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March 01, 1956 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1956-03-01

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Summary of- Eisenhower
TV-Radio Address
See Page 4

L

Latest Deadline in the State

&titAt

WARMER

VOL. LXV No. 99 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, MARCH 1, 1956
University ofAlabama Ordered o mi

SIX PAGES
f Nero

"

Judge Rules
Void Motion
Of Contempt
In Good Faith'
Trustees 'Acted
BIRMINPHAM, Ala. (5)-Feder-
al District Court Judge H. Hobart
(Grooms yesterday ordered Auth-
erine Lucy, 26-year-old Negro, re-
admitted to the University of Ala-
bama by 9 a.m. March 5.
'At the same time the judge va-
cated a contempt motion against
4 13 university trustees and officials
on' the grounds that they had
acted Wednesday in good faith.
r"
Barred For 'Own Safety'
The former school teacher was
barred from the all-white univer-
sity campus for her own safety and
the safety of others after some
3,000 students and outsiders rioted
Feb. 6.
The petition for a court order
granting Miss Lucy dormitory and
dining room facilities on the cam-
pus of the 125-year-old school was
taken under advisement.
Judge Grooms prefaced his de-
cision by saying, "There are some
people who . believe this court
should carve out a province, man
the battlement .. and defy the
U.S. Supreme Court." He added:
"This court always acts in ac-
cordance with the U.S. Supreme
Court"
In ordering Miss Lucy's return,
Judge Grooms said "this court
does not conclude that the law
enforcement agencies in this state
have broken down."
He said he found that the Uni-
versity of Alabama and the trus-
tees had "underestimated ... the
fury of the mob and were unpre-
pared .u.-
'Acted in Good Faith'
He ed, however, that in bar-
ring Miss Lucy following the riots
he found the trustees "acted in
good faith."
Earlier an Alabama state judge
testified that he believed the 26-
year-old Negro coed from Birm-
lngham would be killed if she at-
tempted to return to the campus.
Israelian
Government
Discussed
Chairman of the sociology de-
partment of Israel's Hebrew Uni-
versity, S. N. Eisenstadt, yesterday
weighed the developments and
strong points in economic and po-
litical stability in Israel against
developing stresses and strains.
"The growth of bureaucracy may
impede development of incentives
for economic activity, but at the
same time it may also facilitate
economic development in that it
guarantees a minimum level of
security in the society," he said.
Eisenstadt, presently at the
Center for Advanced Studies in
the Behaviorial Sciences near
Stanford University, California,
has achieved an international
reputation for his work in con-
nection with research on the im-
migrant faction in Israel and on
the position of young people in
Israel.

He graduated from Hebrew
University at Jerusalem and did
post-graduate work at London's
School of Economics.
I 1 Students
Petitioning
For SGC Posts
After four days of petitioning,
eleven students have expressed
their desires to run for Student
Government Council.
These candidates, two of whom
are petitioning for re-election, will
be campaigning for seven open
Council positions.
Petitioning ends next week and

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

Minimum Hourly
Wage Into Effect

EISE

H0

ER

CoI

FIDE

T

By MARY ANN THOMAS

.i

The $1 minimum hourly wage goes into effect today.
Passed at the end of the last session of Congress in August, the
new law will put in an extra $560 million annually for approximately
two million workers.
The law applies only to businesses engaged in interstate commerce,
Prof. William Haber of the economics department explained.
"Most employees whose wages will be boosted are in the South,"
Prof. Haber continued. Of 780,000 textile workers in that part of the
country, 34 per cent earn less than "
$1 an hour, and of 400,000 furni- tPT~E
ture workers and lumbermen,671 TAKES FAST FLU
per cent are now paid less than
the new minimum wag. T T

