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October 18, 1956 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1956-10-18

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See Page 4


Latest Deadline in the State





Nixon Hits
SPlanTo End
Bomb Tests
Sees 'Flaw' in Adlai's
Proposal; Defends
Administration Stand
Daily Editor
,pecia To The Daily
hACA, N. Y. - Russia might
surge more than a year ahead of
this country in nuclear advances
if the United States were to adopt
Adla Stevenson's proposals to end
) H - Bomb , tests, Vice - President
Richard M. Nixon said here last
Answering questions from 40
college newspaper editors from 15
states, Vice-President Nixon said
the "flaw" in the Stevenson pro-
posal was that scientists do not
know if it is possible to detect ex-
perimental explosions of small H-
Bomb components.
Nixon Takes Stands
On a nationally-televised press
conference the Vice-President also
} defended President Dwight D.
E i s e n h o w e r's administration's
stand on civil bights, supported~
continuation of the military draft,
and spoke against admission of
Red China to the United Nations.
In reply to a question regarding
favorable comment from scientisis
on the proposal to end H-Bomb
tests, Vice-President Nixonisaid,
"wil many well - intentioned,
t thoughtful people were impressed
with Stevenson's proposal, there
is no provision for inspection to see
that any agreement between Rus-
sia and the United States could be
carried out."
The Vice-President said that
while it is possible to detect
throughout the world the explos-
los of a whole bomb, scientists are
not certain if the components of
a bomb may be under test in
other parts of the world.
Year's Preparation
"The last H-Bomb we exploded
took more than a year to prepare
for. You cannot have research
without testing. The Russians
would be more than a year ahead
of us," Vice-President Nixon main-
-During the last four years, the
Vice-President claimed, the gov-
ernment has succeeded in lessen-
ing bias in the nation's capital,
made progress toward ending seg-
regation in thewarmed forces, and
instituted fair employment prac-
tices in industries with govern-
ment contracts.
Court Enforcement
Vice-President Nixon stressed
that the supreme court segregation
ruling must be first enforced by
local governments. He said the
federal government does not have
the right to interfere in the af-
fairs of a state unless the state
fails in carrying out the law of the
Commenting on Stevenson's pro-
posal to end the draft as soon as
possible, the Vice-President said,
"you cannot get rid of the draft
and still protect the security of
the country."
Citing United States exortation
ofother countries to increase their
mil man-power preparedness,
he said, "This suggestion would
have a disastrous effect on our
friends abroad."
Against Admission
Vice-President Nixon stood firm
against the admission of Red
China to the UN. Should Red
China be admitted, he said, "The
UN would be morally destroyed."
Vice-President Nixon spoke be-
fore a capacity crowd of more

than 1700 students in Cornell Uni-
versity's Bailey Hall. Though mem-
bers of the professional working
press were in attendance, ques-
tions were limited to the college
editors meeting in Ithaca espec-
ially for the occasion.
Following the evening press con-
ference the Nixon entourrage left
for Providence, RI., for a New
England tour.
Musket Given
Tour Offer
An invitation to make 'a USO-
sponsored tour of armed services
bases in the Far East has been ex-
tended the 1956 MUSKET (Men's
Union Show, Ko-Eds, Too) pro-
Under consideration by MUS-
KET committee chairmen, the
tour would be made free from

