EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
"Oh, Joyous Day"
Opinions Are Free,
uth Will Prevail"
torials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staf writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
'U' LITTLE SYMPHONY:
Has Bright Future
LAST SUNDAY'S premiere performance of the University Little
Symphony revealed an organization which has promise of a great
The concert, which was entirely a student presentation, opened with
Mozart's Overture to Cosi fan tutti, with Robert Hause conducting. One
was immediately impressed with the clarity and fullness which the
orchestra achieved. The string section sounded especially fine, perhaps
because it wasn't hampered by the inflexibility which a large cumber-
some group brings.
BENJAMIN PATTERSON conducted Mozart's "Konzertantes Quar-
tett" for the second number on the concert. The quartet consisting of
Patricia Stenberg, oboe; Virginia Catanese, clarinet; Eleanor Becker,
bassoon; and Howard Howard, French Horn; did a wonderful job in its
AY, MAY 29, 1956
NIGHT EDITOR: MARY LEE DINGLER
Four Years Evaluated:
Dave Baad Writes -30-
AFIER HARPING for at least a year on the
apathetic condition of the University com-
munity, it might seem proper to explose some
other problems as one sets down his final words
in The Daily's editorial columns. But this
situation concerns so many students and fac-
ulty members that some further exploration
certainly is still timely.
IHC with its political forums, Student Gov-
ernment Council with its Academic Freedom
Week, and initial steps toward liberalizing the
Lecture Committee's philosophy have been
encouraging inroads toward reducing the le-
thargic atmosphere, but their effect can at best
be termed microscopic.
As one more and more surveys this problem,
it becomes evident that it goes much beyond a
concentrated effort at providing concrete
opportunity for student discussion and thinking
on controversial issues. The response to oppor-
tunities this year has not been completely de-
pressing, but has fallen far short of producing
a concentrated student interest in fundamental
Basically, the problem involves the complex-
ion of today's student body-not so much a
unique apathy among this University's stu-
dents, but rather a complexion that apparently
extends throughout all the nation's campuses.
COLLEGE IS no longer the citadel ofintensive
higher education, as epitomized in the tra-
ditions of American institutions. Whether it
ever reached the goals of intensive intellectual
cogitation and research proposed by our ideal-
istic forefathers or not, the undergraduate
school today appears to have taken on a
The bachelor's degree, supposedly indicative
of success after four years' intense study, no
longer is the unique honor of a few. Today
the degree means little more than did the
high school diploma of 25 or 30 years ago;
that many more students are graduating from
colleges. It is now the socially accepted thing
to go on to college after graduation from high
school, and our overcrowded institutions of
higher learning reflect this changed emphasis.
When a degree means little more than a
stepping-stone to a good job, it is difficult to
envision a university student body with much
consciousness of the important and burning'
questions of the time.
SOME SAY a p iiori the educational standards
of the University will descend ever further
as the University doubles in size. This makes
the challenge even greater. Considering the
apathetic overtones already in existence the
revelation of the great enrollment increase was
perhaps the most significant development in
higher education in 1955-56.
Efforts to undermine apathy have almost
insurmountable obstacles in this situation. But
it is still crucial that present efforts to reduce
intellectual apathy be maintained. It is im-
portant that there be continual striving to
produce an atmosphere of free intellectual ex-
change. If this atmosphere can be promoted,
there is wonderful opportunity for bulwarking
the basis on which a democracy is founded.
An educated populace is the ideal and essence
of a really strong democratic country. With
an excellent academic atmosphere, the Uni-
versity can only prove beneficial to the country,
with the great increase of students attending
THE NEWY-FORMED SGC assumes a tre-
mendous responsibility in maintaining and
exerting the students' viewpoint on the funda-
mental educational questions facing us today.
For the first time since before the war, stu-
dents here have government machinery which
can influentially put forth their viewpoint.
SGC, in cooperation with other facets of the
University community, has made inroads on
some, problems in its first year of existence.
Its initiative produced a driving ban change,
and reflected an unbiased all-University view-
point in changing the sorority rushing system
from fall to spring. First steps were taken
toward clarifying the present chaotic coun-
seling system of the University. An initial
exploration is taking place with the Lecture
These, for one year, were fine accomplish-
ments. But the responsibilities facing the
future's thoughtful students are immense. As
the University expands from 20,000 to 40,000
students in the next 15 years, students will
have a crucial role in maintaining and improv-
ing the present University atmosphere and
THE PROBLEMS of lethargy, mentioned
ear ier, will only be augmented by the en-
rollment increase. It is the responsibility of
thinking students to take an interest in and
keep abreast of an ever-changing educational
situation, although the number of concerned
students will probably continue to be a small
It will be up to this minority to provide lead-
ership for student opinion, and not to be pure-
ly a reflection of the student body. SGC showed
signs of leadership this year. The Council has a
responsibility to continually encourage students,
so that stuent government will maintain a
high level of responsibility in helping to solve
SGC is no place for honor-seekers and dab-
blers. The appointment of Vice-President Lewis
to serve as a liaison between'students and the
University Regents makes student government's
position too important for this type of person.
