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rltorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staf writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
DAY, MARCH 16, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: MARY ANN THOMAS
Two Views Lost in Shuffle
As SGC Comes of Age
New Men's Accord
-UCH has and will be said on SGC's decision
early yesterday morning to change soror-
y rushing to the spring. Regardless of feeling
out the decision the Council's rapport dur-
g the five-hour sessign won respect from
niversity students for the one-year old stu-
Lost in the shuffle was a less dramatic de-
Sion, but one of equal import. This was un-
imous SGC passage of the IFC-IHC recom-
endation for improvement of the fraternities'
esent rushing system. The drama here was
t packed into an exciting debate before the
ident constituency, but came in the week
eceding Wednesday's meeting.
The gap between fraternity men and inde-
ndents was even wider than among the
)men when discussions first started. It ap-
ared for several weeks that a split report
>uld result from the committee study.
)PPOSING factions were still separated a
week ago when the men's rushing commit-
e submitted its final report without recom-
endations. Many criticized the committee
rongly for failing to reach a decision by the
reed deadline March 7, but the week's ex-
asion granted could not have been more
The status quo, time-wise, has been main-
ined. But at the same time steps have been
ken to incorporate the philosophy expounded
ntinuously by IHC representatives into the
esent fall-spring rushing system.
They wanted deferred pledging to give the
coming freshman more time to reach such
. important decision as is involved in joining
fraternity group. They thought the fresh-
an should be given opportunity to adjust to
e new educational environment in college
FC AND IHC in cooperation with the Uni-
versity will work to expand the counseling
r incoming freshmen. As Weinbaum sail at
ednesday's meeting there will be a definite
iphasis on impressing on the freshman the
portance of his ;decision rather than at-
mpting to simply sell freshmen the fraternity
stem. Freshmen counselors will encourage
Lcertain freshmen to wait until sefotd se-
ester before making a decision and encour-
e him to examine closely the fraternity sys-
m during his semester's wait.
If sufficient progress isn't made in these
eas during the next two years, the rushing
mmittee mandated SGC to again consider.
ssibilities of changing the present rushing
The rushing committee's recommendation
serves its two-year trial. IFC and IHC work-
g together to perfect the rushing system is
volutionary on this campus. The represen-
tives to the rushing committee deserve strong
mmendation for forgetting past prejudices
.d their pledge to ,mutually attack the issue
Credit for Panhel
A LOT OF RECORDS were set Wednesday
night in the Union Ballroom.
A record number of cigaret butts littered the
floor. A record crowd of spectators (nearly
400) heard Student Government Council's 10-8
vote for spring rushing. Dean of Women De-
borah Bacon granted a unique blanket late
permission to coeds assembled.
In its careful handling of the spring rushing
controversy SGC showed its full potential for
the first time since its birth last year. Nobody
on the Council voted impetuously, or without
due regard for the excellent voicings of both
pro- and con-spring rush opinion. The Panhel-
Assembly rushing study committee, whose re-
port was the basis for SGC's decision, had
worked intensely to reach its conclusion.
These phenomena escaped nobody's notice.
Another, somewhat lost in the shuffle of logic
and emotion, was and is the creditable attitude
of Panhellenic Association itself.
PANHEL LOST. Seventeen of the 19 sor-
orities here favored fall rushing, and SGC
overrode their preference 10-8. Easily Panhel
could have shown "poor loser" tendencies, ap-
pealing its case to the Board in Review for a
reversal. But it isn't going to.
Although SGC's decision will be appealed:
anyway, the request for review won't come from
what might seem the most likely source. Panhel
has acted wisely ever since the rushing issue
came to the fore last week, both within its
own special meetings and in public. Rationale
presented for fall rushing was intelligently con-
ceived and sincerely presented.
Still it is extremely unlikely that the spring
rush decision tolls the doom of the sorority
system. Spring rushing will occur in a Uni-
versity climate radically changed from that
of 1952, when sororities were in an admittedly
precarious position-for more reasons than one.
It doesn't seem over-idealistic to believe that
all indications point to a new phase in Uni-
versity history, with which sororities and all
other organizations must keep step.
