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November 01, 1955 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1955-11-01

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t

WHAT'S GOOD FOR
GENERAL MOTORS
(See Page 4)

Latest Deadline in the State

:43 a t t4p

INCREASING CLOUDINESS

VOL. LXVI, No. 32 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 1955

EIGHT PAGES

Quality Unhurt
By Size--Hatcher
'State of Uiversity' Talk Considers
Increases in Student Enrollment

By DICK SNYDER

Increased enrollment does not mean that the University is in a
race with anybody on the basis of numbers, University President Har-
lan Hatcher said yesterday.
In his "State of the University" speech before faculty and staff
(members gathered in Rackham lecture hall, President Hatcher de-
clared, "There is no virture in mere size.
"So far," he continued, "we have found no incompatability be-
tween growth and quality of work performed. The work being per-
formed lhere in 1955 fully equals that at any other time in the history
of Michigan."
Discusses Future Plans.
Devoting his fifth annual report to the future of the University

in terms of an increased student
Ike Consents
To Increase
in Mail Ratei
DENVER ()-Postmaster Gen
eral Arthur Summerfield, leavin
it to Pres. Dwight D. Eisenhowe
to hoist the signal for talkin
politics, got the chief executive
consent yesterday for another at
tempt at boosting postal rates.
A four-cent stamp for regula
letters and seven cents for air ma
is under consideration.
The man who managed Eisen
hower's 1952 presidential campaig
as Republican national chairma
told a news conference he jus
discussed Post Office Departmen
business with the chief executive-
no politics.
Like other Cabinet member
who have visited the recuperatin
President, Summerfield insisted
would be "inappropriate" to tak
up with Einsenhower now the po
litical impact of his heart attac
"Don't you think," he aske
"he should give that signal rathe
than one of us?"
When that signal might com
,f the postmaster general didn't in
dicate.
President Eisenhower advance
in his convalescence to the poin
yesterday where his doctors de
cided on a significant deletio:
from their medical bulletins.
Over and over they have bee
saying that "The President's con
dition continues to progress satis
factorily without complications.
In yesterday's bulletin, and h
others to follow, they decided
t; no longer was necessary to includ
the words "withyout complications.
Any complications develop mos
frequently in the first two week
after a heart attack. Eisenhowe
now is in his sixth week since hi
Sept. 24 seizure and no complica
tions have been reported at an
time.
Summerfield described the Pres
ident as "very hopeful" of goin
through on schedule with tenta
tive plans of his physicians fo
his departure from Fitzsimon
Army Hospital sometime nex
week.
Hayden Wins
IHC Trophy
for Display
East Quad's Hayden House wo;
the Inter-House Council first plac
trophy in Homecoming displa:
competition last weekend with it
display, "Let's Pickle Them."
Chicago House of West Qua
won the first place award in th
Assembly Association competitio
with "Hawkeye View of the Vic
torious Blue."
Second place in IHC compe
tition went to East Quad's Straus
House for "Davy Oosterbaan, Kini
of the Wild Big Ten." Third plac
was taken by Hinsdale House'
"Now, It's Your Turn, Iowa."
In competition for the Assembl;
prize, Martha Cook won first hon
orable mention for "Harlan's Hat
chery," and Victor Vaughn cap
tured second honorable mentioi
with "Welcome."
Judges for the IHC contest wer
Business Manager of Residenc

population, the President also called
- upon Vice-President Wilbur K.
Pierpont, James A. Lewis and Mar-
vin L. Niehuss for reports from
their administrative departments.
President Hatcher recalled the
"crisis" of returning students fol-
lowing World War II and said,
"The University is trying to pre-
vent any other crisis through pre-
paring for the normal controlled
growth of the institution with an
- insurance of greatest possible edu-
cational benefits."
ig
He said that the least that can
g be anticipated in the next 15 to 20
's years is a doubling of college at-
-tendance, but stressed. that this
figure depended on the stability of
r the present college to non-college
il attendance ratio.
Must Accept 1,000 Students
"In order to keep up with our
n proportionate share of this great
n national increase, we will need to
t accept approximately 1,000 more
it students per year," he commented.
- Enrollment will be limited to
around 22,000 next year, Presi-
s dent Hatcher said after the meet-
g ing. New housing facilties will ac-
it comodate approximately 1,200 new
e students, he said.
President Hatcher stressed that
k. the undergraduate schools at the
d, University would grow along with
r the graduate schools saying, "We
must have a proper distribution of
e, students throughout the entire
- spectrum of classes."
Explains Expansion
d Vice-President Pierpont explain-
t ed five areas of plant expansion
- which the University is now co-
'n ordinating: instruction and re-
search, housing, student centers,
n recreational and athletic facilities
i-and service buildings.
- An explanation of the duties
and presentactivities of the Vice-
n President for Student Affairs was
it given by Vice-President Lewis, who
e termed his job as "one of co-'
ordinating nine non-academic ag-
t encies of student life which sup-'
:s plement the regular instruction
program.
;n

