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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
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JNDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: ERNEST THEODOSSIN
Women's Honoraries Confused
In Finding Campus Role
~i ; .
op ~ .~
TV REVIEW AND PREVIEW:
'Comedy Hour' Finally
Hitting Comedy Formula
By LARRY EINHORN
Daily Television Writer
THE NBC "Comedy Hour," although still lagging far behind the Ed
Sullivan competition, has finally come up with a show that con-
When it first came into existance last January the "Comedy Hour"
was a jumbled-up mess with Leo Durocher acting as host. Since
then the NBC idea men have been constantly juggling the show and
last week emerged with a laugh-evoking production.
They have apparently discarded the idea of presenting onlyfairly
unknown comedians and have now employed some of the old masters
of comedy such as Ben Blue who was seen last week. Some of the
new talent who have proven to be worthy, of the show, like Stan Free-
berg and Jonathan Winters, still remain.
Some new format ideas have also been employed. Regular fea-
tures of the show now include blackouts, joke of the week with Peter
Donald and a television comedy classic of the past in the form of a
film clip from the NBC film files.
There will probably be more rearranging within the next few
months and then possibly the "Comedy Hour" will once again become
URING the past semester, two of the three
senior women's honoraries have considered
isions of their constitutions, one group hav-
already completed the process. This has
en an impetus for discussion in the groups
to the aims and purposes of the honoraries,
hough such a need has been felt for quite
3ehind this attempt at soul-searching lies
basic confusion among the members of Mor-
board, Scroll and Senior Society as to the
rpose of women's honoraries. In the final
alysis, there are two alternatives ope to
em. Unfortunately, the three groups have
en groping around in the great void between
e two for too long a time.
On the one hand, the purpose of an honor-
v is to recognize the achievement of women
o have excelled in their service to the Uni-
sity community through extra-curricular
ivities. If the three organizations bblieve
s to be the sole purpose of honoraries, and
not want their activities to extend beyond
then they should simply meet once a se-
ster to choose new members.
As an alternative, the group can, once it has
n formed, meet more frequently and take
ive part in the life of the University com-
nity. The groups have aimed in this direc-
n, but have not reached it.
the activities-other than those relating
tapping-- have centered around raising
ney for scholarships. One after another,
groups have set up scholarship funds, an
ivity which has led to a great deal of com-
ition among the three to collect the needed
ds. Not only do the members, busy with
ir extra-curricular and scholastic activi-
,have little time tb spend selling note paper
3 collecting funds in a similar manner, but
re are not many opportunities open to the
ups by which they can collect $100 each.
nstead of three separate scholarships, it
ild be much more realistic if they worked
ether for one-of perhaps $250-and in this
Y, be more successful.
HIS brings up the question of whether or
not there is a need for three separate sen-
Women's honoraries. Three separate
rches for members are conducted--Mortar-
rd for women with at least a 3.1 average,
ol for affiliates who have done "outstand.
ing" work, and Senior Society for unaffiliated
women with the same qualifications. As a re-
sult, it has become quite obvious that almost
any woman who remains in some type of
extra-curricular activity through her senior
year, and has achived a leading post, will even-
tually be elected into the honorary for which
The prime purpose of the honorary is to
honor those who have been "outstanding." But,
with the present set-up, there is little dis-
crimination. With one group slightly larger
than any single group at present, more selec-
tivity would be demanded, and a more de-
serving few would become members. In a case
such as this, there should be either one hon-
orary, or no honoraries, but not numerous hon-
The problem still remains: what can they
do? Going beyond scholarship funds, charity
and volunteer work has been suggested. But
if the members are as busy as they should be,
they will not have the time for this.
What can be done is in the form of sponsor-
ing lectures, meetings and discussion groups,
for one. This can involve the examination of
pertinent campus and local, or even national
and international, issues either at separate
meetings or at combined meetings. But it can
be extended to the University as a whole. Set-
ting up Panhel discussions would not involve
a lot of work on the part of the sponsoring
group, but general discussions in which the
subject under consideration is thrown open to
the audience, are also successful.
