EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
"You Said It, Pal-We Both Got A Right
To Poison The Air"
To The Editor
Em.r - MEM
inions Are Free
gals printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
OCTOBER 7, 1956
. NIGHT EDITOR: TAMMY MORRISON
Sorority Rushing System
Hurts More Than It Helps
m ANNUAL institution comes toga close
day, the most favorable words anyone
cted with it can truthfully utter will be,
ik, goodness that's over!"
this afternoon marks the final step in.
phenomenon apparently necessary for
;uation of the University's Greek letter
the traditional pledging ceremonies in
>f the 21 houses on campus, actives will
ly greet their new "sisters." Roughly one-
of the approximately 1350 women who
d at the beginning of rush will participate
t happy event.
ood percentage of the other 900 will go
o the routine of daily life, nursing an un-
ed blow to the ego.
)rity women and their soundfing boards,
ishint pamphlets and Panhel booklets,
libly tossed off such phrases as "Rushees
lect the house they want.. ." The naive
cheerfully began the rounds, only to
hrough painful experience that too often
ement -of choice rested unequivocably in
nds of the affiliates.
HING, it would seem, contradicts the
rorities' main drawing card: that it pro-
for a closely-knit unit of people based
compatible personalities. Once under the
roof, the "sisters" must participate in
mass integration process, for it is rather
usible that actives are endowed with such
>yance th t they can instinctively rec-
qualities in an individual that are more
in reality, they can't and they don't. Any
affiliate who has not completely lost her iden-
tity in service to the "cause" will readily attest
to that. She will admit that since a coed is
accepted into the ranks almost purely on the
basis of first impressions, the whole rushing
system can qualify to be nothing more than a
large-scale, over-planned hit and miss game.-
In "picking straws" to decide whom to ask
back, the more honest sorority member will
say that her group is guided by the rushee's
abilities to impress one of the actives with her
conversational prowess, that the shy person or
the coed who doesn't happen to "hit it off"
with the active is unfortunately quickly dropped
by the wayside.
She will add that decisions are influenced
in part, in favor of the coed who is known no
better than the next, but whose arrival has
been preceded by a packet of letters highly-
touting her attributes.
THE FACT that a rushee has been "dropped,"
sorority members generously contend,
should place no black mark upon her character.
This is a poor explanation-if one considers the
paradox of the whole rushing system, the fact
that an active can not even begin to know the
character of any one individual
If sororities play an integral part in campus
life and there are many who question the bene-
fits of their existence, the rushing system as it
now stands, seems to hurt more people than it
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Differing Practical Judgment
Sponsor, Then Condemn
To the Editor:
I'VE JUST READ Time Maga-
zine's account of Ester Kefeau-
ver's campaign tour (which was
quoted approvingly in the Sunday
Free Press.) You may recall it ran
"Already the traveling press is
. . . tired mentally because Estes
bores them with his unvarying
routine, his dull, platitudinous,
primerlike speeches repeated with
little variation at stop after stop,
his tedious habit of shaking one
hand after another, looking at its
owner with glazed, unseeing eyes,
hardly hearing himself mouth
some meaningless banality."
For pure descriptive terminology
the writer (Serrell Hillman) is in
the same class with that ubiquitous
writer of dirty stories. But the
conten is a somewhat dramatic
illustration of the unfair and dis-
honest representations of non-
It's been only five years sisce
Kefauver captivated the American
television public with his very
creditable handling of the Senate
Crime Investigation. It is interest-
ing to note that his sponsor on
television was Time Magazine.
-W. J. Collins,'57L
Watt Next? . .
To the Editor:
A FEW DAYS ago for the third
consecutive evening the lights
were out in Williams House, West
Quad for over an hour, from 9 un-
til past 10, when conceivably some
of the residents might be trying
to study. We had thought that
after the lights went off at ap-
proximately the same time two
nights in succession the manage-
ment would take steps to solve the
difficulty. We were not disappoint-
They reacted in typical West
Quad. fashion: they placed the
blame on the students. The Quad
"Wheels" tiptoed from room to
room with their little master key
and ransacked the rooms while the
occupants, were in class or watch-
ing the World Series on TV.
(M.V.D. Take note!!) Several
hours of their patient, painstaking
gumshoeing- yielded three (3) hot
plates. Aha, here was the cause
of the difficulty.