Fire!
Alpha Sigma Phi's homecom-
ing display, a huge whale, dis-
appeared with a big Hallo-
we'en bang last night.
Startled b a small explosio,
the brothers rushed outside to
see their efforts literally go up
in smoke. The varnish covered
figure was hit with an unknown
type of bomb thrown by youths
believed to be of high school
age, and quickly caught fire.
The blaze was serious enough
to threaten the fraternity house
so the Ann Arbor fire depart-
ment was called upon to ex-
tinguish the conflagration and
prevent its spread.
Ben Youssef
May Regain
Sultanship
BEAUVALION, France () --
Deposed Sultan Mohammed Ben
Youssef, 41, returned to France
from a two-year Madagascar ex-
ile yesterday and entered political
talks that could return him to his
turbulent Moroccan throne within
three weeks.
Amid nationalist exultation and
conciliatory French moves, Yous-
sef took up temporary residence
in a well guarded Riviera hotel
and prepared for a meeting, tenta-
tively set for today in Paris, with
Foreign Minister Antoine Pinay.
Meets With Pnay
The Sultan met yesterday after-
noon with Pinay's right-hand man,
Henri Yrissou, to arrange the
meeting that could pave the way
for his return to Morocco. Pinay
was scheduled to go to Paris from
Geneva, where he is attending the
Big Four foreign ministers con-
ference.
The French government view is
now held to be that Moroccan op-
position to the Sultan has ceased
to exist and, barring any unto-
ward outbreaks, he could resume
his throne by Nov. 18, anniversary
of the date he ascended the throne
in 1927 on his father's death.
Maintains 'Moderate' Attitude
Youssef has maintained a mod-
erate attitude since negotiations
began to restore order in the pro-
tectorate that has been rocked by
violence since his ouster two years
a g o. Moroccan " opposition to
Youssef faded to insignificance in
the past week following two start-
ling developments:
1. Powerful Berber chieftain
Thami el Glaoui, Pasha of Mar-
rakech, who helped oust the Sul-
tan two years ago, made an about
face and demanded Youssef's re-
turn.
2. Aged Mohamed Ben Moulay
Arafa, who reigned insecurely dur-
ing the Sultan's two-year absence,
declared from his present home in
Tangier that he renounced all
rights in favor of Youssef.

