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December 01, 1955 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1955-12-01

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WHAT SHOULD
SCHOOLS ACCOMPLISH?
See Page 4

Y

ButF
Latest Deadline in the State

:43at'll

FAIR

VOL. LXVI, No. 54 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 1,1955

SIX PAGES

Argentine President
Destroys Peron Party;
Reinstates 'La Prensa'

Edgar Faure

Dissolves
Surprise

Assembly

In

Move; Orders Election

\

Wipes Out
Dictatorship
Remnants
BUENOS AIRES (te) - Argen-
tina's provisional government yest-
erday wiped out two legacies of
the Juan D. Peron dictatorship-
the party he created to maintain
absolute power and the expropria-
tion of the newspaper La Prensa.
President Pedro Aramburu, in
office only 18 days, issued two de-
crees, one ordering the Peronista
party dissolved and the other re-
storing La Prensa to its owners,
the Paz family, from whom it was
taken almost five years ago.
The Peronista party was organ-
ized at a mass meeting in July,
1949. Peron then had been. presi-
dent three years, supported by the
Labor party and a leftwing splin-
ter group of the Radical party.
The new party was dedicated to
him as its sole leader.
Estimated Two Per Cent
Its exact membership never was
known, but was estimated at 250,-
000 to 300,000, or about 2 per cent
of Argentina's population. As
Peron's power increased member-
ship became a. privilege for aver-
age citizens and brought any who
joined special advantages.
It became a smoothly operating
political machine'which smothered
all political opposition. When
Peron fell in the military revolt
last September, Peronistas held all
the Senate seats, all but 12 of 155
seats in the Chamber of Deputies,
sat on the benches of nearly all
the nation's courts and held most
of the provincial and local govern-
ment posts.
Its dissolution by decree, follow-
ing the government's seizure of the
General Confederation of Labor,
smashes both main arms of
Peron's regime.
La Prensa's expropriation by the
Peron government in 1951 was an-
other step in his relentless sup-
pression of all opponents. Under
the editor and director, Dr. Alberto
Gainza Paz, La Prensa was the
largest Spanish language news-
paper in the world, widely recog-
nized abroad for its independence.
Newsprint Seized
It was critical of Peron and in
1948 he launched a campaign to
force it to support him by seizing
part of its newsprint. Two years
later, he seized all its newsprint
stocks and denied it the right to
import more.
The campaign failed to silence
the newspaper and, in January,
1951, the Peronista News Vendors'
Union refused to distribute it. This
forced the big daily to suspend
publication. Three months later a
congressional commision seized
control of its property and records,
charging it with "anti-Argentine"
activities, The following month
Congress voted to expopriate La
Prensa and its was turned over to
the CGT.
Strike Affects
Detroit Papers
DETROIT ()-The AFL Ster-
eotypers Union tonight voted to
strike against Detroit's three daily
newspapers tomorrow morning.
Affected would be the morning
Detroit Free Press and the after-
noon Detroit News and Detroit
Times. The three papers have a
combined daily circulation of
about 1,300,000.
A two-year contract between the
union and the Detroit Newspaper
publishers Assn., representing the

three dailies, expired at midnight
yesterday. '
The publishers association said
the union has asked that an extra
,crew be provided to process color
plates, with a minimum of a full
day's pay, and that overtime be
paid for handling any material
4. not used on the same day.
George Robinson, president of
the Detroit Stereotypers Union,

DRIVE SAFELY:'
Reductions in Traffic
DeathsIs S-D Day Goal
CHICAGO (P)-Today is S-D Day - the day you try harder
than ever to stay alive and save other lives.
The safe driving day- campaign is a mammoth effort to cut
traffic deaths through extra caution. Each motorist and pedestrian
plays a vital role.
The nation has come to the eve of S-D Day with a 1955 highway
safety record that gives safety experts little to cheer about.
Seven Per Cent Increase
The National Safety Council reported yesterday that nearly 31,000