PANHEL is taking a chance, certainly, but
it's a healthy, vigorous chance, with new
attention to the much-discussed Individual-
who loomed like an invisible sceptre over the
If future trends someday foretell a weak-
ened Greek system, with the gradual decad-
ence of sororities, as a result, rushing circum-
stances can again be changed. Nobody wants
a shaky Panhellenic, as was eloquently expressed
at the meeting. And recurrence of weakness
in sororities, if it comes, can be detected before
it becomes malignant.
By its vote Student Government Council has
shown faith in the campus sorority system,
just as Panhel has expressed its faith in SGC.
It is to be hoped, and expected, that this
mutual confidence will settle and predominate
in every sorority chapter here. ,
-JANE HOWARD, Associate Editor
* - -
L0 - .
i- 4F e ::,,._
Red Code Letter Traced
By DREW PEARSON
AT LYDIA MENDELSSOHN:
'Rx Noble Attempt,
IT'S SO RARE that an original musical comedy comes to the Lydia
Mendelssohn that this fact alone deserves a standing ovation.
However you ,have to sit down quickly when 'Rx" starts-and
there's not much opportunity to get up again.
Lorraine and Tom Millar, a husband and wife team, combined to
write the Civil Theater production, Lorraine handling the music and
some of the lyrics, Tom the book and the rest of the words.
The plot, what little there is of it, concerns a young University of
Michigan. intern and his pretty wife, a nurse at the hospital. Their
difficulty-"idiopathic post-marital hyperkinesis", i.e. they're looking
for romance after the honeymoon. She thinks he's making a play for
another nurse (a cutie played by Vivian Mitchell) and heads for New
There, she has a weak-accented Frenchman (Bbb Shorr) make
love to her on a television show, which hubby in Ann Arbor sees. Fol-
lowing in order: quarrel, explanation, all-is-forgiven, final happy full
Marty Kettunen, as the wife who wants romance and a baby, has
a pleasing voice although she seems more mixed up than the character
need be. Hubby Jack is played by John Kokales.
-DAVE BAAD, Managing Editor
IN THIS CORNER:
New Muscle On Campus
B MUIiRY FRYMER
T HE British Secret Service has
launched an urgent investiga-
tion of the entire British Embassy
staff in Cairo in an effort to track
down a Russian agent believed to
have been collaborating with one
of the two British spies, Donald
MacLean, who's now behind the
The investigation came about as
the result of a coded letter from
Louisville, Ky., that slipped out of
a book in the Embassy library.
The incident is taken so seriously
that American Intelligenre agents
have been brought into the case.
What happened was that the
British librarian, a girl, and an
American visitor in Cairo discov-
ered the strange letter in a copy of
one of Lord Cromer's books. The
letter fell out when the book was
opened for checking some refer-
ence material late last November.
* * *
THE LETTER, sent from Louis-
ville, was dated June, 1951, and is
believed to have been placed in
toe book by an agent to be picked
up from the book by another
agent. The letter read in part:
"As I am writing, the news of
Donald's disappearance is coming
over the air . . . He must be given
a longer breakdown period in the
future . .. Ten days is a long time
to howl ... Donald is very cautious
about David's replacement chap
and hasn't decided what he is like
. . . Am sending over for those
who understand Runyonese a lot
about guys and dolls ... Ever hear
about a British Consular man
4aned Tyrrell? ... I bought two
shirts and some towels off him in
a Cincinnati store."
American agents believe the let-
ter was a coded message between
two Communist agents reporting
on MacLean. They also believe
there have been serious leaks in
the British Embassy.
Every book in the library has
now been pulled down and search-
ed to see if any more letters can,
be found. The FBI has been in-
volved in the check, and efforts
have been made to locate the per-
son who mailed the letter from
Louisville. This, however, is like
looking for a needle in a haystack.
* * *
SOME OF THE American edi-
torial writers who staged a crusade
DIf'ttL MAN ON CAMPUS
over suppression of La Prensa in
Argentina have been quiet over a
much worse situation in Colombia
where newspaper after newspaper
has been closed by Colombian
President Gustavo Rojas Pinilla.
Here is the roll call of his sup-
El Tiempo-foremost newspaper
in Colombia owned by ex-Presi-
dent Santos has been closed for
approximately nine months after
it criticized President Rojas.
