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October 17, 1956 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1956-10-17

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T

Students

Prefer

Eisenhower

2-l,

Survey

Finds

By PETER ECKSTEIN
University students favor the re-election of President Dwight D.
Eisenhower by a margin of two-to-one, a Daily survey indicates.
Of 240 students polled-from a random sample of United States'
citizens living in Ann Arbor who filled out Student Directory cards-153
said they hoped the President would be re-elected Nov. 6. Slightly less
than one-third of those expressing a preference, 76, said they hoped'
Adlai E. Stevenson would become the next president. Ten students
polled were undecided or didn't know.
The survey consisted of a series of 21 questions designed to
determine the political thinking of University students. Party affili-
ations, candidate preference and issue orientation were all covered.
° The biggest surprise of the survey came in student vice-presiden-
tial preferences. Despite the heavy Eisenhower majority, 55 per cent
of those who favored one of the major party candidates picked Sen.
Estes Kefauver (D-Tenn.) as better qualified to hold high public
office than Vice-President Richard M. Nixon. While only two of the
76 Stevenson supporters expressed a preference for Nixon, some 28
students, or 18 per cent of the 153 Eisenhower supporters prefered Sen.
Kefauver.
The Republicans led however, in party preference. One hundred

one of the 240 surveyed said they thought of themselves as Republicans,
while 57 called themselves Democrats and 78 independents. Four others
were either not interested enough to align themselves or gave another
preference.
Of those calling themselves independents, 32 leaned to the
Republicans, 25 to the Democrats and 21 maintained strict neutrality.
Adding the "leaners" to the party regulars, the Republicans lead with
133 to the Democrats' 82.
All of those calling themselves Democrats are supporting Stevenson
this year. Two who class themselves as Republicans-one "strong" and
the other "weak"-have crossed party lines to support him also. Among
independents who say they lean to the Democrats, however, the Presi-
dent leads 12 to ten, scoring 13 to four among neutral independents and
a full 29 to one among those independents who say they lean to the
Republicans.
Scored Heavily
The Republicans brobably scored most heavily on election predic-
tions. A full two-thirds of those polled-179 out of 240-predicted
Eisenhower's re-election, whereas only 39 predicted former Illinois
governor Stevenson's. Of these, 37 ranked themselves among his
supporters. Only two who predicted Stevenson were Eisenhower
supporters.

While the President is considered to be more popular nationally all preferred President Eisenhower.)
among women than among men. Stevenson drew disproportionate Another question in the survey broke down voters according to
strength from University co-eds. While Eisenhower still carried the whether they could or could not vote. If they could, they were
co-ed vote, he did it by 47 to 32, or 59 per cent of those expressing a divided into probable voters or non-voters. Within these categories
preference, compared to his 67 per cent overall margin. there were no significant differences among the candidates.
11ar MapiStudents were also asked this question: "Some people don't pay

i~ er en margin
Among the men, however, the President soars to a 71 per cent
margin over his opponent. The survey ratio of men to women was
two-to-one, reflecting accurately overall University registration figures.
Schools and colleges within the University showed marked varia-
tions when it came to candidate preferences. However, when dealing
with figures so low as those necessary in any breakdown of a sample
this size, the margin of error is likely to be high. This is especially so
in the smaller schools.
But for what they are worth, the schools rank this way in prefer-
ence for President Eisenhower: Architecture and Design-50 per cent;
Literature, Science and the Arts-57 per cent; Dentistry-60 per cent;
Graduate-62 per cent; Law-64 per cent; Engineering-70 per cent;
Nursing, Pharmacy-80 per cent each; Business Administration-871/
per cent; Medical-89 per cent; and Education-100 per cent.
(Twelve education majors were questioned in the survey. They

much attention to the political campaigns. How about you? Would
you say that you have been very much interested, somewhat interested
in following the political campaign for this year?"
The introduction to the question tended to bias the answers
slightly in favor of the "don't care" group. While this invalidates
it as a real measure of student interest in the campaign, it does give
some index of relative interest in the campaign.
Very Interested
Of the 84 students who said they were "very much interested"
in the campaign, 40 per cent preferred Stevenson, compared with 33
per cent for the campus at large. Among the "somewhat interested"
and "not very interested" groups, Stevenson's margin dwindles to 30
and 25 per cent respectively.
The question of President Eisenhower's health was the only
specific one raised by the survey. To most students--107 Eisenhower
See POLL, Page 6

Legislature Should Aid 'U'
In Building Residence Halls
See Page 4

Y

itn

AOF
:43 a t t
I
49

"0
O g

Latest Deadline in the State FARWAM

VOL. LXVII, No. 25 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1956

SIX PAGES

Public Relations
.! .!
Body Originated
Lecture Committee Arose in Midst,
Of Row Over Campus 'Radicalism'
By JAMES ELSMAN JR.
(EDITOR'S NOTE -- This is the second in a series of three interpretive
articles concerning the policy of this campus regarding outside speakers.
Today's article covers the period from late 1935 to the present - "Twenty
Years of Intellectual Treason".)