F THE NEED for discussion and debate is so
prominent, and the stimulus so latent, per-
haps more on this order would enliven the
But the fact remains that there is an ob-
vious need for improvement, a more unwilling-
ly expressed need for purpose, and an even
more obscured need for integration. The pres-
ent re-examining of purpose and aim is a
good thing, and should take place with greater
frequency. After the primary considerations
have been made, perhaps the three groups will
take more active steps to choose one alterna-
tive or another. It's.time they stopped flound-
ering between the two.
-LOUISE TYOR, Associate Editor
j S - .t. su., a5 "a t
- t . 4. .. . xA.
WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND: r
Two Views On Ike Running
By DREW PEARSON
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
FROM the speeches of the Soviet leaders at
the Communist Party Congress last week
one can learn a lot about what they mean by
"competitive co-existence." They mean, as I
understand them, that having first broken
the Western monopoly on nuclear weapons,
they have now broken also the Western mono-
poly of economic leadership in the develop-
ment of under-developed countries. They have
become fully "competitive," and they can no
longer be "contained" at the frontiers of the
Middle East, South Asia, Africa, and it may
also be, Latin America.
It is, as competitors that they mean to "co-
exist" with'us, slaving nothing to gain by war,
having everything to lose. ,f
To this recently achieved competitive power
of the Soviet Union, the nations within their
reach are reacting by moving towards positions
which are variously described as "neutralist,"
as "nonaligned," or as "middle." This means
the progressive dissolution of the ring of con-
taining states, which was put together by Mr.
Acheson and following him by Mr. Dulles, in
the preceding phase of the cold war.
When observers speak, as I for one do, of
U.S. foreign policy having become frozen, out
of touch with the changing realities, I mean
that we have as yet failed to adapt our policy
to meet the new competitive power of the
If we compare the year 1947 with the year
1955, thinking of the U.S.S.R. as a competitor
in the .world, the difference' is striking. In
1947 we first launched the idea of the Mar-
Dave Baad .......................... Managing Editor
Jim Dygert ............................. City Editor
Murry Frymer ...................... Editorial Director
Debra Durchslag ................... Magazine Editor
David Kaplan ?. ."........".."". Feature Editor
Jane Howard ........ ................ Associate Editor
Louise Tyor .......................... Associate Editor
Phil Douglis ............................ Sports Editor
Alan Eisenberg ....,........... Associate Sports Editor
Jack Horwitz .....,.......... Associate Sports Editor
Mary Helltbaler . ...................Women's Editor
Elaine Edmonds ........... Associate Women's Editor
John Hirtzel ...................... Chief Photographer
Dick Alstrom ....................... Business Manager
Bob Ilgenfrit .......... Associate Business Manager
shall Plan, offering to discuss it with all the
old allies, including the 'U.S.S.R. Mr. Molotov
attended the first meeting in Paris and then
walked out of it, declaring that the U.S.S.R.
would have no part in a scheme which was
bound to be dominated by the United States.
He acted on orders from Stalin who, we may
suppose, realized that American economic pow-
er would at that time have made the Soviets
look small and unimportant.
THE RESULT was that for several years, al-
most eight, the Vestern countries and par-
ticularly the United States, were the sole sup-
pliers of capital to the non-Communist na-
tions. There was nowhere else that these
countries could turn.
By 1955, that is ,by last year, the Western
monopoly of the capital market was broken
by the Soviet Union. No doubt, the Soviet
Union has not yet made capital contributions
on anything like the scale of our own. The
crux of the matter is, however, that the Soviet
Union has become a competitor, and that,
though suspect in many quarters, the Soviet
Union is nevertheless being welcomed. Egypt
in the affair of the Aswan Dam has shown
what this competition can do. We are going
to finance the Aswan Dam, which we would
have been very slow indeed about financing if
we had not been prodded by the fear that the
Soviet Union would step in and finance it.
Under these competitive conditions, it is be-
coming increasingly impossible for the United
States to ,get in return for its economic aid
military agreements, political pledges, or even
the acceptance of our economic and financial
terms. The new situation is one that cannot
be met simply by appropriating a lot of new
money for foreign aid. It demands a radical
re-examination, a deep re-thinking, of all our
current conceptions of foreign aid.
