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October 08, 1955 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1955-10-08

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TWO

THE MCHIGANV DAILY

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Sixty-Sixth Year
EDIED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF -STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MicH. * PPhone NO 2-3241

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To The Editor
(Letters must be signed and limited to 300 words. The Daily
reserves the right to edit or withhold any letter.)

H

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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. This must be noted in all reprints.
SATURDAY, OCTOBER8, 1955 NIGHT EDITOR: LEE MARKS
Unimited Expansion
Is Wrong Answer
MOST serious problem facing the University 'The Residence Halls Board of Governors
today is anticipated expansion. The day has responded to the housing shortage by pro-
is not far off when 40,000 will register for ceeding with plans for a new 1,000-student dor-
classes. Closer still is the enrollment increase mitory. This will ease the shortage slightly
of 7,500 expected in the next five years. but more such unites will be needed. Well
Much study and discussion by students, aware of the impending housing crisis, the
faculty and administration is needed on the Residence Halls Board is prepared to spend
vital questI--can the University afford un- long hours planning ways to meet it.
limited expansion without vital harm to the Fraternity and sorority housing will have
University community? to increase proportionately. Big problem is
Many faculty members feel unlimited ex- finding available real estate. Nonetheless the
pansion, no matter how well anticipated and fraternity and sorority systems, working
prepared for, will seriously lower academic through their respective organizations, should
standards. prepare now for expansion.
SOME schools have responded to increased en- ADDITIONAL sororities are woefully needed.
rollment through teaching by television The ratio of sororities to fraternities was
and eliminating all tests which can't be graded valid once - a long time ago. It is now totally
by IBM. Such measures would not be desirable unrealistic. One sorority president expressed
here. regrets recently that only one third of girls
What will happen to the essential unity of rushing could be accommodated.
the community, Michigan spirit, tle traditions Interfraternity Council and Pan Hellenic
and feelings of the school once the campus is Association should devote a great deal of time
totally decentralized, as it appears it will some in the immediate future studying need and
day be? Loss of these intangibles may well means of expanding their systems.
incur irreparable damage. In many instances Ann Arbor realtors have
Unlimited expansion is the wrong answer. not responded to the increased demand for
No amount of preparation can adequately com- housing in admirable fashion. Rents in many
pensate for the numbers anticipated. In part cases are unreasonably high. The situation
the result would be a lowering of academic may well get worse in the next few years.
standards, an overcrowded town, development It would be expedient for local realtors
of a cold "commuters"' community-loss of and Chamber of Commerce members to de-
the intangibles that make the University great. vise a means of meeting what promises to be
a sore spot in "town and gown" relations.
BUT the inevitable trend seems to favor stu- Encouragement of low-cost housing and
dents, more students and more students. establishment of a rent grievance board would
If we're not going to limit enrollment, we'd be a starting point.
better be ready to take care of what we get. -LEE MARKS
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Looking Back At Geneva Meeting
-BY WALTER LIPPMANN

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WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
Truman May BackAverell
-BY DREW PEARSON

