a man uniquely aware of its chal-
lenges and determined to see our nation meet
Of all the characteristics which make Adla
Stevenson a proper leader of the New America-
acute intelligence, refreshing candor, incisive
articulation, sober judgement-perhaps none
is more needed today than his keenly attuned
perception of the problems of our times.
Perception, indeed, Is one of the gaping in-
adequacies of our present leadership. It involves
the ability to see change, to relate it to basic
continuity and to determine how much weight
to give each in fraing the nation's policies.
It is the ability to tell the New America from
the Old, and to giveproper emphasis to the
elements of change and those of continuity.
With acuteness of perception comes leader-
ship to meet well-perceived needs and energy to
awaken the New America to the changes it has
experienced, as well as to go on meeting the
continuing problems of the past. And with it
also comes moderation, which is little more
than such perception put into Intelligent prac-
It would be misleading to attribute to Steven-
son a monopoly on perception of the problems
of the New America. The President's speeches
sometimes hint at the same sort of problems
the Democratic candidate has been discussing.
But for a man of action so suspicious of "words"
and "fine phrases," the President has shown
himself woefully inadequate in the area of
WHAT THE Eisenhower Administration has
accomplished has been in many cases valu-
able, not because it forged ahead but because

Editorial Staff
Editorial Director City Editor
Business Staff
DAVID SILVER, Business Manager
MILTON GOLDSTEIN..... Associate Business Manager
WILLIAM PUSCH................. Adertising Manager
CHARLES WILSON...............Finance Manager
PATRICIA LAMBERIS....:....... Accounts Manager
HENRY MOSES...............Circulation Manager
GAIL GOLDSTEIN.................Personnel Director
ERNEST THEODOSSIN............Magazine Editor
JANET REARICK........ .Associate Editorial Director
MARY 'NN THOMAS.................Features Editor
DAVID GREY..........................Sports Editor
RICHARD CRAMER............Associate Sports Editor
STEPHEN HEILPERN........Associate Sports Editor
VIRGINIA ROBERTSON.............. Women's Editor
JANE FOWLER..............Associate Women's Editor

it consolidated past gains. Eisenhower's func-
tion in modern political history has been to
end for all time the"Great Debates" over the
vastly increased roles of the United States
government in the domestic economy and in
world affairs and of the Executive Branch in
the workings of the government. He has seen
the continuity of the Old America, and where
others had pioneered the way he has often
followed through, perfecting and updating. But
he has failed to fully perceive the change to
the New America, and he has therefore not
pioneered in leading a nation which will never
know an end to the need of pioneering spirit.
The New Deal and the Truman Doctrine,
however updated, are no longer sufficient to
the problems of the New America, and while
the "New Republicanism" of Dwight Eisen-
hower is far more relevant to our times than
any brands of his party's doctrine within mem-
ory, it lacks the sensitivity, inagination and
drive needed in 1956.
DURING recent months and years, Adlai
Stevenson has described the problems of
the New America and his prescription for meet-
ing them. In his proposals for aid to educa-
tion in the form of federal grants-in-aid, aid
to students in the form of scholarships and
fellowships, aid for hospital construction and
increased grants for medical research, a volun-
tary but comprehensive health insurance pro-
gram, aid to city planning and blight relief,
lessening of Social Security and private re-
strictions on employment of older worker,
and special low-cost housing for older people;
he has offered practical solutions to some of
the glaring and some of the subtle problems
of today and the years ahead. It would be
sheerest folly, for a nation whose national in-
come should grow by tens of billions of dollars
in the next decade, which looks forward to
spending billions on superhighways and color
television, to ignore on economic grounds the
growing challenges of the New America.
But as long as the Soviet threat looms large,
the question will remain whether - stagnating
or improving - America will survive as a na-
tion during the coming years. It is in the area
of foreign policy that the statesmen of the
New America will face the sternest challenges
to their perception, intelligence and courage.
The death of Stalin, the "peace offensive", the
Soviet economic aid to underdeveloped neu-
tralist areas, the substitution of friendly, co-
operating, smiling Communism for militarism
and militancy, the incipient crumbling of Stal-
in's European empire - in short, a whole
new Soviet foreign policy and its widespread
consequences - demand far more than the
sterile, unimaginative responses which the Ei-
senhower Administration has made, if in fact
it can be said to have made any responses at
Again Adla Stevenson has indicated his per-
ception of the problem and his willingness to
use the resources of his own and others' fer-
tile minds to meet the changes in the world,
never neglecting the elements of continuity.
He has proposed during the past two years a
shift in the bulk of our foreign aid from the
military to the economic sphere, with greater
emphasis on the underdeveloped nations and
the newly freed satellite nations; channelling
of some aid - both American and Soviet -
through the United Nations, to insure to all
sides that no strings are attached; a moratori-
um on Hydrogen explosions, designed to allay
Asian fears and dramatize America's peaceful
intentions; and a greater sympathy and under-
standing for the problems of the new nations,
devoid of the self-righteous and belligerent
pronouncements which have made us so many
enemies of late among those who would be our
friends. These proposals have been a partial
measure of Adlai Stevenson's perception of the
problems of the post-Stalin era, the interna-
tional context of the New America, and his
desire to have that America lead the peoples
of the world in their perennial quest of peace,
justice and security.
THE PROBLEMS of the next half-century
are inexorable. They will be dictated by the
growth and longevity of our population and
the adroitness of our Communist adversaries.
The question we must face Nov. 6 is how we

