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VOL. LXVI, No. 146 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MAY 4, 1956
Nixon's Campaign Boss
Testifies He Got Legal
Soil Bank Bill Passed; Democrats
Defeat Advance Payment Plan
WASHINGTON (A)-The House passed a new farm bill yesterday
approving President Dwight D. Eisenhower's soil bank program but
denying him authority to advance farmers 500 million dollars in soil
bank benefits this year.'
Democrats denounced the advance payments plan as an attempt
to buy farm votes in the November election. In the major test of the
day, they defeated a pre-payments amendment 181-157 on almost
a straight party line vote.
Bill to Go to Senate
The roll call vote on passage of the bill was 314-78. The bill now
goes !to the Senate. There were many elements of victory for the
o Eisenhower administration in the
Hs V oteS It would give the President the
H u eo esoil bank he asked for, even though
it may not be in full operation un-
New Budget til next year.
It would also give the farmers
a wide range of other non-contro-
F M ihtarversial benefits in an election year.
And it does not call for a return
to high, rigid price supports at 90
WASHINGTON (P)-The House per cent of parity, one of the rea-
,AppropriationsCommittee voted sons why President Eisenhower ve-
yesterday to give $33,635,066,000 in toed the first general farm bill Ap
new money to the Defense Depart- ril 16.
ment for the year beginning July 1. Amendment Passed
It said the military emphasis for Republicans failed to defeat an
the new fiscal year will be on air- amendment by Rep. C. Albert (D-
power and new weapons to be Okla.) adding grazing lands to the
brought forward "at an increasing soil bank program and making
rate.". grazers eligible for 50 million dol-
The total recommended is $1,- lars in benefits. The roll call vote
741,832,374 more than Congress on this issue was 199-195.
appropriated for the fiscal year The administration opposes the
ending this June 30. addition of grazing land to the soil
Request Not Met bank, arguing, for one thing, that
However, it is $512,784,000 less it would be difficult to enforce
than President Dwight D. Eisen- compliance. Some House Republi-
hower "asked in his budget last cans called it a "handout" to cat-
January and in a supplemental re- tlemen."
Janur and in asupA last minute GOP attempt to
quest last month. send the bill back to the Agricul-
The Committee said more than ture Committee was defeated 211-
half of this reduction was simply 184 on another roll call vote. 4
on "paper" and would not affect
actual military programs.
The House is to consider the Ta l H alted
new defense bill next week; theT a k H a ed
Senate sometime later.
Military manpower was esti- In Deadlock
mated at 2,865,000 at the end of
the new fiscal year, as compared
with 2,820,100 next June 30. LONDON ( -The East-West
The main share of the money disarmament talks. dragged to
in the bill would be distributed as their deadlocked end yesterday.
follows: The final meeting comes today
Air Force-$15,479,125,000, an but that is just a formality to
increase of $739,361,830 over this close out the seven-week session.
year. Delegates to the five-nation
Navy-$9,999,534,000, an increase United Nations Disarmament sub-
of $871,774,444 over the present comnittee have agreed they can
fiscal year. make no further progress at the
Ar m y-$7,497,582,000, an in- current series of talks in finding
crease of $871,744,444. a way to halt the arms race.
A highly placed source said to-
day's meeting will merely put
Redm en Ra d 'final approval on a report to the
full UN Disarmament Commission
Pa eTe2a--the 11 Security Council members
Paleface L dand Canada.
"The subcommittee will not be
Listen to this tale of romance disbanded, just adjourned," West-
Tale of Indian warriors bold- ern sources explained. The expec-
In the early moon of green leaves tation is its will meet again in
Came they forth, the stoics valiant; about six months.
Forth they romped to paleface The consensus among Western
wigwam officials seemed to be that the
Wigwam one of friendly Great talks brought East and West
Chief, closer together on disarmament
Came they forth to take their than ever before but that major
token, differences still barred the way to
Then to the mighty oak of Tappan agreement.
