EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
"Once More Unto The Bench, Dear Friends"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily are written by minembers of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. This must be noted in all reprints.
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1955 NIGHT EDITOR: LEE MARKS
Stimulating the Masses=
New Problem For Education
CUT-CLASSES, slipshod term papers and you're one of the "common mob" with a col-
apathetic classroom performances have lege degree. Some say a college degree means
long typified students participating in campus little more than the high school degree of 20
activities. It's a frustrating experience for the years ago.
student, and professors despair at the lacka-
daisical attitude of this segment of the student To MEET the mass enrollment, teaching
body. methods have been altered to put empha-
However, a recent survey indicates that ap- sis on big lectures and decreased student dis-
proximately 85% of students most active in cussion periods. This is unfortunate but it is
campus activities are above the average IQ for part of the change in today's educational sys-
students at the University. Another survey tem.
would probably show most of these students The Literary college is quietly accepting the
came to the University intent on maximum increasing popularity of getting a college edu-
scholastic performance. cation. With more students going to college
They came with a strong curiosity about phil- there seems to be a change in the ultimate
osophy, history, political science and English goal of educating the student in the literary
literature. And most of the activities people college.
were good students in their freshman and Concentration now seems to be on develop-
sophomore years at the University. Ing intellectual curiosity among the students,
Somewhere along the line they have become something not universally present in the high
sidetracked and literary college educators have school graduate. Effort is made to stimulate
become rightly concerned. Tonight at the students to individual examination of prob-
League a literary college student-faculty panel lems, to destroy apathetic acceptance of the
will question the literary college's effect on so-called authorities.
the student's intellectual curiosity. This is the thing a college graduate needs
There is increasing feeling that professors are when he must make decisions in society and
failing to stimulate good students and conse- the type of thinga graduate needs if- he goes
quently students turn elsewhere for their stimu- on to graduate school.
lation-to campus activities. They lose in- The literary college does admirably with
terest in the purely academic aspect of Uni- this broad educational concept. And if stu-
vgrsity life because they have too much spare dents continue to come to college just because
time to devote to extra-curricular sidelights, college degrees are needednow to get jobs,
School doesn't provide sufficient challenge. then it is crucial that the literary college
. continues to put emphasis on this concept.
' SOME students and professors, who clam
college standards have been lowered in the BUT for stimulating the outstanding student
past several years, the literary college is fail- Bacademically, the literary college at this
ing in its responsibility to stimulate the out' time must accept the changing American edu-
standing student. But is the literary college cational system. This student will pick up the
at fault? college's generalized education and supplement
There appears to be a change of emphasis on his experience here with practical consideration
the college's place in the United States educa- of problems involved in campus activities
tional system evolving during the past few To utsingotentcwill tingoes't
years, and it is this change which may be at The outstanding student will then go on to
the root of the question before the panel to- graduate school where he can find fruits for
hh s- this unsaturated intellectual curiosity. In the
It's difficult to determine what. college was graduate school only is a college student now
like 20 years ago. But there is little doubt among scholars with the same desire for excel-
that the overall college atmosphere has lence in his field.
changed. In the first place 20,000 students Here students have the important stimulat-
are attending - the University compared to ing and enlightening discussion periods and
around 5,000 of two decades ago. More stu- individual faculty contacts. Here only can
dents are graduating from high school and the the high standards be maintained which will
emphasis in society is now on getting a col- continually stimulate the outstanding student.
lege education. Graduate school means more years of formal
With two or three times more students at- education for the student. But the good stu-
tending college there has to be adjustment to dent's desire to get to the heart of this subject,
this situation by colleges. College standards his desire to get to the top of his field neces-
ae changing. Possibly they are not changing sitates going beyond a Bachelor's degree in
absolutely but relatively, this era of our educational system.
Three times as many students are meeting The benefit of more students getting a broad
the standards now. Meeting the standards general education such as the literary college
doesn't necessitate the drive for superiority now 'offers compensates for the necessity for
that it meant 20 years ago. So many people increased emphasis on a graduate education.
are getting college educations that in a sense -DAVE BAAD, Managing Editor
IN TINS CORNER:
SGCy Oen Letter
By MURRY ERYMER
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GILBERT AND SULLIVAN :
'The Gondoliers' Said
To Be In Capable Hands
Those persons who have hummed Gilbert and Sullivan melodies
and laughed at their satirical comments on life in the late 19th
century, will be pleased to know "The Gondoliers" is in capable
hands at Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. Those who haven't yet been
More on AndREws Case
By DRE1W PEARSON
THIScolumn recently received
a telegram from T. Coleman
Andrews, retiring Commissioner of
Internal Revenue, denying certain
statements about his new com-
pany, American Fidelity and Cas-
ualty and about his knowledge of
a tax case against it.
