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October 20, 1956 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1956-10-20

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Sixty-Seventh Year

"Gosh, What A Frightening Creature!"

- a
"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printWd in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
Stevenson's H-Bomb Proposal
Has Many Merits, Few Drawbacks

Carvallo Provides
Weak DAC Openin~g
THE Dramatic Arts Center began its third season last night with a
rather weak production of Denis Cannan's "Captain Carvallo." The
weakness, if one should wish to assign responsibility, rests partly with
Director 'Joseph Gistirak and his uneven cast who rely on slapstick
to carry this program, but largely with the play itself, which is a
somewhat tedious thing.
"Captain Carvallo" is basically a series of jokes about sex, religion
and war. The ambitious program notes tell us that Playwright Cannan
has elements of Eliot, Shaw, Moliere and Aristophanes - not to men-
tion Carroll and O'Casey. At the expense of being pedantic, one might
point out that it has mostly elements of Ben Johnson -- just that
kind of disorganized organization and that preoccupation with topical-

ADLAI STEVENSON'S promise to end H-bomb
tests if -elected has provided an otherwise
dull campaign with a major issue.
Stevenson's proposal, proferred tentatively
since last April, has finally been seriously con- "
sidered. Scientific, public and political response
has been favorable; the main opposition comes
from the Administration.
Speaking pragmatically, the proposal had
many merits and few drawbacks.
Asia, long' convinced that it would be the
target of an atomic war, would welcome such a
measure. If Russia refused outright to end
tests, her stock in that area would dwindle
On the other hand, if Russia agreed and
then conducted secret tests, seismograph read-
ings in Japan and air pollution counts would
reveal her double-dealing. The agreement would
be substantially self-enforcing - no country
intent on building prestige could risk public
exposure on an issue so crucial as The Bomb.
TWO ARGUMENTS advanced against the
proposal are the possible production of a
"clean" bomb and developments in atomic de-
fense. As far as most laymen have been able
to determine, a "clean" bomb (one with a mini-
mum of fallout) would be one exploded in the
atmosphere above a military installation, de-
creasing the amount of radioactive dust usually
stirred up by a ground explosion. If this is so,
no further detonations of The Bomb itself are
necessary; the problem is one of timing devices.
The best defense weapons are long-range and,
current proposals revolve around interceptor
missiles, which could easily be tested with
"dummy" bombs.
President Eisenhower has promised to release
a full history of The Bomb early next week,
in an effort to show the American people that
Stevenson's plan is indeed "wicked nonsense."
Yet Stevenson has, never suggested that the
Government stop research, development or
stockpiling of its weapons; research could pro-
ceed as usual, with tentative tests planned.
In case the Soviets renege, a minimum of time
would be lost.
The presidential candidate has also intimated
that his proposal is not inflexible. If facts not
now available to him indicated that cessation
of hydrogen explosions would be disastrous, he
would very likely change his views accordingly.
The President's report next week may possibly,
alter the situation. If it does, the weighing and
balancing will lie with Stevenson.;
But, until the report is released, other con-;
siderations are paramount.
THE MONSTROUS results of radioactive fall-;
out on future generations are something;
scientists have been screaming about for years.7
Unfortunately, their opinions are published in
scientific journals which rarely get into the
hands of the general public.

Nobel-prizewinning geneticist Hermann Mul-
ler has advanced serious and well-founded evi-
dence concerning the effects of radiation upon
mutation rates. Slow gene mutations are nor-
mal; exposure to excessive radiation ups muta-
tions enormously, increasing chances of physi-
cal and mental deformity correspondingly.
Admittedly, increased mutation rates will have
little effect for a generation or two, but are we
to foist off our blunders on our great-grand-
Even if, as the National Academy of Sciences
contends, our present detonations could be
continued for thirty years without genetic harm,
should we assume that thirty years from now
mankind will have come such a long way that
once the danger point is reached, all tests
would cease? It would seem that responsibility
for the welfare of future generations lies with
the present one.
EVEN IF this generation refuses to consider
its descendants, there is a new and more
immediate danger from radiation. In the Octo-
ber issue of the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists,
atomic physicist Ralph Lapp warned of the
effects of Strontium-90, one of the most
plentiful elements in a fission fireball, which
can cause bone cancer.
In circling the globe for five to ten years,
Strontium-90 falls out at the rate of ten to
twenty per cent each year. Deposited on pas-
tures, it is eaten by dairy cows and is passed to
human bones through milk. Bombs totalling
260 megatons (one megaton equals one million
tons of TNT) will take us to the Maximum
Permissible Concentration, says Dr. Lapp.
Already, the U.S. and Russia have exploeded
forty megatons. Twenty megatons is considered
a "normal" bomb, and the Air Force has dis-
cussed testing a 50 megaton one. Thus, thirteen
"normal" bombs or five "big" bombs will equal
MPC and a higher incidence of bone cancer, to
which children are more susceptible than
In wartime, Dr. Lapp estimates that military
leaders would set the safety level fifty times
higher than in peacetime. The result: bone
cancer for millions of non-combatants, in our
times, not thirty or fifty or one hundred years
from now.
THE QUESTION of how many bombs can be
safely exploded is not, as the AEC's Gioac-
chini Failla put it, irrelevant.
Wednesday, Soviet UN delegate Arkady A.
Sobolef said the Soviet Union was ready to
agree on an immediate, unconditional halt to
the test explosions of nuclear weapons. It
seems that Russia may be in agreement with
Stevenson's statement: "In this nuclear age,
peace is no longer merely a visionary ideal, it
has become an urgent and practical necessity."
As candidate Stevenson also said: "What are
we waiting for?"