MONKEY WRENCH?
Lewis Demands CIO
Repayment of Old Loan
NEW YORK ()-United Mine Workers chieftain John L. Lewis
yesterday demanded that the CIO repay an old loan from his union.
He was told "the CIO owes you no money."
Lewis' action was viewed as an attempt to throw a last-minute
monkey wrench into the smoothly moving merger plans of the AFL
and CIO.
He dunned'the CIO for $1,665,000 he claimed the UMW loaned the
CIO in its struggling infancy in the late 1930s.
Lewis Wants Money
And Lewis said he wanted the money before the CIO was
"liquidated" in the forthcoming merger. The labor bodies vote on
the merger in separate conven- ,-
tions starting today. The combi- * ,
nation is to be finalized in a joint ientation

persons were killed on America's1
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
Patrols Cut...
NEW CASTLE, Ind. - National
Guard patrols were cut from 90
to 30 here today, and Adj. Gen.
H. A. Doherty said some troops
will be kept on until strikers have
begun returning to jobs with Per-
fect Circle Corp.
Guarding against any recur-
rence of the riot at the little piston
ring foundry Oct. 5, Gen. Doherty
said the newly arrived unit of 25
Guardsmen from Greensburg prob-
ably will stay here until next Tues-
day or Wednesday. He said he
expects the first callback of strik-
ers to come Monday.
Doherty said he set up that time-
table after consulting with Mayor
Paul F. McCormack, whose appeal
first brought troops to the foundry
the night after the riot. Guards-
men have been here all the time
since then, except for six days
before Thanksgiving. -
The adjutant general said Gov.
Craig also approved continuing
the patrols.
* * .
More Violence .. .
WASHINGTON - Government
officials who keep tabs on, labor
affairs say there has been a notable
increase in labor violence this
year. They add that it is still
a comparative rarity.
More instances of beatings,
shootings, property damage and
picket line disturbances seem to
have flared up in 1955 than in
several years gone by.
* * *
Churches Pressure...
OMAHA - The National Coun-
cil of Churches General Board
yesterday adopted a resolution
urging 144,000 member churches
to bring pressure against the U.S.
Department of Agriculture for re-
lease ofdsurplus grain for over-
seas needy.
The action came after R. Nor-
ris' Wilson, director of the Na-
tional Council's relief arm, told
the board's quarterly meeting ef-
forts to free Commodity Credit
Corporation wheat and corn under
terms of a 1954 law had been un-
successful.
* * * .
Death Toll 14,.
FAIRBANKS, Alaska - The
Air Force reported yesterday that
the death toll had reached 14 in
Tuesday's explosive crash of a jet
fighter plane into housing units
at Eielson Air Force Base.
At least six children in two
families and three women were
among the known dead.
Eight others were injured as
the veering plane demolished one
eight-family building and spread
flames to five others at the base
26 miles southeast of the interior
Alaska city.
* * *
Snowstorms Dwindle...
Snowstorms that paralyzed areas
in Michigan and New York-
dwindled to flurries yesterday but

highways the first 10 months this
year-a 7 per cent increase over
1954.
The October traffic toll of 3,920
is 12 per cent ahead of the corres-
ponding 1954 month and the
largest for any one month since
the record high total of December
1941.
"If anyone thinks S-D Day is
just a lot of shouting about noth-
ing, stop and think about these
figures," said Ned H. Dearborn,
safety council president.
Lack of Responsibility
"S-D Day is a one-day effort to
wake people up. The auto is here
to stay, but I have my doubts
about a lot of drivers if they keep
up this flagrant lack of responsi-
bility on the highways."
The President's Committee for
Traffic Safety designated today as
S-D Day for two purposes: To
achieve a sharp reduction in traf-
fic accidents on that day and every
day, and to demonstrate that safe
driving is a necessity on ordinary
weekdays as well as on weekends
and during holiday periods.
Special Effort
Police departments and civic or-
ganizations across the country will
make a special' effort today to
cut down traffic deaths. Banners
urging motorists to drive safely
have been draped along many
streets. President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower appealed to all Americans
to help reduce accidents.
The Associated Press will con-
duct a continuous nationwide sur-
vey of traffic deaths throughout
the day. An AP spot survey on
Nov. 17-a comparable day--show-
ed 69 traffic fatalities.
Ensian Goes
On Sale Today
The '56 Ensian will be sold today
at the Diag, Engine Arch, and
Union from 9-12 and 1-3 p.m.

