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October 23, 1956 - Image 1

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Y

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Latest Deadline in the State

4 att

CLOUDY, COOLER

VOL. LXVII, No. 30 ANN ARBORS MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1956

SIX PAGES

Hatcher Says 'U'
Needs Selectivit

Warsaw

Uproar

By JAMES ELSMAN
University President H arl1a n
Hatcher yesterday observed that
the University must necessarily
exercise more "selectivity."
Addressing 400 faculty and staff
members at Rackham Hall, Hat-
cher noted that 47% of the state's
high school graduates will seek
further education next year and
admitted this would strain the ex-
isting facilities of the University
and the other eight state colleges.
Branch School Expansion
He revealed that the state was
now thinking mostly in terms of
expanding Junior and community
college facilities, with limited ex-
pansion facilities at established
institutions to buck the enroll-
ment surge. He did not mention
future plans for the University's
> branch school program.
In his annual "State of the Uni-
versity" message he offered this
advice to the Russell Commission
now studying the needs of state-
wide higher education, "I hope
they will consider that education
is more than a person standing be-
fore 25 or 30 students and trying to
put something across."
"The University will use its in-
fluence to carry education beyond
a mass process," he added.
'Reasonable Proportion of Housing'
As to how increased enrollments
here had put the squeeze on ex-
isting housing facilities, the Uni-
versity President said, "We are
trying to keep a reasonable pro-
portion of housing open to stu-
dents, considering our financial
means and present costs.''
Next fall, 1800 more students are
expected on campus he revealed.
In response to a faculty ques-
tion,' President Hatcher, answered
that the University was progress-
fying "but not as fast as we would
like" in improving faculty salaries.
To another question President
Hatcher replied, "Because the State
is now supporting Wayne Univer-
sity, this should never mean that
other state institutions should be
supported less."
Stars To Act
In Selections'
Of Steinbeck
* Featured as the wsecond pre-
sentation of the Lecture Series
this year "The Best of 'Steinbeck"
will take place at 8:30 pm. to-
Morrow in Hill Auditorium.
Acting in the adaptation of
some of Steinbeck's works will
be Constance Bennett, Tod An-
drews, Robert Strauss, and Frank
McHugh.
The stars, acting in a pre-
Broadway production of the
Steinbeck works, will read from
such notable writings as "Can-
nery Row," the "Grapes of
Wrath," and "Of Mice and Men."
Also included on the program are
dramatizations from "Tortilla
Flat" and "The Pastures of Heav-
en."
Steinbeck has achieved a high
place in contemporary American
literature during the past 25
years. In one of the prefaces to
his books Steinbeck notes that
the "play-novelette" which com-
bines many corms is easy to read
and to dramatize by simply "lift-
ing out the dialogue."
In adapting the works of Stein-
beck, Reginald Lawrence declares
such a presentation is an oppor-
tunity to "bring back alive" some
of the people and great moments
you remember from between the
covers of Steinbeck's books.

Druid's Tap'

Khrushchev,

<i>

-Daily-Leonard Cyr
PRESIDENT HATCHER
... State of the 'U'
.Local Youth
Tills Self
A 15 year old Ann Arbor youth
committed suicide last night in
Washtenaw County Juvenile Home.
James Lillard hanged himself
with the hem of a bedsheet in his
room in the Home. Dr. Edwin C.
Ganzhorn, county coroner, said
Lillard died of a broken neck.
He had been cut down and re-
ceived artificial respiration and
oxygen, but was soon pronounced
dead.
W a s h t e n a w County Probate
Judge John W. Conlin reported
Lillard was brought to the home
by Ann Arbor Police yesterday aft-
ernoon as a probation violator.
Conlin said Lillard was "all right
during supper hour, but when he
was placed in his room after sup-
per he started knocking things
around and broke a panel in his
door."
Prior to the early evening sui-
cide, Harold Neilson, director of
the home, removed Lillard's chair
and clothing so that he could not
harm himself.
Conlin said "I can't see where
anyone was negligent in any
matter."
World News
Roundup
AHMAN, Jordan-Jordan has
elected a pro-Egyptian Parlia-
ment, and Egypt immediately
acted yesterday to consolidate its
victory.
National Socialists, who call
President Gamal Abdel Nasser of
Egypt the "symbol of Arab awak-
ening," won a quarter of the seats
in Jordan's 40-man lower house.
At least four extreme leftists of
the National bloc, four followers
of the former Grand Mufti Haj
Amin .Husseini of Jerusalem, two
Arab Resurrection party mem-
bers,and several independents are
also solidly in the pro-Egyptian
camp to guarantee a majority for
the orientation of this country's
policy toward Cairo.
The National Bloc delegation is
the largest Communist-line repre-
sentation in any Arab country.
* * *
EN ROUTE IN MICHIGAN -
Vice President Richard M. Nixon
said yesterday the Republicans
made their "big break-through"
last week in their campaign vic-
tory drive and that the final two
weeks will be devoted to the "big
mopup."