Vice-President Lewis' appointment was a recog-
nition that students have a part to play in
formulating University policy affecting them
and half-interested SOC members are not
worthy of being invested s with responsibility
by their constituents.
But, in commenting on the year's activity,
some events should not pass unnoticed. Of
current interest is the recent crackdown on
athletic subsidization. UCLA and Washington,
of the reputable Pacific Coast Conference, and
several southern schools, have suffered severely
from the recent investigations.
It was the most serious attack on the touchy
semi-professional collegiate football situation
in many years. Some called the discipline un-
fair. If this is the end of the ciackdown, their
criticism is justified.
But if this is the beginning, as seems to be
the case, of a nationwide re-examination of
athletic subsidization, then the steps of the
the past few weeks are commendable.
It's been obvious that the slipping of money
to college athletes has been getting out of hand.
It has been rationalized that athletic scholar-
ships give some not otherwise privileged stu-
dents an opportunity to get a college educa-
tion. This is good rationalization, and in the
case. of Michigan any money spent has some
justification. The recent Michigan Alumnus
article indicating how many athletes go, on
to professional school emphasizes that Michi-
gan athletes haven't been oriented exclusively
BUT RECENT comments from the Athletic
Department that Michigan is finding it
harder and harder to compete for top-notch
high school athletes suggests continual over-
professionalization of college sports. It is hoped
that this year's discipline will scare colleges
back into perspective in their emphasis on
Subsidization should be reduced to reason-
able scholarship programs, which could be
administered or guided by the National Col-
legiate Athletic Associatalon. This- would give
the good athlete an opportunity for advanced
education, keep the good football Saturday a
tradition, and eliminate the ridiculous competi-
tion carried on by alumni money-bags.
AT THE RISK of becoming overly sentimen-
tal, I would like to acknowledge some people
who provided great assistance in making my
senior year an outstanding experience.
First of all, to Donna Netzer and Jane How-
ard, who sacrificed valuable time during these
last work-filled weeks to take dictation for
a victim of a tapping tragedy. ,
To Jim Dygert, who provided both an intel-
lectual tone and a top-notch news sense to
The Daily; to Murry Frymer for his uncompro-
mising and stimulating liberalism; to Debra
Durchslag for providing atmosphere for the
editorial office and, by the way, an excellent
Sunday magazine; to H. David Kaplan, for his
tireless efficiency and introducing me to the
Choral Union Concert Series; to Jane, who as
the staff's best writer has earned a job with
Time, Inc.; and to Louise Tyor, who as well as
being the staff horticulturist extraordinaire,
produced one of the best Daily under staffs in
years, my grateful thanks for continuous co-
operation, when the chips were down-as they
are every day at The Daily.
Also, accolades to Phil Douglis, for his pro-
lific interpretation of sports, to Mary Hell-
thaler for dedicated work on the Women's
Page, to the hardest-working Business Man-
ager in memory, Dick Alstrom. Thanks, too, to
the Junior Staff for their consistent operation
as the backbone of The Daily. A special thanks
to Ernie Theodossin, for stimulating an essen-
tially noncritical mind, and for providing
friendly counsel with intellectual overtones.
THE WHOLE administration is to be com-'
mended for its increasing interest and co-
operation in solving student problems. Again,
thanks to Vice-President Lewis and Dean Rea,
for beneficial counsel in indecisive moments.
My gratitude to Delta Upsilon for its sympa-
thetic approach to my time-consuming activi-
Also to Donna Netzer, Janet Neary, Hank
Berliner, Tom Bleha, Hazel Frank, Bob Wein-
baum, Debbie . Townsend, Jeanette Grimn,
Todd Lief for their close companionship as we
struggled through Student Government Coun-
cil's first full year.
A thank-you to the faculty members, who
....9+iun-sl~ n. a+P,.timy Ainn.I siln_-
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Or~ - ~~AV.4VA*Cr.AS ~ c~.
