EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
"Hello - Mr. Hammnarskjold?
When Opinions Are Free.
Truth Will Preval*
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
SATURDAY, MAY 26, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: TAMMY MORRISON.
To Dean Deborah Bacon
I / _ __ _ _ _
g I (
Dear Dean Bacon:
IT WAS with marked surprise that reports of
your performance on Thursday evening's
"Academic Freedom: Dead or Alive at Michi-
gan?" forum drifted our way. We heard ac-
quaintances discuss the substance of your re-
marks; we read an account of these remarks in
The Daily; and now we are somewhat taken'
back that our very own Dean of Women, the
woman who is ultimately responsible for the
well being of our coeds, should say such things.
Most of all, Dean Bacon, we are shocked that
you would ever admit, as you phrased it, that
"I don't think. I feel."
In general, we believe that this attitude is a
manifestation of the mind-body problem which
has bothered individuals for thousands of years,
and that'by relying solely on feelings, you are
solving the problem with a neatness that
smacks of unreasonableness. Specifically, we
take issue with the following points you have
chosen to mnake about Academic Freedom.
ACADEMIC FREEDOM is, we venture to
point out, linked with reason. That you feel
otherwise is unfortunatp, for your stand is
exactly what Academic Freedom Week is de-
signed to offset, employing the idea that Aca-
demic Freedom needs to be thought out ration-
ally and to be discussed before audiences
interested in its general problem.
It is the em'otionalism that you champion,
that has made Academic Freedom a muddled
and vague issue. Furthermore, in the words of
your co-panelist, Prof. Roger Heyns of the
psychology department, a university is dedi-
cated to "the search for truth." As far as we
can ascertain, most of today's recognized truths
were discovered through thinking, not feeling.
Your placing Academic Freedom on an emo-
tional and feeling level seems at variance with
the objectives, in part or in full, of such
University departments as philosophy, English,
psychology, sociology, social psychology, et al..
YOUR CONCLUSION that "freedom is neither
a gift nor a right; it must be earned or
bought" might be reasonable and worthy of
consideration, except that you follow it up with
the comment that "The price is one most of us
have never been asIked to pay: the price of
public scorn, loss of job, disenfranchisement,
exile, the rack." This is, one might observe, a
trifle melodramatic, and an extension of that
modern concept that in order to understand
life and live life one must participate in the
brutalities and sadistic actions which often
characterize political and social revolutions: all
else is mere words.
We 'disagree again. One can believe in and
fight for freedom without submitting to "exile,
the rack" or "public scorn, loss of jobs, disen-
franchisement." The idea that self-destruction
must follow the upholding of any principle does
not necessarily follow from the original premise
that the principle is valid. At a large univer-
sity, dedicated, in Prof. Heyn's words, to "the
search for truth," a discussion of these truths
along rational and thinking grounds is inher-
ent in the principles of reason championed by
"flOW ARE you going to act when the Titan-
tic goes down?" you ask. This would imply
that the only valid test of any principle is how
well the individual can feel his way out of a
crisis brought on by upholding that principle.
This seems quite unreasonable,
If we wish to speak on Academic Freedom
through the metaphorical framework of ships,
let us hasten to admit that ships are not sent
out to sea without first thinking of what pre-
parations are necessary. In the case of the
Titanic, more lifeboats would have been a great
help. The fact that no one thought of pro-
viding more lifeboats brought about many of
the deaths of the dozens who perished in the
WE CANNOT be too disagreeing with your
statement explaining your views as "half-
Freud." Many historical personages were think-
ers: Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas, James-the list
is immensely long. With perhaps the major
exceptions of the Romantics and the sentimen-
talists, most literary persons have; not only
felt, but essentially thought as well. Please
do not say that Chaucer, Shakespeare, Pope,
Swift . . . Henry James did not think. Granted
that they had feelings: they were thinkers,
And Freud, while not the best upholder of
reason, is recognized as an important thinker.
W E MUST CONCLUDE, Dean Bacon, that
students have the right to link Academic
Freedom to reason, to discuss it by means of
reason, and to do this especially in this univer-
sity atmosphere which is very often dedicated
to the use of reason.
'"" * wwuar Mu
+4ET--, I-L- cp c e-
By DREW PEARSON
Enrollment and Housing
YESTERDAY I suggested that in
order to rescue our flagging,
skidding foreign relations, Ike
should appoint Clare Boothe Luce
to a high post in the State De-
partment, possibly as Sec.retary of
State, with Dick Nixon as Under-
Doubtless some readers thought
I did this with tongue in cheek.