OF

PE RFORI

I

C

DUTIES

GHT IN T-33 JET:
Major to ' 4 Minutes

Sees No Political Effect
Prof. John P. White of the poli
tical science department foresa
no clear political effect in th
wage boost. "When the bill wa
being debated in Congress," Pro
White commented, "a number o
Southern Senators opposed it be
cause they feared it would ten
to discriminate against the South.
"In the past," he continued, in
dustries have been attracted to th
South by the appeal of low wag
expenditures and relatively lo
unionization."
May Wipe Out Small Businesse
Prof. White agreed that margi
nal operators may be forced ou
of business because the increase
expense may wipe out their prof
its, but "they do not have enoug
political strength to reverse th
law."
A coalition of unions and a
sizeable business group favore
the new minimum wage, he com
mented, and it was largely a bi,
partisan bill.
Introduced originally by Sen
H. Alexander Smith, (R-N.J.) wh
called for a 90 cent minimum hour.
ly wage, the final compromise bil
passed the House by 362-54. Labo
had originally asked for a $1.2
wage minimum.
No 21st
The Pretzel-Bell was quiet last
night for the first time in fou
years. There was not one birthday
party, according to manager Ray-
mond Koppa.
Leap-year day coming once
every four years prevents anyone
from celebrating his twenty-first
birthday on that unless they are
84 years old. It was the first time
since Koppa's two years of man-
agement that there was no party,
"We probably will put up a re-
ward next time for anyone who
can prove that he is 84 years old,"
Koppa said.
He ascert ned that the odds of
such a thing happening yesterday
were 2,33,000-1.
Johnson fl
Testimorn
By DICK HALLORAN
The prosecuting and defense at-
torney's in the Johnson iuirder
trial completed their respective
cases yesterday.
Today each counsel will present
his concluding argument after
which the jury will be charged by
presiding Judge James R. Break-
ey, 'Jr.
The defendant, Harold A. John-
son, accused of shooting to death
his one-year-old daughter on the
night of Jan. 9, has submitted a
plea of not guilty by reason of in-
sanity. Also killed that same eve-
ning were his wife and three year
old daughter.
Carron Testifies
Earlier yesterday Dr. Dean P.
Carron, an Ann Arbor psychiatrist,
testified, in response to defense
counsel Ralph C. Keyes hypotheti-
cal question, that an assumed per-
son with personal characteristics
similar to those ascribed to John-
son, could or might have been suf-
fering from a mental derangement
at the time of the slaying.
Such derangement would have
rendered the subject psychotic
and may have overcome his ability
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wayne
By RICHARD TAUB
. . I do hereby for myself,
heirs, executors, and administra-
tors, remise, release, and forever
discharge., the government of the
U.S., and all its officers and agents
from any and all claims, de-
mands, action, or causes of action
on account of my death... ."
This was the only document this
reporter had to sign, before a ride
in a T-33 jet plane of the 107th
fighter intercepter. squadron of the
Air National Guard, but it did
have a stunning psychological ef-
fect.
However, the guard does even
more toemake the prospective
passenger feel at ease. Next comes
seat ejection instruction.
"First put your feet in the stir-
rups. I'll release the canopy. Then
pull up the left arm rest, the right
one and squeeze the lever.
Opened For Last Three
"After the seat is thrown up
over the tail, release yourself, jump
free, making sure you get clear of
the seat so that it doesn't hit you.
Then -pull your ripcord. Pull it
all the way outrand then throw it
away. And don't worry, the chutes
have opened for the last three guys
who tried them."
The canopy closed, the roar of
the engines turned to a whine, and
the passenger was pushed back
into his seat as the plane shot down

the runway at more than
M.P.H. Then the jet was off
ground.

100
the

President Feels He Can
Carry On 'Indefinitely'
'If Party Chooses To Nominate Me,
I Shall Accept'-Radio, TV Speech
WASHINGTON (P)--President Dwight D. Eisenhower declared
last night there isn't the slightest doubt he can perform presidential
duties now as well as ever-and "I shall accept" a second term nomi-
nation.
President Eisenhower had announced the great political decision
to a news conference this morning-five months and five days after
his Sept. 24 heart attack.
Possibly a Greater Risk
Last night he told the American people he is a President under
"restrictions" and "may possibly _

Fast Elevator
The rapid ascent created a feel-
fe-ing similar to that of a fast ele-
vator, a very fast elevator.
Below, a large airliner was
coming into Willow Run. It seemed
to be going sideways and back-
ward at the same time. Off to
one side, the Detroit River, spark-
ling in the sunlight, disappeared
over the horizon more than fifteen
miles away.
Campus Flashes By
Then the plane straightened out
and again all was serene. It takes
about four minutes to reach Ann
Arbor from Wayne Major, the
home of the 107th squadron. The
ground rushed up at a dizzy rate
and campus flashed by.
The only time the flight isn't
smooth is at low altitudes. Then
the plane bumps along somewhat
like a jogging pony. The football-
like helmets the pilots wear pre-
vent them from smashing their
heads on the canopy on such oc-
casions.
Horizon Does Flip Flops
The plane then headed back to-
ward Wayne Major. The horizon
did flip-flops as the pilot, Captain
Jack Stegeman, wove and turned.
A buzz around the air-port and
again the rapid descent. Sudden-
ly the plane was on the ground
and the ride was over.