(EDITOR'S NOTE: Walter Lippman will stop
writing for three weeks in order to make a tour
of Europe. This is his final column until his
return, Octobjer 3.)
NOUGH time has passed and enough has
happened to enable us to see more clearly
and concretely the significance of the meeting
at the summit in Geneva last July. I am
afraid that an honest examination must show
that Moscow has had the initiative, and that
it has taken formidable advantage of the mili-
tary and political situation.
It has adapted its foreign policy to the
fact tlftt there is a military stalemate, and it
is exploiting this fact in an astute and carefully
calculated diplomatic campaign. The cam-
paign is designed to undermine the western
military system and to neutralize American
power in Europe.
We shall soon be asking ourselves what
is wrong with our own policies. We shall be
asking ourselves whether they have not re-
mained frozen in the pre-Geneva mold, and
whether as a result we are not coming off
second best in the diplomatic duel in Germany,
in the Middle East and in the Mediterranean.
In retrospect it is clearer than ever that
what happened at Geneva was a public ack-
nowledgment by the headls of states that they
cannot wage an atomic war. The words used
at Geneva were in the form of declarations and
pledges that they would not go to war.
But the underlying reality was that the
governments knew from their scientists and*
military leaders that in the existing balance of
power war has to be avoided.
That simultaneous public acknowledg-
ment about war was all that was agreed to at
Geneva. But that agreement was enormously
important. For on both sides of the Iron
Curtain there have been built up during the
cold war military and political structures of
alliances based on the expectation of a third
world war.
There is no doubt about this in regard to
the foreign policy of the United States since
the declaration of the Truman Doctrine. And
in the East the threat of encirclement by the
United States has long been used to justify
the domination of the satellites and the police
repression within the Communist orbit.
IT IS clear enough now, I think, that some
time last winter the Kremlin, realizing that
there was an atomic stalemate, formed a diplo-
matic policy based on that fact. The major
premise of the policy was that the fear of
Soviet military aggression, which had been so
strong since the Korean agression, should be
removed from the minds of the people of the
Old World. -
Then when the fear had been removed,
the Soviet Union would be able to exploit

diplomatically the great divisions of the non-
Communist world - that of the two Ger-
manys, that of France and Germany, that of
Islam and Europe, etc., etc.
The removal of the fear of Soviet mill-
Stary aggression was easy enough because, as
a matter of fact, Soviet military aggression
was impossible in the existing stalemate. On
this point the Soviet policy was not to deceive
the West. The policy was to advertise the
stalemate which neither East nor West could
alter.
The amiability of Moscow since the spring
may reflect a number of things that are hap-
pening in the Soviet Union. But on the mili-
tary level it has expressed the fact that war is
at this time impossible. What the Kremlin
wanted and what the Kremlin got at Geneva
was a spectacular demonstration that there was
no longer need to fear Soviet military aggres-
sion.
THlE removal of that fear has made it diffi-
cult to keep the democratic parliaments vot-
ing the military appropriations. It has also
produced a reappraisal of their foreign policies.
The fear of a Soviet military conquest having
been largely dispelled, there is a new order so
to speak, of priorities in many nations.
Among the Germans, for example, reuni-
fication has become more important than the
military alliance with the West. Greece and
Turkey have allowed themselves a quarrel over
Cyprus that they would never have dared to
indulge in if they were still afraid of being
conquered by the Soviet Union.
Egypt, and perhaps also Syria, are feeling
free to maneuver for high stakes, something
they would not risk if they thought the Red
Army might roll down upon them.
The strength of the new Soviet diplomacy
is in the fact that in these various conflicts
they have worked themselves into the classic
position where they hold the balance of power.
This is most evident in Europe where they are
now in a position to play upon the balance be-
tween the two Germanys, the balance between
France and Germany and the balance of Ger-
many with Poland.
THE Western position is inferior. For one
thing the Soviet Union holds the biggest
cards-namely Eastern Germany and the lost
German territory beyond the Potsdam fron-
tier. For another the Soviet Union is stronger
because it can be more flexible. It is not bound
as Britain and America are bound to a German
policy which is not negotiable.
As a result, because the Kremlin can ne-
gotiate while we cannot, the prospect in Ger-
many must suit Moscow only too well. For the
situation is shaping up for direct dealings with
Germany while the English-speaking peoples
are on the sidelines.