Ike To Have
Pre-Election
Examination
WASHINGTON (P)-President
Dwight D. Eisenhower will enter
Walter Reed Army Hospital Sat-
urday afternoon for the complete
physical examination he said he
would undergo before the Nov. 6
election.
The White House announced the
results of the "head-to-toe" check-
up by an eight-man medical team
will be made public not later than
next Monday.
It was at a news conference Aug.
8 that the President said he plan-
ned a pre-election test of his
health. If it shows him unfit for a
second term, he said at that time,
he will go before the people and
tell them.
James C. Hagerty, the White
House press secretary, said Presi-
dent Eisenhower's health is "fine"
right now.
It developed yesterday that the
President maydincrease his speak-
ing schedule during the last two
weeks of the campaign, making
several more major appearances
outside Washington.
Hagerty said the White House
had received a number of calls
yesterday about a rumor that the
President had suffered another
"digestive upset." Hagerty made
light of the rumor, commenting:
"If he's ill, he's been doing an
awful lot of work."
President Eisenhower is expect-
ed to leave Walter Reed Sunday
afternoon or evening, after a stay
of about 24 hours.
He will be examined there by a
medical staff including Dr. Paul
Dudley White, the Boston heart
specialist who treated him a year
ago; and Maj. Gen. Leonard D.
Heaton, commandant of the hos-
pital, who performed the operation
for ileitis on the President June 9.
Reporters asked Hagerty to ar-
range for a news conference with
the doctors at the conclusion of
their examination and after the
issuance of their report. Hagerty
said he did not know whether this
would be possible.
President Eisenhower's last com-
plete physical checkup was on May
12.
It indicated he was in excellent
shape, but it was followed within
a month by the intestinal upset
which turned out to be a severe
inflammation of the ileum-the
lower part of the small intestine-
which required emergency surgery
in June.
The President spent the follow-
ing four weeks at Walter Reed.
Panel Discussion
"Nov. 6 . . . Who and Why,"
will be the topic of a panel dis-
cussion at 8 p.m. tonight in Room
3A of the Union.
Prof. Angus Campbell, Director
of the Survey Research Center
and Prof. Warren Miller of the
Political science department will
speak, according to Ed Vander-
velde of the Young Republicans,
sponsors of the panel.

SHARES RESENTMENT:
Adlai Tags Ike Reply
'Unfortunate' Move
CHICAGO (A)-Adlai Stevenson said yesterday he shares President
Dwight D. Eisenhower's "resentment at the manner and timing of
Soviet Premier Nikolai Bulganin's H-bomb message.
But, he said, he thought the President's reply "is unfortunate."
Stevenson said the United States should explore Bulganin's pro-
posals: "immediately and all the way."
At the same time, the Democratic presidential nominee said this
is not the first time Russian leaders have interested themselves in
the 1956 election.
He said they have made it plain their candidate is President
Eisenhower.
Stevenson issued a statement commenting on his opponent's
sharp rejection of Bulganin's latest proposal that H-bomb tests be

yTopple
Polish Cohorts
Independence Plan
C usARSAW R> - Polish Communist sources reported Warsaw's
political upheaval threatens to topple Nikita S. Khrushchev from his
Communist leadership in the Soviet Union.
And more shakeups, hitting at Moscow domination, are in prospect
in Warsaw to bring the government in line with the party's new "in-
dependent" course.
Parliament to Open
Poland's Seim - Parliament - opens today and will remain in
session until Nov. 20. The government shakeups-possibly including
the removal of Konstantin Rokossovsky as defense minister-may be
announced through the Parliament'