La Republica -- owned by ex-
President Ospina Perez, was cosed
after it wrote an editorial criticiz-
ing the police and army for forcing
audiences to stay at movie theatres
and watch official newsreels.
El Espectador and Diario Graf-
ico-were suddenly given fictitious
fines of 750,000 and 85,000 pesos,
respectively, on trumped-up char-
ges of back income tax.
El Colombiano of Medellin was
shut down after publishing 55
years, a long time in Colombia.
MEANWHILE, Dr. Alberto Ller-
as, former Secretary General of the
Pan American Union in Washing-
ton, has given a real challenge to
President Rojas by publishing a
series of articles criticizing abuses
of the nation's tax money and
charging that the President toot a
250,000 peso advance on his salary.
Dr. Lleras was immediately shot at
five times at the country club, but
so far has survived.
Meanwhile, the reason for the
resignation of another courageous
Colombian. Dr. Eduardo Zuleta
Angel, ex-Colombian Ambassador
in Washington, has become clear.
Two hundred prominent ladies
in Bogota endeavored to call on
President Rojas at the Presidential
palace to protest the suppression
of civil liberties. They were stop-
ped before they got to the palace
and drenched with fire hoses.
Among the ladies was the mother
of Ambassador Zuleta.
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
For standout performances you
cast list. Bernice Sewicki as a
nightclub singing librarian handles
her song, "Talk It Up," with ease
and charm. Her subdued, profes-
sional rendition is one of the few
shining moments of the show.
Lauri Weber, as a frustrated ob-
stetrician's nurse, is perfect in a
small comic role and lament-type
song. Cindy Stevens delivers a
torchy "When You Haven't Got
A Guy" appealingly. In a non-
singing part, Jerry Kessler seems
more at ease than most others on
stage and manages to milk some
laughter out of rather fiat dia-
For most of the evening however
it's a struggle for these competent
performers to carry a weak book
and score. From the opening
"University of Michigan-Not Uni-
versity of Ohio-But University of
Michigan Mambo" to the closing
"Rx Romance" the music and ly-
rics are sadly unoriginal. "I'll
Remember September" has a nice
first line,'then dies. A bouncy all-
girl chorus helps "Give Us a Simple
Guy" and an all-intern male set
does what it can, with "An In-
tern's Life Is Happy."
If there's any sustained com-
edy, you might credit Dave Os-
good, the TV emcee with it, al-
though even he. succumbs when
the author runs out of funny
things to say.
Nancy Carrington's choreogra-
phy puts a little sex into the show,
but the dancing as a whole is rigid
and uneven. And what is a kick-
chorus line doing coming from no-
where into the middle of an obste-
Ted Heusel's direction has too
many people standing around do-
ing nothing, but it's the Civic
Theater's first attempt at musical
comedy. It's a noble attempt, but
"Rx" isn't the right prescription.
AT THE STATE:
A SWAGGERING, vital, and ani-
malistic man comes suddenly
into a small Kansas town and
within one day captivates a hunk
of the female population. This is
what happens in "Picnic," the film
based on William Inge's Pulitzer
Prize winning play. Most of it
is very fine and some of it is really
The picture, like the play, is
propelled by a strong current of
sexual excitement that motivates
each character and each stage of
HAL CARTER is the young
man's name and he is an itinerant
wanderer, going from one job to
another and one city to another
by means of the nearest freight
train. He arrives in the small
Western town to search out a job
connection with a rich young man
he once knew in college and im-
mediately becomes involved with
an all-female household. There
is Madge, the town's prettiest girl
and the town's unhappiest girl,
precisely because she is continual-
ly praised for her beauty and nev-
er really understood as a person.
There is Milly, her teen-age tom-
boy sister, struggling with the gid-
diness of adolescence and the
awakenings of sex. And there is
Rosemary, a boarder in the house,
who is a spinsterish school teacher
frantically on the quest for men
and excitement. Hal Carter af-
fects each of these women deeply
The structural execllence of the
writing is apparent in the sequence
of relationships. As one affair be-
tween Hal and Madge progresses,
another development results in a
different part of the all-over struc-
ture. This is not contrivance, but
honesty abetted by skill. What the
film has to say about the Ametican
Way of Life and its failings is not
as important as the way it is
THE ACTING is generally of a
high order.. William Holden's Hal
is fresh and exciting, always be-
lievable in spite of the gargantuan
proportions of the man. Kim No-
vak. a continually developing act-
To The Editor
have to look farther down the
THE Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent In
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building.before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be in by
2 p.m. Friday.