U.S
On1

I

warns

Mideast

Aggression;

Iraq

t
f
v
r
1
s
,_4
4

University Committee on Lectures was born in 1935. More than
twenty years later it still exists.
The child was a product of its environment. In 1935 chauvinist
groups were yelling "Red" at the "radicals" of the campus. Knights
Templar of Grand Rapids warned the University they would with-
draw aid to students if "such conditions" were tolerated. Two debates
were held off campus before full houses, circumventing University
restrictions. Newspapers played all this big and the taxpayers read it.
Concurrently, a debate was brewing in the State Legislature con-
cerning relative appropriations between the University and "another
" state college." Untoward events at
the University could be translated
into less dollars from the State.
Thus, by Regent Bylaw, our child
was born-his name, "Public Re-
Far At Sea; l ations."
. Bylaw Administered
Regents handed the Lecture
Ar vCommittee this Bylaw to admin-
ister. Concerning the use of lee-
SAN FRANCISCO (R)-, A Pan "timely and rational discussion"
American Airways Stratocruiser, was encouraged for the "ethical
strickenaonAa night flight from and intellectual development of
Honolulu, faltered through four the student body" and "society at
and a half black hours yesterday large."
then ditched, broke up and sank Last the Bylaw provided this
1,500 miles at sea beside a Coast rule that has seen considerable
Guard cutter which saved all 31 use in the past two decades: "No
persons aboard. addresses shall be allowed which
Five passengers were injured urge the destruction or modifica-
slightly but required no medical tion of government by violence or
aid. The cutter, the Ponchartrain, other unlawful methods, or which
was due to land all of them, 19 advocate or justify conduct which
men, nine women and three child- violates the fundamentals of our
ren, in San Francisco late to- accepted code of morals."
morrow. Plc hne
The big Stratocruiser "Sovereign Policy Changes
f the Skies," had just passed th Policy changes occured. In 1948
point of ne return en route to the Regents held, that no "speech-
San Francisco when two of its es in support of particular candi-
our engines failed shortly after dates of any political party or fac-
tion would be permitted.
a.m. PST-5 a.m.CST.
_____.___T_____.CT In 1951 this was rescinded and
political speeches were allowed
Atlantic Storm "with due regard to a proper bal-
anceamong the various partiesr
and candidates."
M ay Pick Up In 1950 Prof. Herbert J. Phillips
of the University of Washington,
M ore Strength a Communist, was banned. Again=
University restrictions were cir-
cumvented and an off-campus de-
MIAMI, Fla. WP) - The autumn bate was held between Phillips and
storm raking the Atlantic Coast Preston Slosson of the history de-
with high winds is expected to partment which attracted 2,000
pck up more strength, the Miami persons.
Weather Bureau said yesterday. McPhaul Dinner
It has killed two persons in Most of the campus was em-
Florida and left several communi- broiled in 1952 by the "McPhaul!
ies flooded or isolated by high dinner." Arthur McPhaul, of the
vaters. Civil Rights Congress, an organi-
The center of the storm was ly- nation listed as subversive by the
ng 100 miles east-southeast of Justice Department, was inform-
Facksonville, Fla., at 5:00 p.m. ally banned.
Winds of 30 to 40 miles an hour He spoke, however, to a small
vere battering the Atlantic Coast group of students at a dinner in
hroughout Georgia and the Caro- the Union. University officials in-
linas. vestigated and tried the students
Squalls and gale winds were oc- before the Joint Judiciary, Stu
:urring offshore and heavy, spotty dents questioned whether the
ains were expected in the area University was "University prop-
between the coast and the Appala- erty," the fairness of the inter-
hian Mountains. rogation,band the grounds of the
- original ban.
Policy Changes1
SGC 'To H ear From the McPhaul controversy,
however, came these two policyi
Study Re ort changes from the Lecture Com-1
mittee: permission wasn't neces-
sary for "private" meetings and a

-Daily-vern Soden
COMFORT-Students study, knit and simply relax peacefully on
one of the campus lawns, making the most of the warm, lazy days
of "Injun Summer."
Cords, Ber-mudas
Seen on Campus
By THOMAS BLUES
If it weren't for the leaf-cluttered caipus and the abundance
of pledge pins one would think that spring had returned early to
Ann Arbor.
The usual damp atmosphere has not arrived yet as crew neck
sweaters and tweed jackets have been discarded in favor of cords
and bermudas.
Groundskeepers have to contend with students lounging on the
lawns in addition to their annual headache of raking up autumn
leaves.
It's Hot
According to the weather man the wave of warmth began last
Friday with balmy breezes and a high of 75 degrees. Since that time,
Sthe bureau reported two previous

