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October 26, 1955 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1955-10-26

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Sixty-Sixth Year
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily are written-by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. This must be noted in all reprints.
Right To Vote Would Build
Student Political Interest

"Let's See If We Can Get An Echo"

To The Editor

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AT THE National Students Association Con-
gress this summer one speaker criticized
United States student apathy compared to en-
thusiasm displayed in other countries. He told
of mass student demonstrations in South Amer-
ican countries and subsequent effect of stu-
dent movement on, important political ques-
tions. It's the same way in Europe he went on
to say.
By contrast he said American students say
nothing enmasse ad when they speak indivi-
dually it is generally regarded as just so much
hot air by watchbirds of American public opin-
ion-the politicians. Just a lot of student ideal-
ism, they say, and students don't really know
much about what is going on anyway.
Maybe it's an over-simplification but a ma-
jor reason for student apathy in the United
States has roots in a situation that could be
corrected. The situation-very few students
have voting rights.
QT'S DIFFICULT for students to get worked
up over problems when they have no oppor-
tunity to have direct effect upon the solutions.
In Europe, South America and Asia students
either have a vote or lack voting privileges
only because most other segments of society
are .minus a political voice.
In America where we have an accepted gov-
ernmental arrangement not prone to riots and
this sort of pressure, voting rights are students'
only line to legislative authority.
Ieally there should be little question of a
student's ability to make political decisions. He
is at a peak time for activity of the mind -
thinking. He has had a high school education
and with it the background to make observa-
tions on America's socio-political problems.
Of course some say there are a great number
of young people of voting age who never go to
college. Would this group be able to handle
A LONG-STANDING glaring deficiency in
the American judicial system has been the
extreme disadvantage before the courts of the
man who is being prosecuted for a crime.
Very often a defendant cannot afford to hire
a lawyer, and is not helped very much at all by
the court's appointing one. Even 'if he could
scrape up enough money to retain some starv-
ing attorney, he cannot be properly defended.
Most lawyers, and certainly those appointed
by the court to defend an accused man, do not
have the resources to conduct anything similar
to the investigation carried out by the police-
men and scientists at the prosecutor's disposal.
The defendant suffers a great disadvantage
unless.he has the financial backing to acquire
the services of a private investigating agency
with facilities equal to the government's, very
few of which agencies exist, if any.
HE PROSECUTION always has an easier
time getting evidence than the defense. Ini
fact, the prosecution often conceals evidence
in the defendant's favor, evidence which the
defense cannot reach because it has not the
means. This is only to be expected, for the
prosecution's purpose is to prove the defendant
guilty, not to throw doubt-on the matter.
Although our system of justice has the lofty
aim of giving every accused man a fair chance
to establish his innocence, the prosecutor does
not see it this way, but is intent only on obtain-
ing a conviction. That's hi job. He is to prose-
cute, not to be objective.
Given this fact, and the fact that the prose-
cutor has infinitely more effective means to
prove his point, it follows that, despite the
aim, our judicial system is unbalanced, to the
disadvantage of the individual. The responsi-
bility to correct the unbalance lies with those
who decide national judicial policies.
Attorney-General Herbert Brownell has al-
ready accepted some of this responsibility. Point

