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September 21, 1955 - Image 42

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1955-09-21

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.





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Swimmers Nipped by

Buckeyes for Big Ten


Netters Cop Conference
Title, National Honors

Jones Sets Three Records
In Dual Meet Against Iowa



(Continued from Page 1)

3-6. He revived to trounce Kuhn
in the next two sets, 6-1, 6-2.
Gets Revenge
Unfortunately, Kuhn had his
revenge later in the all-important
conference playoffs at Evanston.
The Northwesterner took advan-
tage of his home courts to edge
MacKay in the semi-finals. But
Kuhn's glory was short-lived when
he lost to Wisconsin's Warren
Mueller (a victim of MacKay dur-
ing the' season) in the match for
the title.
Two Michigan netmen-a veter-
an and a sophomore-fared bet-
ter than MacKay at Evanston. Al
Mann and Mark Jaffe captured
crowns in the fourth and second
singles competitions, respectively.
Mann, who had done well play-
ing first singles for the Wolver-
ines, shone in even greater bril-
liance in his 1955 role as fourth
singles player. He won all of his
dual meet encounters before earn-
ing his coveted Big Ten title with
an unblemished record in the
Jaffe, a Bay City sophomore,
was another extremely important
addition to the Wolverines. Next
to MacKay in the se.cond singles
spot, Jaffe made excellent use of
his uncanny ability in overhead
smashes. Opposition lobs were al-
most certain points for Jaffe.
Jaffe Injured
A mid-season injured leg mus-
cle threatened to put Jaffe out
of the lineup. Under this, handi-
ca phe suffered his only loss to
a Big Ten opponent. Later, in the
conference tournament, Jaffe's
key victory on the way to win-
ning his title was a neat triumph
over this previou snemesis, Jack
Vincent of Wisconsin.
The rest of the Wolverines also

contributed magnificently during
the season. The four remaining
regulars - Dick Potter, Captain
Bob Nederlander, Bob Paley, and
Pete Paulus-all met expectations
by compiling a top-heavy list of
match wins as compared to.losses.
Paulus, playing sixth singles
most of the time, kept pace with
teammates MacKay and Mann by
also registering a perfect record
in inter-squad matches.
Number Three Singles
Potter was the third of the il-
lustrious sophomores. Michigan's
state high school champion for
three consecutive years, Potter
notched several strategic victor-
ies in his number three singles
Finishing in the fifth position
on the team, Paley lost only once
in dual meets. Nederlander won in
various singles places on the team,
but achieved his greatest success
in doubles.
Notable, despite their not par-
ticipating in the title playoffs,
were two other Wolverines. Senior
.Bob Mitchell and sophomore Dick
Cohen won a few important
matches for Coach Murphy in reg-
ular season play.
Doubles Combos Win
The doubles teams wrote the
greatest success story of all for
Michigan. The three regular com-
binations swept the Big Ten play-
offs to provide the large share of
the Wolverines' winning point to-
Nederlander teamed with Mann
as the only repeating champions
in the Big Ten Meet. They won
the second doubles crown for the
second straight year.
MacKay and Potter in first dou-
bles and Jaffe and Paley in third
doubles also went all the way after
compiling auspicious seasonal rec-
. See TENNIS, Page 5

Under the coaching of Bruce
Harlan and Gus Stager, the Mich-
igan tank team polished off one
of its best seasons in years.
The end of the season found
the Wolverines locked in a first-
place tie with the swimmers from
arch-rival Ohio State. Although
Michigan won more races than did
OSU during the weekend Big Ten
Championship Conference, the
Buckeyes had the points on their
side and walked off, dripping,
with the title.
A measure of satisfaction was
left to Michigan when diver Jim
Walters copped the low board
championship-the first time since
1936 a Wolverine has been able
to wrest this title from Ohio State.
Open with Victory
Fres from pre-season training
in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., the 'M'
natators trampled a tough Iowa
State squad, 60-24, in the first
dual meet of the year. Captain
"Bumpy" Jones highlighted the
day by blasting three records in
on event, the 150-yard individual
His time of 1:28.7 set a new pool
and national record, and knocked
two-tenths of a second off the
NCAA dual meet record (his own).
Michigan State and Northwest-
ern were downed in rapid succes-
sion as the Wolverines prepared
for the meet with OSU. The tank-
Then ekedĀ® out a 47-46 victory,
their first overtthe Buckeyes since
Wardrops Star
The Wardrop twins starred in
this meet, which finished Michi-
gan'sdual meet season with an un-
defeated record. Here Jack War-
drop smashed the world record for
the 220-yard freestyle, by cutting
nearly a second off Ford Konno's
previous mark. The husky Scot
handed Konno a nine-foot beat-