Adlai Hits Nixon
In Speech at Flint'
Stevenson Claims His Re-election
Would Leave Nation 'Uninsured'
Specia. to The Daily
FLINT - Adlai E. Stevenson last night called the Vice-Presidency
"this nation's life insurance policy" and declared Richard M. Nixon's
re-election would leave it "uninsured."
The American people "are going to read the fine print," Steven-
son added.
He largely ignored the President but devoted most of his address
in this industrial city to a full-scale attack on the Vice-President.
Nixon Master of Personal Innuendo
Stevenson called him "a man whose greatest political talent is
a mastery of personal innuendo, who cries 'treason' and spreads fear
- and doubt, a man who uses lan-
guage to conceal issues rather than
-y 6 explore them, a man whose trade-
mark is slander."
e The Democratic nominee des-
cribed the Presidency as "preem-
inently a place of moral leader-
ship," and said "it is impossible
to think" of Vice-President Nixon-
P o l R et as fulfilling that role.
Stevenson told the several thou-.
By ALLAN STILLWAGON sand enthusiastic people assembled
A more extensively r a n d o m in Flint's Industrial Mutual As-
sample in the recent Daily voting sociation Auditorium that the
survey would probably notihave Vice-President "will, three weeks
altered the two-to-one majority from yesterday - win or lose -
favoring President Dwight D. Eis- take over the leadership of the
ensower, Prof. Angus Campbell of Republican Party."
the sociology and psychology de- Mention of Health
partments said yesterday. The only direct reference to the
Prof. Campbell, director of the President's health, however, came
University's Survey R e s e a r c h in a section of Stevenson's pre-
Bureau, was "not at all surprised" pared text which was deleted at
at the overwhelming preference of delivery time.
the Republican candidate. He said the nation had hoped
"The young vote tends to be an Indian Prime Minister Jahwral
apathetic one," he said. "The col- Nehru's planned visit to this coun-
lege student tends to reflect his try "would repair the very great
parents' voting preference." and dangerous strain which has
Preference Expected been placed on this country's re-
Since the parents of students are lations with India. The President's
most often those from higher in- health made it necessary to can-
come groups, he continued, a Re- cel this visit."
publican preference would be ex- In his delivered speech, Steven-
pected. son developed the theme around
Commentipg on the population Vice-President Nixon again, re-
polled, Prof. Campbell noted that ferring to the Vice-President's
new voters "are one of the poorest trip to India.-
voting groups we have." Result: Quarrel
The "coming of age vote, he "The net result of Mr. Nixon's
said, "usually has a very low turn- trip was that he got himself em-
out, with the peak voting level broiled in a public quarrel with
coming at about age 35. Prime Minister Nehru," he said,
Europeans Struck With world peace "delicate and
"Europeans are always struck by uneasy we cannot have in high
the fact that we in the United places men who talk loosely and
States don't have any active stu- irresponsibly in foreign countries.
dent political movements." "Nixon voted to deprive nearly
If the sample had been actually one-million workers of the protec-
random (which it was not, being tion of the minimum wage law, he
conducted among United States voted againt public housing,
Citizens living in Ann Arbor who against farm housing, against
filled out Student Directory cards) middle icome housing, against
a sampling error of around four public power and against the Rur-
or five percent could have been al Electrification program; he
anticipated, Prof. Campbell said. voted for the Taft-Hartley Act;
He indicated the poll was "prob- he voted against federal grants to
ably not far off," yet not large medical schools. And so on and
enough to make it entirely valid on."

SGC Gets
Of Wrona
Council Hears Letter;
Approves New Budget
Student Government Council
last night accepted the resignation
of Public Relations Chairman John
Wronaeresigned following his
being fined $21.25 in Municipal
Court Oct. 8 for scalping tickets
to the Michigan-Michigan State
He also announced his intention
to run for re-election in the coming
SGC election campaign.
Seat Vacant
A .motion was, passed holding
Wrona's seat vacant until the No-
vember election, while his Public
Relations chairmanship was dele-
gated by the council to Ron Shorr,
SGC President Bill Adams, '57
BAd, read a copy of the letter sent
to inform the National Council of
Sigma Kappa sorority and other
interested parties that the Coun-
cil would discuss the status of
Sigma Kappa's University chapter
on Dec. 5.
The letter reviewed the organi-
zation and authority of Student
Government Council in regard to
its recognition of student organi-
zations and invited clarification
and explanation of the sorority's
membership policies.
Budget Accepted
SGC also unanimously accepted
the Finance Committee's proposed
budget for the fiscal year Sept. 1,
1956-Sept. 1, 1957.
The budget expenditures total
$10,502.90, the largest shigle item
being a $2060 public relations ex-
pense, including $1300 for elec-
Atomic Power
Used As Fuel
I England
CALDER HALL, England ()-
Britain yesterday switched on
atomic power to cook the family
supper-and launched the second
industrial revolution. -
"We are present at the making
of history," said Queen Elizabeth
II as she moved a lever at the
world's first full-scale atomic
power plant.
The housewife in England's
north could not note the differ-
ence. But many a workman came
home yesterday to supper cooked
with electricity generated by uran-
ium fuel rods at Calder Hall.
The atom, with its awesome
meaning in war, now was tamely
producing steam which drove a
turbine generating electricity. Cal-
der Hall took its place as another
feeding station for the country's
electricity network.
The contribution to the network
was not large.
Calder Hall's production was 46
megawatts of the nation's 20,000
megawatts. By next March when
the second half of the power sta-
tion is completed, the continuous
output will be 90 megawatts. One
megawatt is 1 million watts.
Scientists forecast, however, that
by 1957 all new power stations in
Britain will be of the atomic type
instead of those using coal and