Ceases
Israel Army Bri
obilzng, To,
Arabs Say R
Gt
Syria Protests Acts I
B' Th EPAR
To Big Three Envoys formal p
JERUSALEM (R) - News that A St
Iraqi troop rein'forcements are not Premier
going into Jordan calmed Israeli canal use
official quarters last night, national,
But Jordan and Syria charged I "The
Israel is massing troops "with ag- nature,"
gressive intentions" and said the
situation is still tense. Eden
Syria protested the-reported Is- the Suez
raeli troop concentrations to the Som
ambassadors of the United States, invitatio
Britain and Russia in Damascus. with Egy
Tension Lessens An offi
The lessening of tension in offi- said Bri
cial Israeli quarters was not dis- simply ca
turbed by reports that Syria is suggest si
sending heavy weapons into Jor- -that w
dan to help defend the Jordan- antees as
Israeli demarcation line.
An Israeli Foreign Office spokes- Th c
man noted that exchange of weap- British a
ons among Arab countries does not decided t
increase their combined military of their r
strength. of thesr r
"It is only if weapons are brought sia last w
in from the outside or if there is Council.
an undue concentration of troops This pa
on our borders that the situation the Londc
would be of serious concern," he internatio
said. canal shc
Troop Concentration tlement i
He added that so far there were system th
no reports of unusual troop con- recluirem'
centrations. users.
Despite the noticeable easing ofH
fears in the Israeli area, however, Before
Israel maintained a state of readi- began, Fo
ness. Pineau ti
The first of Israel's four key National
ambassadors called home for ur- meeting o
gent consultations flew in from capital in
London. He is Eliahu Elath, en- As the7
voy to Britain. ers met
Ambassadors are on their way ser of Eg
back from Washington, Paris and bassador
Moscow. hour-long

Troop
lain, France Ask Egy
Offer Suez Proposas
equest Nasser to Suggest Plan Includin
uarantees of Freedom to Canal Users
IS (P)-Britain and France today called on Egypt to
roposals for running the Suez Canal.
atement by Prime Minister Anthony Eden of Brita
Guy Mollet of France asked Egypt to suggest a system
ers guarantees as effective as Western proposals for
control of the waterway taken over by Egypt last J
e two governments will study together any proposalc
the official statement said.
Suez Crisis
flew in unexpectedly yesterday for urgent conferen
crisis.
e believed the French-British statement was equivalen
>n to direct negotiations
pt. o
icial .spokesman, however, R o m R t

SGC Petition
Only nine students had taken
out Student Government Council
petitions at close of the second day
of petitioning yesterday.
They are Bob' Creal, '58 BAd,
SGC Orientation Director Scott
C h ry sle r, '59E, Vice-President
Janet Neary, '58, Maynard Gold-
man, '59, incumbent Ron Shorr,
'58 BAd, Alvin Leibowitz, '57,
Douglas Wright, '58, Mal Cum-
ming, '58BAd and Treasurer Joe
Collins, '58.
Five full year posts and one
half year posts will be filled in the
Nov. 13-14 elections.,
Candidate must collect 350 sig-
natures on their petitions before
6 p.m. Tuesday. Petitions may be
picked up in the Office of Student
Affairs, 1020 Administration Build-
ing.

high temperatures for this time
of year have been broken or tied.
Monday, the mercury. rose to 81
degrees surpassing the record of
80 degrees set in 1920. Saturday's
sunny 80 degrees tied the 1935
high for that date.
Good News
The -weatherman is out-doing
himself with good news because
he seemed happy to announce that
this summer session heat will con-
tinue throughout the remainder
of the week.
It could be, however, that this
trend to fairer skies could have
disastrous consequences as far as
many University students are con-
cerned. Following the typical line
of reason, sunshine eliminates stu-
dy and replaces it with bicycling,
baseball, ice cream cones, evening
walks and drowsiness.
Yes, the weather has certainly
taken an unacademic turn but ac-
cording to all reports professors
have not been struck by this rare
phenomenon. Five week exams
will be scheduled as usual.

tain and France were
alling on the Egyptians to
omething - if they could
ould give the same guar-
international control.
British-French
oint statement said the
rnd French ministers had
o hold to the second part
esolution vetoed by Rus-
week in the U.N. Security
art of the resolution said
on plan of 18 nations for
onal management of the
ould be the basis of set-
unless Egypt proposed a
hat would fulfill the same
Lnts for guarantees, to
lurry-up Meeting
the British-French talks
oreign Minister Christian
old a sometimes hostile
Assembly the hurry-up
of the two powers was of
mportance.
French and British lead-
in Paris, President Nas-
ypt summoned U.S. Am-
Raymond Hare for an
g conference in Cairo.