I am not an electrical engineer
but it would seem to me that judg-
ing from this evidence, a couple
dozen of these babies would suf-
fice to put the Detroit Edison Co.
out of business!
Be that as it may, tonite the
lights were out again. What next?
15 watt bulbs in every room? This
is our home away from home? dOn
well, students come and students
go but the management lives on.
--Ken Graham, '57
Save Money? . .
To the Editor:
RE THE Student Bookstore ideat
This is no way for a student to
save very much money. Consider-
ing an average outlay of $50 per
semester for books and supplies,
a maximum saving of 15% (which
assumes complete subsidy of over-
head costs) would amount to only
$7.50. In any event this saving is
not particularly significant in
terms of the magnitude of the
Are you really interested in sav-
ing money? Some students at the
University of Michigan are now
saving about $150 per semester in
room and board costs compared to
dormitory rates. How? By the
cooperative technique, together
doing their own house work, cook-
-Paul U. Strauss, '58Med
-Ton Rudd, '58Ph
Lansing 'U' . .
To the Editor:
THERE is a world outside of
Michigan where confusion -is
ripe over our two "State Univer-
Historically the State University
has always been in Ann Arbor.
Since \we have an imitator we
could alleviate some misconcep-
tions by referring when necessay
to the other university as the
You tap an influential type-
writer-do seize the imminent op-
portunities' for educating the pub-
-D. M. Brown
The Daily Official Bulletin is an of-
ficial publication of the University of
Michigan for which the Michigan Daily
assumes no editorial responsibility. No-
tices should be sent in TYPEWRITTEN
form to Room 3553 Administration
Building before 2 p.m. the day preced-
SUNDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1956
VOL. LXVII, NO. 16
Meeting of the University Staff at
4:15 p.m. Mon., Oct. 22, in Rackhani
Lecture Hall. President Hatcher will dis-
cuss the state of the University. All
members of the University staff, aca-
demic and non-academic, are invited.
Tickets for Individual Lecture Course
Attractions on sale Tues., Oct. 9. Tickets
for the eight numbers in the 195-57
Lecture Course may be purchased at
Hill Auditorium box office starting
Tues., 10 a.m. Season tickets will be
available through Wed. night. Students
are offered a special rate of $3.50 for
the complete course, second balcony,
Meeting of all interested in Rhodes
Scholarship Wed., Oct. 10 at 4:15 p.m.,
in Room 2013, Angell '(all. Applications
for the Scholarships Will be due Oct.
19 and should be handed in at 2026,
Angell Hall. Further Information may
be obtained from Clark Hopkins, 2011,
Leture, auspices of the Economiom
Club, "British Trade Union Wage Policy
and Inflation." Hillary A. Marquand,
former Minister of Health in the Brit-
ish Cabinet and Professor of Economies
at the University of Wales. 8:00 p.m.,
Mon., Oct, 8, Rackham Amphitheater.
Department of Journalism. Robert
Fisler, assistant to the publisher, Sports
Illustrated Magazine, will speak on
"Nobody Sleeps on Bunday Afternoon
or Sports and the New America" In
Rackham Amphitheater, Mon., Oct,$8, at
Operations Research Seminar. "Opera-
tions Research in Industry." Philip
Morse, Massachusetts Institute of Tech-
nology. Coffee hour, 3:30 pm., Wed.
Oct. 10, in Room 243, W. Engineering;
seminar, 4:00 p.m. in Room 229. All
faculty members welcome.
Mathematics Club will meet on Tues.,
Oct. 9, at 8 p.m., in West Conference
Room, Rackham Building. Profegsor
William J. Leveque will talk on "The
Anatomy Seminar, Wed., Oct. 10,
Room 2501, East Medical Building. Dr.
William Castor will speak on Biosyn-
thesis of Mucopolysaccharides by Syno-
vial Cells in a Simplified Tissue Cul-
Doctoral Examination for Robert
Lloyd Davis, Mathematics; thesis: "Lie
and Engel Modules and Their Relation
to Burnside's Problem", Mon., Oct. 8,
3218 Angell Hall, at 4:00 p.m. Chairman,
R. M. Thrall.
Anthropology Club. The first in a
series of four lectures dealing with
"Mathematical Thinking in the Social
Sciences" will be held at 8:00 p.m. Tues.,
(Continued on Page 8)
Justice Accorded McKeon
THE REDUCTION in Marine Staff Sergeant
Matthew C. McKeon's sentence by the Sec-
retary of the Navy brings the Sergeants punish-
ment much more into proportion with his
Convicted of negligent manslaughter for the
death of six recruits in a night march at Parris
Island, S.C., a military court directed that Mc-
Keon be giveni a bad conduct discharge, be con-
fined at hard labor for nine months, and fined
$270. Secretary Thomas has ordered this scaled
down to three months confinement and the
discharge and fine completely remanded..