-Daily-Vern Soden
T-33 JET of ,he 107th fighter intercepter squadron of the Air
National Guird soars above the Detroit area in fast flight from
Wayne Major Airport to Ann Arbor and return. Plane does
speeds well over 550 mph.
Staebler Not Surprised
At President's Decision

l

t

SGC Recommends Study
Of University Counseling
By DICK SNYDER

Unanimous approval was given a motion recommending a study
of "all elements of the University counseling program" at last night's
Student Government Council meeting.
Areas to be studied include cooidination between various coun-
seling programs, central location for counseling facilities, a plan per-
mitting juniors and seniors to sign their own academic election cards
and a phamphlet describing coun-
seling facilities available.
'56Council President Hank Berliner,
action a manifestation of contih-
ued student concern in the coun-
seling area. It also marks the
concern of SGC with the educa-
tional portion of student life."
question were the happenings of Calls For Student Membersm
Jan. 9, including, as Johnson The motion, passed in the form
claims, that the first shot which of a recommendation to Vice-Pres-
struck his wife was accidental. ident for Student Affairs James A.
Johnson's narrative of what Lewis, requests establishment of a
happenedson the evening of the committee with at least two stu-
tragedy as related by him in in- dentmembers m addition to rep-
terviews on Feb. 10 and 26 was resentatives from such counseling
also outlined by Dr. Carron. units as Psychological Services,
Johnson said that after cleaning academic counselors and Health
the automatic pistol which his Service.
wife had insisted be in the house It calls for a 'formal report" to
for her protection while he was SGC no later than the fifth week
away on business, 'he had worked of the 1956 fall semester,
the slide twice to be sure that any In other action last night, the
cartridge in the chamber was Council approved sending of a
ejected. letter to the University of Ala-
Shoots Wife bama Student Government ex-
While playing with the weapon, pressing SGC's opinion and en-
it went off, the bullet striking his couragement on the incident aris-
wife. His daughter, who had been ing from the University's refusal
watching television, went crying to admit Negro student Autherine
to her mbther's side and pleaded Lucy following a student riot.
with her to "wake up." Encourages Integration
At this time, Johnson says, he The letter commends Alabama's
went to pieces, was engulfed with Student Government for "its unan-
a feeling that he couldn't live any- imous condemnation of mob vio-
longer, that his wife was lonely lence" and encourages it "to work
and that the only way for the toward integration both on the
family to remain together was to campus and in the larger civic
join her in death. community."
Johnson told Dr. Carron that SGC also passed a motion giving
he then shot his oldest daughter sponsorship of the annual home-
coming dances to the Union and

Democratic State Chairman Neil
Staebler, last evening at the Union,
said he wasn't shocked by Presi-
dent Eisenhower's second term an-
nouncement,hand then proceeded
to present the "Democratic case"
for November.
Speaking before the Young Dem-
ocrat's first meeting of the semes-
ter, Staebler listedl the issues, in
order of importance, the Demo-
crats will pursue during the next
eight months:-
Although laveling foreign policy
as issue number one, the Ann
Arbor businessuan began by say-
ing that President Eisenhower's
health would be a factor in the
election.
Veep Nominee An Issue
"It will be a question to the
voter whether they want a part-
time President or not, and in con-
nection with this, the ability of
the vice-presidential nominee will
be a political issue," revealed
Staebler.
"In India we have worried about
how capital improvement there
would hurt the business interests

in this country," charged Staebler.
He blamed' incidences such as this
for losing the United States friends
in Europe, India, and the Far
East.
'Doing Nothing for Farmer'
"Window dressing" was Staeb-
ler's opinion of the GOP position
regarding federal aid to schools,
public housing, and the farm prob-
lem. "The GOP is now spending
$2,500,000 telling the farmer what
they have done for him. The
simple fact is that farm income is
down and the GOP is trying to
weasel out of Eisenhower's 100%-
of -parity speech at Casson, Minne-
sota. Ike may be including the
farmer in his prayers, but he's not
doing anything for him."
In a surprising statement, Staeb-
ler candidly expressed that, "as we
get close to the election, there is
quite a possibility that the South
may break away from the Demo-
cratic party."
The YD's postponed their sched-
uled elections until the next meet-
ing.