Committee
Will Study
Auto Firm
Senate To Probe
General Motors
WASHINGTON (P)-The Senate
Antitrust and Monopoly subcom-
mittee yesterday announced a full-
scale study of General Motors.
This study of the world's largest
manufacturerwillhbe a part of the
subcommittee's look at concentra-
tion in the automotive industry.
The public hearings, to start
Nov. 8, will run three or four
weeks. Witnesses are to include
General Motors executives, people
who deal with General Motors and
economists.
O'Mahoney Designated
Sen. Joseph C. O'Mahoney (D-
Wyo.), a sub-committee member,
has been designated to preside by
Chairman Harley M. Kilgore (D-
W.Va.) who is abroad.
Senator O'Mahoney said the ses-
sions "are not an 'investigation'
but a study."
Nevertheless, the Senator said,
the "staff has studied a number
of complaints that General Motors
and other automobile producers
are forcing dealers to purchase
unwanted cars, parts and acces-
sories, and exercise dictatorial
control over the type and size of
their establishments, accounting
methods, advertising and other
business practices.
Charges Vassalage
"Technically, these dealers are
independent business enterprises.
It has been charged that, in fact,
they are frequently littlenmore
than economic vassals who exist
at the pleasure of the manufactur-
ers, and have little or no indepen-
dent choice of important business
decisions."
Senator O'Mahoney said the sub-
committee also is interested in
charges that the relative bargain-
ing power of General Motors and
other auto companies is so great
as to place suppliers at an unfair
disadvantage.
The principal purposes of the
sessions, Senator O'Mahoney said,
are to determine ".) whether or
not the present size and scope of
General Motors operations are the
result primarily of superior effi-
ciency and competitive skill;
2.) whether or not the great
power associated with its size and
scope, however achieved, carries
with it the opportunity for abuse;
or 3.) whether or not without
abuse, the very magnitude of the
corporation makes competition al-
most impossible."
Morse Urges
Price Support
PENDLETON, Ore. () - Sen.
Wayne Morse (D-Ore.) yesterday
called the administration farm an
"economic ringer" for farmers and
urged restoration of high rigid
farm price support.
The former Republican senator
who turned Democrat told a Sen-
ate Agriculture Committee hearing
that "Secretary of Agriculture Ezra
T. Benson and the administration
do not intend to remedy the farm
program."
A number of farmers advocated
a so-called two-price plan under
which growers would be assured
full parity prices for their indi-
vidual shares of the wheat con-
sumed as food in this country.

Russia Proposes New
Europe Security Pact

Israel Asks I
Reds To Halt
Arms Sale
Sharett, Molotov
Meet At Geneva
GENEVA (P)-Prime Minister
Moshe Sharett called on Soviet
Foreign Minister Vyacheslav M.
Molotov yesterday to halt the sale
of Communist bloc arms to Is-
rael's Arab neighbors.
Sharett went into the confer-
ence with Molotov resolved to tell
him the Communist tactic:
1. Might touch off new Mideast-
ern fighting that could engulf
Europe and the world.
2. Penalize Israel's policy of non-
alignment, which Russia supports
in other parts of the world.
Russia Bids For Influence
Communist sale of arms to the
Egyptians is seen by Western and
Israeli diplomats alike as a bid to
leapfrog Russian influence over
the Baghdad alliance binding the
countries along the northern tier
of the Mideast.
Britain also is a member. while
the United States expects to join
later. Russia and Israeli alike have
denounced that pact.
The Russians are believed also
to want a voice in Mideastern af-
fairs-possibly at a big power con-
ference in which the Arabs and
Israelis could sit in. .
First Meeting
It was the first time Sharrett
had met face-to-face with Moo-
toy since Czech tanks, guns, sub-
marines and MIG fighters began
to flow into Egypt.
He applied to Molotov in Moscow
nearly two weeks ago for the con-
ference. He got a definite yes only
Saturday.
Israel Forces
Halt Invasion
JERUSALEM OP) - An Israeli
military spokesman said yesterday
Israeli forces repelled an Egyptian
foray into Israeli territory east of
Gaza.
It was the latest in a series of
border violation charges that have
raised fears of another Palestine
war and sparked appeals for peace
from the United Nations. Britain
sent representatives to Israel and
Egypt Monday adding its voice to
the UN pleas.
The Israeli spokesman said an
Egyptian force under cover of
automatic fire crossed the armis-
tice line in the Nirim area east of
the central sector of the Gaza
strip. He 'said an Egyptian posi-
tion at the same time opened fire
on an Israeli outpost. No casual-
ties were reported on the Israeli
side.

_ ,: Third Offer

-Daily-John Hirtzei
TRAMPS AND GHOSTS had their night yesterday when they
found townspeople easy prey for their scaring techniques. Like
all other children, these Ann Arborites went to bed with jingling
piggy banks and full tummies.
DUTY BEFORE LOVE:
Margaret's Resolution:
NotTo ed ownsend

LONDON UA')-Princess Margaret
told the world yesterday she has
renounced her hope of marrying
divorced Peter Townsend.
"I would like it to be known
that I have decided not to marry
Group Capt. Peter Townsend," she
announced.
USSR Agrees
To UN Levy
UNITED NATIONS, NY UP) -
The Soviet Union unexpectedly
agreed yesterday to accept an in-
crease in its share of the United
Nations budget for the next three
years.
The move promised clear sailing
for the question of fixing assess-
ments this year.