-Daily-Sam Ching
WORKSHOPPER-In process of making Christmas present.
Galens To Begin.
Christmas Drive
By DONNA HANSON
An atmosphere of Christmas is beginning to prevail in the Galen
Workshop on the ninth floor of University Hospital.'
Sponsored by Galens. an honorary medical society, the workshop1
provides both educational and playful diversion for all hospitalized
children. Equipment and a teacher are supplied by Galens who spon-f
sor an annual December drive to procure money needed.
Drive to Begin
The 27 members of Galen Society will be standing on street corners;
Friday and Saturday with silver buckets and tags. The proceeds for
. %the sale of tags will supply a,

Reds Permit
Turncoat
To Go Home
HONG KONG ()-Richard R.
Tenneson, American GI who elect-
ed to go to. Red China after the
Korean War, has been allowed to
leave that country, it was re-
ported Yesterday.
The British Red Cross received
word from the Chinese Red Cross
of Tenneson's release. He is ex-
pected here today.
Tenneson was one of 21 turn-
coat GIs who denounced condi-
tions in the United States and
asked to be accepted in Red China
as "free men." Peiping agreed to
this on Jan. 27, 1954.
Earlier he had written his
mother, Mrs. Portia Howe, of Al-
1den, Minn., that he was staying
with communism because, "I love
peace, I love mankind."
His mother, convinced her son
by a previous marriage had been
thoroughly brainwashed by his,
Red captors, flew to Tokyo, hope-
ful of meeting him face to face,
but the Army would nt let her go
to Korea.
In a letter toMrs. Howe last

teacher's salary, arts and crafts
supplies and equipment used in the
shop for an entire year.
In addition to supplying the
workshop with facilities, Galens
also give a Christmas party and
gifts yearly.
During the morning workshop
routine, the children are given an
education in a unique manner.
This winter, the subject of their
teaching is animals. They model
various animals known to live in
Michigan out of clay, add and
divide them to learn arithmetic
and read and write about them
for English.
Not Mere Reading
"If we told them to merely read
a chapter about Dick and Jane,
we would have some very unhappy
children," Mary Bancroft, asst.
director of the Hospital school ex-
plained.
Although some children are un-
able to come to the Galen Work-
shop, they are still reached by
teachers down in tle wards with
arts and craft materials bought
by Galen Drive proceeds.
Union To Run
SBX With No
Basic Changes

convention next week.
In a quick reply by letter,. CIO
Secretary - Treasurer James, B.
Carey said Lewis was wrong about
two things.
Carey Comments
IFirst, the CI0 will not be "liqui-
dated" in the merger, Carey said.
and second, "the CIO owes you no
money."
"You have achieved the momen-
tary ripple of publicity which you
sought to relieve the boredom of
your isolation from the demo-
cratic labor movement," Carey
told Lewis.
Carey made it clear the CIO has
no intention of meeting Lewis' de-
mand. Other CIO spokesmen said
the funds advanced by the UMW
had always been considered gifts
to the CIO.
Lewis Broke Away
Lewis at the time was head of
both the UMW and the CIO. It
was he who broke away from the
parent AFL and led the formation
of the CIO as a rival organization.
Later he took his mine workers
into the independent status they
retain to this day.
Lewis is known to be against
the AFL-CIO merger. He has
called it a "rope of sand." His