intend to meet these problems at a time when
every year of lost opportunities greatly dimin-
ishes our chances for success. The longer our
children are given an inferior education, the
longer our cities are allowed to fall into de-
cay, the longer our aged are left a burden on
their own and their children's backs, the
longer the nation's health needs go inadequate-
ly attended, the harder will be future efforts
at undoing the damage which years of neglect
and halfhearted effort can inflict. And the
longer the Soviets are allowed to extend un-
checked their influence and control to more
and more of the world's peoples, the harder
will be the challenge to our leadership when
we one day face up to it, if indeed we again
find ourselves able.'


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AEC Kills Fallout Survey

to hear rare music played as it was
evidence all around of fine musi-
The most interesting work on
the program was the first: a Trio
Sonata in G major by someone I
had never heard of: Johann David
Heinichen. This work seemed more
than the others to anticipate later
developments in music. Obviously
it is Baroque: the development sec-
tions, such as they are, are slightly
conceived, the slow movements are
short, little more than interludes
between dance-like allegros. Yet
a startlingly modern device was
also apparent: thematic unifica-
tion of the whole by a motive com-
mon to all bthe movements. A
simple threenote device including
a falling interval is announced at
the, very beginning of the first
movement. It reappears slightly
modified and faster in the second
movement, which includes a short
development section. In the third
movement the theme appears in
inversion, slow again, and most
lovely. In the final allegro the
theme is almost lost in elaborate
figuration, but I could swear I
heard the outline of it.
not provided, after all it was a free
concert, their place being taken by
two short lectures. These were on
a somewhat elementary plane for
many people, but they have made
neophytes to Baroque feel more at
home. One remark bears, perhaps,
elucidation. Miss Cuyler stated
that the Baroque period is to be
noted for its diversity of style,
which is true enough; yet how re-
concile this with what appears to
be a quite common reaction, typi-
fied by a friend of mine who once
said, in connection with some of
the delightful symphonies of Wm.
Boyce, "Is there any way you can
tell these things apart, except by
the numbers?" It all sounds alike,
people say. Nonesense! This js a
remark born of ignorance of the
subject. Incorrigible longhairs say
that all jazz sounds alike; dis-
traught parents say all this be-bop
and rock 'n' roll sounds alike;
blustering Englishmen will tell you
that all Frenchmen are alike; and
some of the more undesirable ele-
ments of our population will insist
that all Negroes are alike. All
these generalizations are usually
made with derogatory intent and
are examples of prejudgment based
on ignorance, that is prejudice.
One of the five works on the
program was called a Concerto,
rather than a Sonata, for Oboe
and harpsichord by Albinoni and,
indeed, it was a concerted work:
there was much more of interest
for the harpsichord to do than in
the other works, where Miss Mason
functioned only as a continuo.
-J. P. Benkard