FRIDA, MARCH 16, 1956
VOL. LXVIH, NO. 28
Board in Review (Student Governme.
Council). In accordance with regula-
tions established by. the Board in
Review, a meeting has been requested
by one of its members to review action
taken by Student Government Council
at its meeting of March 14, 1956 with
respect to the motion on sorority rush-
ing. Accordingly, a meeting of the
Board in Review has been called for 10
a.m. on March 17 at 4508 Administra-
tion. The calling of this meeting, there-
fore, operates as a stay-of-action until
auch time as the Board in Review
makes its determination.
Student Government Counel. Sum-
mary of action taken at the meeting of
March 14, 1956.
Minutes of meeting of March 7.
Appointments to Committee on Stu-
dent Housing and Environmental
Health: Bob Leacock and Fernando
Association: Article VI, Section I: Elec-
tion Procedure; Fraternity Buyers Asso-
ciation: Article VI, Section , Member-
ship Board of Directors increased by
one; Article IX, change in time of an-
nual meeting to April or May.
Constitutions and granted recognition
to: Israeli-American Students Club,
American Nuclear Society.
Concept of unified Campus Chest fund
drive, authorized establishment of a
Campus Chest Board responsible to the
Student Government Council, charged
with responsibility of setting up and
operating the drive.
April 13, 14: Gilbert and Sullivan
performances of "Mikado" Lydia Men.
delssohn; April 20, 21, Gilbert and SuWl.
van performances of "Mikado," Wyan.
Officer elections, SC,. to be held
April 13, 3:15 p.m.
Approved following motion: To accept
recommendation proposed in the ma-
parity report of the Panhellenic-Assem.
bly Rushing Study Committee which
reads as follows: That for the academic
year beginning 1957, rushing (Pan-
hellenic) will be held at the beginning
of the spring semester (1958). The pro-
posed schadule would include a two and
a half week formal rushing period with
pre-registration in December. -
Approved IFC-IHC study committee
report and accepted its recommenda.
tions. IFC-IHC to work cooperatively
with University officials to implement
these recommendations. Progress shall
be reported at least once per semester
until the fall semester 1958-59 when a
reconsideration of this entire area shall
be made. The recommendations are:
1. That freshmen have contact with
fraternities no earlier than Sunday
preceding the second full week of
2. Extension of "open-house period an
3. Increased rushing counselor facili.
4. More printed material and informa-
tion on individual houses to rushees.
5. That persons counseling freshmen be
encouraged to advise confused-ind-
viduals to defer their decision until
open rushing or second semester.
6. Fraternities and residence halls
should play an active role in
becoming a more essential part of
the over-all University orientation,
particularly in terms of summer pro-
7. That all fraternities make facilities
open to rushees during both formal
8. Encourage the present approach to
a more informal rushing procedure
9. Further emphasize and utilization
of open rushing.
10. Increased communication and co-
operation between residence hals
and fraternity personnel, particular-
ly during rushing. -
11. Encourage and develop to the fullest
extent present policy of residence
hall staff selection and training.
12. Encourage increased development of
residence hall house orientation pro-
Friday, March 16, Junior College, Uni-
versity of Michigan Conferenec Regis-
tration, 9-10 a.m., Michigan League.
10-12 a.m. -- Discussion sessions, class
visitations, individual conferences for
Junior College faculty with University
faculty. 12:10 - Luncheon, Michigan
League Ballroor. 1:45-3:30 - Depart-
Fishing Clinic Sat., March 17, 12:30
A WRITER devoting some space to the Stu-
dent Government Council tpese days is
doing so at the risk of losing most readers.
Most people ignore the organization, others
grumble about it, a few, most directly con-
nected, maintain an interest.
Iowever, Wednesday night the 18-member
group finally attracted some excitement. More
than three hundred people surrounded the
small council table, listening for close to five
hours as the Council members, in their inimi-
table redundant style, argued the question of
spring rushing for sororities.