Commissioner Andrews denied,
and threatened, both on his own
behalf and on behalf of thescom-
pany. though how he could act
for the company when he was still
Commissioner of Internal Revenue
is hard to understand.
However, I have now looked into
the entire situation and I find that
I owe Commissioner Andrews an
I AM SURE most editors and
the reading public consider Com-
missioners of Internal Revenue
legitimate subjects for journalistic
scrutiny. They collect our taxes
and the collection of taxes must
be constantly scrutinized, as a long
series of columns I wrote in the
Truman Administration proved-
a series that helped put one Com-
missioner, Joseph D. Nunan, in
jail, together with an Assistant
Commissioner, Dan Bolich.
However, all such journalistic
scrutiny must, be accurate and
fair, so I must apologize to Com-
I stated that his company had
kept two sets of books. I now
find that the officials of the com-
pany actually went so far as to
use a completely separate corpora-
tion owned by them for the pur-
pose of concealing income from
American Fidelity's books. Because
of this deception, American Fidel-
ity lost its license in the District
"THIS COMPANY," wrote In-
surance Superintendent Albert F.j
Jordan, referring to American Fi-
delity, "took the law into its own
hands and made its own arbitrary
decisions as to the propriety of
entering into contracts which at
best are most unorthodox.
Jordan's decision was confirmed
by U.S. District Court Judge
James W. Morris on April 19, 1952.
The case was handled by Corpora-
tion Counsel Milton Korman.
American Fidelity appealed, but
dropped the appeal when it found
itself in considerably more tax
trouble with internal revenue. It
cannot sell insurance in the na-
tion's capital today.
* * *
WHAT THE officers of Ameri-
can Fidelity did was make a deal
with their other company, Mar-
kel Service, to handle the insur-
ance claims for Safeway Trails,
a big bus operator. In so doing,
they omitted vital information
from American Fidelity's books
and records which had the effect
of lowering its D.C. taxes. ,
In brief, what happened was
that, though Safeway Trails was
insured by American Fidelity, a
second contract secretly provided
for Markel Service to collect the
payments and settle the claims.
Markel Service was owned by the
Markel family, which also con-
trolled American Fidelity.
Thus Markel Service, though not
an insurance company and hence
free of all government regulation,
informally assumed liability for
claims under American Fidelity's
policy. However, American Fi-
delity was still legally responsible
for claims, yet its liability did not
show on its books or records, or
files or IBM cards.
THIS IS WHAT I call keeping
a second set of books or keeping
deceptive books, or fudging up the
Commissioner Andrews was not
involved in this and I never said
he was. What I said was that he
knew considerably more about this
firm's tax situation than he in-
dicated in his letter to Secretary
Humphrey. And I repeat my apol-
ogy for understating the case.
Congressman Eberharter, in ask-
ing for an investigation, pointed
out what I did not then know,
that Andrews had OK'd the re-
duction of a jeopardy assessment
of. about $1,800,000 against the
firm which he now heads.
* * *
FURTHERMORE, he wrote a
letter to Insurance Superintendent
Jordan in justification of reduc-
ing that jeopardy assessment. Jor-
dan wanted to know why a com-
pany, already in bad odor in the
District, had its jeopardy assess-
ment reduced. Andrews wrote to
The dubious action came when
he resigned to head this company
and then told his boss he knew
little about the company's tax
case. For as head of a company
that writes more bus and truck
insurance than any other in the
nation, Andrews will presumably
have to do a lot of business with
the government, and there's a law
that prohibits a former bureaucrat
from pressing a claim against the
government if he handled that case
while in the government.
This is the bind in which the
protesting Mr. Andrews has got
(Copyright, 1955, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
introduced to G&S should delay
"Gondoliers" is one of the few
G&S operettas whose locale is not
"merry old England." Here the
setting is colorful and gay Italy,
inhabited by a group of lusty gon-
doliers and contadines (Italian
peasants), who form the chorus
f or this musical parody.
The University's Gilbert and
Sullivan Society has supplied a
cast of gifted voices although the
acting is not always commensur-
ate with the singing. The orches-
tra, conducted by Robert Brandzel,
is excellent and treats the score
The plot furnishes the authors
plenty of opportunity for their
customary barbs at aristocratic
gaucheness, governmental incom-
petence, military pomposity and
democratic laxness as well as
direct hits on the institutions of
marriage, the monarchy and the
legal profession. Although direct-
ed at and immensely enjoyed by
contemporary England, the apt-
hess and appropriateness of the
dialogue today helps to explain
G & S's continued popularity.