However, let's take a look at
what's happening to our foreign
policy and at the man responsible
for its disastrous tailspin.
When Herbert Hoover, Jr., our
Undersecretary of State, was ask-
ed about the Islands of Cyprus
last winter, he replied, pleasantly
"I DON'T know much about
Cyprus. I guess I'll have to bone
up on it."
Yet Cyprus for almost a year had
been the second most potential
danger spot in the Mediterranean,
the first being Israel - Egypt. It
is the job of a diplomat to look
ahead and prevent international
fires, not run around with a bucket
trying to put them out after they
get started. Hoover and the State
Department did not do this. As a
result, the fire on Cyprus is so
intense that years of firefighting
will not quench the blaze.
Young Hoover is nice, naive, but
totally unqualified to run the State
Department. Yet with Dulles away
most of the time the Under Secre-
tary has to run it.
WHEN JOHN Foster Dulles was
retained by New York banks and
bond houses in the 1920's he made
several trips to Germany and each
time'he stepped off the boat on
his return he made learned state-
ments to the press that Germany
was a sound investment, perfectly
safe for American bondholders.
After every such statement more
American money was poured into
Germany, eventually to go down
At that same time, however, it
was no secret that many American
economists were worried over the
unsafe foundation of the German
economy and the heavy prepara-
tions burden Germany owed to
France. They knew the money
poured in by American investors
was being siphoned on to France
and that eventually the whole
bubble would burst.
THEIR WORRY was one reason
why the bankers hired Dulles to
allay those fears. At any rate,
Dulles kept on making bullish
statements about Germany.
"Our bankers have performed a
great service, both to this country
and to the world," he announced
"Germany has madegreat pro-
gress," he said again on Oct. 21,
1930. "Her national income and
government . income have grown
to a point where the reparations
charge constitutes a readily bear-
End result of this investment
splurge and Dulles' encourage-
ment of it was that the American
people helped to finance Hitler for
World War IL This was one of
the great blunders of the man who
became Secretary of State. But
it wasn't the only one.
IN THE SPRING of 1939 Dulles
was speaking before the economic
club of New York.
"THESE DYNAMIC PEOPLES,"
he said, referring to Germany,
Italy and Japan, "determined to
take destiny into their own hands
and attain that enlarged status
.. which had been denied them."
This speech was an apology for
Hitler and Mussolini. It was made
after Hitler had gobbled all of
Austria and Czechoslovakia, after
Mussolini had swallowed Ethiopia,
and after Japan had occupied
much of North and central China.
Again on Oct. 29, 1939, after Hit-
ler had attacked Poland and all
Western Europe was embroiled in
war, Dulles made a second speech
before the National Council of the
Y M. C. A.
* * *
"THERE IS no reason to believe
that any totalitarian states, sep-
arately or collectively, would at-
tempt to attack the United States,"
he said. "Only hysteria entertains
the idea that Germany, Italy or
Japan contemplate war upon us."
It was a speech that Mr. Dulles
badly wanted to forget.
The trouble is that Dulles has
made speech after speech and
statement after statement that he
would like to forget, dating from
1939 too "agonizing reappraisal" to
"massive retaliation" to "brink-of-
How a man who has been guilty
of such constantly bad judgement
should be 'picked as Secretary of
State is a long story which must
be reserved for a future column.
New Books at Library
Trumbull, Robert-As I See In-
dia; NY, Wm Sloane, 1956.
Wall, Joesph - Henry Watter-
son: Reconstructed Rebel; NY, Ox
U Press, 1956.
Walsh, Chad-Behold the Glory;
NY, Harper, 1956.
White Victor - The Dominant
Note; NY, Bobbs-Merrill, 1956.
Letters to the Editor must be signed
and limited to 300 words. The Daily
reserves the right to edit or with-
hold any letter.
To the Editor;
HAVE just finished reading
your newspaper for May 23rd,
and I must say that you people
over there ought to keep a few
things in mind. The story about
this fellow David Kessel, for ex-
ample. I's sure that you people in
publications have good times over
in your building, you are probably
friends and all that. But it seems
pretty unnecessary to me for you
to keep writing about yourselves
and your friends when there are
important things going on at this
'I have read some of the things
that this David Kessel has said, he
is always being quoted by your
newspaper, and it is obvious to
me that he is just unbalanced.
