EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
wWho's in Qiarge ilerer
hen Opinions Are Free,
Truth Will Prevail*
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
'URDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1956
NIGHT EDITOR: GAIL GOLDSTEIN
AT THE ORPHEUMs
So SELDOM does the screen produce a Shakespearean work, that
indeed most filmings of the master's plays are worth seeing, if only
because they are rare occurences.
Orson Welles' production of "Othello," the most recent Shake-.
spearean cinematic effort, might perhaps be taken as a notable ex-
ception to the foregoing rule. It is an example of what can happen
when a director forgets Shakespeare's genius and relies too heavily
upon his own.
It is not chiefly the actors who impair the film in question. Mr.
Welles' Othello may not suggest a "constant, loving, noble nature,"
but it is powerful. Suzanne Cloutier's Desdemona is lucid and beauti-
ful. And Michael MacLiamoire's Iago is often very exciting, though
somewhat too diabolical to suggest how Othello could term him "full
of love and honesty."
FURTHERMORE, though the cuts-the screen, even the stage,
demands cuts in Shakespeare-sometimes get out of hang (e.g., Oth-
ello's trust of Iago is never adequately developed), these alone could
not destroy "Othello." %
What does destroy it is Mr. Welles' infernal camera, that annoying
and persistent camera that simply will not stop acting as if it were in
AN OPERATION following long illness
brought the life of Alice Bogdonoff Silver,
'54, to an untimely end last Sunday in New
York City. She was 22.
Associate Editorial Director of The Daily
two years ago, Alice Silver contributed to this
paper's columns a clearly-conceived liberalism.
As both an individual and a journalist she won
respect for her direct and, honest opinions.
She is remembered as an idealist, believing
impassionately in freedoms of 'speech, press
and intellect. For her these were not "causes,"
but principles on which she wrote prolifically
and with outspoken courage.
Her final editorial, following the Clardy com-
mittee's investigations of the University fac-
ulty, reflects this courage:
' WE WOULD have spent our time elsewhere,"
she wrote, "if we did not believe that this
gap (between ideals of *'educational freedom
and the policies of the University) can be sig-
iiificantly narrowed by students, faculty and
administrators, and that the University of
Michigan will in the future realize its potential
in all areas as one of the finest universities in
To the community she will be remembered
for examples such as this of outspoken liber-
alism. But to those of us who knew her, she
will be remembered for much more-an ap-
pealing warmth, a willingness to work, and a
remarkable faculty for understanding.
-THE SENIOR EDITORS
Brings Campus Thaw
T'S ESTIMATED by reliable sources that
there were in the neighborhood of 16,000 falls
yesterday as students sItruggled to reach morn-
And it's also a reliable estimate that with
most of them came smiles and condolences from
surrounding sympathizers. Despite the blanket
of ice, the Michigan campus was a warmer place
yesterday than it has been in a long time.
Unfortunately with the thaw in the weather
returned the traditional freeze on the campus.
We'll have to wait until the next ice flow before
strangers start talking to each other again.
- ',' ~,16
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
THE AFFAIR of the S
a ludicrous but dama
can happen in a big an
inent when it is not c
administered from the
government has been fac
problem oi arms shipme
On this subject there
conference at the high
President and the Britis
There have been many
arms for the Middle Ea
happen that the State D
ten about its own appr
Saudi Arabian tanks, th
'went was operating wit
mess the shipment of t
cause, once the facts bec
The reason for this
there is no high policy
which comes from the t
all the way down the
making officials to the o
President has not, ofi
command, certainly no
fact not really 'since h
August. Yet it is only
effectively coordinate t
like State and Defense. E
only if at Cabinet meet
makes the heads of the
stand clearly what the
obvious that nothing of
during the past six m
TH LACK of high co
vated by the way M
office of Secretary of St
self as a roving negotia
foreign affairs. He wor
personal negotiation, an
cies to be administered
absence by officials wh
hand what they are. Mr
ington long enough or
command the operatio
The effect, as the Sau
trate, is to leave the imn
government to be operat
on their own notions w
Lions from the top.