Plans Given
To Council
By GA1L GOLDSTEIN
Discussion of plans for the fall
semester, 1956, orientation program.
were heard at the Student Govern-
ment Council meeting last night.
SGC Vice-president Joel Tauber,
'57, who attended the orientation
program meeting explained the
switch in calanders.
It provides for a full fifteen-.
week semester, a ten-day Christ-
mas vacation. period, and classes
starting on Thursday instead of
Monday cutting the orientation
and registration program to three
days.
Plan Recommended
Student members attending the
meeting recommended a plan for
orientation of nev students. It
was subsequently referred to a
study committee to be appointed
by James A. Lewis, vice-president
for student affairs.
The plan called for summer'
weekends to be set aside for test-

Acts Despite
Own Party's
Opposition
Maneuver Sets
New Precedent
PARIS-The French Cabinet de-
cided yesterday to dissolve the
National Assembly and hold new
elections.
At this stage. Premier Edgar
Faure appeared to have turned a
seeming defeat into victory. He
has been campaigning all along
for early elections, but the devious
approach to them was a surprise
even in French politics.
The Assembly gave Faure a vote
of no-confidence Tuesday, usually
the signal for the government's
immediate resignation. But the
size of the Assembly vote against
him brought into play ,an obscure
constitutional provision permitting
the Cabinet to order dissolutions.
Unprecedented Decision
The unprecedented decision was
announced yesterday following a
3 i/-hour Cabinet session at the
Elysee Palace, the French White
House. No date was given for the
elections, but they must come be-
tween 20 and 30 days after the
dissolution order is handed down
Faure told newsmen later this
constitutional time limit raises
problems. If the order is handec
down immediately, the voting
would come during the Christmas
vacation, perhaps on Christmas
Day.
Faure and most of his associates
will remain on the job to handle
the government's day-to-day af-
fairs and oversee the elections.

action was interpreted by observ- ing and counseling of new students.

ers as an attempt to embarrass
CIO and AFL leaders who are all
set for quick approval of the.
merger.
Owens Sends Letter
Lewis' dun for the money was
in the form of a letter from UMW
Secretary-Treasurer John Owens
to Carey.
A UJMW spokesman declined to.
say what the UMW would do if
the money was not repaid. Asked
if he expected the CIO to take the
matter up at its convention open-
ing tomorrow, he said, "I would
assume that's the honorable thing
to do."
The AFL and CIO yesterday'
completed final plans for forma-
tion of a single 16-million-member
union federation.

Pre-registration for new students
and undergraduates are included
also.
It was suggested following con-
sensus of opinion of those attend-
ing the meeting that full program
of orientation could not be hand-
led in the three day period before
classes.
Everyone Satisfied?
SGC president Hank Berliner,
'56, said he felt the new calander
settled the wishes of.the students,
who wanted one dead day before
exams, the faculty who wanted a
full fifteen week semester, the
athletic department who did not
want too miuch time cut from fall
football practice, and the admin-
istration who wanted time for the
orientation program.

Considerable Opposition
The decision to dissolve the
balky French Assembly and go
over its head to the people directly
in an election was. taken against
considerable opposition yesterday,
which included many members of
Premier Edgar Faure's Radical
Socialist Party.
Five ministers of Faure's party
refused to go along with his de-
cision.
It was an agonizing choice for
France's .21st premier since the
war, and an equally bitter pill for
the left-of-center coalition which
voted to oust him for the very
reason that he wanted to dissolve
the Assembly and hold early
national elections.
Up to Faure
Part of Faure's Radical Social-
ist Party, led by former Premier
Pierre Mendes-France, who wants
regularly scheduled elections in
June, voted against dissolution of
the Parliament. But constitution-
al experts agreed it was up to
Faure to decide.
President Rene Coty was re-
ported adamantly opposed to dis-
solution.
Date Decided Todav