French Trap
Rebel Chiefs
ALGIERS (A')-The French
trapped five top Algerian rebel
chiefs in flight over the Mediter-
ranean Sea yesterday and had
their French pilot deliver them
into custody at the Algiers Military
Airport.
The pilot duped them into be-
lieving they were landing on
friendly soil.
Among them was the fugitive
Ahmed Ben Bella, who has been
directing the 22-month-old anti-
French rebellion from sanctuary
provided by the regime of Presi-
dent Gamal Nasser in Cairo.
The leaders, dressed in Western
clothing, were en route from Ra-
bat, Morocco, to Tunis for meet-
ings with the leaders of newly
independent Morocco and Tunisa
on independenee for all North
Africa.
They had intended to skirt
French Algeria but because of the
French ruse fell easily into cus-
tody.
Their arrest on hostile French
territory while en route between
two friendly countries threatened
to embroil the whole Mediterran-
ean area from the Atlantic to east
of Suez.
There were these rapid fire de-
velopments:
Tunisia formally protested to
France.
French Premier Mollet called his
Cabinet into special night session.
Morocco's Sultan, visiting in
Tunis, was awakened to hear of
the Algerian leaders' interception.
Their capture may have a pro-
found effect on the future of the
Algerian nationalist rebellion and
repercussions reaching to the At-
lantic and to the already deeply
troubled Middle East.
It also may have marked effect
on relations the French had hoped
to maintain on a friendly basis
with Morocco and Tunisia after
their recent emergence from
French colonial rule.
The French high official said a
diary found on one of the captured
Algerian leader confirmed that of-
ficial circles in Cairo were en-
gaged in the anti-French cam-
paign, and that Libya was a base
and a staging point for action
against France in North Africa.

>halted by international agreement.
Stevenson has urged the same
thing.
He spoke out on the eve of de-
parting for New York on a coast-
to-coast tour intended to bring his
campaign to what his staff mem-
bers called a "driving finish."
Wait Until Today
In Washington, Press Secretary
James C. Hagerty was asked yes-
terday for White House comment
on the Stevenson statement.
Hagerty advised newsmen to wait.
until today, when the President's
promised report of hydrogen bomb.
tests will be issued.
"I share fully President Eisen-
hower's resentment at the manner
and timing of Premier Bulganin's
interference in the political affairs
of the United States," Stevenson
said.
But he added that "the real issue
is not Mr. Bulganin's manners or
Russian views about American pol-
itics," but what can be done "to
save the world from hydrogen
disaster."
"Viewed from the standpoint,
not of politics, but of peace, I think
the President's reply-to Bulganin
-is unfortunate," the candidate
asserted.
He continued :
"There are two possibilities. One
is that the Bulganin offer that
Russia will stop testing hydrogen
bombs is made for propaganda
purposes only and with a complete
lack of good faith. If that is true,
it should be exposed for all the
world to see.
Opportunity to Move
"The other possibility is that the
Russian offer, ill-timed as it is,
reflects an opportunity to move
ahead now toward a stop to the
further explosion of hydrogen
bombs.
"In either event, there seems to
be only one course to follow. That
is to pursue this opening immedi-
ately and all the way. I think we
should do whatever is necessary
either to close this vital matter
here and now, or to expose Mr.
Bulganin's insincerity to the
world."
Stevenson's press secretary,
Clayton Fritchey, gave newsmen
some newspaper and magazine
clippings to support Stevenson's
statement that Bulganin expressed
hope last year at the Geneva con-
ference that President Eisenhower
would run for re-election, and that
"more recently other Russian lead-
ers have said they favored Eisen-
hower for president."