Why don't you stop printing things
about people whose unbalanced
minid just makes them a prey to
the jokes of more serious normal
people? This David Kessel prob-
ably doesn't mind, because he
probably doesn't know that he has
said anything wrong. It is up to
you people to protect those mem-
bers of the University Community
who might sometimes say things
that can be turned against them.
I referred above to the fact that
there are important things going
on at this great University. As we
all know there are amazing things
being done every day in labora-
tories all over this great campus,
and I know of a very serious nor-
mal student who is writing an epic
poem. Why don't you write stories
about things like that which are
a great boon to humanity and
will make life better for all of us
some day? I have never written a
letter to yours or any other news-
paper, but it seems to me that you
ought to do something about
bringing these important matters
to the public's attention, and stop
printing things about people who
are just Your friends and who
never did anything for the ad-
vancement of mankind.
-Maryellen iggins, 58
To the Editor:
I WOULD LIKE to take issue with
the statement of the Young Re-
publicans (in their letter of May
23) that "The Democratic Party
is an ineffectual organization for
May I graciously submit the
reason why the Democrats have
been unable to ,halt segregation
Unfortunately, it is true that big-
oted Congressmen from the South
comprise one-third of the party's
The Young Republicans failed
to point out, however, that the
other two-thirds of the Democrats
in Congress could long ago have
passed civil rights legislation had
it not been for (what Newsweek
of May 7 called) the "Southern
Democratic-GOP coalition" which
has ruled Congress by means of a
"Gentleman's agreement . . . in
force for a generation."
May I also remind the Repub-
licans that Governor Williams and
the late Senator Blair Moody led
the ,1ght against the seating of
Southern delegates at the 1952
Democratic ponvention; that Gov-
ernor Williams refused to address
a party gathering in Alabama
when he learned that Negroes
would not be allowed to attend the
meeting; that Senator McNa-
mara condemned the Southern
Manifesto as "infamous" in a
speech on the Senate floor; that
it took Governor Williams seven
years to force an FEPC law
through the Republican controlled
Michigan legislature; and' that
Democratic Senators Morse and
Lehman led the fight against the
seating of James Eastland as Ju-
diciary Committee Chairman.
In the area of civil rights, as in
other matters, the Democratic
Party has led the fight for the
rights of the American people.
TheRepublican Party has been
contented with supporting the
-Joseph Sanger, '59
To the Editor:
THE CURRENT press is' filled
with reports about over pro-
duction in the automobile indus-
try coupled with growing unem-
ployment in this industry. r
.A similar serious problem exists
in agriculture. The federal govern-
ment has attempted to solve the
problem in agriculture by a system
of subsidies to farmers to support
farm commodity prices and by a
soil bank plan.
We propose that the federal gov-1
ernment est blish a similar pro-
gram to solve the present problem
in the automotive industry. This
plan would consist of direct pur-
chase of surplus automobile pro-
duction, loans to the automobile
manufacturers with surplus auto-
mobile production as collateral, or
a productive canacity bank where-
(Continued from Page 3)
Doctoral Examination for John Joseph
Zimmerman. History; thesis: "Benjamin
Franklin: A Study of Pennsylvania Poli-
tics and the Colonial Agency, 1755 -
1775, Sat., May 26, 309 Haven Hall, at
10:00 a.m. Chairman, V. W. Crane.
Doctoral Examination for Sohan La
Sharma, Psychology; thesis: "The
Genesis of the Authoritarian Personal-
ity", Mon., May 28, 5607 Haven Hall, at
11:00 a.m. Chairman. R. L. Cutler.
Fourth Laboratory Playbill will be pre-
sented.by the Department of Speech
tonight at 8 p.m. in the Barbour Gym-
nasium. Allan Knee's "Joe'& Rainbow,"
E. Paul Rebillot's "The White an
Silver Bird" and Granville-Barker'
"Rococo." Open to the public with no
McFarland Tree Service, Ann Arbor,
wants men who have had tree trimming
The Flo-Ball Pen Corp. Holland,
Mich., has a summer saes job.
Tuberculosis & Health Society, De-
troit, Mich., wants 12 people to work
from July 9 to August 17.
The last meeting of the Sumer
PlacementsService will be Tuesday, May
29. After Tues. come to the Bureau of
Appointments, 3 52 8 Administration
For further information on the above,
contact the Bureau of Appointments,
3528 Administration Bldg., Ext. 371,
The following schools have listed va-
cancies on their teaching staffs for the
1956 - 1957 school year. They Will not
send representatives to the Bureau of
Appointments to interview teachers a
Arlington Heights, Illinois - Teacher
Needs: Elementary( 1st 3rd, 4th, 5th),
Junior High Science/Math.