The yearbooks are being sold for September, the soldier said fle i
$6. Price will be raised to $6.50 would be returning home soon. Stuen Boo Echsan s be
Dec. 9. He said one of the reasons he Irun "baial the ame" asritghas
Today is the last day to return wanted to leave China rested on been run in the past" according to
page contracts for all organiza- ."certain weaknesses in my char- TBodd Leif, '56, Union president.
tions who want pictures in the acter" that make it "very uncom- SBX,delegated to the Union
Ensian. fortable and impossible to stay." by Student Government Council
last month, will still be run by a
manager and assistant manager
New York Votes To Back who petition for positions.
New o~skVote To ackThe manager will be under jur-
isdiction of Union officials who
- a must make a report to SGC at the
Harri-Man in'56-De Sapio end f pinwemser. ty
SGC made it clear when they
WASHINGTON (M)-Gov. Averell Harriman's political quarter- da one-yeartrial baiwas "strictly on
back pushed New York's chief executive into the field of serious At a recent meeting the Council
contenders for the 1956.Democratic presidential nomination yesterday. 3 decided to turn over the Exchange
Carmine DeSapio, New York national committeeman and Tam- without making the Union respon-
many Hall leader, said at at National Press Club luncheon that sible for eliminating a $360 debt
Harriman is more than "a token of favorite son candidate" for the accumulated by the non-profit ex
nomination. change in past years.
This declaration, linked with DeSapio's prediction that New SGC inheirited SBX last year
York's 98 presidential nominating votes will be solidly behind him, when SL went out of existence.
cast Harriman in the role of a--

Ike May Campaign By TV,
Radio-If He Seeks Election
CHICAGO (P)-Republican leaders considered yesterday the pos-
sibility that President Dwight D. Eisenhower may campaign mainly
by television and radio-if he decides to seek a second term.
Leonard W. Hall, GOP national chairman, mentioned that pos-
sibility after he told newsmen that the. President's decision may be
delayed until late February or early March, following a physical ex-
amination.
Hall held a news conference while members of the Republican,
National Committee laid the groundwork for a 1956 election drive
<' egged to a "peace and prosperity"I

Date of the Assembly's dissolu-
tion and the time for the general
elections will be decided today.
There was a chance the As-
sembly could retaliate before Faure
ended its powers.
Acting quickly, the members
might be able to pass a censure
vote against him. This automati-
cally would throw him from office.
But there could be elections.
Not since 1877 has a government
leader dared dissolve Parliament.

4

powerful aspirant lying in wait for
Adlai E. Stevenson or others who
might stumble in the preconven-
tion battling.
Previously Harriman had said he
would take the nomination if it
came his way but was not an
"active" candidate and would not
enter any presidential primaries.
Stevenson, the 1952 nominee who
wants the prize again, already has
agreed to enter the March 20
Minnesota primary. What he him-
self has called a "highly encourag-
ing" reception in Florida has
heightened expectations he may
Pn,. tha ,nP' M, 9nA.gi .

PLANS UNDERWAY:
For Return of Chicago House to Men

By LEE MARKS I So far, though publicity for the
Elaborate preparations are being program is just underway, more
made for return of West Quad's than a dozen students have filed
Chicago House to the men in Feb- application to live in Chicago
ruary. House.
Converted for coed use in 1953 it A letter has been sent out to
will be reconverted with the women residents of the three men's quad-
moving en masse to the new Couz- rangles asking students interested
ens Hall addition. in helping start the newly con-

in the House, reinstituting an an-
nual banquet and helping Chicago
House residents establish profes-
sional contacts in the Chicago
area..
Speak to New Members
Hale said a member of the Chi-
cago Alumni Club plans to come
up during orientation week and.

theme. NAACP
The chairman, who Monday had Panel. D
his first meeting with President1
Eisenhower since the President's "Advantages
Sept. 24 heart attack, reiterated of Interracial1
his belief that President Eisenhow- mitories" willl
er will run "if he feels he is able." panel discussio
Hall said he and the President in Auditorium
talked about many phases of the Prof. Theod
political situation and'-added that Oscar Grusky
he came away from the Gettys- department ar
burg, Pa., meeting with the of the sociolo
thought that President Eisenhower participate.
has a "continuing interest" in the
subject. nL *

To -Hold
~iscussion
and Disadvantages
Roommates in Dor-
be the subject of a
n at 8 p.m. tonight
B, Angell Hall.
ore Newcomb and
of the psychology
nd Hubert Blalock
gy department will
41 r .^ a . r! a

I

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