!SUNDAY, MARCH 25, 1959
THI I ~CHIGAN DAILY
A __- _._- -__ ___
TING BILLS EXTRA HIGH:
55-'56 Winter Surpasses Normal Cold
(continued from page 4)
I P~eentge.LofdJrormaIi "efflating uegree Aoy.ALcfl.4.,SV,*I5* S.4*puarlW
By DAVID L. BOWEN
Associated Press Newsfeature Writer
:a than namd 90
10 to "59 .&.vo tornm.I
The 1953-54 Picture
,rave r AP Ne
The 1954-55 Picture
If your heating bills were extra
high this year, don't be surprised.
It wasn't necessarily caused by
the kids' failure to keep the back
door closed or by a faulty furnace.
According to U.S. Weather Bu-
reau tabulations, the winter now
ending was simply one of the cold-
est in recent years.
As is clearly evident on the ac-
companying maps, heating degree
days from October through Febru-
ary of this year met and went
above the 30-year normal in most
sections of the nation, This was a
severe reversal of the record of the
two previous seasons, when only
small portions of the country re-
corded temperatures as cold as the
The 30-year standard the
Weather Bureau uses as "normal"
covers the years from 1921 through
Heating degree days are a stand-
ard method of estimating the de-
mand placed Qn building and resi-
dential heating units by outside
temperatures. For any one day in
which the average temperature is
lower than 65 degrees, there exist
as many "degree days" as there
are Fahrenheit degrees difference
between the average temperature
and 65 degrees. Thus, if the aver-
age temperature for a 24-hour per-
iod was 55 degrees, the period held
10 degree days.
Studies have determined that
fuel consumption varies directly
with the number of degree days.
On a day with 50 degree days, for
instance, twice as much fuel is
consumed as during a day with
only 25 degree days.
In computing degree days, the
average daily temperature is taken'
as the midway point between the
highest and lowest temperature of
the day. If the highest tempera-
ture reached was 60 degrees and
the lowest 30, then the average
was 45 degrees.
The degree days for a week,
month or year are obtained by
adding up the degree days for
each day of the week, month or
year. Degree days are computed
daily by the U.S. Weather Bureau
for all commissioned and coopera-
tive stations in the United States.
Crib Has Elections
The rece'ntly re-organized Mich-
igan Crib Pre-Law Society recently
elected Richard F. Bannasch, '57,
and therefore tried to ignore
Israel's mere existence as a sover-
eign state. First, they said, Israel
has to take back the Arab refu-
gees and only afterwards the Arab
states would be ready to negotiate.
* ~ * *
ISRAEL REGARDS the refugee
problem as one of deep and urgent
humanitarian concern. With this
point of. view she has agreed to
the reuniting of families, thus en-
abling the passage of thousands of
persons across the lines. But, as
these people have been nourished
with hatred and hostility through-
out all their exile against the
state of Israel, accepting all of
them would mean suicide to Israel
which is exactly what the Arab
If the Arab states would consider
signing a non-aggression pact, Is-
rael would be willing to pay com-
pensation. Another of Israel's con-
ditions is the removal of the Arab
boycott and blockade, thus restor-
ing economic as well as ,political
relations between the countries.
Peace negotiations would enable
representatives of Israel and of
Arab states to exchange their
views on these subjects. The bene-
fits which would flow from such
a settlement would release the
Arab states as well as Israel from
the tensions and frustrations which
aret now irritating both sides.
BONAPARTE IN A SHOWCASE
... thirty years of labor.