Ms9rC -nW W4AS049r pJ POSr to.


Los Angeles-In the entire length
and breadth of the USA there
is probably no more fascinating
race for Congress than that be-
tween India-born Judge D. S.
Saund and glamor millionairess-
aviatrix-cold cream manufacturer
Jacqueline Cochran Odlum.
Down in California's Imperial
Valley, which extends from near
the sprawled-out suburbs of Los
Angeles to the Mexican border,
these two candidates, as unlike as
any in the United States, are bat-
tling it out to see which shall
represent California's 29th dis-
Judge Saund, born of bearded
Sikh parents in the Punjab, came
to the United States 35 years ago,
won a Ph.D. in mathematics at the
University of Southern California,
became a small businessman in
Riverside, Calif., and finally be-
came an American citizen after
Congress passed a law permitting
the naturalization of Hindus.
Despite this late start in citizen-
ship, his neighbors elected him a
local judge, and more recently he
defeated Carl Kegley in the Demo-
cratic primary for Congress. It
was a primary in which Kegley
raked up enough money from vari-
ous sources to run full-page ads
attacking Judge Saund--some of
the ads in such bad taste 'that
newspapers refused to use them.
Judge Saund spent little money,
won easily.
* * *
JACKIE COCHRAN, in contrast,
spent more money in her Republi-
can primary than any of the 72
other California candidates for
Congress--recorded $58,000. Run-
ning against five Republicans
Jackie barely nosed out ,her chief
opponent, Fred Eldridge, by 1,500

in a race so full of smears that
, Eldridge's campaign manager is
now supporting Judge Saund.
Today Jackie flits around the
cotton and date ranches of South-
ern California piloting her own
Lockheed Lodestar, shaking some
40,000 hands, and changing her
clothes three and four times a
day in the sweaty heat of the Im-
perial Valley.
Though Jackie now lives in one
of the swankiest ranch houses in
Southern California and is mar-
ried to Floyd Odlum with his At-
las Corporation millions, she was
born with no silver spoon in her
mouth. Like Judge Saund, she
came up the hard way.
An orphan, she worked in a
Pensacola, Fla., beauty shop, dated
naval fliers, learned about fly-
ing, organized the World War II
Wasps and got stung by some of
her own girl fliers, but became the
darling of brass-hat bosses of the
air corps. Since the war, the late
Gen. Hoyt Vandenberg, Air Force
Chief of Staff, entrusted Jackie
with the job of sprucing up the
supposedly sagging smartness of
Air Force women.
husband, one of the wealthiest cor-
poration manipulators in the busi-
ness, has come into her political
picture. To some extent he is run-
ning too-inevitable when Jackie's
activities have been so intermixed
with her husband's.
It was partly through Jackie
and the Air Force brass that Od-
lum and his consolidated Vultee
copped off one of the biggest Air
Force contracts, notably that for
the B-36. It was the Navy's op-
position to the B-36 and the rum-
pus raised by Adm. Arthur Rad-