The important point to be noted here is that
McKeon, a professional soldier, will not be
barred from 'following his chosen career as he
would have been. under the original sentence.
That punishment was unwarrantedly severe'
and violated the spirit of justice when the cir-
cumstances surrounding his error in judgement
are considered. - Sergeant McKeon, in leading
the recruits into the swamps, was conducting
training'that, while it may not have been pre-
scribed in the book, was condoned by the
THAT he commited an error of judgement is
hard to doubt but he should be punished
for that and that alone. The disciplinary action
rendered by the !Secretary of the Navy is in
accordance with this principle.
Sergeant McKeon, a good soldier with a fine
combat record, will be given a second chance.
From what we read of the man's character,
this faith in him should prove to be well
By WALTER LIPPMANN
THE differences about Suez be-
tween this country and its
allies, Great Britain ahd France,
do not really stem from such views
as we may have on "colonialism."
They stem from a differing prac-
tical judgement as to how to deal
wisely and effectively with Col.
Nasser's seizure of the Canal Com-
There is no difference on the
fundamental point that all the na-
tions of the world have indubitable
rights in the use of the canal, and
that these rights must be protec-
ted by a regime established under
an international treaty. The ques-
tion of colonialism does not arise.
For Egypt is not a colony and no-
body is claiming that the canal
zone iq anyone's colonial property.
What we, together with the Brit-
ish and the French, are claiming
is that the rights which are pledg-
ed by the Treaty of 1888 shall be
How substantial are our actual
differences it is difficult to say
precisely. For none of the three
governments was prepared for
Nasser's coup. None had a consid-
ered policy. Each reacted at the
outset rather by its reflexes than
by reflection. Since then, the three
Foreign Mi isters have met twice
at big international conferences.
But they have been, it would seem,
too preoccupied and too hurried to
make sure that they understood
OUR DIFFERENCES are not
clear or sharp. But they seem to
turn on two points, neither of
which has anything to do with col-
onialism. The one point has to do
with military force. The other has
to do with a policy to follow in
working towards a solution.
It is not true, as has been sug-
gested abroad, that this country
is unconditionally opposed to a
resort to force, or that responsible
American opinion has been opposed
to the little mobilization of forces
in the eastern Mediterranean. We
have been troubled and even
frightened at what we thought we
were hearing from London and
Paris about the objectives for
which these forces might be used.
Nobody has opposed, almost all
would approve, having forces
available as a precautionary meas-
ure to prevent anti-Western riots
such as occurred in Cairo in 1952.
Nor would there be American op-
position to the use of force, even
in spite of a Soviet veto, if Nasser
closed the canal or violated the
rights which are guaranteed under
the Treaty of 1888.
We drew back from the sugges-
tion, which has been at.least semi-
official, that these forces might
be used to overthrow Nasser. That,
in our view, would be an illegal
and immoral use of force. We drew
back too from the idea that mili-
tary force might be used to impose
on Nasser the kind of regime which
the-18 nations have proposed. In
our view, these proposals cannot
be made into- an ultimatum and
should be traced as negotiable.
THOSE OF US who take this
view believe that it rests on a cor-
rect appraisal of the military and
political situation. We believe that
military intervention is almost cer-
tain to entangle Britain and
France in a prolonged guerrilla
war, as in Algeria and Cyprus, if
Egypt has the backing of the Sov-
iet Union, of India, and of vir-
tually all of Asia. We think such
a war would be easy to start and
hard to finish.