be a greater risk than is the nor-
mal person of my age."
But he added:
"As of this moment, there is
not the slightest doubt that I now
can perform as well as I ever
have, all of the important duties
of the President because I am ac-
tually doing so and have been do-
ing so for many weeks ...
"So far as I am concerned, I
am confident that I can carry
them indefinitely."
'I Shall Accept'
"Therefore," he said, "If the Re-
publican party chooses to renomi-
nate me, I shall accept."
President Eisenhower addressed
the people by radio and TV to lay
down the terms on which he can
and is willing to serve them for an
additional four years. - The Voice
of America spread his, words
throughout the world over 78 giant
radio transmitters.
President Eisenhower ticked off
the restriction under which he
would have to operate-a reduced
and shared work load, a curtailed
social and ceremonial schedule,
regular exercise, recreation and
rest, and no campaign in the tradi-1
tional style.;
In a quick comment on the1
speech, Sen. Hubert Humphrey (D-
Monn.) declared:
'Part-Time President'
"It seems like Mr. Eisenhower
is planning a part-time campaign
to become a part-time president."
But Sen. George Aiken (R-Vt.)
said of the President's remars:
"I don't believe you would *get
such frankness as that out of any
other capital in the world. I doubt
that we've ever had such refresh-]
ing frankness before from our own
capital.,
No 'Barn-Storming' President
For his reelection campaign,
President Eisenhower ruled out
any "barnstorming" -or "whistle-a
stop speaking." He said he had
decided on that long ago.
Rather, he said, he would resort]

LAST MINUTE RUSH:
Crowd Gathers To. Purchase '56 Plates

i i:i: is y . _:

EISENHOWER
... Second Term?

to mass communications-TV and
radio and the press ,-to tell the
people about his program, what
has and hasn't been done and what
he intends to do.
And, the President added, if
delegates to the Republican na-
tional convention decide they
should have a more active nominee,
he would accept such a decision
cheerfully.
Rubinstei
To Perform
Arthur Rubinstein, who will
play at 8:30 p.m. today in Hill
Auditorium, confesses that his
first fee was a huge box of choco-
lates.
Bribed by the bon-bons at the
age of six, in his native Warsaw,
he sat down at the piano before
his first audience and played a
Mozart Sonata. Five years later,
the great violinist Joachim, friend
of Mendelssohn, Brahms, Schu-
mann and Liszt, made one of his
last public appearances to ,present
the prodigy to the musical world
of Berlin. I
The composer Saint-Saens pre-
sented Rubinstein to the Concert
Society of Paris.
Rubinstein was sixteen when he
first came to America. He was not
received kindly by the critics and
after playing 75 concerts in three
months he returned to Europe.
For several years afterwards
Rubinstein played no concerts at,
all. He had devoted the years to
study and "to hurdling the great-
est obstacle .in the path of a prod-
igy, that of shedding my' Matur-
ity." This he succeeded in doing,
making the classic and modern
repertoire his own and establish-
ing his personal and pianistic
freedom.
Bus Service
May Cease

_.
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3
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By JIM SMITH;
The crowd grew steadily yester-
day at the Michigan Secretary of
State branch office in Marshall's,
bookstore as the deadline grew
near for purchasing 1956 license
plates.
As one approached the rear of1
the store, he was greeted by a
mass ofrpeople and license plate
application forms. The table near
the license windows was piled high
with various forms.
It was the applicant's job to de-
termine which one to use, then
proceed to fill it out. The table
grew so crowded people were forc-
ed to look elsewhere for a place
to fill out the many blanks,
The three windows for dispens-
ing the licenses had been plagued
with long lines all day. A fourth
window to take care of problems
was also busy.

a plate with a number close to the
one he wanted.
In he went. A little while later
he came by bearing his prize:
number 2500.
The air was filled with nervous-
ness as persons feverishly tried to
decide what form to fill out, how
to fill it out, and whom to fill it
out.

Two young men stood around
for quite a period of time before
they decided to who should register
the license. Others tried to deter-
mine whether they would need a
duplicate of the license.
The main reason most people
waited until the last day was just
that they had procrastinated.*.

ry .
' AffiEff

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