a vote until they get more of life's experience?
If a base reflection on Democracy is allowed,
this group of voters seldom rises out of the
emotionally influenced electorate anyway.
Support for the 18-year-old vote has eman-
ated sporadically for the last few years. Un-
fortunately with few exceptions, movement to-
ward this goal has been continually thwarted.
Even the National Students Association after
lengthy controversy turned down a proposal
last summer supporting the 18-yearold vote.
THE FIRST years of college are the ideal time
to build students' interest in important
political questions. If students came to college
knowing they were presently a political force
there would be considerably more interest in
scrutinizing background of international and
national issues. They would need to if they
were to take responsibility at the polls.
Student governments, now generally relegated
to a minor role on campuses, would loom large
as representatives of weighted student opinion.
National. Students Association, national or-
ganization of student governments, would for
the first time carry important influence in
national non-student circles.
With this added influence would come re-
sponsibility. And with responsibility would
come interest in the problems of the nation
and world. What better time is there to de-
velop broadened citizen horizons than while
the citizens are in contact with outlets for
If students, in the interest of their new
responsibility to vote, extended themselves be-
yond their immediate individual lethargy,
speakers at NSA Congresses would concentrate
on directing student energies in specific di-
rections rather than on trying to find some
energy to direct.t
Managing Editor
The Scales
number two in his six point program for war on
crime and improved handling of federal crim-
inal cases which President Eisenhower has ap-
proved. was proposed legislation to establish a
system of paid public defenders-hundreds of
them serving on a full and part time basis-to
protect the rights of persons who can't afford
to hire lawyers in federal cases.
A public defender is more than a lawyer (we
hope Brownell means it this way, too). He is
paid by the government to investigate thor-
oughly criminal cases from the viewpoint of
the defendant, so as to be better prepared to
defend the rights of the defendant in court.
ALTHOUGH this means that the government
would be paying for both sides of some
criminal cases, it is well worth the cost if it
accomplishes the purpose of providing indi-
viduals with a fairer deal in federal courts.
Hundreds of public defenders throughout the
country would provide accused persons with
more effective means of gathering evidence for
their side of the story.
This step toward improving our judicial sys-
tem will not be complete, however, until Brow-
nell's proposed legislation is passed by Congress.
Perhapsa few letters to congressmen and sena-
tors would help bring this about.
But even if Congress does approve the hiring
of hundreds of public defenders, the job will be
far from completed. For it would affect only
federal courts and federal crimes.
There will still remain the same problem
in state courts, where most criminal cases are
tried. The next step, then, would be for the
states to adopt legislation allowing the hiring
of public defenders by the states.
Only then will a big step toward improving
our judicial system have been taken.
Daily City Editor

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V New Talbott Case Rising:

A NEW conflict-of-interest case
similar to that which forced
the resignation of Harold Talbott
as Secretary of the Air Force has
come to the surface in the Eisen-
hower Administration.
It involves Peter Strobel, who is
in charge of the government's
multimillion-dollar buildings, in-
cluding the construction of new
buildings, care of old buildings,
and the $150,000,000 program of
leasing land and buildings from
private individuals. Next to the
big dam and harbor contracts of
the Army Engineers, the AEC, and
the big contracts of the Defense
Department, he hands out the
largest construction jobs in gov-
Strobel, this column first re-
vealed on September 1, has been
running an engineering consultant
firm on the side. This was what
Harold Talbott did when Secre-
tary of the Air Force.
' * * *
SINCE THEN, more digging has
disclosed that Strobel went fur-
ther than Talbott. On one occasion
he actually approached the Army
Engineers and asked them to in-
crease the fee paid to his own per-
sonal firm. This was a contract let
before he entered the government,
but he stormed into Army Engi-
neer headquarters and demanded
$7,500 extra for Strobe! and Salz-

man. He finally settled for $3,000.
He has also recommended com-
panies doing business with his own
engineering firm for government
contracts; and has also hired ar-
chitects to design public buildings
on the say-so of GOP politicians.
When he first was appointed by
President Eisenhower to this key
spot in the General Services Ad-
ministration, Strobel did not want
to divorce himself from his firm,
Strobel and Salzman. In fact, he
refused to sign a standard form
which states that he had no con-
flict of interest with any outside
business firm.
* * *
FINALLY his chief, Edward
Mansure, practically ordered him'
to sign. At this point, Strobel sub-
mitted an amended form, admit-
ting his outside business but pledg-
ing it would not conflict with his
government duties.
Despite this oath, he recom-
mended some of his firm's clients
to design the new $50,000,000 Cen-
tral Intelligence Agency headquar-
ters. CIA and GSA are still dis-
puting, however, which agency
should build the new headquar-
ters. This column has also uncov-
ered evidence that other Strobel
customers have received GSA con-
Strobel refused to submit a list
of his engineering firm's clients to