ford, who at that time did not be-
lieve in inter-service harmony,
which caused a Congressional
probe of the B-36 and Secretary
S t u a r t Symington's friendship
with Mr. and Mrs. Odlum.
* * *
JACKIE LED with her chin and
got her husband even more in-
volved when she opposed rigid
price supports for farmers. Im-
mediately, Judge Saund pointed
cut that no man in America prof-
ited more from guaranteed price
supports than his opponent's hus-
band, known on Wall Street as
the "Uranium King" for Floyd
Odlum owns the biggest uranium
producing companies in Ameri-
ca, and already uranium interests
are demanding a continuation of
the government price support on
uranium beyond 1962, when it ex-
Odlum's far-flung uranium em-
pire includes the Wasatch Corp.,
Albuquerque Association Oil, The
Hidden Splendor Mining Co.. The
San Diego Corp., and Airfleets,
Inc. All either hold uranium se-
curities or have uranium proper-
ties leased. Recently the SEC gave
Odlum permission to merge RKO
pictures with these five corpora-
tions. His Atlas Corporation also
owns or controls the Babb Co.,
dealers in used aircraft; Titeflex,
which makes airplane parts; and
Northeast Airlines, of which Jack-
ie Odlum is a director.
Celebrity-conscious Californians
galore have climbed aboard Jack-
ie's glittering bandwagon. Wheth-
er they will vote for her on No-
vember 6 remains a question. Many
are delighted to shake her hand,
but perhaps more are swayed by
the plodding neighborliness of
Judge Saund.
(Copyright 1956 by Bell syndicate, Inc.)

ity and verbal wit.
But it takes rare genius for any-
one to tell jokes continuously for
two hours and keep an audience
amused-and Mr. Cannan does not
have that kind of genius. Some of
his jokes are very funny, and dur-
ing the second half of the first act,
after a terribly labored beginning,
it comes to life, but dies during
the second and third acts.
THE PLOT is one of those mis-
taken identity pieces that delight
people who are consciously aware
of dramatic irony. Caspar Darde
(John MacKay) has changed
clothes with a biology professor
(Ralph Drischell) and gone off
to perform a secret spy mission.
The professor drops in on Darde's
wife, Smilja (Audrey Ward), be-
cause he is supposed to meet an-
other conspirator there, a gentle-
man called The Baron (Henry J.
But who should chance to stop
for accomodations, but enemy
Captain Carvallo (David Metcalf)
and his aide, Private Gross (James
E: Broadhead). Obviously, the pro-
fessor will have to pretend he's
Smilja's husband; obviously the
captain will want to seduce Smil-
ja; obviously Caspar will return
home to find his wife in another
man's arms - "Captain Carvallo"
is very obvious.
Since this plot has been around
for several centuries, one must rely
on Cannan's wit, which, too, is ob-
* * s
to prove himself the most consis-
tently good performer the DAC has
presented. He has about him a
continuous air of professionalism
that other players achieve only
spasmodically. In "Captain Car-
vallo" he is given a great deal of
burlesque that is quite beneath his
fine comic talents, but it is large-
ly Drischell who achieves what
merit there is in this performance.
Audrey Ward as Smilja is one of
those wooden-faced actresses who
mistake a lack of facial expression
for subtlety. Most of the time this
simply does not work in "Captain
Carvallo," but in one magnificent
scene in which she attempts to se-
duce the captain with the aid of
a flower, she is really remarkable.
David Metcalf brings to his in-
terpretation of Carvallo only the
ego, self-glorification, self-love
and exclusive self-interest. Since
Smilja accuses him of these quali-
ties near the play's end, Director
Gistirak has obviously conceived
Carvallo in this manner, but a
little more shading is possible in
the part.
Nell Burnside as a maid, James
E. Broadhead and John MacKay
add very little, but their parts are
somewhat insignificant. Henry J.
Owens plays The Baron as a buf-
foon, a kind of doddering idiot:
it is neither very amusing nor
very complimentary to the pro-
"Captain Carvallo" is not a suc-
cess, but then, the DAC has not
chosen its opening play very
-Ernest Theodossin

