llajor Campus, Local
By LEWIS HAMBURGER
The, arrival of the new year is always a nostalgic affair, crowded
by overtones of future promise and tales of the past.
For this campus town and its University, 1955 was as all others,
a year of dreams - some transformed to visible realities, and some
never leaving the dewy-eyed state.
.. . A Government and a Vaccine
On campus the leading stories centered around the dreams of
some University students for a new students government, now
optimistically eager in its formulative stage; the sudden reality of a
universal dream - a polio preventative; the dream of an old school
being realized in a new name; the dream of a hockey team which
came from behind; the dream, for some, nightmare for others, of
enrollment here skyrocketing toward greater opportunity for mass
. .. No Police Pay, No Bowl
For others there were disappointments. A dedicated police
force went to great extremes, but never realized the pay increase they'
deemed necessary to "make ends meet;" a liquor store burned and
six firemen were overcome by smoke in small-scale heroics during
large scale damage costs.
The unfulfilled dream of most students of a sunny Christmas,
with roses and football faded and were stamped out by a traditional
rival; it resulted in a melee on the field and a new attempt to keep
sportsmanship in sports as Michigan apologized; and Ann Arbor is
still feeling the effects of a newspaper strike in Detroit which has
kept the papers from stands for two weeks. And of course, there were
°the embarrassing repercussions of a panty raid which gained Michigan
a nation-wide "reputation."
To recap, go back to March 15th and 16th when 6,070 students
elected the first representatives of a new student government. Two
days later the group met, and a new challenge was on the way to
This fall the new government began in cautious, open-eyed fash-
ion, deliberating at great length such issues as deferred rushing, and
now the driving ban. Cautious optimism appears to be the tone as
the organization strives to establish itself.
April 12 - Salk Success
The week following spring vacation last year turned the' normally
calm and somewhat aloof town of Ann Arbor into a delirium, as
scientists, government officials, and reporters descended on the
Michigan campus in chaotic fashion. Another scientific dream had
been realized, and despite the so-called "mis-handling" by Wash-
ington officials which led to cancellation of vaccinations, progress
had been made, and hopes for eliminating polio as a major threat
mushroomed across the nation.
The serum Salk made was proved a success, as Dr. Thomas
Francis, Jr. and his statistically adept cohorts discovered. It was
successful in 8-9 times in ten, and absolutely safe.
But as the polio season approached, distribution was cancelled,
and a shadow of doubt thrown across the scene. On May 20 Michigan
ceased inoculations. But it was all wasted time, as the process was
resumed nationally this fall, and Oveta Culp Xobby had resigned.
Earlier, on March 12, a Michigan hockey team which was forced
to win its last 10 games to enter the tourney, won the NCAA cham-
pionship - coach Vic Heyliger's fifth in the eight years of the NCAA
Broadmoof' Hotel tourney's existenee. And this year the entire team
As far as dreams go, the astonishing enrollment of 22,000 students
at Michigan represents a trend toward a great dream for many.
Enthusiasts backing greater enrollment as a step toward better and
more mass education speak eloquently of the opportunity it affords
See MAJOR, Page 2
SALK VACCINE - Key figures in the vaccine story, Dr. Thomas
Francis, Jr., left, and Jonas Salk, confer in Rackham Building.
THE DOCTORS AND
See LIPPMAN, Page 4
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXVI, No. 66 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1955
'U' Scientist Develops New Method
For Storage Over Long Periods
By LEE MARKS
A team of University scientists has proposed a new process for
prolonging the keeping time of perishable foods without freezing or
The new process combines radiation and refrigeration. It man-
ages to kill the most common type of food poisoning organisms with-
out complete sterilization which impairs taste.
"The refrigerated food, keeps for weeks, possibly months," Dr.
Lloyd B. Brownell of the radiation laboratory commented.
} . In a report given yesterday to the Nuclear Engineering and Sci-
ence Congress in Cleveland, \th'e
GETTYSBURG, Pa. (A)-Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower started
yesterday the slow-down his doc-
tors have prescribed, and there
wasn't any yes or no as to whether
he has called Gov. Averell Harri-
man of New York a "SPark Avenue
One official presidential action
on a light day was signing state-
ments urging' the American people
to renew their devotion to "the
most precious of liberties" guar-
anteed by the Bill of Rights and
to "defend them against all forms
of attack." '
There was nothing at all on the
President's schedule yesterday--
no official callers or any social
In Washington, Republican con-
gressional leaders who sat in with
President Eisenhower on at legis-
lative briefing Monday said there
was some discussion of Harriman.