Russia Ready




Ike Orders
Case History
Of H-Bomb
Labels Stevenson's
Statements Incorrect
SEATTLE WA)-President Dwight
D. Eisenhower yesterday ordered a
complete history prepared on the
hydrogen bomb because he be-
lieves, an aide said, that Adlai
Stevenson has made "incorrect
statements" in his campaign
Presidential Press Secretary
James Hagerty told a news con-
ference the President reached the
decision early yesterday morning,
and that the statement of the ad-
ministration's views will be re-
leased in Washington next week.
Ike Speaks
President Eisenhower was in
Seattle for a speech yesterday in
his bid for Washington State's
nine electoral votes.
Stevenson, in the Democratic
campaign for the presidency, re-
peatedly has called for a halt in
the testing of superbombs.
Monday night in Chicago, he
said, "If elected president, I would
count it in the first order of busi-
ness" to consult with Great Britain
and Russia on how the atomic
tests could be stopped.
Ike Spoke
President Eisenhower told a
news conference in Washington
last week that he had spoken his
"last word" both on the H-bomb
and on the military draft.
But Stevenson's speech M9tonday
night changed the President's
"The President feels," Hagerty
said, "that since Mr. Stevenson
has raised this again, and in this
speech made what we believe to
be extraordinary statements, we
have asked our people in Washing-
ton to prepare a complete history
in this field."
Hagerty declined to say what
statements the President consid-
ered "extraordinary" or "incor-


Israel-A rab Tension
Mounts Over Jordan
JERUSALEM (-Premier David Ben-Gurion yesterday reaf-
firmed Israel's "freedom of action" if Iraqui troops move into Jordan.
Signs of a tense tug-of-war over the future of that desert king-
dom increased.
In Cairo, a friend of Egyptian President Gamal Nasser accused
Iraqi Premier Nuri Said of "engineering a plot" to extend the pro-
western, anti-Communist Baghdad Pact to Jordan and Syria and
eventually to overthrow the Egyptian government.
Survival Chances 'Slender'
The English-Language Jerusalem Post, which often reflects the
thinking of the Israeli government, said the chances of survival of

Jordan as an independent kingdom
were "very slender."
Ben-Gurion, summing up a two-
day foreign policy debate in Par-
liament, said Iraq's decision to
postpone sending army forces into
Jordan and other developments
along the tense Jordan-Israeli bor-
der the last two days were favor-'
At the end of his speech, Parlia-
ment voted 76-13 in favor of his
Other Developments
There were these other develop-
ments in the tangled Arab-Israeli
Britain warned Jordan, her
partner in a 20-year alliance, that
the British would not be dragged
automatically into war with Israel.
A London Foreign Office spokes-
man said Britain would have to
satisfy herself, Jordan was the in-
nocent victim of aggression before
carrying out the terms of the al-
At United Nations headquarters
in New York, Israel asked the Se-
curity Council to take up alleged
armistice and cease-fire violations
by Jordan.
Proposals Approved
An Israeli spokesman charged
that 37 Israelis have been killed
and 45 wounded along the Jordan
border since UN Secretary Gener-
al Dag Hammarskjold got a cease-
fire pledge last April.
Britain and the United States
have openly approved proposals
for King Faisal of Iraq to send
troops into the country of his
Hashemite cousin, King Hussein
of Jordan.


