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UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3 241
t In The Corridors, Dammitl"
"When Opinions Are Pre%
Truth Wi Preva&U
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in' all reprints.
THURSDAY, MAY 24, 1956
NIGHT EDITOR: BILL HANEY
Economics of Automation:
Beneficial to the Working-Man
AUTOMATION, like many sweeping changes
in a civilization, does not, at first, appear to
be fully compatible with all public interests.
Several of the suppressed fears of the popula-
tion regarding the merits of automation came
to the surface in a Dissent Forum last week
featuring Frank Marquart, educational direc-
tor of UAW Local 212 in Detroit.
The discussion, as reported in The Daily,
restated the fears held by most labor unions:
spreading unemployment, for which "big busi-
ness" is responsible.
IN A SENSE, Marquart is right. Businesses
have turned to automation, not only to cut
labor costs, but also to increase production. As
machines and controls are found to do a job
faster and more cheaply than a corresponding
worker or group of workers, these people will be
released from their jobs.
However, Marquart and the unions have
overlooked several important points. When au-
tomation does cause the layoff of a worker, his-
tory since the Industrial Revolution has shown
that this worker will be re-absorbed into the
general labor force.
It takes little more faith in modern technol-
ogy than the "flip-switch: light-shines" variety
to realize that advances in industry multiply
like rabbits. New fields in industry are always
being created, some of which we have had only
AUToMATON, in ascomplete a form as is
humanly possible, i inevitable, Few scien-
tific or industrial innovations have ever been,
completely suppressed for any length of time,
and it seems unlikely that even the combined
strength of the labor unions could suppress the
advances of automation.
According to Marquart, "the capacity to pro-
duce ,will outstrip the capacity to consume."
This will probably be true for a time, but it
seems probable that the equilibrium of an
economy tipped in this direction would right
itself in the long run. The basic economic law
of supply and demand should provide the stab-
The major long-range advantage of develop-
ments such as automation are the increases
in purchasing power they would provide. If the
saving in labor costs in the production of an
article can be reflected in the price of the
article, purchasing power should be elevated.
THE IMPLICATIONS are fascinating: As out-
put and purchasing power increase and
man-hours per article decrease, assuming the
continuing existence of long-range laws of
equilibrium; and the CIO-AFL, a worker can
retain his purchasing power for less work.
The working man can only profit, if the
unions can see through the difficulties to the
Bureau of Appointments
Does and Gets Good Job
THE BUREAU of Appointments is to be
comended for rendering fine service to
Each year, the Bureau provides access .to
summer employment for hundreds of students.
Students who register for summer employment
with the Bureau are provided with opportuni-
ties in three major areas: camping,fresort,
business and industry.
,So far this semester, approximately 1,500
University students have received summer jobs
through the, Bureau of Appointments. About
200 students attend weekly summer employ-
ment meetings in the Union, obtaining job
information arid interviews. The end result.
is usually a good job.,
I Its %
Concert n Diag
IN SPITE of crying babies, several low-flying airplanes, barking dogs
that stole drum sticks, wandering children, P. A. systems which
broke down, and cold weather, the University of Michigan Bands gave
a fairly good concert last night on the Diagonal,
The bands sounded best in
for band rather than the orches-
tral transcriptions they attempted.
THE "Beguine for Band" by
Glen Osser was the best sounding
number of the evening. This num-
ber makes full use of the color-
istic possibilities of the band in-
strumentation by calling for full
penetrating brass, smooth lyric
wood-wind passages, and sharply
defined rhythms. Particularly fine
were the solo oboe passages played
by Patricia Stenberg.
In the two closing numbers of
the concert, the >"Stars and
Stripes" by Sousa and the "Michi-
gan March" by Goldman the band
was obviously "at home." Here
the band exhibited the precise
playing that has made it famous.
band exhibited the precise playing
that has made it famous.
ALTHOUGH George Cavender
should be commended for. his ef-
forts in the transcriptions which
were on the program, the band
was not able to meet the demands
peculiar to orchestral music. This
does not indicate any defect in the
band. There are very few orches-
tral transcriptions that are suc-
cessful when played by any band.
However, it does point out the
lack of good band music. It is
truly a shame that more com-
posers have not turned to the
The cornet trio consisting of
Emerson Head, Carmen Spadero,
and Richard Longfield gave an-
other of its fine performances al-
though the cold air noticeably a -
fected their playing.