Harriman, a probable candidate
for the Democratic presidential
nomination next year, has been
praised by former President Harry
Some of the GOP leaders in
Congress reported that Eisenhower
dismissed Harriman's slaps at ad-
ministration policy as the pro-
duct of a "Park Avenue Truman."
"Well, I never repeat or report
on meetings like that other than
the official statements, I make, so
I have no comment."
The presidential slowdown was
recommended after Eisenhower's
roctors examined him Saturday
and found him a bit tired by the
heaviest week of conferences-
on the budget, national defense,
and other parts of the legislative
program-since his Sept. 24 heart
scientists claimed preliminary ex-
periments indicate that the tech-
nique "might make possible the
sale of such items as roast whole
chicken, cooked cleaned shrimp,
blanched green peas, diced avo-
cadoes and other vegetables pack-
aged in plastic containers and
capable of being stored unfrozen
for long periods' at refrigerator
Dr. Brownell told the Daily the
"one big thing" holding up com-
mercial use of the process is Food
and Drug Administration approval.
"The Food and Drug Adminis-
tration requires certain tests which
will take about two years to com-
plete," Dr. Brownell noted.
Michigan Memorial Phoenix
Project No. 41 is conducting the
first long term feeding and breed-
ing experiments using animals fed
with gamma-irradiated foods.
The new process was described
as a sort of compromise with
"Flavor problems prevent com-
plete sterilization. With a less-
than-sterilizing dose of radiation
we have to use refrigeration," Dr.
"If foods could be kept for two
or three months or longer by such
a process," they told the congress,
"the housewife might use an addi-
tional refrigerator solely for stor-
"In this regard, the process
would be competing with the use
of a deepfreezer, but it would be
used for food stored for shorter
"Food can be stored at 40 de-
See NEW, Page 2
CHICAGO (R)-Adlai Stevenson
announced yesterday that he will
enter the Democratic presidential
primaries of California, Florida,
Pennsylvania and Illinois next
He previously had decided to
enter the Minnesota primary.
Student Government Council
last night erupted into an un-
scheduled self-evaluation of itself,
with both members and constitu-
ents criticizing the Council at
various times during the regular
meeting in the Union.
Termed a "much-needed, one-
sided evaluation" by one ex-officio
member, the critical comments
grew in intensity from the be-
ginning of the meeting to the un-
usually-long period of member-
constituent time at the end, of the
As the first order of business
the Council voted to postpone un-
til their next meeting action con-
cerning student representation on
and recommendations to a com-
mittee which is expected to be set
up to implement administration of
the new driving proposals, "ap-
proved in principle" at Tuesday's
It was during this debate that
members first began to criticize
Saying that if questions of ad-
ministration of the new 21-year-
old driving regulations were not
to be decided directly by SGC,
Inter House Council President Tom
Bleha, '56, warned, "We are shirk-
ing our responsibility. It seems
that the idea of a committee is
becoming more and more the idea
of an escape clause," Bleha com-
Reiterating Bleha's comments,
League President Hazel Frank, '56,
said, "It would not hurt us to sit
down, roll up our sleeves and see
if we can't do something ourselves
Later on in the agenda of the
four-and-a-half hour meeting, the
Campus Affairs Chairman, Joe
Collins, '58, indicated that he had
"neither knowledge that a report
was being called for or that my
committee was even working int
this area" after being called upon
for a report on individual house
His comments touched off a
heated discussion as to where re-
sponsibility for communications
lay and the role of council officers.
During the discussion at the
close of the meeting, many mem-
bers expressed the view that other
Get Few Votes
LONDON (A)-Hugh Gaitskell, ai
moderate Socialist with pro-Am-,
erican views, last night won the
leadership of Britain's Labor
He thus became chief of opposi-
tion to the Eden Conservative.
party government and top candi-
date for prime minister in any
future Labor government.
Labor 'members of Parliament,
voting on a party successorto
ex-Prime Minister Clement Attlee,
gave the fast-rising 49-year-old
Gaitskell a clear majority. He re
ceived 157 of 267 ballots cast in a,
The Laborites rejected Aneurin
Bevan, left-wing leader often criti-
cal of American foreign policy, and
Herbert Morrison, faithfulsparty
wheelhorse who had served as Att-
lee's deputy for a decade. Bevan
received 70 votes and Morrison
Morrison, at 67, and Bevan at
58, probably are too old now to
have much chance to gain their
party's top prize.