The Daily Official Bulletin is an of-
fcial publication of the University of
Michigan for which the Michigan Daily
assumes no editorial responsibility. No-
tices should be sent in TYPEWRITTEN
form to Room 3553 Administration
Building before,2 p.m. the day preced-
ing publication.
General Notices
Meeting of the University Faculty and
Staff. General staff meeting at 4:15
p.m. Mon., Oct. 22, In Rackham Lec-
ture Hall. President Hatcher and the
vice-Presidents will discuss the state
of the University. Certificates will be
presented to the recipients of the Dis-
tinguished Faculty Achievement Award.
All members of the University staff,
academic and non-academic, are in-
All students planning to reapply fot
Fulbright Grants in the 1957-58 compe-
tition should check with the Fellow-
ship Clerksinthe Graduate School as
soon as possible.
A 12-hour course in programming for
the IBM 650 Computer will be held be-
ginning Oct. 29. Tentative times for
the. course are Mon., Wed., and Fri,
from 4-6 p.m. during the weeks begin-
ning Oct. 29 and Nov. 5.~Please call
Mrs. Brando at extension 2942 or 212
for reservations.
Political Science Round Table monthly
meeting Mon., Oct. 22 at 8 p.m. in the
Rackham Assembly Hall. Muriel Grind-
rod will speak on "The Rebuilding of
Italy: Democracy's Struggle Against Left
and Right Extremism."
University Lecture. J. D. Ovington,
Nature Conservancy, London, England,
"Forest Environment and Growth In
British Forest Plantations." 4:15 p.m.
Tues., Oct. 23 in Rackham Amphithe-
ater.Auspices of the School of Natural
Resources and Department of Botany.
Open to the general public.
Concert. The Berlin Philharmonic Or-
chestra, Herbert voi Karajan, conduc-
tor, in its second American tour, will
be heard in th third concert in the
Choral Union Series, Sun., Oct. 21, at
8:30 p.m. in Hill Auditorium.
Academic Notices
Engineers: "Equipment Problems in
Future Aircraft" will be discussed by
Charles G. Smith, chief of preliminary
design for mechanical equipment, of
the Boeing Airplane Company, at a
meeting sponsored by the Engineering
Placement Office and open to all en-
gineering students. Mon., Oct. 22, 5:00
p.m., Room 1042, E. Engineering Bdg.
Placement Notices
Representatives from the following
will be at the Engrg. School:
Mon., Oct. 22
Otis Elevator Co., Detroit, Mich.-all
levels in Civil, Elect., Mech., Engrg.,
Mech., and Bus. Ad., for Construction
and Sales. U.S. citizens.
Wed., Oct. 24
Wyman-Gordon Co., Worhester, Mass.
-all levels in ,Ch. E., Mech., Engrg.
Mech., and Metal, for Summer and Reg-
ular Research, Devel., Design, Produc-
tion, Sales and Lab.
Thurs. & Fri., Oct. 25 & 26
Monsanto Chem. Co., St. Louis, Mo.-
all levels in Ch. E., B.S. or M.S. in Mech.
for Research, Devel., Design, Production,
Constru., and Sales. -
Fri., Oct. 26
Pillsbury Mills, Inc., Minneapolis,
Minn. - B.S. in Ch. E., Ind., and Math.
for Research and Production.
Fansteel Metallurgical Corp., North
Chicago, Ill. - B.S. or M.S. in Ch. E.,
Elect., and Metal.; B.S. in Mech. and
Physics for Research, Devel., and De
sign. U.S. citizen.
The Atlantic Refining Co., Philadel-
phia, Pa. - B.S. & M.S. in Ch. E., Math.,
Mech. and Sanitary for Summer and
Regular Devel., Design, and Process

Gardner Board & Carton Co., Middle-
town, Ohio - all levels in Ch. E., Ind.,
Instru., Math., Physics; B.S. & M.S. in
Elect, and Mech. for Summer and Regu-
lar Research, Devei. Design, and Pro-
National Security Agency, Washing-
ton, D.C. - all levels in Elect., Ind.,
Instru., Math., Mech., Eng. Mech., Phy-
sics and Science for Summer and Regu-
lar Research, Development, Design, and
Evaluation Engineering. American born
U.S. citizens.
The Tappan Stove Co., Mansfield,
Ohio - all levels in all programs in-
terested for Devel., Design, and Produc-
For further information and appoint-
ments contact the Engrg. Placement
Office, 347 W. E., Ext. 2182.
Representatives from the following
Representatives from the following
will be at the Bureau of Appointments:




Obligation to United Fund

THE GOAL is $306,210.
This fall has brought an innovation to Ann
Arbor fund raising. For the first time the
Community Chest, the Red Cross and the Mich-
igan United Vund have co solidated their ef-
forts into one big -drive. Only one contribution
will take care of all three organizations this
As members of the University community
we constitute a large portion of Ann Arbor,
and have some obligation in helping the Ann
Arbor United Fund reach its goal.
The quota for the University has been set at
$48,000. With the drive now more than halfway
completed, only $6,000 has been collected, a
rather -poor showing for an institution of this
The campus drive has been oriented toward
the 8,500 faculty members and employes on
the University payroll. Each has been offered
the opportunity to contribute. Presently, ap-
proximately 71 cents pernpersonrhas been
donated. As citizens of Ann Arbor, a little

more civic responsibility would be in order.
ON THE STUDENT SIDE, the fraternities and
sororities have all been approached for con-
In last year's Community Chest drive, 25
student contributions produced the astounding
total of $131.82. This is a deplorable record in
view of the 20,000 students enrolled here.
As college students we ought to accept some
responsibility and demonstrate some measure of
social maturity. Saying that parents give no
longer is a valid excuse for the student.
Last year, the University proposed consoli-
dating the various campus drives with Ann
Arbor United Fund. It would, therefore, seem
that a serious attempt at 100 per cent student
participation is not asking too much and would
certainly put the campus in a better light in
Ann Arbor,
$6,000 is a long way from $306,210. It is
time to take civic responsibility more seriously.

