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May 22, 1956 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1956-05-22

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Latest Deadline in the State

WARMER, PARTLY CLOUDY

VOL. LXVI, No. 161 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MAY 22, 1956

SIX PAGES

Farm Bill 1
Agreement
Seen Soon
Twelve Conferees
Appointed, Expect
To Begin Work Soon
WASHINGTON ()Represent-
motive W. R. Poage (D-Tex) pre-
dicted yesterday House and Sen-
ate conferees will reach quick
agreement on a new farm bill to
replace the one vetoed by Presi-
Mdent Dwight D. Eisenhower last
+ month.
The 12 conferees-7 from the
House-were appointed yesterday
and they arranged for an imme-
diate work session.
There appeared to be increasing
confidence on C'apitol Hill that a
satisfactory compromise can /be
worked out on the two different
versions of the farm bill passed
by the House May 3 and the Sen-
ate last Friday night.
Cut Rate Prices
J ~Poage and, some other members
of the House don't like a Senate
provision for the sale of 100 mil-
lion bushels of surplus wheat an-
nually for livestock feed at cut-
rate prices.
An agreement will have to be
hammered out on this policy, as
well as on the method of support-
r gg feed grains this year and next.
The House would like also to see
a specific provision in the legisla-
on for starting the $1,200,000,000
koil bank program this year. Its
bill provides for 1956 payments,
but the Senate version, in effect,
says the secretary of agriculture
may start operations this year only
Io the extent he deems practical.
Eisenhower Veto
President Eisenhower vetoed the
first farm bill April 16 principally
because of its return to high, rigid
price supports for basic crops. This
feature and many others objec-
tIonable to the administration have
been removed from the new legis-
.Y lotion:
Any agreement reached by the
conference committee will have to
be approved by the Senate and
House. Swift action by both
branches could get a bill on the
President's desk before the end of
the week.
Closed IFC-
meet Covers
Big Money'
An Interfraternity C oun c il
Alumni-Undergraduate committee
held a closed meeting last night
to discuss fraternity housing.
A representative of The Daily
was not permitted to attend.
Ed Gage, an alumni advisor,
said the groups did not wish ex-
cerpts or quotations from the dis-
cussion released for circulation to
the student body, "because we are
talking in terms of big money."
He explained that the ideas be-
ing discussed "some good and some
bad" were of a vague and un-con-
crete nature and did not in any
way reflect future opinions of the
committee.
"We are just business men try-
' ing to help our fraternities," Gage
said, "if we were full time em-
ployees of the fraternities our ideas
would probably be concrete and
would indicate opinions of the

fraternities themselves."
"As it stands now, he added, "it
would not do us any good to have
outsiders represented at our meet-
ings."
The Alumni group, in conjunc-
tion with an undergraduate com-
mittee of the IFC, plans to pre-.
sent written proposals concerning
the suggested North Campus fra-
ternity row to University Vice-
president Wilbur K. Pierpont by
October 15.
At the meeting last night, re-
search data concerning fraternity
row was presented by the commit-
tee that has been studying the
problem for several months.
Vice-president in chargeof Stu-
dent Affairs James A. Lewis at-
tended to reflect the views of the
administration.
Hawley, Rice
To Speak

Lecture Series
Speakers Named
Bunche, Bennett, Atlee, Grenfell
To Be Included Among Lecturers

