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November 18, 1955 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1955-11-18

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Sixty-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER .AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. 0 ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

SWe , I"WasNie AndWarm In July"

AT THE STATE:
'Tall Men' Dreary
ATale of Western Love,
ANY NON-ANEMIC cinema patron can bet at least one pint of blood
that some ingenious Hollywood historian-scenarist is soon going to
rip out another "page" from the tumultuous legend of the Wild West.
In "The Tall Men," screenwriters Sydney Boehm and Frank Nugent
have accomplished just such a deed for November. They have set their

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers on ly. This must be noted in all reprints.

Y, NOVEMBER 18, 1955

NIGHT EDITOR: GAIL GOLDSTEIN

Pep Rally Fate
Depends on Audience

SOME PEOPLE like football.
To others, the .whereabouts of their tickets
is of no import whatever. But for everybody,
concern over what happens at the stadium
tomorrow is already deep-felt.
Nothing has to be said about what's at stake.
What's important is that the enthusiasm felt in
all campus quarters this week-and built to a
climax through the season-be channeled at,
tonight's organized pep rally.
' Organized," perhaps, is an understatement.
The Central Pep Rally Committee, getting its
start just this year, has gone to extreme lengths
to make the rally a rally and not a fiasco.
ANN ARBOR people who trekked to Cham-
paign two weeks ago spoke with awe of the
Illin pep rally on the eve of the game. It
wasn't forced or stilted. People came, because
they wanted to. And when they left, reluctant-
ly, the rally feeling remained-lasting, as the
headlines screamed, through Saturday.

Few students know what their support might
mean to the team. This isn't a rah-rah epoch
in University history, and it's fashionable, in
some quarters, to keep enthusiasm to a mini-
mum. But tonight's rally-actually an innova-
tion in student life-calls for the interest of as
many of the 97,000 seatholders as possible.
It might be cold. There might be a good
movie as an alternative. But the pep rally
entertainment has been planned to meet almost
any tastes: band, players, cheerleaders and
coaches, sharing a program with several other
groups, plan to do what they can to 'generate
the kind of enthusiasm which leafs to major
upsets and prevents anticlimaxes in the grid-
iron season.
People who mutter to each other that there's
no spirit to be found in Washtenaw County
might take a second look tonight. In all prob-
ability they'll be surprised-pleasantly.
--JANE HOWARD
Daily Associate Editor

story of love, fear, envy, passion,
river-gutted purple and tan plains
of the Old West.
CLARK GABLE meets Jane
Russell in a Montana snow storm
and they find refuge in a tiny log
cabin surrounded by stately pine
trees. She builds a fire on the
living room floor. He takes off
her boots and stockings and rubs
her legs in the full dimensional
chafe of Stereophonic Sound. She
likes it and puts her feet against.
his back. He grins and removes
his own boots. She sighs. He cooks
a rabbit. She eats. He kisses her.
She puts him off. He eats. He
kisses her. She sings a wistful,
unaccompanied song: "I wish I
was a peach tree, a growin' in the
ground and every time my sweet
passed by I'd shake some peaches
down ... if he wants them peach-
es of mine; he'll have to dlim' the
tree.''
To exactly what length the
couple must go to keep warm is
made sufficiently ambiguous to
appease the censor. Just before
they leave the cabin they fight:
she is a simple, uneducated-but
friendly-girl who wants the lux-
uries of life; he, a hard-bitten
fiercely-driven tough lad, wants to
settle down on a ranch in Prairie
Dog Creek, Texas. The eventually
get together again, but not until
they have survived several Hercu-
lean tasks: 4,000 cattle stamped-
ing, a gun encounter with maraud-
ing Jayhawkers, lurking, warring
Indians who threaten their very
lives.
IN A DUSKY; deep-hued early
evening they meet beside a Cine-
maScope campfire. She is sing-
ing: .. . I'd shake some peaches
down * " He takes off her
boots.
Miss Russell isstill the only
actress in the Americas - North
and South - who exhibits every
emotion with the same expression,
a cross between petulent-puckered
and grotesque-glaring. Mr. Gable
is still trying to prove that a man
can be virile and exciting after 55.
--Ernest Theodossin