MIDDLE EAST CRISIS:
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (P)-United N
Dag HammarskJold came up yesterday with ti
Aimed to muzzle the guns on both sid
were reached by Israel and three of her Ar
dan and Lebanon. 4
The UN secretary general, who broke tl
Israeli cease-fire pact in the Gaza area effe
these results of his five-weeks old Middle
preliminary rport from Jerusa- " -
lem to the Security Council. 7-T y 1
BICYCLES AND STUDENTS-Owners of many bicycles talk, attempt to read an assignment, and
consider the thought that, as a result of standing in line now, they will not have to worry about
their bicycles being ticketed or impounded in the future because they bear no licenses.
Bicycle Owners Face Heavy Lines"
License Sale To Continue Tomorrow
By MARILYN WOOD,
Approximately 2,000 students-
purchased bicycle licenses yester-
day in the Administration Build-
By 3:15 p.m. the supply was ex-
Some of the students remaining
in line with their applications
trudged over to 'the city clerk's
office only to find another wait-
ing line. Others decided to wait
until today when lines will again
form in the Administration Build-
Although sales were heavier yes-
terday than had been anticipated,
Ann Arbor police gave tickets to
students whose bicycles did not
yet carry a license.
"They (the police aepartment)
must want to balance their bud-
get," Nancy Holmes, '57, said
while standing midway in a lic-
Revenue from student's bicycles
is of no major concern to the Ann
Arbor police department, Lieu-
tenant Walter Crasny remarked.
"We are trying to find who owns
the bicycles that are brought in
here," he said.
Students Find Number
To' be eligible for a license a
bicycle must be adorned with aj
light and a bell-both in working
condition. There is no argument
when a student says, "But I bought
this paraphernalia and it was
Students must get out the eye-
glasses and serape mud from the
bicycle's rear tire to find the ser-
ial number which is requested on
the license application. The police
department has offered to bestow
a new set of numbers upon a "bi-
cycle without a serial."
LSA To Hold
A Literary College Steering Com-
mittee Conference on "Why a
Liberal Education: The Function
of a Literary College" will be held
at 7:30 p.m. Thursday in the
Opening the discussion will be
a brief panel presentation of Pro-
fessor Arthur M. Eastman and
Marvin Felheim, both of the Eng-
lish department, and Roger W.
Heyns of the psychology depart-
ment and assistant to the dean of
the literary college.
Other identification needed on,
the application is the make and
color of the bicycle.
Since all applications must be
signed by a person over 21, Dean
of Men Walter B. Rea has been a
parent to several hundred stu-
dents. His signature, stamped in
the lower left-hand corner by his
office staff, makes the applica-
Looking at the bicycle situation
as a real problem, Vice-Presdient
of Student Affairs James A. Lewis
commented, "It's not just a ques-
tion of licensing, but of courtesy
and safety, too."
He said, however, that it is not
unreasonable that bicycles should
be licensed. Ann Arbor police are
justified in their actions, he re-
Today lines will form again in
the Administration Building from
9 a.m. to 3 p.m. when students
wait to purchase bicycle licenses.
Self-Defense Right Still Held
Heading home now by way of
Cairo and Rome, he said the agree-
ments were unconditional, with a
reservation as to self-defense.
The right of self-defense is held
by all nations under the UN Char-
The new agreements are intend-
ed to reinforce cease-fire pledges
made by Israel and her Arab
neighbors in the armistice agree-
ments that ended the Palestine
war of 1948.
Hammarskjold told the Security
Council conditions in the Gaza
area, long a center of bloodshed
and tension, have "considerably
improved as a result of strict or-
ders" issued by the Israeli and
"The cease-fire I have aimed at
under my mandate from the Secu-
rity Council is one governed by a
reaffirmation by the governments,
given to the United Nations, to
comply unconditionally with the
fundamental Clause of the various
armistice agreements and estab-
lishes anew the legal situation on
which the armistice regime has to
He will make a full report to
the Council at a meeting expected
to be called by Council President
Joza Brilej of Yugoslavia late next
Lee Marks, '57 BAd, was chosen
yesterday as winner of the $170
Wendy Owen Memorial Award.'
Given annually to a Daily staff
member, the award was set up in
memory of Wendy Owen, former
Daily night editor who died in the
summer of 1951.