The band did not play with as
much precision as it has in pre-
vious hearings but this can prob-
ably be attributed to the many
distractions which were enumer-
ated above. These helped to point
out the need for a good music
shell on this campus. Certainly
when the School of Music is mov-
ed to North Campus adequate pro-
vision should be made for this type
those numbers written specifically
05'5 "M& 4&%Ai4-"w ?FSr toe
Three People of Influence
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
DR. SUKARNO, th(
last week, came at a t
tiori, and even somei
that we have been Nw
In fact, the invitation
to mark a new appro
the newly independent
Yet it must be said
what Dr. Sukarno said
was implied'in what
experience. For thougl
the Indonesian repub
zeal and fervor as an
which is rising agains
fluence all the way a
We are, it was quite
in the first phase of tl
tides of history are co
errors in our policy
which were the conseq
Before 1950, we did n
nations ought to joirn
which we are the leade
joining our alliances
unfriendly to Americar
liances was the passpi
In the Marshall Pl
before the Korean wa
ahead of military aid.
liance had not yet b
Marshall Plan went
Korean war that com
selves in Western Eur
tarization of our foreig
We are now engage
Congress to agree to
DR. SUKARNO made
sary is the demilit
DEBRA DURCHSLAG ....
PHIL DOUGLIS . .....
JACK HORWITZ ......
MARY HELLTHALER ....
ELAINE EDMONDS ......
Sukarno and Revolution
By WALTER LIPPMANN
e President of the Indo- with newly independent countries like Indo-
who, was in Washington nesia. But there was a lot more to his address-
ime when the administra- than that, and all of it dispelled any notion
members of Congress, are that with a few changes of emphasis in our
n policy in Asia. We know foreign aid policy, all will be well.
Norking up a blind alley. In the welcoming addresses' and in his re-
to Dr. Sukarno was meant sponses much was said about George Washing-
)ach to the neutralism of ton and Thomas Jefferson. But the analogy
t nation. cannot be carried very far. For the revolution
that to listen carefully to of which Dr. Sukarno is so brilliint a leader and
i to Congress, and to what spokesman has a depth and scope and energy
he said, was a sobering which are without precedent.
h he had come as head of The revolution is not only anti-colonial in
lic, he spoke with a great the sense that it is a rebellion against foreign
apostle of the revolution rulers. Dr. Sukarno went beyond that to raise
t Western power and in- the question-not explicitly but by intimation-.
cross Asia and Africa. whether the revolutionary movement means to
evident a he spoke, only stop short of the expulsion of all Western power
he re-appraisal which the and influence from Africa, South Asia and the
mpelling us to make. South Pacific. What gives this revolution its
fierce and enormous energy is the determina-
LY, what is going on in tion at long last to undo the human conse-
ay is an effort to correct quences of three centuries of the white man's
which are quite recent, domination, and at the same time overcome the
uences of the Korean war. economic and technological backwardness of
ot take the view )that all the former colonial lands.
a a military coalition of Dr. Sukarno made it quite plain that if this
ers, that neutralism or not four dimensional revolution can be carried out
was morally wrong and by demociatic means he would prefer it, but
n vital interests, that with that the revolution will have to be carried out,
joining our military 'al- if necessary by totalitarian means.
ort to economic aid.
an, which was launched THE REVOLUTION which Dr. Sukarno was
r, economic aid was given proclaiming is running from Morocco to
. The NATO military al- Tunis through the Middle East, to Aden, to
een conceived when the Ceylon, to Singapore, to Indonesia, probably to
into effect. It was the Formosa and Japan. The Western nations,
ipelled us to rearm our- among whom we belong, are on the defensive
ope and led to the mili- throughout his vast area, and all the key posi-
n policy in Asia. tions remaining to them are under attack.
ed in trying to persuade - One has the feeling that the Western nations
some demilitarization of are fighting rear guard actions, the French in
North Africa, the British in the Middle East, we
in Formosa and beyond.
it quite plain how neces- We must begin to ask ourselves questions to
arization of our relations which we cannot expect to find quick and cer-
tain answers. A new relationship between the
emancipated East and the democratic West
will have to be found. Where shall we look for
* the end of the thread by which we can find our
way through the labyrinth?
rial Staff IN 1951 the answer to that question was plainer
Managing Edito$ than it is today. We should have looked to
JIM DYGERT India to be the mediator. Is it now too late for
City Editor this? Is the damage done by our crudely mili-
..............Magazine Editor taristic policies irreparable in the sense that op-
............. Associate Editor portunities which once existed are now fore-
............ Associate Editor closed?