DA]IY
OFFICIAL
BULIETIN

kindines an advntur inth

I,

U' Lectures Should Not be Missed

STUDENTS are losing the value of University
lectures because of their general get-away-
with-as-little-as-possible attitude.
Speakers are brought from every state of the
union and some foreign countries to deliver
talks on topics ranging from Byzantine art
studies to biophysics. They are all top men and
women in their fields, which include science,
industry, journalism, education and business.
Numerous speeches are scheduled weekly with-
in the various schools and departments of the
University, and each week's fare is varied and
different from the week before.
Authorities as these persons may be, the num-
ber of students that attend their lectures is not
what it should be. All that saves these lectures
from complete embarrassment on the Univer-
sity's part is the instructor who sends his class
to the lecture for information as a part of their
study, ort to write a report on the speech
itself.
There are also the lecturers who, like Walt
Kelly last spring, just naturally draw a large
audience. These, however, are in the minority.
Many guests find themselves speaking before
a groupthat fails to nunber in the 40's.

W1'HY, then, do so many students Tail to at-
tend these talks? Although many of the
speeches are concerned with limited topics, they
are a part and often a foundatign of larger
studies. No student could possibly be inter-
ested in all the lectures, but he could find
many of. interest to himself without any
trouble
Certainly the lack of attendance is not due
to publicity. University lectures are publicized
as far as two weeks in advance with posters
all over campus.
The lack of interest should probably be at-
tributed to a general reluctance to do more than
is necessary that seems to prevail among a
large, far too large, number of students. Per-
haps this is just another facet of a general
apathy toward all non-social phases of campus
life.
Whatever one attributes this lack of interest
to, it is certainly time to reconsider. Those
10 by 14 inch posters that hang on all campus
bulletin boards should be looked at a little
more closely.- The words "A University Lec-
ture" mean value and education.
-VERNON NAHRGANG

qp$,x-Coe WeAtsfcro^) oar 4.
WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
Adlai Plans Farm Vote Fight
By DREW PEARSON

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
The Post-Geneva World
By WALTER LIPPMANN

H ARRY TRUMAN, who carries
great weight in the Democratic
Party, was talking to one of his
former Cabinet members about the
probable Democratic nominee for
President.
He expressed the opinion that
the Democratic Party had three
serious and strong candidates -
Adlai StevensonSenator Kef au-
ver, and Governor Harriman of
New York.
"We don't want to be caught
without a candidate," Truman's
former Cabinet member suggested.
"No sir, we don't," the ex-
President replied. "I'm going to
this convention with a candidate."
"If anything happens to Steven-
son," suggested his friend, "if he
doesn't gather strength - then
what?"
"Then it could be Estes," said
the man who did his best to block
Kefauver at the '52 convention but
who has made up with him re-
cently.
THE ADLAI STEVENSON Brain
Trust has come up with the idea
of having its candidate do a Ke-
fauver in the farm belt - in
other words, go on a handshaking
tour.
They remember that the coon-
skin-capped Senator from Ten-
nessee just went round shaking
hands with people in 1952. He had
no money to spend on radio or TV,
so he shook hands. Results was
to win him more delegates than
any other candidate.
So Stevenson advisers suggest
he do the same this year in the

farm belt. With the farm problem
likely to swing the next election,
they propose that Adlai visit parts
of the farm belt, drop in on farm-
ers, listen to their problems, let
them see what kind of a real
human being he is.
MEANWHILE, GOP advisers
with their ear to the ground are
almost frothing at the mouth over
the rumbling farm revolt. This
was the reason for the gripes
against Ezra Benson inside the
Cabinet from such politically
minded Ikeites as Attorney Gen-
eral Brownell and Postmaster
General Summerfield. They've
heard reports of such meetings as
that in Decatur, Ill., where the
Farm Bureau, asked whether it
approved Benson's policies, voted
60 to 1 against him. And the Farm
Bureau hitherto has been strongly
Republican.
They also know, because Brow-
nell was Dewey's campaign man-
ager, how important the farm vote
was in defeating Governor Dewey
in 1948.
Deweyites recall how GOP Kan-
sas leaders Harry Darby and Andy
Schoeppel came aboard the Dewey
train with long face to warn that
the farm vote was slipping. They
also recall that Dewey did surpris-
ingly well in the big cities, even
carried San Francisco. But it was
the farm vote that turned the
tide.
Deweyites are warning the pres-
ent palace guard in the White
House that the farm vote can do
the same thing next year.