The University Oratorical As-
sociation has announced its 1956-
57 Lecture Course, which includes
Constance Bennett, stage star of
"Sabrina Fair," and Clement Att-
lee, former Prime Minister of
Great Britain.
Dr. Ralph J. ~Bunche Under-
secretary of the United Nations,
will open the series in Hill Audi-
torium on October 10. The topic
of his speech will be, "What is
Happening in the Middle East?"
"The Best of Steinbeck," a plat-
form theater presentation, will be
given on October 24. This includes
excerpts from "The Grapes of
Wrath" and "Of Mice and Men."
Constance Bennett
Starred in this will be Miss
Bennett, along with Tod Andrews,
of "Mr. Roberts" fame; Frank
McHugh, who appeared in "Detec-
tive Story"; and Robert Strauss,
who performed in "The Seven
Year Itch" and "The Bridges at
Toko-R."
As part of a limited tour, these
stars will appear in Ann Arbor
only once..
Third in the series will be a
new dramatic number by the Brit-
ish comdienne Joyce Grenfell on
November 1.
Joyce Grenfell
Miss renfell had her own one-
woman show on Broadway last
season, has appeared in over a
dozen films, and on Ed Sullivan's
"Toast of the Town."
On November 13, Ivy Baker
Priest, Treasurer of the United
States, will come to Hill Audi-
TB, Lung Ills,
New Germs,
Being Studied
NEW YORK (--Strange kinds
of germs causing persistent lung
infections are showing "alarming
increases," a Wisconsin research-
er reported yesterday.
Some cause illness resembling
turberculosis, but they are not TB
germs. These germs are possibly
of a new kind, or else are simply
being recognized more accurately
now.
They are found in persons hos-
ptialized as having TB, or some-
times other lung illnesses.
An upswing in incidence of these
new infections was reported at the
opening of the National Tuber-
culosis Assn.'s 52nd annual meet-
ing by Dr. Marie L. Koch of the
Veterans Administration Hospital,
Wood, Wis.
In a 15-month period laboratory
studies detected 156 cases of these
infetions among TB patients, and
142 among persons hospitalized for
nontubercular illness, she said.
Among TB patients, 125 had
persistent infections, as did 60 of
the non-TB patients, she said. The
infections were far more common
in the late fall and early winter
than other times.

torium. She will speak on "Federal
Monetary Policies."
Clement Attlee
Clement Attlee will speak on
January 7 1957. Former Prime
Minister of Great Britain, he wa~s

CLEMENT ATTLEE
* British statesman

Student Still
On Hospital,
Critical List
Police Say Fraternity
Was Drinking Friday
Thomas Bernaky, '56, lone sur-
vivor of the head-on collision
which killed three University stu-
dents Friday night, was reported
yesterday "still in critical condi-
tion" by University Hospital.
His condition, hospital offic-
ials said, remains unchanged.
I The Washtenaw County Sheriff's
Office began, questioning witnes-
ses yesterday to determine what
role illegal drinking played in the
accident, termed "the worst in-
volving students."
Police said they were particu-
larly interested in learning who
purchased the liquor.
Sheriff Erwin Klager said there
was no doubt there had been
drinking at the Phi Sigma Kappa
house before the accident.
Phi Sigma Kappa had register-
ed a 5:30 to 7 p.m. "punch" party
with the Office of Student Affairs
for Friday, the night of Interfra-
ternity Council's annual formal
dance.
Det. Lt. Melvin Fuller went to
Detroit yesterday to question Mrs.
Dorothy Anton, who followed
Ryan's car from Ann Arbor to the
scene of the accident. John Bat-
dorff, '59, a pledge who is re-
ported to have seen the accident,
was also slated for questioning.
Sheriff Klager said details of
the investigation would be re-
leased when it was completed.
'Dean of Men Walter B. Rea de-
clared his office would follow up
any drinking infractions revealed
by police authorities.
IHC Debate
To Be; Held
Control of lecturers at a uni-
versity will be debated tomorrow
night by two University professors.
The Inter-House Council is de-
voting their final Faculty Debate
of the year to a supplementing of
the activities of Academic Free-
dom Week.
The topic "Resolved: Control of
Lecturers Is a Necessity at State
Universities" will be debated in
East Quad beginning at 7:30 p.m.
by Professors Z. Clark Dickinson
of the economics department and
Preston W. Slosson, of the history
department.
WCBN, the Campus Broadcast-
ing Network, has announced it will
cover the debate from the Quad
dining room beginning at 7:30 p.m.
Prof. Dickinson, who is a mem-
ber of the University Lecture Com-
mittee, will take the affirmative
side and Prof. Slosson will debate
the negative viewpoint.
Explaining the connection with
Academic Freedom Week Buck
Bebeau, '57BAd, said, "The pre-
sent debate has hit upon a sub-
ject that has been a constant query,
which Academic Freedom Week
has helped bring to the minds of
many."
Following the debate there will
be a forum with questions from
the audience.