From this it follows, so we be-
lieve, that a settlement must be
sought by negotiation, and that
the key to a successful negotiation
is to work towards an internation-
al regime for the canal which has
the support of the Soviet Union
and of India. There is little doubt
that the vital interests of India
are identical with our own, and
that they call for the free use on
reasonable terms of an efficient
canal. As for the Soviet Union,
though it has o such vital inter-
est in the canal or, even perhaps,
in a workable settlement, it is on
record as supporting the Indian
OUR VIEW, it is evident, dif-
fers from the view of those who
believe that the prestige of the
West will collapse in the Middle
East and in Africa if we avoid a
show-down with Nasser, if we do
not overturn him or at least pun-
ish him. Our answer is that the
circumstancesn arenot now right
for a showdown, and that no show-
down should be had unless and
until Nasser has committed a,
gross and deliberate violation of
For the time being, if we can
negotiate a settlement, the prin-
ciple will have been vindicated that
the canal is an international water-
way, and that it is not under the
unfettered control of Egypt alone.
1956 New York Herald Tribune Inc.
NEW YORK (A)-The stock
market broke a string of three
straight weekly declines and posted
a fair gain this week.
The Associated Press average of
60 stocks rose $2.80 to $177.50.
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Red Goal: Controlled Ferment
By WIMAM L. RYAN
AP Foreign News Analyst
CAUTIOUS but confident, the Russians are
approaching the United Nations Security
Council debate on the Suez crisis with the
notion that they have the United States over,
The Russians appear to want a settlement
Df the immediate crisis, for one big reason.
They have not liked the look of British and
French military preparations.
They do not want an Arab-Western war that
would spell danger for the Soviet Union. But
they do want to capitalize on the fever of na-
tionalism and anticolonialism in the Arab
Moscow thus can be expected to press Egypt
to offer a Suez settlement which would sound
logical. Actually, Moscow expects and depends
upon American support in this.
RUSSIANS plainly are telling President
Nasser of Egypt: Settle the crisis by finding
some means of offering an ironclad guarantee
of operation while gaining recognition of the;
canal as a sovereign Egyptian right.
Secretary of State Dulles' indication Tuesday
RICHARD SNYDER, Editor
that the United States was following a course
independent from that of Britain and France
underscores the U.S. dilemma. The United
States apparently wants to demonstrate it does
not automatically support colonial countries.
Middle East oil causes the State Department to
The Russians have seized eagerly on Ameri-
can fears. The Soviet press indicates a grow-
ing confidence that the Suez question, coupled
with far-reaching Middle East implications, can'
be used to drive a wedge between the United
States and its allies in Western Europe. Prav-
da, official voice of the Soviet rulers, says the
U.S. aim in the Suez dispute is to make itself
master of the canal and the whole Middle East,
at Britain's expense.
AN ARAB world explosion over Suez or any
other major issue could represent a serious
danger to Western Europe and a tremendous
problem to the United States.
At the least, a threat to the flow of Middle
East oil would call for a heavy outpouring of
American dollars to shore up Western Europe
through a harsh crisis. The United -States at
the moment does not seem to be thinking in
terms of British-French prestige, or colonial
future, but of the immediate prospects of a
severe economic dislocatioin to be offset only
by American dollars.
As always, the Red goal in the Middle East
is ferment. But this time it is a goal of con-
The Russians do not want the situation to
get out of hand.
New Books at the Library
Belden, Thomas Graham and Belden, Marva
Robins - So Fell the Angels; Boston, Little
Brown, D. C. - Journey from the Arctic; NY,
Eddy, Roger - The Bulls an dthe Bees; NY
T. Y. Crowell, 1956.
Gascar, Pierre - Beasts and Men; Boston, At-
lantic - Little Brown, 1956.
Hanson, Lawrence and Elizabeth -The Tra-
gic Life of Toulouse-Lautrec; NY, Random
Harriman, Margaret C. - Blessed are the
Debonair; NY. Rinehart. 1956.
TALKING ON TELEVISION:
New TV Season Spectaculars Seem Geared To Color
GAIL GOLDSTEIN ............ Personnel Director
ERNES'I THEODOSSIn%............ Magazine Editor
JANET REARICK .. Associate Editorial Director
MARY ANN THOMAS ............ Features Editor
DAVID GREY .. ......... Sports Editor
RICHARD CRAMER ....... Associate Sports Editor
STEPHEN HEILPERN ........Associate Sports Editor
VIRGINIA ROBERTSON............women's Editor
JANE FOWLER .....,....... Associate women's Editor
ARLINE LEWIS ............ Women's Feature Editor
VERNON SODEN.............. Chief Photographer
DAVID SILVER, Business Manager
MILTON GOLDSTEIN .... Associate Business Manager
WILLIAM PUSCH........... Advertising Manager
CHARLES WILSON ...............Finance Manager
PATRICIA LAMBERIS ..... Accounts Manager
HENRY MOSES..............Circulation Manager
By LARRY EINHORN
Daily Television Writer
OCTOBER gives us Columbus
Day, Halloween and the be-
ginning of the new television sea-
son, not necessarily in that order
of importance (although some of
the new shows tend to place them
in that order).