'Chalk Garden' Mild Symbolist Play
GLADYS Cooper, Barbara O'Neil
and Betsy von Furstenberg
tried very hard last night to pro-
ject themselves beyond the mild
confines of Enid Bagnold's "The
Chalk Garden." Unfortunately,
neither the performers nor the
playwright came out very well;
and if there is a necessity for de-
termining exactly who was res-
ponsible for what was a decidedly
passive evening of theater, the
blame ,must rest more heavily on
the writer than the players.
To begin, "The Chalk Garden"
is one of those symbolist pieces
of writing that Hemingway once
referred to as having their sym-
bols stuck in like raisins in bread:
when the finished product is
baked, the raisins always stand
IN "THE CHALK GARDEN,"
the participants converse part of
the time in standard, everyday
English-American dialogue. The
remainder of the time, they dis-
cuss their problems through gar-
dening metaphors, and these latter
passages are not only overly ob-
vious, but perpetually intruding.
Miss Cooper is cast as Mrs. St.
Maugham, a grandmother who
has done an unsuccessful job of
raising her own daughter, and is
doing an equally unsuccessful job.
of raising her granddaughter
(Betsy von Furstenberg). Into her
chaotic home comes Miss Madrigal
(Barbara O'Neil), applying for a
position as the girl's governess.
Miss Madrigal speaks much of
the time to herself in halting sent-
ences and gazes into space ab-
stractly-it is obvious that she is
a wise woman with a hidden past.
The extent of Miss Madrigal's past
is eventually revealed, but not be-
fore she has compared Mrs. St.
Maugham to the "chalk garden"
in the back of the house: both
have unhealthy soil for growing
things, too much lime, you can't
grow things in bad soil, why not
put some potash into the ground?
By the play's end, Miss Madrigal
has taken the audience through a
close reading of a manual of Eng-
lish countryside gardening. While
this is sure to please botonists and
bio-chemists, it does not make for
a very entertaining theatrical eve-
PLAYWRIGHT Bagnold creates
characters that do not develop in
any manner whatever; the best
they can do is come to final ex-
pression, as in the case of Miss
Madrigal who serves. as a force
of goodness. But all the indivduals
are stereotypes. Miss St. Maugham
is the vivacious old lady with dis-
tracted witticisms; the - grand-
daughter is the typical adolescent
with a lively and sadistic imagin-
ation; the others-a judge, a
nurse, a servant, the girl's mother
-are all that twentieth-century
drama has led one to expect from
* s a
DIRECTOR O'Shaughnesy has
had obvious trouble in xeeping his
people restricted to the smallness
of Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
The Misses Cooper and Von Furst-
enberg play theri roles with a
broadness and heavy gesturing
quality that is better suited to a
huge auditorium. Anne Hunter,
as the mother, and Miss O'Neil
are contrastingly quiet, and hence
a welcome relief from the loud,
over-enunciated speech of the
Aside from the aforementioned
projection difficulties, the per-
formers give credible portraits.
But "The Chalk Garden" is a
difficult play for an actor or
actress to make come alive; and
regardless of the craftmanship
and artistry of the players, the
passivity of the play seems to stifle
any excitement that might be gen-
Robert Mellencamp's single set,
a room in an English manor, and
Cecil Beaton's costumes are ,ap-
propriate and sensitively conceived.
AT THE STATE:
MAMIE STOVER isn't nearly
the woman of ill-repute the
advertisements suggest her to be.
In fact, she is almost too virtu-
ous to be true.
Mamie, played by a tired-looking
Jane Russell, is escorted out of
town by a gentlemanly San Fran-
cisco policeman. Denied readmis-
sion to the Golden Gate city, she
decides to make a try for the big
money as a taxi-dancer in Hawaii.
,On the steamer, Mamie makes
the acquaintance of a bronzed god
played by Richard Egan. They
embrace twice, once passionately,
and go their respective ways at
While he retreats to his socially
correct mountain home to write
things, Mamie shows herself to be
the more ambitious and is very
soon the flaming rage of the is-
The war comes, and with it,
prosperity in the form of several
thousand eager GI's who serve
only to increase the high-fidelity
Mr. Egan is called to battle,
Mamie vows to wait and knit, but
can't resist the lure of the dance
floor. She is caught, as her lover
sneaks home on leave, and all is
In the end, Mamie realizes that
all. that, glitters isn't, gives her
new-found riches away, and goes
home to Mississippi without mon-
ey or man.
It's all very proper and virtuous,
but a little sin would have helped
things a great deal.
Trash? s .