Seek Details,
Of Airborne
H-Bomb Test
Scientists Investigate
Explosion Effects
USS MT. McKINLEY, Off Bikini
(P) - Nuclear scientists today
began a detailed analysis of what
the first American air-dropped
H-bomb did when it exploded two
miles above a test target island
in the mid-Pacific yesterday.
The scientists sought most of
their answers in the huge amount
of data gathered by a vast array
of recording instruments set up on
Namu, the target island, on other
islands of Bikini Atoll and taken
through the huge atomic cloud by
airplanes.
A short communique, written
yesterday, reached this observer
ship as she neared Kwajalein this
morning homeward bound. It said
only:
1. "There was little construc-
tion on Namu and thus little dam-
age can be reported. Various ef-
fects on structures on nearby
islands suffered varying degrees
of damage depending on proxim-
ity to the target island."
2. Fallout of radioactivity from
the towering bomb cloud-which
unofficially was estimated to have
reached a height of about 25 miles
-drifted clear of all people ashore
or afloat. There was no increase
in radiation in the Marshall Is-
lands generally and the fallout on
Bikini Atoll "was relatively little."
Even though long analysis of
photographic blast heat and other
recordings would be needed to tell
American weaponeers the exact
effect of the first American air-
dropped hydrogen bomb, it was
possible to make some unofficial
estimates of what would have hap-
pened if a city insteadt of a de-
serted atoll had been beneath the
bomb when it detonated at an
altitude of about 10,000 feet.

Supreme Court Rules Out

Hatcher Urges Exercise,
Of Academic Freedom
Delivers Keynote Address at Luncheon
Opening Academic Freedom Week
By TAMMY MORRISON
The best way to preserve academic freedom is to go on exercising
it, according to Harlan Hatcher, president of the University.
Keynoting yesterday's Academic Freedom -Week opening lunch-
eon, Hatcher said that we need to contemplate freedom constantly,
not for just one week.
The purpose of education has always been the growth and flour-
ishing of the individual mind. "The goal in this state has been the
widest possible investigation, study and research, and full develpp-
ment of our young people," he said.
,Scope of 'U,
It now takes more than 2,000 pages, some of it in fine print, to
list the scope of the University.-
Saying that academic freedom .T,
is one area where the administra- ij. to IH o d
tion plays no part and wishes to
play none, Hatcher said that it isi
imperative to have the diversity
necessary to thinking human be-
ings. "Reasonable people are per- eek E ventsm
mitted to disagree and are expect-
ed to."

Rail 'Right To

Work' Law

CONSTANCE BENNETT
... noted actress
leader of the British Labor Party
for '20 years until his elevation to
the peerage.
On February 19, Barbara Ward
will come to the University for the
sixth in the Lecture series.
Miss Ward has articles regularly
in the New York Times Sunday
magazine section, and is the form-
er foreign-affairs editor of the
London "Ebonomist."
Barbara Ward
Besides being authorof "Faith
and Freedom" and "Policy For the
West," Miss Ward is a member of
the Council of the Royal Institute
of National Affairs and a governor
of the British Broadcasting Cor-
poration.
"Let's Take Another Look at
China," a speech by Gen. Albert
C. Wedemeyer, U. S. Army (re-
tired), concludes the series on
March 5.
Season ticket applications are
now being, received by the Ora-
torical Association. They will be
filed in the order received.
Within the next few days sea-
son-ticket patrons will receive
their special announcements. The
Hill Auditorium box office will not
open until Sept. 17, 1956.