The story concerns an impecu-
nious Duke whose daughter was
wedded at the age of six months
to the infant King of Baratoria.
With the throne to this mythical
kingdom now vacant, a search is
instituted to find the monarch,
spirited away as a child to Venice
and intrusted to the care of a
gondolier. Complications develop
when it is discovered the heir to
the throne is one of two persons.
Both these possible claimants
have just been married and wish
to so remain; furthermore, the
Duke's daughter, Casilda is in love.
with the Duke's drummer. How
these marital and political diffi-
culties are overcome deserves to be
left to an explanation by the cast.
With one exception, the female
leads are outstanding. Joan Holm-
berg (Casilda) and Nancy and
Mary Witham (wives of the poten-
tial kings) combine excellent
voices with genuine acting ability.
Mary Pohly (Duchess) excels in
the former category only.-
David Newman, as' the fatuous
Duke, provides the major share of
the play's humor with his superb
mimicry. Clarence Stephenson
(one of the claimants) is brisk and
pleasing and possesses a fine tenor
voice. David Dow ,'(drummer),
John McLaughlin (the Grand In-
quisitor) and Marshall Hill (the
other claimant) sing admirably
but appear definitely not at home
on the boards.
In addition, the chorus, far too
numerous to mention by name,
and the minor leads are attractive
and sing well. Technical plaudits
are also deserved for the costumes,
sets and lighting contributed
greatly to the proceedings.
Clarence Stephenson's direction
was commendable but this reviewer
would like to add a few sugges-
tions to improve the over-all per-
formance. Generally, the action
lagged, particularly in the first act
and a quickened pace should be
enforced. Too heavy make-up and,
at times, a deafening orchestra
also subtracted from the otherwise
AT ARCH AUD.:
Ernest K. Gann knows how to
tell a good story. He knows how
to put a plot together-how to
combine scenes and move charac-
-ters around so that his screenplay
will hold your attention, will make
you want to find out what is
going to happen next.
His "The High and the Mighty,"
which opens tonight at the Archi-
tecture Auditorium, is an example
of how a writer's sheer ability in
the mechanics of story-telling can
save a film from being thoroughly
"The High and the Mighty."
whichwas first released about a
year ago, is a picture about planes
and people. Of the planes it has
much to say-and says it well. Of
people, it says practically nothing
S* * *
It tells of the passengers and
crew of an airliner bound from
Honolulu to San Francisco and
how they react when they find
out that their plane is in grave
danger of crashing into the Pacific
These people are introduced to
you as stereotypes-the old "has-
been",pilot, the brash, fast-talk-
ing young pilot, the dying old
man, the "broken-down broad,"
the jealous husband, the cooing.
newly-weds-and they stay that
way throughout the entire movie.
They each tell you a little about
themselves, but never enough. And
... Il _ h m 0n n1 , ,_ _ --
THE Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN 'form to Room 3553
Administration Building bfore 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be in
by 2 p.m. Friday.
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1955
VOL. LXVII, NO. 45
Selective Service Examination: Stu-
dents taking the Serective Service
College Qualification Test on Nov. 17
are requested to report to Room 140
Business Administration, and Room
100 Hutchins Hall, Thurs., at 8:30 a.m.
Payments for board and room for the
second half of the fall semester are
to be made in all league houses by
Sat., Nov. 19.
Agenda, Student Government Council,
November 18, Michigan Union, 3B, 3:15
Minutes of the previous meeting.
Officers' Report: President-Introduc-
tIon new members; Big Ten Presidents'
Conference Report, Constitution for
approval, motion; Student Faculty Ad-
min. Conference, vice Pres.-Progress
report, SGC Structure study.
By-Laws, Election of Officers.
Book Exchange deficit: tabled motion,
"That, if at the end of the fisca year
1955-56 there is an excess in Student
Government Council funds, this excess
shall be used to absorb the deficit in
the Fall, 1955 Student Book Exchange
Calendaring additions: Committee Re-
ports. Calendar: Calendar Additions:
Mar. 10, Paul Bunyan dance; Dec. 2,
Travel program (SGC). Drives for
Activities: Dec. 2, 3-Sophomore Scan-
dals, plans and budget, League; Dec.