To the Editor:
TRASH, by definition is some-
thing to be discarded, To say
that music which has been with
us for over 175 years should now
be discarded is the height of ridic-
ulousness. After hearing the Missa
Brevis (K. 192) performed last
night by the Michigan Singers, I
can truly say it was one of the
most refreshing musical experi-
ences I have ever had.
--Walter M. Chesnut, '58M
soli passages. The fast runs were
extremely smooth in their execu-
tion. The orchestra performed its
role of accompanist very, well,
never overshadowing the quartet
and always adding to- the expres-
siveness of the music.
Two songs written and conduct-
ed by Jerome Neff were next on
the program. Unfortunately the
orchestra was rather overpowering
with its accompaniment and fre-
quently covered the fine voice of
Hildred Kronlokken. The songs did
reveal Mr. Neff as a composer well
versed in the modern idiom.
Emerson Head conducted the
final number on the program,
Beethoven's "Symphony No. 1 in C
major." Although some of the tem-
pos seemed a little too fast the
overall performance of this work
was quite good.
Probably because the Intimate
quality of Mozart's work is par-
ticularly suited to orchestras of
this size the first two works on the
program sounded the best. The
student conductors all showed a
great deal of maturity in their
To Solve the Problem, Shut Your Eyes
(Continued from Page 3)
A-Blalock-231 Angell Hall
B-Lenski-1025 Angell Hall
C-varley-Natural Science Aud.
D-varley-Natural Science Ad.
E-wilensky-Aud. B, Angeli Hall
SOCIOLOGY 1 - MAKE-UP: Mon.
June 11, 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon.
All lectures: Aud. C Angell Hall.
SOCIOLOGY 60: Sat., June 9, 9:0
a.m. to 12:00 noon.
Curtis 1210 Chemistry
Peterson 1300 Chemistry
Slesinger 1400 chemistry
Weller 101 Economis
SOCIOLOGY 60: Make up: Sat, June-
9 2:00-5:00 p.m.
All sections: 35 Angell Hall.
College of Engineering. Summer
School classification in the Engineering
College will be done on. Fri., June 22,
only. Students who register on Thurs-
day according to the alphabetical sched-
ule will classify in engineering courses
at the corresponding hour on Friday.a
Students who register on Friday will
classify in engineering courses one half
hour after their assigned registration
time. This supersedes the instructions
for engineering classification as printed
in the~ Summer Session Time Schedule.-
History 50 final examination, Tues.,
June 5, 2:00-5:00 p.m.:
Aaron-Klawson, Natural Science Aud.
Klein-Smink, Architecture Aud.
Smith-Zinn, Aud. C, Angell Hall.
Room Assignments for Final Exami.
nations in English 1 and 2, held o
Wed., 'June 8, 1956, 2-5 p.m.
Boyd, 5 Econ.; Duclos, 2042 NS; Fields,
1200 Chem.; Levin, 1200 Chem.; Phillips,
13 Tap.; Ruland 5 Econ.; Stanwood,
2042 NS; Vande Kieft, 2 Tap.; white,
Aivaz, 6 AH; Allison, 1020 AH; Baker,
1025 AH; Bloom,25 AH; Brown, 25AH;
Burns, 2013 AH; Cooper, 2235 A; Dow
ner, 1025 AU; Drake, 1025 AU; Elevitch,
4024 Chem.; Engel, 1035 AH; English,
1025 AH; Fisher, 101 Econ.; Fitch, 4225
Chem.; Glenn, 2003 A; Gohn, 2335 A;
Greene, 1035 AH; Grolman, 2448 M;
Hagopian, 215 Econ.; Harris, 1035 AH;
Hart, 2003 AH; Hooks, 2013 AH; Howes,
25 AH; Hughes, 2 Econ.; Huntley, 1025
AH; Hynes, 1035 AH; Kinney, 435 MH;
Kleinberg, 205 RL; Lacey, 1300 Chem
Lid, 451 MH; Manierre, 1429 M; Mason,
411 MH; Miller, 2435 MH; Muehl, 2054
NS; Nicholson, 2003 AH; Orlin, 1400
Parsons, 202 Econ.; Rhodes 1300
Chem.; Rice, P., 310 RL; Rockas, 2054
NS; Russell, 101 Econ.; Schmeri, 4403
Chem.; Schutter, 3016 Chem.; Seward,
101 Econ.; Shafer, 1025 A; Simon, 207
Econ.; Smith, 2413 M; Spilka, 18 A;
Stone, 3 Tap.; Strempey, 4054 NS;
Stroud, 2082 NS;
Thackrey, 3409 MU; Wall, 1400 Chem.