. . Sports Editor Let is hope that nothing is irreparable.
..... Associate Sports Editor (1956, New York Herald Tribune Syndicate, Inc.)
«.. Associate Women's Editorsi
... ChefPhoogap Newv Books at the Library
ess Staff Arkell, Reginald-The Miracle of Merriford;
....... Business Manager , ,_ _ " r
PAN AMERICAN Airways, which
knows how to use people with
influence almost as well as it
knows how to fly airplanes, has re-
cently hired three interesting peo-
ple. They are:
1. The nephew of President
Eisenhower, Milton Eisenhower, Jr.
2. Robert Murray, former Un-
dersecretary of Commerce and the
man who helped get the White
House to reserve, temporarily, a
civil aeronautics ruling for North-
west Airlines and against Pan
3. Roger Lewis, former Assistant
Secretary of the Air. Force, who
held a key position in the Eisen-
hower Administration when im-
portant contracts were given to
Pan Am on guided missiles and
overhauling air force motors.
The interesting thing to watch
is whether these new and influen-
tial persons. will cause the White
House and the CAB now to side
with Pan American when it comes
to awarding the great circle route
via Alaska to Japan.
* * *
NORTHWEST AIRLINES orig-
inally was given this route at a
time when Pan American could
have got it but didn't apply. In-
stead it took what looked like the
more lucrative route across the
Pacific via Honolulu.
But as transocean planes im-
proved, the great circle route has
become the most efficient to Jap-
an; so Pan American has had
astute, charming Vice President
Sam Pryon camping out in Wash-
ington trying to get Pan Am the
right to fly this route.
Just a year ago, the CAB award-
ed the route to Northwest Air-
lines for seven years. Whereupon,
Secretary of Commerce Sinclair
Weeks, who, like Pryor, has served
on the Finance Committee of the
Republican National Committee,
persuaded the White House to re-
verse the CAB decision. He also
got reversed a CAB decision to let
Northwest continue its route from
Seattle to Honolulu. Undersecre-
By DREW PEARSON
tary of Commerce Murray helped
Weeks in persuading the White
S * *
HOWEVER, THIS caused such
a furor that President Eisenhower
stepped in personally and reversed
his own White House advisers.
Since last year's failure, Pan Am
has hired Ike's own, nephew, plus
the Assistant Secretary of the Air
Force, plus Undersecretary of
Commerce Murray, the man who
intervened at the White House so
effectively in favor of Pan Amer-
ican a year ago.
Pan Am has now applied to the
CAB for the right to fly the great
circle route over the back of North-
west. The hearings are in progress
and it will be interesting to see
THE DAUGHTERS of the Amer-
ican Revolution are in a dither
over Elizabeth Bentley, confesser
espionage courier, who now has
applied for membership in the
Her application for membership,
which was received in Washington,
was transmitted as a matter of
routine to Louisiana, where Miss
Bentley is teaching near Opelousas.
But she ran into opposition from
the DAR's Louisiana state regency.
Some of the ladies felt that the
fact that she had acted as a cour-
ier for passing war secrets from
the U.S. government to her lover,
Russian spy Jacob Golos, did not
qualify her as a Daughter of the
American Revolution, even though
she had now repented and testified
to expose. others,
So her application was returned
by the Louisiana regent, Mrs. Wil-
liam E. Hicks, of Shreveport, un-
approved. DAR headquarters in
Washington are now wondering
just what they should do.
* * *
man John Taber of New York has
carried money-saving to the point
where it has boomeranged against
his own political future. He pried
so diligently, and at time so un-
fairly, into Sampson air base in his
own district near Geneva, N.Y.,
that the Air Force got fed up and
ordered the base closed down.
Now Taber is frantically trying
to keep the base open or move
Mitchel Field from Long Island to
his district to take Sampson's
place-neither of which will be too
Taber, who at76 is the oldest
member of the Appropriations
Committee and sometimes its
chairman, has cut down on funds
for the Voice of America at the
same time that both President
Eisenhower and President Tru-
man were urging more means of
combating Russian propaganda.
He cut down on the Food and
Drug Administration after that
agency had incurred the wrath of
a Taber constituent whose rasp-
berries were too carefully inspected
by Food and Drug.