9-Philippine-Michigan Club dance,
LeaguerBallroom; Wolverine Club-bus
jtrip service for Thanksgiving Holiday,
to Willow Run Airport.
Old and new business.
Members and Constitudnts time.
Next Meeting: Michigan League, Nov.
22 -(Tuesday) 7:30 p.m.
The following student sponsored social
events are approved for the coming
weekend. Social chairmen are reminded
that requests for approval for social
events are due in the Office of Student
Affairs not later than 12:00 noon on the
Tuesday prior to the event.
Nov. 18: Betsy Barbour, Delta Theta
Phi, East Quad, Graduate Outing Club,
Lawyers Club, Helen Newberry, Stock-
well, Tyler-Strauss, West Quad Coun-
Nov. 19: Acacia, Adams House, Allen-
Rumsey, Alpha Epsilon Pi, Alpha Gam-
ma Delta, Alpha Omega, Alpha Kappa
Kappa Alpha Sigma Phi, Alpha Tau
Omega, Alpha Tau Omega, Beta Theta
Pi, Chi Phi, Chi Psi, Collegiate Sorosis,
Delta Chi, Delta Chi, Delta Sigma Phi,
Delta Sigma Pi, Delta Tau Delta, Delta
Theta Phi, Delta Upsilon, Evans Schol-
ars, Gomberg, Kappa Alpha Psi, Kappa
Sigma, Lambda Chi Alpha, Michigan.
Nov. 19: Nit Sigma Nu, Phi Alpha
Kappa, Phi Chi, Phi Delta Phi, Phi
Delta Theta, Phi Epsilon Pi, Phi Gamma
Delta, Phi Kappa Sigma, Phi Kappa
Tau, Phi Sigma Delta, Phi Sigma Kap-
pa, P Lambda Phi, Pi Beta Phi, Psi
Omega, Sigma Alpha Epsilon, Sigma
Alpha Mu, Sigma Nu, Sigma Phi, Tau
Delta Phi, Theta Chi, Theta Xi, Tri
angle, van Tyne House, Winchell, Zeta
Nov. 20: Lester Cooperative, Mosher
Hall-Allen Rumsey, Phi Delta Phi,
Stockwell, Victor Vaughan.
The National Science Foundation an-
nounces senior postdoctoral fellowships
in science, to be awarded to individuals
planning additional study and/or re-
search with a view to (a) increasing
their competence in their specialized
fields of science or (b) broadening their
experience in related fields of science.
Fellowships are available to any U.S.
citizen who, at the time of application,
has held a doctoral degree in one of the
fields of basic science for a.. minimum
of five years, or who has had the
equivalent in research experience and
training. Those holding an M.D., D.D.S.,
or D.V.M. degree for at'least five years
and who desires further training for a
career in research will also be eligible.
Stipend will be based on the Fellow's
normal salary as of the time he makes
application. No award will be less than
$4000 or more than $10,000 per annum.
Allowances are made for travel, tuition.
fees, unusual research expenses, and
special equipment in an amount not to
exceed $600. Tenure will normally be
either an academic year of nine months
or a calendar year of twelve months.
The deadline is January 16, 1956. Appli.
cations and information may be ob-
tained from the Division of Scientific
Personnel and Education, National
Science Foundation; Washington 25,
University Lecture, Department of
Neurology, by Dr. Howard Fabing of
Cincinnati at 11:00 a.m., Fri., Nov. 18
in the Neuropsychiatric Institute Am-
phitheater, on "Epilepsy and the Law."
University Symphony Orchestra, Josef
Blatt, Conductor, with Florian Mueller,
oboe soloist, 8:30 tonight in Hill Audi-
torium. Open to the public without
Carillon Recital, 7:15 this evening, by
University students studying with Pro-
OPEN LETTER to the winning Student Gov-
Congratulations. At this writing I don't
know who you are, the final tabulations are not
in. But I'm sorry to say, it doesn't make much
difference. The issues and views that you
expressed to the student body were not very
inspiring, and even less controversial.
',Nevertheless, you wanted to be elected. You
spoke about improving SGC's campus relations,
increasing student awareness of this or that
problem, and the development of a sounding
board for student opinion. All noble, all needed,
all said and resaid at each student government
In a way, there was a great deal of hope
that tllis year it would be different. Candidates
with ambition and ideas would no longer be
wasted. in the endless petty debates of the old
The Student Government Council was defi-
nitely a recognized body, a group which had
it in its power to do more than talk. And SGC
members pointed out again and again that
"we had dinner with the Regents," an achieve-
nent that no previous campus government could
BUT WHERE do we go from here? Certainly
recognition is a key to strength, but even
the heavyweight champion of the world is
bound to become weak and flabby, unless he
exercises his muscle once in a while.