Library Collection Features
Napoleonic Documents Data
ICYCLE ORDINANCE REVISIONS:
City Officials' Commend Propos'al
(continued from Page 1)
the only area to be affected by the
Prof. Moore.pointed out that proposed resolution.,
although "The automobile threat- Other Areas
ens to put the bicycle out of busi- "A few others will no doubt
ness . . . I will .have no part of show up. Wherever sidewalk park-
that-being a constant bike rider ing is. a nuisance, Council will be
nyself." able to forbid parking within stat-
In his statement to the Daily, ed limits and put up warning
Prof. Moore said, "At one time in signs: Otherwise, the ordinance
past weeks, one of our Council will provide the enforcement meas-
omrnmittees was thinking of recom- ures that will give the prohibition
mending really drastic action: the a meaning and make it work."
adoption of. an ordinance amend- Prof. Moore's statement said,
ment to prohibit bike riding and "The proposed ordinance changes
parking on sidewalks and exten- do not go into the use of bicycles
lions throughout the commercial on the street, for the present ordi-
district. nance already requires safe prac-
"I oiSposed such a sweeping cure tices.
of the problem. "But it would appear," the
"On the one hand," Prof. Moore statement continued, "that several
,ald, "I have insisted that the city hundred of our local riders have
must act to solve the problem in neither heard of these rules, 'hor
those places where it is a prob- have they cultivated any regard
lem; but at the same time, the for their own or other people's
city must recognize the existence safety.
of the bicycle and provide for its "I' do wish that the Daily could
continued and increasing use." .find a way to educate these un-
The State Street area, Prof. safe riders. Sooner or later, some
Moore pointed out, would not be driver of a car, in spite of all he
can do, is going to kill one of
them," Prof. Moore said.
Prof. Moore discussed at length
the bicycle parking problem.
He said ". .. in the residential
districts, there is usually no prob-
lem. But in the commercial dis-
trict, with its high traffic, the
problem is very real."
He pointedr out that "No sane
bike rider will park his bicycle on
the street, against the curb" in the
commercial district, because "the
next driver who wants to park
his car there may not see the bi-
cycle and may ruin it."
Prof. Moore said the place to
park the bicycle "except in the hot
spots mentioned .. . is on the ex-
"In the commercial district, this
area is often covered with con-
lcrete. It can be tecognized by
the fact that we plant our park-
ing meters in it.
"Nearly everywhere," Prof. Moore
said, "there is plenty, of room for
parking bicycles on the extension,
while leaving the sidewalk clear."
By SUSAN KARTUS
Presently on display between the
reference and catalogue rooms of
the General Library, is a collec-
tion of autographed letters and
documents of Emperor Napoleon I,
his most famous generals, marsh-
als and cabinet members.
This collection, presented to the
University in 1929 by Orla B. Tay-
lor, of Detroit, took thirty years
The collection contains six auto-
graphs of Napoleon himself. The
first, dated 1794, is signed in the
Italian "Buonaparte," the second
1803, "Bonabarte." The third bears
the signature "Napoleon," which he
seldom used, and the remaining
three are in the familiar form
"N" or "Nag."
There are also autographs of
Bernadotte, Davout, Lannes, Laur-
iston, Maret, Marmont, Mesenna,
Murat, Soult, and Suchet.
Mr. Taylor began his collection
with the accidental purchase of
the Napoleon autograph dated
1810. A short time later, a friend
gave him an autograph of Mar-
shal Suchet. He thereupon de-
veloped a desire to complete the
set. It became desirable to ob-
tain all of the different forms of
In order to display this collec-
tion of autographs properly, Mr.
Taylor had a special case made.
Unfortunately, collections of this
type are usually placed in cold
storage book stacks where they
are seen by very few. This novel
case contains sixty slides in which
the autographs are placed under
glass so that they can be drawn
out at any time.
Graduating seniors who have
not yet ordered their commence-
ment announcements may do so
tomorrow and Tuesday between
1 and 5 p.m. in the Administra-
tion Bldg. lobby.
Members of Senior Board are
taking announcement and calling
card orders, which will also be
taken April 9-11. Bill Gardner,
'56, Senior Board chairman, urg-
ed that orders be made now to
avoid the last-minute rush.
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COSMETICS - MAIN FLOOR
Elected as vice
James W. Childs,
E. Faulkner, '59,
Ebba R. Jalva.
3'i: 9" t:4
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Be a good bunny thisI
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