THE next Democratic candidate*
for Presidernt of the United
States may be partly picked this
week end as Governor Averell
Harriman entertains ex-President
Harry Truman in the rambling
gay-nineties Governor's Mansion
in Albany from which have come
many Presidents of the United
States.
For Truman, hitherto a stanch
Adlai Stevenson advocate, has
changed somewhat. He has told
close friends that the Democratic
race should be wide open, that
the Democratic Party has several
fine candidates, and that, while
he's still strong for Adlai person-
ally, the latter's defeat in '52 may
jinx him for '56.
{ Truman has also confided that
he thinks the strongest Democrat-'
ic ticket would be Harriman for
President and Kefauver foar Vice
President.
HOW FAR the toughest fight-
er in the Democratic Party will
go in confiding all this to his old
friend Averell Harriman as they
huddle together this weekend re-
mains to be seen. But Harry Tru-
man has two reasons for backing
Harriman. And being Harry Tru--

man he's likely to be frank about
them.
No. 1 is that Harry, more than
any other recent man in the White
House, has been loyal to his
friends. And Averell Harriman
was one Democrat who when the
dead cats were flying all around
both the front and rear porticoes
of the White House, never waver-
ed.
Other New York Democrats like
Bernie Baruch held their noses at
the hams and the mink coats, and
took a walk. But not Harriman.
In 1948, when the political pic-
ture looked darkest, he dug down
in his jeans, raised money and
campaigned for Truman.
* * *
HARRY IS one who never for-
gets these things.
Reason No. 2-Truman figures
that Harriman has some made-
to-order qualifications as a candi-
date.
His name is a household word
in New York. He lives at Har-
riman, N.Y., named for a family
that helped pioneer the railroads1
of the nation. He's big business,
yet he's\ ardently pro-labor.
He was head of the third or
fourth largest railway, the Un-

ion Pacific, part owner of the
Illinois Central, part owner of
Western Union, yet his coal mine,
were rated by John L. Lewis as
having the best safety record in
the nation. Labor has backed
him 100 per cent.
HE'S ALSO had experience. Not
only can he read a balance sheet,
having been a Wall Street invest-
ment banker, but he's been Secre-
tary of Commerce, ambassador to
Moscow and London, head of Mu-
tual Security, and head of NRA.
Yet he's appointed some of the
stanchest Roosevelt New Dealers
to his cabinet in New York.
Truman has indicated to friends
that he ought not to back any
one candidate too far ahead of
the Chicago Convention, that the
party must choose its own man.
Privately, however, he has some
vigorous views, thinks Harriman
and Kefauver would make a win-
ning ticket.
Note-Harriman's chief handi-
cap will be age. He's now 63, and
the American public, following
Ike's illness, is sensitive about
age. Friends counter this by
pointing out that Harriman skis,
plays polo, and has the figure of
35.

Poor Switch...
To the Editor:
THE decision to supplant The
Alsops and Walter Lippman
with Drew Pearson and Murry
Frymer (with all due respect to
Pearson and Frymer) was a sor-
ry one indeed!
-Theodore N. Ferdinand, Grad.
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Walter Lipp-
man's 'Today and Tomorrow' is
featured twice each week in The
Daily.)
Just Play.. ..
To the Editor:
I WOULD like to suggest the use
of more band music and less
intricate maneuvering on the part
of the University Band on game
days.
I, for one, would be thrilled to
hear this splendid band give us
such old-time marehes as "The
Thunderer," "Washington Post,"
"On the Mall," and "National Em-
blem."
The pictures which are depicted
by the band between halfs never
seem to be in focus from my van-
tage point in the end zone. This
must be true of about 45 per cent
of the crowd, I would think.
-Donald J. Porter, '21
Misplaced Blame ...
To the Editor:
HAVE a feeling that the stu-
dents on our campus are being,
unfairly blamed for causing the
general disturbance in Ann Arbor
during and after the State pep
rally.
If The Daily had not written
such an unnecessary article on
past performances before the
Michigan-Michigan State game
the students would never have
been found to act as they did.
Maybe a few censors should get to
work.
-Ann Mills
More Than Shocked*..*.
To the Editor:
O say that I was shocked by the
tone of the Page 1 editorial
on the panty raid (sic) of Septem-
ber 30 would be a colossal under-
statement. The attittide taken by
the editors in the article, (if in
deed the article was written by
the editors) shows a distinctly
narrow-minded point of view.
This letter is not written to de-
fend panty raids, but to put the
subject of panty raiding in its
proper perspective. If one wereto
judge' solely by the tone of the
editorial, one would think that a
serious crime had been committed.
Rather, it was a quite natural out-
burst of pent-up enthusiasm of
students completing their first
week of classes and using excess
energy generated by the pep rally
to perform what they considered a
common college occurrence and
certainly not destructive or detri-
mental to the prestige of the Uni-
versity.
You say that blame can't be
placed on anyone but the students.
Of course it can't! Since the stu-
dents were the only ones partici-
pating whom else can be blamed?
The main question is, however,
should anyone be blamed? I say
no.
To conclude, I would like to
say that cliches, hackneyed
phrases and overworked adjectives
do not make an editorial. Neither
does one panty raid ruin the repu-
tation of a University as fine as
the University of Michigan. Edi-
torials written during a period of
excitement are usually not cap-
able of offering constructive help.
Yours was no exception.
-Stephen P. Schwartz
Helpful Hints ...
To the Editor:

WE HAVE a new problem on our
campus now that enrollment
has increased, and that is the

mass invasion of bicycling stud-
ents. It seems that the number of
bicycles has increased consider-
ably, a fact which is evident from
the over-crowded bike racks.
With this increase in the num-
ber of. bikes a lot of traffic prob-
lems have arisen. It seems to me
as I ride around the campus that
very few people are aware of the
accidents that can occur on bi-
cycles. This letter is an urgent
appeal to students with bikes to
observe the same traffic precau-
tions they would if they were driv-
ing a car ...
Ride on the right side of the
walks ...
During change of classes, if
students must ride their bikes
down the crowded walks they
should at least go slow enough to
stop quickly...
When making right and left
turns a hand signal would help
a lot...
On rainy days speed can and
should be forsaken . . . Speed
should be cut down, not only on
rainy days but in areas where
accidents can happen.
Passing people and other bikes
also requires precaution .u. .
A word to pedestrian students:
please help the poor bike riders.
If someone is trying to pass you,
pull over to the right.
We all know the dangers of
driving a car, but let's not forget
that two wheels can be as danger-
ous as four.
-Barbara Rosen, '57
Television
Preview
Some of the highlights of the
coming week on television:
BIRTH OF MODERN TIMES,
on Omnibus,' will recreate the
color of the year 1492, Sunday at
4 p.m., CBS.
RESCUE OF GI'S from infa-
mous Japanese prison camp in
Manila, on 'You Are There,'Sua-
day at 5:30 p.m., CBS.
SHOW BIZ, color spectacular,
with Groucho Marx, Eartha Kitt,
Rosemary Clooney, Sunday at 6:30
p.m., NBC.
I.1

DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN

A

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STATE GUBERNATORIAL RACE:
GOP Hopes Center On Four

By PETE ECKSTEIN
Daily Staff Writer
Republican hopes for upsetting
Gov. G. Mennen Williams, the vet-
eran of four successful guberna-
torial campaigns, center around
four men, none of whom has clear
sailing to the nomination.
Detroit's Mayor Alfred Cobo is
said to be receptive to the idea of
running, but is putting off a pub-
lic commitment until the direction
of the political winds can be bet-
ter determined.
Cobo's popularity in Democratic
Wayne County is his major politi-
cal asset. His liabilities include
his health-a heart attack several
years ago is expected to receive.
much public attention since the
Eisenhower illness.
* * *
COBO IS under strong pressure
to resign as mayor before mak-
ing the race. Those who fear his
doing otherwise feel it would
weaken Detroit's non - partisan
government.
He may not be willing to give
up the mayoralty in exchange for
the risky business of running
against Williams. He will lose
much support, however, particu-I
larly among Detroit newspapers,
should he run without resigning.
Michigan State University Pres-
ident John Hannah is the favor-
ite of several of the young repre-
sentatives. They stress that his
Republicanism is undoubted, hav-
ing served in a top defense depart-
ment post under Eisenhower.
Held to be an able administra-