IT'S JUST been learned that one
month ago the Atomic Energy
Commission suddenly killed a sur-
vey of nuclear "fallout" by state
health departments.
At the time the survey was can-
celled, increases in radioactivity
as high as15 to 25 times "normal"
had been reported by some of the
monitoring stations.
Despite this, and despite the
Atomic Energy Commission's pri-
or agreement to consider 10 times
"normal" as the alarm point, the
state public health officials were
told on September 26 to end their
monitoring within 24 hours.
This was just six days after
Adlai Stevenson made his full-
dress proposition on September 20
to abolish H-bomb tests because
of the danger of radioactive fall-
The AEC is continuing its own
long-established monitoring pro-
gram, of course. But under its pro-
cedures, two or three weeks are
lost in processing and collating
data. Moreover, the information
remains an AEC secret until it
is published, usually less frequent-
ly than once a year. For example,
the last AEC report on fallout

was published on August 10, 1956,
and the one before that on May
13, 1955. By contrast, the data col-
lected by state health officials had
been available to them immedi-
ately for release to interested citi-
zens. In addition, they had been
getting weekly reports, covering
the entire nation, from the Public
Health Service, based on the data
submitted to Washington by the
various states.
* * *
state survey was to reassure the
American public regarding the
1956 nuclear tests at Eniwetok.
Two years earlier the heavy radio-
active fallout over Bikini had
frightened people throughout the
world and contaminated fish
caught for sale in Japan. In 1956
the AEC asked the Public Health
Service to set up a fast monitor-
ing system utilizing the health de-
partments of the states.
"At the request of the Atomic
Energy Commission, the Public
Health Service has agreed to es-
tablish and operate a nationwide
radiation surveillance network,"
wrote Assistant Surgeon General
Otis L. Anderson to Regional Di-

rectors of the Public Health Serv-
ice on April 5, 1956.
"The purposes of the network
will be to establish a record of the
effect on radiation background of
tests of nuclear devices."
Questioned by this column about
the findings of the state survey,
Dr. Gordon M. Dunning of the
AEC's Division of Biology and
Medicine was reluctant to com-
"You can understand our reluc-
tance to release raw data before
they've been interpreted," said Dr.
Dunning. "They'll be published,
but no one's putting any pressure
on because there's no danger in
terms of any health problem."
"Wasn't the purpose of the sur-
vey to get information to the pub-
lic fast?" Dr. Dunning was asked.
"It wasn't the idea to have each
station put out a daily bulletin,
but merely to be on tap with the
data when called upon," he ex-
* * *
DR. DUNNING did admit some
figures showing a substantial rise
in radioactivity during and after
the Eniwetok tests held May 5 to
July 23 of this year.
(Copyright 1956 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