Cleveland, Ohio - Teacher Needs:
Elementary; Math; Science; Industrial
Arts; Home Economics. The Ceveland
Board of Education waived the National
Teacher Examination requirement at its
last meeting. This test is not required
for either elementary or secondary
candidates this year.
Clifton Springs, New York - Teacher
Needs: Girls' Physical Ed; Boys' Physical
Ed; Business; Junior High Math; Sen-
Crescent City, California - ieacher
Needs: Kindergarten; Boys' Physical
Ed; vocal Music: 7th and 8th Orad;
Livonia, Michigan (Clarenceville Pub-
lic Schools) - Teacher Needs: Elemen-
tary (1st to 6th); Junior/Senior High
Math/Gen. Science; Math; Visiting
Teacher; Mentally Handicapped..
Plainwell, Michigan - Teacer Needs:
Toledo, Ohio (Oregon Local School
District) - Teacher Needs: Elementary
(1st, 2nd, 3rd/4th); High School Social
Studies/Asst. Football Coach; English/
Dramatics, 7th/8th grade English/Social
Westfield, New Jersey - Teacher
Needs; Junior High Librarian; English;
Senior High Biology/Chemistry; Latin/
Girls' Physical Ed; Social Studies (man
White Pigeon, Michigan - Teacher
Needs; Science (Physics/Chemistry);
Asst. Football Coach/Track.
Allen Park, Michigan-Teacher Needs:
Metal Shop. Wood Shop; English.
Battle Creek, Michigan (Lakeview
School District) - Teacher Needs: Eng-
Brownmoor School Phoenix, Arizona
- Teacher Needs: Physical Education;
Mathematics; 7th and 8th grade English
/Mathematics/Social Studies. Mst be
a returned veteran or must have com.
pleted successfully his R.O.T.C.
Byron, Michigan - Teacher Needs:
Early Elementary; High School Com
Holly, Michigan - Teacher Ne e d s :
Girls' Physical Education; Elementary
Imlay City, Michigan-Teacher Needs:
English; Commercial (with shorthand)"
Assistant Coach with Social Studies or
South San Francisco, Caifornia -
Teacher Needs: Basic English (s low
learners); Social Studies/Business; Com-
mercial; Science; Girl's Physical Edu-
cation and Home Economics.
Flint, Michigan - (Utley Schools) --
Teacher Needs: Homemaking; Social
Studies; Spanish/English; Math/Sci-
White Plains, New York -- Teacher'
Needs: All Fields, Elementary; Junior
High School and Senior High School.
Also, Attendance Teacher; School Phy.
chologist; Business Administrative As-
For additional information contact
the Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Ad-
ministration Building, Normandy 3-
1511, Ext. 489.
The following schools will be at th.
Bureau of Appointments to interview'
candidates for teacher positions for the
1956-57 school year.
-TUESDAY, MAY 29
St. Clair Shores Michigan - Teacher
Needs: Kindergarten through fifth
grade, Physical Education Consultant
Skokie, Illinois - Teacher Needs:
High School Science, Industrial Arts,
IEnglish, French, Spanish, Counseling,/
Guidance, andhSocial Studies.
For additional information contact
the Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Ad-
ministration Building, NOrmandy 3-
1511, Ext. 489.
Ebasco International Corp, New York,
N. Y., offers a training program to
Electrical and Mechanical Engrs., with
2 or more years experience. The plants
are located in New York and in 11
Latin Ameriban countries.
New England Deaconess Hospital,
Boston, Mass., is beginning an on-the-
job training program in the Clinical
Pathology Dept. for girls designed to
give a foundation for the Clinical Chem.
or Hematology Dept. The position does
not require a Chem. or Biology back-
ground, but it would be helpful.
Barrett Div., Allied Chem. & Dye
Corp., plants at Toledo, Ohio and whip.
pany, N. J., has openings for an Elect.
WITH THE large enrollment increase of
1600 students expected next year, the
University is going to be faced with the problem
of housing this greater influx of students.
True, the new addition on Couzen's dormitory
will alleviate a small part of this heavier load
for undergraduates, but what of the problem of
housing the increase in foreign students?
The graduate students from other countries
must live in rooms and apartments, and will be
vying with the American students for the
limited number of available apartments in Ann
AST YEAR, the House Director of the Inter-
national Center had difficulty finding
enough rooms for the foreign students, having
to place many of them in cots and temporary
living quarters until more rooms could be
What will happen next year, when an in-
crease of BOTH foreign and American students
American students, naturally are able to
make earlier housing arrangements than the
foreigner who often times doesn't know if and
when he is returning to the University. In
addition, many of them cannot afford the com-
peting rents charged by Ann Arbdr landladies,
and in order to escape inflationary rents and
discrimination, must often resort to living in
lower grade type of housing.