WLADYSLAW GOMULKA
. . . new party chief

Pole Group
UresHelp
WASHINGTON (A)-A group of
10 Polish-American leaders urged
the Eisenhower Administration
yesterday to offer food and tech-
nical aid to the Polish government
to encourage a drive for inde-
pendence from Moscow.
The group laid this appeal be-
fore Secretary of State John Foster
Dulles during a 45-minute meeting
at the department.
Afterward, Charles Rozmarek of
Chicago, acting as spokesman,
said they also appealed for the
United States to "press immedia-
tely before the United Nations"
for complete withdrawal of Soviet
troops from Poland.
Rozmarek, who is president of
the Polish-American Congress, re-
ported Dulles was "very sympa-
thetic" toward the suggestions.
Swinton Dies
In Indonesia
Prof. Roy S. Swinton of the en-
gineering college died of a heart
attack Saturday in Jakarata, In-
donesia.
Serving as a member of the
University faculty 40 years, Prof.
Swinton was a survivor of three
years in a Japanese prison camp
during World War II.
He was in Indonesia as a mem-
ber of a University of Kentucky
team working on the reorganiza-
tion of the University of Indo-
nesia and had arrvied there only
a few days before his death.
Prof. Swinton served on the
faculty of the University of the
Philippines in 1940, advising on
the installation of a new mech-
anics and hydraulics laboratory.
He was also in charge of con-
struction foundations of the Lin-
coln Memorial, and helped lay
out the plans for the Arlington
National Cemetery in Washing-
ton.
Prof. Swinton was 70 years old
at the time of his death.
,s Advocates
Roosevelt and Truman started in
the field of civil rights," Powell
told the audience, "that Eisen-
lower didn't finish." He credited
the President with ending segre-
gation in veteran's hospitals, in
Navy shipyards and Army base
schools in the South.
He 'also praised the appoint-
ment of Negroes to "front door"
White House posts, commenting
that previously Negroes were em-
ployed in the White House only
as servants and messengers.
End of Segregation
But he reserved heaviest praise
for ending "the cesspool of Amer-
ican democracy," segregation in

in a few days.
Rokossovsky, Polish-born Soviet
marshal, was installed by Stalin in
the Warsaw post.
Like the resounding shakeup in
the Polish party which gave the
reins' to tough, anti-Stalinist
Wladyslaw Gomulka, the govern-
ment reshuffle will have echoes in
Moscow. The Kremlin reaction
may already be taking shape.
Warsaw informants within the
IUnited Workers Communist party
offered this analysis of the effects
in Moscow of the Warsaw revolt:
'The Three M's'
A triumvirate of the "three M's"
-Deputy Premiers V. M. Molotov,
A. I. Mikoyan and Ge'orgi Malen-
kov-have joined in a move, to
eject Khrushchev as first secretary
boss of the Soviet party.
The three are said to regard him
as bungling, over-impetuous and
loose-tongued, and to fear such
tendencies could bring disaster on
the Soviet world position and the
Communist cause.
The violence of Khrushchev's
denunciation of Stalin at the 20th
Soviet party congress in February
is believed to have speeded up the
movement toward independence
from Moscow which erupted in
Poland in the past week and which
threatens now to break out in
Hungary.
Broader Opposition
If the three "M's" are lined in
a common purpose, it would indi-
cate the opposition to Khrushchev
in Moscow cuts across lines of
political thinking inside the party
and thus is a broader opposition
than was previously supposed.
Whatever the reaction in the
Kremlin, the idea of independence
from Moscow seemed extremely
popular in Warsaw. Demonstra-
tions of support for Gomulka, once
jailed as a Titoist and traitor to
Moscow, hailed the 51-year-old
leader's policy of "socialism with
freedom."
'March With the Nation'
Students paraded through War-
scaw with banners reading:
"Polish-Soviet relations must be
based on equality!"
"Our soldiers will march with
the nation!"
The latter indicated the feeling
prevalent that, so far as Moscow
was concerned, the rank and file
of the army was unreliable, though
it is commanded by a Soviet mar-
shal.
Rokossovsky - sent into Poland
in 1949 by Stalin to be defense
minister just as Gomulka and his
group were being pushed aside-
was ejected from the ruling Polish
party Politburo Sunday night.
In the shakeup, Gomulka was
surrounded by a nine-member
Politburo of men favoring his de-
mand for independence from
Soviet political controls, though all
were pledged to continued Com-
munist government.
Intended Pressure
Gomulka became first secretary
of the party, the key post, after a
three-day meeting of the central
committee marked by a sudden
visit by Khrushchev and other top
leaders of the Soviet party hier-
archy intent on exerting pressure
to keep pro-Soviet Communists in
places of power in Poland.
But the Communist reaction in
Warsaw to an expression of sym-
pathy from President Dwight D.
Eisenhower seemed cool. The offi-
cial party paper, Trybuna Ludu,
said:
No New Orientation
"If anybody is naive enough to