The administrative co
or indeed the most seri
way our affairs have 1
the past six months. Thl
the top whose business i
Jim Dygert ................
Murry Frymer ............
Debra Durchslag ..........
David Kaplan .............
Jane Howard .............
Louise Tyor ....a..........
Phl Doglis ...............
Alan Eisenberg ............
Mary Hellthaler "..........
John Hirtel ...............
Dick Astrom ............
Bob Ilgnnrit ........ .
The President's Ordeal
Dy WALTER LIPPMANN
audi Arabian tanks is able, to face up to the new Soviet challenge
ging example of what which has confronted us since the first Geneva
d complicated govern- meeting. The President has been too ill to deal
learly led and firmly with it, and Mr. Dulles has been too preoccupied
top. For months, this with his travels, his negotiations, and his
ed with the dangerous speeches. In these past six months we have
nts to the Middle East. suffered the biggest and most serious setback
has recently been a since the Communist victory in China.
est level between the The fundamental cause of the setback is that
h Prime Minister, the Soviet Union has been developing a new
pronouncements about foreign policy since Geneva whereas we have
st.. How then could it remained frozen and inflexible in the policy of
epartment had forgot- the pre-Geneva period. That is why there is
oval of the sale of the scarcely a country from France and Italy and
at the Defense Depart- Germany and Greece to India and beyond
hout realizing what a where the pro-Western and pro-American par-
hese arms would now ties and politicians are not in trouble. With
ame known? nobody at the top in Washington who can and
incident must be that will take new decisions; our diplomacy is almost
for the Middle East everywhere fighting unattractive rear guard
op and is administered actions.
line from the policy-
perating officials. The IT WOULD be interesting to know who in the
course, been truly in high places where decisions can be taken has
t since his illness, in been putting his mind on the speeches delivered
e went to Denver last last week at the Community Party Congress in
the President who can Moscow. They are very long speeches. But they
wo great departments are exceedingly important. Their common
He can coordinate them theme is that within the Communist world
ings and elsewhere he they have an industrial system which is, in
se departments under- terms of national power, not only in arms but
policy is. It is only too also in the means of capital development, al-
the sort has happened ready reaching equality with the West.
onths., or could have The Soviet leaders have been declaring that
the rate of economic growth in the Soviet
Union surpasses that of all countries, and that,
nmand has been aggra- therefore, they will become a more and more
r. Dulles conceives the formidable competitor in the economic and
ate. He thinks of him- political markets of the world.
tor, who represents the I do not know whether all the statistics that
al authority to conduct were put out last week are correct. But the
k out high problems by world will not doubt the great fact that the
d then leaves the poli- Soviet Union is now the strongest power in
I and operated in his Eurasia. It is this economic fact which accounts
o do not know at first for the extraordinary tone of confidence that
Dulles is not in Wash- pervaded all the speeches made in Moscow last
continuously enough to week. It also explains the ideological and politi-
ns of his department. cal declarations about how Khrushchev and his
di Arabian tanks illus- people expect to win the cold war without
mediate business of the revolutionary violence. They believe that in the
ed by bureau chieftains competition with us for influence in the un-
ithout overhead direc- committed countries, they can make more at-
tractive offers than we are likely to make.
nfusion is not the only, Even if they cannot offer as much economic
ous, consequence of the aid as we could, they will be able to offer
been conducted during more than Congress will allow us to offer.
ere has been nobody at Moreover, whatever they offer, they can offer
t has been, or who was on terms which are politically more attractive
than the terms which Congress insists that we
HEY ARE in a stronger bargaining position
in the uncommitteed nations. For they do
not ask, they do not need to ask, for military
at Staff pacts or their equivalent. They are able to
Managing Editor identify themselves with the popular longing to
.y............C iyEditor remain unentangled. What is more, in the
........ Editorial Director underdeveloped countries, which are by defi-
Magazine Editor nition without capital resources, the govern-
Associate Editor ments must necessarily play the principal role
.......... Associate Editor in capital formation. This suits the socialist
............ Sports Editor ideology of te Russians. It runs at cross pur-
Associate Sports Editor
.. Associate Sports Editor poses with out own anti-socialist ideology.