SHORTLY AFTER Adlai Stev-
enson was nominated for President
in 1952, he left Chicago for Spring-
field, where the man who put him
across at the convention, Col. Jack
Arvey, had some trouble seeing
him.
Arvey wanted to- urge the ap-
pointment of Mike Fanning, Post-
master of Los Angeles, as Demo-
cratic National Chairman. But
when he finally got /Adiai on the
phone he was flabbergasted to find
that Adlai had already made his
own choice - Steve Mitchell of
Chicago.
Not only had Stevenson appoint-
ed Mitchell without consulting Ar-
vey, but Mitchell was one of Ar-
vey's democratic opponents in
Chicago.
* * *
FROM THAT time on, Stevenson
saw little of the man who made
him. This was not because either
one soured on the other personally,
but because Adlai was surrounded
by a group of advisers who wanted
him to play down the criticism
that he'd been nomiinated'by the
big-city bosses. Stevenson worked
at this so hard that some of the,
big-city bosses knifed him. They
just didn't get out the vote. That
was one reason why Eisenhower's
majority over Stevenson in Demo-
cratic city .strongholds ran so
much farther ahead than was ex-
pected.
Today some of those Democratic
bosses.are still lukewarm if not
opposed to Adlai-. But this time
he's leaning over backward to,
warm them up.
(Copyright, 1955, by Bell syndicate, Inc.)

WHETHER OR not we are to think that the
spirit of Geneva is dead depends on what
we think the spirit of Geneva is. There are
some who seem to think that because Vae
Russians had made themselves more agreeable,
they were promising to agree with us.
Mr. Dulles,,.supported by Messrs. MacMillan
and Pinay, chose to act as if he thought that
being agreeable and agreeing were much the
same thing-as if the spirit of Geneva meant.
that step by step the Soviet Union would accept
our terms for the reunification of Germany and
the liberation of the satellites. It is most
improbable, of course, that Mr. Dulles actually
thought the Soviets would accept our terms.
But .when he went to the second Geneva con-
ference, he led the American people to suppose
that he expected the Soviet Union to begin
acting ash tey were going to accept our terms.
If the spirit of Geneva meant that our terms
were going to be accepted, then of course the
spirit of Geneva is dead. But the fact is that in
this sense the spirit of Geneva never existed,
and to suppose that it did was a dangerous
delusion.
T HE REAL spirit of Geneva is, however, very
much with us, as much today as before Mr.
Molotov made his statements, and its affects
deeply and radically the relations between the
Soviet system and our own. It has been said
before, but it cannot be said too often, that at
the summit meeting in July a public accord was
reached that neither side would, because neither
side could, resort to thermo-nuclear war.
The real spirit of Geneva is the result of that
accord, of the fact that it is impossible to
threaten war and therefore unnecessary to fear
war in which the great powers participate.
This accord was not a bit of Soviet tactics or
a public relations stunt devised by the Presi-
dent's psychological warriors, heads of the
governments were drawn and pushed towards
the meeting at the summit when the news
about the hydrogen bomb had spread among
their own peoples and the masses of mankind.
They had to purge themselves publicly of all
suspicion that they might be toying with the
idea of a thermo-nuclear war.
On both sides of the Iron Curtain it had
Mt NE 1a M1 a

become a vital interest to convince the massez
of the people about the intentions of the big
governments. Both sides had much to gain
from making a public demonstration that they
were not thinking of war. The Soviets gained
by it in that they were able to reduce the fear
of military aggression; it has been this fear
which, more than anything else, has held to-
gether the Western military coalition.
We gained by it because: our position among
our closest allies had been seriously undermined
by a fear that we might resort to a preventive
war. But whether we gained or lost by it,
whether the Soviets gained or lost by it, there
was no alternative to making the demonstration
which was made in July at Geneva.
This was the true spirit of Geneva-a reali-
zation and an acknowledgment that the big
armaments were at a stalemate and were neu-
ralized. The necessary consequence of this was
that the unsettled questions, like Germany,
could not be settled by attempting to force one
side or the other to give in.
The terms that Mr. Dulles took to Geneva
would have been evcellent if the Soviet Union
had surrendered unconditionally. His terms ig-
nored entirely the true spirit of Geneva which
was that since nothing can now be settled by
force, it is-necessary to maneuver and to bar-
gain and to trade. The Western terms at Gen-
eva had in them no room for maneuver, no.
material for bargaining, no chance for trading.
THIS MISCALCULATED absolutism has play-
ed right into the hands of the Soviets. For
while they have rejected the Dulles-MacMillan-
Pinay proposals, they have left themselves
plenty of room to maneuver in West Germany.
We have worked ourselves into a position where
we cannot unfreeze our terms without loss of
face in Germany, without endangering Dr.
Adenauer's position, and without destructive
repercussions in NATO. Mr. Dulles may have
out-talked Mr. Molotov in the debates at
Geneva. But the Soviets have gained and we
have lost ground in Germany.
It is now a grave possibility that the West
will be allowed out of the negotiations for the
settlement of the German question.
This is almost certain to happen unless-let
us hope in agreement with Dr. Adenauer-we
can find some way to make our German policy
negotiable. We shall be elbowed out of the
German settlement because the Germans them-