Constructive contribution to the
campus is major criterion for the
Marks, newly named city editor
of the Daily, is a member of
Sphinx, junior men's honorary. He
is also a member of Pi Lambda Phi
Members of the award commit-
tee were: Dean of Men Walter B.
Rea, Dean of Women Deborah
Bacon, Daily Managing Editor
Dave Baad, '56, Daily Women's
Editor Mary Hellthaler '56, and
Daily Sports Editor Phil Douglis,
not to ac
of the re
tute for t
I Makes To Further'
ire Pacts Law Cases'
lations Secretary Genera
hree more Palestine ceas- 'No P esr,
ls of the frontiers, they Chotiner Says
WASHINGTON (Tr)-Murray Xi
ie ice with an Egyptian- Chotiner, who was Vice-President
ctive April 18 announced Richard M. Nixon's 1952 campaign
East peace mission in a manager, testified yesterdayhe
got help from the White House in
connection with some private law
] Aep He said the help amounted to
/ calls put in at his request by two
aides to President Dwight D. Els-
enhower, Maxwell Rabb and Char-
les F. Willis Jr., to check on the:'R ~tsau fsm edn aeo o
-status of some pending cases, or to
dy Report arrange for Chotiner to see gov-
There was no influence-swing-
By DAVE TARR ing, Chotiner told the Senate In-
rs of the Inter-House vestigations subcommittee.
ast night accepted a com- Hagerty Queried
port revamping the Con- He testified he never tried to
of the organization but make use of his connections with
cality has prevented its Vice-President Nixon or anyone
n to Residence Halls else in the government.
James C. Hagerty, President
ing to IHC President Bob Eisenhower's press secretary, was
'57E, the majority vote asked by reporters whether he felt
g the report was not the there was anything improper about
t two-thirds necessary to Chotiner getting in touch with
t to the Houses for their Rabb and Willis.
on. _ "Not the slightest," Hagerty rye-
roposed IHC Constitution plied.
'be enacted unless it is Hagerty said he had checked
y a majority vote in two- with Rabb, who is President Els-
the House Councils. enhower's advisor on minority
k, in urging the Council problems, and Willis, who formerly
cept the report said that dealt in job patronage matters and
ic proposed structure is now is with the W. R. Grace Co.
)d, however the proposed in New York,
ion is not in a form that Chotiner Lost
ee accepted." Hagerty added that in both in-
er, structure committee stances, Chotiner's side eventually
a Bill Hanks, '56 BAd; said lost the cases.
orts will be made to mni- The Senators called Chotiner be-
sage of the new Constitu- fore them after getting testimony
the alternate method of that he had rpresented as law-
a petition of one-half of yer, some of the persons they are
e Counc ots."e investigating in connection with
that a cotbactee next charges of crookedness in con.
; a "streamlined" version tracting for military uniforms.
eport, Warrick said "that
stitution cdntains much Ti-
that should be included rae-
t that a number of pro-
ould hamper future leg-
nd administrative opera-T oB Na ~(
in the new structure. o Be Named
'roposed structure would
ate a council of House By BILL HANEY
s in a body known as the
m replacing the present 55 Proceedings of the Harold A.
organization. Johnson murder case will be h1eld
es in the proposed Consti- up until Judge James R. Breakey,
ere made so as to enable Jr., appoints another attorney for
vice-president to substi- the defendant.
he President. Last week Johnson demanded a
circuit court trial for the Jan. 9
murder of his three-year-old dau-
yments Due ghter, Barbara.
Johnson asked for the trial by
ription payments for refusing to plead guilty to a first-
ily are due now. degree murder charge, as he had
re to pay may result in been advised to do by his attorney,
ding of credits. Ralph C. Keyes, and his sister-in-
law, Mrs. G. C. Porterfield of
When Johnson declined to fol-
low his attorney's advise, Keyes
rtwas allowed to withdraw from the
rt Workscase. Johnson, after talking to the
attorney, asked the court to ap-
concert in the 63rd an- point another attorney.