Women's Editor The new challenge of the Soviet Union is very
. Associate Women's Editor formidable indeed. If we are to meet it, we
,. Chie Photographer shall have to reverse ourselves on a number of
s Staff things which are strongly believed in here. We
.Business Manager shall have to be willing to export capital on a
Associate Business Manager cnsideoahscal. We shall have to be willing
Stoy of Tank-CarryingShipEA
By DREW PEARSON::}
L ATEST WRINKLE in the con-
troversy over 18 tanks to Saudi
Arabia is a question as to whether
they will be received by the Arabs
since they are being shipped on a
Hitherto no vessels owned by
Jews have been permitted in
Egyptian or Arab harbors or any-
where near Egyptian or Arab wat-
The SS James Monroe on which
the 18 tanks are proceeding toa
Jedda is chartered briefly by a
Greek firm, Hellenic Lines, but is
owned by the family of Jacob Mi-
chael, 120 Wall Street, New York,
under a complicated arrangement.
Mr. Michael, a strong Zionist,
would not make himself available
to answer inquiries. Calls to the
Liberian Embassy'and the Liber-
ian Deputy Maritime Commission-
er, Albert J. Rudick, at 261 Madi-
son Ave., also failed to shed much
light on the ownership of the ves-
sel. Officially the ownership was
registered under Seacarriers, Sa.,
a Panamanian firm. But Mr. Rud-
ick said he could not go beyond
that, and besides, he was distrust-
ful of telephone calls.
* * *
THE PANAMANIAN Embassy in
Washington said it was equally in
the dark. The James Monroe sails
under a Liberian flag but is reg-
istered in Panama, thus does not
have to comply with American
wage and safety standards.
After several hours of telephon-
ing, the press relations spokesman
for Jacob Michael called to say
that Mr. Michael did not now own
the vessel, that he had sold it,
and that his attorney, Abraham
I'omerantz, would speak for him.
Mr. Pomerantz stated that Mr.
Michael had once owned the ves-
sel through Seacarriers, Sa., but
had sold it on March 11, 1955.
"IN THAT CASE, he would have
to record the sale with the Mari-
time Administration in Washing-
ton," Mr. Pomerantz was remind-
"That is not necessary."
"Who did he sell the ship to?"
"Mr. Michael cannot reveal this.
He does not wish toembarrass the
other party. He has absolutely no
control over the ship. He cannot
-However, the records of the
Maritime Administration were con-
clusive. They showed that he had
sold or transferred the ship only
to his wife.
ON NOV. 15, 1954, the vessel
was transferred to Panamanian
Registry and Seacarriers, Sa., with
the approval of the Maritime Ad-
Records of the Maritime Ad--
ministration showed that Seacar-
riers was and still is owned by
Mrs. Erna S. Michael and by the
Astra Management Corporation,
which in turn is owned by Mrs.
Michael, and in small part also
by the Polaris Corporation, a
Swiss corporation, which Mrs. Mi-
There was no record of any
other sale or transfer.
In brief, Mr. Michael, if he
transferred the SS James Monroe
at all, transferred it to his wife.
She has now chartered the ship
for a brief period to Hellenic
Lines, which is carrying the. tanks
to Saudi Arabia. But according
to official government records, the
ship is still owned by the Michael
family, and it's barely possible
that the Saudi Arabian govern-
ment, in view of Israeli-Arab bit-
terness, might reject the tanks and
demand that they be delivered in
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Genuine Pleasure ...