his superidrs, so they could check
the names against government
contracts, until this column's ex-
pose of Sept. 1. After that, .how-
ever, he did so.
* * *
THIS COLUMN tried to contact
Strobel before publishing its Sept.
1 report. Failing to reach him, his
secretary, his assistant, and his
immediate superior, Mr. Mansure,
were interviewed. Afterward, Stro-
bel bitterly complained that he
wasn't given a chance to tell his
side of the story.
Again this column invited him
both by letter and telephone to
give his version of the facts. He
promisedto arrange an interview,
but never did. Before today's col-
umn was written, Strobel was in-
vited a third time to comment.
His secretary phoned that he
was too busy and 'had to catch a
train. It was learned, however, that
he was.in a rush to get to his New
York home for the week end.
* * *
MEANWHILE, the House Judi-
ciary 'Subcommittee chairmanned
by Congressman Celler of Brook-
lyn has looked into Strobel's case,
and has plans to question him on
some interesting and important
personalities with whom he has
had contacts.
Copyright, 1955, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.

Outrageous Attack...
To the Editor:
RE Tom Kelly's letter ('57L) of
the 25th concerning the "deifi-
cation of Ike." and his suggestion
of having Ike embalmed "a'la Len-
in and Stalin," carrying the body
on the campaign train, and play-
ing spin the coffin to determine
the Republican candidate.
This is the most outrageous, dis-
graceful, small-minded, disgusting
-in a word, putrid attack on the
great office of the American Presi-
dency that I have ever had the
misfortune to witness. Further, it
is an unforgivable personal attack
upon a man who has served his
country long and well, to the best
of his ability. This I sincerely be-
lieve would be true no matter
what party the President should
happen to belong, Republican or
It represents the small-minded
thinking of a thankfully small
group of political bigots who can-
not see beyond their green-eyed-
with-jealousy Democratic noses.
That such putrification could
have been penned by one aspiring
to become a member of the Ameri-
can Bar is beyond my comprehen-
-Don H. Kenney, '57L.
Questions 'Right'...
To the Editor:
THE Freedom of Speech certain-
ly is not being denied in the of-
fices of the Michigan Daily. A per-
fect example of the abuse of this
freedom was flagrantly displayed in
your selection of Tom Kelly's let-
ter which appeared in the "Letters
to the Editor."
My criticism is not for Tom Kel-
ly; it is intended for the editors
who chose to print his letter. No
one will question your "right" to
print such a letter, but many per-
sons have and will recognize your
extremely poor taste in printing
such untimely, inappropriate hu-
mor. Never, in all the years of
F.D.R.'s sickness, did the news-
paper editors find it in good taste
to joke about his condition.
Was the printing of Kelly's let-
ter intended to prevue a new low
trend in editorial policy?
-George E. Richardson, '56
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Letters to the
Editor in no way reflect the editorial
policy of The Daily, but are printed
to allow students on any side of any
issue free expression. It was not felt
by the editors that this letter was
meant to reflect on President Eisen-
hower's present ill health, and regrets
any such implications.)
Name Jumbling.. .
To the Editor:-
WHEN MSC had its initials
changed to MSU there was
a lot of talk that there would be
great confusion in the names of
that "college" and the University
of Michigan. This of course was
all pooh-poohed as sheer non-
sense. However, on Friday night
while driving into Detroit on the
Willow Run Expressway, I noticed
a sign on a billboard that was to
no small degree an insult.
Station WKMH had in large let-
ters that they were going to broad-
cast Saturday's football game be-
tween the University of Michigan
and Notre Dame-all this in large
green and white lettering.
Such abuse of names could be
quite disastrous. It is quite con-
ceivable with this sort of jumb-
ling of names that someone wish-
ing to attend U of M might be
led astray to East Lansing. Since
WKMH programs most of MSU
games it might do well to inform
them of their blunder that they
might not make the same unen-
lightened mistake a second time.
-Robert M. Sawicki, '58E
Juvenile Actions . .