Editor Says
Italian Reds
In Stalemate
By VERNON NAHRGANG
The Editor of the British publi-
cation "The 'World Today" said
yesterday the Communist Party
in Italy has been unable to gain
further power in spite of its size'
and promises of greater land re-
form.
Speaking at the fall meeting of
the Political Science Round Table,
Muriel Grindrod examined the
political situation in Italy since the
end of World War II.
In answer to a question about
recent events in Poland, Mrs.
Grindrod said the Italian people
would be "watching with interest"
any falling-out within the Com-
munist Party in other countries.
Most powerful of the numerous
Italian parties, Mrs. Grindrod ex-
plained, is the center group, led
by the Christian Democrats and
controlling half of the total votes.
Also powerful is the left wing,
led by the Communists and one of
the Socialist Parties, controlling
a third of the votes.
Holding the final sixth of the
votes is the minor right wing, led
by the Monarchist Party and the
Fascists.
"This struggle between the ex-
tremes," Mrs. Grindrod said,, epit-
omizes the history of Italy since
the war."
A major problem Italy had to
cope with, she said, was the div-
ision of the country between north
and south.
The Communist Party, she main-
tained, was clever in taking its
beliefs into the south. "They saw
their great opportunity. Among the
peasants Communists had a clear
way."
Mrs. Grindrod told how the Cen-
ter parties, in power, attacked the

'PRISONER OF PALACE GUARD:'
'Powell Says Adlai Avoids Civil Right

From the Stronghenge circle
Aided by the witches cauldron
Mystic plans were brewed in,
darkness.
Many twigs were examined
Many rocks were overturned
Subjected to heat from blazing
torches
Observed by men of knowledge
and magic.
Those decayed, were burned and-
destroyed.
Finally from the murky grove
From the cave where Fingal per-

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ROCK SPRINGS, Wyo. - Sen.
Estes Kefauver said yesterday the
Democrats assume the political
risk, "whatever the risk may be,"
of going along with the Russians
or any other atomic power on
ending H-bomb testing.
His statement was made to
newsmen after he charged Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower with
giving a "stubborn, peevish re-
sponse" to Soviet Premier Niko-
lai Bulganin's offer to negotiate
a halt to nuclear bomb testing.
Students To Debate
Four University graduate stu-

By PETER ECKSTEIN
Rep. Adam Clayton Powell,
Harlem Democrat, told a Willow
Village audience Sunday that Ad-
lai Stevenson "is the prisoner of
a palace guard consisting of East-
land of Mississippi, Talmadge of
Georgia and Long of Louisiana."
Powell, who is backing Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower for
re-election, told a largely Negro
audience that he had unsuccess-
fully tried to see Stevenson seven
times before the Oct. 11 White
House conference which culmin-
ated in his endorsement of the
President.
"Q-yavrn wan't ino tn Ms

of men from New York, New
Hampshire and Massachusetts.
As he leaned against a table,I
arms crossed and legs folded,
Powell refused to let his constant
gum chewing interfere with a
steady flow of heated words. The
crowd of nearly one-hundred,
many of whom had waited more
than two hours as the Congress-
man's plane was delayed by fog,
cheered enthusiastically at al-
most every sentence.
Powell maintained he doesn't
"intend to be anything other than
a Democrat" and emphasized his
point by endorsing Gov. G. Men--
nen Williams for "a mighty fine
record in the field of civil rights."

which refuse to integrate - Pow-
ell said he would introduce a
school bill of his own with the
provisions of the amendment in-
corporated.
In discussing his bill at Willow
Village, Powell described the Pres-
ident's reaction: "He looked on
it with favor and it is being stu-
died now by his staff. You should
have seen the look on his face.
I can't quote him, but you wait
and see what happens when the
bill is introduced."
Predicts Negro Shift
Powell predicted a large swing
toward the President among Ne-
gro voters, who have been pre-
ponderantly Democratic in re-

-Daily-John Hirtzel
MURIEL GRINDROD
...speaks on Italy
south's problems with land reform
and advance against unemploy-
ment.
Large estates, she explained,
were divided up and doled out by
lottery to those persons who had
no means of subsistence. Further-
more, technicians were brought
from the north .and housing pro.
jects have been started.
Five Billion Dollars
WASHINGTON - The govern-
ment reported yesterday that all
types of U.S. foreign aid, includ-
ing military supplies and services,
exceeded five billion dollars in the
fiscal year ending last June 30.
It was 280 million dollars, or 6
per cent, greater than in the pre-
vious fiscal year. The rise was the

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