y Festival-and alt-Mozart Before withdrawing, Keyes in-
nce-will be presented at dicated Johnson no longer holds
today in, Hill Auditorium, any interest in the home at 1435
rhonson, eminent conduc- Westfield, where the shootings
.he Cincinnati Symphony occured.K J
a, will guest conduct the hAccording to Keyes, Johnson
work of the concert, the has turned over the ,house by
to Mozart's "The Mar- quit claim deed to Mrs. Porter-
Figaro." field, who helped finance the
de Penitente" by Mozart trial.
sung by the University Judge To Investigate
Union under Johnson's Judge Breakey said he would in-
in the second work of vestigate Johnson's financial sit-
ing's concert. uation further before appointing
s will include Lois Mar- an attorney and also would wait
anadian concert soprano, to set a trial date.
abson, mezzo-sopranoand Johnson faces the possibility of
Petrak, tenor. athree life sentences, if convicted
concluding work of the of the other two murders in the
the dual piano team of first degree.
Dashed the screaming, yelling
To the tree of Indian legend
Where the white men pale and
Stood around the mighty oak tree
Warriors choice of paleface nation
Qhoice of tribe to run the gauntlet
Down the warriors, painted
Swooped and caught their prey
Loud the war cry stirred the
As they seized their hapless
Forth they b're them to their
There to torture at their pleasure,
There they are around the
Heard the words of mighty
Smoked the pipe of peace and
Thus there came to
Bill Adams, Terry Barr, Dick
Dunnigan, Bruce Fox, Dave Grey,
Herb Karmen, Ron Kramer, Roy
Lave, Tim Leedy, Barry MacKay,
Jim Maddock, Tom Maentz, Lee
Marks, John Narcy, Dave Owen,
Bob Pitts, John Schubeck, Chuck
Sharp, Lionel Sigman, Dave Sil-
ver, Dick Snyder, Fred Trost, Steve
Laws Indirectly A ffect,
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the fourth in a series of six articles on seg-
regation in the United States as viewed from the standpoints of educa-
tion, law, anthropology, history and political science.)
By MARY ANN THOMAS
Psychologists and sociologists played an important role in the
Supreme Court's ruling against segregation, but the decision raised1
an old question: Is it possible to legislate morals?
Prof. Helen Peak of the psychology department believes that laws
do have an effect on behavior. "In some sense," she explained, "they
set standards that give people an idea of what is expected of them
"But laws are only one factor in determining what people do,"
BRAKES NOT NEEDED:
Cabinet Officers Report
Economy Still Booming
WASHINGTON VP)-Tivo of President Dwight D. Eisenhower's
Cabinet officers yesterday reported the nation's economy is continuing
to boom, and questioned the need of applying anti-inflationary brakes.
Secretary of Commerce Sinclair Weeks, reporting a new record
high for personal income and a continuing high rate for the gross
national product, said he still has a "cheery optimism" about the
economic outlook despite soft spots in automobiles and home building.
Figures Show Substantial Increase
Weeks said employment figures due to come out soon will show
a substantial increase in the number of workers with jobs. The March
employment figure, issued last
month was 63,078,000.
Secretary of Labor James Mit- MAY FESTIVAL:
chell questioned the need of last
month's credit-tighteningaction OhoT
by the Federal Reserve Board,ing:
"I don't happen to believe thereoolT
is an inflation trend." .
Weeks put it this way:
"In view of'the tight money sit-
uation today the raise in the Fed-
eral Reserve discount rate for
lending might prove to be a handi-
cap to business expansion and the
economy, but in the long run I
o Conduct Moza
the renowned psychologist commented. "I am sure that passing a law have confidence that the economy
requiring you to love your neighbor will not necessarily make you love will still move forward."
him. The Federal Reserve Board
'Law Will .elp Negro' raised its bank lending rate last
"But I am sure that this law, by enabling Negroes to become month to the highest level in
better educated and thus able to earn better livings, will remove some I more than 20 years. This tended
of te bsisfor rejdic," to raise borrowing rates all along
of the basis for prejudice," she emphasized. the line.
"The effect of a law on attitudes is likely to be indirect," Prof. Product at Level
Peak continued. "If it has the effect of making white people accept Weeks reported that the gross
the Negro willingly, it gives him the opportunity to improve his status national product-the total output
and show them he is the same. of goods and services-is running
tor of tl