"I have been aware that subject
to my renouncing my rights of
succession it might have been pos-
sible for me to contract a civil
marriage.
"But, mindful of the church's
teaching that Christian marriage.
is indissoluble, and conscious of
my duty to the commonwealth, I
have resolved to put these con-
siderations before any others.
"I have reached this decision
entirely alone and in doing so I
have been strengthened by un-
failing support and devotion of
Group Capt. Townsend."
Princess Margaret's decision to
put duty before love brought quick
expressions of relief from church
leaders-but left average Britons
stunned, surprised and more than
a little sad for her.

Asks Finish
Of NATO
German Unity
Again Bypassed
GENEVA (M) - Soviet Foreign
Minister Vyacheslav M. Molotov
asked the Western Powers yester-
day to join in a revised collective
security pact with the Soviet bloc,
leaving Germany divided and set-
ting no deadline for abolishing the
military alliances of East and
West.
In revising his thrice-rejected
security treaty, Molotov said the
North Atlantic Treaty Organiza-
tion, the Western European Union'
and the Communist Warsaw treaty
organization should be liquidated.
But he said the Soviet govern-
ment does not propose a date for
the liquidation.
Molotov Proposes
Molotov proposed that a semi-
demilitarized zone be established
to cover both the East and West
German republics and "all or some
neighboring states."
The Russians thus took an ar-
ticle from the West-supported
"treaty of assurance" against Ger-
man aggression and adapted it in
effect to neutralize all Germany.
The Western Powers proposed
last week that such a zone straddle
the frontiers of a reunited Ge-"
many with Communist Poland and
Czechslovakia.
Dulles Withholds Comment
While Secretary of State John
Foster Dulles and French Foreign
Minister Antoine Pinay temporar-
ily withheld comment, British For-
eign Secretary Harold Macmillan
told Molotov:
"This whole plan is based on
the partition of Germany into two
parts. Before it can be profitably
studied we need to have promised
Soviet proposals for German re-
unification. Without German re-
unification there can be no real
progress toward security."
The Western foreign ministers
earlier urged the Soviet Union tor
sweep aside the Iron Curtain for
peaceful trade and freer contacts.
Molotov also offered ideas on that
subject.
Path Blazed
Secretary Dulles blazed a path
toward friendlier East-West rela-
tions with these voluntary actions:
1. He lifted the State Depart-
ment ban on American travel to
the Soviet Union and all other
Communist countries in Eastern
Europe with which the United
States maintains diplonatic rep-
resentation. With few exceptions,
American passports have been in-
valid for those areas since 1952.
Even now, of course, entry will
depend on the rate at which the
Communist bloc nations issue
visas.
2. Dulles pleadged United States
regulations on peaceful exports to
the Soviet bloc will now be pro-
gressively simplified. "There is a
solid basis for good will between
us," Dulles told Molotov. "It is.
a fact of history which should be
remembered that our peoples have
never fought each other."
Extra Session
To Consider
Road Safety
LANSING (M)-Michigan's legis-
lature convenes in special session
today for action on highway safe-
ty, mental health and teacher pay
raise proposals recommended by

Gov. G. Mennan Williams.
The Governor has presented the
lawmakers with a 15-point high-
way safety program which includes
a state speed limit, a 200-man
boost in the state police, legaliza-
tion of chemical tests for drunk
drivers and tightening of driver
improvement systems.
He also has asked that an ex-