Titoism and Stalinistic Russian Imperialism

Satellites Not Moving to West

Associated Press News Analyst
THE WEST needn't get too excited over indi-
cations that trouble for Russia is growing
among her Eastern European satellites.
Even if Poland or any of the others should
be able to attain Tito-like independence, they
would not be heading toward the West or to-
ward democracy as the West knows it.
After 10 years in which their economies have
been oriented toward Russia, and with their
armies depending heavily on Russian equip-
ment, they would remain in the Russian orbit,
In some of them, Slav ties have always been

Yugoslavia was a full-fledged member of
the Russian bloc for only a brief time, yet the
strong pull of Russian influence has been dem-
onstrated through Tito's agreement to closer
relations despite his insistence on political inde-
THERE ARE INDICATIONS of a reaction in
the Kremlin against the lengths to which
the independence movement is going since
Khrushchev announced the policy of "equality."
Khrushchev's visit to Warsaw means con-
siderable agitation. The underground cry of
"Russia, get out" has come above ground.
Economic difficulties have convinced even
Polish Communist leaders that certain aspects
of economic communism will not work therie

Aid to Yugoslavia has been
United States policy for about
eight years, since 1948 when the
great break occurred between Sta-
lin and Tito. The aid has been giv-
en in order to help Tito maintain
his independence and there is ev-
ery reason to think, as the Presi-
dent declared on Monday, that
the policy has been successful.
To be sure, we are not well in-
formed about what has been go-
ing on recently during Khrush-
chev's visit to Belgrade and Tito's
return visit to Yalta. But there is
much objective evidence which
goes to show that the essential
principle of Titoism, which is na-
tional independence from the dic-
tation of Moscow, is not only
strong in Yugoslavia but is spread-
ing in the satellite orbit, especially
in Poland and in Hungary.
WHAT WE ARE seeing is a
growing separation between Com-
munism-as an ideology, a secu-
lar religion, and a social move-

my reached that line, he installed
Communist governments on his
side of the line. But there is ev-
ery reason to suppose that his pri-
mary object was to found a Sov-
iet empire, using the Communist
ideology as one of the ways of
binding the empire together.
In Stalin's time, moreover, the
Communist parties in the outer
world, in Italy and in France no-
toriously, were used not so much
to advance Communism in their
own countries as to serve the in-
terests of the Soviet Union.
THE HISTORIC importance of
Titoism is that it has been a re-
bellion against Moscow's use of
Communism as an instrument of
Russian imperialism. From the
end of the World War until Tito's
quarrel with Stalin, the Soviet
Union treated Yugoslavia as, in
the old days, the empires used to
treat their colonies: as countries
which were not to be developed for
their own advantage but were to
be exploited for the advantage of
the imperial power.

About the application of this
principle, there is, it would seem,
still much argument. For there
must be very considerable anxiety
in Moscow, not only among the
Communist Old Guard but perhaps
also in the army, at the rapidity
with which in Poland the ardent
vigorous nationalism of. the Poles
is breakingout all over the place.
WE MAY REGARD Titoism as
the counterpart within the Com-
munist world-the world between
the Elbe and the Pacific-of the
national uprisings which in the
non-Communist world extend from
Morocco to Indonesia. Titoism is
the anti-colonialism, the anti-im-
perialism, of the Communists.
Moscow may be able to restrain it,
here and there to set it back. But
there is every reason to suppose
that in Titoism, with its national
autonomy, rather than in Stalin-
ism, which is a form of Russian
Imperialism, lies the future of the
worldwide Communist movements.
This will pose, indeed it is al-

er. There is already much evi-
dence of this change. This does not
mean that there is going to be
agreement, much less that the So-
viet government will give up its
Russian objectives-to exclude us
from the Far East, to establish
herself in the Middle East, to push
back or to liquidate ttie Atlantic
alliance. What it means is that
the Soviet government will be
playing the game of power poli-
tics in the conventional way, be-
ing able to count less than it did
under Stalin on the local Commu-
nist parties.
* * *
THIS DOES NOT promise in-
ternational harmony. But it will
better than what we faced when
Communism and Russian power
were one and the same thing.
On the other hand, in the under-
developed countries we must ex-
pect the Titoist Communist par-
ties to have a much greater popu-
lar appeal than the Stalinist par-
ties. Communism as a means of
social revolution and reconstruc-

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