As examples, he cited the Uni-
versity religious organizations. He
said that the University has no
canon of doctrine, but it has al-
ways been intensely sympathetic,
to the spiritual development of its
students, and consequently, it has
tried to insure that those who wish
that development can find it un-
hmpered.
Tolerance for Others
But, he added, tolerance for the
views of others must go with the
diversity of opportunity found
here.
"Freedom can be endangered
when people leave offobjectivity
and are guided by runor and
emotion," he warned.
Russia's progress in education
has been called a menace because
we fear that instead of free ex-
pression, individuals will become
mere raw material to be dominated,
and molded, Hatcher said.
Expressing confidence in faculty
and studepts, he concluded, "The
corollary of freedom is the growth
of self-discipline and responsi-
bility."

ANNIVERSARY GREETINGS:

Fifth 'U' Anniversary
Celebrated by Hatcher
By JIM ELSMAN
Anniversary greetings are in order for University President Harlan
Hatcher.
In 1951, five years ago yesterday, Hatcher left the vice-presidency;
of Ohio State University and assumed the duties of guiding the
University through half a decade of progress.
In an interview yesterday, Hatcher discussed three areas of his
relationship with the University community-expansion, student re-
" sponsibility, and the Hatcher fam-

The University is taking a prom-
inent part in projects for Michi-
gan Week this week.
The week beginning last Sunday
through- next Saturday has been
designated by Gov. G. Mennen
Williams as a special period, for
honoring the state.
One. of the week's highlights
will come on Thursday and Friday
when the Michigan Writers' Con-
ference will be held on campus.
For a small fee writers from all
over the state will have their
manuscripts criticised by a panel
of literary agents and editors.
Following the lecture by critic
Philip Rahv at 4:15 p.m. Thursday
in Rackham Lecture Hall, the Hop-
wood Awards will be announced.
Station WUOM has prepared
seven 15 minute programs on
Michigan which are available to
local stations throughout the state.
Materials on the state have been
released to schools of all levels by
the University's Audio-Visual Edu-
cation Center. Films, kinescopes
and tape recordings cover Michi-
gan history, geography, resources
and culture.
President Harlan Hatcher is
serving as chairman of Cultural
Activities Board for the Week and
E. J. Soop, Director of Extension
Servcle, is working as co-ordinator
of the various programs.
Activities are also being carried
out on the local level. Ann Arbor
service clubs held a luncheon at
the Union today at which the
mayor of Hillman was the special
guest.
Prof. Bader.
Will Present
English Prize
The annual Julie and Avery
Hopwood Contest awards in crea-
tive writing will be presented at
4:15 p.m. Thursday in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall.
Following an address by Philip
Rahv, editor of "Partisan Review,"
Arno L. Bader, professor of Eng-
lish, will award the checks to win-'
ners.
Prizes are awarded in two con-
tests in fields of fiction, poetry,
drama and essay-the major con-
test features works of seniors and
graduates, and the minor contest
is open to undergraduates. Prizes
in past years have often totaled
'more than $9,000.
'CU' Orchestra
To Close Year,
The 83-piece University Sym-
phony Orchestra will perform at
8:30 p.m. today at Hill Auditorium.
The Orchestra which is per-
forming its last concert of the sea-
son will play "Serenade in B flat"

Other Laws
Not Affected
By Decision
Douglas Says Within
States' Police Power
To Ban Union Shop
WASHING TON(A')-State
"Right to work" laws as applied
in the railroad industry fell yes-
terday before a 9-0 Supreme Court
ruling.
rState laws banning union shops
in other industries were not af-
fected.
,The decision upheld a 1951
amendment of the National Rail-
way Labor Act which authorizes
the railroad and labor unions to
enter into ufnion shop agreements,
state laws to the contrary not-
withstanding.
Union Shp
Under the union shop, a worker
must join within 60 days the union
which holds collective bargaining
rights for his craft or class of
workers, or lose his job.
Eighteen states have laws ban-
ning membership or nonmember-
ship in unions as a condition y to
holding a job. Proponents' call
them "right to work" laws. Some
union leaders described them as
"right to scab" laws.
Except as applied in the rail-
road industry the state "right to
work" laws remain intact. The
Taft-Hartley Act permits union
shop agreements, but specifies
this does not apply in states which
have laws prohibiting them.
Justice William 0. Douglas,
author of yesterday's opinion, said
that in the absence of conflicting
federal legislation, "there can be
no doubt that it is within the police
power of a state to prohibit" the
union shop.
Railway Act
But, referring to the Railway
Labor Act he said the power of
Congress to regulate labor rela-
tions in interstate industries is
likewise well-established.
"Industrial peace along the ar-
teries of commerce is a legitimate
objective; and Congress has great
latitude in choosing the methods
with which it is to be obtained,"
he said.
Cypriot.Rebels
Hul Boibs,
Kill B riton