Attlee served as leader for 20,
years before he stepped down
seven days ago and accepted an
Gaitskell, the party's recognized
intellectual and a former chancel-
lor of the exchequer, was expected
to have a long run in the post.
p Move 6 Hours
After Council OE
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. GP)-
4 ;... The United Nations last night ac
;. ; ~ cepted 16 new members at an ex
traordinary Assembly session.
l An amazing and unexpecte
s . Russian reversal of policy cleare
the way for the end of a 10-yea
stalemate on the membership is
-Daily-Dick Gaskill Quick Roll Call
ft-winger Ed Switzer powers home the Wolverines' first goal of last In a quick succession of roll
Number 11 on the left is Michigan's Neil Buchanan. call votes, the Assembly approve
12 non-Communist nations' and
Red countries which had cleare
IcersT ou nce Denvker the Security Council hurdle onl:
six hours earlier.
,r, ~Cheering delegates and the nrev
Sex tet, "z P t ts S tars members hailed the final deciso:
as historic" and a factor fa
By DAVE RORABACHER This raised the total UN mem
bership to 76. The new members
Roaring to a 6-2 victory over a fighting Denver squad the' Wol- eligible immediately to vote an
verine hockey team proved to the local fans last night that it is take part in UN debates, are th
definitely back in contention in the WIHL race. first to be included since Indonesi
The battling Wolverines displayed a vastly-improved passing was sworn in in 1950.
attack and all-around sharper stick-handling last night which con- The delegates voted unanimous
trasted sharply to the often shoddy play of Tuesday night's tie. ly for these non-Communist appli
The win gave Michigan two points and raised its season's cants: Ireland, .Portugal, Italy
total to five points. Austria, Finland, Ceylon, Nepa
Defenseman Bob Pitts played the greatest game of his collegiate Cambodia, and Laos,
career as he slammed in two scores and continually foiled the Pioneer Spain, which filed an applica
offense before a large weekdaytion only this fall after bein
offese efor a argewee* .barred for years by an Assembl
crowd of 2700 fans at the Coliseum. breutoryeasanptedb;
* . resolution, was accepted 55-0; Bel
Kilbey Scores D ixon-Y ate's gium and Mexico abstained.
Denver's first goal came halfway The Arab states, Libya and Jor
through the initial period when Firmn S uesdan were accepted 56-0 with Israe
Joe Kilbey flipped a weak roller abstaining..
MANY - Michigan le
conquest of Denver.
DETROIT P)--Striking stereo-.
typers mulled over a wage offer
from Detroit newspaper publishers
yesterday as the city-wide news-
paper strike finished its second
The AFL-CIO stereotypers un-
ion's scale committee called a
meeting to consider the offer,
made at a mediation session Tues-
day night. Mediators said the only
remaining issue was wages.
Further joint management-un-
ion sessions were held up pending
union action on the offer. Both
sides agreed to meet upon call
from the federal and state media-
tors. Another meeting is expected
Details of the wage offer were
not made public.
past Wolverine goalie Lorne Howes.
From then on it was a Michi-
gan runaway. The "Big Blue"
tallied three times on scores by
Ed Switzer, Pitts, and Tom Ren-,
t ' A ?TA C 114A "rY
GAIN IMADE : dall before the Pioneers managed
to garner another point. And
then their goal came by way of a
USSR LsReturn Michigan blunder as the Maize
and Blue defense accidently flipped
T ou r the puck backward into the net
From E ast Asian' while trying to clear it from the}
. , The referees awarded the tally
NEW DELHI, India (R)-Russia's roving salesmen went back!They whe warethe l -
across the Soviet borders yesterday leaving behind them the question ver man to handle the puck.
of just how far they have been able to pull India toward the Com- In the third period the game
munist camp. blew wide open. Leading by, a nar-
Present plans call for the Russians to return when the weather row 3-2 margin the Wolverines
ea n the ciio recntinn in the Af-han nanital ean gn on as Ihnr enwn on Pioneer goalie Dave
~,rove1unu1 en . The first of the 16 to be ad-
mitted was communist Albania,
WASHINGTON (A")-The gov- 48-3. China, Cuba and Greece
ernment was sued Tuesday for voted against Albania. Bulgaria
$3,534,778.45 damages for repud- was approved 50-2 and Hungary
and Romania were accepted 49-2.
ating the controversial Dixon- China and Cuba voted against
Yates power contract. them. Greece, the Netherlands. the
Mississippi Valley Generating Philippines, United States and the
Co. brought the suit in the U.S. ; Dominican Republic abstained on
Court of Claims. all of the Communist countries.
Russia used a veto to block a
This is the firm with which the Western attempt to include Japan,
Eisenhower administration, at the in the list.
behest of the President, signed a Events had moved swiftly with-
contract to supply private power E in the 25 hpurs from the time
to the Tennessee Valley Authority Russia and Nationalist China
area. The administration defended smashed the 18-package deal with
the contract for months. in the i V+ 1PziC -+a tr ite i rnn-