ing while setting the new standard
at 2:03.9.
Bert, the other half of the War-
drop duo, came straight from the
hospital to pull the Wolverines
through the crucial freestyle re-
lay, registering a 51.3.
Last year was Michigan's first
season in years when the swim-
mers were not under the constant
direction of the tireless Matt
Mann. Harlan and Stager took
over to lead the tankmen to a near
Hall of Fame
Harlan, the diving coach, was
the 1948 Olympic champion and
was recently named to the Helm's
Foundation Hall of Fame.
At a pre-season AAU meet, the
coach kept a capacity audience
laughingat his clown antics. The
Michigan diving squad aided him
in a spectacular display of weird
methods of entering the water
from the high-board.
Back-stroker Jim Kruthers fig-
ured in a coincidence that some
claim was an omen of Michigan's
good luck. When Kruthers was a
junior at Fordson High School in
Dearborn, a new swimming coach
took over the team and led it to a
state championship.
Helped Again
Last year, when Kruthers was
again a junior, the same man took
over Michigan's team and just
missed the Big Ten championship
by a narrow margin.
A change in Intercollegiate rules
brought the butterfly stroke into
its own in the 1954-55 season. The
rule book now recognizes two sep-
arate strokes-the butterfly and
the breast-stroke, where before a
combination of the two had serv-
ed the swimmers' purpose.
An underwater recovery was
made mandatory in bretast-stroke
events, and the butterfly rule de-
mands an o v e r a r m recovery
was made manadatory in breast-


JACK WARDROP-Olympic swimming star, who broke the world's
record in the 220--yard freestyle in the Ohio State dual meet.
Wardrop bettered Ford Konno's world mark by one second, setting
the pace with a 2:03.9 mark.

BUMPY JONES-set thir'e records in 150-yard individual medley
in dual meet against Iowa.

stroke events, and the butterfly
rule demands an overarm recovery
"when the swimmer is on the sur-
New Rule
Coach Stager felt that the new
rule would be "great for swim-
ming." Jones and the Wardrops
picked up the fish-tail kick rapid-
ly, while the Wolverine breast-
strokers adapted well to the but-
terfly stroke.
In early February, the team
took a tour of the eastern and
southern states, leaving behind
them a wake of victories. Army,

North Carolina, Villanova and the
Indianapolis Athletic Club played
host to the Wolverine natators
who obliged nicely by smashing a
world and a national record.
The world mark of 6:22.5 was
set in North Carolina by the Mich-
igan 600 yard backstroking relay
team of Kruthers, the Wardrop
twins and Jones.
880-Yard Record
The same team shattered the
800 yard National AAU backstroke
record at Villanova. The time for
that distance was 8:57.7.
The most surprising competetor

met by the Wolverines on that trip
was 16 year old Frank McKinney,
speedy high school swimmer. The
youngster pushed Jones to a new
pool record in the Indianapolis
Athletic Club by swimming the 150
yard individual medley in 1:31.5.
Jones' time was 1:29.6.
Also spurring the tankmen on
last season was burly Ron Gora,
specializing in the 100-yard free-
style. Gora, who graduated in
June, left his mark on MSU by
beating them soundly with a :51.5.
Home-Town Talent
"Home-town talent" Fritz My-

ers of Ann Arbor, a Junior this
year stood out among the sopho-
mores as a versatile swimmer, spe-
cializing in the individual medley.
Although overshadowed by team-
mates Bumpy Jones and Jack
Wardrop, he has turned in medley
times which two years ago would
have placed him among the top
ten swimmers in the country.
Back from their switch to the
beaches for the summer, the tank-
men are ready to face the chlorine
again-this time with hopes high
for coming out a victorious first
instead of another second-best.

Leading Athletes Lack Prime Physical Standards



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F ig ore

Roger Bannister ran the mile in
3 minutes 58.8 seconds to beat
John Landy at Vancouver last Au-
gust. He might have run it in
3:50 fiat.
Bob Feller has thrown a base-
ball at a speed of 98.6 miles an
hour. He might have thrown it
100 mpl.
Ford Konno of Ohio State swam
220 meters in 2 minutes 3.9 sec-
onds. He might have done it in
Sam Snead beat Ben Hogan 70-
71 to win the 18-hole play-off of
the 1954 Masters Tournament at
Augusta, Ga. Both might have
beaten par of 72 by wider margins,
scoring perhaps in the mid-60s.
Sports College
Sound impossible? Not accord-
ing to a unique study of athletes
now being made by a Canadian re-
search organization called Sports
College. Located in Toronto,
Sports College is a nonprofit serv-
ice founded in 1944 through the
YMCA and the Canadian Broad-
casting Corporation to help raise
sport and physical fitness stand-
ards. It has spent nine years test-
ing 2,700 athletes of all kinds, an-
alyzing player performance and
calculating how they could be im-
Some of its findings are about to
be released to its more than 700,-
000 members (including American
coaches and trainers). Some strik-
ing examples:
Practically all performances in
all sports could be improved about
25 per cent with better training.
1000 HEADS
be they square, flat or rounded
for that crew-cut
The Dascola Barbers
Near Michigan Thater