Comnmittee
Establishe
A student - faculty-admi
tion committee to study roo
board rates in University
tories was established ye
by the Board of Governors
Residence Halls.
Taking action at their firs
ing this fall, the Board set
committee as outlined ina
lution last spring following
increase in board and roo
It will be primarily a fact
ing group "to consider the
area of room and board r
the Residence Halls."
Dean of Men Walter B. R
one of its jobs will be to stu
parable rates and servicesa
dence halls at other schoo
Composition of the gro
be two administration o
two students, and two m
of the faculty.
No date was set for com
of the committee's report.
In other action the Boa
cined to take any actio
suggestion by Prof. Lionel Lg
make available guest rooms
men's residence halls for
guished visitors.
Approved subject to R
policy was a Citizenship Aw
Winchell House in West Q
will be awarded "at such tim
and in such amount as the
(who remained anonymous
decide from time to time."
A discussion of future bi
plans and a general sur
Residence Halls populatio
postponed until the next m

M.oves
t Repeats Vow
oGive Aid
To Victims
g
Cites Deterioration
o make Of Peace Prospects
in and In Recent Months
giving
inter- WASHINGTON () -Secretary
tuly 26. of State John Foster Dulles yes
of th. terday reaffirmed American readi-
of this ness, to give aid "within constitu-
tional means" to any victim of ag-
gression in the turbulent Mideast.
ces on At a news 'conference, Dulles.
said the United States "still
t to an stands" behind this pledge made
by President Dwight D. Eisenhower
last April as a move to discourage
any new outbreak of fighting be-
tween Israel and its Arab foes.
Peace Prospects
Dulles recalled the six-month-
old pledge in noting that peace
prospects have deteriorated sharp-
SHeavy weapons from Syria, he
inistra- confirmed, are moving into crisis-
Lnita- ridden Jordan and it remains to
man-be seen what "the real purpose"
dormi- of these shipments turns out to be.
sterday If Syria's aim is to bolster Jor-
Sof thedan's defense strength against any
Israeli attack, Dulles said the
t meet- United States could make no ob-
up the jection since it provides weapons
a reso- to allies for the same purpose.
a $20
n rates. Heavy Weapons
t find- The heavy weapons moving into
SentireJordan, he said, could either be
^tentirRussian made or some of the Brit-
ates nish or French military supplies de-
livered to Syria earlier.
ea said Dulles said. he understood there
dy com- would, in any event, be a delay in
at resi- moving Iraqi troops into Jordan,
. and that this government was not
up will seeking to play a decisive role in
fficials, the matter.
iembers
ipletion DAC Season
rd de-
on aet o en
aing to
in the "Captain Carvalo" will open the
distin- 1956-57 Dramatic Arts Center sea-
son at 8:15 Friday.
egental The play which has been des-
ard for cribed as a witty, pungent and
uad. It somewhat Shavian comedy will
nes and introduce English playwright Den-
donor is Cannan to the Ann Arbor area.
) may The play will run Thursday
s)imay through Sunday, October 19 to
wilding November 4.
vey of
n was
ieeting. New Ticket Rules

ADLAI, ESTES ON THE ROAD:
Candidates Discuss H-Bomb, Graft

By The Associated Press MINNEAPOLIS - P r e s i d e n t
CHICAGO-Adlai E. Stevenson Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday
leaves on a new whistle-stop tour took an indirect swipe at Adlai E.
aStevenson as he said that under
tomorrow night, heartened by ahis administration- "we have ad-
flood of messages endorsing his vanced a long way" toward a last-
latest plea that this country take ing peace.
the lead in seeking to halt hydro- President Eisenhower, away on
gen bomb tests. his biggest vote hunt of the presi-
m , m I dential campaign, followed his

NEW YORK-Sen. Estes Kefauv-
er said yesterday that more top
Eisenhower administration offic-
ials "have been involved in cor-
ruption than under any admini-
stration since the Republican ad-
ministration of Gen. Grant."
The Democratic vice-presiden-
tial nominee took to television and

BUFFALO, N.Y.-Vice President
Richard M. Nixon said yesterday
the policies Adlai E. Stevenson ad-
vocates "would in c reas e the
chances for war."
Nixon said in a speech "the
American people would be taking
a fearful risk" if they were to elect
Stevenson president while the
Democratic candidate persists in
the noitinn he ha taken on seek-

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