Rep. Alvin Bentley is mentioned
both favorably and otherwise by
Republican leaders. His youth is
in his favor, and he has a claim
to fame (in fact his primary one)
in that he stopped several bullets
fired by Puerto Rican nationalists
in their bloody raid of the House
of Representatives. State Chair-
man Feikens met with much
agreement when he told the Re-
publicans that the Michigan GOP
is "sunk" without an Eisenhower-
type program.
Bentley, however, draws criti-
cism for an anti-Eisenhower stand
on many issues, both domestic and
foreign. Much of Bentley's sup-
port seems to be limited to his
district, where his House seat
looks attractive to would-be heirs.
* * *
BY TALKING to Donald Leon-
ard one gets what is perhaps an-
exaggerated picture of the im-
portance of another bid by the
1954 candidate. The likable and
intelligent former Detroit police
commissioner is handicapped by
a 250,000 vote defeat in the last
gubernatorial race.
Though he has not announced
a candidacy, Leonard gives the im-
pression he is anxious for another
crack at "Soapy." He mentions
his strong showing in last year's
Republican primary and a vigor-
ous election campaign, blames his
defeat on voter attention to na-
tional issues including the lifting
of corporation taxes and high un-
employment. Leonard calls the
recent Democratic sweeps in Mi-
chi- an art i~os;_ ,

on farm prices. They are sincere
in their belief that Williams'.pop-
ularity is undeserved, that he has
not exercised proper leadership,
choosing to criticize the legisla-
ture's work rather than propose
programs of his own.
Most are convinced that the
"Eisenhower approach" is the
right one, fewer will agree just
how that approach can be trans-
lated into Michigan political terms.
But they disagree most on a
candidate, knowing it will take
a strong one to beat the inde-
fatigable "Soapy."

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p~m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be in
by 2 p.m. Friday.
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1955
VOL. LXVII, NO. 2
General Notices
M a r y L. Hinsdale Scholarship,
amounting to $117.94 (interest on the
endowment fund) is available to un-
dergraduate women who are wholly or
partially self-supborting and who do
not live in University residence halls or
sorority houses. Ghis with better than
average scholarship and need will be
considered. Application blankcs, obtain-
able at the Alumnae Council Office,
Michigan League, should be filed by
Oct. 20.
Blue Cross Group Hospitalization,
Medical and Surgical Service Programs
for staff members will be open from
Oct. 10 to Oct. 21 for new applications
and changes in contracts now in ef-
fect. Staff members who wish to en-
roll, or change their coverage to in-
clude surgical and medical services,
should make such changes at the Per-
sonnel office, Room 3012, Administra-
tion Building. New applications and
changes will be effective Dec. 5, with
the first payroll deduction on Nov. 30.
Lecture, auspices of the Dept. of
Bacteriology. "Effects of Adrenal
Steroids on Mechanisms of Resistance
to Infection." Edward S. Kass, M.D.,
PhD, Thorndike Memorial Laboratory,
Boston City Hospital, Boston, Mass.
4:15 p.m., Mon., Oct. 10, Rackham
Amphitheater.
General Library on all Sundays dur-
ing the current academic year, begin-
ning Oct. 8, the General Library will be
open from 2 p.m.-6 p.m. As in the past,
service will be given in the Main
Readfng Rom, Periodical Reading Room
and at the Circulation Desk. In addi-
tion, the First Floor Study Hall, in
which smoking is permitted, will be
open, and reserved books regularly
shelved there will be available.
Other Reading Rooms and Study Halls
in the building will be closed, but books
needed for Sunday use may be re-
served by students on Saturday.
Holders of stack permits will have
access to the stacks and may withdraw
books. Other users of the Library may
return and renew books at the Circu-
lation Desk.
Academic Notices
Admission test for graduate study in
business: Students planning to take
this test on Sat., Nov. 12, should leave
their names at the Information Desk,

Scribblingb y Mike Marder

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