Human Relations Board
To Study Discrimination
At its first formal meeting of the year, Student Government
Council's Human Relations Board yesterday decided to investigate
several complaints of discrimination against minority group students.
The former Anti-Discrimination Board also agreed it would
consider as within its jurisdiction all human relations problems
concerning students.
Among the complaints members were assigned to investigate
were the familiar ones of discrimination in local barber shops and
questions regarding roommate preference on residence hall applica-
tions. Problems arising over the*
choice of roommates for foreignP
students were also discussed. Sev- POLITICAL LEADER K
eral members expressed the belief
that whenever possible foreign
students should be placed with Japan ese
Americans.
The board also took steps to- (EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first
ward investigating discrimination of a series of articles based on inter-
in private housing for students views with Japanese Socialist Party
and in the policies of some resi- leader Seiichi Katsumata.)
dence groups in hiring kitchen By DICK HALLORAN
help.
Board Chairman Sue Levy, '56, The Japanese Socialist Party is
emphasized the importance of definitely opposed to the rearma-
complaints in the operations of ment of Japan, Seiichi Katsumata,
the group. She saidstudents who floor leader of the Socialist party
know of specific cases of discrimi- in the Diet, Japan's highest legis-
nation should contact her at latie body, said Sunday.
NO 2-3225. The Japanese leader termed the
Attending their first meeting of current buildup of the Japan Self
the Board were new members Mai- Defense Force a direct violation of
Lan Lee, Joe Moore, Bob Cohler Article 9 in the Constitution. This
and Richard Eisenstein. is the famed renunciation of war
clause calling for the settlement
of international differences by
GOP Testimony peaceful means in the Constitu-
-' -R-p .~ tion adopted by the Japanese in
T i G motnri-b 17 A~a 1oA'7

SGC Candidates Express
Reasons for Seeking Posts
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the.second in a series of articles on the reasons
Student Government Council candidates give for running for SGC.)
By BILL HANEY
When Student Government Council elections are held Nov. 16 and
17 only 12 of the 17 persons who took out petitions will be candidates
for the five open positions.
These twelve people have several reasons in common for running
as well as completely individual personal goals and aims.
The most familiar reason candidates offer is they are just inter-
ested in student government. Jerry Spielman, '58, however, had quite
a different idea in mind when he
took out his petition.
Wants Good Candidates
nipl cai am"T a afndi-

ATSUMATA:

.1

cialist Opposes National Rearmament

most emphatic in his opposition to
any change in Article 9 of the
Constitution, calling for the con-
duct of international relations by
means of peaceful diplomacy.
Making his first visit to the
United State, Mr. Katsumata is
the first Japanese Socialist offic-
ial to represent his party in Amer-
ica. The purpose of his visit is
to study current trends of thought
in the American government and
people with particular reference
to their post-Geneva political at-
titude.
Mr. Katsumata is also concern-
ed with their thinking on the pre-
sent and future economic outlook
in America.
Wishing to gain some under-
-fnarndino of f+I-,affibip o ,f Amri-

From Ann Arbor, Mr. Katsumata
will travel to Chicago for a meet-
ing with Democratic presidential
aspirant Adlai Stevenson. Swing-
ing through Rochester, New York,
Washington, the South and back
through the West, Mr. Katsumata
will depart for home from Los
Angeles on November 20.
Born in 1908 in Shizuoka Pre-
fecture, Mr. Katsumata attended
the Imeprial University at Kyoto
where he studied agricultural ec-
onomics. Graduating in 1931, 'he
went into government service work
in agricultural experimentation.
Jailed by Tojo
Persecuted by the Tojo regime
during World War II under the
Public Security Law, Mr. Katsu-
mata spent two years in jail before

floor leader for the Socialist
party, the calm, soft-spoken poli-
tician holds the chairmanships of
the party's Policy, Foreign Re-
lations, and Steering Committees.
A reserved, conservatively dressed
gentleman is also a member of the
Central Executive Committee of
the party.
Merger Strengthens Opposition
Commenting on the recent mer-
ger of the two, factions of the Soc-
ialist party in Japan, Mr. Katsu-
mata said this amalgamation will
have a twofold effect on Japanese
politics. First, it will strengthen
the opposition to the present con-
servative government headed by
Premier Ichiro Hatoyama of the
Democratic Party.

opiemai siu , it ulu
date for SGC because I never want
to see another student candidate
who, like myself, lacks the ob-
vious and necessary qualifications
through which he may have proved
himself capable of reflecting stu-
dent opinion."
He also mentioned he would like
to see SGC handle its duties with-
in the central committees instead
of delegating them to other groups.
Other candidates got interested
in SGC through their work on
other student organizations.
Worked With SL
Merrill Kaufman, '56E, said he
became interested in SGC because
of the close relationship he had
with the old student government,
Student Legislature.
Kaufman said, "I have always
been interested in student activi-
ties and consequently, I've been
in quite a few; the n'ost import-
ant one being the Union Execu-

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