sSunday, in a concert which gave
The Daily Official Bulletin is an of-
ficial publication of the University of
Michigan for which the Michigan Daily
assumes no editorial responsibility. No-
tices should be sent in TYPEWRITTEN
form to Room 3553 Administration
Building before 2 p.m. the day preced-
ing publication.
General Notices
Health Service Clinic will be closed
at 4:00 p.m. instead of the usual 5:00
p.m. on Tues., Oct. 30, only, except
for emergencies.
Anyone who has rooms to rent for
football weekends, call the Union Stu-
dent Activities Offices.
The Alexander von Humboldt-tif-
tung Awards Scholarships for postgrad-
uate studies at universities and re-
search institutes in the Federal Repub-
lic of Germany and in West Berlin are
offered to persons regarded as future
professors, as scientists, or as leaders
in other fields. The scholarships pro-
ride sufficient funds for one person
from Oct. 1 to July 31 and may be re-
newed once. The deadline for filing ap-
applications is Nov. 10, 1956. For fur-
ther information contact the Inter-
national Center
Lecture: "The Ethics of Political Re-
porting and Writing in an Election
Year" by Dr. Ernest W. LeFever, Uni-
versity of Maryland, and former re-
search associate in Ethics and Foreign
Policy at Johns 'Hopkins University.
Sponsored by the Department of Jour-
nalism and the Office of Religious Af-
fairs tonight at 8:00 p.m. in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre.
Linguistics Club Meeting wed., Oct.
31 at 7:30 p.m. in East Conference
Room, Rackham Bldg. Speaker: Dr. H.
Paper, "Toward a General Calculus of
Phonemic Distribution".
Research Seminar of Mental Health
Researh Institute. "Behavioral Re-
search on Miltown," by Dr. James G.
Miller, Institute Chief of Staff and
Professor Psychiatry. 1:30 to 3:30 p.m.,
Thurs., Nov. 1, Conference Room, Chi-
dren's Psychiatric Hospital.
Under The Gaslight by Augustin
Daly will be presented by the Depart-
ment of Speech at 8 p.m. Wed. through
Sat., Oct. 31, Nov. 1, 2 and 3. Tickets
are on sale at the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre Box Office. A special rate for
students is in effect Wed. and Thurs.
Stanley Quartet, Gilbert Ross and
Emil Raab, violins, Robert Courtes, vi-
ola, And Oliver Edel, cello, will appear
in the first of two concerts at 8:30 to-
night in the Rackham Lecture Ha11.
The Quartet will be assisted by Al-
bert Luconi, clarinet. If a program of
compositions by Beethoven, Ross Lee
Finney, and Mozart. Open to the geu-
eral public without charge.
Student Recital: James Berg, bass-
baritone, will present a recital in par-
tial fulfillment of the requirements for
the degree of Bachelor of Music at 8:30
p.m., Wed., Oct. 31, in Aud. A, Angell
Hall. Berg is a pupil of Chase Baromeo,
and will be assisted in the program by
Joyce Noh, piano, Sheia McKenzie andk
Margaret West, violins,- Robert Rick-
man, viola, and Beverly Wales, cello.
Public admitted without charge.
Academic Notices
School of Business Administration.
Faculty meeting Tues, Oct. 30, 3:30
p.m., Room 165, B.A.
Senors: College of LS&A, and Schools
of Business Administration, Education,
Music, and Public Health: Tenative
lists of seniors for February graduation
have been posted on the bulletin
board in the first floor lobby, Ad-
ministration Building. Any changes
therefrom should be requested of the

Recorder at Office of Registration and
Records window number A, 1513 Ad-
ministration Building.
Linguistics: Preliminary examinations
for the doctorate in Linguistics will be
given on Nov. 9 and 10. Students in-
tending .to take the examinations
should notify Prof. Marckwardt on or
before Nov. 2.
The list of persons who, passed the
language examination for the M.A. in
history is posted in the office of the
Department of History, 3601 Haven
Mathematics Colloquium: Tues., Oct.
30. at 4:10 p.m., in Room 3011, A.H.
Prof. D. G. Higman will speak on "Or-
ders 'in Algebras". Coffee and tea at
3:45 in 3212 Angell Hall.
Placement Notiees



Novel Describes Mores: Picture of Small Society

Peyton Place by Grace Metalious,
Messner, $3.95. 372 pp.
Peyton Place, Grace Metalious'
first novel, has had a notable
success, a fact most evident on the
national bestseller lists. In a mat-
ter of three weeks, the young,
married author's first major lit-
erary effort has jumiged from
fourteenth to fifth and now into
ranking among the top three most
popular fiction titles in this coun-
try. The uninformed may wonder
why?, how? The informed will
realize that the wire press news
stories about her town's oirate
reaction to the sensational novel,
about her husband's loss of his
teaching job in that small New
England town - not unlike that
one exposed in Peyton Place --
and about the surprised but de-
termined writer's refusal to be
"ridden out of town" have not
harmed the book's sale in any way.
Actually, the response of the
sleepy New Hampshire town
where Mrs. Metalious lives and
where her husband teaches has
its comical aspect. For, as the
author herself has pointed out,
she had the novel two-thirds fin-
ished before she ever moved there.
The fact that the New Hampshire
townspeople are up in arms over
apparent caricatures of them-
selves in the novel that hides no
human secrets calls to mind a
couple of wry jokes that involve
similar unsolicited mass confes-
sions to a randomly cast accusa-
tion of guilt.
To catch you up on the way
.hcn .~aafnr maffrc +fa n+ a