The issue was rather insignificant td incite
this much heated discussion. Should sorori-
ties rush in the fall or the spring? That was
the whole story.
Yet to those who have watched the stumb-
lings and failings of student government on
this campus, there was' a much bigger question,
and a much more crucial decision to be made.
Past governments, most notably the Student
Legislature, had enough brain to succeed, but
no brawn. Last spring, a government was put
in operation which for the first time had been
endowed with a muscle. But there was and
has been prevailing fear that, like in all or-
ganisms, neglect would cause the muscle to
THIS WAS especially true when the first
elections brought to office a conservative
membership, whose basic tenet was middle-of-
the-road deliberation, and avoidance of radi-
cal issues, as if afraid that those who had dele-
gated the muscle would retract it if it were
At times it seemed that the addition of
brawn had been won at the- neglect of brain.
The hesitancy and unsureness of the new gov-
The SGC did bring the long driving contro-
versy to a close with a satisfactory decision,
but this had been started back in SL'days and
came to a close in an atmosphere of unanimity
Everyone felt that liberalized driving rules were
needed. There was little pressure.
W EDNESDAY NIGHT the pressure surround-
ed the SGC table in one large horde. The
sorority system, members and alumnae alike,
were opposed to dropping their system of fall
rushing in favor of spring rushing. And for
a week the council had been given never to
It was an embarrassing position for SGC
whose members were faced with a report by
one of their appointed committees to change
to spring rushing. Panhellenic was represented
on this committee and had, in part at least,
agreed that a change was needed.
For the first time SGC was faced with or-
ganized power. It defeated that power and
passed spring rushing.
There were many people ready to bury SGC
Wednesday night, this writer for one. The
result was a surprise and an achievement. It
isn't important that the issue was spring rush-
ing. It could have been anything. The ques-
tion was whether SGC was going to use the
muscle it had, whether its existence was to
become a force which students would have to
Unfortunately, it was the ex-officios who
pushed through this decision. They started
it, debated it, fought for and against it, and
made the difference in the voting. The lacka-
daisical elected membership, with the excep-
tion of one or two, took little part in the ques-
tion, and opposed it five to six in the voting.
The ex-officios voted for the change, five to
Advice on Cycling,...
To the Editor:
THE following information can
be of considerable use to many
of the students on the Michigan
campus who depend on bicycles for
transportation. I see these people,
men and women, struggling up the
gentle slopes of Ann Arbor's
streets on their bicycles, expend-
ing considerable energy for some-
thing that is really very easy. In
Europe, the bicycle is the common
mode of transportation for mil-
lions of people, and there they
have evolved some fundamental
principles for riding a cycle with
minimum of effort.
The first thing the rider should
become aware of is that the
height and forward position of
the saddle, and the height of the
handlebars, are made adjustable
by the manufacturers. For very
good reasons. You wouldn't want
to wear a pair of shoes which
by Dick Bibier
isn't your proper size; it is equally
important that the cycle fit the
When cycling, you use many of
the muscles of your body; not
only your leg muscles, but also
muscles of your back, and arms.
Improper posture when riding
causes backache, leg cramps, andr
a general state of fatigue. Poor
posture when cycling results in
fatigue much more quickly than
it would when walking, or just
standing. Allow your arms to do
part of the work of pedaling up-
hill. This doesn't mean pedaling
with your hands, it means using
When you sit on your bike, your
back should be as straight and
inclined at an angle of approx. 30
degrees to the vertical. If you
have to hunch over to reach the
handlebars, the saddle -should be
moved forward. The distance be-
tween handlebars and saddle can
be adjusted to thq individual rid-
When pedaling, the leg should
be fully extended when the pedal
reaches the bottom of the down-
stroke. This is extremely import-
ant, for it gives the leg muscles
chance to relax with each stroke.
If this is not accomplished, your
leg muscles will soon develop a
cramp. So you must adjust the
saddle to the proper height. Most
inexperienced riders have the
saddle much too low.
With these simple adjustments
projerly made, you'll find cycling
more a pleasure than a chore. One
more thing-keep all the moving
parts well oiled. Happy cycling.
--Howard Crandeel, '56E
Denies Authorship . ,
To the Editor:
IT HAS BEEN called to my at-
tention (by faculty members,