Wareham, 407 M; Warshausky, 2054
NS; Wasserman, 3427 MU; Weimer, D.,
1400 Chem.; Weimer, J., 2003 AH; Weist,
1053 NS; Wigod, 4014 NS; Williamson,
1058 NS; Wykes, 2308 Chem.; Yosha,
Sec. 17, 209 AH and Sec. 92, 212 AH
Zale, 2440 MH.
Chemical Physics Seminar, Tues.,
May 29, 4:10 p.m. Room 2308 Chemistry
Building. Dr. W. C. Bigelow will speay
on "Electron Metallographic Studies
of Heat Resistant Alloys."-
Department Colloquim, Thurs., May
31, 7:30 p.m., Room 1300 Chemistry
Building. Mr. E. Antonlades will speak
on "The Schmidt Reaction of o-Substi-
D. Overbeek will speak on "Synthesis
of Some Azepine Derivatives.'
By MURRY FRYMER
Daily Editorial Director
THERE WAS an uncomfortable squirming of tired torsos as the
the professor ran a little past the hour-then he concluded his
lecture; the final one of the year and the two hundred and some
students shuffled out to go home, or hear the concluding_ words of
The faces that had been blank, weary, almost unconscious for the
hour now resumed interest as friends were met, weekend jokes were
repeated, and groans for the oncoming final exams were interchanged
I was one of these faces, yet I stopped for a moment to notice the
Behind the faces were the minds of our society's intellectual
superiors, minds that were being trained in an enormous variety of
fields to grapple with the problems the present generation was leaving
But as they shuffled out of the lecture hall I had the uncomfort-
able feeling that behind those faces there wasn't what I thought at
all. There didn't seem to be any energy there, any confidence, any
determination. It was as if these minds hadn't ever grappled with any-
thing and either didn't know how, ort were out of condition. Their
notebooks were full-that's where the knowledge came-out of the
months of lectures into the notebooks of students without passing
through any grappling stage at all. What was scribbled in those note-
books was truth-if they had written it down accurately. No doubts,
no disagreements-there was no time for that.
There was only one more stage now to success-getting what was
in those notebooks down into bluebooks at the appropriate time, and in
the appropriate way. No doubts, no 4isagreements-there was no time
for that, no place for that, no one wanted that, no one asked for that.
THESE STUDENTS and thousands of others like them had seen in the
newspaper last week that the University enrollment was going to
jump 1,600 next semester. That meant about 24,000 here in the fall. Well,
what difference did it make? Did it matter whether there were 200
or 225 in the lecture hall? Did it matter whether there were 110 or
150 sections of English composition?
function, their jobs were being sterilized by the growing mass
passivity. They'll still be able to teach. Just sit back and absorb.
Will the students listen? Least of all. They don't want to debate,
evaluate. No one ever asked them to before. They're not sure they
know what it means. "Listen pal, that guy up there has been studying
this stuff for a hellava long time. You mean I should say HE'S wrong.
What do you want me to argue about?"
"But that's what education is! Maybe he's right, maybe he isn't.
But we're not sops. Let's talk about it, make him explain if you're
uncertain, contribute your own thoughts."
"In a room of 200, are you kidding? You want to sit around here
all day. I got better things to do!",
-Does anyone know what academic freedom is?
Didn't we just have a week devoted to that? Why bring it up again?
-You mean this is a one-week a year proposition? This university
won't let us hear "subversives." Shouldn't we? How are we going
to know what they're subversive about? Aren't we cutting down on all
freedom by limiting theirs. They're only ADVOCATING the loss of
our freedom. We're making that loss of freedom a reality.
-Sure. Sure. You don't like it here, go someplace else. Leave me
along, will ya bud.
-There were ten thousand at the final football scrimmage; only
about 200 ALL WEEK LONG for Academic Freedom week.
-Sure. Sure. Leave me alone, will ya bud. Ya don't like it here?
Go someplace else.
NO THAT'S not the answer. You can't go someplace else. The prob-
lem is here. The problem of a university, esteemed around the
world, becoming a mass introdoctrination factory. The problem of an
administration playing public relations with the future of its students,
the problem of a faculty interested first, and foremost in selfish
security, the problem of a stenographic student body, uninterested,
passive, insecure, tired.
They're upping the mass to 24,000 next semester. Then up and
up. Forty thousand in 1970, they say. Forty thousand individuals? No,
a mass. A mob. Writing down what a television screen says and repeat-
ing it at an appropriate time, and looking forward to the weekend for
the big game, and "Rose Bowl, Rose Bowl, Rose Bowl!" What are our.
rhanPr hi A e.) rm.i: i a 'R nw,, kn,.holde a