AND HE ACTED as if Sampson
Base was his own personal domain.
For years he fussed and fumed
at Air Force officers, accusing
them . of everything from waste
to outright graft. Taber has had
Francis Mentillo, salary $4,707,
(who is supposed to be working
for the House Appropriations Com-
mittee but is seldom seen near the
Capitol) constantly prying into the
Again when Congress appropri-
ated $5,000,000 for emergency gov-
ernfient housing at Sampson Base,
Taber got the contracts cancelled
on the ground that the bids were
Finally, Taber demanded the
firing of three civilians and three
majors, though investigation had
failed to prove any of the charges
against them. One man, Albert L.
Hitchman, who got so irked at
Taber that he blew his top, did
get fired-even though four days
earlier he had received a com-
mendation from C o m m a n d i n g
General Whitecliff E. Steele.
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Letters to the Editor must be signed
and limited to 300 words. The Daily
reserves the right to 'edit or with-
Shold any letter.
Liver, Not Lemon..
To the Editor:
IT APPEARS that the Daily has
plucked a lemon from its pot-
pourri of assorted facts when a
fish liver would have served more
accurately. The "budding young
Adonises" on the front page of
Wednesday's paper may take their
vitamin C all right (by way of
citrus fruits, Tom Collins, Daquiris,
etc.), but at the time the photo-
graph was taken it would seem
that they were engaged in acquir-
ing vitamin D (which may be ob-
tained in the winter months by
way of fish liver oil or trips to
Bermuda). A possible loophole may
be that the Daily only wished to
imply that this was not a scurvy
-Prof. William Lands
Excellent Example . .
To the Editor:
THE RECENT tragedy in which
five persons lost their lives is
an excellent example of the claim
that the safety of the American
automobiles is increased by the
addition of horsepower.
-George E. Hart, Grad.
THE Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN from to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be in by
2 p.m. Friday.
THURSDAY, MAY 24, 1956
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 79
All Departmental Offices, plant facil-
ties and service units will be closed on
Memorial Day, May 30, 1956. Residence
halls and the University Hospital Winl
operate on a holiday schedule.
Correction-Parking Lot No. 10 on
Forest Avenue will remain open fo
parking until the week of June 4.
Meeting of the Senior Class Presidents
in Rqom 302, West Engineering Build-
ing, Thurs., May 24, at 4:00 p.m. to.
discuss the schedule and plans for
Late Permission: All women students
who attended the play "Member of The
Wedding" on Mon., May 21 and Tues.,
May 22, had late permission until J1:3
Late Permission: All women students
who attended the University Symphony
Concert on Tues., May 22, had late pe.
mission until 11:10 p.m.
Public Lay 550 Veterans: One set of
instructors' signatures showing regular
class attendance for month of May must
be obtained and turned in to Dean's
office on or before June 4. A second
set of signatures certifying to attend-,
ane at final examination (or comple-
timn of course work where no final
examination is required) must be turn-
ed in to Dean's office after last exami-
nation. Monthly Certification, VA Form
VB 7-1996a, may be signed In Office
of veteran's Affairs between June 1-6,
8:30 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.
Commencement Exercises, June 16, '56
To be held at 5:30 p.m. either in the
Stadium or Yost Field House, depend-
Ing on the weather. Exercises will ori-
elude about 7:30 p.m.
Those eligible to participate: Grad-
uates of Summer Session of 195 and of
February and June, 1956. Graduates of
the Summer Session of 1956 and of
Februry 1947 are not supposed to par-
ticipate; however, no check is made of
those taking part in the ceremony but
no tickets are available for those in
Tickets: For Yost Field House: Two
to each prospective graduate, to be
distributed from Tuesday, June 6, to
12:00 noon on Saturday, June 16, at
Cashier's Office, first floor of, Adminis-
tration Building; For Stadium: No tick-
ets necessary. Children are not admitted
unless accompanied by adults.
Academic Costume: Can be rented
at Moe Sport Shop, North University
Avenue, Ann Arbor.
Assembly for Graduates: At 4:30,p.m.
In area east of Stadium. Marshals Will
direct graduates to proper stations.If
siren indicates (at intervals from 4:00
to 4:15 p.m.) that exercises are to be
held in Yost Field House, graduates
should go directly there and be seated
Spectators: Stadium: Enter by Main
Street gates only. All should be seated
by 5.00 p.m., when procession enters
field. Yost Field House: Only those
holding tickets can be admitted owing
to lack of space.Enter on State Street,
opposite McKinley Avenue.