'To Continue
Our Nuclear
ator Estes Kefauver (D-Tenn.)
said yesterday the Democrats will
refuse to silence their proposals
for ending nuclear bomb tests de-
spite President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower's "truly astonishing efforts
to shut off discussion of the horror
which faces all mankind."
The vice-presidential candidates
said he and Adlai Stevenson, the
Democratic party standard bearer,
will "continue to speak out with
courage and conviction because we
know that we speak for all hu-
manity when we call for an end
to the macabre military race which
can only result in annihilation of
half the people on earth."
Rally Speech
In a speech at a rally at the
Springfield S h r i n e Auditorium,
Sen. Kefauver charged the Repub-
lican -administration with failure
to nail down peace by taking the
lead in efforts to obtain an inter-
national agreement to stop hydro-
gen bomb testing.
"Adlai Stevenson does not want,
and I do not want, the threat of
atomic war, to be a permament
condition of the life of mankind,"
he said.
Introduced Hill
Sen. Kefauver earlier in the day
at St. Louis introduced David Hill,
a physicist and old friend now as-
sociated with the atomic energy
laboratories at Los Alamos, N.M.,
for an impromptu speech to an
airport crowd.
Hill had just stepped off a plane
from Chicago.
Former national chairman of
the Federation of American Scien-
tists, Hill said, "it is insane to
continue these bomb tests" and de-
clared the United States has lost
the leadership in peaceful develop-
ment of atomic energy.
Nation Honors
Lofty Exploits
of Architect
C H I C A G O P)-Frank Lloyd
Wright yesterday was feted as the
world's architectural hero - and
the crusty, 87-year-old veteran of
innumerable disputes didn't miss
a chance to tellrhis idolators they
were absolutely right.
Officially, a big banquet dinner
which drew more than 1,000 per-
sons was connected with the cre-
ation of a perpetual endowment
of Wright's architectural school
at Spring Green, Wis
But the big topic-and the core
of most of the excitement-was
Wright's proposed mile high build-
ing for Chicago.
The drawing of the proposed
building stands 22 feet and was
the focal point of a huge Wright
exhibit at which scale models of
many of his architectural works
were shown.
Following the banquet, Wright

UN Delegate
Sees Britain,
U.S. In Plan
Claim Soviets Will
Agree on Immediate
Stop To Explosions
Soviet Delegate Arkady A. Sobo-
lef said yesterday the Soviet Union
is ready to agree with the United
States and Great Britain on an
immediate, unconditional halt to
test explosions of nuclear weapons.
Sobolev made the statement to
a reporter in answer to a question
on Russia's current stand on the
question of test explosions.
No Politics
He said nothing about the politi-
cal controversy between Adla
Stevenson, Demoratic Presiden-
tial nominee who has proposed ne-
gotiating a halt on H-bomb tests,
and President Dwight' D. Eisen-
hower, Republican nominee who
has rejected Stevenson's ideas.
The U.S. position in United Na-
tions disarmament talks is that
any ban on test blasts must be part
of a comprehensive disarmament
plan with adequate controls and
Ready To Agree
"The Soviet Union is ready to
enter now into an agreement with
the other powers for an immediate
halt to the test explosions of nu-
clear weapons without conditions,'
Sobolev said.
"We believe this might be the
first step toward a system of dis-
armament and eventual prohibi-
tion of the nuclear weapons.
Stevenson has mentioned only
the hydrogen bomb in his speeches
calling for a halt to test explo-
sions. But Sobolev said the Russian
position applies to all nuclear
AEC Expert
Takes Issue
With Adlai
Energy Commission yesterday
made public a telegram from its
onetime medical research chief
taking issue with Adlai Stevenson's
proposal that this country take the
lead toward ending H-bomb tests.
Dr. Shields Warren of Boston,
whom the AEC described as an
outstanding authority on medical
radiology, declared the dosage of
radioactive strontium resulting
from H-bomb fall-out is "insignifi-
Distribute Poison
With regard to the question of
continuing the tests, he said it
would be "disastrous" for this
country to fall behind the Rus-
In arguing Monday night for his
proposal to end the tests, Steven-
son said they distribute over the
world strontium-90, which he de-
scribed "as the most dreadful

"In sufficient concentration,"
Stevenson said, "It can cause bone
cancer and dangerously affect the
reproductive processes."
Levels Dangerous
He said he was not asserting that
present levels of radioactivity are
dangerous because "scientists do
not know exactly how dangerous
the threat is."
Dr. Warren, in a telegram to
AEC Chairman Lewis L. Strauss,
said statements made by Steven-
son "should be corrected."
He also said: "To permit us to
fall behind Russians is disastrous;
to wait for them to catch up to us
is stupid."
Political Clubs
Will xDebate
The issues of foreign policy and
witn~n ,.ar.it, n+hp -.nrn t nrnn riAn-