IN THE YEAR 1947, we may also remind our-
selves, the United States had a monopoly
of nuclear weapons. This meant that the doc-
trine of massive deterrence worked only one
way: it pinned down the Red Army and the
armistice lines of 1945, and it was safe to en-
circle the Soviet Union with bomber bases.'
Now, the Soviet Union has nuclear weapons
and the means of delivering them against the'
bomber bases. That is the underlying reason
why a tide of military neutralism has set in
throughout the whole vast semi-circle from
Japan to Scandinavia. At the party congress
RANDOLPH Churchill, son of
the famed Prime Minister of
England, and Jimmie Roosevelt,
son of the famed late President of
the United States, both dined at
my house not long ago, and both
discussed the question that has
been on everyone's mind: "Will
Eisenhower run again?"
Their view was unanimous-that
he would run. They based it some-
what on the same premises.
Having watched two famous
world leaders in the White House
and at No. 1 Downing Street, they
said that something comes over a
man in this position which makes
him determined and dedicated to
carry on. They become imbued
with the desire to fulfill their
goals, winning the war, later win-
ning world peace, later, in Church-
ill's case, bringing about a summit
meeting and improving relations
between the East and West.
There was not the slightest
doubt in the minds of young
Rosevelt and young Churchill that
Eisenhower would run again.
IT'S A GOOD bet that one spec-
ial luncheon engagement to be
held at the White House soon will
be in honor of the 19 GOP Con-
gressmen who signed a round-
robin plea on Washington's birth-
day in 1952 to Eisenhower to run
for President of the United States.
He was then in Paris.
Ever since that day, these 19
Congressmen, plus two other orig-
inal Ikemen, Sherman Adams and
Gen. W. B. (Slick) Persons, have
an annual reunion around this
time of year with the President.
None of the other GOP personages
on the Hil-not even Joe Martin
or Vice President Nixon-is in-
cluded. among these select guests.
This year's reunion has special
significance because the Original
round-robin signers are divided as
to whether Ike should be pressur-
ed into seeking a second term.
W. Sterling Cole (R. N.Y.) ang-
rily denounced such pressures in
a House speech some weeks ago.
He said the matter was a personal
one, that nobody had any right
to put heat on Ike to run just for
the sake of keeping the Republican
Party in power.
Some others in the group, not-
ably ex-GOP National Chairman
Hugh R. Scott, Jr. (Pa,). and John,
W. Heselton (Mass.) feel the same
way. This is especially significant
in Scott's case because he faces an
uphill re-election fight this year
in Philadelphia which has been
drifting Democratic. He would be
helped immeasurably if Ike runs
REP. BRADY GENTRY (D.,
Tex.) is dead set against the 48
states using any federal highway
aid to reimburse telephone and
power companies for the cost of
moving their poles when the new
interstate highway system is built.
Gentry was Chairman of the
Texas State Highway Commission
from 1936 to 1946 and knows what
the score is when it comes to mod-
The question of reimbursing the
utilities is being fought tooth and
nail in the House Roads Sub-
committee, where some Congress-
men want Uncle Sam to pay the
utilities whenever state laws per-
Last year such a provision was
stricken from the Fallon Highway
Bill, but this year the utility lob-
byists are determined to try again.
Gentry is also dead set against
the new Boggs Financing Plan to
tax motorists at the same rate as
* * *
"THESE BIG TRUCKS virtually
make the four-lane roads nec-
essary," says Gentry. "With the
big lumbering things blocking the
pavement, you can't even move
on a two-lane road any more."
Gentry points out that it costs
35 per cent more to build the four-
lane roads, "yet the minute you
get that done, these big trucks
come along and chew them out."
Gentry believes taxes should be
levied according to weight per
axle, this being the only fair meas-
ure of a vehicle's wear and tear
on the road.
Citing the effectiveness of the
Trucking Lobby, Gentry points
out how it has persuaded state
legislatures to override their own
Highway Departments by raising
maximum load limits on state
The Bureau of Public Roads of
the federal government recom-
mends a maximum load of 72,000
pounds. Yet 12 states now have
maximums in excess of that
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicatenc.)
New Books at Library
Foley, Martha-The Best Ameri-
can Short Stories of 1955; Boston,
Houghton Mifflin, 1955.