Alumni Reunions: Headquarters at
Alumni Memorial Hal. Registration on
June 14, 15 and 16.
Alumni Luncheon: Saturday, June
18 12:00 noon, in Waterman Gymna-
ium. Admission of Alumni by badge.
Relatives and friends by tickets pro-
vided at Alumni headquarters.
Graduation Announcements, Invita-
tions, etc.: Inquire at Office of Student
Commencement Programs: To be dis
tributed at Stadium or Yost Field
Housing: Alumni should apply at
Registration Desk, Alumni Memorial
Hal; all others at Residence Hall:
Office in the Administration Building.
Doctoral and Professional Degree Can-
didates who attend the commencement
exercises are entitled to receive a Ph.D
or professional degree hood. Thse re-
ceiving a Ph.D. hood during the cere-
mony may, exchange it for the appro-
priate degree hood under the Rest
Stand immediately after the ceremony,
or at the office of the Diploma Clerk,
Distribution of Diplomas: If the ex.
ercises are held in the Stadium, diplo-
mas for all graduates, excepting the
School of Dentistry, will be distributed
'from designate dstations under the east
stands of the Stadium, immediately al-
ter the exercises. The diploma distri
bution stations are on the level above
the tunnel entrance.
If, however, the exercises are held in
the Yost Field House, all diplomas ex-
cepting those of the School of Dentistry
will be distributed from the windows
of 'the Cashier's Office and, the Regis-
trar's Office in the lobby of the Ad-
ministration Building. Following "the
ceremony diplomas may be called for
until 9:00 p.m.
Herbert G. Watkins, Secretary.
Student Accounts: Your attention is
called to the following rules passed by
the Regents at their meeting on Feb.
28, 1936: "Students shall pay all ac-
counts due the University not later than
REGULATION OR EDUCATION:
Speed Laws Do Not Insure Driving Safety
By DAVID KESSEL
THE OCCURENCE of an auto-
mobile collision recently which
took the lives of three University
students has again emphasized the
fact that present traffic laws are
certainly not sufficient and, in
some instances, not necessary for
A few months ago, a controversy
> arose concerning the relative mer-
it of a proposed speed limit for
In spite of the efforts of a few
people who were aware of the
scope of the problem, such as J. C.
McMonagle, planning and research
director of the state highway de-
partment, this speed law was even-
tually passed by an eager legisla-
ture. ouiek to lean at a nnnortu-
speed of 59 mph until a speed lim-
it of 65 mph was established. It.
was then observed that 84% of
drivers increased their speeds to
However, State police commis-
sioner Joseph Childs claimed, in
October, that a speed limit ,would
reduce traffic deaths by 15%.
He also said: "A fixed speed lim-
it, either at day o' during the
night, lets the driver know exactly
how fast he can drive his car le-
gally. It's a guide to him and for
the state trooper who must make
the arrest. There will be no guess-
ing, as there is now under the
State's basic speed law."
THE BASIC speed law, then in
effect, stated that driving must be
at a "safea nd nroner" seadn ex-
courage many to drive at the limit,
regardless of conditions. This had
been observed in Indiana, and, to
the surprise of almost everyone,
evidently, a similar increase of the
average driving speed has been ob-
served in Michigan since the speed
limit has been in effect.
* * *
DRIVING too fast for existing
conditions is, of course, one of the
main causes of traffic accidents;
but this is not the same as driving
faster than some arbitrarily fixed
The reasonable answer to the
traffic situation is a comprehensive
driving test to replace the inade-
quate tests we have now, followed
up by yearly re-examinations to
test drivers' reflexes and vision,
TmnAo his' +ie + ,LisaiiirA
Instead, there is proposed a plan
of wholesale license suspensions
now being proposed.
Some features of this plan, ad-
mittedly, are encouraging. Physic-
ally or mentally unfit drivers will
be re-examined. Drunk drivers
will lose their licenses for 90 days
on conviction. But the old inflex-
ible speed limit will still be used
as the basis for this promise by
Childs for more arrests and more
* , *
AN INTERESTING article on
automobile seat belts in the May
Consumer's Union magazine, points
out that most accident deaths oc-
cus at velocities below 40 mph.
Thus, it might seem, it is people
who drive 40 when they should
dri°P2 90 mh n a la the m ainrit