The number of students success-
fully polled, 240 out of a sample
of 470, presented a serious prob-
lem, he observed, noting that "no
survey analyst would feel happy
about losing one-half of his sam-
Burton Lauds
A-Bomb Curb
ranking University of Notre Dame
scientist suggested yesterday "the
minimum first step of stopping
atom bomb tests" could "limit the
hazard of radioactively inducted
cancers for present generations
and . avoid some unknown and
horrible consequences for the peo-
ple of the future."
Prof. Milton Burton, director of
the Notre Dame Radiation Labor-
atory, said current observation
techniques would disclose quickly
to "all the major nations of the
world" any violation of the "no-
test" agreement.
"No nation could afford to risk
a violation of such an agreement
because adherence to it would be
obviously essential to the welfare
of the entire world," said Burton
in a statement.
Noting that for 11 years scien-
tists had been warning about the
danger of atomic fallout, .Prof.
Burton said "it is incredible that
a political campaign should bring
this present danger to public con-
I CR 1ltb T. 11ri

Stevenson's Wit
The Stevenson wit flashed in-
termittently during a generally
serious speech. Deriding Dewey's
contention that one of the Repub-
lication Administration's "new
ideas" was "prosperity without
war," he said he wouldn't expect
the gentleman. to know about
Woodrow Wilson's first Adminis-
"But I assumed he knew about
the condition of the country from
1946 to 1950. After all, he was run-
hing for President all that time."

Rail Workers' Contract
Agreement Draws Near
WASHINGTON W)-The nation's railroads and a score of labor
unions representing more than a million rail workers were reportesd
nearing an agreement yesterday for a three-year cogzract providing
substantial pay increases.
Negotiations are being carried on quietly in Chicago but reports
in the rail industry and union circles are that both sides have ex-
changed informal settlement offers.
Members Want To Keep Ike Out
Two members of the government's National Mediation Board,
Leverett Edwards and Francis A. O'Neill, Jr., are presiding over the
"talks and trying to work out a
negotiated settlement without pull-
ing President Dwight D. Eisen-
" hower into the situation.
P olicies The unions have taken steps for
a strike should the talks fail,
although there is little immediate
mittee's judgments were widely danger of a walkout.
known. Under the Railway Labor Act,
He said the University had an Undert Eilway Lor Act,
obligation to lead the public to President Eisenhower would name
from rational judgments and not an emergency board to recommend
to follow them. settlement terms if the labor-man-
Prof. Robert C. Angell, of the agement talks broke down.
sociology department, admitted he This would delay any possible
was not happy about "certain e- strike by at least two months.
strictions in the past," but noted Provide Wage Boost

Committee May Revise

EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the last
in a series of articles concerning
University policy toward outside
speakers, past, present, and future.
Prospects are indeed dim that
this campus will witness the de-
parture of the University Commit-
tee on Lectures at any time in the
near future.
Although the Regent-supervised,
faculty-administered Committee is
here to stay, slight policy changes
are in the offing.
Prof. James K. Pollock, commit-
tee chairman, revealed recently,
"the Lecture Committee is now
considering a policy change re-
garding the advent of television on
public meetings."
SGC 'Studying'
Student Government Council is
now "studying and gathering facts.

Tow' Sawyer, '58, SGC study
committee chairman, said, "our
plans are to search out students,
Regents, administrators and facul-
ty members as to their opinions
regarding the policies of the Lec-
ture Committee."
SGC To Determine
He mentioned that "test cases"
would be submitted to individual
members of the Committee and
thus SGC could determine the
exact present policy of the Com-
If any pressure is brought to
bear in favor of a more liberal
speaker policy, students will have
to supply the initiative.
Faculty individuals or groups
are not subject to Committee ap-
proval when bringing speakers to
campus, but don't seem concerned
about the climate of intellectual


faculty members were too busy to
invite and finance outside speak-
Student criticism of the Com-
mittee has claimed lately that;
knowledge of the Committee's ex-
istence more than its actions has
frightened many student groups
from scheduling outside speakers.
Leaders .rgue
Student leaders argue that any
individual should be allowed the
platform here if he would not vio-

There have been hints a settle-
ment will provide a wage boost of
about 10 cents an hour for the first
year of a three-year agreement,'
with provisions for adjusting the
rates according to living cost
Some of the unions representing
operating employes-the 200,000 or
so workers who man the moving
trains-have proposed the same
welfare plan coverage as the rail-
roads now provide.

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