teresting and controversial novel
If we discard the rather heavy
suggestion that the town, Peyton
Place, is the protagonist in this
novel, we find that what we have
is the story of a young girl with
writing ambitions (probably not
unlike Mrs. Metalious) who grows
up in that small town (pop. 3675),
leaves it for the big city, returns,
and comes to understand Peyton
Place and love it - for all of its
sordid aspects.
The young girl, Allison Mac-
Kenzie, who was born out of wed-
lock, is the unifying element that
gathers and refracts the incidents
of two decades in Peyton Place.
However, she shares the pages of
the novel with a large cast of
rather closely defined people who
are the backbone of the town. The
author's narrative technique is
one that takes the reader from
character to another with con-
stantly shifting perspectives and
stresses. For the most part, these
people she sketches are quite en-
Caging; and, consequently, the
novel is quite thoroughly interest-
ing reading.
Small towns, author Metalious
seems to tell us, are full of mali-
cious gossips, like' so many vul-
tures patrolling the area for some-
thing foul to settle onto and work
over. A good part of the drama
of the novel comes from the set-
ting down into Peyton Place of
Allison's mother who has a death-
ly fear of gossip and of its effect
should the truth about her daugh-
ter's illegitimacy slip out.

crowds that filled his church every
Sunday; Lucas Cross, a sullen,
hulking, ill-tempered farmer who
made repeated criminal attacks
on his fourteen-year-old daugh-
On the matter of sensational
description to be found in the nov-
el there will doubtless be much
written and said. There appear
to be few words the author does
not have at her command. Like-
wise, there are many love-making
scenes with which she elects to
stay longer than most novelists.
To. this reviewer, the "sex" des-
cription in the bookhseemed to be
on two levels; one, a natural level,
the other, criminal. Credit must
be given here to Mrs. Metalious
for allowing that there be more
of the former in ! the book than
the latter. In short, it would ap-
pear that the author realized that
in any town similar to Peyton
Place, with time, certain relation-
ships between people would come
to be established and it would ap-
pear that she set out simply to
describe them.
To be sure, Peyton Place has
other, though less newsworthy,
features. There are some very ef-
fective scenes of natural descrip-
tion, of the delights of seasons
as they come to New England, of
a young girl's sensitivity for them,
and, fully as evident, of the town's
ignorance of them. And theology
is discussed, too; though it is
handled on a rather elementary
and unconvincing basis, taking
into consideration the individuals
who are involved in the discus-

present work has been likened. Un-
questionably, the reason for the
book's failure to attain something
approaching the stature of a Main
Street is that the author shows
us nothing new, nothing that we
don't know about ourselves or
about our times.
In many respects, Grace Meta-
lious' novel is similar to F. Scott
Fitzgerald's first book, This Side
of Paradise. It has much of the
same acute description and color
of a small society. It reveals a
certain joie de vivre. And, per-
notable in Fitzgerald. And, per-
haps more than anything else,
it has the same sort of ending that
young Fitzgerald put into his book
which was published when he was
twenty-two. At the end of This
Side of Paradise, Amory Blaine
has passed through a period of
growing up, and he cries out on a
strange mixture of, exhaltation
and despair, "I know myself! But
that is all!" This signals the end
of an-early phase of Amory's life
and the opening of a new one.
Peyton Place gives one much
the same feeling of conclusive in-
conclusiveness; young Allison,
through her sensitivity and innate
human sensibility has come to un-
derstand her own small town, and
therefore, understands more about
herself. Now she is ready for big-
ger and better things-the things
to come. Perhaps they will come
in the second Metalious novel.
Peyton Place, this reviewer feels,
is the author's attempt to paint,
with bright colors, the picture of
n _rnall _ ,,_y _ _. n - 4- is


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