Not a single one of the 2,700
athletes tested topped 65 per cent'
of his possible peak performance,
as calculated by the testing ex-
Only 12 per cent of those tested
had better than 75 per cent of the
physical development considered
necessary for first-rate competi-
Faster Pace
Not a single sport, according to
observers at actual games and
sports events, is being played at
the pace it could be played safely,
with present rules,
Having found what the sports
demanded of players, Sports Col-
lege set out to measure the play-
ers themselves. Choosing 12 of
the most important attributes, the
experts put successful athletes in
each sport through stiff grinds-
including obstacle courses, weight-
lifting, bar jumps, tumbling,
broad jumps, sprints, arm-leg, etc.
-then graded performances from
1 to 10 and totted up the aver-
Low in Strength
Most of the athletes tested were
surprisingly low in strength, con-
sidered one of the basic requisites
for enurance and good play.
Only one in 17 could do 25 two-
hand push-ups without difficulty.
Only one in 74 could do a one-
arm push-up. Only one in 82
could do a one-arm pull-up on a
Training for greater strength
would vastly improve baseball.
Tests showed that exercises to
develop greater strength in the
wrist flexors (front of wrist just
below the heel of the hand) in-
creased the throwing speed of 19
players tested by 4.9 mph on
throws of 100 feet. One player in-
creased his throw by 9.2 mph by
exercising with 5-lb. disks. Swim-
mers can develop powerful pec-
toral muscles by lying on their
backs, exercising with bar bells.
Train for Endurance
Training for endurance (by

building up muscular strength and
learning to relax and breathe
properly) would improve all per-
formances. It was estimated that
the average basketball player los-
es 4 to 5 inches of height in his
jumping ability during a game
through muscle fatigue. The aver-
age football player, tested in mid-
season, could not run 100 yards
without fatigue, with a consequent
loss of reaction time, power, agil-
ity, mobility and strength. One re-
sult: frequent fumbles after long
Great athletes, Sports College
claims, are those who use to the
full the strength, speedand en-
durance that nature has given
them. Super-athletes are those
who develop what they have to
higher levels.
How Is Your Game?
Like any athlete, claims Sports
College, you can improve in what-
ever game you play. The secret:
systematic training that goes be-
yond the normal demands of the
game. Actual tests with 11 golfers
who trained six weeks for greater
strength, flexibility and relaxation
while playing showed an average
improvement of 6.7 strokes per
game-with no other instruction.
Start by gauging your present
physical condition. Check your
of your ability to stand active
heart rate-an excellent telltale
sports. Generally speaking, the
lower it is, the better your condi-
(1). Lie down for 5 minutes,
then take your pulse and jot it
down. (2).- Stand up; take your
pulse; jot it down. (3). Subtract 1
from 2. (4). Jog easily.-in place 1
minute, then note your pulse. (5).
Sit 1 minute; note your pulse. Now
add the figures.
The average normally fit per-
son has a total of about 380; if
yours is much above that, you're
out of condition. After hundreds
of tests, Sports College found that
the average well-trained athlete
has a total of about 360. Roger

Bannister's figure: 213. Middle-
distance runners proved to have
the best heart efficiency, closely
followed by basketball players and
swimmers. They need it. So do
Sports College recommends gen-
eral buildup- of all your muscles
through old-fashioned weight-
lifting (even for ping-pong), fol-
lowed by specialized exercising of
the muscles used most. Weight-
lifting gives tennis players the
powerful abdominal muscles need-
ed, for example, to smash down-
ward, at high lobs. In addition,
players are urged to develop play-
ing muscles by taping books to
each side of the racket, or taking
a ping-pong paddle in the water
and swinging against pressure.
Golfers are urged to build up the
muscles that twist the torso to
build up power at the club head.
Relaxation: S p o r t s College
claims tension causes most errors
(even among professional ath-
letes), much fatigue and many in-
juries. There are two kinds. One,
"affective tension," is the con-
scious kind you get through anx-
iety (even fear of going to the
dentist tomorrow), fear of losing,
"stage fright" or just distraction
by some annoyance. (Outside
noises, for example, can set up
what is called "noise allergy."
One out of three golfers tested
showed this.) The remedy: think
about the game-not about your-
By regular practice on these
three things, Sports College says,
anyone can improve in any sport
by at least 25 per cent. Worth a
try, isn't it?
SPORT NOTES - In the 1901
football season while winning
eleven games the Wolverines scor-
ed 550 points to their opponent's
none. Highlight of the season was
a 128-0 triumph over Buffalo.





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