To the Editor:
EVEN Saturday matinees with a
bunch of six-year olds, at a
neighborhood movie couldn't have
been worse than the display of
"intelligence" that most of the
U of M students showed Friday
evening at the State Theater for
the opening of "To Hell and



THE Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Micligan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room '3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be in
by 2 p.m Friday.
General Notices
Board in Review, Student Government
Council. At a recent meeting of the
Board in Review it was agreed that
while students would normally consider
the Student Government Council as
the agency for resolving organizational
problems there is a channel of appeal
from their decisions to the Board i
Review. To supplement. existing pro-
cedures by which appeals may be initi-
ated through actions by Board members
an additional procedure was estab-
lished. This provides for appeals to be
directed by means of a letter filed with
the Secretary of the Board in. Review,
1020 Administration Building.
When a meeting of the Board in
Review is called to review an action a
notice of this insertion will appear in
the D.O.B. with a notation that a stay
of action operates on the matter in
Late Permission for women students
who attended the Boston - Symphony
Orchestra Concert on Mon., Oct. 24 will
be no later than 11:15 p.m.
A University Terrace zero-bedroom
apartment will be available in two
weeks to any faculty couple. Contact
G. L. Hansen, 1060 Administration Bldg.,
Ext. 2662,
W. J. Mayo Lecture, auspices of the
Dept. of Surgery. "Influence of W. J.
Mayo on Surgery." Dr. Rupert s Cor-
bett, Surgeon, St. Bartholomew's, Lo-
'don. 1:30 p.m., Wed., Oct. 26, 2nd
Amphitheater, University Hospital.
Academic Notices
Schools of Business Administration,
Education, Music, Natural Resources
and Public Health. Students who re-
ceived marks of I, X, or "no reports"
at the end of their last semester of
summer session of attendance will re-
ceive a grade of "E" in the course or
courses, unless this work is made up
by Oct. 26. Studehts wishing an exten-
sion of time beyond this date in order
to make up this work, should file a
petition, addressed to the appropriate
official of their school, with Room 1513
Administration Bldg., where it will be
To Instructors of Engineering Fresh-
men: Five-week grades for all Engineer-
ing Freshmen are due in the Secretary's
Office, 263 West Engineering Building
on Fri., Oct. 28.
Medical College Admission Test: Can-
didates taking the Medical College Ad-
mission Test on Oct. 31 are requested
to report to 100 Hutchins Hall and 140
Business Administration at 8:45 Mon.
Law school Admission Test. Applica
tion blanks for the Nov. 12 administra-
tion of the Law School Admission Test
are now available at 110 Rackham Build-
ing. Application blanks are due in,
Princeton, N. J. not later than Nov. 2,
College of Architecture and Design
freshman five-week grade reports are
due Mon., Oct, 31. Please send them
to 207 Architecture Building.
Sociology Department's Student-Fac-
ulty Coffee Hour Wed., Oct. 26 at 4:00
p.m. in the Lounge, 5th floor Haven
Hall. Sociology and Social Psychology
students and faculty invited.
Botanical Seminar. Dr. K. L. Jones,
"The Nature of Streptomyces Popula-
tion in the Solls," 4:15 p.m., Oct. 26,
1139 Natural Science. Refreshments.
Events Today
Opening meeting of the Linguistics
Club, 7:30 p.m., East Conference Room,
Rackham Building. Dr. Charles C. Fries,
director of the English Language Insti-
tute will speak on the status of linguis-
tics in Europe today. Students and fac-


I have never heard so much
booing, hissing and hand clapping
in portions that were more inap-
propriate than these. I will agree
that the movie may have been
assinine in parts, but was there any
need to hiss as the movie hero
flitted across the screen in battle
or with his friends?
IThe one thing I will say that
really was annoying was to hear
clapping when our shy hero kissed
the girl when he was in Naples
or while hegot his promotion or
the like. Especially since you
couldn't hear what was said fol-
lowing these displays.
How can the residents of Ann
Arbor respect us if we continue to
display such juvenile actions? It
is true we sort of "take over the
town"hduring the year, but I can
see where they could begin to dis-
like us if this continues. I really
don't think people really enjoyed
the movie that evening. I know
I didn't.
Let's straighten up kids, and fly
right. Start acting like the young
adults we are instead of like six-
year olds.
-Terri Onufrok, '59