Keene, Donald - Anthology of
Japanese Literature; N.Y., Grove
public of Letters; N.Y., Alfred
Leithauser, Joachim G.-Worlds
Beyond the Horizon; N.Y., A.
McCague, James--The Big Ivy;
N.Y., Crown Pub., 1955.
McLoughlin, Wm. G.-Billy Sun-
day Was His Real Name; Chicago,
U. of Chicago Press, 1955.
Nye, Russel B.-William Lloyd
Garrison and the Humanitarian
Reformers; Boston, Little, Brown
& Co., 1955.
a serious threat to the popularity
of "The Ed Sullivan Show."
* * *
THE CRYSTAL ball of television
contains many varied items on
which to comment. Bing Crosby,
in making one of his rare appear-
ances on television, will star in
"High Tor" a musical production
co-starring Nancy Olson and Julie
Andrews on the "Ford Star Jubi-
lee" on March 10.
A special "See It Now" docu-
mentary, "Egypt and Israel" will
be seen on March 13 over the CBS
network. Besides showing films
of the troubled Middle East Ed-
ward R. Murrow will interview Is-
real's Premier David Ben-Gurion.
Egypt's Premier Gamal Nasser
will also be queried on the pro-
The week of March 17 will be
the big week for "award time."r
The Emmy Awards, the Academy
Awards for the television industry,
will be seen on March 17. And on
March 21 the winners of the Oscars
will be made public on television,
Jerry Lewis will emcee the latter
Incidently, Lewis was also asked
to emcee the Emmy show but em-
phatically declined the offer. He,
is very disgusted. over the fact
that in all the years of the awards
Martin and Lewis have never even
been nominated for having the
best comedy show on television.
And then they ask him to present
LOUIS G. COWAN, the creator
of the "$64,000 Question," has a
new show which will be called the
"$64,000 Challenge." It will be seen
on Sunday nights immediately pre-
ceeding "What's WMy Line" start-
ing March 25.
Another show which will be
under the same sponorship as
"Question" will be "The Most
Beautiful Girl in the World.".This
show, which will probably begin
in the summer, will be television's
answer to the Miss America con-
test and will surpass all present
give-away shows by making the
Come next fall Herb Shriner
will vacate "Two For The Money"
and begin his own full hour var-
iety show,. which will probably be
seen on Friday nights.!
* * *
IN THE MORE immediate fut-
ure, tonight at 7:30 will mark Imo-
gene Coca's return to television in
a ninety minute spectacular spoof-
ing television entitled "Panorama."
Max Liebman, Miss Coca's old
boss, will also present Bill Hayes,
the Baird puppets, Eileen Bar-
ton, Johnny Desmond, Tony Ran-
dall and Bambi Lynn and Rod
Alexander. The program will pre-
sent satires on such shows as
"Wide, Wide World" and also take
pokes at television commercials.
At the same time CBS will have
the "Jack Benny Show" and "The
Ed Sullivan Show" in competition.
Sullivan's special guests will be
Fred Waring and the Pennsylvan-
ians, Lillian Roth, Nick Noble and,
cartoonist Al Capp
To the Editor:
T H3IS afternoon we were shocked
to see a display of vulgar com-
mercialism in this so-called "lib-
While walking through Mason
Hall we were confronted by (and
how could we help but be) a gigan-
tic display extolling the virtues of
the Chevrolet Motor Corporation.
But those who were unfortunate
enough to miss the "fishbowl fias-
co" need not have worried. There
was yet another surprise awaiting
them; a traveling billboard-an-
other example of the free adver-
tising which this University so
graciously extends to the General
If educational value is General
Motor's justification for this, there
are perhaps more modest ways of
As a world-reknowned political
scientist once said: "It's things
like this that make people vote for
the Democratic Party!"
--Pat Ehrhardt, '59A
Donna Menold, '59
Rebecca Weiner, '59
To the Editor:
R E: movie review "Jane Has
Good Script," Feb. 23.
I have a sister, Charlotte, who
wrote a book once, too. She called
it Wuthering Heights.
--Lynn Zimmerma , '56
No Harvard Hazing...
To the Editors:
IN reference to an article by Mr.