To the Editor:-'
SWE HAV k just received the en-
rollment records for the
HEART of THE HOME Classes
which were held in your area re-
cently. We are indeed gratified
with the results obtained and with
the number of persons who at-
tended the classes.
On behalf of the Board of Trus-
tees of the Michigan Heart Asso-
ciation may I take this opportun-
ity to extend our very sincere ap-
preciation for the splendid coop-
eration which you extended to us
in publicizing these classes to your
readers. It was a genuine pleasure
for us to have worked in your
county snd we are looking forward
to the opportunity of working with
you again in the not to distant
-Ernest T. Guy,
Michigan Heart Association
Two Birds .. .
To the Editor:
I AM A VETERAN of four years
Navy service. I thought Dick
Halloran's Sundayeditorial was
pertinent, consistent, and demo-
cratic-a' well written and provo-
cative statement and I am in com-
plete agreement with, it.
I also believe Ann Arbor book
store prices are unreasonable and
that the University should open
its own book store. The Univer-
sity has an obligation to its stu-
dents as well as to Ann Arbor
-Dick orbat, '59A
JGP Thanks.. .
To the Editor:
I WOULD like to thank all the
junior women who showed their
interest in the junior class by
trying out for JGP. It was won-
derful to see that you were all
behind this class project. My only
regret is th'at we could not use all
of you in the show itself, but our
script called for a certain number
of girls who were suited to speci-
fic parts. It is unfortunate that
we had to be limited in this way,
but we were.
-Sue Arnold, '57
Not True Picture...
To the Editor:
THE UNIVERSITY is sponsoring
a program of travelogues, as
part of their educational program
as well as an entertaining one. The
travelogue series started last night
at the Hill auditorium with "A Trip
from Cairo to Baghdad." We the
undersigned, as Arabs from the
State of Egypt, feel obliged to cm-
ment upon the show in an effort
to enlighten the sponsor and the
The movie is misinforming and
very abusing to the efforts of the
Arab people towards progress, be-
sides being discouraging to bring
about a better understanding of
our problems. It also is very de-
grading to the American minds if
it is assumed that seeing is be-
lieving. Such a fruitless effort on
behalf of the film, shows the
Arabs living in primitiveness,
which represents nothing but a
selective memory, painting our
people as shown, in a savage but
The movie is simply an expose
of an abusive intention. The slums
seen in a few parts of the U.S.A.,
we know, do not represent the
American way of living. Some of
its staged acts, we who live in
Egypt, never saw in our communi-
Educationally, the show adds to
the basic reasons for not object-
ively approaching our mode of'
life; and thus, how can we expect
Americans to sympathize with -our
an epileptic fit. The reason for
its frenzy is undoubtedly that Mr.
Welles wanted to present his "Oth-
ello" with pictorial movement, a
rather necessary and noble object
for a film director.
But once that camera starts
moving, it goes up, down, around,
through, in circles-never concen-
trating on a single image for more
than a few seconds. Much of the
time it photographs the actors
from behind, their faces complete-
ly out of view.
A GOOD illustration of Mr.
Welles' shenanigans is the scene
where Othello comes to strangle
Desdemona. First the screen goes
completely black for a few sec-
onds. Then Mr. Welles is seen
from various angles, emersed in
near shadow. He walks about the
bed, snuffing out candles with his
bare hisnds. Finally he places a
veil of white gauze over Desde-
mona's head; as he chokes her,
she writhes like a distorted marble
statue. After he stabs himself, he
begins to spin in wild circles, the
camera following up and down, in
U' Leads Way in Educational. T. V
(continued from page 1)
In its annual appropriations re-
quest to the State Legislature in
1954, the University included a re-
quest for the necessary $500,000
from state funds, but Governor G.
Mennen Williams snipped it out.
That brought things down to
Future Plans Made
A review of the past became the
order of the day, and flexible-long-
range plans for the future were
"U-TV" has been a pioneer in
educational television since 1950.
As a result, on Sunday, Novem-
ber 5, 1950, the University of Mi-
chigan Television Hour was born.