By now almost every program
has .debuted and the 1956-57 tele-
vision season is in full swing. Of
the many veteran shows which
have now returned nothing needs
to be said. They are generally just
as good (or just as bad) as in pre-
One of the first spectaculars to
to be sprung on the public this
season was last Saturday's "Es-
ther William's Aqua Spectacle."
Here was the prime example of
a spectacular being beamed to-
wards the small group who have
pioneered and bought color TV
THE ENTIRE emphasis must
have been on the colors for the
program content was nil. NBC
financed Miss William's recent
+nm. n.rnoA wt ei r a mn of ,,in
The only excitement occurred
when one of the girl water skiers,
atop the shoulders-of her partner,
decided to go for an unexpected
early evening dip.
* * *
IF NBC is to invest their fi-
nances into productions with the
ulterior motive of using them as
spectaulars, this show should in-
spire them to' invest in produtions
which are suitable for television.
CBS may be better finaniers, for
they invested in "My Fair Lady"
and will eventually use it as a
Jackie Gleason re-activated his
live hour-long variety show be-
cause as Jackie put it "Perry Como
has made me live again." As you
may remember Gleason sort of lost
his "King of Saturday Night" title
last year when Perry Como entered
as his opposition.
Gleason's first show was as good
as any of the programs he did
when he still had his royal title.
The June Taylor Dancers high-
lighted the proceedings with one
of their magnificent production
numbers. An addition to the show
board for two performers who are
now top stars.
Roberta Sherwood, presently one
of the hottest night club attrac-
tions, made her comeback debut
on "Stage Show." Another singer
also made his national debut on
He appeared on the show five or
six- times and never created too
much of a sensation, except for a
few screams and yells from the
studio audience. He wiggled and
danced more violently than he has
on subsequent TV appearances.
Yet no cries of "Keep him off TV"
were heard from the public at that
HE DID NOT achieve the 82.6%
share of the audience or 43.7
Trendex rating which he achieved
for Ed Sullivan a few weeks back.
He was then just another hillbilly
For better or for worse "Stage
Show" should be credited for bring-
ing to the American public the
young man who is currently the
nation's No. 1 recording artist and
It took a new Saturday night
ease in handling the emcee chores
on this program than he was dur-
ing his stay on "The Big Surprise"
last season. This is because he owns
this show and is his own boss and
therefore doesn't have to look up
to anyone. I
The show, as all the others, has
its gimmicks. Like two isolation TV
studios for the contestants and a
set of twins to escort the con-
testants into the studios. But the
emphasis is on common knowledge
in all subjects instead of genius
abilities in one category.
ANOTHER FEATURE of this
program is that it is possible for
a contestant to stay on indefinitely
and eventually win an infinite
amount of money. Possible, but
not very probable.
In capsule comment form some
of the other new shows appear
"The Brothers," new situation
comedy ith Gale Gordon and Bob
Sweeney, was described by the pre--
;eason experts (mainly CBS pub-
licity men) as "this year's" situa-
tion comedy. Its first show places
it in the "just another situation
fering, wasn't saved by the guest
appearance of Jackie Gleason and
Red Skelton. Shriner, as of his
first show, seems better cast as
host on "Two For The Money."
Jack Webb's directing and pro-
ducting coupled with a good cast
of new TV personalities account
for the interesting "Noah's Ark"
Tuesday night series. It's the
"Medic" idea (except this medic is
a veterinarian) presented in the
BUDDY HACKETT'S "Stanley"
completely evolves around Hackett,
and this fact alone makes for a
very funny program. This is one of
the very few situation comedies
which is presented live and is one
of the first non-spectacular type
shows to be produced by Max Lieb-
Janet Blair proves to be a wel-
come addition to the already popu-
lar "Sid Caesar Show," which
moved back to the Saturday night
* * *
THE ONLY CLEVER thing about
Tennessee Ernie Ford's new night-
time show is that the star and the