Guild Suffers Technical Problems


has Fosti
eign min
a largeg
ers, expl
port, or
for theA
tria and
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sulted, a
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ment th

Getting Readyt For Big Four
By J. M. ROBERTS including the wartime enemy in the formal
Associated Press News Analyst Western lineup for peace discussions.
T recall any occasion when an Ameri- T IS NOTICEABLE but not particularly
Secretary of State has devoted such significant that these pre-Geneva consulta-
.s effort to behind-the-lines unity as tions have been with members of America's two
ter Dulles in connection with the for- great Western alliances, NATO and the West-
iisters conference which begins Thurs- ern Hemisphere pact, and not with Southeast
Asian or other Oriental allies. So far, the
has spoken personally to the repre- United States is moving very deliberately with
es of at least 36 nations in addition to regard to policy in that area.
group of American congressional lead- Aside from clarifying the Allied program and
aining and trying to insure their sup- heightening the appearance of Western unity
at least their silence if they disagree, as the Big Three meet the Russians, the pre-
Allied program at Geneva. The matter Geneva explanations also serve to give advance
will come up during his visits to Aus- warnings of the known difficulties to be faced.
Yugoslavia. The Allies realize they aren't offering Russia
American and European nation with much in return for German reunification,
e United States is allied has been con- which they have coupled with an all-European
nd there seems to be an unparalleled security pact as the chief topic of the confer-
ty. Dulles made a special trip to Italy ence. They are saying "You give up East Ger-
lemonstrate to her people and govern- many, and we'll see to it that the unified
e concern of the Big Three for their Germany never attacks you."
, despite the fact that the Allies are not Russia is very likely to say "Why give up

CINEMA Guild, the student gov-
ernment-sponsored movie thea-
ter exhibiting its weekend wares in
hard-seated Architecture Audito-
rium, has frequently come up for
Selection of film products, lim-
ited seating capacity, hard seats-
each have received its share of
consistent disapproval.
Actually, the theater is- ham-
pered by a number of problems
that have no immediate solution.
The auditorium is the only avail-
able space that the University can
definitely have vacant on weekend
nights. And the film repertoire is
limited by a 16 mm. projector
(large movie houses employ 35
mm. machines) which means that
a small supply of cinema products
are available for rental, many
large studios being unwilling to
release 16 mm. prints.
DESPITE these handicaps, Cin-
ema Guild has managed to supply
local citizens and University stu-
dents and faculty with an often
stimulating series of films - at'
least more stimulating, on the
average, than the local commercial
movie houses where products, re-
gardless of merit, must be rented
to pacify picture distributors and
insure rental of important movies.
Cinema Guild attempts to pre-
sent one nr two foreisn films, anh

zation, Cinema Guild still emerges
as a theater with many disad-
vantages, but important advant-
If there is any major remediable
disadvantage, it is that Cinema
Guild's increased use of color
films has consistently proved over-
bearing. Color photography de-
mands a screen lighted from be-
hind for perfect-tone projection.
Such a screen is not housed in
Architecture Auditorium, and color
presentations have had a dreary,
blurred appearance that reminds
one of colored clothing not very
well washed.
Sometimes there have been
black-and-white prints of color
films. This has proven even more
annoying. For example, Ethel Mer-
man, made up for the Technicolor
cameras in "Call Me Madam," has
eyes that look like burned-out
blanket holes and lips that appear
putty plastered in the black and
white print. This is no slighting
of Miss Merman, for she looks
quite delightful in 'the original
* * *
THIS semester has also brought
an experiment with CinemaScope
subjects reduced to normal screen
size. In last weekend's presenta-
tion of "A Star Is Born," a film es-
pecially designed cinematographi-
cally to utilize the vast expanse of
the wide. cmremn. he ff -. a

the Student Government Council
committee has to face in main-
taining its theater, these griev-
ances may seem somewhat unwar-
However, better selection of
films (films which can be shown
with adequate technical projec-
tion) are not too much to ask.
Perhaps the committee might bet-
ter rent older black and white
prints which might decrease eye




by Dick Bibier


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