Its first productions came in the
form of the now-famous "Tele-
courses." The hour was divided
into 3 twenty-minute segments, the
first two bringing college calibre
courses into the homes of people
wanting to continue their educa-
tion, but unable to attend college.
The third took the form of a
"Teletour," giving the people of
the state a behind-the-scenes re-
view of the operations of their
Within a short time, the format
was changed and the Telecourses
were extended to two half-hour
segments. The Teletour reap-
peared as "Michigan eport," which
is still being produced weekly.
Several of the courses are now
even in the absence of a trans-
mitter, there was no reason why
similar audiences could not be
found all over the state, even over
the country. With this belief, the
Kinescope network of the Univet-
sity of Michigan Television Office
In addition, "Michigan Report"
circulates throughout the state
weekly, accompanied by a half-
hour information program cover-
ing varied areas of University
study, "Understanding Our World."
Five Shows Produced
In Ann Arbor, the Television
Office and the Department of
Speech have united with local sta-
tion WPAG-TV to produce five
shows: Dateline Ann Arbor (Mon-
day, Wednesday, and Friday), a
special- news and sports program
with interviews and features;
Story Time (Monday and Wed-
nesday), children's dramas pre*
sented for the 5 to 12 year age
groups; Close up (Monday), va-
riety show; Studio Sampler (Fri-
day), drama, panel discussions,
opera, music; and Sports Parade
(Friday) featuring local, high
school, and University sports.
Today, the weekly audience of
University Television is conser-
vatively estimated at 1,500,000
persons each week.
'TOMORROW: What about the
THE Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-,
bility. Notices should be sent I
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2- p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be in by
2 p.m. Friday.
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1956
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 1
President and Mrs. Hatcher will hold
an open house for University faculty,
staff, and townspeople on Sun., Feb.
26, from 4:00 to 6:00 p.m., at the Presi-
dent's house. .
Several Laurel Harper Seeley Scholar.
ships are being announced by the Alum-
ni Council of the Alumnae Association
of the University for the academic year
of 1956-57. These awards are in the
amount of $200 each and are open to
both graduate and undergraduate wom-
en. Made on the basis of scholarship,
contribution to University life and fi-"
Application blanks may be secured at
the Alumnae Council Office in the
Michigan League Building, between 9
a.m.-12 noon and 1-5 p.m. daily. Appli-
cation with references must be filed
by March 30.
Lucy Elliott Fellowship for 1956-57
offered by the Alumnae Council of the
Alumnae Association of the University
to women graduate students from any
college or university who wish to study
here or to graduates of this university
who wish to pursue their studies, at,,
another university. The fellowship,
amounting to $750, is awards. on the
basis of personality, achievement, and
scholarship ability. Preference shown
to women doing creative work. Applica-
tion blanks may be secured In the
Alumnae Council Office, Michigan
League, and should be returned by
March 30, 1956.
Seniors, and Graduate Students:.A
number of special scholarships and
fellowships will be available for the
academic year 1956-57. Consult the
announcement on the Aeronautical
Engineering bulletin board regarding
Two classes of beginning fencing will
start in the Boxing Room if the Intra-
mural Bldg. at 4:30 p.m. Tues., and
wed., Feb. 28 and 29. All interested men
invited. Weapons and major protective
equipment will be provided.
Experienced fencers invited to com-
pete in the Student-Faculty Intramural
fencing competition Wed., Feb. 29 and
5:15 p.m. in the Boxing Room of the
Doctoral Examination for James
Michael Joyce, Education; thesis: "The
Development of wayne County General
Hospital from a Custodial to a Rehabili-
tation Institution," Mon., Feb. 27, 4024
University High School, at 2:00 p.m.
Chairman, C. A. Eggertsen.
The following schools have positions
to be filled now or in the very near
LITTLE MAN ON CAMPUS
by Oick liblor
,~0% I~DOWN A MTE
LInTTE ? * ., ..