A writer for a newspaper owes a
responsibility to his readers for
the accuracy of his facts. Harvard
does not have fraternities. There
are about a dozen clubs to which
6% to 10% of the students belong.
These clubs serve the main pur-
pose of housing a bar. No students
live at the clubs, and the most
serious hazing to take place is the
buying of a round of drinks.
Robert Knauss, '59L
PAPER HITS NORTHERN 'PUNDITS':
Claims Segregation Goes Beyond Intellect
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following
editorial is reprinted in its entirety
from the University of North Carolina
Daily Tar Heel.)
IN THE wake of the Miss Lucy
incident in Alabama, our college
press contemporaries from north
of Mason and Dixon are beginning
to beat their drums a bit harder
on the segregation issue. What
they say is admirable, as abstract
and purely intellectual comentary.
But after reading some of their
journalistic crimes against the
southern situation, the conclusion
is inescapable that the commen-
tators are in command of neither
fact nor feeling on the issue.
The segregation issue, as part of
all its complex, ramifications, is an
intellectual issue. There are few
codes of ethics, religion, or logic
which don't contradict segregation.
But editorial writers outside the
south seem either unwilling or un-
able to look beyond the intellectual
the North think, a matter of over-
coming mistaken codes of ethics.
If it were that easy, we would have
made much faster progress toward
de-segregation than we have.
If it were that easy, the Miss
Lucy incident, with all its stones
and eggs, would not have taken
place. If it were that easy, we
would not have to witness North
Carolina's attorney general, Mr.
William Rodman, arguing before
the Supreme Court for a reversal
of the Supreme Court decision.
,3 * ' -
IF IT IS inescapable that these
editorializers, these drum beaters,
are not in command of the fact,
it is equally inescapable that they
have given human history a very
poor reading. If they had given
this history a more careful read-
ing, they would see that events
have been controlled as much by
man's perverted will as by his in-
edly done in sheer stupidity, but
the basic human problem is the
constant expression of the self's
will-to-power, pride, and avar-
ice . . .
We think we have detected
echoes from the North of a vague
Northern sacrosanctity. The Con-
necticut University Daily Campus
". . . We at the University of
Connecticut can only profess our
shame at being a member of an
educational system in which such
things (as the Miss Lucy inci-
dent) occur . . . We can but pity
(the Alabamans) for refusing to
accept the irrevocable equality of
all men . . . And sadder than
their refusal to accept truth is
their happiness with the riots in
which they participated .. ."
This is a pat and typical com-
ment from the Northern liberal.
Right as it may be, it hardly gets
to the core of the question.
the Connecticut editorial writer.
But Southerners have grown up
with that prejudice: they have
lived with it by the day and by
the week; and eradicatingt that
prejudice will not be a mere edu-
cational venture. Racial tolerance
and enlightenment are not syno-
* * *
ONLY WHEN the South's racial
problems are seen from all quar-
ters with an awareness of their
thousand or so dimensions will
progress begin to shape up where
it will count. Certainly, purely
judicial progress has been made, as
it was made by the Supreme Court
when it reversed the "separate but
equal" doctrine; and as it is being
made every day in the lower courts.
Progress will not be made until all
realize first that no one is exempt
from prejudice of some kind. De-
plorable, stupid, wicked as preju-
dice may be, it plays its part in all
THE Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be in by
2 p.m. Friday.
SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1956
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 12'
President and Mrs. Hatcher will hold
an open house for University faculty,
26, from 4:00 to 6:00 p.m., at the Presi-
staff, and townspeople on Sun., Feb.
Applications for scholarships for the
academic year 1956-57 available in Room
1220 Angell Hall. All applications must
be returned to ;that office by March
12, 1956. Applicants must have had at
least one semester of residence in this
Two classes of beginning fencing will
start in the Boxing Room of the Intr-
mural Bldg. at 4:30 p.m. Tues., and
Wed., Feb. 28 and 29. All interested men
invited. Weapons and major protective
equipment will be provided.
Experienced fencers invited to com-
pete in the Student-Faculty Intramural
fencing competition Wed., Feb. 29, and
5:15 p.m. in the Boxing Room of the
Mathematics Colloquium. Tues., Feb.
28, at 4:10 p.m., in Room 3011 A.H. Dr.