LETTERS
to the
EDITOR
Disagreement...
To the Editor:
R E Miss Kovitz's editorial "Does
University Offer Intellectual
Challenge?"
I am a "typical midwesterner."
Therefore, I have a low "level of
sophistication." This prevents me
from having "intellectual experi-
ence." Therefore, I come to a
"conservative, overly moralistic
university."
I wish I Could be an "Ivy League
Student" so that I, too, "would be
able to discuss the works of Eliot
at a party."
But, not being sophisticated
enough, I am forced to sit here at
the University of Michigan, con-
fined by 12:30 per and the neces-
sity of memorizing the Speech 31
book.
--Nora Lea Paseik, '57
Good Edit...
To the Editor:
MANY thanks for Ethel Kovitz'
fine editorial, "Does the Uni-
versity Offer Intellectual Chal-
lenge." Every point is well-taken
and of considerable importance.
I should like to suggest that all
possible emphasis be given to the
recent conference.
-Annette R. Bauman

I.:
THE Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes nomeditorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be in
by 2 p.m. Friday.
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1955
VOL. LXVII, NO. 46
General Notices
Payments for board and room for the
second half of the fall semester are
to be made in all league houses by
Sat., Nov. 19.
Late Permission for women students
who attended the lecture on Tues.,
Nov. 15 will be no later than 10:45 p.m.
Late Permission: All women students
will have a 1:30 late permission on Sat.,
Nov. 19. women's residences will be
open until 1:25 a.m.
Housing Applications for graduate and
undergraduate women students now
registered' on campus and wishing to
move for the spring semester of 1956
will open at noon on Tues., Dec. 1. Only
'those With No Housing Commitment
May Apply. Applications will be accept-
ed for both Residence Halls and League
House accommodations until the num-
ber of available spaces are filled.
The National Science Foundation an-
nounces senior postdoctoral fellowships
in science, to be awarded to individuals
planning additional study and/or re-
search, with a view to (a) increasing
their competence 'in their specialized
fields of science or (b) broadening their
experience in related fields of science.
Fellowships are available to any U.S.
citizen who, at the time of application,
has held a doctoral degree in one of the
fields of basic science for a minimum
of five years, or who has had the
equivalent in research experience and
training. Those holding an M.D., DD..S.,
or D.V.M. degree for at least five years
and who desires further training for a
career in research will also be eligible.
Stipend will be based on the Fellow's
normal salary as of the time he makes
application. No award will be less than
$4000 or more than $10,000 per annum.
Allowances are made for travel, tuition,
fees, unusual research expenses, and
special equipment in an amount not to
exceed $600. Tenure will normally be
either an academic year of nine month,
or a calendar year of twelve months.
The deadline is January 16, 1956. Appli-
cations and informatlpn may be ob.
tained from the Division of Scientific
Personnel and Education, National
Science Foundation, Washington 26
D. C.
The following student sponsored social
events are approved for the coming
weekend. Social chairmen are reminded.
that requests for approval -for social
events are due in the Office of Student
Affairs not later than 12:00 noon on the
Tuesday prior to the event.
Nov. 18: Alpha Xi Delta, Betsy Bar-
bauor, Couzens, Delta Theta Phi, East
Quad, Graduate Outing Club, Lawyers
Club, Helen Newberry, Stockwell, Tyler-
Strauss, West Quad Council.
Nov. 19: Acacia, Adams House, Allen
Rumsey, Alpha Epsilon Pi, Alpha. Gam-
ma Delta, Alpha Omega, Alpha Kappa
Kappa, Alpha Sigma Phi, Alpha Tau
Omega, Beta Theta Pi Chi Phi, Chi Psi,
Chicago, Collegiate Sorosis, Delta Chi,
Delta Sigma Delta, Delta Sigma Phi,
Delta Sigma Pt, Delta Tau Delta, Delta
Theta Phi. Delta Upsilon, Evans Schol-
ars, Gomberg, India Students Associa-
tion, Jordan, Kappa Alpha Psi, Kappa
Sigma, Lambda Chi Alpha, Michigan
House, Nu Sigma Nu, Phi Alpha Kappa,
Phi Chi, Phi Delta Phi, Phi Delta Theta,
Phi Epsilon Pi, Phi Gamma Delta, Phi
Kappa Sigma, Phi Kappa Tau, Phi
Sigma Delta, Phi Sigma Kappa, P
Lambda Phi, PI Beta Phi, Psi Omega,
Sigma Alpha Epsilon, Sigma Alpha Mu,
Sigma Nu, Sigma. Phi, Tau Delta Phi,
Taylor-Huber, Theta Chi, Theta Xi,
Triangle, van Tyne, Winchell, Zeta Beta
Tau, Zeta Psi.
Nov, 20: Lester Coop., Mosher Hal-
Allen Rumsey, Phi Delta Phi, Stockwell,
victor vaughan.
British Summer Schools will be repre-
sented in Ann Arbor Monday Nov. 28
by Frank W. Jessup of Oxford Univer-
sity. He will publicize international
summer schools at Stratford, London,
Oxford, and Edinburgh, and would-like
to meet faculty members and students
interested in the offerings in Britain
for the summer of 1956. Further infor-
mation in the Office of the Graduat@
School.