Since its inception, the Student Government
Council has lacked any vitality, or seeming
knowledge of direction. The only real move
made this semester was a fast sidestep of a'
most important issue-deferred rushing. The
problemof deferred rushing, certainly not a
new one, was brought up in October. It will be
discussed next March.
Where dn we an fronm here9
Influence is dependent on the exercise of power
of the early, groundlaying councils. An active
body can set the tradition for future bodies, can
place Student Government in a sphere of
influence never enjoyed before by any group
on this campus.
But instead of this, SGC has chosen cautious
.uncertainty. Its sphere of influence has been
limited to the menial tasks previously handled
by the Student Affairs Committee. Its meetings
have been lifeless, deeply involved in the hope-
less maze of administrative procedures. When
any problem has been raised at all, it has
usually been from the ex-officio side of the
room, members who probably have the least
time to devote to student government.
WHEN SL wasn't getting the student body's
attentions it blamed its lack of conclusivej
power. SGC can only blame itself. Students
were interested last spring. They overwhelm-
ihgly voted for the new government setup. It
was a wonderful beginning.
But the same students that were applauding
with interest and verve in April have been
softly put to slumber in November.
Where do we go from here?
This is where you come in, Mr. and Miss
Winning Candidate. You have exhibited new
ideas, good ones, even if they've been stated
before. But SGC is not an honorary. Your
job does not end now with the election.
It will be easy to 'fall into the lackadaisical
snail-pace movement of things on SGC. The
voters won't criticize, and sooner or later if
things go as they have, they won't even notice.
BUT THE opportunity to bring the value of
student government to the student body
is especially evident today. The driving ban
committee report and action upon it can draw
,..«,f. ... # : i .. .-.+ - 4 _ .. w ...L n . F .
LETTERS TO EDITOR:
SAnother View of Speech Dept. Play
To The Editor:
p=SE literate reader must object
on many levels to David Mar-
lin's review of the Speech Depart-
ment's production of Brecht's "The
Good Woman of Setzuan." This
would take at least one complete
issue of The Daily. From a purely
rhetorical standpoint, it would be
easiest to refer Mr. Marlin to at
least one elementary course in how
to write a drama review.
To begin with, one so vulnerable
as Mr. Marlin should not attack
Brecht's play as confusing when
he himself has written a most ab-
struse review. After dismissing the
play lightly he immediately shows
some ambivalence by stating that
the play cannot be dismissed light-
ly. In the third paragraph Mr.
Marlin insults the reader by giving
a "translation" (a very obvious
one) of a "somewhat Chinese town
of today" and by spurting forth a
very superficial synopsis of the
lin's background is, but we should
be interested to know if he has
read any of Brecht's plays or his
philosophy of the theatre or even
Eric Bentley's critique on Brecht.
We would like to refer Mr. Marlin
to Bentley's "In Search of 'Thea-
tre" - and "The Playwright as
Thinker." Perhaps this might at
least introduce Mr. Marlin to un-
derstanding a little more of what
Brecht is trying to achieve.
Suphan Andic, Grad.
Fuad Andic, Grad.
To The Editor:
IN VIEW of the recent criticisms
aimed at the band's salute to
the City of Flint, with its ensuing
mention of Buick, we feel it is our
duty to uphold this fine Michigan
institution. It seems only proper
that an internationally famous
band such as Michigan's should
give recognition to its benefactors,
whether it be GM or any other
outstan ding American enternrise.
able enterprise may provide the
basis for the theme: "I dreamt I
played Ohio State in my Maiden-
--C. Alfred Nelson, 56L
H. Herman Moldenhauer, 56L
D. Warren Swanson, 56L
C. Fredahl Wittenstrom, 56L
The Ford Hierarchy . .
I WOULD like to correct a few of
the errors in the editorial by
Mr. Kaplan in The Daily (Nov. 8).
Mr. Ford did not leave the com-
pany in the hands of Edsel when
he died in 1947. Edsel died in 1943.
Mr. Ford 'was president from 1903
until 1919 when he retired and
Edsel became president (at least
on paper). When Edsel died in
1943, Mr. Ford reassumed the pres-
idency until his actual retirement
in 1945. At this time Henry Ford II
became president of the company.
It was at this time that Ford sales
were slipping, not 1952 and 1953,
and the company was losing vast
sums of money.
Contrary to Mr. Kaplan's tone
of voice, the Ford Motor Company