CITY CYCLES COLLECTED:
AAPoiceIpon UlcesdBikes
By RENE GNAM
Ann Arbor Police impounded 42 student-owned bicycles yesterday
morning and indicated that more would be picked up today.
Acting under city ordinance regulations which require -all bicycles
to be licensed, a city truck, manned by Ptl. Donald Hughes, impounded
unlicensed bicycles between 9 and 10 a.m. yesterday.-
The truck made three trips from the police department to the
campus area and picked up bicycles between Couzens and Alice Lloyd
dormitories on the Hill, in the South Quad vicinity, and on Maynard
Street in front of the music school and the Student Publications
Building.
Lt. Walter Krasney reported that more bicycles wlil be impounded
this morning, in accordance witt the bicycle ordinance.
Many Licenses Issued
More than 6,000 bicycles have been licensed since April 15, Lt. -
Krasney said. He indicated that this total is higher than that of any
previous year. '-:
Lt. Krasney- said students may obtain bicycle licenses between
9 a.m. and 5 p.m., today, at the treasurer's office or city clerk's office
in City Hall.
Owners of bicycles impounded today will be required to purchase
a license, pay a service charge and a fine--totaling $4.50-before they
may recover their bicycles.=
Bicycles impounded yesterday may be r'ecovered after owners pay

ily's liking for their Ann Arbor
home.
U' Expansion
Commenting on University ex-
pansion during his five years here,
Hatcher noted it was "the good
fortune of the University that the
North Campus land was vacant
and could be used by us without
displacing local residents froml
their houses."
Robert N. Cross, administrative
assistant to President Hatcher, re-
vealed that since 1952 the capital
outlay appropriations of the Uni-
versity from the State Legislature'
have been almost quadrupled -
from $2,376,203 in 1952 to $8,565,-
000 in 1956.
The University"s operating bud-
get for that same period has near-
ly doubled-from $16,936,650 in
1952 to $28,075,000 this year,
Student Responsibility
In the student responsibility
sphere, Hatcher heaped praise up-
on the student body for "proving
to the immense satisfaction of
everyone that they can shoulder
the weight of responsibility." The
creation of the office of Vice
President in Charge of Student
Affairs and the inception of Stu-

NICOSIA, Cyprus (A)-Cypriot
rebels hiding amgng rioting school-
girls tossed bombs at British troops.
trying to restore order in Nicosia
yesterday, killing one Briton and
wounding three others.
Bomb splinters injured seven
Greek Cypriot civilians in nearby
shops, and two policemen.
British reinforcements ringed
the riot area in an effort, to trap
the bomb throwers. As tear gas
clouds cleared later a grim silence
settled over the sunny ,city. Tour-
ing police loudspeaker vans an-
nounced that an indefinite curfew
had been ordered.
The battle, worst in 'Nicosia for
weeks, began quietly enough witth
schoolgirls demonstrating for the
second day for Enosis-union with
Greece.
Then, as the troops moved in to
break up the march, rebles mingl-
ing with the girls threw bombs.
The demonstrators chanted En-
osis slogans and praise of EOKA,
the underground fighters against
British rule.
The girls formed their proces-
sion as they left church services
observing the feast of St. Constan-
tine and St. Helena, a national
and religious holiday for ,Greeks.,
who make up four-fifths of this
island's half-million population.
Essay Contest
Gets Extension

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