Lectures
University Lecture, Department of
Neurology, by Dr. Howard Fabing of
Cincinnati at 11:00 a.m., Fri., Nov. 18
in the Neuropsychiatric Institute Am-
phitheater, on "Epilepsy and the Law."
Lecture by Jose Mora, Uruguayan am-
bassador to the U.S., on "The Contri-
bution of the Organization of American
States to Peace in the Americas." Fri.,
Nov. 18, 7:30 .p.m., Rackham Amphi-
theater.
Academic Notices
Students, College of Engineering: The
final day for Dropping Courses Without
Record will be Fri., Nov. 18. A course
may be dropped only with the permis-
sion of the classifier after conference

,

PUBLIC SCHOOL INTEGRATION:
Southern Negro Teachers Hardest Hit

By The Associated Press
NEGRO teachers will, lose some
jobs when public school inte-
gration become an actuality, and
the Negro teacher's prestige and
higher social position may suffer
somewhat.
But an Associated Press survey
in the 12 states where separation
of the races has been traditional
indicated recently that these pos-
sibilities have aroused no great
fear among the more than 75,000
Negro teachers.
Nor have the sparked among
this group any substantial opposi-
tion to changing the old pattern
of separate classrooms for white
and Negro students.
ORDERED by the U.S. Supreme
Court last May, the movement
toward integration is going for-
ward more or less in the antici-
pated pattern-slowly, but almost
certainly, surely. And it was prod-
ded along a bit by two court deci-
sions last month.
They involved admission of Ne-
groes to white colleges in Florida
and Tennessee, but they may have
set a pattern for public school in-
tegration in those states. Both
delayed admission of Negroes to
the institutiones, but both decreed
it nsh- a ,nna nne nr nr ito,1+

In at least one state, Virginia,
the average pay for Negro teachers
is higher than that for white
teachers because of the long tenure
of Negroes and percentagewise,
higher qualifications.
Foes of integration have fre-
quently asserted that Negro teach-
ers would suffer through loss of
jobs in integrated schools.
But J. K. Haynes of Baton
Rouge, La., generally summed up
the thinking when he said Louisi-
ana Negro teachers realize that "in
any great social change, someone
is likely to lose his job."
TWO OTHER factors figure in
the Negroes' thnking along that
line. One is the shortage of white
teachers and belief that in most of
the states for some time any inte-
gration will consist only of a few
Negroes in a white school or a few
white students in a Negro school.
A spokesman for Georgia's Ne-
gro teacher organization cited the
state's school building program
which is replacing practically all
of the one and two-room Negro
schools with consolidated schools.
He said the Negroes are proud of
the new schools and that pressure
for integration will be much slow-
er in areas which have good Negro
schnAs

In the only two states reporting
fewer Negro teachers, Oklahoma
and Kentucky, school consolida-
tion was given as the reason. Okla-
homa reported some evidence that
Negro teachers were not too happy
over the situation. But in Ken-
tucky, it was reported the decrease
was small and that the problem is
being studied by the state.

LITTLU MAN ON CAMPUS

by Dick Bibler

.~m
Cel
jJA . - ,

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