MUST THEY expect annually to be placed in
cots and temporary living quarters until
ANY apartments and rooms can be located?
What is the solution? The University can't
coerce landladies into accepting foreign stu-
dents, nor can the University very easily de-
crease the number of students attending this
They can, however, institute more housing
facilities in the form of University apartments
where both American and foreign students can
live at a fair rent.
WHETHER this "oversimplified" solution is
acceptable or not, one thing must be ac-
cepted-the fact that this problem needs a
Detective Book Reviews
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Russian Military Politicking
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
THE RUSSIANS, who used to be considered
so backward, must feel pretty good in these
days when every little thing they do sends the,
Western world into a tizzy.
They are going to have an air show over
there next month, and they're inviting outside
experts to come take a look at what they've
The outside experts are flabbergasted.
WHEN THE Russians didn't have an air show
on May Day, as usual, the diplomats got
DAVE BAAD, Managing Editor
MURRY FRYMER JIM DYGERT
out their crystal balls and guessed it was a part
of the kremlin effort to de-emphasize military
power in connection with its smile offensive.
It may have been merely that they skipped
it in favor of the forthcoming bigger show.
From time immemorial nations have staged
military displays of one sort or another in
order to impress others with the power behind
their diplomatic policies.
That's what the Russians are up to now.
THEY RECENTLY reminded Britain, by
sending an ultramodern jet airliner to Lon-
don, about how short the bomber route is
between the two countries. It would not have
been politic to send the bombers. Now they are
inviting everybody in to see for themselves.
There apparently is some fear in Washington
of what might happen, since if the invitation is
accepted the Russians undoubtedly will expect
Well, what could happen, unless the Ameri-
can experts are afraid the Russian show
will h more imressive than the onn they can
IN THE SPRING, when a young
man's fancy turns to what the
girls have been thinking about all
year, dulled reading appetites are
equally likely to be turned toward
light and non-academic literature
for a welcome change of diet.-
For the benefit of those readers
who find delight in the chase for
a paper villain through pages
stained with nothing more serious
than red ink, here is offered a list
of some recent and notable detec-
tive fiction titles.
* * *
The Men From The Boys
By Ed Lacy (Harper)
MARTY BOND is a beat-up and
cynical a house dick as you'll
find anywhere, but after you fin-
ish the last chapter of Ed Lacy's
latest tale you'll disregard the
harsh, one-syllable terms that can
be truthfully applied to Marty,
and confirm your judgement that
he's really a good guy, and as
devoted, a father as the next man.
For when his stepson runs into
trouble investigating for the police,
TXrl.v -lln thr, hrnwc a11 .h
By George Simenon (Doubleday)
T HIS NEW "Simenon" is of the
"psychological" type with
which the authorhas earned him-
self a new reputation, after having
already secured a firm hold on a
spot in Detection's Hall of Fame
with his celebrated Inspector Maig-
The scene of "The Fugitive" is
laid in France and in the Far
West of the United States. Its
protagonist is a young Lithuanian
student whose crisis in life is de-
tailed by master crisis-detailer
Simenon in his distinctly percep-
tive and unique style.
It is an entertaining and puzzl-
ing, if' not masterful, job which
just happens not to be up to par
with some of the author's current
efforts (and there are usually
three or four of these per year to
pass judgement on). "Destina-
tions," for example, published in
'55 was a notably better book. But
all things considered, this talented
and profilic writer still has a
pretty high batting average.
seems far superior. Aside from the
story itself, the book gives as a
sort of bonus in the form of a
striking travelogue of the newly
created state of Pakistan, the
locale which serves as background
for the rather standard Stanley-
The story is told with charm
and is rich in observations on the
Indian scene. Several characters
are nicely realized, too. Because
it's such a polished job, this one
does reecive an emphatic nod of
The Black and the Red
By Elliot Paul (Random House)
THE BLOOD that flows In the
Elliot Paul mysteries is always
pretty rich stuff. The rare and
ornamented Paul prose makes of
the Homer Evans stories absolute-
ly unique examples of fictional
detection-whodunits which must
claim a category all to themselves.
This one, for example, is a num-
ber which handles a cast of zany
characters in and around Las
Vegas. and has something or other